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Journal Cover DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 0126-219X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7858
     Published by Petra Christian University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • QUELLINUS SCHOOL AND ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN

    • Authors: SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto
      Abstract: This article describes the Quellinus School in Amsterdam where the Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935), an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya, studied architecture. It starts from the origin of the school in 1876 until around 1904. From the analysis, it can be identified the teachers who trained him and what subjects he learned during his study.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • RECONSTRUCTING DECONSTRUCTION IN ARCHITECTURE

    • Authors: CHOLISLDHAM Noor
      Abstract: This paper examines deconstruction in architecture and forms used, which triggered by dispute of form and its scientification claimed by deconstructivists. Deconstruction terminologyis studied in the first part related to architecture field as a base knowledge. Some sample works of known deconstructionist architects are assessed in order to understand how their building is deconstructed and what forms they used. Discussion about form and its relation to other fields is then pursued by discussing the involvement of terminology of science, aesthetic pattern, and human life. The results of this discussion give clear understanding how form related to deconstruction in architecture are used.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • COLONIAL AND TRADITIONAL URBAN SPACE IN JAVA: A MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF TEN
           CITIES

    • Authors: SUNARYO Rony Gunawan, SOEWARNO Nindyo, Ikaputra Ikaputra, SETIAWAN Bakti
      Abstract: Most of morphological studies of cities in Java tended to place the elements of traditional urban space – such as Alun-alun, Mosque, Palace and Market – as the main elements of city. Other elements such as the colonial urban space –  Resident Office, Fort, Church, Park and so on – are often considered separately or placed as a complementary part. Through a morphological study  by exploring ten cities in Java, I found both elements of traditional and colonial urban space were set in a unique and various pattern. There are some findings indicating that the elements of colonial urban space significantly influence the city structure as well as those of the traditional ones. Therefore, understanding the urban space form in Java should include and put elements of both of traditional and colonial urban space as an integral part.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • STUDI ADAPTASI RUMAH VERNAKULAR KUTAI TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN RAWAN BANJIR DI
           TENGGARONG

    • Authors: HIDAYATI Zakiah, HS Cisyulia Octavia
      Abstract: Kutai vernacular houses represent Kutai tradition in East Kalimantan. Kutai Vernacular Houses are spread over Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara (Kukar). It is closely related to the culture of majority in Kukar. The locus of the research is Tenggarong, a sub-district of Kukar. Kukar now faces flood due to rainy season. Both climate change and environmental impact raise the water level, but Kutai vernacular houses are still exist. How the Kutai vernacular houses addapt in flood zone is the aim of the research. The research method is analyzing the changes of structure and construction of Kutai Vernacular Houses, from the beginning of the house built to the latest condition. The conclusion: there are some long lasting adaptation while others are newer adjustments in order to keep Kutai Vernacular Houses survived.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • FUNGSI PEDESTRIAN JALAN TUNJUNGAN DARI SIRKULASI KE REKREASI: STUDI KASUS
           BERDASARKAN KESEJARAHAN

    • Authors: OSWAN Devina Benlin, ARIFIN Liliany Sigit
      Abstract: Tunjungan street as one of Surabaya’s downtown street has a historical value where this street used to be lively, but suffers degradation as time passes. Pedestrian, among other many elements, holds the most important role and claims extra attention. This evaluation will cover an observation of Tunjungan strret in 20th and 21st century concerning pedestrian-impacting elements such as automobiles, canopies in the pedestrian, the activities, overpass, supporting facilities, and crime. Conclusion shows that the root problem is the increase of automobiles and the insufficient spaces (narrow) for pedestrian.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • AN OVERVIEW OF COLLAPSE OF BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA: A MEDICO-SPATIAL ANALYSIS

