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Journal Cover DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0126-219X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7858
   Published by Petra Christian University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • BALI TRADITIONAL SETTLEMENT MORPHOLOGY ANALYSIS PENGLIPURAN, KUBU VILLAGE,
           BANGLI REGENCY, BALI PROVINCE

    • Authors: HAKIM Bhanu Rizfa, SETIADI Amos
      Abstract: Morphology settlement based on the traditional Balinese Hindu customs and beliefs that are used in laying out the pattern of settlement and thus creating harmonization .The development of the tourism potential of the Penglipuran village is benefited by the society as an attempt of promoting the uniqueness of the village. Issues raised in this research is how the morphology of the indigenous settlements on village Bali Penglipuran and factors that cause. The methods used in this research were direct observation, in-depth interviews, and mapping the physical environment of the area. This research has found the addition patterns and morphological changes in traditional settlements that are affected by the development of tourism. Hence, This study found the morphological characteristics of the indigenous settlements in Desa Adat Bali Panglipuran in an effort to uphold the order of the tradition
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • BANDUNG JENGKI FROM HERITAGE POINT OF VIEW: DOCUMENTATION AND PRELIMINARY
           SEARCH ON SIGNIFICANCE

    • Authors: WULANDARI Ratri
      Abstract: Jengki architecture is one of Indonesian post-colonial architecture style popular in 1950 to 1970. Most study of Jengki was done in Jakarta, Semarang, and Malang. In Bandung, there is no written record of Jengki identification or documentation found. This paper tries to recognize and document Jengki typology in Bandung as a preliminary study on its presences, and its variant, in the city. It also tries to look at this typology from heritage point of view, whether there is significance in accordance to heritage criteria. Using site survey and Google street view, data were collected and elaborated in table to recognize Jengki traits in a suspected building. Building’s significances were then reviewed using criteria mentioned in local legislation.  It is found that not all suspected Jengki building contain all Jengki traits rather more late modern Indonesian character.  Private buildings were assessed to have less heritage value, while public building retains more. Deeper study and documentation on Jengki in Bandung are still needed to legitimate Jengki as heritage since there is no study ever done previously on this issue
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • INNOVATION OF BUILDING DESIGN BASED ON PREDICTED MEAN VOTE (PMV) INDEX FOR
           INCREASING HUMAN COMFORT

    • Authors: Sugiono Sugiono
      Abstract: Concerning towards the quality of air comfort and safety to pedestrians in the University area should be increased as Indonesia economics booming. The objective of this study is to investigate and then to evaluate the distribution of thermal comfort at the University of Brawijaya, Malang. The research is started with study literature and early survey to collect all information of building layout and building shape at the University of Brawijaya. The information is used to create a 3D model in CAD software. The model is simulated to measure the PMV factors of air temperature, relative humidity and air speed in some locations. The two scenarios of maintaining the predicted mean vote (PMV) is presented by designing the new building based on air foil shape dimension to keep the wind speed in higher value for pedestrian and by putting the water pool in front of the building to increase the air temperature. As a result, the air foil based design is capable to reduce PMV index in average 0.4 scale and pool design is only reducing PMV index level in 0.001 scale
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • THE INFLUENCE OF WALL COLOR AND LAMP COLOR TEMPERATURE TO STUDENT’S
           CONCENTRATION AND COGNITION

    • Authors: KRISTANTO Luciana, TANUWIDJAJA Gunawan, ELSIANA Fenny Fenny, WIJAYA Nerissa Arviana Nerissa Arviana, WAHONO Eunice
      Abstract: Concentration has an important role in our life, especially in order to get a quality and productivity in working. With concentration we can achieve the maximum and faster result in our work. Some ways to improve concentration that being researched here is by arranging the wall color and the lamp color temperature of the room. The color used as wall color in this research was the blue 9.8B, 7.4/5.6; and the orange 8.1YR, 8.7/3.7 of the Munsell color palette. Whereas the room lighting was the fluorescent lamp in 6500K (cool daylight) and 2700K (warm white) color temperature. Respondents of this research were 117 undergraduate students, the average GPA was 3.28; and 20,26 years as the mean age. The concentration and cognition tests are the Army Alfa test and IST subtest 9 that conducted in the room with different condition. Found in this research that the blue with cool daylight lamp has significant impact to concentration in 2,526 Lickert scale; and that orange with cool daylight lamp has correlation 0.781 to cognition result; but the other conditions have no significancy toward concentration and cognition
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • UNPLANNED SETTLEMENT FORM IN POLONIA VILLAGE MEDAN INDONESIA

