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Economia Agro-Alimentare
Number of Followers: 4  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1126-1668 - ISSN (Online) 1972-4802
Published by Edizioni Franco Angeli Homepage  [67 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Maurizio Canavari

      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
  • Exploring gender differences in the Italian traditional pizza consumption
    • Abstract: Gioacchino Pappalardo, Giuseppe Di Vita, Giovanni La Via, Severino Romano, Antonella Vastola, Mario Cozzi, Mario D’Amico
      The studies on gender differences in food consumption have experienced a deep and remarkable development from several perspectives. Many studies have been addressed to highlight whether differences exist among males and females in purchasing behaviors or consumption for specific food products but no study pizza consumption segmented by gender has been carried out. This study evaluates gender differences in the consumption of traditional Italian pizza. For this purpose, a quantitative study was conducted on a representative sample of Sicilian pizza consumers. Our findings showed that there exist any gender differences in pizza consumption that appear to be strongly related to preferences for sensory attributes such as "smell", "appearance", "crunchiness" as well for "price". Our findings show that gender differences can significantly influence the buying process of this traditional Italian food, and they have important implications for the food industry since gender differences should be taken into account in new formulation and characterization of pizza.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
  • Celiac and non-celiac consumers’ experiences when purchasing
           gluten-free products in Italy
    • Abstract: Vilma Xhakollari, Maurizio Canavari
      Recently gluten-free products are becoming very popular among consumers. Gluten-free market is expanding rapidly due to the increasing number of people affected by celiac disease but moreover non-celiac consumers are embracing the gluten-free diet. Given these advancements, it is necessary to understand the reasons and beliefs behind food choices made by non-celiac consumers and compare their choices to celiac patients. The current research is very limited, hence further research is needed to generalize and better understand the relation gluten-free-non celiac consumers and comparisons. Thus, this research aims to give an overview of the gluten-free sector by taking into account perceptions of consumers, retailers and institutional actors. In order to fulfill this objective semi structured interviews were undertaken with consumers and retailers in Bologna, Italy. Furthermore, one representative of Celiac Association was also interviewed for this qualitative study. The results showed that most of the concerns regarding gluten free products are related to their low sensorial performance, high prices and low nutritional values. Moreover, it was seen that sometimes non-celiac consumers lack knowledge about gluten free food and diet, believing some myths which are not scientifically proven. Finally, it is necessary that future research focuses also on understanding glute-free choices by non-celiac consumers and ways to direct them into healthier food choices. .
      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
  • Reverse Osmosis Water-Based Beverages as a Product Innovation in
           Gastronomic Facilities: Expert Panelists’ Sensory Evaluation and
           Generation Y Consumers’ Attitudes
    • Abstract: Jirí Zelený, Kristína Bednárová
      First part of the research explored possible sensory differences of water, coffee and tea made from 1) filtered tap water by reverse osmosis (RO) and 2) tap water with no treatment (NT) evaluated by 6 expert panelists. A discriminatory triangle test and a hedonic evaluation method were used. Wilcoxon pair test was used to analyze the range of sensory differences. Second part of the research consisted of survey research in Prague and Bratislava with 436 respondents exploring their attitudes towards RO water-based beverages. Consumers were divided into 1) generation Y younger segment (gyy) (16-24 years), 2) generation Y older segment (gyo) (25-32 years) and 3) non-millennials (NM) (more than 32 years). To explore possible changes in respondents’ attitudes, short scientific text containing both positive and negative impact of RO was presented as experimental intervention. Pearson’s chi-squared test, post-hoc Bonferroni method and McNemar-Bowker test were used. Triangle test showed that there is no sensory difference between using RO water and NT water for all three types of beverages. Hedonic evaluation brought seldom differences for RO beverages: the aroma of the tea became weaker, coffee turned out to be cleaner in appearance and acidity of the tea was reduced. The use of RO in some of the gastronomic facilities with high quality of input tap water does not seem to be justified as only sporadic sensory differences between RO and NT beverages were found. Nevertheless, especially gyy appears to be more responsive to RO beverages despite their relatively low knowledge in this field. Their conviction about positive sensory effect of RO leads to higher willingness to use it (especially for a tap water as a drink), and their willingness to pay (wtp) more for RO beverages in comparison with more informed and sceptic NM. This study adheres the importance of dividing the generation Y into gyy and gyo groups since the gyo copy more NM than their own generation. When experimental intervention was done, it affected noticeable group of respondents that switched to the negative attitude towards facilities equipped with RO as well as excluded RO from their selection more than other filtration machines. This was the case of wtp too, since higher awareness about effects of RO decreased wtp across all generations. In general, RO presence was not a motive for respondents’ visits in gastronomic facility equipped with it. Respondents did not prefer RO more than other filtration machines.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
