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Jurnal Aspikom : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2087-0442 - ISSN (Online) 2548-8309
Published by Asosiasi Pendidikan Tinggi Ilmu Komunikasi Homepage  [1 journal]

    • Authors: Damayanti Wardyaningrum
      Pages: 609 - 622
      Abstract: The purpose of the research is to identify the local people believe in current information or traditional information of the natural disaster of Merapi mountain in Central Java as one of the mostactive volcanoes in the world. Concept use is information and natural disaster. The research uses post-positivist paradigm with the survey, interview, and observation for data gathering regarding the big eruption in 2010. The results show more than half of local people believe in traditional information than modern information regarding the natural disaster. The differences of local people believe are base on the level of education, age and the role in public. Local citizen believes to traditional information mostly are old people their education background from the elementary level, and has no role in public.On the other hand for the local citizen that believe to modern information are young people, from middle-level education and some of them has a role in public.The perception of traditional information occurs since the old people have some experiences of last volcanic eruption, and more listen to the people they closed and less of literation regarding disaster mitigation. The differences of belief to both traditional and modern information are not statistically significant is an opportunity for integrating traditional and modern information for disaster risk reduction. This research contributes to give insight of the difference of traditional  and modern information on disaster events.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.264
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Yohanes Arie Kuncoro
      Pages: 623 - 634
      Abstract: This research reviewed ritual communication in Garebeg ceremony in Yogyakarta Palace. The Garebeg ceremonies
      were being held in Muslim celebrations such as of Eid al- Fitr (Garebeg   Shawwal), Eid al- Adha (Garebeg large), Maulud Prophet (Garebeg   Mulud). Garebeg  ceremonies identically with Paredes  (Gunungan), which means Yogyakarta Palace keeps the tradition and the ancestors cultural by providing Paredes to communities. This Research uses Constructivist Paradigm and Ethnographic Communication method, especially method of Speaking by Dell Hymes. The purpose of this study to determine the value of norms, attitudes and belief system of the people in the Yogyakarta Palace on Garebeg ceremony. The ritual of Javanese culture, as well as the nature and meaning of communication rituals in ceremonies Garebeg, also know the variety of communication in Garebeg ceremony. The results are seven communication phenomenon such as Tumplak Wajik, Yasa Paredes, Gladen, Garebeg Paredes, Ngabekten, Sekaten and Garebeg Mulud Dal. This research’s contributions are three communication pattern which is hijab Salem, tanda yekti and syiar Islam. This research contributes to give insight about communication patterns and ritual processions in Garebeg ceremony.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.189
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Rini Darmastuti, Sri Winarso Martyas Edi, Erwien Christianto
      Pages: 635 - 649
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is find a model literacy a medium for elementary school students by the use of the interactive multimedia-based wisdom of local community in Salatiga. It uses qualitative method and ethnography communication approach. The data collection was done through observation and in-depth interviews with cultural and teachers primary schools in Salatiga. The results show that 1) The Local wisdom of Salatiga community has been applied in forms of appreciation, cooperation and tolerance based on the teachings of Raden Mas Said. 2) This local wisdom can be used as a basis for media literacy 3) There are two models of literacy media based on local knowledge, i.e., in the form of informal communication done by teachers and parents, and in the form of education through games. The game with Salatiga City setting and with figures of Wales and Asia as symbols of that tolerance is the local wisdom of Salatiga community which will be used as learning media in schools. This research contributes to provide media literacy model by using interactive multimedia  based on local wisdom of the community in Salatiga.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.220
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Gumgum Gumelar
      Pages: 650 - 661
      Abstract: Studies on the effect of persuasion message in a pro­environmental behavior context have been focused on the utilization of argumentative massage type to ensure changes in individual’s behavior. The purpose of this research is to testing whether persuasion narration on type message, based on the risk in mediation by drifting, can reduce the use of plastic bag. This research method used an experimental method by giving manipulation in reading the material form and fill three instruments for 167 respondents. The result suggests that health ­ risk framing messages were more likely increase pro­environmental behaviors in use reduction of plastic bags compares to environmental­risk framing messages. This effect appears due to the historical transportation process. This research contributes to literacy of the community of reducing the use of a plastic bag to improve environmentally friendly behavior.