    • Authors: MARPAUNG Beny O.Y., LUBIS Khalimah
      Abstract: Urbanization results in the increase of urban facilities and infrastructure needs in urban areas, especially the need for a place to stay. As a result, unplanned settlement is formed. The people living in Polonia Village for example look shabby and some are still living there illegally. The purpose of this research is to discover the form of settlement, the form of the distribution of community residences, the underlying terms and the process of the settlement formation in PoloniaVillage located on the banks of the Babura River. The research methods are qualitative approach in the form of interviews and quantitative approach in the form of a questionnaire. The results of this study are (1) Basically, the process of formation or the history of a settlement affects the settlement itself that it can develop sustainably, (2) The spreading pattern of the residential areas in every neighborhood in Polonia Village is an organic pattern and the road pattern is generally an irregular grid pattern, (3) The local communities’ thoughts play an important role in shaping the physical environment of Polonia Village, and (4) Polonia Village Medan has six patterns of unplanned settlement such as organic pattern, linear pattern, cluster pattern, central corridor pattern, grid pattern, and leapfrogging development pattern. The results of this study can be useful for North Sumatera Department of Settlements and Spatial Planning and for the science development in the field of socio-cultural and morphology
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • MULTI-CRITERIA APPROACH FOR DESIGNING SUSTAINABLE DRAINAGE IN MALANG
           RESIDENTIAL AREA INDONESIA

    • Authors: HAPSARI Ratih Indri, MUNTAHA Yasnuar, EFENDI Medi
      Abstract: Environmentally sound approach for sustainable urban drainage could promote infiltration and lower the risk of flooding. This study presents the framework to evaluate the drainage alternatives considering multiple aspects including water quantity, life cycle cost and amenity. This approach is verified through application at a residential area in Malang city Indonesia. Different combinations of drainage components comprising of drainage channels, infiltration wells and biopore absorption holes are assessed regarding runoff reduction, present value of life cycle cost, and willingness to pay for the convenience. The first part describes the effective designs of sustainable drainage components in the houses as well as in the public spaces of the housing. The second part of this study describes the use of analytic hierarchy process for weight assignment of sustainability criteria and multiple benefit calculation. The study recommends infiltration wells and biopore absorption holes together with drainage channels as the best management practice of sustainable drainage system based on its overall sustainability index.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • CONSIDERING THE ELDERLY’S NEEDS IN DEVELOPING NURSING HOME DESIGN

    • Authors: MANURUNG Parmonangan
      Abstract: Statistics show that the elderly people population has increased every year, which makes the role of the nursing home, becomes very important. However, most nursing home has not been able to meet the needs of the elderly who have different needs due to changes in their physical and psychological abilities. This research was conducted at two nursing homes and aims to find the design changes and design development that occur to accommodate the needs of the elderly. A descriptive qualitative was employed, and in-depth interviews, field observation, literature reviews, and field measurements were conducted for collecting data. The data was coded and analysed using descriptive qualitative content approach. The results showed some changes were developed to meet the needs of the elderly as they experience changes in physical and psychological condition. The original design did not meet the need of elderly residents, therefore some development had been made. Design developments have already met and supported the activities of the elderly residents
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • HOSPITAL’S WALL COLOUR IMPACT ON STROKE PATIENTS’ WARD USERS
           IN SURABAYA

    • Authors: Tanuwidjaja GUNAWAN, Luciana KRISTANTO, Feny ELSIANA, Juniar YUSANI, Maria Marsha HARYOGO, Sastra BUDIHARDJA
      Abstract: The Cardiovascular diseases have become the top killer since 1970 worldwide. In 2005, it was recorded the present of 5.7 million stroke survivors. On the other hand, healing stroke and its related complications required much more considerable time. So the patients’ wards quality especially related to wall colour become very important for the patients' recovery. The study was conducted with exploratory methods combining visual methods of research and Luscher colour test. Series of interviews were conducted to gather the users’ perception. So, it was found on that blue wall colour calmed the medical personals, patients, and their family. The most soothing Blue colour variant according to respondents was the Artic Blue (hue 9.8 B, value 7.4 and chroma 5.6).
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • GENDERED SPACE IN WEST SUMBA TRADITIONAL HOUSES

