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Journal Cover The Qualitative Report
  [1 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 1052-0147
   Published by Nova Southeastern University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Beliefs and Attitudes Toward Intimate Partner Violence in a Group of Young
           Puerto Ricans

    • Authors: David Perez-Jimenez et al.
      Abstract: In this paper we aim to describe the beliefs and attitudes young people in Puerto Rico have toward intimate partner violence (IPV). Although Puerto Rico has a high rate of IPV, little empirical research has been conducted about the beliefs and attitudes people have regarding this issue. We conducted 20 in-depth qualitative interviews with young men and women. Data was analyzed using the qualitative content analysis approach. Participants expressed that men are more violent than women because of testosterone, machismo, and alcohol and other drug use. Both male and female participants stated that they believe they have the same rights to make decisions. Participants did not express directly stereotypical attitudes and beliefs that justify IPV. However, there remains a desire in some participants to have control over where their partner is and what he or she is doing. Preventive interventions are urgently needed to promote healthier relationships among young people.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Jul 2017 07:15:56 PDT
  • How Do Former Undergraduate Mentors Evaluate Their Mentoring Experience
           3-Years Post-Mentoring: A Phenomenological Study

    • Authors: Kari L. Nelson et al.
      Abstract: This phenomenological study involves a unique, longitudinal assessment of the lived experiences of former undergraduate mentors (n=7) in light of their current experiences (i.e., career or advanced schooling). The objective of a phenomenological study is to engage in in-depth probing of a representative number of participants. Specifically, we followed up with graduates of the Nebraska STEM 4U (NE STEM 4U) intervention 3 years post-program, with the overall goal of describing the mentors’ experiences using the lens of their current experiences. This type of longitudinal perspective of mentoring is greatly lacking in the current literature. At the time of the interviews, all graduates were either in a STEM career or STEM-based graduate/professional program. Three major themes emerged: Career, inspiration, and challenges. Each of these themes was further broken down into sub-themes to describe the essence of the mentoring phenomenon for these individuals. This information may be beneficial for any programs that engage undergraduate students in mentoring.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Jul 2017 07:15:52 PDT
  • “You Can Sort of Feel It”: Exploring Metacognition and the Feeling of
           Knowing Among Undergraduate Students

    • Authors: Antonio P. Gutierrez de Blume et al.
      Abstract: Traditional research on the metacognitive practice of calibration has been primarily investigated within the realm of quantitative experimental methodologies. This article expands the research scope of metacognitive calibration by offering a qualitative approach to the growing body of literature. More specifically, the current study investigates the learners’ perspective on the calibration process. Ten undergraduate students were selected to participate in a structured interview on their previous calibration performances (five students low in calibration processing and five proficient in calibration processing). Ultimately nine students (N=9) participated in individual interviews. Participant interviews are qualitatively assessed through the mediums of (1) Serra and Matcalfe’s original work on the “feelings of knowing” and (2) self-regulated learning theory (SRL). Results indicate a difference in feelings of knowing between low and proficient calibrators across a battery of themes: effort, strategies, planning, and evaluation. Implications of the results and direction for future research are explored.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Jul 2017 07:15:48 PDT
  • Reflections on Teaching Qualitative Methods Using Team-Based Learning: An
           Exemplification by Photovoice

    • Authors: Nadia Rania et al.
      Abstract: This research article as a part of larger study intends to explore the role of teaching qualitative methods is not easy and often represents a great challenge. In this work, we describe our experience of teaching a qualitative methods course for undergraduate psychology students. In this course, we used a Team-Based Learning (TBL) approach in which we had students cluster into small groups to enhance their education by having them become more active in their learning. To teach qualitative methods, we used TBL and in this paper, we present the exemplification of this method by choosing Photovoice. The Team-Based methods may be thought of as a new approach for teaching qualitative methods at the university because it allows the students to reach relevant life skills, like reflexivity, sensitivity, and critical thinking that are relevant not only for qualitative researchers but also for the psychologists and the social service professionals.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Jul 2017 07:15:45 PDT
  • International Students’ Transition Experiences in Rural Texas: A
           Phenomenological Study

