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Journal Cover Economia Agro-Alimentare
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1126-1668 - ISSN (Online) 1972-4802
   Published by Edizioni Franco Angeli Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Abstract:

      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Introduction of a Nationwide Minimum Wage: Challenges to Agribusinesses in
           Germany
    • Abstract: Vera Bitsch, Stefan Mair, Marta M. Borucinska, Christiane A. Schettler
      The introduction of a minimum wage in Germany on January 1, 2015 raised concerns among employers and employees’ representatives alike. The former expecting increasing labor costs and declining international competiveness, the latter fearing the loss of jobs. This paper explores the effects of the minimum wage on seasonal work in agribusiness from two different perspectives, employers and industry experts on one hand and seasonal workers on the other. Based on indepth interviews, qualitative content analysis is applied to analyze the experiences in the first year of the minimum wage. The analysis looks at employers’ and experts’ assessment of the effects of the minimum wage and the motivations of seasonal migrant workers for seeking work in Germany. Results show that the increase in hourly wages was a concern for employers and experts, but costs of related documentation requirements and stepped up enforcement of the working hours’ legislation were bigger concerns. Migrant workers interviewed confirmed that the main reason for seeking seasonal employment in Germany was the much higher wage level compared to their home country. For them, the sum of wages earned throughout the season was most relevant, which may also be hampered by enforcement of the working hours’ legislation.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Improved Infrastructure and Agricultural Exports from Central Asia
    • Abstract: Richard Pomfret
      Despite a centuries-long history of exporting fruit and vegetables and other farm products, the Central Asian countries’ agricultural exports are currently dominated by a handful of products: cotton from southern Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan), and wheat from northern Kazakhstan. The major explanation of this phenomenon is the high transport costs which many writers have related to the region’s landlocked status, but the costs have been as much due to poor policies and institutions as to geography. High trade costs have contributed to the commodity concentration of Central Asian exports insofar as the main exports have been worth exporting even with high trade costs. The exports squeezed out by high trade costs are goods traded in smaller quantities or with lower profit margins or with greater sensitivity to delays and uncertainty in transit. These are primarily produced by small and medium-sized farms or other enterprises, and lower trade costs will promote pro-poor growth. The situation is potentially changing in the 2010s as there are positive signs that both the hard and soft infrastructure of international trade are improving in Central Asia. China’s rapidly growing economic involvement in Central Asia since the turn of the century, and announcement of the potentially well-funded Silk Road Economic Belt, provides an East-West dimension to augment the North-South dimension inherited from the Soviet era. The Eurasian Economic Union is the first significant example of a regional trade agreement being implemented in the region since the dissolution of the ussr. Iran’s reincorporation into the global economy and, less definitely, prospects of stability in Afghanistan could introduce further vectors into Central Asia’s international economic relations. The extent to which these potential changes and investment in hard infrastructure will promote trade and agricultural development will depend crucially on domestic ease of doing business and on improved soft infrastructure for international trade.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • European Wine Policies and their consequences on the global wine trade
    • Abstract: Paola Corsinovi, Davide Gaeta
      Over the years the EU wine policy has introduced a number of instruments with the principal goal of addressing the problems of the internal market and price stability, controlling supply and farmers’ incomes. Regarding trade policy, it has acted to improve its competitiveness against growing competition from Third Countries, by building both tariffs and non-tariff measures for trade policy. While continuing on the path of reform which started in the early 1990s, it was only with the 2008 and 2013 reforms that wine policy changed significantly from a policy Based on subsidising production and the protection of domestic markets from non-European producers, to a policy that aims to stimulate quality production and the competitiveness of the wine sector on the international scene. The Common Agricultural Policy and the EU domestic and international contexts have (probably) played an important role in the design of strategies for wine interventions. What is going on in the EU wine sector and what are the consequences of the wine policies on the market' This paper follows the evolution of EU wine policies through three main phases that, according to the authors’ point of view, have characterised the EU’s aims and strategies during the years of the reforms. Specifically, the authors focus their analysis on the budget expenditures of each phase (from 1970 to 2015) and the market response in the domestic and international scenario. The thread which runs through this paper is that the controversial aspects of the wine sector are urgent requests from wine farms to both policymakers to intervene with market laws and rules, and to the policy itself which aims to correct its own failings. EU policy has arrived late (too late) to understand the increasing threat posed by the competitive growth of third countries. After 46 years of implementation, the ‘classic dilemma’ between policymakers and markets, the tradeoffs between markets and policy, are still the drivers of EU wine policy.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • A phenomenon-driven approach to the study of value creation and
           organizational design issues in agri-business value chains
    • Abstract: Bodo E. Steiner
