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Journal Cover Asian Review of World Histories
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2287-965X - ISSN (Online) 2287-9811
   Published by Brill Academic Publishers Homepage  [227 journals]
  • Introduction
    • Authors: John N. Miksic
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 1 - 6
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • An Introduction to Dr. Nishimura Masanari’s Research on the Lung Khe
           Citadel
    • Authors: Nishino Noriko
      First page: 11
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 11 - 27This paper introduces Nishimura Masanari’s research on the Lung Khe Citadel, which was built in the second century CE and continuously occupied until the end of the fifth or early sixth century. Nishimura explored four main topics. First, based on the large-scale bronze workshop in the citadel, he argued that the casting of the bronze drum there had a political purpose. Second, he proved that the Lung Khe Citadel was Long Bien, not Luy Lau. Third, he discovered several types of artifacts, including a table-shaped stone mortar (pesani) and kendi that show cultural affinity with artifacts found in Tra Kieu and Oc Eo. Hence, the cross-regional Nanhai trade and political power at Lung Khe might have reciprocally stimulated each other. Finally, Nishimura advanced the far-reaching hypothesis that the prosperity of Chinese Buddhism might have stemmed from the Lung Khe area, on the basis of his study of roof tile ends with mask or lotus petal motifs.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • A Reconsideration of the Leilou – Longbian Debate: A Continuation of
           Research by Nishimura Masanari
    • Authors: Lê Huy Phạm
      First page: 28
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 28 - 52In 111 BCE, the Han Dynasty destroyed the Nanyue Kingdom and put the region under the Jiaozhi Commandery. The headquarters of the Jiaozhi Commandery was originally Miling, but was later moved to Leilou and then to Longbian. There have been many hypotheses regarding the location of Leilou and Longbian. In particular, many scholars have identified the remains of the old citadel (Lũng Khê Citadel) located in Thuận Thành District (Bắc Ninh, Vietnam) with the Leilou Citadel. Based on archaeological evidence, the late Dr. Nishimura Masanari advanced a new hypothesis that these remains were not the citadel of Leilou, but that of Longbian. This article will review historical documents about Leilou and Longbian and introduce two inscriptions recently discovered in Bắc Ninh Province to provide further support for Nishimura’s hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • Lung Khe and the Cultural Relationship between Northern and Southern
           Vietnam
    • Authors: Thi Liên Lê
      First page: 53
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 53 - 69This paper focuses on the area surrounding Lung Khe, which is the local name of an ancient citadel located in Thuan Thanh District, Bac Ninh Province, northern Vietnam. The nearby Nam Giao học tổ (南交學祖) Temple and the Tứ Pháp Buddhist temples, as well as records related to Shi Xie (士燮), the head of the Jiaozhi Commandery (交州太守), indicate that interesting cultural exchanges occurred in this area. Examining archaeological evidence found by the late Dr. Nishimura Masanari and his colleagues, the paper discusses cultural relationships and contacts among ancient peoples in various areas, particularly in present-day northern and southern Vietnam.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • Champa Citadels: An Archaeological and Historical Study
    • Authors: Trường Giang Đỗ; Tomomi Suzuki, Văn Quảng Nguyễn Mariko Yamagata
      First page: 70
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 70 - 105From 2009 to 2012, a joint research team of Japanese and Vietnamese archaeologists led by the late Prof. Nishimura Masanari conducted surveys and excavations at fifteen sites around the Hoa Chau Citadel in Thua Thien Hue Province, built by the Champa people in the ninth century and used by the Viet people until the fifteenth century. This article introduces some findings from recent archaeological excavations undertaken at three Champa citadels: the Hoa Chau Citadel, the Tra Kieu Citadel in Quang Nam Province, and the Cha Ban Citadel in Binh Dinh Province. Combined with historical material and field surveys, the paper describes the scope and structure of the ancient citadels of Champa, and it explores the position, role, and function of these citadels in the context of their own nagaras (small kingdoms) and of mandala Champa as a whole. Through comparative analysis, an attempt is made to identify features characteristic of ancient Champa citadels in general.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • Nishimura Masanari’s Study of the Earliest Known Shipwreck Found in
