Journal Cover Mimbar : Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan
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   ISSN (Print) 0215-8175 - ISSN (Online) 2303-2499
   Published by Universitas Islam Bandung Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Relationship Between Solid Waste Service Characteristics and Income Level
           in Metropolitan Bandung Raya

    • Authors: Sri Maryati, An Nisaa' Siti Humaira, Husna Tiara Putri
      Pages: 233 - 242
      Abstract: Rapid urbanization process has stimulated the emergence of the metropolitan area, including Metropolitan Bandung Raya. The development of the metropolitan region is not equipped by infrastructure. Generally, the level of service of infrastructure varies based on income level. The purpose of this research is to identify the relationship between solid waste service characteristics and household income level. Solid waste service characteristics are measured from waste handling and disposal, waste collection officers, the frequency of waste collection, and fees and payment. The results of the analysis show that there is a relationship between solid waste service and income level: the higher the income, the better the solid waste service. The followings are some significant findings found in this research: (a) solid waste service in housing developed by the developer is better compared to those in self-help housing, and (b) solid waste service in the urban area is better compared to those in peri-urban and rural area.  
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Climate Change and Agricultural Adaptation in Indonesia

    • Authors: Bevaola Kusumasari
      Pages: 243 - 253
      Abstract: This research strives to provide answers regarding adaptation patterns of farmers in confronting climate change in Indonesia. The method utilized for this research is a mixed method. Qualitative data was acquired through a series of focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with farmers and agricultural stakeholders in Gunung Kidul and Sleman, Indonesia. Additionally, the survey was carried out to 220 farmers in both research locations. The two research locations were chosen based on the difference in agricultural land. The findings of this research show that farmers understand climate change is occurring in their region and it influences their cultivation method. Farmers utilize their personal experiences as well as local practices in adapting to climate change. The impact most felt by farmers is crop failure and a decrease in quality and quantity of agricultural crops. The ensuing implication is that farmer’s income declines more and more. This research found that agricultural product cost increased by almost as much as 50%, whilst farmer’s income merely increased half of that, which is 25% since climate change has affected their farming. Responding to the matter, the strategy farmers employ is by changing the planting pattern, using soil cultivation technique, plant pest management technique, and watering/irrigation technique.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Model of Communication Program Corporate Social Responsibility for
           Empowerment Community

    • Authors: David Rizar Nugroho, Aida Vitayala S. Hubeis, Amiruddin Saleh, Wahyu Budi Priatna
      Pages: 254 - 266
      Abstract: Community empowerment is one of the keys to success in running development of a region. The empowerment program carried out with models, shapes and different strategies. The purpose of this study was to analyze (1) Determine the perception of the implementation of communication channels and approaches to communications made in the program CSR companies. (2) Analyze the influence of the characteristics of the beneficiaries, and the communication channel communication approach CSR program the company towards community empowerment. The samples used in this study were 410 respondents. This study is designed as a quantitative research boosted by the approach of a qualitative study using descriptive analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM). The results of this study include: (1) Perception of beneficiaries for variables communication channels, communication approach and community empowerment approach is generally considered good. (2) The variables that affect the community empowerment are approach communication and communication channels, while the characteristics of the beneficiaries had no significant effect.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • The Dynamics Of Rice Field Conversion Into Settlement In The District Of

    • Authors: Ivan Chofyan
      Pages: 267 - 275
      Abstract: Bandung District as one of the rice-producing areas in West Java has a strong interest in maintaining rice field. However, the land conversion of rice field in the Bandung District continues to occur with various factors. This study aims to identify the elements that make up the structure of the phenomenon and the linkages between these elements which lead to the conversion of rice fields and recommend some policy alternatives that are useful for efforts to control the conversion of rice field. In order to achieve the stated goals, this study uses system dynamics which is one method of thinking system that could see the various aspects of integral and structurally enable to explain the phenomenon of land conversion happens. On this study determines 4 scenarios consists of a basic scenario, rice field cropping intensity scenarios (RFCI), necessity standard of land settlement scenarios (NSLS), and food diversification scenarios (FD). The final result of this study states that the necessity standard of land settlement scenarios result in a decrease in the rate of land conversion is smaller and the rice stock inventory is more stable compared to other scenarios. Under these conditions, policies that support the above scenario should be established, namely the policy of land-saving settlement development and establishment of sustainable rice field.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • The Determinant of Working Capital Management of Manufacturing Companies