      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.274
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Sulaeman Sulaeman
      Pages: 662 - 674
      Abstract: The purpose of this research it is analyzing the management of the impression in the stage before it or the stage back displayed in the process of communication at the daily life of social interaction with the surrounding environment for people with oligodactyly in Kampung Ulutaue. This research uses the method interpretative subjective with the approach dramaturgy, involving fifteen informants with ten men and five women were chosen purposively.Researchers are digging experience social interaction informants was conducted using data collected through in-depth interviews and observation participatory with the data supporting based on perspective the act of social and dramaturgy. The results of the study explain people oligodactyly manage the impression upon a stage before or the stage behind with verbal communication and nonverbal displayed social interaction in the process of communication with fellow people oligodactyly, family, the community government agencies, and television treating them by creating inconveniences in exertion to survive, weaken psychology self, marginalisation, traumatic, and self-denial its environment from suffering experienced. The contribution of the study is giving insight about impression management on people with oligodactyly by using dramaturgy perspective.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.270
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Lucy Pujasari Supratman
      Pages: 675 - 684
      Abstract: The data of divorce by women is increasingly today. There are at least 553 divorce cases registered to Bandung Religious Court in 2017 -- most of them was proposed by women. This research wants to describe the form of family communication done by single mothers to their teenagers as a single parent. The method of this research is qualitative with case study approach. The researcher interviewed five single mothers lived in Bandung. The result shows that interpersonal communications on all informants were divided into coercive and democratic communication. The democratic communication is the most effective communication form to build a strong bond with the teenagers in a new single family. The contribution of this research is providing a new model of interpersonal coercive communication.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.226
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Syaiful Rohim
      Pages: 685 - 699
      Abstract: Communication in education and learning gives a great contribution in the success and effectivity learning achievement which is expected. The same as a teachers when they making communication in the class. There are a lot of model and innovation in learning communication, for example Cooperative Learning (CL), Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL), Inquiry, and Problem Solving. This learning model concern that every learning process of active students create their own knowledge (student centered). By using positivisme percepective that tends to avoid talking about reality which is can not be observed (Rohim, 225:2009). The approach which is used in this research is using quantitative approach because it is needed to measure the impact of indepent variable to dependent variable, in other words to measure the cause and effect (causal), (Sugiyono, 2010:190). This research shows that learning strategy and cooperative communication significantly give a big impact to students’ achievement, this data is supported with the data that shows students’ learning achievement in Bahasa Indonesia is better than students’ learning achievement which is using convensional group learning strategy.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.152
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Benazir Bona Pratamawaty, Deddy Mulyana, Dadang Sugiana
      Pages: 700 - 711
      Abstract: This study aims to explore marriage between Indonesian women and the western men (laki-laki bule) from western culture and to describe the meaning of role and position of Indonesian women married with western men. Individual perspective on the role and gender position in marriage life is mostly influenced by neighbours, community, and family. The process of interpreting the role and gender position for Indonesian women is a part of community construction. This research deploys phenomenological perspective, particularly symbolic interactionism and the theory of the social construction of reality. Data have been collected by in-depth interviews and observation to seven Indonesian women married to western men in Jakarta selected through snowball sampling. This research found a construction meaning model related to the role and position of Indonesian women doing mix marriage. Through interaction with their husband, the informants define their role and position in marriage life which is inline with equality principle done by their husband including four different equality meaning, such as partial equality, natural equality, absolute equality, and pragmatic equality. The contribution of this study is to provide a model of construction of meaning on the role and position of Indonesian women doing mixed marriage in family and community.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.253
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Filosa Gita Sukmono, Fajar Junaedi
      Pages: 712 - 721
      Abstract: The real experience of journalists in the field when disaster coverage is learning that can be researched empirically  in disaster coverage in the present and future. The purpose of this research described problems communication disaster experien ced by reporters at the disaster, within specific research about experiences journalist who served in Yogyakarta and surrounding when coverage eruption Merapi 2010. Methods used in this research is indepth interviews with the journalists who involved in disaster coverage. The result of this research was found an important aspect that must be controlled reporters, namely, the ability accuracy and verification of data in coverage that puts forward journalism sensitive disasters and as well as to give hope to residents affected disaster and people through journalism optimistic in disaster coverage. The absence of standard operating procedure (SOP) of disaster coverage during the eruption of Merapi Mount eruption in 2010 became a valuable lesson for various media. The SOP of disaster coverage becomes significant in disaster coverage which now has to be prepared by the editor before giving assignments to journalists to cover the disaster. This research contributes to give a new insight for journalist on disaster journalism issue.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.185
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
  • Konstruksi Berita Layanan Publik Dalam Program "Sumut Dalam
           Berita" TVRI Sumatera Utara

    • Authors: Feby Grace Adriany
      Pages: 722 - 736
