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Journal Cover The Qualitative Report
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 1052-0147
   Published by Nova Southeastern University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Faculty Perceptions of Communication at an Academic Medical Center: A
           Faculty Forward Qualitative Analysis

    • Authors: Brian L. Rutledge et al.
      Abstract: The purpose of the study is to examine the faculty’s suggestions on how to improve communication at five schools in an academic medical center. The University of Mississippi Medical Center facilitated the administration of the Faculty Forward Engagement Survey by the Association of American Medical Colleges to faculty in the schools of medicine, nursing, dentistry, pharmacy, and health related professions. This survey included open-ended questions with narrative responses. On these responses to one question about communication, the authors performed the constant comparative method of grounded theory design, a foundational form of qualitative inquiry. In reviewing and coding the 201 responses, we identified recurring concepts, developed and confirmed codes, then discussed and condensed three major themes. The responses suggesting improvement in communication fell into three categories: 1. Access (to institutional leadership, dean, chair, and faculty peers); 2. Characteristics (quantity, quality, and content of communication); 3. Transparency (the “why” and “how” of decision-making, and doing what you say you will do). Because we found through the literature review that communication with and among faculty is a significant determinant of faculty satisfaction and retention, these three categories inform short-term decision making and communication improvements, but also define the area for future investigation.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2017 05:44:02 PDT
  • Folding Time, Places That Linger and Other “Queer” Modes of
           Representing Sense of Place

    • Authors: Karen A. Lambert
      Abstract: The notion that place and identity are mutually constitutive suggests that attachments to place forge attachments to self that linger over time. In order to consider the ways in which sexual identities and places influence the development of a “queer sense of place” over time I returned to an autoethnographical experience from 2002 to write about it in 2015. Then something unusual happened - time showed itself and folded to reveal the lingering affect of place, loss and identity. By drawing upon insights from then (2002) and now (2015), with sense making in between, I create an assemblage of moments crafted poetically as a conversation between myself from then and myself of now. By doing so I seek to represent the folding entanglement of conversations we regularly re-turn to make ongoing sense of our lives and highlight the brief moments of loss, sense making, and agency that emerge.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2017 05:43:58 PDT
  • Always Loved but Never Entitled: Professor Intentions to Promote
           Leadership in Women

    • Authors: Daniel R. Conn et al.
      Abstract: This article focuses on three professors from Midwestern University and how their intentions to encourage women to see themselves as leaders play out in their respective classrooms. Through educational connoisseurship and criticism we describe and interpret the ecological impacts of professor intentions in promoting women as leaders. To this end, we find the professors realize these intentions by the way in which they care for their students. In caring for their students, the professors take an “always loved by never entitled” approach, where they balance building a sense of support and confidence among their students with an understanding that leaders are forged through dedication and a willingness to speak up. It is recommended for professors and high education institutions to consider how implicit curricula could help in developing leadership qualities in women and other historically underrepresented populations.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2017 05:43:53 PDT
  • A Preliminary Investigation of Empirically Based and Spiritually Based
           Marital Enrichment Programs

    • Authors: Laura Jacobi
      Abstract: Similarities and differences of two empirically based marital enrichment programs, Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP) and Couple Communication (CC), and two spiritually based marital enrichment programs, Couples’ Temperament Workshop and Heirs Together were examined. Using published literature and observation, foundations, goals, content, and outcomes were considered. Programs contained similar goals and content, with core curriculum surrounding communication skills and conflict management. Although outcome information is unavailable upon the spiritually based programs, it is possible that these programs may be as effective as empirically based programs validated through research considering the similarities in core curriculum; however, research is needed to determine the influence of context.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 May 2017 05:43:48 PDT
  • A Content Analysis of the Leadership Styles of Steve Waugh and Sourav
           Ganguly: Leadership Lesson from the Game of Cricket

    • Authors: Pratyush Banerjee 21465 et al.
      Abstract: In this study, the researchers focus on the leadership styles of two of the game of Cricket’s most charismatic leaders of the twenty-first century – Steve Waugh of Australia and Sourav Ganguly of India in a bid to relate their styles with classic leadership theories. Both Waugh and Ganguly have been arguably recognized as the most successful cricket captains of their respective countries and have earned accolades from cricket pundits as brilliant leaders of men. In this study, a content analysis of the articles about these two legendary captains published in the highly-acclaimed Wisden almanac, electronic media such as Sportstar, Cricinfo Magazine and standard newspapers of India, Australia and other neutral countries was undertaken. The content analysis of eighty-seven articles spreading over a page length of 127 A-4 size papers revealed Waugh to be a more result-driven autocratic leader who led more by example, while Ganguly showed traits of a transformational leader who led by motivating his teammates. The study is expected to contribute to the existing body of leadership research with some new knowledge of the construct of leadership, which have been discussed at length in this paper.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 May 2017 09:53:03 PDT
  • The Application of Grounded Theory: An Example from Nursing Workforce