           Vietnam
    • Authors: Nishino Noriko; Aoyama Toru, Kimura Jun, Nogami Takenori Le Thi Lien
      First page: 106
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 106 - 122The Chau Tan shipwreck, probably the earliest shipwreck in Vietnam, was found in the waters off the shore of Binh Son District in Quang Ngai Province in the early 2000s. Dr. Nishimura initiated a study of the shipwreck material, but it was cut short by his sudden demise. A group of Japanese scholars continued the project in co-operation with the Institute of Archaeology (Vietnam). Since remnants of the shipwreck were pillaged and their archaeological contexts were not recorded, this initial study is limited to a comparative assessment of the recovered items, including wooden timbers from the hull and Chinese ceramics. It is also a case study for addressing the ethical issues of raising shipwreck remains in Vietnam for commercial purposes without conducting scientific surveys. The study indicates that the ship timbers came from an eighth-ninth century Southeast Asian ship, and that the Chinese ceramics can be assigned to the Tang Dynasty. A number of inked or inscribed characters on ceramic shards indicate the involvement of Indian Ocean merchants.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • The International Ceramics Trade and Social Change in the Red River Delta
           in the Early Modern Period
    • Authors: Ueda Shinya; Nishino Noriko
      First page: 123
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 123 - 144Nishimura Masanari argued that the construction of enclosed-type levees caused the water level of the Red River to rise in seventeenth-century northern Vietnam, and he suggested that this phenomenon triggered social changes that brought about the establishment of Vietnamese “traditional society,” represented by the autonomous villages of the Red River Delta. Nishimura’s archaeological discussion of the transition from horseshoe-shaped levees to enclosed-type levees suggests new ways of studying socioeconomic change in early modern Vietnam. This article examines the utilization of the dry riverbed area of the Red River near Hanoi and tracks changes in the position of the levee near the neighboring villages of Bát Tràng and Kim Lan from the seventeenth century onward. The article shows that Nishimura’s argument concerning the levee network makes it possible to locate the establishment of early modern Vietnamese society in the “Age of Commerce.”
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Keyi Mappila Muslim Merchants of Tellicherry and the Making of Coastal
           Cosmopolitanism on the Malabar Coast
    • Authors: Santhosh Abraham
      First page: 145
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 145 - 162The Keyi Mappila Muslim merchants of Tellicherry (Thalassery) on the Malabar Coast were one of the few early modern Indian merchant groups who succeeded in carving out a powerful political and social configuration of their own on the western coast of the Indian Ocean during the British period. Today, several branches of Keyi families remain a cultural unit in the Islamic community of Kerala. This article attempts to locate the group in the larger theoretical context of Indian Ocean cosmopolitanism and argues that the Keyis developed a distinct and significant type of coastal cosmopolitanism in an Indian Ocean setting; Chovakkaran Moosa, an influential merchant from a Keyi family during the colonial period, serves as a representative figure. Through their trade and financial relationships with British and local elites, and the characteristic architecture of their warehouses, residences, and mosques, the Keyis successfully integrated the practices of a global cosmopolitan space into a local vernacular secluded commercial space. This article presents a synthesis of a lively coastal urban and local rural cosmopolitanism that included several networks and exchanges, foreign and native collaborations, and an amalgamation of local and external cultural spheres.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • , Jürgen Osterhammel, translated by Patrick Camiller
    • Authors: David I. L. Beecher
      First page: 163
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 163 - 165
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
  • , Miriam Gross
    • Authors: Margaret Mih Tillman
      First page: 166
      Abstract: Source: Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 166 - 168
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:00:00Z
       
 
 
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