      Abstract: This research is conducted to determine the construction of public service news in ‘Sumut Dalam Berita’ program aired on TVRI North Sumatera. With the phenomenological approach, this research used Theories of Influences on Mass Media Content by Pamela J. Shoemaker and Stephen D. Reese. This study conducted an in-depth interview with an internal level of TVRI North Sumatera that is managerial level and the external party who cooperate with TVRI that is North Sumatera Provincial Government.  The results show that : (1) public service news is being a part of the cooperation between TVRI North Sumatera and the Provincial Government. TVRI also receive funds from local budgets for operations activities, (2) each level of the influence of media content starting from individual level to ideological level contributes to public service news production in ‘Sumut Dalam Berita.’ Sometimes there are overlaping between the ideal and practical concepts experienced by the journalist in delivering public information to the public. The contribution of this research is to give insight to journalists and editors on how to produce news, especially on public services without ignoring news value.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.212
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Loina L. K. Perangin-angin, Munawaroh Zainal
      Pages: 737 - 754
      Abstract: The purpose of this research to identify the social networking of early voters in the social media and its influence toward political participation. Using qualitative approach, the data is primarily collected through focus group discussion and in-depth interview with 63 college students chosen purposively in 3 big cities; Bandung, Jakarta, and Surabaya. Research results show that social media is massively used by the early voters for interacting and communicating because it needs no physical preparation and revelation of their original personality. The network is easily accessed, both on campus and at home, which sustains higher intensity in using social media. While networking socially, the early voters only interact and communicate with old acquaints, thus the networking does not aim for developing a new network. Their participation in politics is considered low, have less understanding about politics, and have not participated yet, both online and offline. Social media has become their primary source of political news and information for discussing with family and peers face-to-face. Discussion result becomes a consideration for their political decision making. The contribution of this research  is to give perspectives on political participation of novice  voters in social media in order to  motivate social media users to become politically literate.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.210
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Mubarok Mubarok, Made Dwi Adnjani
      Pages: 755 - 766
      Abstract: This research describes the development, analyzing the communications strategy of socialization migration of tv analog to digital in Central Java using descriptive qualitative method. Data collection is done by interviewing 200 informants in four areas namely Semarang, Magelang, Purwokerto, and Pekalongan. Data analysis was undertaken by using analysis phase of strategic communication which includes formative research, strategy, research, and evaluation tactic. The results show a majority of residents Central Java did not know about migration plan of analog to digital tv. It is a challenge to plan a proper communications strategy according to conditions in Central Java so that the migration can run well and make benefit for all parties. Certainty roadmap migrations will ease the preparation of the communications strategy. The contribution of this research is to provide communication strategy of socialization of digital broadcast system in Central Java.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.215
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Bestian Nainggolan
      Pages: 767 - 782
      Abstract: The weakening macro condition of Indonesia’s economy in the last five years has influenced the economic performance of the television media industry. Since that time, media advertising expenditure as the largest revenue source for the television industry has been declining. The purpose of this research is to know how each group of broadcast media corporations in this country are competing and trying to control the market of the media industry. Methods used in this research was adopting both the quantitative analysis which leans back upon the organization the field of industrial (in theory). Relying on the Structure-Conduct-Performance analysis model, the result of this research reveals that although the economic slowdown impacts the economic performance of the corporate group of television, the roles of three groups of television media corporations: Global Mediacom, Elang Mahkota Teknologi, and Visi Media Asia remain dominant. The market audience and television ads are concentrated in these three groups and build an increasingly uncompetitive structure for other industry players. This research contributes to give insight on the current economic situation of national television industry.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.242
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Choirul Fajri, Siti Mawadati
      Pages: 783 - 797
      Abstract: The construction of new airport in Temon Kulon Progo get resistance from community. The community created a group called “Wahana Tri Tunggal” to do a massive rejection. The new airport is necessary to increase the number of tourists to Yogyakarta in every year. The development process is targeted to be completed in 2019. This research wants to perceive crisis management of government to resolve this issue. This research is qualitative research with case study method. To collect data, we did observations in Temon Kulon Progo and interviews with the Kulon Progo’s Government, PT Angkasa Pura 1, Bapeda DIY, and residents. The result points to the success of the strategic crisis management by the government. Currently, the majority of them has accepted government decision to relocate their settlement. This research gives insight into management strategies of the crisis by the government regarding land acquisition to build the new airport in Kulon Progo.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.224
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)

    • Authors: Muhammad Khairil
      Pages: 798 - 811
      Abstract: SEZ (Special Economic Zone) is one of the government's policy programs in national development planning. Reliable and excellent business and investment activities are the main objectives of the Special Economic Zone policy. Promotion strategy in attracting investors interest continue to be enhanced by Palu City Government. The purpose of this research is to know the efforts made by Palu City Government in pushing Palu Special Economic Zone to potential investors. The method used is qualitative method with case study approach. The results of this study indicate the interest to attract investors to do personal selling done by direct communication between the Government of Palu City and Central Sulawesi Provincial Government with potential investors. Finally constructed suggestions for the strategy of promotion of Special Economic Zones to attract potential investors to invest in Special Economic Zones.The contribution of this research is to provide insight on personal selling with potential investors done by the government of Palu and the Central Sulawesi province.
      PubDate: 2018-02-22
      DOI: 10.24329/aspikom.v3i4.243
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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