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Journal Cover New knowledge Journal of science
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1314-5703 - ISSN (Online) 2367-4598
   Published by U of Agribusiness and Rural Development Homepage  [1 journal]
  • VALUES OF THE MANAGERS IN MACEDONIAN ENVIRONMENT

    • Authors: Ljupco Stojceski, Emanuela Esmerova
      Abstract: : Values are the base for understanding attitudes, perception, personality and motivation of individuals affecting their behavior. The system of values determines individual’s priority in accordance with their relative importance.We should consider that the individual tends through his/her life to keep and to preserve the values acquired from his/her early age. It is about attitudes to values of what is right and what isn’t, what is moral and what isn’t. The attitudes of values are tightly related to the age, or to the period of individual’s growing and his/her building as a person.This could be a kind of explanation why older generations of employees have different attitude to proper working than the younger generations. All of this could be of help for the managers to be able to predict the attitudes of values according to the age, and these attitudes will be mainly focused to the way of working. They should also be able to direct these attitudes to more general issues related to the company’s working by acquiring support from their employees. Unless the managers fail to implement this in their daily work, the undertaken activities will not be favorable.The system of values for managers in Macedonia is comprised by their personal values, some of them acquired and some of them could be since the birth therefore she/ he tends to obey them. Personal values determine the person himself/herself, his/her capacity, characteristics, moral and authority. The values, throughout the system of values, could describe anything that the mangers are trying to achieve through their work and their attitude of behavior at work.Keywords: environment, managers and values, instrumental and timely values, interviewed employees and managers, success, professional activities and tasks
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • THE PROJECT MANAGER’S COMPETENCIES AS A BASIC FACTOR INFLUENSING THE
           TEAM EFFECTIVENESS

    • Authors: Vyara Slavyanska
      Abstract: : There are hundreds of investigations and publications, intended to demonstrate the strong dependence between the project manager’s competencies and the project success. On their base there are developed many competence models and professional standards, used for assessment of competencies and training in the field of project management. But unfortunately they suffer from inherent conceptual ambiguities and shortcomings. In this context the present paper tries to examine the project manager’s competencies as an object of theoretical and empirical research, as underlines mostly the problems, connected with the competencies and the professional standards in project management.Keywords: competence, competence model, project, project manager
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • LABOR DISCRIMINATION IN BULGARIA

    • Authors: Vyara Slavyanska
      Abstract: : Labor discrimination is a phenomenon with very serious social and economic consequences, which has increased actuality and importance in Bulgaria nowadays. Because of the high price of discrimination, building effective anti-discrimination legislation occupies a special place in the policy of the European Union. Despite the European directives, the presence of anti-discrimination legislation and the broadly declared anti-discrimination inclinations in our country, these are absolutely not enough for providing environment of equality, with a climate of respect and tolerance to the differences. It turns out that certain groups are definitely victims of labor discrimination. In this connection the present article consecutively identifies these groups, as well as the reasons for their discrimination, underlining the necessity and benefits of the integration of the different. Keywords: labor discrimination, anti-discrimination legislation
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOR AND CORPORATE CULTURE

    • Authors: Ivan Shopov
      Abstract: : An indisputable fact in the XXI century is the tangible presence of managerial behavior and corporate culture which in recent years are considered as a decisive factor in business. In academia trends in this direction are strictly monitored and summarized. New approaches in relations between partners, clients, institutions and internal climate are identified. Besides theoretical and practical hints, to the participants in the labor process are also displayed the necessary value systems that do not deplete valuable presence in the pursuit of economic objectives. This study presents the interrelationship and interaction of corporate culture and managerial behavior. Amont the discussed issues are attribute specifics of managerial behavior, major business issues of practicing managers and the factors influencing corporate culture. Conclusions are made about the impact of the relationship between corporate culture and managerial behavior on the effectiveness of management in terms of prosperity of the organization as a whole.Keywords: managerial behavior, corporate culture, management process, values
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • CURRENT TRENDS FOR DEVELOPMENT AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL
           STRUCTURES IN MANAGEMENT