    • Authors: Ian Lertora et al.
      Abstract: Due to the growth in the number of international students attending universities in Texas and the need to provide appropriate counseling services to them, nine international students were interviewed about their experiences of transitioning from their home country to college in rural Texas. The authors employed the transcendental phenomenological approach to qualitative research (Moustakas, 1994) which allowed for the following seven emergent themes were identified that described the participants’ experiences: American TV; Knowing Someone; Like a Movie; Everybody Saying Hi; Transportation is Inconvenient; I Miss Noodles; and Being Optimistic. The emergent themes provided the basis for implications and recommendations for counseling services with the international student populations. Implications and recommendations for counselors on college campuses include, but are not limited to: actively collaborating with international student services, participating in new international student orientation services, and developing preemptive approaches to assisting international student during their transitions The authors make recommendations for further qualitative research and focus groups inquiries should be conducted by college counselors to better inform outreach services, for campus counseling and career service center, directed at assisting international students during their numerous transitions (Lértora et al., 2017).
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jul 2017 06:13:08 PDT
  • What Complicates or Enables Teachers’ Enactment of Leadership

    • Authors: Jill Bradley-Levine 8881892
      Abstract: This article presents findings from a case study that describes the ways that four teachers pursuing their master’s degree in teacher leadership engaged in leadership activities in their schools. In order to explore this purpose, this study examines two research questions: (1) How do teachers enact leadership in their schools and (2) What complicates or enables teachers’ leadership activity' Findings indicate that the norms of the teaching profession including equality and privacy affect teachers’ enactment of leadership in their schools. Teacher leaders limit their work based on their knowledge of these norms, their past experiences engaging in leadership, and the culture present in their schools.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jul 2017 06:13:05 PDT
  • Using Timelines to Visualize Service Use Pathways to Alcohol Treatment

    • Authors: Lynda Berends et al.
      Abstract: Many people in alcohol and other drug treatment are clients of other services, however there is limited consideration of the combinations and sequences of services and systems that they use. We used data visualization to analyze and re-present findings from a large research project on clients’ service use and referral sources in the year preceding alcohol treatment entry. Data were from 16 “high-end” service users with alcohol problems and analysis involved constructing individual text and timeline summaries and a visual encoding system to show service type and referral source. Three distinct service use pathways were identified and a visual model of alcohol treatment, other service use and continuity in treatment was constructed. Timelining was a useful means of developing a creative and illuminating perspective during analysis. Although there is a risk of over-simplification, data visualization appears useful for focusing on and communicating the diversity of people’s service use pathways.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jul 2017 06:13:00 PDT
  • Editors’ Perspective on the Use of Visual Displays in Qualitative

    • Authors: Norma I. Scagnoli et al.
      Abstract: Research indicates that visual displays in qualitative research are under-utilized and under-developed. This study aimed to reach a clearer understanding of this fact by learning from the perspective of seven editors in qualitative journals. Using a qualitative descriptive design this study explored what constitutes an appropriate and helpful use of visual displays, including examples from current practices, and recommendations in the use and creation of visual displays. This paper reveals new insights by experts and very knowledgeable personalities in the area of qualitative research. The experts’ vision provided information that favors inclusion of visuals in qualitative studies as well as reckons the need for enhancement of curricula in qualitative research education to involve teaching about and practicing alternative representations of data analysis including the use of visuals. This paper concludes with a new classification of visual displays based on their occurrence within a research report, and a list of the main criteria points used by editors for assessing the validity of visuals in qualitative research articles. Additionally, we include implications for qualitative researchers and educators interested to increase the use of visuals in qualitative articles.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jul 2017 06:12:54 PDT
  • Translanguaging Supports Reading with Deaf Adult Bilinguals: A Qualitative

