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Asian Review of World Histories
Number of Followers: 2  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2287-965X - ISSN (Online) 2287-9811
Published by Brill Academic Publishers Homepage  [226 journals]
  • Introduction
    • Authors: Urmi Engineer Willoughby; Kelly Hacker Jones
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 1 - 7
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Choosing Cures for Mental Ills: Psychiatry and Chinese Medicine in Early
           Twentieth-Century China
    • Authors: Emily Baum
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 8 - 32In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Western physicians and missionaries opened several psychopathic hospitals in urban China, including the John Kerr Refuge for the Insane in Guangzhou and the Beijing Psychopathic Hospital. Although local families relied on the charitable services offered by these facilities, they generally remained ambivalent about, if not outright resistant to, neuropsychiatric theories and practices. This article examines how and why ordinary families made medical decisions when faced with the problem of mental illness. In contrast to previous research on biomedicine in the Republican period (1911–1949), which has tended to emphasize issues relating to ideology and cultural nationalism, this paper argues that support of (and resistance to) neuropsychiatry was less often framed in terms of identity politics than in terms of far more practical concerns, such as access, intelligibility, and effectiveness. Disparities in how “mental” disorders were conceptualized in Chinese and Western medicine, problems pertaining to translation and communication, and the very ineffectiveness of psychiatric treatment itself help to explain why families may have patronized psychopathic hospitals but remained unconvinced by the epistemic foundations of neuropsychiatric medicine.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Rehabilitating Botany in the Postwar Moment: National Promise and the
           Encyclopedism of Eduardo Quisumbing’s (1951)
    • Authors: Kathleen Cruz Gutierrez
      First page: 33
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 33 - 67In 1951, plant taxonomist Eduardo Quisumbing published Medicinal Plants of the Philippines, a 1,234–page volume on the palliative and curative applications of Philippine flora. Considered the standard contemporary reference on medical botany, Quisumbing’s work has informed generations of human scientists, botanists, and chemists from the archipelago. This paper, however, poses the question: What did Quisumbing, a trained orchidist, have to do with such a wide-ranging postwar publication—one quite distant from his scientific specialization—that would be (mistakenly) remembered as his magnum opus' Through a close reading of the text informed by the work’s intertextuality and Quisumbing’s personal archive, I argue that Medicinal Plants of the Philippines captures a type of encyclopedism undertaken in order to recuperate Manila’s Bureau of Science following World War II. This encyclopedism speaks to the book’s curious character: strictly speaking, it is neither a pharmacopoeia nor a flora. Instead, it is a compendium of principally invasive species and their medicinal uses around the world that draws from over 630 academic publications. Caught within the tangle of postwar national reconstruction efforts, Quisumbing’s book evidences a considerable investment in intellectual knowledge production to assert the country’s newfound independence while shoring up public support for Philippine botanic and scientific research.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Ancient Art Meets Modern Science:American Medicine Investigates
           Acupuncture, 1970–1980
    • Authors: Kelly Hacker Jones
      First page: 68
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 68 - 97In the early 1970s, the so-called “acupuncture craze” swept America, introducing many Americans for the first time to this supposedly ancient therapy. Acupuncture was advertised as a cure-all, effective for everything from arthritis to smoking cessation, much to the dismay of the American Medical Association and other professional organizations. By April 1973, Nevada had passed a bill that legalized the use of acupuncture and established a State Board for Chinese Medicine, independent of its State Board for Medicine. In response, American physicians pursued two courses of action: they initiated biomedical studies that aimed at proving either a physiological or psychological effect generated by acupuncture, and they advocated for state-level regulations that restricted the use of acupuncture as an experimental therapy. Building on the work of historians of alternative medicine—including Anne Harrington and James Whorton—this paper contributes to our understanding of the position of alternative therapies within American medical practice.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Epistemology and Embodiment: Diagnosis and the Senses in Classical
           Ayurvedic Medicine
    • Authors: Lisa Allette Brooks
      First page: 98
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 98 - 135
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Experienced Efficacy and Experimented Efficacy: The Westernization of
           Chinese Medicine through the Eyes of a Practitioner
    • Authors: Wai-chi Chee
      First page: 136
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 136 - 156
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Traditional Medicine and Primary Health Care in Sri Lanka: Policy,
           Perceptions, and Practice
    • Authors: Margaret Jones; Chandani Liyanage
      First page: 157
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 157 - 184
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • The Life Sciences, 1900–2000: Analysis and Social Welfare from Mendel
           and Koch to Biotech and Conservation
    • Authors: Patrick Manning
      First page: 185
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 185 - 208The life sciences underwent a dramatic transformation during the twentieth century, with an expansion in fundamental knowledge of the process of evolution and its molecular basis, through advances in health care that greatly extended human life, and by the combination of these advances to address the problem of conserving the many forms of life threatened by expanding human society. The essay highlights the worldwide emphasis on social welfare in the years 1945–1980 and the expanding role of international collaboration, especially in the International Biological Program and its advances in ecology and the notion of the biosphere, and in the emergence of molecular biology. This was also the era of the Cold War, yet military confrontation had fewer implications for life sciences than for the natural sciences in that era. After 1980, deregulation and neoliberalism weakened programs for social welfare, yet links among the varying strands of life sciences continued to grow, bringing the development of genomics and its many implications, expanding epidemiology to include reliance on social sciences, and deepening ecological studies as the Anthropocene became more and more prevalent. In sum, the experience of the life sciences should make it clear to world historians that scientific advance goes beyond the achievements of brilliant but isolated researchers: those same advances rely substantially on social movements, migration, and the exchange of knowledge across intellectual and physical boundaries.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Xing Hang
    • Authors: Hongsheng Wu
      First page: 209
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 209 - 211
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
  • Yuichiro Sakamoto
    • Authors: Shigeru Akita
      First page: 212
      Abstract: Source: Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 212 - 214
      PubDate: 2018-01-30T00:00:00Z
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