    • Authors: Mias Fatimatuzzahra, Retno Kusumastuti
      Pages: 276 - 281
      Abstract: Working capital is directly related to the operations activity of the company to produce goods. To be able to properly manage its working capital, the company must determine what factors that can affect working capital. Actually, there are many factors that affect working capital management but the factors that used in this study are firm size, leverage, firm growth, cash flow, profitability, capital expenditure, and GDP. Meanwhile, working capital management is reflected by the cash conversion cycle. By taking samples at manufacturing companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange period of 2010 - 2014, found there are a significant effect of firm size, firm growth, cash flow, profitability, and GDP. This is due to the leverage and capital expenditure shows insignificant effect.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • The Effectiveness of APB-Desa Management in West Muna Regency

    • Authors: Eka Suaib, Bahtiar Bahtiar, Jamal Bake
      Pages: 282 - 291
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of effectiveness of APB-Desa (Village Budget) management, which includes planning of APB-Desa, implementation of APB-Desa, reporting of the implementation of APB-Desa, and accountability of the implementation of APB Desa in West Muna regency. The study used mixed method approach, namely, quantitative and qualitative approaches, in which quantitative is major and qualitative is minor. In the quantitative approach, it used a survey method, while in the qualitative approach used interviews method and document analysis. The results showed that the effectiveness of management APB-Desa which includes APB-Desa planning, APB-Desa implementation, APB-Desa implementation reporting, and accountability of implementation of APB-Desa in West Muna Regency was categorized as moderate. This happened because administrators of APB-Desa have not consistently applied all effectiveness criteria according to the resources system approach (input) and the internal process approach.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Locally-Based Enterprise Training To Improve The Economic Empowerment Of
           The Learners Of Independent Enterprise Literacy

    • Authors: Dayat Hidayat, Asep Saepudin
      Pages: 292 - 301
      Abstract: Entrepreneurial skills of learners of Independent Enterprise Literacy at Community Learning Center (CLC) Harapan Karawang Regency in developing locally-based enterprise, is still low. This study is aimed to analyze the planning, the implementation, the outcome, and the impact of locally-based enterprise training on improving the economic empowerment of the learners of Independent Enterprise Literacy. The approach uses in this study is a qualitative case study method. The subjects consist of four learners, a trainer, and an administrator of CLC. The data are obtained through the observation, in-depth interview, and documentation analysis. The data analysis involves the following stages: data collection, data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing/verification. The locally-based enterprise training is designed through proper planning with the identification of learner needs, formulating objectives and preparing training curriculum that meets the needs and characteristics of the learners. The implementation of the training is conducted properly in accordance with a predetermined plan. The results of training assessment show an increase of knowledge, attitudes and behavior of learners’ entrepreneurial skills. The enterprise training gives impact and influence to increase the learners’ economic empowerment proved by the increasing income and wider business opportunities.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • The Development Of Red Chili Agribusiness Cluster With Soft System
           Methodology (Ssm) Approach In Garut, West Java

    • Authors: Sri Ayu Andayani, Lies Sulistyowati, Tomy Perdana
      Pages: 302 - 310
      Abstract: Red chili is one of the commodities with high price fluctuation and gives influence to inflation. It happens due to the unsustainable supply of red chili from the central production centers to the market. Bank Indonesia (central bank) initiates a cluster system to support price controlling and regional economic growth. In this regard, the study is conducted  in Garut regency, which is one of the centers of red chili plantation in West Java and uses as cluster development, and yet there are still many obstacles along the way. This paper has the objective to describe the problem which causes unsustainable production and affects industrial supplies systemically and also to analyze the existing partnerships in order to maintain the continuity of supply as an alternative solution.This study was designed qualitatively with case study method through a system approach namely soft system methodology (SSM). The results shows that the problems in the cluster of red chili are ranging from production planning to the delay of sales payment process which systemically interlinked and the collaboration of executors that have not been optimally implemented. This study offers solution for those problems accordance with change formulation of SSM and industrial emphasis on fairness, transparency and integrated optimization with the principle of production sustainability from all stakeholders through participative collaboration to maintain continuity of production.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Two Democratic Traditions In The Election Of Head Of Village In Neglasari,

