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Journal Cover Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2349-3690
   Published by STM Journals Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Kisspeptin Modulates Reproduction in Ruminants
    • Authors: M. Mondal, K. K. Baruah, M. K. Ghosh, M. Karunakaran, T. K. Dutta
      Abstract: Kisspeptin, a neuropeptide encoded by the KiSS1 gene and its cognate, KiSS1R are the key regulators of reproduction in animals. Kisspeptin, also known as metastin, is a potent secretagogue of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). It stimulates the GnRH neurons in the brain and generates pulses for GnRH thereby its secretion and release, and this in turn stimulates the release of LH and FSH. Owing to its importance in reproductive biology, the kisspeptin-KiSS1R system is presently regarded as an essential gatekeeper of reproduction in animals. Besides central nervous system, role of Kisspeptin during the process of placentation and pregnancy has been established recently. Therefore, kisspeptin-KiSS1R system potentially plays diverse roles in animal reproduction. Here, we review the role and physiological significance of kisspeptin in the reproduction of ruminants. Keywords: Kisspeptin, KiSS1, metastin, KiSS1R, reproduction, ruminant, GnRH, LHCite this Article Mondal M, Baruah KK, Ghosh MK et al. Kisspeptin modulates reproduction in ruminants. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 7–12p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-01-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Application of Nutrigenomics for Enhancement of Body Growth in Ruminants
    • Authors: M. Mondal, M. K. Ghosh
      Abstract: Many a times different animals fed with the same diet may perform differently and it is due to differences in ability of nutrients to interact within the biological systems affecting molecular pathways resulting in differences in body weight gain, production or reproduction performances. For better understanding of the above processes, nutrigenomics and endocrinomics; two emerging fields that are of great help to discover the differential expression and function of genes occur with different diets, have come up. Nutrigenomics is dealt with the effects of each and every bioactive chemical in foods and supplements that alter gene expression in an animal. On the other hand, nutrients alter the hormonal inter mileu of the animal thereby ‘turn on’ or ‘turn off’ of a particular set of pathways affecting ‘switching on’ or switching off’ of a defined set of genes (Endocrinomics). Hence, there is always a crosstalk between nutrigenomics and endocrino genomics. This paper highlights the importance of nutrigenomics and endocrinomics, and their interactions during the process of growth in domestic animals in general and bovine species in particular. Keywords: Endocrine genomics, transcriptome, microarray, nutritional genomics, diet-gene interaction Cite this Article Mondal M, Ghosh MK. Application of nutrigenomics for enhancement of body growth in ruminants. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 1–6p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-01-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Diagnosis of Subclinical Mastitis in Cross Bred Cattle
    • Authors: B Soma Sekhar Reddy, B Shobhamani, B Sreedevi, K Nalini Kumari, Y Ravindra Reddy
      Abstract: Subclinical mastitis was diagnosed in 1599 quarter milk samples from 417 apparently healthy lactating cows in and around Tirupati. Diagnosis of subclinical mastitis was done by California Mastitis Test and Electrical Conductivity Test. The quarter-wise incidence of SCM as detected by CMT and EC was 27.83 and 19.95% respectively whereas the animal-wise incidence was 52.28 and 38.13% for CMT and EC respectively in the present study. Keywords: Cattle, mastitis, CMT, MWT, EC, SCCCite this Article Soma Sekhar Reddy B, Shobhamani B, Sreedevi B et al. Diagnosis of subclinical mastitis in cross bred cattle. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 39–43p.
