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Psychology of Popular Media Culture
Number of Followers: 5  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2160-4134 - ISSN (Online) 2160-4142
Published by APA Homepage  [74 journals]
  • “Who’s that'”: The negative consequences of being out of the
           loop on pop culture.
    • Abstract: Being out of the loop is a form of partial ostracism in which one is excluded from a domain of information known by others. We investigate whether being out of the loop on a specific domain of information—pop culture—will lead to negative outcomes associated with more complete forms of ostracism. Participants reported lower need satisfaction and being more out of the loop after viewing unfamiliar, compared to familiar, musicians (Study 1) and celebrities (Study 2). Study 3 assessed a different form of pop culture stimuli—brand logos—and found the same results. Finally, Study 4 utilized an alternative method where participants were exposed to a variety of pop culture stimuli (e.g., movies, books, singers) and also included a non-pop culture-related control condition. Participants in the unfamiliar condition reported lower need satisfaction and feeling more out of the loop than participants in the familiar and control conditions. Across all 4 studies, feeling more out of the loop mediated the relationship between familiarity and need satisfaction level. Additionally, participants’ self-rated pop culture importance did not moderate the effect. Thus, seemingly innocuous reminders of being out of the cultural loop in everyday life are capable of eliciting negative psychological consequences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2016 04:00:00 GMT
  • Billboard Hot 100 songs: Self-promoting over the past 20 years.
    • Abstract: Research suggests that an increase in narcissism and individualism in contemporary Western society corresponds with greater self-focus depicted in cultural products (Morling & Lamoreaux, 2008). However, little attention has been given to popular music within this context (DeWall, Pond, Campbell, & Twenge, 2011). The current study examines changes in self-promotion (e.g., references to self, bragging, demands for respect), and the sociodemographic characteristics of both artists and audiences as they relate to self-promoting tendencies in popular music. Data were obtained using Billboard Hot 100 songs for the years 1990, 2000, and 2010. The most popular music in 2010 contained significantly more types of self-promotion than music from previous decades. This change reflects characteristics of genres (e.g., rap/hip-hop, pop, dance) that have gained popularity among younger audiences, but also corresponds to larger societal changes in individualism. Songs by male artists and African American artists were more likely to contain self-promotion than those by female or Caucasian artists. These differences are considered within the context of past theory and research related to socialization across groups more generally. Implications for parents, educators, and consumers are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2016 04:00:00 GMT
  • From bodies to blame: Exposure to sexually objectifying media increases
           tolerance toward sexual harassment.
    • Abstract: This paper investigates whether exposure to sexually objectifying media leads to more tolerance toward sexual harassment of women in the context of a real-life scenario. Moreover, given that self-objectification reflects the internalization of gender-based inequalities, we also tested whether self-objectification was associated with greater tolerance toward sexual harassment of women. Two hundred and ten undergraduate students (112 men) were asked to watch sexually objectifying (vs. neutral) video clips before completing a questionnaire assessing tolerance toward sexual harassment. As expected, we found that watching sexually objectifying video clips led to more victim blame when evaluating a real-life scenario of sexual harassment, but it did not affect general attitudes toward sexual harassment. Moreover, trait self-objectification was associated with general attitudes toward sexual harassment of women, with more tolerance toward sexual harassment among people with high trait self-objectification. In contrast, neither exposure to sexually objectifying video clips nor trait self-objectification affected perpetrator blame. These findings suggest that even short exposure to sexually objectifying media contributes to shifting attitudes toward sexual harassment of nonsexualized women in the real world, and they also illuminate the role of self-objectification in maintaining gender-based inequalities. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Apr 2016 04:00:00 GMT
  • The moods meaningful media create: Effects of hedonic and eudaimonic
           television clips on viewers’ affective states and subsequent program
    • Abstract: Typically, research on enjoyment motivations for media selection has centered on hedonic, or pleasure-seeking, motivations. Recently eudaimonic, or truth-seeking, motivations have also received attention. Most investigations into hedonic and eudaimonic motivations for media consumption have conceptualized these motivations as traits, rather than as states, using surveys to determine that long-standing hedonic and eudaimonic motivations influence entertainment preferences. This experiment explored the possibility that more temporary hedonic and eudaimonic states can also be induced by media exposure. A laboratory experiment successfully manipulated hedonic and eudaimonic states using clips with either hedonic or eudaimonic tone from 3 different TV programs, with clip tone affecting participants’ reports of hedonic and eudaimonic states as well as meaningful and fun affect. The experiment also found partial evidence that clip tone might influence subsequent program selection, but only with 1 program of 3 in the study. Implications for an understanding of TV consumption motivations are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Apr 2016 04:00:00 GMT
  • “He acted like a crazy person”: Exploring the influence of college
           students’ recall of stereotypic media representations of mental illness.
    • Abstract: Nearly half of all U.S. adults will be diagnosed with a mental illness at some point in their developmental trajectory, and college students may be particularly vulnerable to experience mental distress. Despite its prevalence, public perception about mental illness remains obscured by misinformation and social stigma. Scholars have long recognized the role that mass media play in cultivating and perpetuating this stigma. The purpose of this study was to survey college students (N = 359) to explore how mass media prime stereotypic conceptions about mental illness and subsequently influence the mechanisms of social stigma. Results indicated that media use predicted higher estimates of the prevalence of mental illness. Participants’ descriptions of mentally ill media characters were characterized by stereotypic attributes including violent behaviors, angry outbursts, childlike behaviors, and severe symptomatology. Recall of stereotypic depictions of mental illness predicted discomfort around people with mental illness, but those participants who defined mental illness using severe symptomatology were more willing to communicate concerns about mental illness. These findings illuminate why it is necessary to assess how audiences perceive media representations of mental illness in order to understand the mechanisms through which mass media shape public perception about mental illness. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Apr 2016 04:00:00 GMT
  • Suicide contagion in response to widely publicized celebrity deaths: The
           roles of depressed affect, death-thought accessibility, and attitudes.
    • Abstract: Suicide contagion often occurs when a suicide death that is widely publicized (typically by the media) results in increases in suicide rates. However, the underlying cognitive and emotional mechanisms behind how and when suicide contagion occurs have been, up to this point, hazily understood. The present study: (a) tested whether individuals with depressed affect respond differently to celebrity suicides widely publicized by the media compared with those who do not have depressed affect, (b) measured 2 potential cognitive mechanisms that may be involved in suicide contagion, death-thought accessibility and attitudes about the acceptability and normality of suicide, and (c) compared responses to widely publicized suicide versus accidental death and natural death. The findings highlight a key moderator—depressive affect—that predicts the likelihood of being susceptible to suicide contagion effects following media coverage of a suicide death, clarify that its boundary conditions include cases of accidental death, and elucidate 2 cognitive mechanisms, death-thought accessibility and attitudes toward suicide acceptability and normality. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Apr 2016 04:00:00 GMT
  • United in the name of justice: How conformity processes in social media
           may influence online vigilantism.
    • Abstract: In order to advance the understanding of conformity processes in online environments, this research examined how peer reactions to an ethically questionable call to vigilantism on Facebook influence the individual’s responses to this initiative. In an experiment, we varied peer reactions in form of textual comments and numeric displays (the number of people who have already “liked” or “shared” a message). While the valence of peer comments and numeric information had an interaction effect on the individual’s intention to support this call online, offline support intentions and attitudes toward the call were only affected under conditions of high identification with commenters. Dispositional altruism and empathy directly influenced individuals’ willingness to participate in this initiative of vigilantism—independently of other users’ reactions. Implications for theoretical models of conformity processes in online realms are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Mar 2016 05:00:00 GMT
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