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Journal Cover Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2349-3690
   Published by STM Journals Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Cysticercosis in a Wistar Albino Rat
    • Authors: P. Krishnamoorthy, P.P. Sengupta, C. Balachandran, Parimal Roy
      Abstract: The present study was conducted to know the cause for multiple cysts in the liver of laboratory rat used for experimental purpose in research work. A male Wistar albino rat about 22 weeks of age showed the presence of numerous cysts in liver. The cyst along with normal liver tissue was collected in 10% of formalin and processed for histopathology. Gross examination of liver showed white to yellowish cyst of 0.2 to 0.6 cm diameter, on incision, fluid or purulent exudates and larvae was seen. Histopathological examination revealed well-developed cyst wall with inner layer composed of cytokeratin along with thick connective layers mainly of fibrous tissue. The hepatocytes were damaged with severe infiltration of eosinophils and plasma cells surrounding the cyst. The larva showed the presence of an outer acellular eosinophilic cuticular layer and underlying subtentacular layer along with scolex containing hooks and suckers. Thus, based on the gross and histopathological examination, the accidental finding of cysts was confirmed to be Cysticercus fascioliaris infection in Wistar albino rat and it also indicated that the infection might be transmitted through water or bedding materials. Hence, it is necessary to give much emphasis on the quality of laboratory rodents used for experimental purposes and also for water and bedding materials used in future. Further, it is important to take safety and precautionary measures in laboratory animal house to avoid spread of zoonotic diseases to humans. Keywords: Cysticercosis, histopathology, Wistar albino ratCite this Article Krishnamoorthy P, Sengupta PP, Balachandran C et al. Cysticercosis in a Wistar Albino Rat. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(2): 23–25p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Cystitis in an Adult Buffalo—A Case Report
    • Authors: B. Sudhakara Reddy, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, S. Sivajothi
      Abstract: An adult buffalo with history of fever, anorexia, and frequent urination with turbid urine for two days was presented to the hospital. Microscopic examination of urinary sediment revealed presence of pus cells, erythrocytes, bacteria and desquamated epithelial cells. Haematology revealed leukocytosis with neutrophilia. Concentrations of blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine were higher than normal values. Ultrasonography examination revealed presence of mixed echogenic contents with hyperechogenic bladder wall. Based on the clinical, laboratory examination and ultrasonography examination present case was diagnosed as cystitis. Buffalo was successfully treated with inj. amoxicillin and cloxacillin along with symptomatic therapy for five days. Keywords: Buffaloes, Cystitis, Urine, UltrasonographyCite this Article Sudhakara Reddy B, Pridhvidhar Reddy YV, Sivajothi S. Cystitis in an Adult Buffalo—A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(2): 21–22p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Pyometra in Bitches: A Review of Literature
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, P. Ravi Kumar, Makkena Sreenu
      Abstract: Pyometra is a frequently diagnosed bacterial infection of the uterus in intact, sexually mature bitches, leading to the accumulation of purulent material in the uterine lumen. Approximately one third of the anoestrous bitches can be diagnosed with pyometra. Closed-cervix pyometra is particularly dangerous, because septicaemia and toxaemia may develop rapidly and if left untreated can result in death of the patient. Due to the insidious nature of the disease and its sometimes equivocal clinical signs, patients are often presented in poor condition for anaesthesia and surgery. Keywords: Pyometra, uterus, bitchesCite this Article Prasad VD, Kumar PR, Sreenu M. Pyometra in Bitches: A Review of Literature. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(2): 12–20p. 
