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Journal Cover Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology
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   ISSN (Print) 2349-3690
   Published by STM Journals Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Reproductive Performance of Local Rabbits from Three Ecotypes in Northern
           Ghana
    • Authors: Shuaib M.A. Husein, Jakper Naandam, Serekye Y. Annor, Peter T. Birteeb
      Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to compare the reproductive performance of local rabbits from three different locations in northern Ghana. Purposive sampling was used to acquire 90 weaned rabbits, which were reared for nine months. In all, 24 females and 6 males were reared in each of the three regions in northern part of Ghana (Northern, Upper East and Upper West) for reproductive traits measurement. Parameters measured were gestation, litter size at birth, litter size at weaning, birth weight and weaning weight. Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance using SPSS. Average of three kindles per doe was recorded over nine months. Litter size ranged from 1 to 5 kits in the first kindle (parity) in all the regions. It however, increased from 1 to 8 kits in the second and third parity (kindle). Animals in the Upper West region weighed heavier than those in the other regions except weaning weight in the first kindle in which case the Northern region was superior. Birth weight in northern region was lower (p < 0.05) than that of Upper West region but similar (p > 0.05) to that of the Upper East region. Upper West region had the highest birth weight (p < 0.01) than Northern and Upper East regions. Location (region) influenced both birth and weaning weights and so should be considered in selection and breeding of rabbits in this part of the country. Preweaning mortality was high when does were beginners in reproduction. Keywords: Mortality, kindling, weaning weight, gestation, litter sizeCite this Article Husein Shuaib MA, Naandam Jakper, Annor Serekye Y, et al. Reproductive Performance of Local Rabbits from Three Ecotypes in Northern Ghana. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(3): 14–20p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-11-24
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Management of Burns in Companion Animals: A Report of Three Cases
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, P. Ravi Kumar, Makkena Sreenu, N.V.V. Harikrishna
      Abstract: Three cases of burns in a dog, monkey and an emu bird were reported. The dog had a deep partial thickness burn, on the anterolateral aspect of right hind limb and a superficial burn on the tip of the glans penis. The baby monkey had a deep and full thickness burn on the abaxial surface of the left palm. The emu bird had a partial thickness burn. They were treated successfully with fluid therapy, antibiotics, opiates and silver sulphadiazine ointment. Keywords: Burns, antiseptic ointment, partial thickness burns, full thickness burnsCite this Article Devi Prasad V, Ravi Kumar P, Makkena Sreenu et al. Management of Burns in Companion Animals: A Report of Three Cases. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(3): 21–24p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-11-24
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Transgenic or Genetically Modified Farm Animals and their Applications: A
           Review
    • Authors: Manoj Kumar, Poonam Ratwan, Vikas Vohra
      Abstract: Transgenic are genetically modified organisms with DNA from another source inserted into their genome. Genetic modification of livestock is beneficial to human health by economic and efficient production of important pharmaceutical proteins and also useful to study human diseases. Transgenic livestock include different kinds of animals modified with the intention of improving economically important traits such as growth rate, quality of meat, milk composition, disease resistance and survival. Udder health and survival are the most important traits improved by transgenic technology in cattle. Transgenic cows with resistance to BSE have been bred. Sheep have been modified to improve wool production and immunity and to reduce the risk of mortality following infections by bacteria and lethal viruses. Pigs have been engineered to grow faster and to produce more meat with less feed consumption and the composition of pork has also been improved for healthier human consumption. Several methods are used for the production of transgenic animals like DNA microinjection, retrovirus-mediated gene transfer and embryonic stem (ES) cell-mediated gene transfer etc. Currently, a significant research is being carried out in order to produce genetically modified (GM) or transgenic animals that may yield improvements in animal breeding, genetics and reproduction. Keywords: Transgenic, livestock, applications, genetically modified animalsCite this Article Manoj Kumar, Poonam Ratwan, Vikas Vohra. Transgenic or Genetically Modified farm animals and their applications: A Review. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(3): 25–34p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-11-24
