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Journal Cover Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2349-3690
   Published by STM Journals Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Atypical Traumatic Trigeminal Neuritis in a Labrador Retriever Dog: A Case
           Report
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, P. Ravi Kumar, M. Raghunath, N. V. V. Harikrishna, D. Bhagyaraju
      Abstract: Acute trigeminal neuritis of traumatic origin was diagnosed in a middle-aged Labrador retriever dog based on clinical signs, such as dropped jaw, loss of corneal reflex, drooling of saliva, etc. Certain symptoms, such as Horner’s syndrome, masticatory muscle atrophy, etc., were absent, while intact swallowing reflex, partial paralysis of tongue with lateral deviation were the atypical clinical signs. Complete recovery was observed within 45 days with supportive therapy and management by the client. Keywords: Atypical trigeminal neuritis, dropped jaw, labrador Cite this Article Devi Prasad V, Kumar PR, Raghunath M, et al. Atypical Traumatic Trigeminal Neuritis in a Labrador Retriever Dog: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 12–15p. 
      PubDate: 2016-07-16
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Tachycardia due to Colibacillosis in a Calf and its Management
    • Authors: B Sudhakara Reddy, S. Bharathi, T. Nagendra Reddy, S. Sivajothi
      Abstract: A two-month-old calf was referred to the clinic with watery and foul odour diarrhoea, pyrexia, weakness and dehydration. Microbial examination of dung revealed gram-negative Escherichia coli organisms and was free from parasitic ova. It showed alteration in the haematology and up on electrocardiography tachycardia was noticed. Present case was successfully treated with parenteral gentamicin along with fluid therapy. Keywords: Calves, ECG, Escherichia coli, gentamicin, tachycardiaCite this Article B. Sudhakara Reddy, S. Bharathi, T. Nagendra Reddy, S. Sivajothi. Tachycardia due to colibacillosis in a calf and its management. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 9–11p.
      PubDate: 2016-07-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Use of Nitrates and Sulphates as Hydrogen Sink in Reducing Enteric Methane
           Production
    • Authors: Sandeep Uniyal, A. K Mishra, J. K. Sahoo, V. K. Munde, G. K. Mishra, Aswin K.
      Abstract: Methane (CH4) and other gases like carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), are green house gases (GHGs) that aggravates the effects of solar and thermal radiation on surface and atmospheric temperature. CH4 is the second largest GHG having 21 times more heat generation potential than CO2. Global livestock agriculture was responsible for 18% of the anthropogenic GHG emissions annually. CH4 production in the rumen accounts for 2–12 % loss of gross energy and consequently influence performance of ruminants. So, reducing ruminant CH4 emissions is an important objective for ensuring the sustainability of ruminant-based livestock farming. CH4 is formed in the rumen by methanogens (part of the domain Archaea), mainly from H2 and CO2. Within the rumen microbial food web, methanogens perform the beneficial task of removing H2, that allows reduced cofactors to be reoxidized and recycled, thereby enhancing the breakdown and fermentation of plant material. Therefore, rumen CH4 mitigation strategies need to consider alternative routes of H2 utilization. Nitrates and sulphates are potent inhibitors of CH4 in many anaerobic system including rumen; these salts have greater affinity for H2 as compared to CO2 resulting in net reduction in CH4 production. Experimental evidence suggest that nitrate and sulphate inhibit CH4 production both in vitro and in vivo without any adverse effect on rumen fermentation but the drawback is that nitrate is toxic to the animals; so supplementation at lower level helps the animal to acclimatize and reduces the chances of toxicity Keywords: Methane (CH4), sulphates, hydrogen, methanogens, fermentationCite this Article Uniyal S, Mishra AK, Aswin K, et al. Use of Nitrates and Sulphates as Hydrogen Sink in Reducing Enteric Methane Production. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 5–8p.