    • Authors: Iyep Saefulrahman, Lala M. Kolopaking, Endriatmo Sutarto, Sadu Wasistiono
      Pages: 311 - 318
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the working of two democratic traditions in the election of head of Neglasari Village in 2015. This aim based on the condition of Neglasari as a unity of law society that has its own tradition in implementing democracy. However, the state determines that liberal democratic tradition is the main traditions that applied in head of village election. The research uses qualitative research and case study as its research strategy. Data collecting is done by interview, observation and documentation. The working of both democratic traditions turns out to provide a positive contribution, to the village democracy to be more qualified because both traditions are supporting each other. 
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Women Farmer’s Participation And Empowerment To Support Family Food
           Self- Sufficiency

    • Authors: Maya Safrina Suraningsih, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Dwi Sadono, Djoko Susanto, Amiruddin Saleh
      Pages: 319 - 329
      Abstract: Agricultural development is currently prioritizing on the technical aspects and pays less attention to human factors which resulting in low empowerment of farmers. The patriarchal system which still prevails in rural areas causing the involvement of women in the decision-making process is still very low, so as the importance of empowering women in rural areas in order to make them more confident about themselves and are able to formulate and convey the problems efficiently. The research objectives are (1) to analyze the level of women farmers’ empowerment, and (2) to analyze factors affecting the level of participation and empowerment of women farmers. Data were processed using quantitative analysis supported by qualitative analysis. The results obtained the level of women farmer’s empowerment in medium category, the activities of Women Farmers Group (KWT) categories of low in making decisions, increasing the additional income and distribute production, the medium category, namely access to information and regulate family food consumptions, and high category that aspect of utilizing their yards. Factors that mostly affect the empowerment of women farmers are a long time to cultivate the farm yard, the level of income, cosmopolitan level, motivation level, intensity of interaction within the groups, the development of technical capabilities, the intensity of the assistance, government policy support, social environment conduciveness, interpersonal, group, behavior in using media, planning, income utilization, and monitoring and evaluation activities.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • The Welenrengnge Boat Model: Maritim Character Building Of Higher
           Education In Indonesia

    • Authors: AB Takko Bandung
      Pages: 330 - 334
      Abstract: This study is a cultural research using a descriptive qualitative design, namely Maritim character values in the script of Sawerigading Voyage to China is profoundly classified, interpreted, and described. The research result shows that Welenrengnge can be utilized in order to implement the Maritim character for Hasanuddin University academicians and it has been tested to students at Faculty of Humanities, Hasanuddin University. Based on the scenario, the stages to achieve the Maritim character, what is always heard, seen, read, reviewed, discussed and performed is obsessed into everybody’s personality so the self-character can be changed and shaped either individually or collectively. Therefore, this model is called the Welenrengnge Boat Model. Seizing the Maritim character requires a considerable time. The experimental research shows that the students generation of 2014 of Indonesian Literature Department of Faculty of Humanities have commenced to build the Maritim character.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Justice And Legal Certainty For Child Victims

    • Authors: Edi Setiadi
      Pages: 335 - 342
      Abstract: Focus of attention in the criminal justice system so far has always been to the perpetrator, whereas parties related to a process of criminal justice encompasses the perpetrator, the victim, and the community. A crime victim, in particular, would suffer more since he/she could experience secondary victimization in the criminal justice system.The law concerning victim and witness protection only states the limitation for the criminal victim to ask for compensation to criminal justice system, either as a victim of direct criminal or a victim of abuse power done by law enforcement officers. Child victims are treated the same way as to adult victims, whilst they have a greater dimension of the problem and effects to be dealt with Mechanism and procedures to be followed are ius constituendum (intended/desirable law), as they only share expectation of indemnity, compensation, and rehabilitation which have not been empirically tested in a real situation.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Economic Community Empowerment Through Tourist Village Development