    • Authors: Angel Doraliyski, Valentina Marinova
      Abstract: : One of the key components of the management system is the organizational structure of management. This report presents the current trends of development and improvement of organizational structures of management. The semantics of the term "organizational structure" used in the report is clarified. Key aspects of structural policy of organizations are discussed, as well as the introduction of flexible organizational forms. The main directions for analysis of organizational policy of organizations are also mentioned. It is stressed that the analysis of current trends for the future development of organizational structures of management should be an integral component of the management policy of every organization. The trends are flexibility and adaptability of the organizational structure, rational proportion between centralization and decentralization, an appropriate balance between the rights, duties and responsibilities, reducing regulations, rules and other normative documents. A recommendetaion is made that organizational governance structures must be adapted constantly in accordance with changes in the overall management system, as they are one of its main components.Keywords: management, organizational structure, development, improvement, contemporary trends, coordination, structural policy, centralization, decentralization
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • CALCULATING CLEAN AND DIRTY PRICE IN INTEREST-BEARING BONDS AND QUOTING
           SYSTEMS

    • Authors: Georgi Georgiev
      Abstract: : The paper illustrates in detail the mechanism and the specificity of corporate and government interest-bearing bonds quoting on US and European financial markets. Dependencies between bond prices, interest coupon and market yields are presented. The process of calculating clean and dirty price in interest-bearing bonds is clarified.Keywords: interest-bearing bond, clean and dirty price, bond quoting
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • SOME FINANCIAL – LEGAL ASPECTS OF BANK CREDIT MEDIATION IN FOREIGN
           TRADE

    • Authors: Ignat Papazov
      Abstract: : Commercial banks are one of the most important and influential economic agents whose outputs produce the movement of large financial resources, as well as the increase in the magnitude of the same. This circumstance is in direct connection with the bank credit intermediation and precisely the specific operations framed within its scope reinforce the dominant position of the banks in the monetary circle. It is the banks that are at the center of a complex of financial - monetary and credit relations, where at the entrance and the exit of which are the clients - in different quality. Once, as creditors, and second time - as debtors/borrowers vis-à-vis the banking institution. The credit mechanism has as a consequence the growth of the foreign capital advanced to the banking business, transposing it into credit resources.Keywords: credit rights, credit return, bank foreign trade credit, cash circulation, bill of exchange effect.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING – A CHALLENGE TO THE ACCOUNTING THEORY AND
           PRACTICE IN THE BANKING SECTOR

    • Authors: Liliya Rangelova-Petkova
      Abstract: : Adequate management of the bank requires its directors not only to understand well the financial standing of the institution, but also to plan and control operational processes and to make managerial decisions on the effective allocation and use of the available resources. In this regard the tasks of accounting are expressed not only in the functions of registration of already passed business operations, but also in the providing of information to justify management decisions and to supervise their implementation. In the foreground of similar situations the need reveals to improve information provision of the management and to maintain its decisions with reliable accounting and operational information.Keywords: management accounting, commercial bank, accounting information, responsibility centers, bank products and customers, management reports
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • CURRENT PROBLEMS IN THE ACCOUNTING AND ANALYSIS OF EQUITY IN THE BULGARIAN
           COMMERCIAL BANKS

    • Authors: Antoniya Stefanova
      Abstract: : This paper represents the specific characteristics of accounting for banking operations. Special attention is drawn to the particularity of the accounting information as a tool for valuation and analysis of bank equity. Accounting system in the bank is considered as a source of information for the equity and also for the analysis and supervision over the bank activity. CAMELOS rating system and methodology of CAEL rating are shortly introduced. The aim is to illustrate one of the approaches for analysis and supervision over equity and activity of the bank. The conclusion of the performed analysis is that in the current conditions of operation of our country’s banking system it is necessary to pay more and more attention to the opportunities which are given by the accounting information for bookkeeping and analyzing of the banks’ equity.Key words: accounting, equity, commercial bank, analysis, capital adequacy, accounting information, rating, supervision
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • A REVIEW OF SOME PECULIARITIES IN THE PROCESS OF CREATING DOCUMENTS IN
           BUSINESS ENTERPRISES

    • Authors: Zdravka Kiricheva
      Abstract: : The article examines the operations in documentation in detail and the whole process of creating documents in modern commercial enterprises. The brief analysis of the process, and the operations that structure it, is targeted to the disclosure of their nature and implementation of minor changes adequate to the changing economic reality and the behavior of the subjects in it which change it quite dynamically. The aim of this work is to prove that the well-made and systematic document is an opportunity to provide highly effective analysis and control on the behavior of economic subjects including business enterprises. The tasks dealt in the exposition are mainly related to the analysis of documents reflecting the basic accounting operations covered by the process of documentation and disclosure of changes which take place during their production and content. The aim and tasks mainly involve the application of analytical methods.Keywords: document, documentation, process, analysis
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • THE REAL OPTIONS – PREREQUISITE FOR EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF
           INVESTMENT RISK IN AGRICULTURE