    • Authors: Dan Hoffman et al.
      Abstract: Translanguaging is a pedagogical theory and an approach to teaching language. It conceptualizes the dynamic ways in which bilinguals use their linguistic repertoire and language practices in both languages for learning, meaning-making, reading, and writing. This study reports on the results of a qualitative study using Grounded Theory. The research question posed was, “what insights do bilingual Deaf readers provide regarding their metalinguistic processes and reading strategies used during translanguaging' To answer this question, responses were gathered from Deaf adults who were interviewed on their language and literacy histories. Further, they were queried about their reading comprehension practices using translanguaging. The researchers used videotaped interviews taken in American Sign Language (ASL) then glossed into English for analyses to examine how Deaf adults comprehended English expository texts. Based on the data analysis, the core category, “bridge to literacy” was revealed after identifying seven themes. Recommendations for future research using the translanguaging bilingual theory and practice are included.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2017 07:34:41 PDT
  • Perceptions of Athletes in Disabled and Non-Disabled Sport Contexts: A
           Descriptive Qualitative Research Study

    • Authors: Sheryl L. Chatfield et al.
      Abstract: The term supercrip suggests extraordinary feats but is sometimes applied to any proficiency demonstrated by an athlete with a disability. This use of the term potentially undermines spectator appreciation for achievements of the upper echelon of disability sports participants. Prior disability sport researchers have suggested that a comparison of individuals’ perceptions of athletic heroes with and without disabilities has potential to help disability sport marketers counter the supercrip stereotype. The purpose of this research was to explore differences in perceptions by comparing participant descriptions of role models with and without disabilities. Research participants, who consisted of undergraduate students at a large southwestern university, viewed video recorded scenarios of athletes with and without disabilities and participated in focus group interviews. Our findings supported those of prior researchers who suggested that participants were most likely to describe relatable circumstances as inspiring. Our participants also critiqued the depth of the stories presented in the scenarios based on their prior exposure to disability narratives. Disability sport marketers might benefit from emphasizing multiple elements of athletes’ backgrounds to appeal to potential consumers. Marketers should also consider that consumers might have developed preexisting expectations about style of presentation of athlete interest stories.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2017 07:34:37 PDT
  • Critical Autobiography as Research

    • Authors: Anthony Walker
      Abstract: Identity is a reflection of how people view themselves within the social structure (Campbell, 2010; Hill & Thomas, 2000). Too often these identities are mirror images of normalized labels and affiliations defined by, and through, social norms and values. Introspective of social constructs and teachings of normalcy, often times one’s identity and status is never questioned (Ramsey, 2004). Juxtaposing systemic thinking with personal knowledge, this article offers insights into the uses and contributions of critical autobiographical research as a both paradigm of research and practice. This article seeks to link the application of critical autobiography with educational practice and theory to promote social justice, identity development, and lifelong learning.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2017 07:34:35 PDT
  • “That Pain Is Genuine to Them”: Provider Perspectives on Chronic Pain
           in University Student Populations

    • Authors: Alexandra C.H. Nowakowski et al.
      Abstract: We explored provider attitudes about and experiences in chronic pain management for university student populations. Our central question was: “What do providers at a large university campus health care center experience in the process of offering pain management services'” We explored instrumental, behavioral, emotional, and attitudinal dimensions of our participants’ experiences using a qualitative case study approach. Data were gathered through semi-structured interviews with 10 health care providers at the student health center for a large research university in Florida. Interviews captured providers’ background and experiences in providing pain management to student patients with diverse needs. We used grounded theory techniques for data analysis (i.e., collaborative content analysis with open coding). Data reflect differences in perceptions of chronic pain prevalence and palliation best practices. We identified five themes: different perceptions of chronic pain prevalence, awareness of painful conditions, palliation as a contested process, importance of communication, and multidimensional perspectives. Responses varied by training, specialization, experience, and sociodemographics. Our findings mirror the broader literature on pain management. We outline priorities for further research in university health care settings, and suggest participatory strategies for translating associated findings into targeted plans for clinical care improvement.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2017 07:34:30 PDT
  • Private Universities and Development of Higher Education in Nigeria: A
           Mixed Methods Approach