      PubDate: 2016-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia-Pyometra Complex in a Bitch: A Case Report
    • Authors: B. Sailaja, P. Ravi Kumar, Ch. Sudha Rani Chowdary
      Abstract: An eight-year-old nulliparous Spitz bitch was presented to clinics with a complaint of persistent vomiting and anorexia since fifteen days. It had a history of purulent discharges from vulva one year back. Based on findings of clinical examination, radiography, ultrasonography and laboratory reports, the condition was diagnosed as cystic endometrial hyperplasia. The clinical symptomology, surgical outcome of the case along with histopathological and immunohistochemical studies of the affected uterus were discussed. Keywords: Endometrial hyperplasia, nulliparous, hemometra, hydrometra, ovariohysterectomyCite this Article P. Ravi Kumar, B. Sailaja, Ch. Sudha Rani Chowdary. Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia-pyometra Complex in a Bitch: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 1–4p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Dog Bite Induced Cystorhexis in a Dog
    • Authors: Raghunath M, Ravi Kumar P, Vidya Sagar P, Devi Prasad V
      Abstract: A two years male Pomeranian dog was presented to clinics with a history of dog bite wounds on the ventral abdomen, anurea and anorexia since last two days. It was tentatively diagnosed as lower urinary tract trauma with uroperitoneum based on physical examination, abdominocentesis, radiography and ultrasonography. Emergency laparotomy under general anaesthesia was performed and cystorraphy was done after retrograde catheterization of the urethra and an indwelling catheter was placed to drain the abdomen. The clinical outcome of case was discussed. Keywords: Cystorhexis, Cystorraphy, Dog bite, Indwelling catheter, Uroperitoneum Cite this Article Raghunath M, Ravi Kumar P, Vidya Sagar P et al. Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Dog Bite Induced Cystorhexis in a Dog. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 20–22p. 
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Phenotypic Variances in ‘Djallonke’ Sheep reared under
           Extensive Management System in Tolon District of Ghana
    • Authors: Peter T. Birteeb, Dickson Donkor
      Abstract: The study of the phenotypic body traits of the West African Dwarf (Djallonke’) sheep in the Tolon District of Ghana is necessary for the attainment of detailed description of this breed. A total of 124 sheep were randomly selected from flocks reared under extensive system by farmers. Biometric traits including live body weight (LW), rump height (RH), height at withers (HW), body length (BL), neck length (NL), ear length (EL) and tail length (TL) were measured, while qualitative traits including coat colour, fur texture and sex were observed. Chi-square and Cramer’s V tests revealed that sex was associated with fur texture but not coat colour pattern. Fixed effects of sex and fur texture on biometric traits were tested using GLM, while Principal Component Factor Analysis was used to identify latent factors in body composition. Seven different colour patterns were identified of which white dominated as solid or pairing with brown or black. Male and female sheep were generally similar (P > 0.05) in biometric traits except for LW and NL (P < 0.05), while animals with smooth fur texture had significantly (P < 0.05) higher LW, BL, NL and TL. The overall mean values of 20.73 ± 0.44 Kg, 53.26 ± 0.48, 52.79 ± 0.48, 46.95 ± 0.47, 24.29 ± 0.30, 10.61 ± 0.15, and 25.66 ± 0.35 cm were obtained for LW, RH, HW, BL, NL, EL and TL, respectively. Two latent factors (PC’s) were extracted to explain a maximum variation of 71.55% with the first PC comprising of RH, HW, BL and TL, which accounted for 52.21% variation to indicate the general body size of the Djallonke’ sheep. The second PC seemed to indicate the length of the anterior region. The two PC’s could be exploited by researchers and breeders in selection and improvement of the breed. Keywords: Body measurements, breed, coat colour, principal component, qualitative traits, WADCite this Article Peter T. Birteeb, Dickson Donkor. Phenotypic Variances in ‘Djallonke’ Sheep reared under Extensive Management System in Tolon District of Ghana. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 23–29p.

      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Significance of Artificial Insemination in Poultry
    • Authors: Kharayat N. S., Chaudhary G. R., Katiyar R., Balmurugan B., Patel M., Uniyal S., Raza M., Mishra G. K.
