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Economia Agro-Alimentare
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1126-1668 - ISSN (Online) 1972-4802
Published by Edizioni Franco Angeli Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Abstract:

      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2018 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Consumer preferences and willingness-to-pay for integrated production
           label on common beans
    • Abstract: Aluisio Goulart Silva, Maurizio Canavari, Alcido Elenor Wander
      Integrated Production has been applied in Brazil since 1998/99 aiming to mitigate the negative environmental impact of intensive production areas, and to improve the quality of the beans produced. Economic and market analysis is fundamental in providing adequate and better understanding of the likely response of potential buyers regarding this kind of product, especially when a premium price is feasible. The objective of this study was to analyse consumer perception of beans with a hypothetical integrated production label and estimate consumer willingnessto-pay for labelled beans. Data was collected from a sample of 160 consumers living in Goiânia, Brazil, using a questionnaire survey based on a discrete choice approach. The attributes (and levels) used in the choice experiment were label (IP labeled vs. conventional), price (3 levels), and brand (preferred vs. fictitious). Multinomial logit and mixed logit models were used to analyze data. The findings indicate that consumers are sensitive to the presence of the hypothetical label and are willing to pay more for IP certified beans. Thus, there could be an unmet demand for safe and sustainable food products because consumers apparently prefer the certified alternative, even when the brand is known and price is higher.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2018 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Governance of the Horticultural Supply Chain in the United Kingdom: A
           Source of Forced Labour'
    • Abstract: Johanna Katharina Schenner
      Incidents of forced labour have been well documented in the horticultural sector in the United Kingdom (UK). This sort of human rights violation has been linked to fraudulent employment and recruitment practices by labour market intermediaries (LMIs). Legislation - such as the UK 2015 Modern Slavery Act - sentences fraudulent LMIs to life imprisonment when they are found guilty of having supplied workers to work under conditions of forced labour. However, while it is important to focus on the criminological aspects of forced labour, this article argues that it is necessary to adopt a broader perspective to fully understand the process in question; this is because LMIs do not operate in a vacuum, but are part of both product and labour supply chains. In fact, the governance of the horticultural supply chain in the UK may lead LMIs to propel their workers into conditions of extreme exploitation. This article begins by reviewing the rise of global supply chains and explains how the organisation of the horticultural supply chain leads to a prevalence of LMIs. The article then explores the concept of labour exploitation and its relationship to forced labour in the context of the UK food chain, identifying occurences where workers are subjected to a wide range of severe conditions, before shifting its focus to an empirical consideration of supply chain governance, based chiefly upon data gathered through 16 expert qualitative interviews with relevant parties.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2018 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Cost price/quality relationship of a strategic product and
           self-sufficiency challenge in the Algerian dairy sector: The case study of
           a local dairy industry
    • Abstract: Elhassan Benyagoub, Bettache Guessas, Mohammed Ayat, Ramdane Benyagoub
      Since independence, Algeria has continued to spend massive sums on importing milk powder to satisfy local demand. In recent years, the state hasimproved several development programs to overcome this situation. Thus, this work aims at studying the cost price/quality relationship of a strategicproduct for wide consumption (Milk and dairy products) and describing the state subsidy policy regarding the safety of milk. To achieve these objectives, we proceeded on the one hand, to carry out a hygienic quality analysis of 50 samples of packaged pasteurized milk, calculating their cost price at the private dairy factory of Adrar (Algeria) and, on the other hand, to analyze recently published official statistics and the various programs adopted by the Algerian state when defining this policy. According to the results obtained it appears that the state subsidy contributes toward covering the demand of the national market but with a high dependence on the importation of raw material (about 30%). The results of the bacteriological analysis were in the range of thresholds set by the national standard. The analysis of spending data given by the tcr showed that for this factory, the cost price of one liter of pasteurized milk is estimated at 27.79 dzd/l compared a quay-factory fixed selling price at 23.20 dzd/l, revealing a deficit of -3.79 dzd/l (-13.64%), while, produced fermented milk (sour milk) showed a profit of +10.65 dzd/l representing a margin of distribution equivalent to (+37.56%) of the cost price that estimated at 28.35 dzd/l. Nevertheless, it is essential that the state contributes to the training and support of farmers, collectors and the dairy factory, which appear disconnected from the local production sector that supplies it with fresh raw milk; besides, it must focus on typical farms, which seem to be more productive than family small-sized farms. These must come together and form cooperative, not only so as to be in the official circuit but also to be under a hygienic control system in order to avoid any kind of peril to consumer’s health.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2018 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Substitutability between organic and conventional poultry products and
           organic price premiums
    • Abstract: Sohae Eve Oh, Tomislav Vukina
      The organic food sector is one of the most rapidly growing sectors in the food market. Organic price premiums and patterns of substitution between related organic and conventional products are important for organic products certification and market entry and expansion decisions of organic producers. In this project we analyzed price differentials (premiums) between organic and conventional eggs and between three categories of organic and conventional chicken products: whole birds, boneless breasts and whole legs. Farm level prices for delivery to first receivers for the period January 2004 and December 2013 show that, in absolute terms, the highest average organic premium is commanded by boneless skinless breast meat followed by organic eggs. We also estimated the demand functions for conventional eggs and chickens where the presence of organic prices as the right-hand-side variables enable us to obtain cross-price elasticities of conventional demands with respect to organic prices. In line with the extant literature, our results show highly inelastic and statistically significant own price effects for both conventional chickens (elasticity equals -0.13) and conventional eggs (elasticity equals -0.139). The cross-price elasticities of conventional chicken meat demand with respect to the price of organic chickens and the cross-price elasticity of conventional eggs demand with respect to organic egg price, which are rarely found in the literature, confirm the intuitively expected result that the conventional and organic varieties of the same product are substitutes. The estimated cross-price elasticity of conventional chicken meat demand with respect to organic chicken price equals 0.153 and the cross-price elasticity of conventional eggs demand with respect to organic eggs price equals 0.679.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2018 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Corporate social responsibility reporting: The case of the agri-food
           sector
    • Abstract: Valeria Sodanoa, Martin Hingley
      Corporate social responsibility (csr) reporting lies in the hands of business organizations themselves. This paper identifies and categorizes the forms of csr that can be consistent with the most important current goals, in a specific sector that touches us all-food. Investigation concerns the actual capability of agribusiness to contribute to sustainability and meet social needs and expectations, and questions whether private regulation is effective; such that societies may be better served by the government case for corporate csr. Theories and concepts of csr are explored, notably to identify the role of the government case. Empirical analysis concerns corporate reporting of business social commitment carried out by agrifood organizations. The Global Reporting Initiative (gri) sustainability reporting guidelines are used to assess the commitment to sustainability of a sample of major agribusiness companies operating in the seed, agrochemical, food processing and retailing industries. The level of comprehensive reporting in social responsibility reports of the selected companies is appraised using a content analysis framework. The results of the study indicate a low level of comprehensive reporting. The paper argues that soft regulation of organizations is not sufficiently comparable enough or effective. Findings recommend that state intervention should not be completely dismissed, and that csr actions and their reporting should be monitored and evaluated by independent third parties. Effort is required to build new institutional frameworks able to increase the level of commitment and fairness of business to their stakeholders and to society at large.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2018 8:00:00 GMT
       
  • Instructions for authors and contributors
    • Abstract: Comitato di Redazione

      PubDate: Wed, 15 May 2018 8:00:00 GMT
       
 
 
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