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Journal Cover   Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2349-3690
   Published by STM Journals Homepage  [61 journals]
  • Immunohistochemical Detection of c-Myc in Lungs of Sheep with Ovine
           Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma
    • Authors: B.B. Manasa, V. Rama Devi, K. Satheesh, K. Lakshmi Kavita, P. Suresh, E. Janardhan Yadav
      Abstract: Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma, a naturally occurring lung cancer of sheep was diagnosed in seventeen cases at slaughter houses. Lung tumor tissues and associated lymph nodes were collected for histopathological and immunohistochemical studies. Histologically, the lung sections from OPA cases revealed areas of non encapsulated proliferation of alveolar epithelial cells in papillary or acinar pattern. Polyploid ingrowths were also noticed into the bronchioles. On immunostaining of lung sections, JSRV-MA protein was detected in the neoplastic cells confirming the JSRV infection. There was a strong nuclear labelling for
      c-Myc in most of the neoplastic cells indicating dysregulation of this particular oncogene in OPA. Keywords: Sheep, OPA, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, c-MycCite this Article B.B.Manasa, V.Rama Devi, K.Satheesh et al. Immunohistochemical Detection of c-Myc in Lungs of Sheep with Ovine Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(2): 14–17p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-07-20
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass
           Traits
    • Authors: Abdel-Hamid T. M, Dawod A
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ambient heat stress (30 ± 2°C) on three rabbit breeds of both sexes. Rabbit of four weeks age of both sexes were enrolled in 3*2 factorial experiment. The animals were grouped into three groups 49 New Zealand white (NZW), 34 Californian (CAL) and 46 Rex (RX). Each group were sub-grouped into two sex sub-groups. The fortnightly growth performance (live body weight (BW), body weight gain (WG), and average daily gain (ADG)) were estimated. Moreover, by the age of 10th week,   body length (BL); thoracic circumference (TC); abdominal circumference (AC); thigh circumference (THC); ear length (EL) and ear width (EW)) and some carcass traits (skin  weight, liver, heart with lung and trachea, kidneys, peri-scapular and peri-renal fat, hot carcass weight (HCW) and dressing-out percentage (DO%)) were recorded. The results of this study revealed that, the live body weight (BW) and average daily gain (ADG) of NZW (1130±18.1 g and 26.91±0.43 g/d, respectively) and RX (1120±16.4 g and 26.67±0.39 g/d, respectively) were significantly higher (P<0.01) than that of CAL (997±21.2 g and 23.75±0.50 g/d, respectively). The RX rabbits were significantly higher (P<0.01) for abdominal circumference (AC) and ear width (EW) compared with NZW and CAL. Significantly improved (P<0.01) dressing-out % (DO%) was recorded for CAL (60.03±0.37%) if they compared with NZW (58.46±0.33%) and RX (58.43±0.35%). In conclusion, breed variations had been evidenced for almost of growth, body measurements, and some of carcass traits, as NZW and RX showed better weight gain and average daily gain compared with CAL. However, CAL and NZW rabbits have lower body weight at slaughter than RX; they have the highest DO%. Keywords: Rabbit, New Zealand White, Californian, body measurements, carcassCite this Article Abdel-Hamid TM, Dawod A. Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass Traits, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2):7–13p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Mixed Lipoma in a Cow
    • Authors: sanjiv kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, Raj Kishore Sharma
      Abstract: In the present study an adult cow was brought to TVCC, Bihar Veterinary College, Patna with a large lump about 10 inches in size on the  left lateral aspect of anus. The lump started as a small nodule and gradually developed in a large mass. No treatment before was tried. Externally multiple warts like eruptions were found on the surface of the growth with many bleeding areas. Histopathological examination of the collected sample was done and it was diagnosed to be a case of mixed lipoma. After confirmation it was surgically removed and no further reoccurrence was reported. Keywords: Cow, mixed lipoma, mature fat cells, collagen fibres, spindle cellsCite this Article Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, et al. Mixed Lipoma in a Cow, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 4–6p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested
           with Demodex canis
    • Authors: Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, G. D. Singh, Ramesh Tiwary, S. Samantaray
      Abstract: The study was conducted on fifteen dogs (n = 8 demodicosis, n = 7 healthy) brought to Veterinary Clinics, Bihar Veterinary College Clinics to determine Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in erythrocyte of Demodex canis infested dog. Activity of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration were estimated in erythrocytes of dogs. Activity of CAT, SOD and TBARS concentration were higher in infected dogs than healthy dogs while and GSH concentration was higher in healthy dog than infected dogs. The results of the present study suggest that Demodex canis infestation cause oxidative stress in erythrocyte of dogs. Keywords: Demodex, SOD, GSH, Antioxidant, CATCite this Article Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, Singh GD., et al. Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested with Demodex canis. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 1–3p.

