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Journal Cover Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas (Andalas Journal of Public Health)
  [7 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1978-3833 - ISSN (Online) 2442-6725
   Published by Universitas Andalas Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Dominant Factor Affecting PHBS at Household in Padang

    • Authors: Ringga Rahmi Prima, Melinda Noer, Benny Hidayat
      Pages: 67 - 74
      Abstract: Healthy and clean behaviour are behaviors that made family contribute in pursuing a healthy living environment. Based on City Health Office Padang data in 2015, the implementation of healthy and clean behavior at Andalas Public Health Center work area only 3,18 %. The Purpose of this study to determine the factors associated with the implementation of Healthy and clean behaviour among household  who live in Padang. This research use mixed method design with sequential explanatory approach. Samples were choosen using cluster sampling technique amount 99 unit of Household. The quantitative data were collected by interview with questionare and analyzed using multivariate, logistic regression with 95% CI (p= 0.05). The qualitative data were collected by depth interview and analyzed using content analysis. The result of multivariate analysis showed the dominant factor is basic sanitation. Basic sanitation eligible households will increase by 5.8 times. The research suggest Public Health Center should build cooperation cross-sectors with Public Work Service Office to fulfill of basic sanitation, like the fulfill of clean water needs and adding healthy sewerage system
      PubDate: 2017-11-20
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
  • Factors Related to Sexual Behavior Among Teenager Dating in Denpasar City

    • Authors: I Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra, Putu Erma Pradnyani, Ni Nyoman Astri Artini, Ni Luh Eka Purni Astiti
      Pages: 75 - 83
      Abstract: The earlier age for dating among teenagers has an impact to increase the chance of sexual behavior. This study aimed to identify the factors related to sexual behavior among teenager dating in Denpasar City. This study was observational analytic with cross-sectional approach. Sample size was 880 students dating with sampling technique using nonprobability sampling. This study showed the proportion of teenager who had risky sexual behavior was 22,1%. Factors related to risky sexual behavior among teenager dating were aged >15 years old (OR=3,0; 95%CI=1,9-4,8; p<0,001), male (OR=3,0; 95%CI=2,2-4,2; p<0,001), education level of senior high school compared to junior high school (OR=3,9; 95%CI =2,4-6,2; p<0,001), education level of vocational high school compared to junior high school (OR=2,4; 95%CI =1,5-3,9; p=0,001), private school (OR=2,2; 95%CI=1,6-3,1; p<0,001), never accessed to health reproductive information (OR=2,0; 95%CI =1,3-3,0; p=0,001), accessed to pornography content (OR=4,1; 95%CI=2,8-6,1; p<0,001), lack of knowledge (OR=1,7; 95%CI=1,2-2,4; p=0,006), and lack of attitude (OR=3,1; 95%CI=2,2-4,5; p<0,001). There were relationship between age, sex, educational level, school status, the access of health reproductive information, the access to pornography content, knowledge, and attitude toward risky sexual behavior. Giving information comprehensively regarding reproductive and sexual health is essential approach through involving active participation from parents and teachers.
      PubDate: 2017-11-20
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
  • Malaria in Pregnancy : A Qualitative Study on Health Belief Model in Muara
           Wahau East Kalimantan

    • Authors: Ike Anggraeni Gunawan, Annisa Nurrachmawati
      Pages: 84 - 92
      Abstract: Pregnant women who infected by malaria were three times more likely to suffer from other diseases. This study aimed to explore Kutai cultural perspectives, behaviors, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits and barriers, perceived threat and cues to action associated with malaria in pregnancy. The qualitative study was conducted through indepth interviews of 37 informants consist of maternal, their husbands, health workers and local community leaders. This study revealed that malaria was not a threat because of the perception that malaria only exposed in forest. The community already had good health seeking behavior. All informants knew that malaria as a dangerous disease especially during pregnancy but no one knew malaria in pregnancy can cause anemia, low birth weight, miscarriage and stillbirth. At the individual level, almost all informants have taken preventive health behavior using mosquito nets, mosquito electric, repellent lotion, and burning dried leaves. At the community level prevention activities called gotong royong (all members of community work together) to keep the environment clean to reduce the mosquito breeding place was rarely done.
      PubDate: 2017-11-20
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
  • Effect Modification of Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors : A
           Hospital-Based Matched Case Control Study

    • Authors: Defriman Djafri, Monalisa Monalisa, Fauziah Elytha, Rizanda Machmud
      Pages: 93 - 99
      Abstract: This study aims to find the role of modifiable risk faktors toward the association between hypertension and coronary heart disease in RSUP DR. M. Djamil Padang, in 2016This match case control study was conducted from Desember 2014 to April 2015. We studied 171 samples with 1:2 ratio between the case and the control. Samples are collection using simple random sampling by matching the age and sex. Data through the medical record (secondary data) in RSUP DR. M. Djamil. Bivariate analysis showed that hypertension had OR=16,04 (95%CI 5.705-45.12), obesitas had OR=2.53 (95%CI 1.321-4.844), and hyperusrisemia had OR 2.41 (95%CI 1.292-4.516. Multivariate modeling showed that hyperurisemia had a confounder between assosiated hypertension and Coronary heart disease. Multivariate modeling showed hypertension had the highest risk to coronary heart disease. Obesity and hyperurisemia were associated between hypertension and coronary heart disease. Hypertension were considered as determinant of coronary heart disease. People are expected to manage their blood pressure to decrease the risk of coronary heart disease.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
  • The Use of LOTO (Lock-Out Tag-Out) For Preventing Occupational Accidents
           Among Heavy Equipment Mechanics

    • Authors: Aprizal Satria Hanafi, Qomariyatus Sholihah
      Pages: 100 - 108
      Abstract: Unlocked energy in the machine can cause heavy equipment to move suddenly, it can hit the mechanics that are working. LOTO devices are required in this case. LOTO is a locking and labeling system for energy sources so that occupational accidents can be prevented. This study aim to know the difference of occupational accident cases on heavy equipment mechanics before and after using LOTO devices. A quasy experiment approach was used to evaluate occupational accidents. This design uses two group, intervention group, and control group, 32 heavy equipment mechanics were given LOTO device and 32 heavy equipment mechanics were not given LOTO device.Based on pre-evaluation, evaluation 1, and evaluation 2  there is a decrease in the number of occupational accidents in the intervention group after given LOTO device. Statistical test showed there was a difference in occupational accidents before and after the use of LOTO device on heavy equipment mechanics based on type of accidents (beaten, p = 0.001), (falling, p = 0.005), (pinched, p = 0.001), (pressed, p = 0.001), (crushed, p = 0.000).LOTO devices proved to be effective in preventing and reducing the number of occupational accidents in the heavy equipment mechanics.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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