The Qualitative Report
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1052-0147
Published by Nova Southeastern University [3 journals]
- A Narrative Inquiry: A Black Male Looking to Teach
Authors: Edward E. Bell
Abstract: The purpose of this qualitative research study was to understand how a Black male experienced the interview process while seeking a teaching position. The participant and I attempted to answer how race and/or gender played a role in his interviewing experiences. The researcher used a qualitative approach to interview this individual. Data analysis revealed major findings contributing to this Black male’s interviewing experiences: Racism played into the hiring process in subtle ways, and just because this candidate was prepared to teach, that preparation did not guarantee his employment. The findings from this narrative account might prove helpful in understanding why there is currently a shortage of Black male teachers.
PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:58:08 PDT
- “The Tourists Still Come, but They Don't Buy as Much as Before”:
Vulnerability and Resilience in Two Bay Island Communities in the Wake of
the Global Financial Crisis
Authors: Racine Marcus Brown
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to elucidate the differential recovery of household livelihood after the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in the communities of West End and Punta Gorda on the island of Roatán, Islas de La Bahia (Bay Islands), Honduras; the emphasis is on livelihoods in tourism due to its economic importance on the island. The theoretical approach is a political ecology of tourism with an emphasis on differential benefits and challenges of tourism development at the household level. The study employs a mixed methods ethnographic approach incorporating participant observation, informal interviews, and semi-structured interviews for the qualitative component. While the tourism sector on Roatán has recovered since undergoing a severe contraction in the latter part of 2009 and continuing in 2010, this recovery has been uneven, with larger tourism businesses and their employees faring better than small scale entrepreneurs.
PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:58:02 PDT
- Return to Nursing: A Meta-Synthesis of Academic Bridging Programs’
Effect on Internationally Educated Nurses
Authors: Edward V. Cruz et al.
Abstract: This meta-synthesis explored the effect of bridging programs on internationally educated nurses (IENs). Eight papers that met the inclusion criteria were selected for this review. There were 437 participants from eight studies who come from different parts of the globe and who settled in either Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or the United Kingdom. Using a grounded theory approach for data analysis, four effects of bridging programs on IENs were identified. These are: (a) the concepts from the regulatory body, the client-centred care; (b) do something better for us, for our future; (c) we have to learn English; and, (d) faculty, program coordinator and preceptors that were willing to work with them. These effects were defined and explored in light of the study samples selected for this study.
PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:57:52 PDT
- Exploring Perceptions of Goodness Among the Malaysian and Chinese
University Students: A Focus Group Study
Authors: Madiha Hashmi et al.
Abstract: The notion of goodness is implicitly central to the discourse relating to person perception. To date, no empirical research has focused solely upon understanding the notion of goodness and how it’s perceived and discerned in others. Utilizing focus group interviews, this paper explores how people perceive and interpret goodness in collectivist cultures of Malaysia and China. Findings revealed that Malaysian and Chinese participants had somewhat similar notions about goodness. “Concern for others’ welfare” was found to have the most resonance across the two nationalities as a key element in discerning goodness in others. Another category emerging from the findings was labelled as “Goodness a subjective notion” which encapsulated additional interpretations surrounding goodness. Directions for future research are discussed.
PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:57:45 PDT
- Ethnographic Experiences with Female Plantation and Apparel Workers of Sri
Lanka: A Methodological Reflection
Authors: Prajna Seneviratne
Abstract: Over the years, feminist ethnographers have engaged in a debate critiquing the practice of ethnography in the light of feminist research principles (Enslin, 1994; Patai, 1991; Stacey, 1988; Visweswaran, 1997). However, such literature has left space for further debate on whether ethnographic practices indeed are paradoxical to feminist values in research. Furthermore, while a few writers claim familiarity with conditions outside of the “west” (e.g., Enslin, 1994; Visweswaran, 1997), the majority of these debates and discussions fall outside the boundaries of the third world. As such there exists a gap between “ethnography as a way of feminist research” as prescribed by western authors and as experienced by third world feminist researchers. This paper where I reflect upon my ethnographic experiences with female plantation and apparel workers of Sri Lanka is an attempt at bringing this gap. Here I ask the question “what is the extent to which existing methodological doctrines of feminist ethnography embody the ethical political consideration as applies to third world locations”? Embedded throughout my reflective account are instances where principles of feminist ethnography had failed to fully reflect ethical political considerations specific to the third world, highlighting a need for “new knowledge on feminist methodology” that gives space for the voice of third world feminist researchers to be heard.