      Abstract: Artificial insemination (AI) involves the deposition of semen into female reproductive tract manually. It starts from the collection of the semen from the male and its evaluation in terms of motility, viability and concentration followed by its deposition into female reproductive tract. Sexual maturity in both male and female bird occurs at 18 weeks of age. One ejaculate of a male can cover up 20 female birds by using AI. Dose of semen is 100–200 million spermatozoa/insemination in 50 microliter volume. Poultry semen shows poor response for cryopreservation so AI is done as soon as semen is collected. Further research is needed regarding poultry sperm biology, cellular and molecular basis of oviductal spermatozoa transport, selection, and storage to make AI more efficient in the birds. Keywords: AI, semen, cryopreservationCite this Article Kharayat NS, Chaudhary GR, Katiyar R et al. Significance of Artificial Insemination in Poultry. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 15–19p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-04-19
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Pneumonic Pasteurellosis in a Sheep Flock and Its Management
    • Authors: R. Venkatasivakumar, B. Sudhakara Reddy, B. Soma Sekhar Reddy, T. Nagendra Reddy
      Abstract: An adult sheep was presented to the clinic with complaint of inappetence, respiratory distress and weakness. Examination of the sheep revealed pyrexia, tachycardia, tachypnea, pale mucous membrane, harsh and crackles while auscultation of lungs. Post mortem examination of the died sheep revealed consolidations of the lung lobes, frothy exudates along the trachea, bronchi and smears from the lungs revealed presence of Pasteurella organisms. All the sheep in the flock showing the similar signs were treated with broad spectrum antibiotic, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug along with supportive therapy. Keywords: Pasteurella, pneumonia, sulpha drugs, sheepCite this Article Venkatasivakumar R, Sudhakara Reddy B, Soma Sekhar Reddy B et al. Pneumonic Pasteurellosis in a Sheep Flock and its Management. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 13–14p.
      PubDate: 2016-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Kisspeptin Modulates Reproduction in Ruminants
    • Authors: M. Mondal, K. K. Baruah, M. K. Ghosh, M. Karunakaran, T. K. Dutta
      Abstract: Kisspeptin, a neuropeptide encoded by the KiSS1 gene and its cognate, KiSS1R are the key regulators of reproduction in animals. Kisspeptin, also known as metastin, is a potent secretagogue of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). It stimulates the GnRH neurons in the brain and generates pulses for GnRH thereby its secretion and release, and this in turn stimulates the release of LH and FSH. Owing to its importance in reproductive biology, the kisspeptin-KiSS1R system is presently regarded as an essential gatekeeper of reproduction in animals. Besides central nervous system, role of Kisspeptin during the process of placentation and pregnancy has been established recently. Therefore, kisspeptin-KiSS1R system potentially plays diverse roles in animal reproduction. Here, we review the role and physiological significance of kisspeptin in the reproduction of ruminants. Keywords: Kisspeptin, KiSS1, metastin, KiSS1R, reproduction, ruminant, GnRH, LHCite this Article Mondal M, Baruah KK, Ghosh MK et al. Kisspeptin modulates reproduction in ruminants. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 7–12p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-01-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Application of Nutrigenomics for Enhancement of Body Growth in Ruminants
    • Authors: M. Mondal, M. K. Ghosh