  • Olfactory cues and consumers’ purchase behavior in food products: A
           category management approach
    • Abstract: Kaisa Silja Sofia Sandell
      In this study, we examined the impact of olfactory cues on consumers’ food-product purchase behavior. Specifically, we applied a category management (CM) perspective. The theories of CM, cue congruence, and hedonic orientation for purchase behavior were applied using data collected through an experiment. These data were analyzed using quantitative and qualitative methods. The presence of olfactory cues has a positive impact on purchase behavior, as measured by product category sales, and no significant cannibalization effect on spatially related product categories occurred. Hedonism and cue congruence explain category differences and intra-category development. This study is the first to address changes in cross-category and within-category behavior resulting from an olfactory cue. We compared two effectiveness moderator theories: cue congruence and hedonic orientation. As a methodological improvement, we measured actual sales (instead of consumer intent) and complementary data via qualitative interviews.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
  • Import Demand for Dairy Products in Chile and Competition among Exporting
           Countries: The Case of Milk Powder and Cheese
    • Abstract: Rodrigo García Arancibia
      The study of the Chilean market for milk imports is relevant due to its impact on the determination of prices in the domestic dairy chain and for being a relevant market for some exporting countries, such as Argentina. In recent years, together with an increase in Chilean dairy imports, there has been a change in its composition, with the incorporation of the United States and New Zealand as relevant exporters. This paper estimates a Chilean import demand system for dairy products taking into account the main source countries for the period 2002- 2014. Specifically, a linear approximation of Source Differentiated Almost Ideal Demand System (saids) is estimated for milk powder and cheese imported by Chile, considering the competition between the different exporters that participate in the Chilean market. Expenditure, own-price and cross-price elasticities are estimated, and an elasticity-based index is proposed to compare the competitive position of the exporting countries.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluating the Asset Transfer Model in Facilitating Sustainable
           Livelihoods in Rural Malawi
    • Abstract: Ellen Fitzpatrick, Sedef Akgüngör
      The aim of the study is to examine whether an asset transfer and capabilities development intervention has made a significant and sustained impact on the social capital and livelihoods of the participants. We use a quasi-experimental design to assess changes in net income and social capital. To test the influence of social capital on livelihoods, we use regression analysis. Social network analysis is applied to quantify social capital. Net income is compared to a living income benchmark at the beginning, end and then again, three years post project. The results demonstrate not only a significant change in net income but that net income exceeds the living income benchmark post project. There is also a statistical evidence of the positive impact of social capital on the livelihoods of the participants. These results provide strong evidence of improved livelihoods and sustainability.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
  • Thinking outside the box and beyond the slaughterhouse
    • Abstract: Massimiliano Borrello, Gianni Cicia, Luigi Cembalo
      Islamic and Jewish laws forbid the stunning of animals before slaughtering, which is considered the least painful practice to kill farmed animals. The debate on ritual slaughtering has struggled over the years to conciliate the perspectives of religious and animal rights. However, this debate has disregarded to date that, whether animals are killed through laic or ritual slaughtering, they are farmed under industrial farm animal production (ifap) where their rights are often scarcely considered. Current point of view is a critical contribution to the debate on ritual slaughtering. Starting from current limitations of the debate as concerns its ethical and technical dimensions, the paper elaborates on the relevance that considering animal suffering under ifap would have in a more coherent debate. Our analysis highlights that despite the endeavour to select and regulate the best slaughtering method, animal conditions under ifap still represent the main challenge for the overall welfare of farmed animals. Thereby, beyond the conflict between animal and religious rights a latent problem of food choices exists, that involves both laic and religious communities. The paper suggests achieving a shared cultural and social acknowledgement of animal rights and finding solutions to spread extensive farming systems as the most urgent objectives to contribute to reducing the suffering of farmed animals.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 May 2019 8:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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