PubDate: Sun, 09 Apr 2017 18:40:09 PDT
- Transmission of Araquio Music, Songs, and Movement Conventions: Learning,
Experience, and Meaning in Devotional Theatre
Authors: Florante P. Ibarra
Abstract: Araquio, a verse play on the search of the holy cross, is an indigenous folk theatre in the town of Peñaranda, province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines that has survived for over a hundred years. This ethnographic-phenomenological study explores the holistic nature of the transmission and learning processes of araquio music and songs as a theatre-ritual. Its transmission as a social phenomenon is an avenue for music learning that may in fact overshadow its being a diminishing tradition. Using the framework of three modes of enculturation (Merriam, 1964) and interpretation of culture (Geertz, 1973), I investigate the music transmission and learning processes and sought to reveal how these processes were meaningful to the practitioners. Participants in this inquiry involve 21 adult practitioners, namely: 4 maestros (teachers of araquio), 3 female and 5 male personajes (characters of the verse play), and 9 musikeros (community musicians). An ethnographic method is employed using participant-observation and informal semi-structured interview script. Guiding questions have centered on how transmission and learning strategies, and meaning define these experiences. As a living oral tradition, intergenerational learning is found to be the product of transmission by enculturation occurring in the araquio and happens within genealogical generation. The practitioners, through the unspoken meaning of the tradition, have certain unspoken factors: unity of purpose, ancestral adhesion, unification of tribal strength, and shared experiences.
PubDate: Sun, 09 Apr 2017 18:40:06 PDT
- YouTube Integration in Science Classes: Understanding Its Roots, Ways, and
Authors: Rose Kayee D. Pecay
Abstract: YouTube is among the popular platforms in social media in today’s digital age. Along with this popularity and the pressure to integrate ICT in the curriculum, the myriad of benefits afforded by YouTube for the improvement of science education encourage science teachers to utilize it in the teaching-learning process. This investigation was then effected to generate an understanding of science teachers’ means and motives in using YouTube in their respective classes. Following the principles of phenomenology, two themes vis-à-vis YouTube integration surfaced. “Spectatorial” pertains to the passive use in which science teachers’ participation is limited to viewing purposes. Anent, the sub-themes “Teacher’s resource: Learning purposes” and “Teaching resource: Teaching purposes” were derived. These two establish that teachers rely on YouTube respectively to clarify concepts in lessons they find challenging and to enhance their science instruction. Yet prior to usage especially inside the classroom, science teachers subject YouTube content to meticulous scrutiny with close consideration to factors related to psychological and pedagogical principles. This is to ensure appropriateness of the material. “Participatory” on the other hand concerns the role of teachers as co-creators of YouTube by means of uploading various science materials. These findings reveal how YouTube is utilized as well as underutilized in science education.
PubDate: Sun, 09 Apr 2017 18:40:02 PDT
- What Demotivates Foreign EFL Teachers? A Case Study in Turkish Context
Authors: Turgay Han et al.
Abstract: This article is the report of a qualitative case study proposed to investigate the demotivation factors of foreign EFL teachers in Turkish context. To that end, two foreign teachers of English language were chosen as the subjects at a primary/ secondary school in east of Turkey. Face-to-face interviews, profile forms, field notes and diaries were used to obtain the necessary data for the research. The findings indicated that lack of effective communication with school administration and colleagues and lack of interest, attention and respect from behalf of students were the main causes of demotivation at work for both teachers.
PubDate: Sun, 09 Apr 2017 18:39:57 PDT
- Problematizing Reflexivity, Validity, and Disclosure: Research by People
with Disabilities About Disability
Authors: James Sheldon
Abstract: In this article, I explore the potential for people with disabilities to conduct research about disability in education. Drawing upon Rasmussen (2006), I consider whether merely sharing one aspect of identity with participants is enough to gain an emic (insider) perspective when doing research. I argue that not only should we problematize our own identity, but that research should change the researcher’s own identity and that the degree to which research promotes this change is an essential aspect of formal validity of the research. Finally, I propose some practical implications and offer some advice for researchers conducting research on disability.
PubDate: Sat, 01 Apr 2017 11:33:22 PDT
- Employer Attractiveness Through Social Media: A Phenomenological Study
Authors: Chetna Priyadarshini et al.