      Abstract: Many a times different animals fed with the same diet may perform differently and it is due to differences in ability of nutrients to interact within the biological systems affecting molecular pathways resulting in differences in body weight gain, production or reproduction performances. For better understanding of the above processes, nutrigenomics and endocrinomics; two emerging fields that are of great help to discover the differential expression and function of genes occur with different diets, have come up. Nutrigenomics is dealt with the effects of each and every bioactive chemical in foods and supplements that alter gene expression in an animal. On the other hand, nutrients alter the hormonal inter mileu of the animal thereby ‘turn on’ or ‘turn off’ of a particular set of pathways affecting ‘switching on’ or switching off’ of a defined set of genes (Endocrinomics). Hence, there is always a crosstalk between nutrigenomics and endocrino genomics. This paper highlights the importance of nutrigenomics and endocrinomics, and their interactions during the process of growth in domestic animals in general and bovine species in particular. Keywords: Endocrine genomics, transcriptome, microarray, nutritional genomics, diet-gene interaction Cite this Article Mondal M, Ghosh MK. Application of nutrigenomics for enhancement of body growth in ruminants. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 1–6p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-01-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Diagnosis of Subclinical Mastitis in Cross Bred Cattle
    • Authors: B Soma Sekhar Reddy, B Shobhamani, B Sreedevi, K Nalini Kumari, Y Ravindra Reddy
      Abstract: Subclinical mastitis was diagnosed in 1599 quarter milk samples from 417 apparently healthy lactating cows in and around Tirupati. Diagnosis of subclinical mastitis was done by California Mastitis Test and Electrical Conductivity Test. The quarter-wise incidence of SCM as detected by CMT and EC was 27.83 and 19.95% respectively whereas the animal-wise incidence was 52.28 and 38.13% for CMT and EC respectively in the present study. Keywords: Cattle, mastitis, CMT, MWT, EC, SCCCite this Article Soma Sekhar Reddy B, Shobhamani B, Sreedevi B et al. Diagnosis of subclinical mastitis in cross bred cattle. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 39–43p.
      PubDate: 2015-11-19
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Development of A Rapid Microtiterplate Based Colorimetric Method for
           Estimation of Non-esterified Fatty Acids in Bovine Plasma
    • Authors: M Mondal, KK Baruah
      Abstract: Non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) is one of the most important blood metabolites contributing significantly during body growth, cyclicity, pregnancy and lactation, and it plays more vital role particularly during transition phase of the biological processes like pregnancy to lactation transition period. Determination of blood concentrations of NEFA is, therefore, important. The measurement technique or assay for measurement of blood NEFA should be simple, reliable, accurate, rapid and cheap. Here, the authors developed a sensitive and fast microtiterplate colorimetry-based method for estimation of NEFA in bovine plasma. The method is simple to perform and gives accurate, precise results in 100 µL samples. The developed method requires at least five times less quantity of plasma and reagents than that of already existing methods. Furthermore, ability of the method for taking reading of all the samples together on microtiterplate in a reader enable us to save a lot of time. Hence, the developed method may be adopted for estimation of NEFA in bovine plasma. Keywords: NEFA, bovine, microtiterplate, plasma, assayCite this Article Mondal M, Baruah KK. Development of A Rapid Microtiterplate Based Colorimetric Method for Estimation of Non-Esterified Fatty Acids in Bovine Plasma. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 29–34p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Development of an Endocrine Profiles Based Mathematical Model for the
           Estrous Cycle in Indian Crossbred Cows
    • Authors: M Mondal, M Karunakaran, MK Ghosh, TK Dutta
      Abstract: Declined fertility of the high-yielding dairy cows reared under intensive condition of management is of great concern not only for India but for the whole world. The bovine estrous cycle, particularly the estrus, is tightly controlled by the complex interplay of various organs and hormones. Mathematical modeling of the bovine estrous cycle could help in understanding the dynamics of this complex biological system. The authors, therefore, developed a mechanistic mathematical model for the estrous cycle of Indian crossbred cows that exclusively includes the key hormones that interact to control these processes. The authors used the