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Journal Cover Islamic Africa
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     ISSN (Print) 2333-262X - ISSN (Online) 2154-0993
     Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [361 journals]
  • Negotiating Islamic Revival: Public Religiosity in Nouakchott City
    • Abstract: <p>By Elemine Ould Mohamed Baba Moustapha</p> There has been a striking emergence in recent decades of new signs of public religiosity in Nouakchott, Mauritania. The most fundamental question is how does a long-established Islamic tradition1 of Moorish society2 negotiate more recent Islamic currents, which have affected Nouakchott city predominantly throughout its daʾwa category.3In other words, how does a practice of Islam nurtured by many centuries of a specific Saharan environment and scholarship react to the waves of Islamism that have washed across Nouakchott since the 1970s' To what extent do new forms of religious expression in Nouakchott’s public space fit into the Moorish society’s historical legacy' Are they acting as a complementary process or in ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.moustapha.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Nouakchott (Mauritania)
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Localizing Fulbe Architecture
    • Abstract: <p>By Mark Dike DeLancey</p> Identifying and defining Fulbe architecture has proven a difficult task for African art historians. The Fulbe are a people commonly thought to have originated on the west coast of Africa, but who have spread widely across West and Central Africa.1 They are closely associated with the raising of cattle, and have also played a central role in the spread of Islam in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in the last three centuries. From the west coast, the Fulbe spread east across the continent over the centuries with the principle aim of locating new pastures for their cattle. In many places, groups of Fulbe have settled and at times come to rule over their adopted lands. Such is true in the Fouta Djallon region of ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.delancey.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Vernacular architecture
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Unveiling Modernity in Twentieth-Century West African Islamic Reforms by
           Ousman Murzik Kobo
    • Abstract: <p>By Marie Miran-Guyon</p> Ousman Kobo’s book is a comparative history of Wahhabi movements in Burkina Faso1 and Ghana2 from their origins in the late colonial period through their expansion, decline, and later transformation in the first fifty years of independence. In the footsteps of Lansiné Kaba’s pioneering study,3 the author uses the term “Wahhabism” in a nonreified and neutral sense, against the narrow and derogative inflection given by some local detractors. Kobo refers to Wahhabism to broadly name a new turn in Islamic reform in the decisive context of West Africa’s sociopolitical transformations in the mid- to late twentieth century. Going beyond generic conceptualizations, Unveiling Modernity in Twentieth-Century West African ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.miran-guyon.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Wahhābīyah
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Al-Shabaab in Somalia: The History and Ideology of a Militant Islamist
           Group, 2005–2012 by Stig Jarle Hansen
    • Abstract: <p>By William Reno</p> Stig Jarle Hansen is to be lauded as an expert on Somalia who gets beyond the echo chambers of conferences and the agendas of websites, wading instead into the real world of Somali society and the critical role that Al-Shabaab plays in it. The product of his hard work provides the reader with a superb analysis of Al-Shabaab’s ideological and operational mainsprings and the effect that this organization has had on Somalia and the region.The author paints a picture of an armed group that at once is remarkably successful at the same time that it falls prey to repeated failures. The detailed description of how Al-Shabaab actually governed in areas that it controlled by 2009 provides concrete details about what kinds ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.reno.html">Read More</a>
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Essentials of Ibadi Islam by Valerie J. Hoffman
    • Abstract: <p>By Hussam S. Timani</p> The Essentials of Ibadi Islam is a long-overdue overview of one of the most understudied and misunderstood sects in Islam. Having emerged in the early Islamic period, Ibadism, a sect that is neither Sunni nor Shiʾi, is influential today mainly in North Africa and Oman and is rich not only in history, but also in theology, philosophy, and jurisprudence. Although several works on Ibadism do exist in the English language—most notably Adam R. Gaiser’s Muslims, Scholars, Soldiers: The Origin and Elaboration of the Ibadi Imamate Traditions—none of them explains Ibadi theology. Valerie J. Hoffman, whose volume is the first book-length work on the theology of modern Ibadism in English, has done a superb job in introducing ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.timani.html">Read More</a>
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Developing Materials for a Digital Library Gallery
    • Abstract: <p>By Catherine Foley</p> As is evident from the annotated webography compiled by Peter Limb for this issue of Islamic Africa, the number of digital libraries focused on Islam in Africa has been increasing in recent years. As part of this trend, Africanist scholars at Michigan State University (MSU) and Indiana University have partnered with Matrix: The Center for Digital Humanities and Social Sciences at MSU and collaborators from Harvard, James Madison, and Boston universities to create free multimedia digital libraries of research materials collected by scholars in the field. Funding for these digital libraries was provided by TICFIA, the Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign Information Access program of the Department ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.foley.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Islam
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Islamic Africa: A Select, Annotated Webography
    • Abstract: <p>By Peter Limb</p> In selecting resources, so as to facilitate the widest access to scholarly resources, I have given priority to “open source” sites that anyone may access. However, the exigencies of contemporary publishing and maintaining large amounts of data mean that a range of both proprietary and member-only resources now exist on Islam in Africa, and these are included. They are marked with an asterisk or double asterisk respectively. The emphasis is on scholarly resources. I have drawn in particular on web resources on Africa indexed in guides at three universities.1The geographical and chronological scope of this select survey of digital resources is primarily West (or western) Africa, and the nineteenth and twentieth ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.limb.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Islam
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Muslim Societies in West Africa: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
           in Digital Form
    • Abstract: <p>By David Robinson</p> As the readers of this journal know well, West Africa has included Muslim societies and practices for over a thousand years. Parts of the region have become majority Muslim over the last few centuries. Some have adopted Arabic as their primary written and spoken language, while others have adapted the Arabic script to writing, reading, and reciting their own first languages. Most practice the faith with understanding and devotion. But these facts and sequences are little understood beyond the practitioners themselves and a few academics scattered across the world. If observers think of West Africa and Islam today, they are more likely to consider distortions of the faith, such as the Boko Haram movement in Nigeria ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/islamic_africa/v005/5.1.robinson.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Islam and civil society
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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