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Journal Cover Research & Reviews : Journal of Dairy Science and Technology
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2349-3704 - ISSN (Online) 2319-3409
   Published by STM Journals Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Status and Market Potential of Oats-Based Fermented Milk Products
    • Authors: K. M. Gawai, S. Balakrishanan
      Abstract: Fermented milk is considered best career of probiotics with its nutritive composition and natural buffering capacity. Positive health effects of fermented foods and especially of those with probiotic microorganisms are reported in many recent publications. Most common food matrices used to deliver probiotic are dairy-based products; plant-based foods, dried formulations and blended products. In connection with these health effects of probiotics ingredients such as WPC, WPI, and Na-Cn improve nutritional values and biological effects of yogurt on health. It could be interpreted that nutritional components from milk, oat (Avena sativa L.) and probiotic bacteria could be a novel concept of designing a functional food. Limited reports are available with regards to the development of fermented product using oat components and milk to produce yoghurt-like products. Keywords: Oats, fermented milks, market, health benefits, β-glucanCite this Article Gawai KM, Balakrishanan S. Status and Market Potential of Oats-Based Fermented Milk Products. Research & Reviews: Journal of Dairy Science and Technology. 2017; 6(2): 1–6p. 
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Significance of Butyrophilin Gene in Relation to Milk Constituents in
           Dairy Animals
    • Authors: Poonam Ratwan, Manoj Kumar, Vikas Vohra
      Abstract: Butyrophilin (BTN1A1) is a QTL candidate gene that affects milk yield and milk composition (fat) in dairy animals. It has a tissue-specific expression in lactating mammary tissue and gene product BTN1A1 function in secretion of milk fat. BTN1A1 is classified into transmembrane proteins of immunoglobulin family. BTN1A1 constitutes more than 40% by weight of total protein associated with fat globule membrane of bovine milk. BTN1A1 is synthesized as a peptide of 526 amino acids with an amino-terminal hydrophobic signal sequence of 26 amino acids which is cleaved before secretion in association with milk fat globule membrane (MFGM). Among health beneficial components of MFGM is cholesterolemia-lowering factor, inhibitors of cancer cell growth, vitamin binders and inhibitor of various bacterial diseases. The gene frequency of polymorphism in BTN1A1 gene has been found to vary among dairy animals. Association studies relates BTN1A1 gene with high milk yield, fat content and protein yield in dairy animals. These associations provide insight into gene polymorphisms that can be used for selection of superior dairy animals. Keywords: bovine, butyrophilin, milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), milk fat secretionCite this Article Ratwan P, Kumar M, Vohra V. Significance of Butyrophilin Gene in Relation to Milk Constituents in Dairy Animals. Research & Reviews: Journal of Dairy Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 24–30p.

      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Electrospun Structures for Dairy and Food Packaging Applications
    • Authors: Gaurav Kumar Deshwal, Narender Raju Panjagari
      Abstract: Electrospinning is an electrostatic fiber fabrication technique, in which a nonwoven mat of long fibers can be assembled into a three-dimensional structure due to bending instability of the spinning jet. Owing to its versatile nature and potential for applications in diverse fields including food packaging has been gaining more interest. It is a flexible and easy tool for producing ultrathin sized by applying electrical force. In this process, altering the spinning solutions and process parameters could lead to fiber production with different properties enabling scope for different applications such as gas sensors, antimicrobial structures, water absorbing pads, etc. Keywords: Electrospun, food, fibres, packagingCite this Article Deshwal GK, Panjagari NR. Electrospun Structures for Dairy and Food Packaging Applications. Research & Reviews: Journal of Dairy Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 17–23p.