      PubDate: 2015-06-22
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Hematobiochemical Alteration in Naturally Infected Cattle with Fasciola
           under Tropical Region
    • Authors: Anil Gattani, Ajeet Kumar, G. D. Singh, Ramesh Tiwary, Anil Kumar, Arvind Kumar Das, S. Samantaray
      Abstract: Fascioliasis is among one of the emerging and re-emerging disease which has zoonotic importance and spread by feco-oral route. The migrating fluke causes extensive liver damage results in economic burden to the animal farmer. In present investigation 20 cattle were used to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alteration in naturally acquired fasciola infection and without other diseases. Decreased Hemoglobin, Packed cell volume (PCV), Red blood cells (RBC) count whereas; an elevated level of Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) was observed in infected cattle. Hypoproteinemia, hypoalbunemia and hypoglycemia was recorded in infected cattle. The activities of serum enzyme Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine amino transferase (ALT), Gamma-glutamyl tranferase (GGT) and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were increased in fasciola infection.Keywords: Fasciola, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, GGTCite this Article: Anil Gattani, Ajeet Kumar, Singh G. D., et al.; Hematobiochemical Alteration in Naturally Infected Cattle with Fasciola under Tropical Region; Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 20–23p. 
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Dystocia Due to Foetal Anasarca in Nellore Sheep: A Report of 5 Cases
    • Authors: K. Ramachandria, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Devi Prasad
      Abstract: Five Nellore ewes were presented to veterinary hospital with history of dystocia with full term pregnancy. As field veterinarian handled it with traction and failed, caesariotomy was conducted as per the procedure and the oversized fetuses were delivered.The ewes were maintained post-operative measures and recovered. All the delivered fetuses were showing conditions of foetal anasarca along with other anomalies like cleft palate, reduced body cavity short legs and atresia ani.Keywords: Dystocia, nellore sheep, foetal anasarca, caesariotomy, cleft palateCite this Article: K. Ramachandriah, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Devi Prasad. Dystocia Due to Foetal Anasarca in Nellore Sheep – A Report of 5 Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 17–19p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Dystocia in Nellore Brown Ewe Due to Breech Presentation of Twin Lamb
    • Authors: K. Jyothi, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, K. Sai Gunaranjan, M. Mutha Rao
      Abstract: A Nellore Brown ewe in its first parity was presented to the clinic with a complaint of abdominal straining. Previous day it delivered a live male lamb. Abdominal palpation revealed presence of another lamb. Per vaginal examination revealed breech presentation of lamb. Both rear legs brought into birth canal and a dead female lamb removed with gentle traction. Prolonged dystocia may lead to death of lamb and economical losses, if presented early the lamb losses can be lowered.Keywords: Breech presentation, traction, dystocia, nellore brown, fetalCite this Article: K. Jyothi, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, K. Sai Gunaranjan, M. Mutha Rao. Dystocia in Nellore Brown Ewe Due to Breech Presentation of Twin Lamb. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 14–16p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-10
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Pneumovagina in A Buffalo: A Case Study
    • Authors: S. Bhakthavatchalam, B. SomaSekhar Reddy, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy
      Abstract: The present communication reports a case study on pneumovagina in a buffalo associated with froathy urine and uterine discharges. Condition was diagnosed on the basis of per rectal and clinical examination. It was treated with course of antibiotic and other supportive therapy. The buffalo was free from infection after 20 days of therapy, but recurrence was noticed after six months of therapy.Keywords: Bubalus bubalis, pneumovagina, metritis, repeat breederCite this Article: Bhakthavatchalam S, Reddy BSS, Reddy YVP. Pneumovagina in A Buffalo – A Case Study. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 12–13p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-07
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Successful Management of Mummified Foetus in a Non-Descript Buffalo
    • Authors: G. Kamalakar, M. Mutha Rao, A. Ganeshan
      Abstract: The present case report explicates the therapeutic management of foetal mummification in a pluriparous non-descript buffalo which was characterized by prolonged gestation. The case was successfully handled with combination therapy using hormones and corticosteroids, which recovered without any post-operative complications by preserving the future fertility.Keywords: Foetal mummification, non-descript buffalo, PGF2α, corticosteroidsCite this Article:Kamalakar G, Rao MM, Ganeshan A. Successful Management of Mummified Foetus in a Non-Descript Buffalo. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 9–11p. 