    • Authors: FADAMIRO Joseph Akinlabi, ADEMIRAN Adedeji Joseph
      Abstract: The tripartite quality of buildings that qualify as architectural products has been traditionally held to be serviceability, stability and aesthetics. Unfortunately, the Nigerian built environment has lost the stability component of this trio with attendant socio-economic, political and cultural negative outcomes. This is obvious from the reported cases of building collapses in the country. While the literature is replete with numerous studies on the subject matter, the interaction of this spatial problem with medical practice has been grossly neglected. This review paper presents a medico-spatial dimension of building collapse towards understanding its implications on the medical practice, people and places. Through the aid of literature resources, results show multiple interactions among these key variables. The paper enumerates and argues in favour of holistic solutions and asserts that medical professionals should be co-opted as major stakeholders in the formulation, review and enforcement of the National Building Code in Nigeria and elsewhere.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • CREATIVITY METHODS IN TEACHING THE ARCH-DESIGN STUDIO

    • Authors: EIGBEONAN Andrew B.
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to search and find methods of fostering creativity or ideas relating to creativity in teaching the arch-design studio. Teaching creativity through its methods will be making the students grounded in designing with creativity ideas and therefore we can have professionals that design and build with satisfaction, safety and complementary. It means we can have real buildings and places that satisfy our clients, the society and in harmony with the environment. Although there are similarities in the curricula of training architects all over the world, but educators go about it in their own convenient and suitable ways and styles. The ideas of creativity have been part of architecture from the onset, but are not deligently applied and also not formally incorporated in the curricula of training. The topic is also very relevant and timely as arch-educators and other stakeholders are of the opinion that something has to be done to improve the ways and methods of training architects, especially the teaching of the arch-design studio with regards to creativity. Through exploration of literature and interviews (physical and telephone call) this paper finds methods of stimulating creativity ideas in the teaching of arch-design studio. Some of the methods of motivating creativity found in teaching the arch-design studio are: analogy, metaphors, biomimicry, brainstorming, attribute listing, mental map, TRIZ, restrictions, charrette, browsing, excursions, focus groups, other peoples viewpoints, using crazy ideas, using experts, visualizing a goal, working with dreams and images and giving students design tools such as drawings CAD and model making.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • THE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF A CONTEMPORARY HOUSE AND
           TRADITIONAL HOUSE IN THE DENSE DHAKA CITY IN BANGLADESH

    • Authors: RASHID Rumana, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmed
      Abstract: Bangladesh Traditional houses (B.T.H) which are located in warm humid tropical climate represent a unique phenomenon with device capable to meet the comfort demand through environmental well adapted design.  Recently the traditional house and the contemporary design house (C.D.H) for Bangladesh are examined by comparing the thermal performance within the same outdoor condition and the climatic region at the dense Dhaka city.  This comparison is based on field measurements of thermal performance of the traditional house and the contemporary design house within the same summer period. Quantitative method is used to measure the thermal performance. The field survey was conducted using two set of thermal data loggers were installed in both selected houses to record the air temperature and relative humidity of the outdoor and indoor spaces.  Data collection was carried out for the hot and wet month of summer period in June.  The research result concluded that the traditional houses of Bangladesh provided useful indicators of appropriate architectural design response to climate, particularly in the context of purely passive environmental control. However it is required to adapt a critical approach towards the modern contemporary architectural design strategy of deriving lesson from traditional houses to extend the period of indoor thermal environment inside the contemporary houses.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN (1881-1935) Family Background, Arrival to- and
           Career in Surabaya

    • Authors: SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto
      Abstract: A Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935) was one of the most remarkable architects in the Netherlands Indies. He left his position in Amsterdam and then went to Surabaya to be an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya. During his career in the city, he designed many buildings and constructions so that any discussion about Dutch colonial architecture in the city cannot be separated from his works. This article explains from which family he came, how situation of Surabaya when he arrived, and what his activities other than as the Municipal architect.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • RETHINKING OF LYNCH’S: A STUDY OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S PERCEPTION OF
           SURABAYA CITY

    • Authors: DAMAYANTI Rully, KOSSAK Florian
      Abstract: Kevin Lynch’s concept of the image of the city has influenced many academics and practitioners around the world. However, misconceptions have arisen in applying Lynch’s concept through a superficial understanding of his five elements. The main purpose of this article is to extend meaning making behind the urban elements identification, on which Lynch had put less emphasizes. The research, on which this article is based, has been conducted in Surabaya- Indonesia with young people from a mid to high economic family background that a have high dependency on private cars. In imagining the city, they emphasize more on meaning rather than physical appearances of the elements. Meaning is driven by their daily route, social life style, and ethnic background. Lynch identified three dimensions in imagining cities, namely identity, structure and meaning, which are embedded in the urban elements. In this case study, meaning is regarded as being more important than the other two and as it represents social symbols of a specific group in the city of Surabaya.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • CLIENT EXPECTATION FROM RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY DESIGN SERVICES AND
           ARCHITECTS’ PERCEPTION

