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  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2347-2146 - ISSN (Online) 2347-6869
Published by SOCRATES Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Sarah Kane’s Blasted Through A Psychoanalytic Lens
    • Authors: Sara Setayesh
      Abstract: Psychoanalytic concepts which pervade our daily lives help us better understand human behaviors depicted, for instance, in literary texts; in fact, a psychological approach is an excellent tool for critical analysis and for solving a work’s thematic and symbolic mysteries. Sarah Kane's Blasted, a good deal of the narrative progression deals with Ian and Cate’s psychological behavior and their romantic relationship which has important implications for psychoanalytic criticism. The characters’ behavior, narrative events, and images could be explained in terms of psychoanalytic concepts and different unconscious motives consisting of repressed wounds, fears, unresolved conflicts and guilty desires that operate in the main characters throughout this play. Applying Lacan and Freud’s psychoanalytic techniques and psychological theories one can arrive at an interpretation of the play and of the motives behind the individual behavior.
      DOI : 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00007.9
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Power, Privilege or Right
    • Authors: Muhammad Yar Tanvir; Saleem Usman Ali
      Abstract: The present research paper is an evaluation of power, privilege or right enjoyed by the men in Pakistani Patriarchal society in Attar of Roses and Other Stories of Pakistan, a collection by Tahira Naqvi. Naqvi is an emerging female Pakistani writer in English, who has used her fiction to radicalize the marginalized position of Pakistani women. The objective of this paper is to pinpoint the social and political position of patriarchal society through which woman subjugation by men becomes a power, a privilege or a right to be exercised. Radical Feminism will serve as a theoretical and conceptual framework for the apt exploration of the problematic. Naqvi has a well-organized stance to present in her stories and there is a true depiction of woman subjugation, patriarchal oppression and sense of insecurity in housewives and working ladies as well. However, Naqvi has delineated her female characters rebellious of set norms and traditions which show seeds of radicalism in our society. The tentative conclusion of this research will hint at the changing social position of men and women in our society.
      DOI : 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00008.0
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • What's Art Got to Do with Happiness in Farabian Utopia
    • Authors: Maftouni Nadia; Mahmoud Nuri
      Abstract: Farabi has put the artists on the second level of his utopia seeing them as ‘the carrier of the task of religion’. The first level, of course, belongs to God’s prophet and his successors. This might seem, at first, as some sort of religious mumbo-jumbo but with some speculation on the age Farabi was living in, one could see that it is a rarity for artists to be such noteworthy entities in a philosopher’s utopia. This philosopher, of course, is deeply influenced by Greek philosophy, as it was the case for Islamic philosophy before Abu-Hamid Al-Ghazali shattered it into pieces. The level of importance that Farabi imagines for the artists is hardly traceable in Greek philosophy or any other philosophy before him. This importance, however, comes at a price. The artist has a task like that of the prophets. In the prophet’s case, the angel of revelation bestows the rational concepts to his rational faculty and then to his imaginative faculty. The majority of people are not able to obtain rational happiness through reasoning because they are not used to implement their rational faculty. So the prophet, who is well aware of the truth, conveys the truth to peoples’ imagination through allegories and examples. The artist too, in Farabi’s eyes, is a person who can transfer rational happiness to the minds of the masses through sensible and imaginative forms.
      DOI : 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00009.2
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Critical Reflections on the Fall Narrative of Communism
    • Authors: Smrutipriya Pattnaik; C Upendra
      Abstract: The paper critically addresses the fall narrative of the narrative of the failure of the communist experiment. By doing so it makes a conviction that the great fall may have had laid down communism’s burial but had not closed the spirit of revolution and emancipation. More than being loathsome to the violence the fall narrative hangs on to liberal-capitalist-democracy’s hatred for equality and justice. The paper commits to the claim that if the idea of “return to socialism” makes no sense, equally is senseless the triumphalism debate of liberal-capitalism. Saying so the commitment is for “return to the human self” whose even distant possibility lies in socialism only.
      DOI : 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00010.9
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Interpreting and Comparing the Representations of Hermes in Ancient Greece
           and Archangel Michael in Macedonian Folk Beliefs
    • Authors: Lidija Kovacheva; Shultz Benjamin
      Abstract: This paper provides a comparative interpretation of the Ancient Greek image of Hermes as a mythological figure with the image of Archangel Michael as a highly revered Orthodox saint in modern Macedonian society. The goal of this research is to show the similarities and the differences between these two characters and how these images are understood today in modern society. By comparing the representations of these two characters, popularly accepted as soul reapers and psychopomps and regularly portrayed holding a stick, and then through the comparison of the days that mark their celebration, the aim of this paper is to show that rudiments of Macedonian folk beliefs and customs associated with this saint, although modified, are still strongly present in the Macedonian tradition.
      DOI : 10.5958/2347-6869.2018.00011.0
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000
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Heriot-Watt University
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