data generated by them for approximately 163 estrous cycles having 1793 readings related to different hormones like LH, FSH, progesterone, estrogen, etc., under the control of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (ovarian) axis. The developed model was capable enough to generate successive estrous cycles of 21-day length. The model contains seven differential equations and 34 parameters. By simulating the developed model, a set of equations and parameters that were obtained were found to describe vividly the system consistent with empirical knowledge. In conclusion, the authors for the first time developed a mechanistic mathematical model of the estrous cycle for the Indian crossbred cows and it can be used for predicting hormonal inter milieu of the complex biological system without spending much time and money towards laboratory estimation. The developed model may also be used as a basis for more elaborate models that can predict the effects of external manipulations and genetic differences in Indian bovines. Keywords: Indian crossbred cow, hormones, differential equations, systems biologyCite this Article Mondal M, Karunakaran M, Ghosh MK et al. Development of an Endocrine Profiles Based Mathematical Model for The Estrous Cycle in Indian Crossbred Cows. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 35–38p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Growth Performance and Weight Estimation of Large White Piglets Weaned at
           Different Ages
    • Authors: Peter T Birteeb, Isaac O Tetteh, Abdul-Rahaman S Salifu
      Abstract: The study was carried out on 24 neonatal large white piglets at the National Livestock Breeding Station, Pong-Tamale to assess their performance when weaned at different ages and to determine the relationship between linear body measurements and the body weight of piglets in weight prediction. The piglets were randomly weaned at three selected weaning ages (4, 6 and 8 weeks) but reared under uniform conditions. Initial body weight (BW), initial body length (BL), initial chest girth (CG) and initial height at withers (HW); were measured. Weekly measurements of the parameters were taken for 20 weeks. By the 20th week, piglets weaned at 8 weeks were superior (P<0.05) by chest girth (58.14 cm) and body weight (18.43 kg) than those weaned at 6 weeks (50.50 cm and 12.79 kg) and 4 weeks (52.61 cm and 14.56 kg). No significant differences (P>0.05) were recorded in the body length and the height at withers of the selected weaned ages. The chest girth was the best predictor of body weight, yielding highest prediction accuracies of 92.3% (at 5 weeks), 76.9% (at 10 weeks), 86.1% (at 15 weeks) and 87.5% (at 20 weeks). Conclusively, large white piglets grew better when weaned at 8 weeks, and chest girth could be reliably used to predict body weight in large white grower pigs. Keywords: Swine, body measurements, linear, livestock, predictionCite this Article Birteeb Peter T, Tetteh Isaac O, Salifu Abdul-Rahaman S. Growth Perfor-mance and Weight Estimation of Large White Piglets Weaned at Different Ages. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 15–23p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Abscess on Right Thoracic Wall Due to Traumatic Reticulitis in a Buffalo
    • Authors: B Sudhakara Reddy, LSS Varaprasad Reddy, S Sivajothi
      Abstract: 3 year old heifer was presented to the clinic with repeated fever, anorexia and emaciation. Examination of  buffalo revealed fever, tachycardia, tachypnea, ruminal atony with bloat and hot, pain full abscess on right thoracic wall. Haematology revealed erythrocytopenia, leucocytosis with more number of band cells. Buffalo was treated with inj. strepto penicillin along with supportive therapy and external application of iodex ointment over the abscess. After completion of five days of therapy abscess was ruptured and pus was oozed out. While draining the pus three inches iron long needle was came out from the abscess. Improvement was noticed after completion of therapy. Keywords: Abscess on right thoracic wall, traumatic reticulitis, buffalo, needle Cite this Article Sudhakara Reddy B, Varaprasad Reddy LSS, Sivajothi S. Abscess on Right Thoracic Wall due to Traumatic Reticulitis in a Buffalo. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 24–26p.