    • Authors: OLUWATAYO Adedapo Adewunmi
      Abstract: Very few studies exist on the expectations of clients from architects. There are however, anecdotal evidences that architects may not fully grasp what is most important to their clients. As a pilot study, the aim of this paper was to investigate the expectations of clients from residential design services and architects’ perceptions of those expectations. A questionnaire was designed to suit the purpose of comparison of responses of the two groups.  The factor analysis conducted revealed that the expectations from design services could be described in terms of value, professionalism, and empathy. Using mean gap analysis, the study identified areas where architects have under-estimated the expectations of clients as well as those areas where the expectations have been over-estimated. The results would help architects to focus on areas, which are important to the clients and possibly reduce client dissatisfaction. This is study, which is one of the first on the subject, is limited in three ways. First, residential clients were the only ones considered. In addition, respondents were only taken from Nigeria and the sample size as well as the response rate was small.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • MENGELOLA PERUBAHAN: PERENCANAAN KONSERVASI GEDUNG DE JAVASCHE BANK
           SURABAYA

    • Authors: KWANDA Timoticin
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present changes or interventions that allow to be applied in conservation of De Javasche Bank Surabaya in order to sustain the conservation main principle, authenticity. In this case, the problem of this study is how far a heritage building can be changed as a result of the interventions. Manage change in conservation planning of the building is important to be discussed for the interventions that carried out has to meet the conservation principles. Purposive sampling method is applied, therefore De Javasche Bank Surabaya is selected as the case study because at that time it was the only building that undergoing conservation planning in Surabaya. Conservation planning for the building that built in 1910 is guidance of interventions or changes prepared based on historical study, building documentation, and analysis of the the building transformation, the building structure, and material authenticity. Then, the results of the study was put into the acceptable interventions such as preservation of all the original and some existing elements; rehabilitation, restoration, reconstruction of the broken, ruined, missing elements and the hidden original element, including structure reinforcement; demolition of additional elements that cover the original elements; for the new elements such as MEP, minimum intervention principle can be met by using the existing openings; and to support the discernible principle in conservation, addition of new architecture elements with new materials as representation of the present era.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • STUDI REDUKSI BUNYI PADA MATERIAL INSULASI ATAP ZINCALUME

    • Authors: Luciana Kristanto, Handoko Sugiharto, Adrian Dwi Atmojo, Leonardus Budi Darmawan Loekito
      Abstract: Sound Reduction Study of Insulator of Zinc-alume Metal-roofing. Metal roofing is a common upper-structure of wide-span building. The metal material usually used as roof covering is zinc-alume; which has better performance in strength, easy-construction and its durability than other metal material. Although it has good structural performance, its performance as a sound reduction to reduce noise to the room beneath still need to be studied further. Therefore this research aimed to study how zinc-alume and its insulator perform through air-borne noise, besides structure-borne/impact noise. Insulator has been studied here are the Orca-zinc coating, glasswool, rockwool and styrofoam. The measurement done in a reverberation chamber, with pink noise source in 125 Hz- 4000 Hz frequency.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • PELESTARIAN KAWASAN PECINAN KEMBANG JEPUN KOTA SURABAYA BERDASARKAN
           PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT

