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Journal Cover CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2413-9505
   Published by CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Inaugural Editorial: Experimentation in Innovation Studies

    • Authors: S.J. Mäkinen, M. Steinert, M. Vignoli, J. Birkinshaw, M. Nordberg
      First page: 1
      Abstract: The purpose of the new on-line journal, CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation, or CIJ, is to provide an open platform and a data depository for the socio-economic innovation research. CIJ is interested in the social dimensions of experimentation in innovation. In particular, CIJ aims at increasing our understanding of what, how, why, when, and where people innovate, what, how, why, when, and where innovations are created, adopted, used, modified, and discarded and how innovations are managed, directed, governed, or influenced.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.5170/cij.2015.92
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Applying physical science techniques and CERN technology to an unsolved
           problem in radiation treatment for cancer: the multidisciplinary
           ‘VoxTox’ research programme

    • Authors: Neil Gunn Burnet, Jessica Scaife, Marina Romanchikova, Simon Thomas, Amy Bates, Emma Wong, David Noble, Leila Shelley, Simon Bond, Julia Forman, Andrew Hoole, Gillian Barnett, Frederic Brochu, Michael Simmons, Raj Jena, Karl Harrison, Ping Lin Yeap, Amelia Drew, Emma Silvester, Patrick Elwood, Hannah Pullen, Andrew Sultana, Shannon Seah, Megan Wilson, Simon Russell, Richard Benson, Yvonne Rimmer, Sarah Jefferies, Nicolette Taku, Mark Gurnell, Andrew Powlson, Carola-Bibiane Schönlieb, Xiaohao Cai, Michael Sutcliffe, Michael Parker
      First page: 3
      Abstract: The VoxTox research programme has applied expertise from the physical sciences to the problem of radiotherapy toxicity, bringing together expertise from engineering, mathematics, high energy physics (including the Large Hadron Collider), medical physics and radiation oncology. In our initial cohort of 109 men treated with curative radiotherapy for prostate cancer, daily image guidance computed tomography (CT) scans have been used to calculate delivered dose to the rectum, as distinct from planned dose, using an automated approach. Clinical toxicity data have been collected, allowing us to address the hypothesis that delivered dose provides a better predictor of toxicity than planned dose.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.23726/cij.2017.457
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • OBI - Developing an idea sharing platform for online collaboration and
           distributed student projects

    • Authors: Joona Juhani Kurikka
      First page: 13
      Abstract: Online Base Innovation (OBI) is a development project to create and test a scalable online platform to support globally distributed learning, collaboration and concept development. OBI development is coordinated by IdeaSquare, an innovation experiment at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. This paper will focus on defining the initial steps and structure for setting up a comprehensive online collaboration platform to support multidisciplinary development projects, and also to optimize the learning experience and collaboration efforts for the participating students. The empirical work is based on research during an earlier, more co-located project called Challenge Based Innovation @ CERN.  To make sure that such an approach can work in a wide range of extreme engineering challenges, IdeaSquare is starting to collaborate in a couple of engineering-driven pilot projects to continue improving and developing OBI. 
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.23726/cij.2017.458
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Experimentation and innovation: purpose, possibilities and preferred
           solutions

    • Authors: Judy Matthews
      First page: 17
      Abstract: This paper explores the range of purposes for  experimenting and identifies some of the patterns and processes where experimentation leads to innovation. Thematic analysis of a brief overview of literature indicates that experimentation can be understood from multiple perspectives: as a mindset, a determination to solve a puzzle or challenge, a generic research process to develop new goods and services, to explore new fields and as a core process in creating desired futures. Experimentation will increase in importance as researchers and organisations explore dynamic and turbulent environments, seeking new avenues to generate and apply new technologies, and capture their benefits.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.23726/cij.2017.459
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Perceived difficulty of design thinking activities in co-located and
           remote environments

    • Authors: Tuuli Utriainen
      First page: 21
      Abstract: What kinds of challenges do teams face when engaged in design thinking in co-located and remote working environments' This paper demonstrates the perceived difficulty of different design activities and how they compare to one another. A framework comprising nine individual design activities is used to map out experiences of six multicultural, distributed student design teams. The results illustrate how decision-making is perceived as one of the most difficult activities. Shifts in ranking between environments are also explored.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.23726/cij.2017.460
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Open hardware as an experimental innovation platform: preliminary research
           questions and findings

    • Authors: Pietari Kauttu, Luis Felipe Murillo
      First page: 26
      Abstract:  In this article, we explore the concept of Open Hardware (OH) as an experimental innovation platform to take a first step in the study of the institutional and sociotechnical conditions for fostering and advancing Free and Open Source projects at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN. For our purposes, OH will be described as a highly adaptable platform for present and future research infrastructures. As part of the contemporary movement for “Open Science,” OH will be examined with respect to its actual and potential contributions to the development of common tools and infrastructures for large-scale scientific collaborations. The primary data we use was gathered by the CERN Knowledge Transfer group in October 2016 through an online survey in addition to face-to-face interviews. Our preliminary findings point to the need for establishing different modes of institutional support beyond CERN and outside the hobbyist market to help advance cultures of collaborative hardware development in the sciences.


      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.23726/cij.2017.462
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • How experiments in the fuzzy front end using prototyping generates new
           options

    • Authors: John K. Christiansen, Marta Gasparin
      First page: 35
      Abstract: The fuzzy front in product development is frequently mentioned as the most critical phase of the innovation process, and the five cases of successful design innovations here indicate that experiments and an experimental approach are generating positive outcomes. The experiments in the cases can be characterized as various forms of prototyping. Interestingly the prototyping and experiments took place in the very early phases of the innovation process, rather than later as often advised and interestingly experimentation in the cases here appears to be a vehicle for creating new options. Furthermore, the analysis demonstrates that prototyping can be considered as a punctuation device, as it offers those involved the option of opting out of ongoing processes, routines and engage in playful behavior by allowing for a freer experimentation with materials, processes, methods to challenge existing knowledge and explore potential solutions. In science, by contrast, experimentation generally is carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis, in other words it seems to be associated with testing options rather than creating them.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.23726/cij.2017.463
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Towards enabling disruptive innovation in a diffuse funding and resources
           landscape

    • Authors: AA. VV.
      First page: 42
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to offer a “handbook at-a-glance” for enabling disruptive innovation in a diffuse geo-political and economic landscape. That is, to identify the enabling parameters for economy-revitalizing innovation in a geo- economically diffuse area. It is assumed that there are multiple parallel funding streams and resources allocation mechanisms, multiple political systems, diffuse legal and regulatory frameworks, and tight budgetary constraints and control. Our approach is inspired by systems biology and ecology-thinking. A five-step implementation plan is proposed, using research infrastructures as a co-innovation platform. An order of magnitude for required investments is given, as well as an expected multiplication factor over a time period of five years. We also offer a concrete example.
      PubDate: 2017-06-30
      DOI: 10.23726/cij.2017.523
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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