      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Mammary Gland Fibroadenoma in a Bitch
    • Authors: Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary
      Abstract: The work was conducted on an adult German shepherd bitch having a growing lump in the mammary gland. Tentatively it appeared to be a case of benign tumour of first left thoracic mammary gland. Sample was collected for cytopathological and histopathological examination of the affected tissue. FNAC was done by Papanicoloau’s stain while routine paraffin embedding technique was employed for histopathological examination, which revealed it to be a case of mammary gland fibroadenoma which was then surgically removed successfully with full recovery. Keywords: Mammary gland fibroadenoma, benign tumour, FNACCite this Article Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary. Mammary Gland Fibroadenoma in a Bitch. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 27–28p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Haemato-Biochemical Changes in Staphylococcal Species Induced Mastitis in
           Mouse Model+
    • Authors: P Krishnamoorthy, M L Satyanarayana, B R Shome, Suguna Rao, H Rahman
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, haemato-biochemical changes in mouse mastitis by inoculating Staphylococcus epidermidis, S. chromogenes, S. haemolyticus and S. Aureus isolated from bovine milk was studied. Blood was collected by intracardiac route at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. Haematological changes noticed were: white blood cells (WBC) decreased in S. haemolyticus and S. chromogenes at 48 h; S. haemolyticus and S. aureus at 96 h. S. haemolyticus showed increased lymphocyte at 24 and 48 h and in S. aureus at 48 h. Neutrophil was decreased in S. haemolyticus and S. aureus group. Glucose increased at 6 h with three Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (CNS) species and S. aureus. Glucose and total protein increased in S. chromogenes infected mice. Globulin levels showed decrease in S. epidermidis and S. aureus. Albumin globulin ratio showed decreasing trend in S. chromogenes and S. haemolyticus inoculated mice. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level increased at 6 and 12 h in all infected groups. Alanine aminotransferase increased at 12 and 48 h in S. chromogenes and S. aureus respectively. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased at 6 h in all the infected mice. Thus, three CNS species induced haemato-biochemical changes in haemoglobin, WBC, neutrophil, glucose, total protein, AST and LDH which may be used as indicators for diagnosis of CNS species mastitis in mice. Keywords: Staphylococcus species, mouse mastitis, haemato-biochemical changesCite this Article Krishnamoorthy P, Satyanarayana ML, Shome BR, et al. Haemato-Biochemical Changes in Staphylococcal Species induced Mastitis in Mouse Model+. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 8–14p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Designing Mithun Specific Probes Towards Development of Microarray for
           Mithun (Bos frontalis)
    • Authors: M Mondal, M Karunakaran, KK Baruah
      Abstract: cDNA microarrays are powerful tools to analyze the expression pattern of thousands of genes simultaneously in response to treatments, during tissue differentiation or related to differences in traits. To get accurate results, the probes used in the microarray are to be specific to the species for which the array is being conducted. Non-availability of suitable microarray specific to mithun (Bos frontalis), a rare ruminant of Southeast Asia, limits its use to study the expression patterns of genes globally. Therefore, the authors designed the probes and developed a mithun-specific microarray for the first time. Transcripts obtained from bovine genome array in mithun tissues and from BLAST search were used to design probes and subsequent development of mithun-specific microarray. A total of 3,35,576 numbers of transcripts obtained from the next generation sequencing (through microarray using bovine genome array chips) of mithun tissues including several hundreds of unknown genes and others obtained for BLAST search (11,865) were used for designing the probes towards development of mithun-specific microarrays. A total of 3,47,441 probes were designed and length of each probe was 60 bp. The developed array has total features of 4,20,288, of which 4,16,505 features are readily available in the developed array. Besides, there are 3783 numbers of controls in the array to obtain high performance. In conclusion, the authors developed mithun-specific microarray using probes that are specific to this species for the first time. This microarray for mithun contains fully defined set of genes suitable for detailed analysis of expression of many genes involved in this species. The developed microarray will be of great use to analyze the molecular mechanisms controlling cell proliferation, differentiation in response to different treatments or variation in economic traits such as marbling and disease resistance in mithun. Keywords: Mithun, microarray, cDNA, transcripts, expression, genesCite this Article Mondal M, Karunakaran M, Baruah KK. Designing mithun specific probes towards development of microarray for mithun (Bos frontalis). Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 1–7p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-26
