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Journal Cover Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas (Andalas Journal of Public Health)
  [7 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1978-3833 - ISSN (Online) 2442-6725
   Published by Universitas Andalas Homepage  [3 journals]
  • The Increasing of Papua People Intelegency in Papua Through DHA Intake
           With Natural Ingredients

    • Authors: Audi Satriyanto
      Pages: 9 - 18
      Abstract: In the era of globalization and free markets in 2010-2020, all societies are needed to be able to compete with other nations which had already advanced, including the readiness of Indonesian human resources who excel in order to process natural resources plentiful for the welfare of society. Currently there are no government programs through health centers to improve the quality of human resources through the development of the Maternal and Child Health. The method of the health center program in Papua can be done through two programs such as supplementary feeding program for pregnant women, nursing mothers and early age children, regularly. In addition, family education program by feeding natural foods such as chicken eggs in mountainous areas and deep sea fishing to coastal areas in Papua are also important. DHA-rich food sources such as eggs and fish in the sea is a natural substance that is easily obtained and developed in almost all areas of Papua. Both of these programs are expected to provide a brief understanding intake of DHA is important for brain growth and development of infants and toddlers in the future of the family in preparing excellent generation of the Papuan, especially in rural societies.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Household Expenditure for Java in Health Costs Compared to The Island Java

    • Authors: Wira Iqbal, Mubassyir Hasan Basri, Limawan Budiwibowo
      Pages: 19 - 25
      Abstract: The Health funding is a key element in the health system in various countries. This study aims to determine the cost of household expenditure on health in Indonesia. As well as to determine the effect of geografis location, economic status and ownership of insurance against household expenditure for health care costs in Indonesia. This research is analytic study with cross-sectional design that will explain the relationship of household expenditures for health care costs. The unit of analysis of this research is the data susenas in 2011. This study shows that the economic status, geographical location and insurance status affects the amount of health care costs households a month in Indonesia. In terms of the economic status of poor households that spending on health is considerably lower than richer households.There are significant differences between Java and outside Java, this is more evident on the rich. In terms of insurance status, type of insurance affect the amount of costs incurred, households with a health card insurance pay far less than households that have other types of insurance. This study found that household spending on health care costs in Java is higher than outside Java, and the persistence of household spending on health care costs in the poorest group in which the government has done with the guarantee program jamkesmas, Jamkesda and Jampersal.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Detection of Entamoeba sp. and Helmith Eggs From Water Sources in Urban
           Slum Area in Bandung Municipality

    • Authors: Sri Yusnita Irda Sari, M. Ersyad Hamda, Adi Imam Cahyadi Cahyadi, Jasmine Maulinda Utami, Mogenes Ravichandran, Ardini Raksanagara
      Pages: 26 - 32
      Abstract: Diarrhea is a waterborne disease due to consumption of contaminated food/water. People in urban slum area have highest risk to get diarrhea because of poor hygiene and sanitation as well as limited access to uncontaminated water. This study aimed to identify conta­mination in watersources by Entamoeba Sp and helmint eggs (Anchylostoma duodenale, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichuria) in one of urban slum area in Bandung municipality. Samples were taken from 123 watersources (74 tap water, 21 borehole, 22 dugwell and 6 spring water) which was randomly selected in 10 RW along the Cikapundung river basin in Tamansari subdistrict during period of July-September 2015. Water samples were examined by PCR to detect Entamoeba Sp and microscopic identification for helminth eggs. 90 out of 123 samples were positive for Entamoeba Sp (59 tap water, 16 dugwell, 11 borehole and 4 spring water). Helminth egg of Ascaris lumbricoides was detected from unimproved common dugwell which had very high risk of contamination. Appropriate of water treatment prior to consumption is vastly important. Physical improvement to construct improved dugwell should be done to prevent contamination from helminth eggs in watersources.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Factors Of Sanitary Hygiene Associated With The Bacteriological
           Quality Of Refill Wa-ter In Tanjungpinang

    • Authors: Weni Enjelina, M. Syahnan Purba, Zulya Erda
      Pages: 33 - 38
      Abstract: The quality of drinking water in the drinking water refill depot (DAMIU) is still low. Based on the results of bacteriological testing conducted by Puskesmas in Tanjungpinang 2015, it is known that 5 samples drinking water refill (AMIU) containing coliform bacteria. This study aims to know bacteriological quality in drinking water refill and determine Factors of Hygiene sanitasion DAMIU that associated with AMIU’s bacteriological quality in Tanjungpinang city. The study design was a cross sectional study with sample of 30 DAMIU in Tanjungpinang. Sample selection is done by proportional random sampling. Data were analyzed using Chi square test. The results showed that 20% AMIU containing germs total , but for E.coli, 100% not containing. Building sanitation, processing tools sanitation and galon sanitation most of drinking water refill already eligible and not related with germs total number, only Operator hygiene that 53% eligible and related with germs total number (p value 0,017). The study conclude that 20% AMIU containing germs total. Operator hygiene factor related with germs total. To prevent the presence of germs in drinking water refill, the operator should apply hygiene behaviour and have certificate of seminar and training about hygiene and sanitary processing of DAMIU
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Risk Factors in Host and Environment for Cervicitis Among Commercial Sex
           Workers

    • Authors: Nazarwin Saputra, Bagoes Widjanarko, Henry Setyawan
      Pages: 3 - 8
      Abstract: sexually transmitted infection (STI) remains a major health problem in some parts of the world. This study aimed to determine the host and environmental factors the effect on the incidence of cervicitis on sex workers. The study was observational case-control design with consecutive sampling technique. Risk factor for cervicitis is a history of sexually transmitted infections (p=0,0001), have couple (boy friend) different gender (p=0,014, OR=4,4; CI95%=1,3-14,3), history of oral sex/cunnilingus (p=0,003, OR=6,8;CI95%=1,9-24,8), smokers (p=0,0001, CI95%=5,6; CI95%=2,4-13,1). Condom use last sex behavior is a protective factor affecting the incidence of cervicitis (p=0,0001, OR= 0,198; CI95 %=0,07- 0,5). The conclusion of this study is to prevent servisitis at-risk groups of commercial sex workers it should avoid from exposure of agents that cause sexually transmitted infections, does not have a spouse who is not authorized (girlfriend) that leads to sex behavior, avoid behaviors oral sex / cunnilingus, no smoke. At-risk behavior should use condoms for prevention servisitis
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2016)
       
 
 
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