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Response of Chickens Fed Diets Containing Fermented Soaked False Yam
           (Icacina oliviformis) Seed Meal on Feed Digestibility and Egg Laying
           Performance
    • Authors: Mohammed Alhassan, Ekli Rejoice, Agbolosu Anthony Amison
      Abstract: A 12-week study was carried out to determine the effect of dietary levels of fermented soaked false yam seed meal (FSFYSM) on feed digestibility and egg laying performance of layer chickens. FSFYSM was prepared as follows: The false yam fruits were cracked and seeds removed, crushed into pieces, and soaked in water (one part of fresh seed to two parts of water) for 12 days with water changed every three days, washed with clean water after 12 days of soaking, sun-dried and ground. The soaked false yam seed meal was mixed with water (one part of seed meal to one part of water) and placed in a plastic barrel uncovered for seven days, dried to a moisture level of 15% and stored for use. The FSFYSM was incorporated in a concentrate-based layer diet at four levels (0, 80, 100 and 120 g/kg). In the digestibility trials, 12 hens were randomly assigned to 12 cages with one hen per cage (0.4 m x 0.3 m = 0.12 m2). Quantities of the diets were weighed and supplied to the hens daily. The faeces were collected in plastic sheet placed under the wire-mesh floor of the cages using the total collection method. Samples of the experimental diets and faeces were subjected to proximate analysis and apparent nutrient digestibility was calculated. At 29 weeks of age, 120 ISA Brown layers were divided into four groups with three replicates per group comprising 10 hens per replicate in a completely randomized design during the egg laying performance trials. Feed and water were given ad libitum from 30 to 41 weeks of age. Data collected on digestibility trials, egg production and physical egg characteristics were subjected to ANOVA using GenStat. The digestibility results indicated that addition of FSFYSM did not adversely affect dry matter, protein and ash digestibility. However, there was a significant (P<0.001) reduction in fat digestibility of birds fed FSFYSM-based diets over their control counterparts. There was no significant (P>0.05) difference in all egg production parameters measured. Physical egg characteristics did not differ (P>0.05) except for Haugh unit score in which birds fed diets containing FSFYSM had higher (P<0.05) values than their control counterparts. It can be concluded that FSFYSM had no adverse effects on egg production up to 120 g/kg dietary level. Keywords: egg production, false yam (Icacina oliviformis) seed, fermentation, soakingCite this Article Mohammed A, Rejoice E, Amison AA. Response of Chickens Fed Diets Containing Fermented Soaked False Yam (Icacina oliviformis) Seed Meal on Feed Digestibility and Egg Laying Performance. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(2): 6–11p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Saltpetre-Treated False Yam (Icacina oliviformis) Seed Meal on
           Feed Digestibility and Egg laying Performance of Chickens
    • Authors: Mohammed Alhassan, Shaibu Ayishetu, Herbert K. Dei
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of saltpetre-treated false yam seed meal on feed digestibility and egg laying performance of chickens. Soaked false yam seed in saltpetre solution (SFYSM-SP) was prepared as follows: The false yam fruits were cracked to remove the seeds, the seeds were crushed into pieces, and soaked in 0.1% saltpetre solution (one part of fresh seed to two parts of solution) for 12 days with solution changed every three days. After 12 days, the seeds were washed with clean water, sun-dried and ground. The SFYSM-SP was incorporated in layer concentrate-based diets at four levels (0, 80, 100 and 120 g/kg). Twelve hens were randomly assigned to 12 cages with one hen per cage (0.4 m x 0.3 m = 0.12 m2) in digestibility trials. Quantities of the experimental diets were weighed and supplied to the hens daily. The faeces were collected in plastic sheet placed under the wire-mesh floor of the cages using the total collection method. Samples of the experimental diets and faeces were subjected to proximate analysis and apparent nutrient digestibility was calculated. At 38 weeks of age, 108 (ISA Brown) layers were divided into four groups with three replicates per group comprising nine hens per replicate in a completely randomized design for the feeding trial. Feed and water were given ad libitum from 38 to 49 weeks of age. Data collected on digestibility trials, egg production and physical egg characteristics were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) using GenStat. The digestibility results indicated that dry matter, crude protein and ash digestibility were not affected (P>0.05) adversely among the treatment groups. However, crude fat digestibility was high (P<0.05) for those birds fed diets containing 100 g/kg SFYSM-SP, but birds on the control and 80g/kg FYSM-SP, respectively had similar (P>0.05) fat digestibility. There was no significant (P>0.05) difference in all egg production parameters measured. Physical egg characteristics did not also differ (P>0.05) significantly. It can be concluded that soaking false yam seed in 0.1% saltpetre solution had no adverse effect on laying performance of chickens and can be included up to 120 g/kg in their diets. Keywords: Egg production, false yam (Icacina oliviformis) seed, soaking, saltpetre, digestibilityCite this Article Mohammed A, Ayishetu S, Dei HK. Effect of Saltpetre-Treated False Yam (Icacina oliviformis) Seed Meal on Feed Digestibility and Egg laying Performance of Chickens. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(2): 1–5p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-07-26