    • Authors: Kartika Eka Sari, Antariksa ., Eddi Basuki Kurniawan
      Abstract: This research’s objective are to identify physical, economic and culture characteristic of Kembang Jepun, analyze potention and issue related to Kembang Jepun’s preservation and develop Kembang Jepun’s preservation. Local communities’s perception is use to analyze cultural meaning of Kembang Jepun, especially building’s age, aesthetic, scarcity, originality, strengthen the cultural meaning and area’s image. Based on IPA (Importance Performance Analysis) method, most priority for cultural meanings (scale 3) in determining building’s preservation strategy in Kembang Jepun is to strengthen the cultural meaning (the original bulding’s function in maintained), Area’s image (building;s character is repeated dominantly, community’s landmark and the function is suitable with Kembang Jepun’s character). Cultural meaning that have scale 2 are aesthetic, scarcity and cultural meaning that have scale 1 are building’s age and originality. Scales of cultural meanings (1 to 3) is combine with buildings’s value and the result are: 11 ancient building for preservation’s strategy, 34 ancient buildings for conservation’s strategy, 27 ancient buildings for revitalitation’s strategy and 17 ancient buildings for rehabilitation’s strategy.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • MEMAHAMI RELASI KONSEP FUNGSI, BENTUK DAN MAKNA ARSITEKTUR RUMAH TINGGAL
           MASYARAKAT KOTA PESISIR UTARA DI KAWASAN JAWA TIMUR (Kasus Studi Rumah
           Tinggal di Kampung Karangturi dan Kampung Sumber Girang, Lasem)

    • Authors: Bachtiar Fauzy, Antariksa ., Purnama Salura
      Abstract: Housing architecture in the Kampong Chinatown Karangturi - Lasem located in the North Coast of Java was the architecture of the Chinese community that had the character of the Chinese architectural style, this phenomenon is reinforced by the data entry of Chinese culture that took place since the 13th century. This study revealed how to understand the concept relation of function, form and meaning of urban housing architecture in the North Coast region of East Java. Case study looked at the extent of housing architecture in the Kampong Sumber Girang, Lasem as clients affected by the housing architecture in Kampung Karangturi as a patron. This study took the method of structuralism and typomorphology approach to unravel the phenomenon of urban coastal architecture concept of relation. The results of this study showed that to understand the concept relations of function, form and meaning of coastal architecture could be determined through the study of Javanese human behavior concept of relation, which at the end revealed the surface structure and deep structures of coastal architecture.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • ACHIEVING PAKIS’S THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AS ARCHITECTURAL BUILDING
           THERMAL RESISTANT BY GUARDED STEADY-STATE HOTBOX METHOD:PART 1

    • Authors: Danny Santoso Mintorogo, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad
      Abstract: Thermal conductivity of various materials which are mostly listed available as building or industrial materials in reference books and websites; but one will hardly find out for every new material, and has to be observed and try out itself if we want to know the new thermal conductivity value (k). Nonetheless with new substanct likes pakis-stem blocks that come from natural tree that could be found in the tropical woodland of Indonesia. Steady-state homogeneous temperature applied with hotbox method in an uninfluent environment likes guarded laboratory environment is the right method to obtain the thermal conductivity and resistance of porousness and semi-solidness of the pakis-stem blocks. After investigating almost 24 hours with controller TRSYS01 applying with ASTM C1155, physical semi-solid pakis blocks tend to be more easy to obtain the R-value, k-value, and surface temperatures than the porous pakis. The porous pakis blocks were tend to unstable during the test due to its physical permeable condition. The resistant values (R-value) and thermal conductivity (k) values will be further published on the following discussion of pakis thermal conductivity part 2.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THERMAL ADAPTATION, CAMPUS GREENING AND OUTDOOR USE IN LAUTECH CAMPUS,
           OGBOMOSO, NIGERIA

    • Authors: Joseph Adeniran ADEDEJI, Yekeen Olayiwola BELLO, Joseph Akinlabi FADAMIRO
      Abstract: The interwoven relationship between the use of indoors and outdoors in the tropics as means of thermal adaptation has long been recognized. In the case of outdoors, this is achieved by green intervention of shading trees as adaptive mechanisms through behavioural thermoregulation. Unfortunately, the indoor academic spaces of LAUTECH campus was not provided with necessary outdoor academic learning environment in the general site planning of the campus for use at peak indoor thermal dissatisfaction period considering the tropical climatic setting of the university. The students’ departmental and faculty associations tried to provide parks for themselves as alternatives which on casual observation are of substandard quality and poorly maintained because of lack of institutional coordination and low funding. This study examined the quality and use of these parks for thermal comfort through behavioral adjustment from subjective field evidence with the goal of improvement. To achieve this, twelve parks were selected within the campus. Questionnaires containing use and quality variables were administered randomly upon 160 users of these parks. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Results show that the quality of the parks, weather condition, period of the day, and personal psychological reasons of users has great influence on the use of the parks. The study concludes with policy recommendations on improvement of the quality of the parks and the campus outdoors and greenery in general.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • INDOOR THERMAL CONDITION OF FACTORY BUILDING IN BANGLADESH