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Management of Enteritis due to Entamoeba histolytica in a Pup
    • Authors: M. Areshkumar, P. Vijayalakshmi, D. Selvi, A. Yasotha
      Abstract: A 45 days old, nondescript pup was presented to TVCC, RIVER with the history of whitish diarrhea for the past two days with normal appetite and reduced growth rate. The puppy was dull and depressed. Puppy was not vaccinated, not dewormed and fed with only milk. The Conjunctival mucous membrane was pale pink in color, rectal temperature 103.3°F and heart rate 147 bpm. Other vital parameters were normal. A fresh wet mount of feces was examined for parasites and the organism Entamoeba histolytica was found. To confirm this, a drop of Lugol’s iodine was added to the wet mount and examined. The pup was treated with oral suspensions Septran® and Griptol® for 10 days. After 10 days, the faecal sample showed negative for E. histolytica. Keywords: Amoebiasis, puppy, diarrheaCite this Article Areshkumar M, Vijayalakshmi P, Selvi D, et al. Management of Enteritis due to Entamoeba histolytica in a Pup. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(3): 12–13p.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Synthetic Mesh with Fascial Overlay Grafting for Repair of Umbilical
           Hernia in an Ongole Calf
    • Authors: P. Ravi Kumar, P. Vidya Sagar, Makkena Sreenu, D. Baghya Raju
      Abstract: An 8-month-old ongole male calf presented to the clinics with a swelling at the umbilicus was diagnosed to have incisional umbilical hernia. Hernioplasty was performed under light plane of anesthesia using a nylon mesh with fascial overlay and observed no further recurrence of the condition. The clinical signs, surgical procedure and outcome of the case were discussed. Keywords: Umbilical hernia, hernioplasty, fascial overlay, hernial ringCite this Article Ravi Kumar P, Vidya Sagar P, Makkena Sreenu, et al. Synthetic Mesh with Fascial Overlay Grafting for Repair of Umbilical Hernia in an Ongole Calf. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(3): 9–11p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Effect of Detoxified Neem Seed Cake on Carcass Characteristics in Growing
           Bannur Lambs
    • Authors: P. Krishnamoorthy, S.B.N. Rao, D. Dinesh Kumar, S. Jash, H. Rahman
      Abstract: The present study was conducted to know the effect of two levels of detoxified neem (Azadirachta indica) seed cake (DNC) on the carcass characteristics of male lambs. Eighteen male lambs were randomly divided in three groups of six each with group I control concentrate containing soyabean meal (SBM) and group II and III fed with concentrate mixtures containing defatted and DNC at two levels DNC25 and DNC50 for five months. At the end of feeding trial, the sheep were slaughtered humanely and slaughter weight, carcass weight, dressing percentages, and percentage weight of various organs were calculated and analysed statistically. The mean±SE slaughter weight (kg) and carcass weight (kg) of sheep were 18.33±1.27 and 13.65±0.95 in group I, 17.68±1.28 and 13.15±1.03 in group II, 18.00±0.99 and 13.71±0.79 in group III, respectively. The dressing percentages on slaughter weight basis were 49.74±1.26, 49.69±1.04 and 51.94±0.55, respectively. No significant difference in the slaughter weight, carcass weight and dressing percentages between the three groups was observed. The percentage of slaughter weight of various organs like skin, head, feet, heart, lungs, spleen, testicles, kidney and liver showed no significant difference between the treatment and control groups. Thus, the detoxified neem seed cake can be fed to sheep as protein replacement without affecting the carcass characteristics, which will reduce the feed cost and improve the profitability of the sheep farmers in India. Keywords: Detoxified neem seed cake, bannur sheep, carcass characteristics  Cite this Article Krishnamoorthy P, Rao SBN, Dinesh Kumar D, et al. Effect of Detoxified Neem Seed Cake on Carcass Characteristics in Growing Bannur Lambs. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(3): 1–5p. 