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Semen Preservation and Artificial Insemination in Bengal Goat at Field
           Level
    • Authors: M. Karunakaran, Ajoy Mandal, Mohan Mondal, C. Bhakat, S. Garai
      Abstract: Semen ejaculates (n=72) were collected from five Black Bengal Bucks by artificial vagina method. Semen samples were evaluated for volume, sperm cell concentration, motility and morphology. Semen samples were preserved using Tris –Egg yolk-Citrate buffer in liquid state at refrigeration temperature. Rural youths (n=21) were trained on artificial insemination (AI) in goats and preserved semen was used for AI in rural villages of West Bengal and kidding rate was recorded. Black Bengal buck semen was characterized by 0.75 ±0.25 ml volume, 1522 ± 35.30 X 106/ml sperm cell concentration, 85.40 ± 8.20% progressive forward motility and 92.0 ± 1.90% normal morphology. Significant (P<0.01) reduction in sperm motility was observed during storage at refrigeration temperature and sperm motility reduced to less than 40% after 96 h of storage. Out of 146 does inseminated with preserved semen, 69 does became pregnant and delivered kids with 47.26% kidding rate. It was concluded that Bengal buck semen can be preserved using Tris –Egg yolk- Citrate buffer at liquid state in refrigeration temperature and can be used for artificial insemination in remote villages over a four days of storage with acceptable kidding rate.Keywords: Goat, semen, preservation, inseminationCite this Article Karunakaran M, Ajoy Mandal, Mohan Mondal et al. Semen Preservation and Artificial Insemination in Bengal Goat at Field Level. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST) 2015; 4(2):   25–28p.

       
      PubDate: 2015-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Management of Zinc Responsive Dermatitis (Parakeratosis) in Buffaloes: A
           Report of 10 Cases
    • Authors: G. Kamalakar, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Deviprasad, B. Jagadeesh Kumar
      Abstract: Dermatitis due to zinc deficiency in buffaloes brought to the clinic was described in the current report. Scaly, eczematous lesions and areas of alopecia were observed at various parts of the body (face, ears, legs, udder, perineum, vulva, etc). Cracking at coronet and below the hock regions were also observed. Oral supplementation of zinc sulphate and topical application of zinc oxide resulted in complete resolution of the skin lesions. Keywords: Zinc responsive dermatitis, parakeratosis, and buffaloesCite this Article G. Kamalakar,  C. Pavan Kumar, 
      V. Deviprasad et al. Management of Zinc Responsive Dermatitis (Parakeratosis) in Buffaloes – A Report of 10 Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(2): 18–21p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-07-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Rupture of Suspensory Ligament of Udder: A Report of Three Cases
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, N. Sumiran, R. Mahesh, C. Pavan Kumar
      Abstract: Rupture of suspensory ligament of udder commonly known as “Dropped udder” is one of the rare affections of the udder to be considered as it ultimately decreases the productive life span of the animal and in turn its income generation to a greater extent. The present article gives a report on three different types of rupture of suspensory ligament of udder and its outcome. Surgical treatment was not considered as treatment of choice for this condition. Only supportive and physical therapies were adopted which were also in vain. Hence only proper managemental practices were felt reliable in order to prevent the condition and complications associated with it. Keywords: Udder suspensory ligament, dropped udderCite this Article Prasad V Devi, Sumiran N, Mahesh  R, et al. Rupture of Suspensory Ligament of Udder- A Report of Three Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(2): 22–24p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-07-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Immunohistochemical Detection of c-Myc in Lungs of Sheep with Ovine
           Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma
    • Authors: B.B. Manasa, V. Rama Devi, K. Satheesh, K. Lakshmi Kavita, P. Suresh, E. Janardhan Yadav
      Abstract: Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma, a naturally occurring lung cancer of sheep was diagnosed in seventeen cases at slaughter houses. Lung tumor tissues and associated lymph nodes were collected for histopathological and immunohistochemical studies. Histologically, the lung sections from OPA cases revealed areas of non encapsulated proliferation of alveolar epithelial cells in papillary or acinar pattern. Polyploid ingrowths were also noticed into the bronchioles. On immunostaining of lung sections, JSRV-MA protein was detected in the neoplastic cells confirming the JSRV infection. There was a strong nuclear labelling for