    • Authors: Azis Muslim
      Pages: 343 - 352
      Abstract: The village is the governance structure at the bottom and directly in contact with the public. The village has the potential and assets that can be developed to build public welfare. Therefore, the village government has a strategic role in the economic empowerment of the community. The village government of Bleberan exploit the potential and assets for economic empowerment of communities through the development of tourism village. This study aims to assess the measures undertaken by the Bleberan village government in building a tourism village and its impact on the local economy. Research conducted qualitatively by the method of collecting data through observation, interview, and documentation. In addition, the questionnaire is used to complete the data. Based on the research it was found that the construction of tourism village is done through the stages of village potential exploration, build a dream, strategy, and action. Meanwhile, economic empowerment is done through awareness, provision of facilities, and training of skills. The result of development of tourism village impact on work opportunities, increased income, and investment growth in the tourism business for the local community.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Role of Islamic Banking and Conventional Against Poverty with The Dual
           Banking System

    • Authors: Iwan Setiawan
      Pages: 353 - 361
      Abstract: Islamic banking in Indonesia is present in a dual banking system. Islamic banking is expected to contribute more in the process of economic development and improving people’s welfare. The  main  objective of  this  study is  to  analyze the  role  of  financing Islamic banking and conventional banking credit to the improvement of people’s welfare as measured by reductions in poverty. The study was conducted using  the explanatory method, applying the  panel  regression estimation techniques simultaneously with the  Two Stage Least Square  method (TSLS)  using  data from the period 1992-2012. Results  of the study reveals that the increased of  financing Islamic banking and conventional banking credit assign roles  to poverty reduction in Indonesia. The role of Islamic banking financing is lower  than conventional bank  credit role  in reducing poverty. In addition to improve financing and credit, changes should be applied in the value  of the instruments of monetary policy, economic growth, unequal distribution  of income and  the depreciation  of the local  currency that contribute towards poverty conditions. 
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Implications of Self Concept in Communication Behavior of Retarded

    • Authors: Nova Yohana, Fitri Hardianti, Rina Mardiyanti
      Pages: 362 - 371
      Abstract: In reality, the retarded children  has a very sensitive position in the formation process of self-concept that works on their communication behavior in the social environment. This research article aims to express the implications of self-concept of behavior in both verbal communication and nonverbal communication of retarded children when they are interacting in a social environment. This research uses the qualitative method with symbolic interaction approach. The findings of the research indicate a positive self-concept of retarded children with the type of social comparison will have implications for their behavior of verbal communication become active and nonverbal communication become responsive. In reverse, negative self-concept of retarded children with the type of self-appraisal will have implications on verbal communication behavior become not optimally developed and nonverbal communication unresponsive.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Green Product Purchasing Phenomenon: Exploring The Gaps Of Theoretical,
           Methodological And Empirical

    • Authors: Rahab Bin Tafsir, Basu Swastha Dharmmesta, Sahid Susilo Nugroho, Yulia Arisnani Widyaningsih
      Pages: 372 - 381
      Abstract: This study aims to identify research gaps on green purchasing topics and proposes several recommendations for future research. To explain the phenomenon of green products  purchase, this study uses Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in framework. The research uses a  qualitative method approach by conducting a review of articles that traced through four popular journal providers: Ebsco, J-Stors, Proquest and Emeraldinsight. A literature search process held between April, 2015 until Juni, 2015 and resulted on 67 chosen articles. The outcome of the review identified four theoretical gaps, two  methodological gaps and one practical gap. 
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Analysis of Customary Institutions’ Position and Roles in Business
           Permission Bureaucracy: Case of Bali

    • Authors: Buddi Wibowo, Bagus Adhi Luthfi, Anas Lutfi
      Pages: 382 - 392
      Abstract: Uneven investment activities distribution in Bali result in economic disparity which causes not only social tension but also endanger cultural heritage. Preservation of Balinese culture could be threatened if economic and business activities are not managed properly and in line with efforts to preserve the culture of Bali in the long term. This study aims to assess the empirical and normative sociological legal jurisdiction over existing regulations related to economic and business activities in the Province of Bali which can be considered a potential threat to the preservation of Balinese culture and tradition. Based on the problem mapping that is the result of the empirical and normative juridical study, we are able to do the analysis of regulatory and institutional rearrangement of business and investment permission bureaucracy in the Bali province by considering the preservation of cultural and traditional law enforcement in Bali.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Extradition Process in Transnasional Criminal Act to Find Perpetrators