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Reconstruction of Second Degree Vulvo-vaginal Laceration in a She Buffalo:
           A Case Report
    • Authors: P. Ravi Kumar, V. Devi Prasad, D. Bhagya Raju, B. Sailaja
      Abstract: Abstract An 8-year-old she buffalo was presented with an injury on the ventrolateral aspect, the vulva was diagnosed to have a second degree vulvo-vaginal laceration resulting from a horn gore. The wound was debrided and was reconstructed under local infiltration analgesia which ensured a good recovery without any postoperative complications. Keywords: Vaginal laceration, reconstruction, second-degree lacerations, buffaloesCite this Article P. Ravi Kumar, V. Devi Prasad, D. Bhagya Raju, et al. Reconstruction of Second Degree Vulvo-vaginal Laceration in a She Buffalo: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(3): 6–8p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Vetinformatics: A New Paradigm for Quality Veterinary Services
    • Authors: Sujatha P.L., Kumarasamy P., Preetha S.P., Balachandran C.
      Abstract: Infectious disease management in animals is a tedious task in the developing world. Computational advancements in medical sciences play a crucial role in the drug development and research. Clinical trials may have the limitations due to the ethical issues, hence a new arena has been used to explore for minimization of animal modelling. “Vetinformatics” is the new approach which deals with databases, proteomics, genomics, drug designing, phylogenetics etc. in veterinary sciences. Insilico drug discovery in veterinary sciences is yet to develop up to the mark in developing countries like India. Application of vetinformatics needs to be focused in future to strengthen veterinary service, research and its development. Keywords: Vetinformatics, insilico drug discovery, bioinformaticsCite this Article Sujatha PL, Kumarasamy P, Preetha SP et al. Vetinformatics: A New Paradigm for Quality Veterinary Services. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 16–19p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-08-28
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Atypical Traumatic Trigeminal Neuritis in a Labrador Retriever Dog: A Case
           Report
    • Authors: V. Devi Prasad, P. Ravi Kumar, M. Raghunath, N. V. V. Harikrishna, D. Bhagyaraju
      Abstract: Acute trigeminal neuritis of traumatic origin was diagnosed in a middle-aged Labrador retriever dog based on clinical signs, such as dropped jaw, loss of corneal reflex, drooling of saliva, etc. Certain symptoms, such as Horner’s syndrome, masticatory muscle atrophy, etc., were absent, while intact swallowing reflex, partial paralysis of tongue with lateral deviation were the atypical clinical signs. Complete recovery was observed within 45 days with supportive therapy and management by the client. Keywords: Atypical trigeminal neuritis, dropped jaw, labrador Cite this Article Devi Prasad V, Kumar PR, Raghunath M, et al. Atypical Traumatic Trigeminal Neuritis in a Labrador Retriever Dog: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 12–15p. 
      PubDate: 2016-07-16
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Tachycardia due to Colibacillosis in a Calf and its Management
    • Authors: B Sudhakara Reddy, S. Bharathi, T. Nagendra Reddy, S. Sivajothi
      Abstract: A two-month-old calf was referred to the clinic with watery and foul odour diarrhoea, pyrexia, weakness and dehydration. Microbial examination of dung revealed gram-negative Escherichia coli organisms and was free from parasitic ova. It showed alteration in the haematology and up on electrocardiography tachycardia was noticed. Present case was successfully treated with parenteral gentamicin along with fluid therapy. Keywords: Calves, ECG, Escherichia coli, gentamicin, tachycardiaCite this Article B. Sudhakara Reddy, S. Bharathi, T. Nagendra Reddy, S. Sivajothi. Tachycardia due to colibacillosis in a calf and its management. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 9–11p.
      PubDate: 2016-07-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Use of Nitrates and Sulphates as Hydrogen Sink in Reducing Enteric Methane
           Production
    • Authors: Sandeep Uniyal, A. K Mishra, J. K. Sahoo, V. K. Munde, G. K. Mishra, Aswin K.