      PubDate: 2015-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Perineal Hernia in a Buffalo Heifer: A Case Report
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, B. Chandra Prasad, G. Kamalakar, R. Mahesh
      Abstract: A very rare case of perineal hernia has been recorded in a graded Murrah buffalo heifer calf. Chronic diarrhoea and tenesmus were thought to weaken the pelvic diaphragm and subsequent trauma lead to herniation of pelvic viscera like urinary bladder and a loop of large intestine. The herniation was bilateral appearing on either side of the anus. Herniorrhaphy was carried out under local analgesia and no recurrence was noticed thereafter.Keywords: Perineal hernia, buffalo heifer, chronic diarrhoeaCite this Article: Prasad VD, Prasad BC, Kamalakar G, et al. Perineal Hernia in a Buffalo Heifer: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 5–8p.
      PubDate: 2015-03-26
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Management of Assets and Consumables Purchase for Quality Semen Production
    • Authors: G.K Mishra, R.P. Tiwari
      Abstract: India has 51 semen stations (Central Monitoring Unit constituted by Government of India Statistics, 2011) in different states including government, cooperative and private. With the prime objective to produce quality semen, these semen stations need to have proper processing of semen which requires good quality equipments and laboratory consumables. To produce top quality semen, specific make requirements with quality standards are purchased with higher rates based on the recommendation of purchase committee whereas routine materials are purchased on lowest rate quotation basis. Quarterly purchase practice in consultation with Veterinarian related to semen production is beneficial over and above the monthly or yearly purchase as to avoid frequent shortfall and deterioration in quality due to long storage.Keywords: Consumable, equipment, purchase, semen productionCite this Article: Mishra GK, Tiwari RP. Management of Assets and Consumables Purchase for Quality Semen Production. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 1–4p.
      PubDate: 2015-03-24
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Therapeutic Studies of Levamisole Hydrochloride on Clinical Cases of
           Bovine Papillomatosis
    • Authors: Pavan Kumar C, Syaama Sundar N., Soma Sekhar Reddy B
      Abstract: The study was conducted on 48 cross breed cattle which were identified as clinical cases suffering from cutaneous papillomatosis (warts). Lesions were found as clusters especially on the shoulders, head, neck, udder, teats, dewlap, eyes and in the ear canal. The ailing cattle (n = 48) were given Levamisole @ 2.5 mg/kg body weight orally for six days as per the schedule (1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 16th day). Gradual changes like reduction in size, color, dryness, sloughing of dead tissue were observed during the course of treatment. Complete healing was observed 10—15 days after the last dose of administration. In case of extensive lesions, two more doses at an interval of 10 days yielded good results. In the current study, it is concluded that Levamisole can be successfully used for treating the clinical cases of bovine papillomatosis.Keywords: Bovine papillomatosis, warts, levamisole, immunomodulator
      PubDate: 2015-01-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2015)
       
  • Auto-Haemotherapy for Warts in Cattle
    • Authors: B Soma Sekhara Reddy, B. Sudhakara Reddy
      Abstract: Two cattle with presence of chronic cutaneous warts were presented to the clinic. Based on the morphology of lesions and history condition was diagnosed as warts. Auto haemotherapy was given to treat the warts. Fresh blood from the affected cattle was collected (@ 5 ml/100 kg body weight) and administered to the same animal. Half the dose was given as a deep intra muscularly and the other half as subcutaneously. Treatment was repeated at weekly intervals for 4 weeks until complete regression of the warts. The warts gradually regressed and sloughed. Present study reports the successful treatment of papillomas using auto-heamotherapy.Keywords: Auto-haemotherapy, buffaloes, blood, warts
      PubDate: 2015-01-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2015)
       
  • Traumatic Reticulopericarditis in Cows
    • Authors: Sanjiv Kumar, Pankaj Kumar
      Abstract: In the present study, two cases of traumatic reticulopericarditis are described in cows. Clinically, the animals exhibited poor general condition characterized by weakness and dyspnea. At necropsy, ascites and local fibrinous peritonitis were observed. There were severe adhesions between thoracic cavity, diaphragm and reticulum and a metallic wire was found piercing the pericardium. In thoracic cavity, fibrino-purulent exudates and fibrinous adhesions between pericardium and the lungs were noticed. Furthermore, several abscesses were determined in the reticular wall and thoracic cavity. Histopathologically, fibrino-purulent inflammatory reaction was detected in the pleura, epicardium and pericardium.Keywords: TRP, fibrino-purulent exudates, cows 
      PubDate: 2014-11-26
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Brisket Oedema due to Microfilariosis in a Buffalo
    • Authors: S. Sivajothi, B. Sudhakara Reddy