    • Authors: Esti Asih NURDIAH, Altrerosje ASRI, Agus Dwi HARIYANTO
      Abstract: Rendell stated that gender representation underlined the production of space in architecture both symbolically and functionally in certain cultures (Rendell et al. 2000). Thus, an exploration on the spatial functionality of traditional houses could show how cultural gender rules and roles generate the spatial arrangements. This empirical research explored the traditional houses in two kampongs: Tarung and Ratenggaro of West Sumba, Indonesia, which spaces are divided into two distinct spaces: male’s space and female’s space, each with its own entrance. This firm division leads to the questions on its relation with the traditional gender roles are represented inside the house. Interestingly, the spatial arrangement is not intended to create separation between men and women inside the house or to pose that the status and roles of men are higher than those of women. The research found that the space separation actually is a manifestation of the dynamic roles of male and female members of the house and the circular arrangement of the space around the fireplace at the centre of the house follows the dynamic of gender duality in Sumba culture.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • REDUCING SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF NORTH-SOUTH BUSINESS CORRIDORS IN
           YOGYAKARTA

    • Authors: Prasasto SATWIKO, Winnie MICHELLE
      Abstract: The heat island has made the warm-humid climate city of Yogyakarta thermally more uncomfortable, which induces its people to depend more on energy consuming air conditioners. Business corridors are constructed from building walls and roofs, pedestrian paths, the streets and the vegetation, which convert solar radiation into heat. Infrared mappings of the four north-south axis business corridors of Yogyakarta found that streets and vehicles have their temperatures higher than the air temperature. Exception is at Gejayan St., where the street’s temperature is close to the air temperature. This street has rows of trees on its median, which effectively shades the street. Further study on Gejayan St. using a computer simulation method confirms that columnar and spreading form trees can reduce incident solar radiation on the street surface by, respectively, 13.35% and 22.02%. Putting creeping plants on pergolas reduce incident solar radiation on the west and the east walls by, respectively, 37.05% and 37.45%.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • DISASTER MITIGATION APPROACH OF URBAN GREEN STRUCTURE CONCEPT IN COASTAL
           SETTLEMENT

    • Authors: Fuady MIRZA
      Abstract: Coastal settlement of Banda Aceh in the north of Sumatera Island has high potential risk of tsunami disaster. In the year 2004, half of Banda Aceh city has been destroyed by tsunami disaster, especially its coastal settlement area. Based on this experience, the approach of disaster mitigation concept for coastal settlement with vision of environment represent wise choice on planning sustainable Banda Aceh for future generation. This qualitative research try to explore the role of green open space as green structure of the city by considering aspect of tsunami disaster mitigation for coastal settlement of Banda Aceh. This research will evaluate the existence of green open space and post disaster reconstruction of coastal settlement area. Result of this research is green structure concept in coastal settlement of Banda Aceh based on tsunami disaster mitigation and expected to contribute ideas for disaster mitigation in other coastal settlement areas.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • DAYLIGHTING PERFORMANCE OF HORIZONTAL LIGHT PIPE BRANCHING ON OPEN PLAN
           OFFICE SPACE

    • Authors: Feny ELSIANA, Sri Nastiti EKASIWI, I Gusti Ngurah ANTARYAMA
      Abstract: For daylighting purpose, office buildings should have a shallow plan and increase the ratio of surface to building’s volume. However, intensive use of air-conditioning drives office building’s plan to be deep with a minimum surface to volume ratio. This leads to the presence of areas that have insufficient daylight level at the work plane. Considering limitations of some daylighting methods in distributing daylight to these areas, Horizontal Light Pipe (HLP) was selected. The aim of this research was to evaluate and explain the effect of HLP branching on daylight quantity and distribution inside open plan office space. Experimental with simulation as a tool was used as the research method. HLP branching’s uniformity ratio, illuminance and Daylight Factor were compared with unbranching HLP, simultaneously with daylighting standards. Results showed that office space with HLP-L branching had higher daylight level than HLP-T branching, 296 lux and 295 lux, HLP-L and HLP-T, respectively. However, HLP-T branching distributed daylight more evenly than HLP-L branching, with uniformity ratio as 1.49:1 and 1.50:1, HLP-T and HLP-L, respectively. Both of them met the illuminance target value and uniformity at work plane. Light’s deflection and improvement amount of opening distribution decreased average illuminance and Daylight Factor up to 3.59%. Those also decreased uniformity of daylight inside the space.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • THERMAL ADAPTATION, CAMPUS GREENING AND OUTDOOR USE IN LAUTECH CAMPUS,
           OGBOMOSO, NIGERIA