      Abstract: Methane (CH4) and other gases like carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), are green house gases (GHGs) that aggravates the effects of solar and thermal radiation on surface and atmospheric temperature. CH4 is the second largest GHG having 21 times more heat generation potential than CO2. Global livestock agriculture was responsible for 18% of the anthropogenic GHG emissions annually. CH4 production in the rumen accounts for 2–12 % loss of gross energy and consequently influence performance of ruminants. So, reducing ruminant CH4 emissions is an important objective for ensuring the sustainability of ruminant-based livestock farming. CH4 is formed in the rumen by methanogens (part of the domain Archaea), mainly from H2 and CO2. Within the rumen microbial food web, methanogens perform the beneficial task of removing H2, that allows reduced cofactors to be reoxidized and recycled, thereby enhancing the breakdown and fermentation of plant material. Therefore, rumen CH4 mitigation strategies need to consider alternative routes of H2 utilization. Nitrates and sulphates are potent inhibitors of CH4 in many anaerobic system including rumen; these salts have greater affinity for H2 as compared to CO2 resulting in net reduction in CH4 production. Experimental evidence suggest that nitrate and sulphate inhibit CH4 production both in vitro and in vivo without any adverse effect on rumen fermentation but the drawback is that nitrate is toxic to the animals; so supplementation at lower level helps the animal to acclimatize and reduces the chances of toxicity Keywords: Methane (CH4), sulphates, hydrogen, methanogens, fermentationCite this Article Uniyal S, Mishra AK, Aswin K, et al. Use of Nitrates and Sulphates as Hydrogen Sink in Reducing Enteric Methane Production. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 5–8p.

      PubDate: 2016-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia-Pyometra Complex in a Bitch: A Case Report
    • Authors: B. Sailaja, P. Ravi Kumar, Ch. Sudha Rani Chowdary
      Abstract: An eight-year-old nulliparous Spitz bitch was presented to clinics with a complaint of persistent vomiting and anorexia since fifteen days. It had a history of purulent discharges from vulva one year back. Based on findings of clinical examination, radiography, ultrasonography and laboratory reports, the condition was diagnosed as cystic endometrial hyperplasia. The clinical symptomology, surgical outcome of the case along with histopathological and immunohistochemical studies of the affected uterus were discussed. Keywords: Endometrial hyperplasia, nulliparous, hemometra, hydrometra, ovariohysterectomyCite this Article P. Ravi Kumar, B. Sailaja, Ch. Sudha Rani Chowdary. Cystic Endometrial Hyperplasia-pyometra Complex in a Bitch: A Case Report. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(2): 1–4p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Dog Bite Induced Cystorhexis in a Dog
    • Authors: Raghunath M, Ravi Kumar P, Vidya Sagar P, Devi Prasad V
      Abstract: A two years male Pomeranian dog was presented to clinics with a history of dog bite wounds on the ventral abdomen, anurea and anorexia since last two days. It was tentatively diagnosed as lower urinary tract trauma with uroperitoneum based on physical examination, abdominocentesis, radiography and ultrasonography. Emergency laparotomy under general anaesthesia was performed and cystorraphy was done after retrograde catheterization of the urethra and an indwelling catheter was placed to drain the abdomen. The clinical outcome of case was discussed. Keywords: Cystorhexis, Cystorraphy, Dog bite, Indwelling catheter, Uroperitoneum Cite this Article Raghunath M, Ravi Kumar P, Vidya Sagar P et al. Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Dog Bite Induced Cystorhexis in a Dog. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 20–22p. 
