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Journal Cover   Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2349-3690
   Published by STM Journals Homepage  [61 journals]
  • Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass
           Traits
    • Authors: Abdel-Hamid T. M, Dawod A
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ambient heat stress (30 ± 2°C) on three rabbit breeds of both sexes. Rabbit of four weeks age of both sexes were enrolled in 3*2 factorial experiment. The animals were grouped into three groups 49 New Zealand white (NZW), 34 Californian (CAL) and 46 Rex (RX). Each group were sub-grouped into two sex sub-groups. The fortnightly growth performance (live body weight (BW), body weight gain (WG), and average daily gain (ADG)) were estimated. Moreover, by the age of 10th week,   body length (BL); thoracic circumference (TC); abdominal circumference (AC); thigh circumference (THC); ear length (EL) and ear width (EW)) and some carcass traits (skin  weight, liver, heart with lung and trachea, kidneys, peri-scapular and peri-renal fat, hot carcass weight (HCW) and dressing-out percentage (DO%)) were recorded. The results of this study revealed that, the live body weight (BW) and average daily gain (ADG) of NZW (1130±18.1 g and 26.91±0.43 g/d, respectively) and RX (1120±16.4 g and 26.67±0.39 g/d, respectively) were significantly higher (P<0.01) than that of CAL (997±21.2 g and 23.75±0.50 g/d, respectively). The RX rabbits were significantly higher (P<0.01) for abdominal circumference (AC) and ear width (EW) compared with NZW and CAL. Significantly improved (P<0.01) dressing-out % (DO%) was recorded for CAL (60.03±0.37%) if they compared with NZW (58.46±0.33%) and RX (58.43±0.35%). In conclusion, breed variations had been evidenced for almost of growth, body measurements, and some of carcass traits, as NZW and RX showed better weight gain and average daily gain compared with CAL. However, CAL and NZW rabbits have lower body weight at slaughter than RX; they have the highest DO%. Keywords: Rabbit, New Zealand White, Californian, body measurements, carcassCite this Article Abdel-Hamid TM, Dawod A. Impacts of Ambient Heat Stress on Growing Rabbit Performance and Carcass Traits, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2):7–13p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-29
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Mixed Lipoma in a Cow
    • Authors: sanjiv kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, Raj Kishore Sharma
      Abstract: In the present study an adult cow was brought to TVCC, Bihar Veterinary College, Patna with a large lump about 10 inches in size on the  left lateral aspect of anus. The lump started as a small nodule and gradually developed in a large mass. No treatment before was tried. Externally multiple warts like eruptions were found on the surface of the growth with many bleeding areas. Histopathological examination of the collected sample was done and it was diagnosed to be a case of mixed lipoma. After confirmation it was surgically removed and no further reoccurrence was reported. Keywords: Cow, mixed lipoma, mature fat cells, collagen fibres, spindle cellsCite this Article Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary, Gyan Deo Singh, et al. Mixed Lipoma in a Cow, Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 4–6p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-06-28
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested
           with Demodex canis
    • Authors: Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, G. D. Singh, Ramesh Tiwary, S. Samantaray
      Abstract: The study was conducted on fifteen dogs (n = 8 demodicosis, n = 7 healthy) brought to Veterinary Clinics, Bihar Veterinary College Clinics to determine Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in erythrocyte of Demodex canis infested dog. Activity of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration were estimated in erythrocytes of dogs. Activity of CAT, SOD and TBARS concentration were higher in infected dogs than healthy dogs while and GSH concentration was higher in healthy dog than infected dogs. The results of the present study suggest that Demodex canis infestation cause oxidative stress in erythrocyte of dogs. Keywords: Demodex, SOD, GSH, Antioxidant, CATCite this Article Ajeet Kumar, Anil Gattani, Singh GD., et al. Antioxidant Status and Lipid Peroxidation in Erythrocyte of Dog Infested with Demodex canis. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology (RRJoVST). 2015; 4(2): 1–3p.