    • Authors: Joseph Adeniran ADEDEJI, Yekeen Olayiwola BELLO, Joseph Akinlabi FADAMIRO
      Abstract: The interwoven relationship between the use of indoors and outdoors in the tropics as means of thermal adaptation has long been recognized. In the case of outdoors, this is achieved by green intervention of shading trees as adaptive mechanisms through behavioural thermoregulation. Unfortunately, the indoor academic spaces of LAUTECH campus was not provided with necessary outdoor academic learning environment in the general site planning of the campus for use at peak indoor thermal dissatisfaction period considering the tropical climatic setting of the university. The students’ departmental and faculty associations tried to provide parks for themselves as alternatives which on casual observation are of substandard quality and poorly maintained because of lack of institutional coordination and low funding. This study examined the quality and use of these parks for thermal comfort through behavioral adjustment from subjective field evidence with the goal of improvement. To achieve this, twelve parks were selected within the campus. Questionnaires containing use and quality variables were administered randomly upon 160 users of these parks. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Results show that the quality of the parks, weather condition, period of the day, and personal psychological reasons of users has great influence on the use of the parks. The study concludes with policy recommendations on improvement of the quality of the parks and the campus outdoors and greenery in general.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • INDOOR THERMAL CONDITION OF FACTORY BUILDING IN BANGLADESH

    • Authors: Muhammed Abdullah Al Sayem Khan, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad, Tareef Hayat Khan
      Abstract: Bangladesh is a developing country and has a lot of factories for different products for local use and also export to abroad. Garments industries are one of the top most items of exported items. A huge number of populations are working in garments industries. But these factories are not well designed in sense of the thermal environment. Workers experiences sickness related to indoor environment. The productions of these factories are affected due to employees’ health condition. The research is done in two different methods. One is empirical data collection using thermal data loggers and the other is questionnaire survey on the spots for three factory buildings. The field study was conducted in four different months of the same year during winter and summer period. Expected findings of this research are that the indoor environment is not comfortable for works at day time during summer season. This research will help the factory workers in providing a comfortable thermal environment and also help the employers or factory owners to increase their production margin.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • PELESTARIAN KAWASAN PECINAN KEMBANG JEPUN KOTA SURABAYA BERDASARKAN
           PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT

    • Authors: Kartika Eka Sari, Antariksa ., Eddi Basuki Kurniawan
      Abstract: This research’s objective are to identify physical, economic and culture characteristic of Kembang Jepun, analyze potention and issue related to Kembang Jepun’s preservation and develop Kembang Jepun’s preservation. Local communities’s perception is use to analyze cultural meaning of Kembang Jepun, especially building’s age, aesthetic, scarcity, originality, strengthen the cultural meaning and area’s image. Based on IPA (Importance Performance Analysis) method, most priority for cultural meanings (scale 3) in determining building’s preservation strategy in Kembang Jepun is to strengthen the cultural meaning (the original bulding’s function in maintained), Area’s image (building;s character is repeated dominantly, community’s landmark and the function is suitable with Kembang Jepun’s character). Cultural meaning that have scale 2 are aesthetic, scarcity and cultural meaning that have scale 1 are building’s age and originality. Scales of cultural meanings (1 to 3) is combine with buildings’s value and the result are: 11 ancient building for preservation’s strategy, 34 ancient buildings for conservation’s strategy, 27 ancient buildings for revitalitation’s strategy and 17 ancient buildings for rehabilitation’s strategy.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • MEMAHAMI RELASI KONSEP FUNGSI, BENTUK DAN MAKNA ARSITEKTUR RUMAH TINGGAL
           MASYARAKAT KOTA PESISIR UTARA DI KAWASAN JAWA TIMUR (Kasus Studi Rumah
           Tinggal di Kampung Karangturi dan Kampung Sumber Girang, Lasem)