      PubDate: 2015-11-19
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Development of A Rapid Microtiterplate Based Colorimetric Method for
           Estimation of Non-esterified Fatty Acids in Bovine Plasma
    • Authors: M Mondal, KK Baruah
      Abstract: Non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) is one of the most important blood metabolites contributing significantly during body growth, cyclicity, pregnancy and lactation, and it plays more vital role particularly during transition phase of the biological processes like pregnancy to lactation transition period. Determination of blood concentrations of NEFA is, therefore, important. The measurement technique or assay for measurement of blood NEFA should be simple, reliable, accurate, rapid and cheap. Here, the authors developed a sensitive and fast microtiterplate colorimetry-based method for estimation of NEFA in bovine plasma. The method is simple to perform and gives accurate, precise results in 100 µL samples. The developed method requires at least five times less quantity of plasma and reagents than that of already existing methods. Furthermore, ability of the method for taking reading of all the samples together on microtiterplate in a reader enable us to save a lot of time. Hence, the developed method may be adopted for estimation of NEFA in bovine plasma. Keywords: NEFA, bovine, microtiterplate, plasma, assayCite this Article Mondal M, Baruah KK. Development of A Rapid Microtiterplate Based Colorimetric Method for Estimation of Non-Esterified Fatty Acids in Bovine Plasma. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 29–34p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Development of an Endocrine Profiles Based Mathematical Model for the
           Estrous Cycle in Indian Crossbred Cows
    • Authors: M Mondal, M Karunakaran, MK Ghosh, TK Dutta
      Abstract: Declined fertility of the high-yielding dairy cows reared under intensive condition of management is of great concern not only for India but for the whole world. The bovine estrous cycle, particularly the estrus, is tightly controlled by the complex interplay of various organs and hormones. Mathematical modeling of the bovine estrous cycle could help in understanding the dynamics of this complex biological system. The authors, therefore, developed a mechanistic mathematical model for the estrous cycle of Indian crossbred cows that exclusively includes the key hormones that interact to control these processes. The authors used the data generated by them for approximately 163 estrous cycles having 1793 readings related to different hormones like LH, FSH, progesterone, estrogen, etc., under the control of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (ovarian) axis. The developed model was capable enough to generate successive estrous cycles of 21-day length. The model contains seven differential equations and 34 parameters. By simulating the developed model, a set of equations and parameters that were obtained were found to describe vividly the system consistent with empirical knowledge. In conclusion, the authors for the first time developed a mechanistic mathematical model of the estrous cycle for the Indian crossbred cows and it can be used for predicting hormonal inter milieu of the complex biological system without spending much time and money towards laboratory estimation. The developed model may also be used as a basis for more elaborate models that can predict the effects of external manipulations and genetic differences in Indian bovines. Keywords: Indian crossbred cow, hormones, differential equations, systems biologyCite this Article Mondal M, Karunakaran M, Ghosh MK et al. Development of an Endocrine Profiles Based Mathematical Model for The Estrous Cycle in Indian Crossbred Cows. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 35–38p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Growth Performance and Weight Estimation of Large White Piglets Weaned at
           Different Ages
    • Authors: Peter T Birteeb, Isaac O Tetteh, Abdul-Rahaman S Salifu
      Abstract: The study was carried out on 24 neonatal large white piglets at the National Livestock Breeding Station, Pong-Tamale to assess their performance when weaned at different ages and to determine the relationship between linear body measurements and the body weight of piglets in weight prediction. The piglets were randomly weaned at three selected weaning ages (4, 6 and 8 weeks) but reared under uniform conditions. Initial body weight (BW), initial body length (BL), initial chest girth (CG) and initial height at withers (HW); were measured. Weekly measurements of the parameters were taken for 20 weeks. By the 20th week, piglets weaned at 8 weeks were superior (P<0.05) by chest girth (58.14 cm) and body weight (18.43 kg) than those weaned at 6 weeks (50.50 cm and 12.79 kg) and 4 weeks (52.61 cm and 14.56 kg). No significant differences (P>0.05) were recorded in the body length and the height at withers of the selected weaned ages. The chest girth was the best predictor of body weight, yielding highest prediction accuracies of 92.3% (at 5 weeks), 76.9% (at 10 weeks), 86.1% (at 15 weeks) and 87.5% (at 20 weeks). Conclusively, large white piglets grew better when weaned at 8 weeks, and chest girth could be reliably used to predict body weight in large white grower pigs. Keywords: Swine, body measurements, linear, livestock, predictionCite this Article Birteeb Peter T, Tetteh Isaac O, Salifu Abdul-Rahaman S. Growth Perfor-mance and Weight Estimation of Large White Piglets Weaned at Different Ages. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 15–23p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Abscess on Right Thoracic Wall Due to Traumatic Reticulitis in a Buffalo
    • Authors: B Sudhakara Reddy, LSS Varaprasad Reddy, S Sivajothi
      Abstract: 3 year old heifer was presented to the clinic with repeated fever, anorexia and emaciation. Examination of  buffalo revealed fever, tachycardia, tachypnea, ruminal atony with bloat and hot, pain full abscess on right thoracic wall. Haematology revealed erythrocytopenia, leucocytosis with more number of band cells. Buffalo was treated with inj. strepto penicillin along with supportive therapy and external application of iodex ointment over the abscess. After completion of five days of therapy abscess was ruptured and pus was oozed out. While draining the pus three inches iron long needle was came out from the abscess. Improvement was noticed after completion of therapy. Keywords: Abscess on right thoracic wall, traumatic reticulitis, buffalo, needle Cite this Article Sudhakara Reddy B, Varaprasad Reddy LSS, Sivajothi S. Abscess on Right Thoracic Wall due to Traumatic Reticulitis in a Buffalo. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 24–26p.
