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Journal Cover Psychology of Popular Media Culture
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2160-4134 - ISSN (Online) 2160-4142
   Published by APA Homepage  [73 journals]
  • The impact of cosmetic surgery advertising on women’s body image and
           attitudes towards cosmetic surgery.
    • Abstract: Cosmetic surgery is increasingly common, and the way it is advertised has raised concern (American Society of Plastic Surgeons [ASPS], 2004; British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons [BAAPS], 2008). Two experimental, between-participants studies examined the impact of cosmetic surgery advertising on body image and attitudes toward surgery. Study 1 examined the impact of different types of information in such advertising. Women (N = 161) viewed cosmetic surgery advertising containing either discount incentives, risk information, no additional information, or the control advertisements. Study 2 investigated the role of different imagery in cosmetic surgery advertising. Women (N = 151) viewed advertising containing images of models, clinics/their location, scalpels, or the control advertisements. Exposure to cosmetic surgery advertising led to increased dissatisfaction with weight (Study 1) and appearance (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, materialism moderated weight dissatisfaction such that highly materialistic women were more weight dissatisfied when exposed to cosmetic surgery advertising (Study 1) and to advertising containing images of clinics (Study 2). Perceived benefits of surgery were lower following exposure to cosmetic surgery advertising, whereas consideration of undergoing surgery was higher in women exposed to advertising containing risk information (Study 1). Perception of risks associated with cosmetic surgery varied according to the types of images included in the advertisements (Study 2). Overall, results suggest advertising for cosmetic surgery impacts women’s body image negatively, and information provided in such advertising impacts attitudes toward surgery differently. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT
       
  • The relationship between elevation, connectedness, and compassionate love
           in meaningful films.
    • Abstract: Expanding on the research of meaningful entertainment media and its effects, this study investigated the relationship between experiences related to elevation responses to film. Whereas research thus far has focused primarily on portrayals of altruism to elicit elevation, the results of this study show that portrayals of connectedness, love, and kindness in meaningful films are also able to elicit feelings of elevation. Moreover, elevation mediated the relationship between meaningful films and feelings of connectedness toward the transcendent, close others, and toward one’s family; compassionate love toward close others; and compassionate motivation to love and be good to humanity. The study demonstrates the potential of meaningful films to increase experiences of connectedness to the transcendent, which ultimately can enhance our concern about the well-being of others, and motivation to be more compassionate even to strangers. Implications for the scholarship of positive media psychology are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Dec 2015 05:00:00 GMT
       
  • An evolutionary perspective on cooperative behavior in gamers.
    • Abstract: This research was the first experimental study to investigate the effect of video gaming on measures of cooperative behavior from an evolutionary standpoint. The final sample comprised a total 117 participants (39 male, 78 females), with a mean age of 24 years (SD = 8.93). Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 media conditions (violent book, violent video game, nonviolent video game, and violent TV show) and measured on prosocial behavior before any media exposure and assessed on cooperative behavior after media exposure. Novice and regular gamers did not differ on prosocial behavior before gaming. After media exposure, a self-constructed version of the iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma game was used to measure cooperation. Further analyses were then conducted to measure differences between conditions on cooperative behavior. It was found that regular and multiplayer gamers were not significantly higher or lower on measures of cooperative behavior compared to novices or solitary gamers. Although nonsignificant, effect sizes were consistent with past research which suggests heightened cooperation in regular gamers. Media type exposure did not have a significant effect on cooperative behavior. Findings suggest that cooperative behavior is not less prominent in regular or multiplayer gamers than novices or solitary gamers. These results indicate that, contrary to the predictions one may make from the GAM model of violent gaming (Anderson & Bushman, 2001), violent media exposure does not appear to produce reductions in prosocial or cooperative behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Sep 2015 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Gendered race in mass media: Invisibility of Asian men and Black women in
           popular magazines.
    • Abstract: According to gendered race theory, racial stereotypes can contain a gendered component whereby certain racial and ethnic groups are viewed as being more prototypically masculine or feminine. A number of studies investigating gendered race stereotypes have found that Blacks in North American society are represented and conceived as prototypically masculine, while Asians are represented and conceived of as prototypically feminine. This study examined whether patterns consistent with gendered race prototypes appear in mass media depictions, specifically in popular magazines, such that Asian men and Black women are proportionally less likely than other groups to be depicted. The perceived race and gender of 8,672 individuals depicted within 5 issues each of 6 popular magazines were examined quantitatively to examine whether individuals from nonprototypical gendered race categories were less likely to be depicted. The results indicated that Asian women were more likely to be depicted than Asian men, while Black men were more likely to be depicted than Black women, relative to Whites. These results suggest that, consistent with theories of gendered race and intersectional invisibility, individuals deemed less prototypical of their race and gender categories are rendered invisible in societal representations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Assessing alcohol and sexual content on reality dating programs.
    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency and type of alcohol and sexual messages portrayed on reality dating TV programs, as well as the extent to which these 2 content areas overlapped within a scene. Reality dating programs were chosen because they are unique in their portrayal of “unscripted” dating and sexual encounters among “real-life” people, set in a competitive context. A total of 45 episodes from 9 reality dating programs were coded for visual and verbal references to alcohol and sexuality. Results indicate that visual references to alcohol consumption, especially portrayals of light drinking, were the most the common type of content, appearing in 58% of all scenes. The majority of verbal references to alcohol were positive in slant, except when specific reasons for or consequences of using alcohol were mentioned, which were more often negative. Visual or verbal references to sexuality occurred in 37% of all scenes, with most depicting physical flirtation and general sexual interest, and few portraying consequences of sexual behavior. Alcohol and sexual content were depicted concurrently in 25% of all scenes, indicating that alcohol is an integral component of dating and sexual scripts portrayed in this genre. This overlap largely reflected the visual depiction of light alcohol consumption in scenes with sexual talk or sexual behavior. Findings are discussed in light of the possibility that reality TV may serve as a source of young people’s alcohol and sexual expectancies. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sport fans and Sci-Fi fanatics: The social stigma of popular media fandom.
    • Abstract: Popular media culture fandom is associated with a variety of positive psychological, social, and cultural outcomes, but people who participate in these fandoms may be socially stigmatized because of the object of their fandom. A 2 (Fandom Type: Science Fiction/Fantasy; Sport) × 2 (Target Fan Sex: Female; Male) between-subjects experimental design was used to examine the influence of fandom type and fan sex on the 3 dimensions of interpersonal attraction: social, physical, and task. In general, science fiction/fantasy fans were perceived as less socially and physically attractive compared to sport fans, particularly male science fiction/fantasy fans. However, there were no differences between the groups in task attractiveness. Female sport fans were judged as more physically and socially attractive than female science fiction/fantasy fans. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Aug 2015 04:00:00 GMT
       
 
 
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