      Guided by a phenomenon-driven research approach (Schwarz & Stensaker 2016), this paper explores an apparent pre-occupation of the agri-business value chain literature with organizational design issues relative to a focus on value creation. The discussion of evidence from three sectors suggests that asymmetric distribution of market power, lack of trust, lack of effective use of residual claimancy, and lack of transparent and consumer-driven grading and certification institutions are key factors in the way of coordinated value creation, helping to explain why organizational design issues retain focus on efforts to drive value chain performance. Those interested in bringing back coordinated value creation into focus are likely to benefit from addressing the above key factors individually, yet the evidence also suggests that accounting for complementarities between physical infrastructure and institutions, and accounting for substitutability of institutionalized relationships and formal institutions bears additional performance potential for value chains.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Insights on the role of private and public actors in food assistance
           provision: A literature review for High Income Countries
    • Abstract: Sabrina Arcuri, Gianluca Brunori, Francesca Galli
      The recent increase in the number of people asking for food assistance and the expansion of the so-called ‘emergency food system’ in High Income Countries have given rise to an academic debate on both the re-emergence of food insecurity as a policy issue and the best solution to cope with it. When food/agriculture policies ignore household-level food security, welfare policy has the potential to intervene through anti-poverty measures. But when even these are not available for food insecure people, then the task of providing food assistance switches to charitable organisations. Even if they have been existing for many years, what is changing now is the scale and logistics of food assistance delivery. Food assistance initiatives differ greatly from each other in terms of eligibility criteria, food handling operations, amount and quality of food distributed, supplementary services offered and monitoring activities. Although, on the one side, this heterogeneity may imply place or community-based solutions, able to better respond to specific needs, several authors argue that they should not substitute for a governmental safety net. The question of what responsibilities for food security should reside within the state and the charitable organisations is raised by many, along with the necessity to adopt a right-to-food approach in dealing with it. This paper aims at analysing the academic debate on the allocation of responsibilities for food assistance. We did this through a literature review, in order to highlight the various combinations of private and public actors and institutions, the nature of resources used and practices involved in food assistance programs.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Green care day care for the elderly on Austrian farms
    • Abstract: Julia Anna Jungmair, Oliver Meixner
      The Austrian agricultural and forestry sector, as well as the Austrian health care system, will be facing major disruptions in the future and will undergo significant structural changes. This development has been demographically triggered by an aging society and the ongoing trend of rural depopulation. The aim of this study was therefore to analyze the green care model in the healthcare sector and provide recommendations for using the version of green care day care for the elderly in the Netherlands as a basis for implementation in Austria. It will be proved if the Dutch model can be transferred to Austrian specifics. Due to the fact, that green care is already well established in the Netherlands Dutch green care farms were chosen as a benchmark. The study is based on a comprehensive literature review and empirical studies in Austria and the Netherlands.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • «Volete la salute'». Bevande e alimenti per il benessere nelle
           campagne pubblicitarie italiane tra XIX e XX secolo
    • Abstract: Francesco Casadei
      One of the main themes of the late 19th century Italian advertising concerns the production and marketing of food products (drinks especially), advertised as "healthful" in newspapers and on billboards. In this activity, Attilio Manzoni is an important "architect"; Manzoni, active in the commercialization of pharmaceutical products, promotes - in the second half of the 19th century - some modern advertising campaigns, using effectively the opportunities offered by newspapers and magazines. In 1863, he founds in Milan the «A. MANZONI & C.», an advertising company still important in Italy. The readers of the first issue of Corriere della Sera (5 March 1876) can see the rates for advertising on this newspaper, with the invitation to contact «exclusively» the «A MANZONI & C.» office. Over many years, Corriere della Sera and other Italian newspapers take the custom to publish advertisements in their last page; most of these commercials refer to medicines, spirits, mineral waters and other beverages with healing properties. The relationship between press and this type of advertising remained important for many years. In 1881, during the Italian Expo, held in Milan, Manzoni publishes a detailed catalogue of mineral waters, medicinal products, medical and surgical devices, and also perfumery articles marketed by his company. Other entrepreneurs are likewise interesting in the history of Italian advertising: for example Felice Bisleri and Arturo Gazzoni (chemical-pharmaceutical industrialists) seem define many of their advertising activities following those already developed by Attilio Manzoni. The advertising of medicines and health products is addressed, in late 19th and early 20th century, to an élite of Italian population, in a context of severe social and economic hardship. Afterwards, the progress of medical and pharmaceutical science, and the extension of a modern health care, change this panorama. The clearer distinction between medicinal and pharmaceutical products and other types of foods and beverages have impact also on advertising activities. Considering these issues in historical perspective, we can observe some similarities with the current debate on nutraceuticals and functional foods; a debate that regards science, journalism and advertising. For these reasons, it may be interesting to analyze the historical context and the bioghaphies of some Italian "pioneers" of advertising and marketing.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Apr 2017 8:00:00 GMT
       
 
 
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