      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Mammary Gland Fibroadenoma in a Bitch
    • Authors: Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary
      Abstract: The work was conducted on an adult German shepherd bitch having a growing lump in the mammary gland. Tentatively it appeared to be a case of benign tumour of first left thoracic mammary gland. Sample was collected for cytopathological and histopathological examination of the affected tissue. FNAC was done by Papanicoloau’s stain while routine paraffin embedding technique was employed for histopathological examination, which revealed it to be a case of mammary gland fibroadenoma which was then surgically removed successfully with full recovery. Keywords: Mammary gland fibroadenoma, benign tumour, FNACCite this Article Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary. Mammary Gland Fibroadenoma in a Bitch. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 27–28p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Haemato-Biochemical Changes in Staphylococcal Species Induced Mastitis in
           Mouse Model+
    • Authors: P Krishnamoorthy, M L Satyanarayana, B R Shome, Suguna Rao, H Rahman
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, haemato-biochemical changes in mouse mastitis by inoculating Staphylococcus epidermidis, S. chromogenes, S. haemolyticus and S. Aureus isolated from bovine milk was studied. Blood was collected by intracardiac route at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. Haematological changes noticed were: white blood cells (WBC) decreased in S. haemolyticus and S. chromogenes at 48 h; S. haemolyticus and S. aureus at 96 h. S. haemolyticus showed increased lymphocyte at 24 and 48 h and in S. aureus at 48 h. Neutrophil was decreased in S. haemolyticus and S. aureus group. Glucose increased at 6 h with three Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (CNS) species and S. aureus. Glucose and total protein increased in S. chromogenes infected mice. Globulin levels showed decrease in S. epidermidis and S. aureus. Albumin globulin ratio showed decreasing trend in S. chromogenes and S. haemolyticus inoculated mice. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level increased at 6 and 12 h in all infected groups. Alanine aminotransferase increased at 12 and 48 h in S. chromogenes and S. aureus respectively. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased at 6 h in all the infected mice. Thus, three CNS species induced haemato-biochemical changes in haemoglobin, WBC, neutrophil, glucose, total protein, AST and LDH which may be used as indicators for diagnosis of CNS species mastitis in mice. Keywords: Staphylococcus species, mouse mastitis, haemato-biochemical changesCite this Article Krishnamoorthy P, Satyanarayana ML, Shome BR, et al. Haemato-Biochemical Changes in Staphylococcal Species induced Mastitis in Mouse Model+. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 8–14p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Designing Mithun Specific Probes Towards Development of Microarray for
           Mithun (Bos frontalis)
    • Authors: M Mondal, M Karunakaran, KK Baruah
      Abstract: cDNA microarrays are powerful tools to analyze the expression pattern of thousands of genes simultaneously in response to treatments, during tissue differentiation or related to differences in traits. To get accurate results, the probes used in the microarray are to be specific to the species for which the array is being conducted. Non-availability of suitable microarray specific to mithun (Bos frontalis), a rare ruminant of Southeast Asia, limits its use to study the expression patterns of genes globally. Therefore, the authors designed the probes and developed a mithun-specific microarray for the first time. Transcripts obtained from bovine genome array in mithun tissues and from BLAST search were used to design probes and subsequent development of mithun-specific microarray. A total of 3,35,576 numbers of transcripts obtained from the next generation sequencing (through microarray using bovine genome array chips) of mithun tissues including several hundreds of unknown genes and others obtained for BLAST search (11,865) were used for designing the probes towards development of mithun-specific microarrays. A total of 3,47,441 probes were designed and length of each probe was 60 bp. The developed array has total features of 4,20,288, of which 4,16,505 features are readily available in the developed array. Besides, there are 3783 numbers of controls in the array to obtain high performance. In conclusion, the authors developed mithun-specific microarray using probes that are specific to this species for the first time. This microarray for mithun contains fully defined set of genes suitable for detailed analysis of expression of many genes involved in this species. The developed microarray will be of great use to analyze the molecular mechanisms controlling cell proliferation, differentiation in response to different treatments or variation in economic traits such as marbling and disease resistance in mithun. Keywords: Mithun, microarray, cDNA, transcripts, expression, genesCite this Article Mondal M, Karunakaran M, Baruah KK. Designing mithun specific probes towards development of microarray for mithun (Bos frontalis). Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 1–7p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-26