    • Authors: Viktoriya Mendeva
      Abstract: : The investment decisions in agriculture are made and implemented in a dynamic economic environment under simultaneous increase in state support for this essential part of the economy. On the basis of this starting point, the report justifies the necessity of using the method of real options for increasing the efficiency of the management of investment risk in agriculture. The thesis is maintained looking into the real options as a useful method of making effective and timely investment decisions in conditions of risk and uncertainty in agriculture.Keywords: real options, investments in agriculture, uncertainty, efficiency
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • DEVELOPING A COMPLEX MODEL FOR SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    • Authors: Ekaterina Arabska, Maria Velikova
      Abstract: Absract: Common agricultural policy oriented towards balanced regional development and built in accordance with the overall strategic objectives for 2014-2020, puts forward goals for food safety, the application of technologies friendly to natural resources, accenting on the development of organic sector using production methods that are the most closely focused on the environment and health of animals and humans through the application of which can be answered fully to the regulatory requirements in this area.This report presents the results of a study in the dissertation "Approaches and instruments for sustainable rural development" of conditions, opportunities and challenges for organic production, considering current issues in the development and management of organic production in Bulgaria in response to current development trends imposed as a result of globalization and urbanization in connection with the pursuit of sustainable development and transfer of innovation. On one hand it underlines the contribution of organic farming to preservation of natural resources, environmental components (soil, water, biodiversity and landscape) and welfare of animals - ecologically sustainable development. On the other hand, it shows the great potential of the sector to achieve sustainable economic and social growth and contribution to sustainable rural development. Scientific and applied contributions of this study are derived from the proposed comprehensive model for sustainable rural development by encouraging the development and improvement of management in organic production in accordance with the defined spheres of influence on different levels of management, including several key elements.Keywords: sustainability, organic production, management, model
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • OFFSET POLICIES OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

    • Authors: Nikolay Nichev
      Abstract: : The aim of the article is to examine the legislative framework in the field of offset policy of the different Member States of the European Union. The study covers legislative decisions and regulations in the Member States of the European Union and outlines the variety of practices applied by different countries in the offset policy.Keywords: offset, offset deals, defense products

      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • PERSPECTIVES FOR USE OF THE OFFSET DEALS

    • Authors: Nikolay Nichev
      Abstract: : Competition for redistribution of the global arms market acquires new forms, using the full arsenal of economic and non-economic methods. In this light, offset contracts are part of normal commercial relations and are increasingly seen as a new and very effective marketing mechanism to conquer new market share or maintain traditional markets. The article examines the state of the market for defense products, the nature of offset, offset activity governing bodies and characteristics of the offset.Keywords: offset transactions, market of defense products
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • ONLINE VS OFFLINE: DOES CITY IMAGE MODERATING COMPARISON BETWEEN INFLUENCE
           PERCEIVED BLOG INFORMATION AND REFERENCE GROUP TOWARD TOURIST VISIT
           INTENTION?

    • Authors: Angga Pandu Wijaya
      Abstract: : This research aims to investigating the phenomenon of perceived blog information, reference group, image of a city, and tourists’ intention to visit particular places. Perceived blog information is the online source, while the offline one is reference group. This is the first study comparing on online and offline information influence tourists’ intention to visit particular places. Samples are obtained through an electronic questionnaire involving 177 respondents and analyzed by using PLS-SEM. The results reveal that perceived blog information and reference group significantly influence image of the city and the intention to visit tourism destination. Image of the city moderate the relationship between independent and dependent variables partially. The influence of perceived blog information is greater than the reference group. It is indicates that online information is more influential. The stakeholders of tourism sector can utilize blog in increasing the number of visitors.Keywords: Blog; Reference Group; Visit Intention; City Image
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • BULGARIA'S PLACE IN WORLD TOURISM (AN ATTEMPT TO POSITIONING)