      Abstract: A buffalo was referred to the TVCC with congested mucous membranes, fever and oedema of the brisket region. Microscopic examination of blood revealed filarial worms. Hematological examination showed reduced hemoglobin, packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count and increased total leukocyte count. The buffalo was successfully treated with two doses of Ivermectin @ 200 μg /kg body weight at weekly interval along with supportive therapy. After completion of two weeks of therapy, it attained normal activities.Keywords: Brisket oedema, buffaloes, ivermectin, microfilaria, setaria
      PubDate: 2014-11-22
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Transition Management System, Prepartum BCS, and Dairy Cattle Performance
    • Authors: Dawod A., Helal M.A., Mahboub H.D., Byomi A.M.
      Abstract: The present study was conducted to detect the effect of management practice during the transition phase and prepartum body condition score (BCS) on dairy cattle performance. Throughout studying, a total of 7956 dairy records from six Holstein Friesian farms were collected. Dairy cows were allocated in three main transition systems (TS I, TS II, and TS III) according to their management practice during their transition phase. Moreover, within each transition system, dairy cows were regrouped into three categories according to their prepartum body condition scores, as low, medium, and over-condition score cows for BCS values of 2–3; 3–4, and 4–5, respectively. Cows which were under the level of 2 BCS were culled as a part of culling policy in these farms. Productive parameters of milk yield (daily yield, 305-days yield and total yield), milk curve (days to peak, initial milk yield, peak milk yield, and lactation persistency), milk somatic cell count (SCC) and somatic cell score (SCS), as well as some reproductive parameters (days to first estrus and days open) were determined to indicate the best dairy cattle transition management routine together with prepartum BCS sustained high dairy performance. Analysis of the collected data revealed that: TS I with periodical estimation and adjustment of BCS and efficient pre- and post-milking hygiene produced high dairy performance parameters and udder health condition (low SCC and SCS). Medium-condition score cows produced milk as much as over-condition score ones; however, they improved udder health, and reproductive parameters among all of dairy Holstein transition systems.Keywords: Transition system, body condition score, dairy cattle, SCC, SCS, Holstein, lactation persistency
      PubDate: 2014-11-20
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Assessing the Haematological and Biochemical Profile of Cattle Reared in
           Southern India
    • Authors: V. Leela, C. Devaraj
      Abstract: Haematological and serum biochemical profile were determined in healthy indigenous breeds of cattle maintained at University Research Farm, TANUVAS, Madhavaram, India. Blood was collected aseptically from all the animals and used for haematological and biochemical analysis. Haematological parameters (packed cell volume, haemoglobin, total erythrocyte count, total leukocyte count, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration) and biochemical/electrolyte parameters (total protein, albumin, urea, creatinine, total cholesterol, triglycerides, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium, magnesium) were statistically analysed; mean and standard error were calculated and set as reference values. This study reported the haematological and biochemical values which could serve as baseline information for comparison in condition of physiological status, nutritional deficiency, and health status of indigenous cattle reared in southern India.Keywords: Haematological, serum biochemical, cattle, indigenous breeds
      PubDate: 2014-11-14
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Mortality Due to Pasteurellosis in Calves
    • Authors: Sanjiv Kumar, S. Samantaray, D. Kumar, S. Kumari, R. Kapur
      Abstract: Mortality was recorded in fifteen Jersey calves in the cattle farm of Bihar Veterinary College, Patna. All these calves before death were showing symptoms of high fever, severe dyspnoea, mouth breathing, profuse salivation and oedema in throat region. Dead animals subjected to necropsy showed gross and histopathological lesions of Haemmorhagic Septicemia. Stained heart blood smear and culture showed the presence of bipolar coccobacilli Pasteurella organisms. All the other ten ailing animals responded well to the treatment and survived.Keywords: Calves, Fibrinous exudates, Bipolar organisms, Haemorrhagic Septicemia
      PubDate: 2014-09-08
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Torsion of Uterus as a Cause of Dystocia in a Nellore Brown Ewe
    • Authors: K. Jyothi, M. Mutha Rao, Y. V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, A. Ganesan
      Abstract: A Nellore brown ewe in its first parity was presented to the clinic with a complaint of dystocia. Pervaginal examination revealed right side post cervical uterine torsion. Detortion of uterus was achieved by rolling the dam by modified schaffer’s method. Torsion relieved but cervix was not dilated fully necessitating caesarean section but the owner preferred to dispose of the animal.