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Semen Preservation and Artificial Insemination in Bengal Goat at Field
           Level
    • Authors: M. Karunakaran, Ajoy Mandal, Mohan Mondal, C. Bhakat, S. Garai
      Abstract: Semen ejaculates (n=72) were collected from five Black Bengal Bucks by artificial vagina method. Semen samples were evaluated for volume, sperm cell concentration, motility and morphology. Semen samples were preserved using Tris –Egg yolk-Citrate buffer in liquid state at refrigeration temperature. Rural youths (n=21) were trained on artificial insemination (AI) in goats and preserved semen was used for AI in rural villages of West Bengal and kidding rate was recorded. Black Bengal buck semen was characterized by 0.75 ±0.25 ml volume, 1522 ± 35.30 X 106/ml sperm cell concentration, 85.40 ± 8.20% progressive forward motility and 92.0 ± 1.90% normal morphology. Significant (P<0.01) reduction in sperm motility was observed during storage at refrigeration temperature and sperm motility reduced to less than 40% after 96 h of storage. Out of 146 does inseminated with preserved semen, 69 does became pregnant and delivered kids with 47.26% kidding rate. It was concluded that Bengal buck semen can be preserved using Tris –Egg yolk- Citrate buffer at liquid state in refrigeration temperature and can be used for artificial insemination in remote villages over a four days of storage with acceptable kidding rate.Keywords: Goat, semen, preservation, inseminationCite this Article Karunakaran M, Ajoy Mandal, Mohan Mondal et al. Semen Preservation and Artificial Insemination in Bengal Goat at Field Level. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST) 2015; 4(2):   25–28p.

       
      PubDate: 2015-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Management of Zinc Responsive Dermatitis (Parakeratosis) in Buffaloes: A
           Report of 10 Cases
    • Authors: G. Kamalakar, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Deviprasad, B. Jagadeesh Kumar
      Abstract: Dermatitis due to zinc deficiency in buffaloes brought to the clinic was described in the current report. Scaly, eczematous lesions and areas of alopecia were observed at various parts of the body (face, ears, legs, udder, perineum, vulva, etc). Cracking at coronet and below the hock regions were also observed. Oral supplementation of zinc sulphate and topical application of zinc oxide resulted in complete resolution of the skin lesions. Keywords: Zinc responsive dermatitis, parakeratosis, and buffaloesCite this Article G. Kamalakar,  C. Pavan Kumar, 
      V. Deviprasad et al. Management of Zinc Responsive Dermatitis (Parakeratosis) in Buffaloes – A Report of 10 Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(2): 18–21p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-07-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Rupture of Suspensory Ligament of Udder: A Report of Three Cases
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, N. Sumiran, R. Mahesh, C. Pavan Kumar
      Abstract: Rupture of suspensory ligament of udder commonly known as “Dropped udder” is one of the rare affections of the udder to be considered as it ultimately decreases the productive life span of the animal and in turn its income generation to a greater extent. The present article gives a report on three different types of rupture of suspensory ligament of udder and its outcome. Surgical treatment was not considered as treatment of choice for this condition. Only supportive and physical therapies were adopted which were also in vain. Hence only proper managemental practices were felt reliable in order to prevent the condition and complications associated with it. Keywords: Udder suspensory ligament, dropped udderCite this Article Prasad V Devi, Sumiran N, Mahesh  R, et al. Rupture of Suspensory Ligament of Udder- A Report of Three Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(2): 22–24p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-07-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Immunohistochemical Detection of c-Myc in Lungs of Sheep with Ovine
           Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma
    • Authors: B.B. Manasa, V. Rama Devi, K. Satheesh, K. Lakshmi Kavita, P. Suresh, E. Janardhan Yadav