    • Authors: LaToya J. Lewis-Pierre 4572586 et al.
      Abstract: The application of grounded theory was the conduit to theory development in this study. The intent was to explore nurse manager, educator, preceptor, and new graduates’ perceptions of workplace readiness for new graduates entering an Intensive Care Unit. Research participants were drawn from five different ICUs: Medical, Coronary Care, Surgical, Neuroscience, and Trauma. One-on-one interviews were conducted to collect participants’ perspectives on readiness to practice in the ICU. Using grounded theory, four themes emerged giving rise to the novice nurse embracing the ICU theory (NNEIT). Reflections on the type of grounded theory used, reasons for the selection, challenges faced in the theoretical development process, modifications for future grounded theory studies, and recommendations on how to further future grounded theory studies are discussed. Information useful for new grounded theory researchers and strategies for first-time researchers to overcome the challenges of conducting grounded theory studies are presented.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 May 2017 09:52:59 PDT
  • Biography as a “Tree of Choices”: Discovering the Life Trajectories of
           Young Entrepreneurs in Russia

    • Authors: Anastasia Poylova et al.
      Abstract: The article reveals the life trajectories of Russian entrepreneurs in the context of four modern institutions of socialization which determine individual career paths—family, education, social environment and professional experience. Our empirical data were 20 semi-structured narrative interviews with entrepreneurs analyzed based on grounded theory (open and axial coding). We analyzed individual life trajectories as “trees of choices,” where the main branches are institutions of socialization, and the subsequent branches—individual life features. Finally, we showed the meanings of each institution and found out the determining role of gender and the city of socialization. The empirical output is a model of life trajectories, which we plan to test in a future survey using the strategy of mixed methods research.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 May 2017 09:52:55 PDT
  • Change in Everyday Life and in the Communication World: A Co-Constructed
           Performance Autoethnography

    • Authors: Katie Rivers et al.
      Abstract: In this paper, we use a co-constructed performance autoethnography to explore change in everyday life and in the communication world.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 May 2017 09:52:51 PDT
  • Dreaming Despite Despair

    • Authors: Tiffany S. Aaron
      Abstract: Laurence Ralph’s (2014) Renegade Dreams presents a glimpse into the lived experience of Chicago’s gang members. The author details that through various forms of injury people living in urban poverty hold dreams that motivate them through survival. This book review aims to provide an overview of Ralph’s work while offering intriguing reflections.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 18:40:50 PDT
  • Meaning of Pregnancy Terms Among African-American Women

    • Authors: Stephanie Solomon et al.
      Abstract: The concept of pregnancy intendedness is complex and may not bear the same meaning to all women. Moreover, researcher definition and women’s meaning were thought to be different. Some researchers have indicated that it is unclear how well women understand and relate to questions used by the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and how the classifications relate to women’s lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of terms such as planned and/or intended pregnancy among African-American women of childbearing age using a qualitative exploratory descriptive method. Although African-American women want children, they are three times as likely to experience an unintended pregnancy as white women. Data extracted from transcripts were coded and analyzed for recurrent patterns and themes. For this study, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980) was employed to frame interview questions and to interpret data. Findings suggest participants and partners often did not have the same perceptions or meanings of pregnancy planning or intentions. These findings have implications for research and family planning policy.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 18:40:46 PDT
  • Chandra’s Story: An Adult Education Student Journeys from Fear to

    • Authors: Robin L. Danzak
      Abstract: This article presents the story of Chandra (her real name), a middle-aged, Guyanese-American woman attending an adult education center in the Northeast United States. Chandra grew up in extreme poverty in Guyana, and was taken out of school at age eight to help meet the family’s basic needs. At age 22, she immigrated to the United States in hopes of better opportunities. Through narrative methods, Chandra’s story is constructed from 34, narrative and expository, written texts that she composed for a literacy tutoring program, as well as three, in-depth, oral interviews. The result is a moving account of Chandra’s childhood in Guyana, immigration and acculturation in the United States, and her determination to continue her education despite the obstacles she has faced.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 18:40:42 PDT
  • Women Workforce Attrition Dynamics in Indian IT/ ITES sector