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Phenotypic Variances in ‘Djallonke’ Sheep reared under Extensive
           Management System in Tolon District of Ghana
    • Authors: Peter T. Birteeb, Dickson Donkor
      Abstract: The study of the phenotypic body traits of the West African Dwarf (Djallonke’) sheep in the Tolon District of Ghana is necessary for the attainment of detailed description of this breed. A total of 124 sheep were randomly selected from flocks reared under extensive system by farmers. Biometric traits including live body weight (LW), rump height (RH), height at withers (HW), body length (BL), neck length (NL), ear length (EL) and tail length (TL) were measured, while qualitative traits including coat colour, fur texture and sex were observed. Chi-square and Cramer’s V tests revealed that sex was associated with fur texture but not coat colour pattern. Fixed effects of sex and fur texture on biometric traits were tested using GLM, while Principal Component Factor Analysis was used to identify latent factors in body composition. Seven different colour patterns were identified of which white dominated as solid or pairing with brown or black. Male and female sheep were generally similar (P > 0.05) in biometric traits except for LW and NL (P < 0.05), while animals with smooth fur texture had significantly (P < 0.05) higher LW, BL, NL and TL. The overall mean values of 20.73 ± 0.44 Kg, 53.26 ± 0.48, 52.79 ± 0.48, 46.95 ± 0.47, 24.29 ± 0.30, 10.61 ± 0.15, and 25.66 ± 0.35 cm were obtained for LW, RH, HW, BL, NL, EL and TL, respectively. Two latent factors (PC’s) were extracted to explain a maximum variation of 71.55% with the first PC comprising of RH, HW, BL and TL, which accounted for 52.21% variation to indicate the general body size of the Djallonke’ sheep. The second PC seemed to indicate the length of the anterior region. The two PC’s could be exploited by researchers and breeders in selection and improvement of the breed. Keywords: Body measurements, breed, coat colour, principal component, qualitative traits, WADCite this Article Peter T. Birteeb, Dickson Donkor. Phenotypic Variances in ‘Djallonke’ Sheep reared under Extensive Management System in Tolon District of Ghana. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 23–29p.

      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Significance of Artificial Insemination in Poultry
    • Authors: Kharayat N. S., Chaudhary G. R., Katiyar R., Balmurugan B., Patel M., Uniyal S., Raza M., Mishra G. K.
      Abstract: Artificial insemination (AI) involves the deposition of semen into female reproductive tract manually. It starts from the collection of the semen from the male and its evaluation in terms of motility, viability and concentration followed by its deposition into female reproductive tract. Sexual maturity in both male and female bird occurs at 18 weeks of age. One ejaculate of a male can cover up 20 female birds by using AI. Dose of semen is 100–200 million spermatozoa/insemination in 50 microliter volume. Poultry semen shows poor response for cryopreservation so AI is done as soon as semen is collected. Further research is needed regarding poultry sperm biology, cellular and molecular basis of oviductal spermatozoa transport, selection, and storage to make AI more efficient in the birds. Keywords: AI, semen, cryopreservationCite this Article Kharayat NS, Chaudhary GR, Katiyar R et al. Significance of Artificial Insemination in Poultry. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 15–19p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-04-19
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Pneumonic Pasteurellosis in a Sheep Flock and Its Management
    • Authors: R. Venkatasivakumar, B. Sudhakara Reddy, B. Soma Sekhar Reddy, T. Nagendra Reddy
      Abstract: An adult sheep was presented to the clinic with complaint of inappetence, respiratory distress and weakness. Examination of the sheep revealed pyrexia, tachycardia, tachypnea, pale mucous membrane, harsh and crackles while auscultation of lungs. Post mortem examination of the died sheep revealed consolidations of the lung lobes, frothy exudates along the trachea, bronchi and smears from the lungs revealed presence of Pasteurella organisms. All the sheep in the flock showing the similar signs were treated with broad spectrum antibiotic, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug along with supportive therapy. Keywords: Pasteurella, pneumonia, sulpha drugs, sheepCite this Article Venkatasivakumar R, Sudhakara Reddy B, Soma Sekhar Reddy B et al. Pneumonic Pasteurellosis in a Sheep Flock and its Management. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 13–14p.