      c-Myc in most of the neoplastic cells indicating dysregulation of this particular oncogene in OPA. Keywords: Sheep, OPA, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, c-MycCite this Article B.B.Manasa, V.Rama Devi, K.Satheesh et al. Immunohistochemical Detection of c-Myc in Lungs of Sheep with Ovine Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(2): 14–17p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-07-20
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass
           Traits
    • Authors: Abdel-Hamid T. M, Dawod A
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ambient heat stress (30 ± 2°C) on three rabbit breeds of both sexes. Rabbit of four weeks age of both sexes were enrolled in 3*2 factorial experiment. The animals were grouped into three groups 49 New Zealand white (NZW), 34 Californian (CAL) and 46 Rex (RX). Each group were sub-grouped into two sex sub-groups. The fortnightly growth performance (live body weight (BW), body weight gain (WG), and average daily gain (ADG)) were estimated. Moreover, by the age of 10th week,   body length (BL); thoracic circumference (TC); abdominal circumference (AC); thigh circumference (THC); ear length (EL) and ear width (EW)) and some carcass traits (skin  weight, liver, heart with lung and trachea, kidneys, peri-scapular and peri-renal fat, hot carcass weight (HCW) and dressing-out percentage (DO%)) were recorded. The results of this study revealed that, the live body weight (BW) and average daily gain (ADG) of NZW (1130±18.1 g and 26.91±0.43 g/d, respectively) and RX (1120±16.4 g and 26.67±0.39 g/d, respectively) were significantly higher (P<0.01) than that of CAL (997±21.2 g and 23.75±0.50 g/d, respectively). The RX rabbits were significantly higher (P<0.01) for abdominal circumference (AC) and ear width (EW) compared with NZW and CAL. Significantly improved (P<0.01) dressing-out % (DO%) was recorded for CAL (60.03±0.37%) if they compared with NZW (58.46±0.33%) and RX (58.43±0.35%). In conclusion, breed variations had been evidenced for almost of growth, body measurements, and some of carcass traits, as NZW and RX showed better weight gain and average daily gain compared with CAL. However, CAL and NZW rabbits have lower body weight at slaughter than RX; they have the highest DO%. Keywords: Rabbit, New Zealand White, Californian, body measurements, carcassCite this Article Abdel-Hamid TM, Dawod A. Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass Traits, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2):7–13p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Mixed Lipoma in a Cow
    • Authors: sanjiv kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, Raj Kishore Sharma
      Abstract: In the present study an adult cow was brought to TVCC, Bihar Veterinary College, Patna with a large lump about 10 inches in size on the  left lateral aspect of anus. The lump started as a small nodule and gradually developed in a large mass. No treatment before was tried. Externally multiple warts like eruptions were found on the surface of the growth with many bleeding areas. Histopathological examination of the collected sample was done and it was diagnosed to be a case of mixed lipoma. After confirmation it was surgically removed and no further reoccurrence was reported. Keywords: Cow, mixed lipoma, mature fat cells, collagen fibres, spindle cellsCite this Article Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, et al. Mixed Lipoma in a Cow, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 4–6p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested
           with Demodex canis
    • Authors: Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, G. D. Singh, Ramesh Tiwary, S. Samantaray
      Abstract: The study was conducted on fifteen dogs (n = 8 demodicosis, n = 7 healthy) brought to Veterinary Clinics, Bihar Veterinary College Clinics to determine Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in erythrocyte of Demodex canis infested dog. Activity of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration were estimated in erythrocytes of dogs. Activity of CAT, SOD and TBARS concentration were higher in infected dogs than healthy dogs while and GSH concentration was higher in healthy dog than infected dogs. The results of the present study suggest that Demodex canis infestation cause oxidative stress in erythrocyte of dogs. Keywords: Demodex, SOD, GSH, Antioxidant, CATCite this Article Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, Singh GD., et al. Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested with Demodex canis. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 1–3p.

      PubDate: 2015-06-22
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
 
 
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