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Journal Cover Psychology of Popular Media Culture
  [5 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2160-4134 - ISSN (Online) 2160-4142
   Published by APA Homepage  [73 journals]
  • Evolutionary theory and reactions to mass media: Understanding parasocial
    • Authors: Stever; Gayle S.
      Abstract: Forming attachments to those people proximal to the individual was the only option prior to mass media. In an era of mass media, individuals become acquainted with media personae, expanding greatly the pool of available attachment objects. This increases the possibility of a parasocial attachment, defined as a nonreciprocated attachment to a familiar other, and from whom one derives safe haven and felt security. This paper addresses 2 questions: From an evolutionary perspective, what is the expected way that viewers should perceive and react to attractive and familiar media personae' Second, as human beings evolve socially in a mediated environment, will parasocial attachments be adaptive or will they encourage, as a result of confusion over “real” versus parasocial relationships, some measure of dysfunction' Based on data collected during participant observer ethnography within active fan groups, parasocial attachment to celebrities would be a likely outcome of repeated exposure to those celebrities in visual media. The Media Equation (Reeves & Nass, 1996) states that human perceptions do not differentiate between those that emanate from the real world and those that come from media, helping explain the strong feelings that some media viewers develop for personae only encountered through media. The conclusion is that attachment to celebrities and even celebrity worship itself is to be expected, rather than being an abnormal and an aberrant manifestation of human behavior. Although most case examples of parasocial attachment appeared to support positive functioning, in some cases parasocial attachments can be problematic. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2016-03-14
      DOI: 10.1037/ppm0000116
  • Media-induced recovery: The effects of positive versus negative media
           stimuli on recovery experience, cognitive performance, and energetic
    • Authors: Rieger; Diana; Reinecke, Leonard; Bente, Gary
      Abstract: Recent research has demonstrated that the use of hedonically positive interactive media content contributes to the satisfaction of recovery needs and is associated with recovery outcomes such as higher levels of cognitive performance and increased energetic arousal. The recovery effects of noninteractive media stimuli as well as of media content with negative affective valence, however, are less clear. The present investigation addressed this limitation of prior research on media-induced recovery. In an experiment (N = 99), participants were first exposed to a task to impose work strain and then assigned to one of the 3 experimental conditions: (a) a movie clip with positive affective valence, (b) a movie clip with negative affective valence, or (c) the control condition with no media exposure. The results demonstrate that both media conditions resulted in higher levels of recovery experience and cognitive performance than the nonmedia control condition. Furthermore, exposure to the video clip with negative valence resulted in higher levels of involvement and energetic arousal than exposure to the positive media stimulus. The findings extend prior research by providing a direct test of the recovery potential of noninteractive media and by revealing the differential patterns of recovery effects resulting from exposure to positive and negative media content. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-07-27
      DOI: 10.1037/ppm0000075
  • Feeling political interest while being entertained' Explaining the
           emotional experience of interest in politics in the context of political
           entertainment programs.
    • Authors: Weinmann; Carina
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explain the interest of individuals in political issues during the exposure to political entertainment programs from an emotion psychological perspective. It is based on the emotion-attribution theory of interest (Silvia, 2006), which addresses both the development of short-term and long-term interests of individuals and on two-process models of entertainment experiences during media consumption (Vorderer & Reinecke, 2012). The results of a between-subjects online experiment (N = 201) partially support the theory’s basic assumptions. Further, they reveal supporting preconditions prompted by the programs and their audience, with the most important one being eudaimonic entertainment experiences of the audience. Taken as a whole, the findings suggest political entertainment programs to be powerful resources for eliciting interest in politics among citizens. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-07-20
      DOI: 10.1037/ppm0000091
  • Perceived media influence, mental illness, and responses to news coverage
           of a mass shooting.