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Replacing Antibiotics with False Yam Tuber Extracts on Growth Performance,
           Carcass Characteristics, and Haematological Parameters of Cockerels
    • Authors: Mohammed Alhassan, Herbert K. Dei
      Abstract: An experiment was undertaken to assess the influence of false yam tuber extract (FYTE) on the growth performance, carcass and blood parameters of cockerels. The extract was prepared by soaking fresh false yam chips in water (one part of fresh tuber to two parts of water) for 72 h. The extract was decanted and bottled in plastic bottles for use in the drinking water of birds. One hundred and twenty 8 week-old cockerels were randomly assigned to four treatment groups [water, antibiotic (1 g/l), FYTE (3 ml/l) and FYTE (5 ml/l)] with each group replicated three times in a completely randomized design, with 10 birds per replicate. All variables measured were analysed using GenStat (3rd edition). The treatments did not affect weight gain and FCE. However, birds fed ordinary water had a significantly lower (P<0.05) feed intake. All carcass and organ characteristics did not differ significantly (P>0.05) among the treatment groups. Haematological parameters did not vary significantly (P>0.05) among the treatment groups. From this study, it was concluded that FYTE has the potential to replace antibiotics in poultry production. Keywords: Cockerel, false yam tuber, antibiotics, extractCite this Article Mohammed A, Dei HK. Replacing Antibiotics with False Yam Tuber Extracts on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, and Haematological Parameters of Cockerels. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 26–30p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Charcoal in False Yam (Icacina oliviformis) Seed Meal-Based Diet: Effect
           on Broiler Growth, Carcass and Organ Characteristics
    • Authors: Mohammed Alhassan, Christian Aborchei, Herbert K. Dei, Shuaib M.A. Husein
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted using broiler finisher chickens to determine the effects of soaked false yam seed meal (SFYSM) plus powdered charcoal on their growth performance. One hundred and twenty (120) chicks (Cobb strain) were selected and randomly divided into 12 groups of 10 birds each. The false yam fruits were cracked and seeds removed, crushed into pieces, and soaked in water (one part of fresh seed to two parts of water) for 12 days with water changed every three days, washed with clean water after 12 days of soaking, sun-dried and ground. Charcoal was crushed and milled into gritty powder. Four dietary treatments containing false yam seed meal at 0, 100, 120 and 140 g/kg in broiler finisher diets with diets containing false yam seed meal receiving powdered charcoal at 15 g/kg as add-on were tested using completely randomized design and each treatment replicated thrice. Birds were fed from four to eight weeks of age. Feed and water were provided ad libitum. Data collected on growth and carcass parameters were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using GenStat. The results of this study showed no significant (P>0.05) difference in all the parameter measured. It can therefore be concluded that addition of charcoal can help attenuate the toxic effect of false yam seed meal on broiler chickens at 140 g/kg SFYSM and 15 g/kg charcoal. Keywords: Broiler chickens, carcass yield, false yam (Icacina oliviformis) seed, growth soakingCite this Article Mohammed A, Aborchei C, Dei HK et al. Charcoal in false yam (Icacina oliviformis) seed meal-based diet: Effect on broiler growth, carcass and organ characteristics. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 22–25p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • An Unusual Case of Mummified Foetus in a Doe: A Case Report
    • Authors: P. Ravi Kumar, V. Devi Prasad, B. Chandra Prasad
      Abstract: A primiparous doe aged about 2 years 6 months history of overdue parturition was diagnosed to have a mummified fetus. Diagnosis was arrived based on findings of physical examination, hematology, radiography, and ultrasonography. Laparohysterotomy was performed to relieve the mummified fetus.   Keywords: Mummified fetus, doe, laparohysterotomyCite this Article P. Ravi Kumar, V. Devi Prasad, B. Chandra Prasad. An Unusual Case of Mummified Foetus in a Doe: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 20–21p.