    • Authors: Muhamad Rakhmat
      Pages: 393 - 400
      Abstract: In some research, it is elaborated that the process of extradition, MLA, Good Mutual Relation are conducted between governments represented by central authority from each state, meanwhile the process of Handing-Over is conducted by police (Ncb-Interpol) of each state. Those for means are conducted in four steps, namely, pre-request, procedure in the requesting state, procedure in the requested state and post-request. In practice, those four are influenced by ten factors: the difference in legal system and legal politics, the existence of agreement between the requesting state and the requested state, clauses and the qualification of the clauses in the agreement of extradition or MLA, formulation of extradition and MLA in international convention, formulation of extradition and MLA in the requested state, relationship of the requesting and the requested states, bargaining position of a state, facility and infrastructure, law enforcer means and Law awareness of law subject. 
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Multi Stakeholders Governance Body Model In Achieving the Excellence
           Public Policy

    • Authors: Novita Tresiana, Noverman Duadji
      Pages: 401 - 411
      Abstract: This study aims to: 1) analyze the reasons of failure of village government in producing a superior policy; 2) analyze the existing institutions in the community, as the realization of the carrying capacity of a superior policy; and 3) develop a model of institutional strengthening to achieve the excellence of public policy. This study uses a qualitative approach with description methods. The data used is the primary and secondary data. Secondary data were  obtained  from the local government in the form of the relevant documentation. The primary data obtained from interviews, observation, focus group discussions. The data collected are analyzed qualitative descriptive. The research location is in Lampung, Province of South Lampung, 9 in villages. The results show that the failure of development due to the institutional model of village planning meetings is bureaucratic, formalism and the measurement focuses on the process instead of the result. There are no institutional supporting communities and the village planning meetings do not involve stakeholders. Required solutions are in the form of representative models of institutional strengthening, get to know to the community residents through a deliberative forum with a multi- stakeholders. 
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Vitality Of Village Umkm In The Arena Of Asean Economic Community (Aec)

    • Authors: Dhanny Septimawan Sutopo
      Pages: 412 - 420
      Abstract: A horizon of expectation seems to be much brighter when the regional cooperation among the Southeast Asian countries intensify due to their meeting commitment of integration. The culmination of the regional cooperation commitment in Southeast Asia is an agreement to become a solid community within the framework of the Asean Community. One aim of the Asean Community is to form a joint economic community among the countries in Southeast Asia, commonly known as the Asean Economic Community (AEC).AEC opens space for the flow of goods and services from ASEAN member countries freely, including items that have been developed by Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) – Micro Small and Medium Enterprises. In Indonesia, especially in Malang, UMKM provide the foundation of the regional economic development. The implementation of AEC will slowly and surely give implications to UMKM and regional economy, more specifically the areas with less attention preparing for UMKM to face the Southeast Asian regional free market. It is an early gate to determine whether the position of this proved-to-be-resilient economic actors (read: UMKM) will be involved or will be squashed to be a spectator when the other countries of the region make Indonesia as a new trading arena.This research will conduct a preliminary assessment towards the local government’s innovation in facing the implementation of AEC, primarily that relates to organizing UMKM at the local/village level. The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding in greater detail in accordance with the local government's response and strategies in Malang Raya to prepare village UMKM in dealing with the implementation of AEC. The study also attempts to find the initial design of strengthening the village UMKM that is adaptive to current regional and global trade liberalization. Field research will be conducted in Malang Regencies, Malang City, and Batu City, where all these areas have village UMKM that are enough to contribute to the local economy.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Local Institution in Utilization of the Water Resources of The Giam Siak
           Kecil - Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve, in Riau, Indonesia