      Abstract: Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma, a naturally occurring lung cancer of sheep was diagnosed in seventeen cases at slaughter houses. Lung tumor tissues and associated lymph nodes were collected for histopathological and immunohistochemical studies. Histologically, the lung sections from OPA cases revealed areas of non encapsulated proliferation of alveolar epithelial cells in papillary or acinar pattern. Polyploid ingrowths were also noticed into the bronchioles. On immunostaining of lung sections, JSRV-MA protein was detected in the neoplastic cells confirming the JSRV infection. There was a strong nuclear labelling for
      c-Myc in most of the neoplastic cells indicating dysregulation of this particular oncogene in OPA. Keywords: Sheep, OPA, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, c-MycCite this Article B.B.Manasa, V.Rama Devi, K.Satheesh et al. Immunohistochemical Detection of c-Myc in Lungs of Sheep with Ovine Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(2): 14–17p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-07-20
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass
           Traits
    • Authors: Abdel-Hamid T. M, Dawod A
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ambient heat stress (30 ± 2°C) on three rabbit breeds of both sexes. Rabbit of four weeks age of both sexes were enrolled in 3*2 factorial experiment. The animals were grouped into three groups 49 New Zealand white (NZW), 34 Californian (CAL) and 46 Rex (RX). Each group were sub-grouped into two sex sub-groups. The fortnightly growth performance (live body weight (BW), body weight gain (WG), and average daily gain (ADG)) were estimated. Moreover, by the age of 10th week,   body length (BL); thoracic circumference (TC); abdominal circumference (AC); thigh circumference (THC); ear length (EL) and ear width (EW)) and some carcass traits (skin  weight, liver, heart with lung and trachea, kidneys, peri-scapular and peri-renal fat, hot carcass weight (HCW) and dressing-out percentage (DO%)) were recorded. The results of this study revealed that, the live body weight (BW) and average daily gain (ADG) of NZW (1130±18.1 g and 26.91±0.43 g/d, respectively) and RX (1120±16.4 g and 26.67±0.39 g/d, respectively) were significantly higher (P<0.01) than that of CAL (997±21.2 g and 23.75±0.50 g/d, respectively). The RX rabbits were significantly higher (P<0.01) for abdominal circumference (AC) and ear width (EW) compared with NZW and CAL. Significantly improved (P<0.01) dressing-out % (DO%) was recorded for CAL (60.03±0.37%) if they compared with NZW (58.46±0.33%) and RX (58.43±0.35%). In conclusion, breed variations had been evidenced for almost of growth, body measurements, and some of carcass traits, as NZW and RX showed better weight gain and average daily gain compared with CAL. However, CAL and NZW rabbits have lower body weight at slaughter than RX; they have the highest DO%. Keywords: Rabbit, New Zealand White, Californian, body measurements, carcassCite this Article Abdel-Hamid TM, Dawod A. Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass Traits, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2):7–13p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Mixed Lipoma in a Cow
    • Authors: sanjiv kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, Raj Kishore Sharma
      Abstract: In the present study an adult cow was brought to TVCC, Bihar Veterinary College, Patna with a large lump about 10 inches in size on the  left lateral aspect of anus. The lump started as a small nodule and gradually developed in a large mass. No treatment before was tried. Externally multiple warts like eruptions were found on the surface of the growth with many bleeding areas. Histopathological examination of the collected sample was done and it was diagnosed to be a case of mixed lipoma. After confirmation it was surgically removed and no further reoccurrence was reported. Keywords: Cow, mixed lipoma, mature fat cells, collagen fibres, spindle cellsCite this Article Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, et al. Mixed Lipoma in a Cow, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 4–6p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested
           with Demodex canis
    • Authors: Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, G. D. Singh, Ramesh Tiwary, S. Samantaray
      Abstract: The study was conducted on fifteen dogs (n = 8 demodicosis, n = 7 healthy) brought to Veterinary Clinics, Bihar Veterinary College Clinics to determine Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in erythrocyte of Demodex canis infested dog. Activity of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration were estimated in erythrocytes of dogs. Activity of CAT, SOD and TBARS concentration were higher in infected dogs than healthy dogs while and GSH concentration was higher in healthy dog than infected dogs. The results of the present study suggest that Demodex canis infestation cause oxidative stress in erythrocyte of dogs. Keywords: Demodex, SOD, GSH, Antioxidant, CATCite this Article Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, Singh GD., et al. Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested with Demodex canis. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 1–3p.