    • Authors: Sharda Singh Ms. et al.
      Abstract: The objective of the study is to identify various factors responsible for women's workforce attrition in Indian IT/ITES sector. Thematic analysis was used to generate the factors affecting women's workforce attrition. For the purpose of the study, semi-structured in depth interviews were conducted with some of the women employees of different IT companies. Interviews can be broadly classified into four sections. The first section dealt with personal profiles; second part contained a discussion on the benefits provided by organizations; third part elaborates on factors responsible for women's workforce attrition; and the last part dealt with suggestions on reducing attrition rate among women's workforce in India IT/ITES industry. Thematic analysis of the interview scripts provided two broad themes, namely intrinsic factors and extrinsic factors. Intrinsic factors consist of work life balance and motherhood whereas extrinsic factors include work pressure, long working hour, faulty appraisal practices, forceful transfers, and less cooperative colleagues. The will help the IT/ITES companies to understand the factors responsible for high attrition rate among women workforce. It helps in understanding the psyche of women workforce, which in turn can help the managers to build and retain their talent pool. The study also provides a holistic view to human resource strategies and policies that accommodate the work life need of the diverse women workforce in the current business environment.
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 18:40:39 PDT
  • Grounded Theory and the Conundrum of Literature Review: Framework for
           Novice Researchers

    • Authors: Mohamed T. El Hussein et al.
      Abstract: The issue of the literature review remains a conundrum and a controversy within the discourse on grounded theory methodology. Grounded theory researchers are expected to minimize preconceptions to ensure the concept of interest is grounded in data, yet at the same time are required to evaluate existing literature to support institutional ethics and scientific review of the research proposal. In addressing this dilemma, we espouse that literature review in grounded theory should comprise a multistage nonlinear approach to the literature and introduce a framework for novice grounded theory researchers. This framework offers a reflexive, dynamic and integrative process for conducting a literature review that allows researchers to minimize preconceptions while maintaining the original intent of grounded theory methodology.
      PubDate: Sun, 23 Apr 2017 12:39:22 PDT
  • Exploring the Role of Culture in Communication Conflicts: A Qualitative

    • Authors: Sadia Deep et al.
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify religious/spiritual coping behaviors of African American women with hypertension (HTN) and explore how religious/spiritual coping influences adherence to high blood pressure (HBP) therapy in older African American women. A mixed-method research design guided this study. Twenty African American women with primary HTN were enrolled in this study using a mixed methods concurrent triangulation design. Data collection included physiologic, descriptive, and sociodemographic data. Adherence was measured using the Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy scale (Kim, Hill, Bone, & Levine, 2000), and religious/spiritual coping was evaluated with the Brief Religious/Spiritual Coping scale. Qualitative data were obtained by audiotaped interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Descriptive, physiologic data and data from questionnaires were analyzed. Five themes emerged. (a) Feelings of dizziness, lightheadedness, and feeling sick; (b) Belief in God or a Supreme Being, (c) Prayer as the primary coping mechanism, (d) Adherence conceptualized as obedience to God’s will, and (e) Need for healthcare providers to pray and provide more health information. This study provided insight into the influence of religious/spiritual coping behaviors on adherence to HTN treatment in older African American women with HTN in a rural medically underserved area. Nurses and other healthcare providers are in a key position to influence positive health outcomes in rural settings with limited resources using culturally appropriate strategies.
      PubDate: Sun, 23 Apr 2017 12:39:19 PDT
  • Enhancing Cultural Competence Among Dental Students Through Active
           Teaching and Experiential Learning

    • Authors: Linda S. Behar-Horenstein et al.
      Abstract: Dental schools are required to utilize teaching practices that increase students’ culture competence and ensure their ability to deliver equitable oral care. This study explored the impact of active teaching, an approach that offered comprehensive engagement and experiential learning. Students participated in small group activities, conducted interviews and developed reflective writings. A QUAN→qual sequential mixed method was used to analyze their reflective writings. Quantitative results indicated that students’ cultural competence was significantly enhanced. Qualitative findings showed that students recognized their unconscious biases and reported an increase of cultural competence. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of experiential learning, particularly the addition of small group discussions, in instruction aimed at enhancing cultural competence among 84 first year pre-doctoral dental students.
      PubDate: Sun, 23 Apr 2017 12:39:16 PDT
  • Teaching, Learning, and Assessment: Insights into Students’
           Motivation to Learn