      PubDate: 2016-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Application of Nutrigenomics for Enhancement of Body Growth in Ruminants
    • Authors: M. Mondal, M. K. Ghosh
      Abstract: Many a times different animals fed with the same diet may perform differently and it is due to differences in ability of nutrients to interact within the biological systems affecting molecular pathways resulting in differences in body weight gain, production or reproduction performances. For better understanding of the above processes, nutrigenomics and endocrinomics; two emerging fields that are of great help to discover the differential expression and function of genes occur with different diets, have come up. Nutrigenomics is dealt with the effects of each and every bioactive chemical in foods and supplements that alter gene expression in an animal. On the other hand, nutrients alter the hormonal inter mileu of the animal thereby ‘turn on’ or ‘turn off’ of a particular set of pathways affecting ‘switching on’ or switching off’ of a defined set of genes (Endocrinomics). Hence, there is always a crosstalk between nutrigenomics and endocrino genomics. This paper highlights the importance of nutrigenomics and endocrinomics, and their interactions during the process of growth in domestic animals in general and bovine species in particular. Keywords: Endocrine genomics, transcriptome, microarray, nutritional genomics, diet-gene interaction Cite this Article Mondal M, Ghosh MK. Application of nutrigenomics for enhancement of body growth in ruminants. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 1–6p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-01-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Kisspeptin Modulates Reproduction in Ruminants
    • Authors: M. Mondal, K. K. Baruah, M. K. Ghosh, M. Karunakaran, T. K. Dutta
      Abstract: Kisspeptin, a neuropeptide encoded by the KiSS1 gene and its cognate, KiSS1R are the key regulators of reproduction in animals. Kisspeptin, also known as metastin, is a potent secretagogue of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). It stimulates the GnRH neurons in the brain and generates pulses for GnRH thereby its secretion and release, and this in turn stimulates the release of LH and FSH. Owing to its importance in reproductive biology, the kisspeptin-KiSS1R system is presently regarded as an essential gatekeeper of reproduction in animals. Besides central nervous system, role of Kisspeptin during the process of placentation and pregnancy has been established recently. Therefore, kisspeptin-KiSS1R system potentially plays diverse roles in animal reproduction. Here, we review the role and physiological significance of kisspeptin in the reproduction of ruminants. Keywords: Kisspeptin, KiSS1, metastin, KiSS1R, reproduction, ruminant, GnRH, LHCite this Article Mondal M, Baruah KK, Ghosh MK et al. Kisspeptin modulates reproduction in ruminants. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2016; 5(1): 7–12p.
       
      PubDate: 2016-01-18
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2016)
       
  • Diagnosis of Subclinical Mastitis in Cross Bred Cattle
    • Authors: B Soma Sekhar Reddy, B Shobhamani, B Sreedevi, K Nalini Kumari, Y Ravindra Reddy
      Abstract: Subclinical mastitis was diagnosed in 1599 quarter milk samples from 417 apparently healthy lactating cows in and around Tirupati. Diagnosis of subclinical mastitis was done by California Mastitis Test and Electrical Conductivity Test. The quarter-wise incidence of SCM as detected by CMT and EC was 27.83 and 19.95% respectively whereas the animal-wise incidence was 52.28 and 38.13% for CMT and EC respectively in the present study. Keywords: Cattle, mastitis, CMT, MWT, EC, SCCCite this Article Soma Sekhar Reddy B, Shobhamani B, Sreedevi B et al. Diagnosis of subclinical mastitis in cross bred cattle. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 39–43p.