      PubDate: 2015-06-22
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Hematobiochemical Alteration in Naturally Infected Cattle with Fasciola
           under Tropical Region
    • Authors: Anil Gattani, Ajeet Kumar, G. D. Singh, Ramesh Tiwary, Anil Kumar, Arvind Kumar Das, S. Samantaray
      Abstract: Fascioliasis is among one of the emerging and re-emerging disease which has zoonotic importance and spread by feco-oral route. The migrating fluke causes extensive liver damage results in economic burden to the animal farmer. In present investigation 20 cattle were used to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alteration in naturally acquired fasciola infection and without other diseases. Decreased Hemoglobin, Packed cell volume (PCV), Red blood cells (RBC) count whereas; an elevated level of Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) was observed in infected cattle. Hypoproteinemia, hypoalbunemia and hypoglycemia was recorded in infected cattle. The activities of serum enzyme Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine amino transferase (ALT), Gamma-glutamyl tranferase (GGT) and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were increased in fasciola infection.Keywords: Fasciola, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, GGTCite this Article: Anil Gattani, Ajeet Kumar, Singh G. D., et al.; Hematobiochemical Alteration in Naturally Infected Cattle with Fasciola under Tropical Region; Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 20–23p. 
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Dystocia Due to Foetal Anasarca in Nellore Sheep: A Report of 5 Cases
    • Authors: K. Ramachandria, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Devi Prasad
      Abstract: Five Nellore ewes were presented to veterinary hospital with history of dystocia with full term pregnancy. As field veterinarian handled it with traction and failed, caesariotomy was conducted as per the procedure and the oversized fetuses were delivered.The ewes were maintained post-operative measures and recovered. All the delivered fetuses were showing conditions of foetal anasarca along with other anomalies like cleft palate, reduced body cavity short legs and atresia ani.Keywords: Dystocia, nellore sheep, foetal anasarca, caesariotomy, cleft palateCite this Article: K. Ramachandriah, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Devi Prasad. Dystocia Due to Foetal Anasarca in Nellore Sheep – A Report of 5 Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 17–19p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Dystocia in Nellore Brown Ewe Due to Breech Presentation of Twin Lamb
    • Authors: K. Jyothi, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, K. Sai Gunaranjan, M. Mutha Rao
      Abstract: A Nellore Brown ewe in its first parity was presented to the clinic with a complaint of abdominal straining. Previous day it delivered a live male lamb. Abdominal palpation revealed presence of another lamb. Per vaginal examination revealed breech presentation of lamb. Both rear legs brought into birth canal and a dead female lamb removed with gentle traction. Prolonged dystocia may lead to death of lamb and economical losses, if presented early the lamb losses can be lowered.Keywords: Breech presentation, traction, dystocia, nellore brown, fetalCite this Article: K. Jyothi, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, K. Sai Gunaranjan, M. Mutha Rao. Dystocia in Nellore Brown Ewe Due to Breech Presentation of Twin Lamb. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 14–16p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-10
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Pneumovagina in A Buffalo: A Case Study
    • Authors: S. Bhakthavatchalam, B. SomaSekhar Reddy, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy
      Abstract: The present communication reports a case study on pneumovagina in a buffalo associated with froathy urine and uterine discharges. Condition was diagnosed on the basis of per rectal and clinical examination. It was treated with course of antibiotic and other supportive therapy. The buffalo was free from infection after 20 days of therapy, but recurrence was noticed after six months of therapy.Keywords: Bubalus bubalis, pneumovagina, metritis, repeat breederCite this Article: Bhakthavatchalam S, Reddy BSS, Reddy YVP. Pneumovagina in A Buffalo – A Case Study. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 12–13p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-07