      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Sexed Semen: A Boon for Indian Dairy Farming
    • Authors: Talokar Amol J., Rajalaxmi Behera, Laishram Arjun Singh, Ajoy Mandal
      Abstract: The sexed semen technology is a breakthrough technology for sorting of X and Y bearing chromosome to produce progeny of a desired sex with 80–90% accuracy. Among several methods of sorting X and Y bearing semen, flow cytometry is the best method, as it doesn’t changes more sperm morphology. The sexed semen technology has several advantages like production of more female calves and more milk, lowered risk of dystocia, increased efficiency of progeny testing (PT), embryo transfer and in-vitro fertilization program. However, involvement of high cost and reduced conception rate with sexed semen are the major hurdles in adoption of this technology. In India, first male calf named Shreyas was born on 1st January, 2011 using sexed semen. After that predetermined sex of female as well as male calves were born. Sexed semen with proper management practices on dairy farms will help to grow herd internally with improved traits of female calves. Thus, with more organized dairy farming, the demand for sexed semen is expected to rise in near future. Keywords: Sexed semen, flow cytometry, X and Y chromosome, sperm sexing, dairyCite this Article Talokar Amol J, Rajalaxmi Behera, Laishram Arjun Singh et al. Sexed Semen: A Boon for Indian Dairy Farming. Research & Reviews: Journal of Dairy Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 10–16p.

      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Coat Colour and Sex on Carcass Characteristics of Local Rabbits
           in Northern Region of Ghana
    • Authors: Shuaib M.A. Husein, Jakper Naandam, Serekye Y. Annor, Peter T. Birteeb
      Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the effect of coat colour and sex on carcass characteristics of local rabbits in the northern region of Ghana. Data were collected on 24 rabbits (12 males and 12 females) from six colour varieties. Animals were slaughtered according to standard abattoir procedure and parameters recorded were live weight, bled weight, skinned weight, hot carcass dressing weight, lung weight, heart weight, liver weight, kidney weight, empty intestine weight and cold carcass dressing weight. Carcass data were analyzed using GLM of SPSS to investigate the effect of colour variety and sex on carcass measurements. The effect of colour variety was not significant (p>0.05) for all parameters measured. Sex was a highly significant (p<0.01) source of variation for hot carcass dressing percentage and empty intestine weight. The males had higher (p<0.01) hot carcass dressing percentage (50.57%) than the females (47.43%), and higher (p<0.05) cold carcass dressing percentage (47.04%) than the females (44.56%). However, the females had significantly (p<0.05) heavier liver weight (47.13±2.4g) and significantly (p<0.01) heavier empty intestine weight (104.03± 5.7g) than the respective values of 40.12±2.3g and 82.78±2.5g for the males. Conclusively, coat colour of rabbits showed no substantial differences in all carcass characteristics while males had higher carcass dressing percentage (both hot carcass and cold carcass) than the females). Keywords: Dressing percentage, meat, slaughter, weightCite this Article Shuaib MA Husein, Jakper Naandam, Serekye Y. Annor, et al. Effect of Coat Colour and Sex on Carcass Characteristics of Local Rabbits in Northern Region of Ghana. Research & Reviews: Journal of Dairy Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 5–9p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Role of Dairy Farming in Irrigated Ecosystem: A Village Level Case Study
           from Eastern India
    • Authors: R. Bera, A. Seal, T.H. Das, D. Sarkar, R. Roy Chowdhury
      Abstract: Dairy farming is one of the important components of irrigated ecosystem and plays a major role towards sustaining agricultural livelihoods. In the present study, a detailed survey was conducted regarding the livestock potentials of the farmers in irrigated ecosystem in relation to the socio-economic status. Maintenance of dairy and related economics was evaluated for each socio-economic class as well as the constraints perceived by each group of farmers. While in case of large and medium farmers, absence of proper and organized marketing facility is one of the major constraint, lack of infrastructural facilities like breeding, health care etc. are major setbacks for small and marginal farmers. However, dairy forms an important livelihood component for the farmers especially for small and marginal classes in the irrigated ecosystem.   Keywords: Farmers class, economics, constraints of dairy farmingCite this Article Bera R, Seal A, Das TH, et al. Role of Dairy Farming in Irrigated Ecosystem: A village level case study from Eastern India. Research & Reviews: Journal of Dairy Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 1–4p. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
 
 
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