      PubDate: 2015-06-22
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Hematobiochemical Alteration in Naturally Infected Cattle with Fasciola
           under Tropical Region
    • Authors: Anil Gattani, Ajeet Kumar, G. D. Singh, Ramesh Tiwary, Anil Kumar, Arvind Kumar Das, S. Samantaray
      Abstract: Fascioliasis is among one of the emerging and re-emerging disease which has zoonotic importance and spread by feco-oral route. The migrating fluke causes extensive liver damage results in economic burden to the animal farmer. In present investigation 20 cattle were used to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alteration in naturally acquired fasciola infection and without other diseases. Decreased Hemoglobin, Packed cell volume (PCV), Red blood cells (RBC) count whereas; an elevated level of Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) was observed in infected cattle. Hypoproteinemia, hypoalbunemia and hypoglycemia was recorded in infected cattle. The activities of serum enzyme Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine amino transferase (ALT), Gamma-glutamyl tranferase (GGT) and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were increased in fasciola infection.Keywords: Fasciola, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, GGTCite this Article: Anil Gattani, Ajeet Kumar, Singh G. D., et al.; Hematobiochemical Alteration in Naturally Infected Cattle with Fasciola under Tropical Region; Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 20–23p. 
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Dystocia Due to Foetal Anasarca in Nellore Sheep: A Report of 5 Cases
    • Authors: K. Ramachandria, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Devi Prasad
      Abstract: Five Nellore ewes were presented to veterinary hospital with history of dystocia with full term pregnancy. As field veterinarian handled it with traction and failed, caesariotomy was conducted as per the procedure and the oversized fetuses were delivered.The ewes were maintained post-operative measures and recovered. All the delivered fetuses were showing conditions of foetal anasarca along with other anomalies like cleft palate, reduced body cavity short legs and atresia ani.Keywords: Dystocia, nellore sheep, foetal anasarca, caesariotomy, cleft palateCite this Article: K. Ramachandriah, C. Pavan Kumar, V. Devi Prasad. Dystocia Due to Foetal Anasarca in Nellore Sheep – A Report of 5 Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 17–19p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Dystocia in Nellore Brown Ewe Due to Breech Presentation of Twin Lamb
    • Authors: K. Jyothi, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, K. Sai Gunaranjan, M. Mutha Rao
      Abstract: A Nellore Brown ewe in its first parity was presented to the clinic with a complaint of abdominal straining. Previous day it delivered a live male lamb. Abdominal palpation revealed presence of another lamb. Per vaginal examination revealed breech presentation of lamb. Both rear legs brought into birth canal and a dead female lamb removed with gentle traction. Prolonged dystocia may lead to death of lamb and economical losses, if presented early the lamb losses can be lowered.Keywords: Breech presentation, traction, dystocia, nellore brown, fetalCite this Article: K. Jyothi, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy, K. Sai Gunaranjan, M. Mutha Rao. Dystocia in Nellore Brown Ewe Due to Breech Presentation of Twin Lamb. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 14–16p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-10
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Pneumovagina in A Buffalo: A Case Study
    • Authors: S. Bhakthavatchalam, B. SomaSekhar Reddy, Y.V. Pridhvidhar Reddy
      Abstract: The present communication reports a case study on pneumovagina in a buffalo associated with froathy urine and uterine discharges. Condition was diagnosed on the basis of per rectal and clinical examination. It was treated with course of antibiotic and other supportive therapy. The buffalo was free from infection after 20 days of therapy, but recurrence was noticed after six months of therapy.Keywords: Bubalus bubalis, pneumovagina, metritis, repeat breederCite this Article: Bhakthavatchalam S, Reddy BSS, Reddy YVP. Pneumovagina in A Buffalo – A Case Study. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 12–13p.
      PubDate: 2015-04-07
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Successful Management of Mummified Foetus in a Non-Descript Buffalo
    • Authors: G. Kamalakar, M. Mutha Rao, A. Ganeshan
      Abstract: The present case report explicates the therapeutic management of foetal mummification in a pluriparous non-descript buffalo which was characterized by prolonged gestation. The case was successfully handled with combination therapy using hormones and corticosteroids, which recovered without any post-operative complications by preserving the future fertility.Keywords: Foetal mummification, non-descript buffalo, PGF2α, corticosteroidsCite this Article:Kamalakar G, Rao MM, Ganeshan A. Successful Management of Mummified Foetus in a Non-Descript Buffalo. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 9–11p. 
      PubDate: 2015-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Perineal Hernia in a Buffalo Heifer: A Case Report
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, B. Chandra Prasad, G. Kamalakar, R. Mahesh
      Abstract: A very rare case of perineal hernia has been recorded in a graded Murrah buffalo heifer calf. Chronic diarrhoea and tenesmus were thought to weaken the pelvic diaphragm and subsequent trauma lead to herniation of pelvic viscera like urinary bladder and a loop of large intestine. The herniation was bilateral appearing on either side of the anus. Herniorrhaphy was carried out under local analgesia and no recurrence was noticed thereafter.Keywords: Perineal hernia, buffalo heifer, chronic diarrhoeaCite this Article: Prasad VD, Prasad BC, Kamalakar G, et al. Perineal Hernia in a Buffalo Heifer: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 5–8p.
      PubDate: 2015-03-26
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Management of Assets and Consumables Purchase for Quality Semen Production
    • Authors: G.K Mishra, R.P. Tiwari
      Abstract: India has 51 semen stations (Central Monitoring Unit constituted by Government of India Statistics, 2011) in different states including government, cooperative and private. With the prime objective to produce quality semen, these semen stations need to have proper processing of semen which requires good quality equipments and laboratory consumables. To produce top quality semen, specific make requirements with quality standards are purchased with higher rates based on the recommendation of purchase committee whereas routine materials are purchased on lowest rate quotation basis. Quarterly purchase practice in consultation with Veterinarian related to semen production is beneficial over and above the monthly or yearly purchase as to avoid frequent shortfall and deterioration in quality due to long storage.Keywords: Consumable, equipment, purchase, semen productionCite this Article: Mishra GK, Tiwari RP. Management of Assets and Consumables Purchase for Quality Semen Production. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(1): 1–4p.
      PubDate: 2015-03-24
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
       