    • Authors: Muhammed Abdullah Al Sayem Khan, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad, Tareef Hayat Khan
      Abstract: Bangladesh is a developing country and has a lot of factories for different products for local use and also export to abroad. Garments industries are one of the top most items of exported items. A huge number of populations are working in garments industries. But these factories are not well designed in sense of the thermal environment. Workers experiences sickness related to indoor environment. The productions of these factories are affected due to employees’ health condition. The research is done in two different methods. One is empirical data collection using thermal data loggers and the other is questionnaire survey on the spots for three factory buildings. The field study was conducted in four different months of the same year during winter and summer period. Expected findings of this research are that the indoor environment is not comfortable for works at day time during summer season. This research will help the factory workers in providing a comfortable thermal environment and also help the employers or factory owners to increase their production margin.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • PENATAAN ELEMEN STRUKTURAL UNTUK MENYEDERHANAKAN PERILAKU DINAMIK, DALAM
           KETERPADUAN DENGAN DESAIN ARSITEKTUR

    • Authors: Bisatya W. Maer, Benjamin Lumantarna, Joyce M. Laurens
      Abstract: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan penataan elemen struktural yang dapat lebih efektif menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik struktur terhadap gempa bumi, dan tidak merusak keterpaduan antara rancangan arsitektural dengan rancang¬¬an struktural. Sebagai studi kasus digunakan prototipe yang merupakan bagian tower dari Gedung Intiland Tower Jakarta. Penelitian diawali dengan membuat dan menganalisis model eksisting dan tiga buah model perubahan tata letak elemen struktural untuk mendapatkan perbandingan defleksi lateral dari model-model tersebut. Perbandingan tersebut me¬nunjukkan tingkat efektifitas tata letak elemen struktural dalam menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik, sementara pengaruh¬nya terhadap tingkat keterpaduan dievaluasi dengan metode diskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua model eksperimen yang signifikan mengurangi defleksi lateral dan satu diantaranya tidak mengganggu keterpaduan rancangan arsitektural.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • PRIMARY STAGE OF PAKIS-STEM-BLOCK SYSTEM AS THERMAL PROTECTIVE TO FLAT
           BARE CONCRETE ROOFTOP IN TROPICAL CLIMATE OF SURABAYA

    • Authors: Danny Santoso Mintorogo, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad
      Abstract: In the era of global warming and increasing urban heat island condition, flat concrete deck on shop-houses may be less sustainable to handle the excessive solar heat radiation impacts on the roof surfaces. Innovative alternative roofing system is needed to manage heat radiation that will lead to sustainable factors likes energy savings, less energy body used on the roofing materials, and provide comprehensive environmental friendly roof system. This paper discusses about particular environmental friendly materials such as “Pakis-Stem Blocks” system is a good thermal resistant to absorb the solar sun heat and provide natural cooling through convective-wind without adding substantial loads to the roof structures. “Pakis-stem blocks” are easier, cheaper and more valuable than other sub-structure roofing materials as thermal resistant layer on flat bare concrete deck besides green roofing systems.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • CRADLE TO CRADLE IN URBAN PLANNING

    • Authors: Camelia Kusumo
      Abstract: Cradle to Cradle is a well-known sustainability concept introduced by Braungart and McDonough. It is a concept about how a product can be designed from the outset so that, after their useful lives, they will provide nourishment for something new, thus “waste equals food” (Braungart and McDonough, 2002). This eco-effective principle has been applied widely in products development; however, it is less known in the urban planning discipline where sustainable development is the main ‘key word’ in transforming the urban area. The question that this paper expands on is whether it is possible to apply the Cradle to Cradle concept into urban planning practice. This article explains the difference between the eco-efficient concept and the eco-effective concept and elaborate from there on a possibility to apply the Cradle to Cradle principle to urban planning practice. It is shown that the Cradle to Cradle principle offers an instrument for bringing complex sustainable concepts within reach of planning thinking and discussion, and for generating alternatives which may not otherwise be given serious consideration.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THE “DUO”, BUILDING SETBACK AND LANDSCAPE QUALITY: LAUTECH
           (NIGERIA) NEIGHBOURHOOD EXAMINED