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to gain insights into the subjective experience and perception of job seekers about the extensive use of social media as a source of recruitment and selection by the employers and its influence on the overall employer attractiveness. Four focus group interviews were conducted, audio-taped, transcribed, and analyzed by following the procedure of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) laid down by Smith and Osborn (2007). By employing IPA, the themes which emerged under the study are: ease of information; navigational usability and user friendliness; person-job fit and person-organization fit; reliability and timeliness; positive and cost effective marketing; value creation for the employers; and privacy concern. The present study posits to assist the human resource managers in formulating strategies pertaining to social media recruitment and selection so as to create an image of attractive employer. Although IPA has been predominantly used within health psychology, it has been uncommon in the recruitment literature so far. Since IPA is a phenomenological account of an individual’s personal experience and perception about an object or event, it allowed determining the richness of job seekers’ perception and the extent to which it is similar or different across each participant groups. Also, the current study is one of the pioneers in uncovering the perception of job seekers about social media recruitment and selection process in the Indian context.
PubDate: Sat, 01 Apr 2017 11:33:16 PDT
- Qualitative Analysis Using R: A Free Analytic Tool
Authors: Samantha Estrada
Abstract: R (R Development Core Team, 2011) is a powerful tool to analyze statistical data. In recent years R has gained popularity because the software is free and open source. However, evaluators and researchers do not exclusively use quantitative data. It is possible to perform qualitative analysis in R. Using data from a case study exploring a family psychoeducation recovery course, this article provides users a tutorial on how to perform a qualitative analysis and data visualization using R.
PubDate: Sat, 01 Apr 2017 11:33:11 PDT
- Perception and Articulation of own Cultural Otherness in Elite Interview
Situations: Challenge or Repertoire?
Authors: Sarah Anne Ganter SAG
Abstract: Increasingly, researchers are conducting studies within a diversity of cultural contexts This paper discusses whether and how the researcher’s own cultural otherness plays a role in academic interview situations. The argument is based on Goffman’s theory of interaction under conditions of otherness and the empirical data from 118 interviews and notes during the years 2007 and 2010 and between 2013 and 2014. The empirical data presented in this paper illustrate how a lack of education, socialisation, and cultivation within the fieldwork context—one’s own cultural otherness—assumes ceremonial and substantial meaning in academic interview situations and merits being the subject of methodological considerations.
PubDate: Sat, 01 Apr 2017 11:33:07 PDT
- How to Conduct a Mini-Ethnographic Case Study: A Guide for Novice
Authors: Patricia I. Fusch Ph.D. et al.
Abstract: The authors present how to construct a mini-ethnographic case study design with the benefit of an ethnographic approach bounded within a case study protocol that is more feasible for a student researcher with limited time and finances. The novice researcher should choose a design that enables one to best answer the research question. Secondly, one should choose the design that assists the researcher in reaching data saturation. Finally, the novice researcher must choose the design in which one can complete the study within a reasonable time frame with minimal cost. This is particularly important for student researchers. One can blend study designs to be able to use the best of each design that can mitigate the limitations of each as well. The authors are experienced ethnographers who currently chair dissertation committees where a student has chosen a mini-ethnographic case study design.
PubDate: Sun, 26 Mar 2017 08:41:16 PDT
- Cricketing Dad: An Autoethnography into the Unknown
Authors: Peter de Vries
Abstract: The qualitative research methodology of autoethnography has been used by the researcher to explore his own lived experience as a father, specifically focusing on his experiences with his son playing cricket. As an autoethnography, the article unfolds as a first-person narrative that endeavours to connect the personal experiences of one particular father to wider social and cultural aspects of being a parent today. The narrative draws on data spanning 18 months to explore the researcher’s “unknown” world of being a cricketing Dad.
PubDate: Sun, 26 Mar 2017 08:41:13 PDT
- Developing Competency Model Using Repertory Grid Technique: The Case of
Authors: Praveen Kumar Srivastava et al.
Abstract: This paper aims to develop the Competency Model using Repertory Grid Technique. 15 Spinning Master of a large textile company in India were interviewed using repertory grid technique. The study identified 9 competencies in 3 competency clusters that are Interpersonal Relationship, Operational Efficiency and Individual Traits. The study is the first attempt to develop competency model in any textile company and can be useful in implementing competency based HR practices in the organizations. The Repertory Grid Technique used in the study helps in developing competency model in a quick and comprehensive manner that may reduce the time, labor and cost involved in the same.