  • Therapeutic Studies of Levamisole Hydrochloride on Clinical Cases of
           Bovine Papillomatosis
    • Authors: Pavan Kumar C, Syaama Sundar N., Soma Sekhar Reddy B
      Abstract: The study was conducted on 48 cross breed cattle which were identified as clinical cases suffering from cutaneous papillomatosis (warts). Lesions were found as clusters especially on the shoulders, head, neck, udder, teats, dewlap, eyes and in the ear canal. The ailing cattle (n = 48) were given Levamisole @ 2.5 mg/kg body weight orally for six days as per the schedule (1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 16th day). Gradual changes like reduction in size, color, dryness, sloughing of dead tissue were observed during the course of treatment. Complete healing was observed 10—15 days after the last dose of administration. In case of extensive lesions, two more doses at an interval of 10 days yielded good results. In the current study, it is concluded that Levamisole can be successfully used for treating the clinical cases of bovine papillomatosis.Keywords: Bovine papillomatosis, warts, levamisole, immunomodulator
      PubDate: 2015-01-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2015)
       
  • Auto-Haemotherapy for Warts in Cattle
    • Authors: B Soma Sekhara Reddy, B. Sudhakara Reddy
      Abstract: Two cattle with presence of chronic cutaneous warts were presented to the clinic. Based on the morphology of lesions and history condition was diagnosed as warts. Auto haemotherapy was given to treat the warts. Fresh blood from the affected cattle was collected (@ 5 ml/100 kg body weight) and administered to the same animal. Half the dose was given as a deep intra muscularly and the other half as subcutaneously. Treatment was repeated at weekly intervals for 4 weeks until complete regression of the warts. The warts gradually regressed and sloughed. Present study reports the successful treatment of papillomas using auto-heamotherapy.Keywords: Auto-haemotherapy, buffaloes, blood, warts
      PubDate: 2015-01-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2015)
       
 
 
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