      PubDate: 2015-11-19
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2015)
       
  • Development of A Rapid Microtiterplate Based Colorimetric Method for
           Estimation of Non-esterified Fatty Acids in Bovine Plasma
    • Authors: M Mondal, KK Baruah
      Abstract: Non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) is one of the most important blood metabolites contributing significantly during body growth, cyclicity, pregnancy and lactation, and it plays more vital role particularly during transition phase of the biological processes like pregnancy to lactation transition period. Determination of blood concentrations of NEFA is, therefore, important. The measurement technique or assay for measurement of blood NEFA should be simple, reliable, accurate, rapid and cheap. Here, the authors developed a sensitive and fast microtiterplate colorimetry-based method for estimation of NEFA in bovine plasma. The method is simple to perform and gives accurate, precise results in 100 µL samples. The developed method requires at least five times less quantity of plasma and reagents than that of already existing methods. Furthermore, ability of the method for taking reading of all the samples together on microtiterplate in a reader enable us to save a lot of time. Hence, the developed method may be adopted for estimation of NEFA in bovine plasma. Keywords: NEFA, bovine, microtiterplate, plasma, assayCite this Article Mondal M, Baruah KK. Development of A Rapid Microtiterplate Based Colorimetric Method for Estimation of Non-Esterified Fatty Acids in Bovine Plasma. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 29–34p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2015)
       
  • Development of an Endocrine Profiles Based Mathematical Model for the
           Estrous Cycle in Indian Crossbred Cows
    • Authors: M Mondal, M Karunakaran, MK Ghosh, TK Dutta
      Abstract: Declined fertility of the high-yielding dairy cows reared under intensive condition of management is of great concern not only for India but for the whole world. The bovine estrous cycle, particularly the estrus, is tightly controlled by the complex interplay of various organs and hormones. Mathematical modeling of the bovine estrous cycle could help in understanding the dynamics of this complex biological system. The authors, therefore, developed a mechanistic mathematical model for the estrous cycle of Indian crossbred cows that exclusively includes the key hormones that interact to control these processes. The authors used the data generated by them for approximately 163 estrous cycles having 1793 readings related to different hormones like LH, FSH, progesterone, estrogen, etc., under the control of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (ovarian) axis. The developed model was capable enough to generate successive estrous cycles of 21-day length. The model contains seven differential equations and 34 parameters. By simulating the developed model, a set of equations and parameters that were obtained were found to describe vividly the system consistent with empirical knowledge. In conclusion, the authors for the first time developed a mechanistic mathematical model of the estrous cycle for the Indian crossbred cows and it can be used for predicting hormonal inter milieu of the complex biological system without spending much time and money towards laboratory estimation. The developed model may also be used as a basis for more elaborate models that can predict the effects of external manipulations and genetic differences in Indian bovines. Keywords: Indian crossbred cow, hormones, differential equations, systems biologyCite this Article Mondal M, Karunakaran M, Ghosh MK et al. Development of an Endocrine Profiles Based Mathematical Model for The Estrous Cycle in Indian Crossbred Cows. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 35–38p.
       
      PubDate: 2015-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2015)
       
  • Haemato-Biochemical Changes in Staphylococcal Species Induced Mastitis in
           Mouse Model+
    • Authors: P Krishnamoorthy, M L Satyanarayana, B R Shome, Suguna Rao, H Rahman
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, haemato-biochemical changes in mouse mastitis by inoculating Staphylococcus epidermidis, S. chromogenes, S. haemolyticus and S. Aureus isolated from bovine milk was studied. Blood was collected by intracardiac route at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. Haematological changes noticed were: white blood cells (WBC) decreased in S. haemolyticus and S. chromogenes at 48 h; S. haemolyticus and S. aureus at 96 h. S. haemolyticus showed increased lymphocyte at 24 and 48 h and in S. aureus at 48 h. Neutrophil was decreased in S. haemolyticus and S. aureus group. Glucose increased at 6 h with three Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (CNS) species and S. aureus. Glucose and total protein increased in S. chromogenes infected mice. Globulin levels showed decrease in S. epidermidis and S. aureus. Albumin globulin ratio showed decreasing trend in S. chromogenes and S. haemolyticus inoculated mice. