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Journal Cover International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2330-1201
     Published by Los Angeles International University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • From Editor

    • Authors: Royi Carmeli
      Abstract: From the Editor…     The third issue of INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of ADVANCED MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH and REVIEW (IJAMRR) is ready.   After the second issue, we managed to get indexed under the most reputable international indexes. Especially, in 2014, we managed to be indexed in European indexes such as Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (EZB), Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) and Zeitschriftendatenbank (ZDB). Also, IJAMRR has strated to be indexed in worlds biggest university libraries such as Bibliothekssystem Universität Hamburg and Georgetown University Library.   With all efforts, we are waiting for new researches for our next volume that will be published. Thanks…
      PubDate: 2014-05-20
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2014)
  • Organizational Citizenship Behaviors In Small And Medium Enterprises In
           The Context Of Leadership Behavior

    • Authors: Zeki Yuksekbilgili, Tuncay Kararti
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to find out “What is the effect of different types of leadership behavior on organizational citizenship behavior shown by employees within small and medium enterprises” Past literature research in the field of small and medium enterprises shows that SMEs research is related to the human research management. Most of past research about leadership behavior has been done on large organization. A little level of research about leadership behavior has been done on small and medium level enterprises. The question arises that leadership behavior on large organizational are same as in small and medium enterprises or different. Due to the personal and close relationship, short communication, informality and hierarchy structure cause the leader to behave in different way within small and medium size enterprises. These factors have a different effect by the leader toward their employees which is helpful to motivate the employees to perform beyond the requirement. It is expected that transformational leaders have a strong and positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior shown by employees as transformational leader encourage the employees in order to perform beyond the requirement. It is also expected that contingent rewarding leadership behavior have positive effect on employees to show organizational citizenship behavior because after getting reward upon their performance, they feel more motivated to perform more than the requirement. Management by exception has two categories which are active behavior and passive behavior. It is expected that management by exception active have a positive effect because he works in an active way. He can find mistakes, failure and errors before its effect and try to solve these mistakes, failure and error as soon as possible. It is expected that management by exception passive have negative behavior because passive leader waiting for mistakes, failures and errors. Trust is also an important factor between leadership behavior and employees. It is accepted that some certain degree of trust motive the employees to show organizational citizenship behavior. Next to this it also help the employees to perform beyond the requirement. The data were collected from the past researcher in order to find out results. Past research shows that when firm face serious problems or mistake, errors or any failure leader should be there in order to solve problems, mistakes, failure and error. Leader in small and medium enterprise are required to give the authority to the employees in order to solve problems themselves. Leader should also create certain level of trust which is encouraging the employees to show organizational citizenship behavior. Most of leader in small and medium enterprises do not know about their effect on employees. This research is based on past research. This research make aware the leader, how to influence the employees to show organizational citizenship behavior.
      PubDate: 2014-05-20
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2014)
  • Incentives and Risks in Relationships Between the Principal and the Agent

    • Authors: Vigen Minasyan
      Abstract: The paper addresses a basic model of moral hazard (risk) [Gibbons, 2010; Gibbons, 2005] and suggests some of its modifications. In the basic model of moral risk, questions are put and examined that have not been considered in the previous researches. In particular, it is proved that the level of agent's efforts that maximizes its expected utility coincides with the level of efforts that minimize the risk of obtaining this maximum utility. Modifications of the moral risk model are considered where the optimal behavior of the principal and the agent considerably differ from the respective behavior in the moral risk model. The paper introduces moral risk measures VaR for the principal and VaR for the agent that specify the qualitative assessments of risk on the part of the principal and the agent in their relationships.
      PubDate: 2014-05-20
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2014)
  • Employment Enhancing Integrative Graduate Education Model

    • Authors: Ismail H. Genc, Mustafa Copoglu
      Abstract: There is a strong call to look for approaches to integrate business and engineering education across disciplines to provide a more coherent system for students with the job market. As graduates fail to find satisfying employment, the value of college education is questioned. The unemployment of the highly educated has economic, social and political ramifications. Worst is when the highly educated unemployed takes up lower status jobs, ever reducing the quality of the job market with future consequences. In this study, we concentrate on ways to enhance students’ competitiveness in the post-graduate environment by proposing a curriculum to yield viable business proposals. Our model is for business or engineering students willing to pursue a master’s degree without PhD. We go beyond the compartmentalization of the current educational system to increase employability, particularly self-employment. Rise in productivity is a side benefit since there is a strong correlation between productivity and welfare.
      PubDate: 2014-05-20
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2014)
  • A Research On Analyzıng School Executıves' Inclinations
           Related To Movements of Education Philosophies

    • Authors: Ismail Eraslan
      Abstract: This study analyzes perspectives of primary, secondary and high school executives affiliated to Turkish Trabzon Directorate of National Education, on ideas of education philosophy. 100 school executives officiating in the province of Trabzon participated in the research. Data were collected through a scale involving a total of 40 principles related to philosophical movements of prennialism, essentialism, progressivisim and re-constructionism. The KMO (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin) value of the scale has been determined as 0,87 and the Cronbach alpha, 0,73. In addition, the data acquired from the research concluded the reliability coefficient of the scale as 0,78. The data were analyzed using the SPSS computer program and their frequencies and percentages were analyzed. It has been observed in the research results, that school executives held a positive attribute towards the philosophical movements of prennialism, essentialism, progressivisim and re-constructionism.
      PubDate: 2014-05-20
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2014)
  • Meditation In The Emotional Intelligence Improvement Among
           Russian-Speakıng Migrants In Germany

    • Authors: Sergey Afanasyev
      Abstract: The analysis of meditation as a factor of an individual’s psychological and emotional well-being as well as the comparison of main emotional intelligence quantitative measurement methods and the justification of the method used in the study were performed. Main features of the migrants’ social-psychological adaptation were considered. The key role of interpersonal emotional intelligence competency in migrants’ social-psychological adaptation process was identified. The interrelation between meditation practice and dynamics of migrants’ emotional intelligence was found.
      PubDate: 2014-05-20
      Issue No: Vol. 2 (2014)
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