       
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Management of Peroneal Nerve Paralysis in a Rottweiler Pup
    • Authors: P. Ravi Kumar, Makkena Sreenu, V. Devi Prasad, B. Sailaja, N.V.V. Hari Krishna
      Abstract: A six-month-old male Rottweiler pup presented to the clinics was diagnosed to have peroneal nerve paralysis. Physical examination, radiography revealed the presence of hock and hip abnormality and decided to manage the condition medically with supportive bandaging techniques. The pup was able to walk normally after a treatment period of one month and no complications were recorded further. The symptomology and treatment methods were discussed. Keywords: Peroneal nerve paralysis, hip rotation, Ehmer’s sling, hock abnormality Cite this Article Ravi Kumar P, Makkena Sreenu, Devi Prasad V, et al. Management of Peroneal Nerve Paralysis in a Rottweiler Pup. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 17–19p. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-02
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Influence of Environmental Factors on Performance Traits in Murrah
           Buffaloes: A Review
    • Authors: Manoj Kumar, Poonam Ratwan, C.S. Patil, Vikas Vohra
      Abstract: Murrah buffaloes are the most important milch buffalo breed in India with superior genetic potential and has been used quite extensively for upgrading local stock to improve performance of nondescript buffaloes throughout the country. The success of Indian dairy industry is much dependent on production, reproduction and functional traits of Murrah buffaloes. Performance of these traits in Murrah buffaloes are generally affected by environmental or non-genetic factors such as season of calving, period of calving and parity of animals. Proper evaluation or unbiased prediction of genetic worth (breeding value) depends upon the adjustment of effect of significant non-genetic factors on the production, reproduction and functional traits. The production traits reviewed were monthly test day milk yield (MTDMY), monthly test day fat yield (MTDFY), first lactation 305-days or less milk yield, first lactation 305-days or less fat yield, first lactation total milk yield, lactation length and dry period. The reproduction traits reviewed were age at first calving, calving interval, service period, conception rate, sire conception rate, number of services per first conception and daughter pregnancy rate. The functional traits reviewed were mastitis, metritis and abnormal calving in Murrah buffaloes. In order to improve productivity, obtain efficient reproduction and health of dairy animals it is necessary to develop an understanding of the factors affecting milk production, reproduction and functional traits. Keywords: Murrah, milk production, reproduction, functional traitsCite this Article Kumar M, Ratwan P, Patil CS et al. Influence of Environmental Factors on Performance Traits in Murrah Buffaloes: A Review. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 6–16p. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-02
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Surgical Management of Frontal Sinusitis in a Buffalo
    • Authors: P. Ravi Kumar, V. Devi Prasad, Makkena Sreenu, D. Bhagya Raju
      Abstract: Abstract An eight-year-old Graded Murrah, she buffalo with symptoms of unilateral nasal discharges was diagnosed with frontal sinusitis and surgical treatment was carried. Horn was amputated near to its base and the frontal sinus was irrigated regularly with mild antiseptic solutions, which resulted in uneventful recovery. The etiology, surgical management and outcome of the case were discussed. Keywords: Unilateral nasal discharges, frontal sinusitis, horn fracture, horn amputationCite this Article Kumar PR, Prasad VD, Sreenu M et al. Surgical Management of Frontal Sinusitis in a Buffalo. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 3–5p. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-02
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Surgical Reconstruction of Third Eyelid Laceration in a Dog
    • Authors: P. Ravi Kumar, V. Devi Prasad, M. Sreenu, D. Bhagya Raju
      Abstract: Abstract A three-year-old male Doberman dog was presented with a history of dog bit over the left eye. By ophthalmic examination, it was diagnosed as third eyelid laceration and surgical reconstruction was performed under general anesthesia. No postoperative complications were reported. Keywords: Lagophthalmos, laceration, lacrimation, third eyelidCite this Article Kumar PR, Prasad VD, Sreenu M, et al. Surgical Reconstruction of Third Eyelid Laceration in a Dog. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2017; 6(1): 1–2p. 
      PubDate: 2017-03-02
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
 
 
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