    • Authors: Nurul Qomar, Sambas Basuni, Rinekso Soekmadi, Herwasono Soedjito
      Pages: 421 - 434
      Abstract: The Giam Siak Kecil - Bukit Batu (GSKBB) Biosphere Reserve in Riau Province has flood swamp forest ecosystem, which are served as the primary fisheries resource for the local community. This research is aimed to determine the characteristics of resources and fishing communities, as well as the local institution in the utilization of water resources using Ostrom’s principles (1990). This research uses qualitative methods. The data are collected and validated through three techniques which are in-depth interviews, participant observation, and documents study. Analysis was conducted by descriptive-qualitative. The results shows that most of fishing communities were Siak Malay ethnic, who still used traditional fishing gear. Water resources of GSKBB are classified as Common Pool Resources (CPRs), which make it difficult to coped free riders. Fishing communities have local institutions, namely: the boundary of technology, property rights, supervision, social sanctions, and the conflict resolution mechanism. There are no boundary of time and fishing in the area because fishermen wisely adapted to a natural condition such as water fluctuations in water level of rivers and lakes. There are also no limitation of users and the number of unit resources that should be applied because fish resources are still abundant.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Construction Of A Performance Assessment Model For Zakat Management

    • Authors: Sri Fadilah, Rini Lestari, Kania Nurcholisah
      Pages: 435 - 445
      Abstract: The objective of the research is to examine the performance evaluation using Balanced Scorecard model. The research is conducted due to a big gap existing between zakat (alms and religious tax in Islam) with its potential earn of as much as 217 trillion rupiahs and the realization of the collected zakat fund that is only reached for three trillion. This indicates that the performance of zakat management organizations in collecting the zakat is still very low. On the other hand, the quantity and the quality of zakat management organizations have to be improved. This means the performance evaluation model as a tool to evaluate performance is needed. The model construct is making a performance evaluation model that can be implemented to zakat management organizations. The organizational performance with Balanced Scorecard evaluation model will be effective if it is supported by three aspects, namely:  PI, BO and TQM. This research uses explanatory method and data analysis tool of SEM/PLS. Data collecting technique are questionnaires, interviews and documentation. The result of this research shows that PI, BO and TQM simultaneously and partially gives a significant effect on organizational performance.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • Compliance Degrees of Endowments Manager to Act No. 41 of 2004 on

    • Authors: Tata Fathurrohman, Ayi Sobarna
      Pages: 446 - 455
      Abstract: Some interesting types of endowment (waqaf) today are progressing on the ground, in form of  cash, shares, securities, and copyright. Therefore, endowments can be expected to be the backbone of prosperity in Indonesia. However, as long as these endowments are failed to be optimized and well managed by the incapability of some endowment managers to comply with the Act No. 41 of 2004, there will be many cases occurred against the management of endowments.Endowments Pro '99 Bandung is one of the few productive endowments manager which develops very fast. The question raises regarding the performance of endowments management will be to what extent these endowment managers have a degree of compliance with the Act No. 41 of 2004 on endowments'This research was conducted through a descriptive study of the documents owned Wakaf Pro'99 Bandung relevant to pledge, witnesses, and the management of endowments property. The study was conducted by administering questionnaires to endowments manager concerned. With this method, it is concluded that the Waqf Pro'99 Bandung is in complying with the provisions relating to pledge endowments and gain very high compliance category. Similarly, it is also in complying with the provisions relating to witnesses.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
  • The Naturalization Policy in Online News Media

    • Authors: Dian Purworini, Engkus Kuswarno, Purwanti Hadisiwi, Agus Rakhmat
      Pages: 456 - 464
      Abstract: Mediation by the government in the Royal Palace of Surakarta’s internal conflict was considered reasonable and appropriate policy by the media. The approach to the conflict did not emphasize a strong cultural aspect of that culture-based organization. This research aimed to examine how online news media reported on the Royal Palace of Surakarta’s internal conflict. Furthermore, this research used framing analysis as proposed by Stephen D Reese to analyze the news published in February 2014. The outcome indicated that there was framing construction of the government policies. The content of the news presented that framing processes occurred. Those started from the transmission of the various debated about government policy, then reinforced through elections sentence that supported certain policy and continued to the naturalization process. The final process was an important strategy to make mediation as an accepted policy that should be done by the government. In the conclusion, the perception to be formed was that government policies were appropriate, and so everyone should hold it. The conflict resolution could be achieved through the mediation as already conducted.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 2 (2016)
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