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level increased at 6 and 12 h in all infected groups. Alanine aminotransferase increased at 12 and 48 h in S. chromogenes and S. aureus respectively. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased at 6 h in all the infected mice. Thus, three CNS species induced haemato-biochemical changes in haemoglobin, WBC, neutrophil, glucose, total protein, AST and LDH which may be used as indicators for diagnosis of CNS species mastitis in mice. Keywords: Staphylococcus species, mouse mastitis, haemato-biochemical changesCite this Article Krishnamoorthy P, Satyanarayana ML, Shome BR, et al. Haemato-Biochemical Changes in Staphylococcal Species induced Mastitis in Mouse Model+. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 8–14p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2015)
       
  • Growth Performance and Weight Estimation of Large White Piglets Weaned at
           Different Ages
    • Authors: Peter T Birteeb, Isaac O Tetteh, Abdul-Rahaman S Salifu
      Abstract: The study was carried out on 24 neonatal large white piglets at the National Livestock Breeding Station, Pong-Tamale to assess their performance when weaned at different ages and to determine the relationship between linear body measurements and the body weight of piglets in weight prediction. The piglets were randomly weaned at three selected weaning ages (4, 6 and 8 weeks) but reared under uniform conditions. Initial body weight (BW), initial body length (BL), initial chest girth (CG) and initial height at withers (HW); were measured. Weekly measurements of the parameters were taken for 20 weeks. By the 20th week, piglets weaned at 8 weeks were superior (P<0.05) by chest girth (58.14 cm) and body weight (18.43 kg) than those weaned at 6 weeks (50.50 cm and 12.79 kg) and 4 weeks (52.61 cm and 14.56 kg). No significant differences (P>0.05) were recorded in the body length and the height at withers of the selected weaned ages. The chest girth was the best predictor of body weight, yielding highest prediction accuracies of 92.3% (at 5 weeks), 76.9% (at 10 weeks), 86.1% (at 15 weeks) and 87.5% (at 20 weeks). Conclusively, large white piglets grew better when weaned at 8 weeks, and chest girth could be reliably used to predict body weight in large white grower pigs. Keywords: Swine, body measurements, linear, livestock, predictionCite this Article Birteeb Peter T, Tetteh Isaac O, Salifu Abdul-Rahaman S. Growth Perfor-mance and Weight Estimation of Large White Piglets Weaned at Different Ages. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 15–23p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2015)
       
  • Abscess on Right Thoracic Wall Due to Traumatic Reticulitis in a Buffalo
    • Authors: B Sudhakara Reddy, LSS Varaprasad Reddy, S Sivajothi
      Abstract: 3 year old heifer was presented to the clinic with repeated fever, anorexia and emaciation. Examination of  buffalo revealed fever, tachycardia, tachypnea, ruminal atony with bloat and hot, pain full abscess on right thoracic wall. Haematology revealed erythrocytopenia, leucocytosis with more number of band cells. Buffalo was treated with inj. strepto penicillin along with supportive therapy and external application of iodex ointment over the abscess. After completion of five days of therapy abscess was ruptured and pus was oozed out. While draining the pus three inches iron long needle was came out from the abscess. Improvement was noticed after completion of therapy. Keywords: Abscess on right thoracic wall, traumatic reticulitis, buffalo, needle Cite this Article Sudhakara Reddy B, Varaprasad Reddy LSS, Sivajothi S. Abscess on Right Thoracic Wall due to Traumatic Reticulitis in a Buffalo. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 24–26p.
      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2015)
       
  • Mammary Gland Fibroadenoma in a Bitch
    • Authors: Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary
      Abstract: The work was conducted on an adult German shepherd bitch having a growing lump in the mammary gland. Tentatively it appeared to be a case of benign tumour of first left thoracic mammary gland. Sample was collected for cytopathological and histopathological examination of the affected tissue. FNAC was done by Papanicoloau’s stain while routine paraffin embedding technique was employed for histopathological examination, which revealed it to be a case of mammary gland fibroadenoma which was then surgically removed successfully with full recovery. Keywords: Mammary gland fibroadenoma, benign tumour, FNACCite this Article Sanjiv Kumar, Ramesh Tiwary. Mammary Gland Fibroadenoma in a Bitch. Research & Reviews: Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2015; 4(3): 27–28p.

      PubDate: 2015-10-28
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2015)
       
 
 
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