    • Authors: Simon R. Walters et al.
      Abstract: This study draws upon the perspectives of sport and recreation undergraduate students in New Zealand who were involved in the design of their own assessments, and discusses the implication of the teaching and learning environment on this process. In a previous study, student criticism had emerged of current teaching strategies and assessment methods at their institution. The purpose of this current study was to directly address some of these concerns and for lecturers and students to work collaboratively to develop a more learner-centred teaching and learning environment. Students from a second-year sociology of sport paper were invited to design their own exam. A session was facilitated where learning outcomes and exam strategies were addressed. Students were then given the opportunity to create their own exam questions in a student-led classroom environment. Concurrently, students from a third-year sports coaching paper were invited to fully design their own assessments. Student experience was captured through focus group interviews. Self-determination theory (SDT) provided the theoretical lens used to examine the data, with a specific focus on how the basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) of participants were either supported or thwarted. The findings suggest that the second-year students struggled with a perceived lack of teaching direction throughout the process. However, third-year students were extremely positive about the opportunity to have ownership of their learning experience, and analysis revealed an increase in intrinsic motivation to learn. This study highlights the importance of student voice, and encourages a process that allows students to contribute meaningfully toward the design and delivery of their own programmes of study. Additionally, it provides an opportunity for a co-leadership model of students’ learning experience to emerge. Furthermore, it allows for reflection from both staff and students regarding the impact of the learning environment on student motivation to learn.
      PubDate: Sun, 23 Apr 2017 12:39:12 PDT
  • A Narrative Inquiry: A Black Male Looking to Teach

    • Authors: Edward E. Bell
      Abstract: The purpose of this qualitative research study was to understand how a Black male experienced the interview process while seeking a teaching position. The participant and I attempted to answer how race and/or gender played a role in his interviewing experiences. The researcher used a qualitative approach to interview this individual. Data analysis revealed major findings contributing to this Black male’s interviewing experiences: Racism played into the hiring process in subtle ways, and just because this candidate was prepared to teach, that preparation did not guarantee his employment. The findings from this narrative account might prove helpful in understanding why there is currently a shortage of Black male teachers.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:58:08 PDT
  • “The Tourists Still Come, but They Don't Buy as Much as Before”:
           Vulnerability and Resilience in Two Bay Island Communities in the Wake of
           the Global Financial Crisis

    • Authors: Racine Marcus Brown
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to elucidate the differential recovery of household livelihood after the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in the communities of West End and Punta Gorda on the island of Roatán, Islas de La Bahia (Bay Islands), Honduras; the emphasis is on livelihoods in tourism due to its economic importance on the island. The theoretical approach is a political ecology of tourism with an emphasis on differential benefits and challenges of tourism development at the household level. The study employs a mixed methods ethnographic approach incorporating participant observation, informal interviews, and semi-structured interviews for the qualitative component. While the tourism sector on Roatán has recovered since undergoing a severe contraction in the latter part of 2009 and continuing in 2010, this recovery has been uneven, with larger tourism businesses and their employees faring better than small scale entrepreneurs.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:58:02 PDT
  • Return to Nursing: A Meta-Synthesis of Academic Bridging Programs’
           Effect on Internationally Educated Nurses

    • Authors: Edward V. Cruz et al.
      Abstract: This meta-synthesis explored the effect of bridging programs on internationally educated nurses (IENs). Eight papers that met the inclusion criteria were selected for this review. There were 437 participants from eight studies who come from different parts of the globe and who settled in either Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or the United Kingdom. Using a grounded theory approach for data analysis, four effects of bridging programs on IENs were identified. These are: (a) the concepts from the regulatory body, the client-centred care; (b) do something better for us, for our future; (c) we have to learn English; and, (d) faculty, program coordinator and preceptors that were willing to work with them. These effects were defined and explored in light of the study samples selected for this study.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:57:52 PDT
  • Exploring Perceptions of Goodness Among the Malaysian and Chinese
           University Students: A Focus Group Study

    • Authors: Madiha Hashmi et al.
      Abstract: The notion of goodness is implicitly central to the discourse relating to person perception. To date, no empirical research has focused solely upon understanding the notion of goodness and how it’s perceived and discerned in others. Utilizing focus group interviews, this paper explores how people perceive and interpret goodness in collectivist cultures of Malaysia and China. Findings revealed that Malaysian and Chinese participants had somewhat similar notions about goodness. “Concern for others’ welfare” was found to have the most resonance across the two nationalities as a key element in discerning goodness in others. Another category emerging from the findings was labelled as “Goodness a subjective notion” which encapsulated additional interpretations surrounding goodness. Directions for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Apr 2017 07:57:45 PDT
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