    • Authors: Hoffner; Cynthia A.; Fujioka, Yuki; Cohen, Elizabeth L.; Atwell Seate, Anita
      Abstract: This study examined the perceived influence of news coverage of the Virginia Tech shootings on self and others’ attitudes about mental illness, and behavioral outcomes (including willingness to seek social connections and willingness to seek and disclose mental health treatment), as a function of personal experience with mental illness (none, family, self). We conducted an online survey of 198 adults within about 1 month of the event. Perceived negative influence of news on others’ attitudes, but not self, was higher for those who had greater experience with mental illness. Fear predicted perceived news influence on self (but not others), primarily for people who had no personal experience with mental illness. Further, for people without mental illness experience, perceived news influence on their own attitudes toward mental illness was associated with more engagement in support/comfort activities and greater likelihood of online opinion expression. In contrast, for people with mental illness, perceiving that others’ attitudes had become more negative was associated with less engagement in support/comfort activities. Finally, perceived news influence on self was related to less willingness to disclose mental health treatment. Implications of the findings are discussed from the perspective of the influence of presumed influence model and intergroup emotions theory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-07-20
      DOI: 10.1037/ppm0000093
  • Room for debate (and derogation): Negativity of readers’ comments on
           Black authors’ online content.
    • Authors: Sumner; Rachel; Stanley, Maclen J.; Burrow, Anthony L.
      Abstract: When most people think of anonymous comments written on online content, they think of messages that are overtly negative and offensive. Previous research suggests that readers of online content about race may react more negatively to authors who are members of stigmatized racial groups. In 2 studies, we tested this possibility with respect to online content written by Black and White authors. In Study 1, we analyzed readers’ comments on actual race-related opinion-editorial (op-ed) essays published on The New York Times’ Room for Debate blog over a 1-year period. As predicted, readers wrote more (and more negative) comments on Black authors’ op-eds compared to comments written on White authors’ op-eds. Study 2, which included information about the readers, revealed that people who rate themselves as likely to comment online are also more likely to have negative reactions to Black authors’ content. Implications for race-related online content and directions for future research are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-07-06
      DOI: 10.1037/ppm0000090
  • Copycat crime dynamics: The interplay of empathy, narrative persuasion and
           risk with likelihood to commit future criminality.
    • Authors: Chadee; Derek; Surette, Raymond; Chadee, Mary; Brewster, Dionne
      Abstract: Prior research on media and violence suggests that youths with low empathy and high sensitivity to narrative persuasion are at particular risk of criminogenic media. The motivation to copycat behavior and level of risk criminality are predictors of the likelihood to commit future criminality (LCFC). This study assesses the relationship among empathy, narrative persuasion, risk, media influence, need for cognition (NFC), copycat motivation, and the LCFC. Utilizing a sample of 373 respondents across three categories, detention center, high- and low-risk schools (Mage = 16.5, SD = 1.6), face to face interviews were conducted with a standardized questionnaire. Findings from a structural equation model (SEM) indicate that risk and copycat motivation have the strongest positive direct relationship with LCFC. Empathic concern and narrative persuasion were inversely and positively related, respectively, to copycat motivation. Findings are discussed in context of their implications and past research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-06-22
      DOI: 10.1037/ppm0000088
  • Regulatory motivations in celebrity interest: Self-suppression and
    • Authors: Maltby; John; Day, Liz
      Abstract: Due to concerns regarding the theoretical and empirical contexts that surround the description of celebrity interest, the current studies examined the development of a measure of 2 self-regulatory motivations in celebrity interest (RMiCI): self-suppression and self-expansion. Across 2 samples (total n = 527), scores on an adapted version of Stenseng, Rise, and Kraft’s (2012) Escapism Scale demonstrated a replicable 2-factor structure, concurrent and convergent with other measures of celebrity interest and the biopsychological theory of personality. Scores on the measure also demonstrated discriminant and predictive validity in terms of divergent associations between self-suppression and self-expansion with positive and negative affect respectively. These current findings add to the celebrity interest literature, focusing on regulatory processes in celebrity interest. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: 2015-06-08
      DOI: 10.1037/ppm0000087
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