PubDate: Sun, 26 Mar 2017 08:41:09 PDT
- Oooh, It’s Sooo Good!!!: Black Adolescent Females Experiencing the
Delicacy of Reading
Authors: Jacqueline B. Koonce
Abstract: Black adolescent females have largely been neglected in the research literature on their avid reading. While Gibson (2010) explained that Black girls are often portrayed in the literature as struggling and even “remedial” readers, those Black adolescent females who are avid readers receive even less attention. The purpose of this study, then, was to investigate the voracious reading proclivities of this population in order to provide a balanced view of Black adolescent females’ reading lives. The findings of this phenomenological study indicate that these five participants go beyond loving reading; they crave it. The meaning of reading for these participants is caught up in their relationships with role models, preference for solitude while reading, and the desire for social interactions after having read texts. This study is significant because it provides a different perspective on the traditional literacy of Black adolescent females.
PubDate: Sun, 26 Mar 2017 08:41:05 PDT
- Demystifying the Analysis Process of Talk Data: A Review of Analyzing Talk
in the Social Sciences: Narrative, Conversation & Discourse Strategies
Authors: Andrea E. Lypka
Abstract: In Analyzing Talk in the Social Sciences: Narrative, Conversation & Discourse Strategies, Katherine Bischoping and Amber Gazso introduce three analytical approaches to talk data: narrative analysis, conversation analysis, and discourse analysis. Taking a sociological perspective, the authors engage in critical dialogue on research that employs these approaches, and provide step-by-step guide to analyzing talk data, using these strategies. They expand on introductory qualitative research concepts by taking up the complex interrelationships among epistemological, ontological, paradigmatical, and theoretical lenses that guide these analytical strategies. Through examples from a wide range of studies and their own research and advising experiences, Bischoping and Gazso articulate various analytical approaches to talk data to demonstrate the strength of these strategies in qualitative inquiry. Despite its minor shortcomings, such as its narrow focus on three analytical approaches and prevalent focus on talk data elicited in interviews, this book offers insights and strategies for students, faculty, and researchers interested in fine-tuning approaches guided by narrative analysis, conversation analysis, and discourse analysis.
PubDate: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 14:29:25 PDT
- Teaching Irish Sign Language in Contact Zones: An Autoethnography
Authors: Noel Patrick O'Connell
Abstract: The central purpose of this autoethnographic study is to provide an account of my experiences as a deaf teacher teaching Irish Sign Language (ISL) to hearing students in a higher education institution. My cultural and linguistic background and personal history guided the way I interacted with students who found themselves confronted by a unique culture quite separate from what they had known before. By engaging in autoethnographic journal writing recorded over a period of three months, I reveal the complex social and historical relations manifested in the contact between deaf and hearing cultures in the classroom. More specifically, I consider how language conflict and different communication modes might affect teaching and learning in concrete situations. In particular, I advocate an understanding of Pratt’s (1991) “contact zone” theory to see deaf-hearing contacts not just as challenges but possibilities for new ways of understanding the experience of sign language teaching and learning.
PubDate: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 14:29:20 PDT
- Analysis of Marital Expectations in African Immigrant and United
States-Born Married Couples
Authors: Evadne Ngazimbi et al.
Abstract: The current phenomenological qualitative study aimed to understand marital expectations in married African immigrants and United States-born (U.S.-born) married couples. Eighty-five African-born immigrant and U.S.-born couples from a predominately Seventh-day Adventist sample residing in the U.S. completed the Marital Expectations Questionnaire (MEQ). We analyzed data collected in response to the first question. Data analysis revealed 12 codes associated with four themes related to marital expectations: (a) Care and Support; (b) Love and affection (c) Commitment and (d) Shared Values. We present implications for marital relationships and future research.
PubDate: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 14:29:16 PDT
- Challenges and Facilitators of Recruitment: Lessons Learned from
Conducting a Focused Ethnography in a Vulnerable Rural Population
Authors: Debra Kramlich et al.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to describe the challenges and facilitators of recruitment encountered in an ethnographic dissertation study of rural women with substance use disorders during the perinatal period. While the study is being conducted in the hospital setting post-delivery, potential participants who meet inclusion criteria are identified by practitioners through a number of perinatal practices within a wide geographic area as well as by inpatient social workers. Recruitment in this vulnerable and often socially disadvantaged population has been found to be challenging with regard to ethical approval, participant eligibility and availability, practice changes, and discrepancies in the recruitment process. The authors discuss these challenges and describe the process of practitioner engagement to facilitate participant recruitment and lessons learned in the process.
PubDate: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 14:29:11 PDT