    • Authors: Krasimir Levkov
      Abstract: : The article presents an attempt to determine the place of Bulgaria in global tourism by using the indicators included in the report of the World Economic Forum in 2015. The positions of the country are compared with those of its main competitors in the Balkan region.Key words: Tourism, Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index, Positioning
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • TRANSCULTURALIZATION, IMMIGRANTS AND INTEGRATION – OUTLINING NEW
           SOCIAL PARADIGMS IN EUROPE

    • Authors: Diana Petkova
      Abstract: : According to the concept of transculturalization in contemporary society there is an establishment of cultural communities, which do not coincide with the borders of the national states but exist beyond and often against them. The transcultural identities, such as the identities of the ethnic diasporas and religious groups, are deteritorialized. This means that they do not have particular territories, such as the territories of the local and national communities. Thus, new cultural borders appear, which, in comparison with the traditional borders, are spiritual and non-material and are related to specific traditions, customs, languages and values, maintained in the frames of the cultural community. Although they cannot be seen on the geographical map, they are strong enough to determine and frame the social space of the community. Together with this they are not fixed but can easily move within space and time. In such a way, autonomous cultural groups appear. Although they exist within the territory of the national state, in reality they surpass its borders. Moreover, the culture of the immigrants not only forge transcultural identities but it challenges some of the most important European values and ideals. In analyzing the processes of transculturalization and of the rise of the religious consciousness, this paper discusses some of the problems related to the integration of immigrants and refugees on the European continent.Key words: transculturalization, immigrants, integration, Islam, religious fundamentalism
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • CHRISTIAN FEASTS AND NATIONAL CUSTOMS - SYMBOLISM AND MEANING

    • Authors: Ivaylo Kostov
      Abstract: : The feast is a kind of compendium from a cultural perspective which united all examples of cultural identity both for a society and community and for each individual. Feast gathers all symbolic archetypes relating to national psychology and by exploring ways in which they are realized, the mechanisms for formation of cultural phenomena can be identified. And with permission to paraphrase the famous biblical dictum "Ye shall know them by their fruits", with a similar moral force and with a certain amount of directionality the phrase "By celebrating the feasts ye shall know them" has sounded. These issues reflect sensibly in art as well, where a great way they reverberate across the society, depicting in tangible creative impulse necessary for any creative implementation.Keywords: cultural identity, Christian feasts, symbolism
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • IMPACT OF THE SCHEME OF GROWING AND NUTRIENT REGIME ON VEGETATIVE
           MANIFESTATIONS IN BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTION OF TOMATOES

    • Authors: Plamena Yankova, Hriska Boteva
      Abstract: : During the period 2014-2016 in the experimental field at the Technical University - Varna the influence of the bioproducts Biosol, Biofach and Emosan was studied on growth manifestation and productivity of tomato, variety Kopnej F1, in two schemes of cultivation in terms of biological production.The impact of bioproducts on the vegetative mass was more expressive in the one-line scheme cultivation as the average effect of fertilization was 17.3% higher compared to the control. The effect of bioproducts is 3.5% higher than the two-line scheme. Bioproducts used have a positive impact on the total number and weight of fruits (red and green) in the variety Kopnej F1.The index of productivity is the highest in two-line scheme cultivation in feeding with fertilizers Emosan + Biofach (3.8%).Keywords: Solanum lycopersicum L., bioproducts, vegetative mass, productivity, number of fruits, index productivity.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • YIELD AND QUALITY OF ORGANICALLY PRODUSED TOMATOES DEPENDING ON
           FERTILIZATION AND GROWING OF THE SCHEME

    • Authors: Plamena Yankova, Hriska Boteva
      Abstract: : The experimental work was carried out in the experimental field at the Technical university - Varna in the period 2014-2016. A determinate variety tomato Kopnej F1 was tested these biological products: Biosol, Biofa and Emosan. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of organic products for fertilization and cultivation scheme on yield and quality of tomato grown in terms of organic farming.Organic products have a positive impact on yield as the high index of earliness was given in Emosan + Biofa (48,0%), Emosan (46,0%) and Biosol + Biofa (43,5%). The effect of organic products on the formed early yield in variety Kopnej F1 is higher in the one-line cultivation scheme – 36,1 %, compared to two-line scheme – 34,0 %.It was established a positive effect in nutrition with Biofa on the content of ascorbic acid in tomato fruits for both cultivation schemes. Higher content of solids in the one-line scheme of growing under basic fertilization with Biosol.Keywords: organic products, yield, quality, scheme cultivation, index of earliness.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
 
 
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