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Successful Management of Mummified Foetus in a Non-Descript Buffalo
    • Authors: G. Kamalakar, M. Mutha Rao, A. Ganeshan
      Abstract: The present case report explicates the therapeutic management of foetal mummification in a pluriparous non-descript buffalo which was characterized by prolonged gestation. The case was successfully handled with combination therapy using hormones and corticosteroids, which recovered without any post-operative complications by preserving the future fertility.Keywords: Foetal mummification, non-descript buffalo, PGF2α, corticosteroidsCite this Article:Kamalakar G, Rao MM, Ganeshan A. Successful Management of Mummified Foetus in a Non-Descript Buffalo. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 9–11p. 
      PubDate: 2015-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Perineal Hernia in a Buffalo Heifer: A Case Report
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, B. Chandra Prasad, G. Kamalakar, R. Mahesh
      Abstract: A very rare case of perineal hernia has been recorded in a graded Murrah buffalo heifer calf. Chronic diarrhoea and tenesmus were thought to weaken the pelvic diaphragm and subsequent trauma lead to herniation of pelvic viscera like urinary bladder and a loop of large intestine. The herniation was bilateral appearing on either side of the anus. Herniorrhaphy was carried out under local analgesia and no recurrence was noticed thereafter.Keywords: Perineal hernia, buffalo heifer, chronic diarrhoeaCite this Article: Prasad VD, Prasad BC, Kamalakar G, et al. Perineal Hernia in a Buffalo Heifer: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 5–8p.
      PubDate: 2015-03-26
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Management of Assets and Consumables Purchase for Quality Semen Production
    • Authors: G.K Mishra, R.P. Tiwari
      Abstract: India has 51 semen stations (Central Monitoring Unit constituted by Government of India Statistics, 2011) in different states including government, cooperative and private. With the prime objective to produce quality semen, these semen stations need to have proper processing of semen which requires good quality equipments and laboratory consumables. To produce top quality semen, specific make requirements with quality standards are purchased with higher rates based on the recommendation of purchase committee whereas routine materials are purchased on lowest rate quotation basis. Quarterly purchase practice in consultation with Veterinarian related to semen production is beneficial over and above the monthly or yearly purchase as to avoid frequent shortfall and deterioration in quality due to long storage.Keywords: Consumable, equipment, purchase, semen productionCite this Article: Mishra GK, Tiwari RP. Management of Assets and Consumables Purchase for Quality Semen Production. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 1–4p.
      PubDate: 2015-03-24
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Therapeutic Studies of Levamisole Hydrochloride on Clinical Cases of
           Bovine Papillomatosis
    • Authors: Pavan Kumar C, Syaama Sundar N., Soma Sekhar Reddy B
      Abstract: The study was conducted on 48 cross breed cattle which were identified as clinical cases suffering from cutaneous papillomatosis (warts). Lesions were found as clusters especially on the shoulders, head, neck, udder, teats, dewlap, eyes and in the ear canal. The ailing cattle (n = 48) were given Levamisole @ 2.5 mg/kg body weight orally for six days as per the schedule (1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 16th day). Gradual changes like reduction in size, color, dryness, sloughing of dead tissue were observed during the course of treatment. Complete healing was observed 10—15 days after the last dose of administration. In case of extensive lesions, two more doses at an interval of 10 days yielded good results. In the current study, it is concluded that Levamisole can be successfully used for treating the clinical cases of bovine papillomatosis.Keywords: Bovine papillomatosis, warts, levamisole, immunomodulator
      PubDate: 2015-01-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2015)
       
 
 
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