    • Authors: Yusuf Suleiman et al.
      Abstract: Private university education is unarguably one of the growing trends in the education system in the world. Providing university education to citizens should not be the solitary efforts of government, but should be the responsibility of adults at all levels. The giant stride of private investment in the acceleration of university education in Nigeria is overwhelming. This paper examines the private university's contribution to the development of university education in Nigeria, focusing on the strengths, weaknesses and way forward. Basically, the purpose of the study is to highlight the areas where private universities had contributed to the advancement of university education. It carefully looked at the historical background, rationale and antagonists of private universities. Also, the paper examined the global trends of private universities. Methodologically, mixed methods approach was used for the study. Quantitatively, secondary data were collected and analyzed to establish the areas in which private universities contributes to the development of higher education in Nigeria. Qualitatively, interviews were conducted in two private universities, where teaching and non-teaching staff of the universities granted the interview. NVivo Software was used to do the transcription, coding and analysis of the interview. Findings from the two methods employed revealed that the importance of private universities cannot be under-estimated, it is akin to the advancement of university education in Nigeria. Conclusively, the activities of private universities would continue to play a positive role in ensuring that Nigerian university education is placed among the developed countries. Significantly, the study would assist private universities on how to improve their efforts for a better private university education so as to ensure quality service. Also, government should endeavour to assist private universities in the area of staff capacity building and infrastructure. Lastly, enabling environment should be provided by the government for more private investors to establish more universities in Nigeria.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jul 2017 05:39:46 PDT
  • Examining Participation among Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries and
           Disorders Using Photovoice

    • Authors: Salva Balbale et al.
      Abstract: Participation is a significant rehabilitation outcome for individuals with spinal cord injury and/or disorder (SCI/D), yet few qualitative studies have described the social aspect of disability and community participation. We used the photovoice methodology to explore perceptions and experiences related to participation among Veterans with SCI/D. We recruited a convenience sample of individuals with SCI/D at the Hines Veterans Affairs (VA) SCI/D Unit. Participants were asked to take photographs exemplifying their experiences and activities regarding participation. Within four weeks, participants returned their photographs and completed semi-structured interviews to discuss their photographs. Interview transcripts were analyzed using an inductive coding approach to identify emerging themes. Of the 18 Veterans with SCI/D who completed the initial orientation session, 9 (50%) completed the photography phase and follow-up interviews. A majority of participants were White (67%) and the mean age was 64 years. The mean duration of injury was 21.8 years, and 75% of participants were paraplegic. Most participants (78%) were community-dwelling. All participants discussed participation as a highly relevant issue in their lives. A majority of participants (67%) described sports as an example of participation. Over half (56%) emphasized the positive effects of participation (i.e., feelings of enjoyment / accomplishment) in sports as well as engaging in faith-based activities, being outdoors, and managing business- or household-related responsibilities. Barriers to participation were mobility impairments, lack of transportation and cost. Findings from this study can be used to address environmental changes or other accommodations that influence participation, both inside and outside the health care setting.
      PubDate: Sun, 09 Jul 2017 14:58:51 PDT
  • Exhibiting Resistance During an Organisational Transformation: The
           Telecommunication Industry in Ghana

    • Authors: Cyracus Badinye Bapuuroh
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore how employees reacted by the manifestation of resistant behaviours and attitudes during an organizational transformation in the telecommunication industry of Ghana. The study adopted a qualitative multiple case study using two organizations. Data was obtained primarily through interviews from twenty employees. Seven (7) participants were interviewed from MTN Ghana and thirteen (13) participants from AIRTEL Ghana. Both managers and non-managers were interviewed. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. Thematic analysis was undertaken to identify relevant themes. The main theme determined from the analysis of data is: Manifestation of resistance and the accompanying sub-themes are Active resistance and Passive resistance. The main drawback of this research is due to the fact that it was limited to only two organizations. Participant selection bias is also a limitation. The study is a contribution to resistance to change theory since there is virtually no research conducted in the area studied in Ghana especially in the telecommunications industry.
      PubDate: Sun, 09 Jul 2017 07:54:53 PDT
  • Evaluating Financial Planning Advertisements for Retirement in India: A
           Content Analysis