    • Authors: Bachtiar Fauzy, Antariksa ., Purnama Salura
      Abstract: Housing architecture in the Kampong Chinatown Karangturi - Lasem located in the North Coast of Java was the architecture of the Chinese community that had the character of the Chinese architectural style, this phenomenon is reinforced by the data entry of Chinese culture that took place since the 13th century. This study revealed how to understand the concept relation of function, form and meaning of urban housing architecture in the North Coast region of East Java. Case study looked at the extent of housing architecture in the Kampong Sumber Girang, Lasem as clients affected by the housing architecture in Kampung Karangturi as a patron. This study took the method of structuralism and typomorphology approach to unravel the phenomenon of urban coastal architecture concept of relation. The results of this study showed that to understand the concept relations of function, form and meaning of coastal architecture could be determined through the study of Javanese human behavior concept of relation, which at the end revealed the surface structure and deep structures of coastal architecture.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • ACHIEVING PAKIS’S THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AS ARCHITECTURAL BUILDING THERMAL
           RESISTANT BY GUARDED STEADY-STATE HOTBOX METHOD:PART 1

    • Authors: Danny Santoso Mintorogo, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad
      Abstract: Thermal conductivity of various materials which are mostly listed available as building or industrial materials in reference books and websites; but one will hardly find out for every new material, and has to be observed and try out itself if we want to know the new thermal conductivity value (k). Nonetheless with new substanct likes pakis-stem blocks that come from natural tree that could be found in the tropical woodland of Indonesia. Steady-state homogeneous temperature applied with hotbox method in an uninfluent environment likes guarded laboratory environment is the right method to obtain the thermal conductivity and resistance of porousness and semi-solidness of the pakis-stem blocks. After investigating almost 24 hours with controller TRSYS01 applying with ASTM C1155, physical semi-solid pakis blocks tend to be more easy to obtain the R-value, k-value, and surface temperatures than the porous pakis. The porous pakis blocks were tend to unstable during the test due to its physical permeable condition. The resistant values (R-value) and thermal conductivity (k) values will be further published on the following discussion of pakis thermal conductivity part 2.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • STUDI REDUKSI BUNYI PADA MATERIAL INSULASI ATAP ZINCALUME

    • Authors: Luciana Kristanto, Handoko Sugiharto, Adrian Dwi Atmojo, Leonardus Budi Darmawan Loekito
      Abstract: Sound Reduction Study of Insulator of Zinc-alume Metal-roofing. Metal roofing is a common upper-structure of wide-span building. The metal material usually used as roof covering is zinc-alume; which has better performance in strength, easy-construction and its durability than other metal material. Although it has good structural performance, its performance as a sound reduction to reduce noise to the room beneath still need to be studied further. Therefore this research aimed to study how zinc-alume and its insulator perform through air-borne noise, besides structure-borne/impact noise. Insulator has been studied here are the Orca-zinc coating, glasswool, rockwool and styrofoam. The measurement done in a reverberation chamber, with pink noise source in 125 Hz- 4000 Hz frequency.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • PENATAAN ELEMEN STRUKTURAL UNTUK MENYEDERHANAKAN PERILAKU DINAMIK, DALAM
           KETERPADUAN DENGAN DESAIN ARSITEKTUR

    • Authors: Bisatya W. Maer, Benjamin Lumantarna, Joyce M. Laurens
      Abstract: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan penataan elemen struktural yang dapat lebih efektif menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik struktur terhadap gempa bumi, dan tidak merusak keterpaduan antara rancangan arsitektural dengan rancang¬¬an struktural. Sebagai studi kasus digunakan prototipe yang merupakan bagian tower dari Gedung Intiland Tower Jakarta. Penelitian diawali dengan membuat dan menganalisis model eksisting dan tiga buah model perubahan tata letak elemen struktural untuk mendapatkan perbandingan defleksi lateral dari model-model tersebut. Perbandingan tersebut me¬nunjukkan tingkat efektifitas tata letak elemen struktural dalam menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik, sementara pengaruh¬nya terhadap tingkat keterpaduan dievaluasi dengan metode diskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua model eksperimen yang signifikan mengurangi defleksi lateral dan satu diantaranya tidak mengganggu keterpaduan rancangan arsitektural.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
 
 
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