      Keywords: Nellore brown ewe, Dystocia, Uterine torsion, Modified Schaffer’s method
      PubDate: 2014-09-08
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Antioxidant Enzyme Status in Broiler Chickens: Role of Dietary
           
    • Authors: V. Leela, L. S. S Varaprasad Reddy, G. Suganya, K. Loganathasamy, C. Devaraj
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted in broiler chicken to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum basilicum and selenium on antioxidative enzyme levels. Total of forty two broiler chickens of day old divided into 6 groups of 7 each were used for this study. O. sanctum leaf powder (0.5%), O. basilicum leaf powder (0.5%) and organic selenium (0.3 ppm) and their combinations were added to the basal diet. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) and catalase levels in plasma were measured at the end of 3rd and 6th week of age. Dietary supplementation of selenium itself significantly (p<0.01) increased GSH-px activity and supplementation of both Ocimum species significantly increased SOD and catalase levels. However, O. basilicum and O. sanctum in combination with selenium effectively enhanced the levels of SOD, GSH-px and catalase. Between O. basilicum and O.sanctum with combination of selenium, no significant variations in antioxidant levels were seen. Both the plant sources showed similar potency in scavenging free radicals. It is concluded that dietary supplementation of O.sanctum or O. basilicum at 0.5% level and its combination with selenium (0.3 ppm) can combat oxidative stress in broilers, by enhancing antioxidative enzyme levels.
      Keywords: Antioxidants, Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum basilicum, Selenium, SOD, GSH-px, Catalase, Broiler chickens
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Biochemical Assessment of Allantoic Fluid during Different Stages of
           Pregnancy in Madras Red Sheep
    • Authors: C. Devaraj, V. Leela
      Abstract: To determine the biochemical constituents of sheep allantoic fluid during the different stages of pregnancy, sixty sheep uteri at various stages of pregnancy were collected from the local slaughterhouse. The allantoic fluid samples were collected from each gravid uterus. Foetal age was calculated according to crown anus length of the embryo/foetus by using the age estimation formula. At four stages of pregnancy viz., – I (30–60 days), stage - II (61–90 days), stage - III (91–120 days) and stage - IV (121 to term), the biochemical variables measured, respectively, were: glucose concentration were 8.13, 6.80, 4.30 and 3.21 mg/dl; total protein, 0.58, 0.62,0.79 and 1.03 g/dl; urea, 29.23, 36.03,51.68 and 67.06 mg/dl; creatinine, 5.98, 9.70,17.66 and 24.92 mg/dl, cholesterol, 3.08,3.32, 3.54 and 2.88 mg/dl; sodium, 94.20, 100.9, 89.00 and 97.86 mmol/L; potassium, 4.40, 5.72, 4.26 and 5.50 mmol/L; calcium, 8.73, 8.67, 5.9 and 4.20 mg/dl and magnesium, 0.32, 0.81, 0.22 and 0.01 mg/dl. Significant correlations (P<0.05) were found between gestational age and levels of glucose, total protein, urea, creatinine and calcium. These findings might be helpful to understanding the foetal metabolism and diagnose pathophysiological conditions during pregnancy.