    • Authors: Ritu Gupta et al.
      Abstract: For Indians, retirement is neither a formal stage of life nor an issue that people dwell upon while planning their future. Despite the lack of preparation for retirement, a burgeoning population indicates a huge mass of retirees in the coming decades. These statistics trigger the need for individuals to prepare for their retirement appropriately, while accounting for factors like inflation. To highlight the significance of retirement planning and create awareness among the masses, pre-requisites to retirement planning should be effectively communicated. Extant literature suggests advertising to be one such measure of effective communication. This study intended to capture the extent and method of retirement advertisement in the Indian context using 40 television advertisements (ads) of financial institutions focusing on retirement plans. A content analysis revealed that 61% of the ads were non-informative and filled with emotional content. Though celebrity endorsements have effective impact on the Indian audience, only five advertisements used a celebrity to voice their messages. It was concluded that retirement ads need greater focus in India due to the expansive retiring population and the changing family structure in India. The study concluded that financial institutions and banks should focus on this segment and promote their product appropriately.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Jul 2017 10:37:27 PDT
  • Loneliness and Family Burden: An Exploratory Investigation on the
           Emotional Experiences of Caregivers of Patients with Severe Mental Illness

    • Authors: Francesca Dicé et al.
      Abstract: We present here an exploratory descriptive investigation about the needs of the caregivers of patients with severe mental illness (SMI) referring to a mental health service of a Southern Italian city. Twelve caregivers were queried, as experienced contacts, about their own emotional involvement and their relationship with the patient by means of a semi-structured interview. Interviews were subjected to a qualitative thematic-categorical analysis. The results reveal painful experiences of anguish and feelings of inadequacy stemming from care-giving, which gravely impact the caregivers' personal well-being and family relations.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Jul 2017 06:36:55 PDT
  • To Think or Not to Think with Theory in Qualitative Research

    • Authors: Mohamed Yacoub
      Abstract: Thinking with Theory in Qualitative Research: Viewing Data across Multiple Perspectives is a book that challenges the traditional way of analyzing qualitative data. The book invites researchers who use qualitative methods to think with theory when it comes to analyzing their data since analyzing the data with no theory in mind can make injustice to the data. Thinking with theory, however, can enrich one’s study and direct the process of the data analysis. The authors offer us six theories, as examples, to think with when analyzing qualitative data. These theories are: Derrida’s Deconstruction, Spivak’s Marginality, Foucault’s Power/Knowledge, Butler’s Performativity, Deleuze’s Desire, and Barad’s Intra-action. To clarify their approach, the authors interviewed two first-generation-scholar participants: Cassandra and Sera and analyzed their data in the chapters of the book; each chapter analyzes the data from the perspective of one of the six aforementioned theories, and each chapter is proceeded by an interlude in which the authors explicate why they have chosen this particular theory.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Jul 2017 06:36:52 PDT
  • The Learning Experience of Graduate Nursing Students: Content Analysis

    • Authors: parand pourghane et al.
      Abstract: Learning is also considered as an important which can create changes in individuals’ knowledge, attitude, values, and feelings. As learning requires a new conceptual framework where one can take decisions in which change and innovation manifests, it is evident that this conceptual realization is only possible through a qualitative research. The present study aims to explore and justify graduate nursing students’ learning experience.The present study is a conventional qualitative content analysis research which was conducted in 27 graduate nursing students studying in Guilan university of Medical sciences in Iran. The study population was selected through purposive sampling, and the data was gathered through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was performed as per the stages recommended by Graneheim & Lundman. Data strength and their scientific accuracy were evaluated, and ethical aspects of the research were also taken into consideration. Data analysis results were identified as three main themes and 10 subthemes which were named as per their nature:“effective learning,”: learning from a qualified instructor, accessible equipment and resources, awareness of teaching objectives / “Effective learning strategies”: pre-requisite knowledge before attending the class, participating educational workshops, joining group discussions, taking shorthand at home and in the class / “Decline in learning”: the difference in learners’ knowledge background, recurring lesson subjects, inappropriate time and place for learning. Graduate nursing students’ experience confirmed the necessity for provision of a proper educational framework as well as decreasing or removing the factors causing the decline in learning for the purpose of improving the quality of education at universities.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Jul 2017 06:36:48 PDT
  • Qualitative Research with Participants Suffering From Ostracism: A
           Practical Guide For the Novice Researcher

    • Authors: Daniel Waldeck
      Abstract: Being ostracized can be painful for most people, but for those who experience this persistently it can lead to severe levels of psychological distress. At present, there is a scarcity of qualitative research which focuses on this group of vulnerable individuals. This paper acts as a guide for the novice researcher who plans to research this population.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Jul 2017 06:36:45 PDT
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