      Keywords: Allantoic, Biochemical assessment, Foetal metabolism, Pregnancy, Sheep
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Biochemical Profile of Kilakarsal Ewes during Pregnancy, Post-partum,
           Lactation and Dry Period
    • Authors: Devaraj C, V. S. Gomathy, C. Devaraj
      Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate the changes in biochemical parameters during different physiological states of reproduction. The Kilakarsal sheep reared at the Instructional Livestock Farm Complex, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, housed under standard management conditions in sheds with an open paddock was chosen for this study. Twenty-four ewes were categorized into four groups of six each at different physiological phases of late gestation, post-partum, lactation and dry period. The average live body weight of ewes in this study was 35 ± 1.62 kg. The study showed no significant difference in certain biochemical parameters like magnesium (mg/dL), urea (mg/dL), creatinine (mg/dL) and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) during late gestation, postpartum, lactation and dry period. However, significant (p < 0.05) differences were noted in certain biochemical parameters like total protein (g/dL), calcium (mg/dL) and phosphorus (mg/dL) amongst the four groups of different stages.
      Keywords: Biochemical parameters, Blood, Physiological status, Ewes
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Treatment of Mange in Rabbits: A Case Report
    • Authors: Aditi A Dixit, M. L. V. Rao, G. Das, Kabita Roy, Virendra K. Thawait
      Abstract: A pair of rabbit was presented with the complaint of severe pruritis, alopecia, inappetance and dullness. Skin scrapings revealed psoroptic mange infestation. Treatment with ivermectin @ 200 μg/kg body weight along with antibiotics and liver extract preparation revealed clinical improvement in 14 days and complete recovery in 28 days.
      Keywords: Mange, Ivermectin, Skin scrapings, Parasitic infestations
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Role of Pheromones and Biostimulation in Animal Reproduction-An Overview
    • Authors: R. P. Tiwari, Abrar Ahmed, Dr Girish Kumar Mishra
      Abstract: In recent years, considerable progress has been achieved in the comprehension of profound effects of pheromones on reproductive physiology and behaviour. Pheromones have been classified as molecules released by the individuals & responsible for elicitation of specific behavioral expression in members of the same species. These signaling molecules, often chemically unrelated, are contained in body fluids of urine, sweat, specialized exocrine glands and mucous secretion of genital. In mammals, signaling and priming pheromones are thought to act either singly or in combination through olfaction, auditory, visual or tactile stimuli. Biostimulation or male effect is the stimulus provoked by the presence of males, which induces estrus and ovulation through genital stimulation, pheromones or other external cues. The biostimulation technique offers a potentially useful and practical way to improve reproductive efficiency in livestock species. The aim of this manuscript is to examine the role of pheromone and biostimulation in animal reproduction that would provide information of interest for animal husbandry, where economic circumstances do not allow the use of expensive and invasive techniques for enhancing reproductive performances.
      Keywords: Biostimulation, Neuroendocrine, Pheromones, Reproduction
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Status of Some Essential Heavy Metals in Different Water Sources of
           Haryana State
    • Authors: Kaushalendra Kumar, Neelam Kewalramani
      Abstract: In order to assess the status of copper, zinc and iron in drinking water sources of animals of different districts of Haryana state, a survey work was carried out. All the districts were divided into two zones on the basis of different agro-climatic conditions. The present study was carried out with the objective to know the status of these trace minerals in feeds and fodders of all the districts of Haryana. At the same time, to know the status of these minerals in the animal body, samples of milk, hair and tissues were also collected. Water also gets contaminated with these minerals, due to corrosion of pipes, fertilizers, industrial waste, etc. So water samples from different sources, i.e., hand pump and tube well were also collected to see the content of Cu, Zn and Fe. Total 148 samples of water were collected from all the districts of Haryana. To check the contamination of water by trace minerals, the copper, zinc and iron content of water was estimated. The copper content of water from both hand pump and tube well was 0.037 ppm which was within a normal range. The zinc content of water from tube well and hand pump was 0.031 and 0.043 ppm respectively. These values were lower than the maximum permissible level of 5 ppm. With respect to iron, the value obtained was 0.29 ppm which is close to the maximum permissible level.

      Keywords: Iron, Copper, Zinc, Water, Livestock, Haryana
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
 
 
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