    • Authors: ADEDEJI Joseph Adeniran, FADAMIRO Joseph Akinlabi
      Abstract: The subjects, building setbacks and landscape quality, can be considered as “duo” in view of their interwoven relationships as major determinants of open space quality in residential neighbourhoods. In view of the numerous benefits and functions of residential open spaces, these were examined in LAUTECH neighbourhood. The purpose was to assess the compliance level of these land use and outdoor quality variables with the Nigerian planning regulations to guide future developments in these sprawling neighbourhoods. A total sample size of 150 buildings was selected from the study population using stratified method. Direct measurement and observation of these variables was carried out. Result of a descriptive statistical analysis of the data obtained shows that there is a general poor conformity of setbacks, width of access roads and nature of fence to planning standards. These negatively affect building massing and the non-standard open spaces left were poorly landscaped. There were correlations between building setbacks and landscape quality. The result informed recommendations on these subjects for neighbourhoods that abut institutional campuses in general.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION AND INFORMAL SECTOR IN SHAPING THE CITY: CASE STUDY
           AHMEDABAD-INDIA

    • Authors: Rully Damayanti
      Abstract: Industrial activity is a prime determinant in shaping city size and growth opportunities especially in developing country, like India. Since industrialization started in Ahmedabad in 1950s, the city becomes larger and larger in terms of population and size. The growth of Ahmedabad city is highly affected by three urban generators on eastern part of the city. The research’ aim is to identify and analyze the urban shape caused by the industrial activities and business activity that occupy public areas and streets. Since industrial activities became urban generators to change the use of land, from agriculture into developed land, it has affected the physical morphology of the urban areas. The research found that the existence of informal sector on these areas give an idea that industrial activity not only causes the change of land occupation, but also encourages the growth of informal commercial activity.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THE MORPHOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK OF THE CHINESE AND THE EUROPEAN DISTRICTS IN
           SURABAYA, 1787-2005

    • Authors: Timoticin Kwanda
      Abstract: Recently, the phenomena of economic boom during the 1990s have led to the physical restructuring within the old centre of Surabaya. The changes is inevitable, thus the real issue is how to find the elements of persistent, constraining development to some degree that could be applied to influence future development. The objective of the research is to understand the impact of intervention, and to find the typo-morphological framework in the European and the Chinese quarters, from 1787 to 2005 for future development. A synchronic and a diachronic method is applied to understand the old town centre historical development, and the relationship between building type and urban fabric. The result shows three different degrees of persistent. The town plan of the Chinese and the European districts show a notable persistence. However the land utilization is less persistent especially in the European district such as the first and the second city wall were replaced by roads, and the first and the second fort were replaced by open space and residential uses. Finally, the buildings fabric shows a drastic change such as most of the nineteenth century Indische buildings have been replaced by the 1920s modern buildings.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF ROOFTOP GREENERY SYSTEM AT THE TROPICAL CLIMATE OF
           MALAYSIA A case study of a 10 storied building R.C.C flat rooftop at UTM,
           Johor Bahru, Malaysia

    • Authors: Rumana Rashid, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmed
      Abstract: In tropical countries rooftop greenery is more sympathetic to the prevailing climate and provides comfortable indoor environment. This paper analyses the above hypothesis on a 10 storied residential apartments in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). The analysis of actual performance of the rooftop greenery can provide the information on effectiveness of its application on contemporary houses for tropical climate in Malaysia. Empirical studies have been performed an internal and external roof surface, where temperature and air temperature were measured for a period of three days in two phases. The first phase of measurement was carried out when the rooftop was empty. After the rooftop greenery was built then the second phase of measurement was conducted. Expected findings of the research are that the green rooftop will tend to experience lower surface temperature than the original exposed roof surface. So this research work will provide an introduction or preliminary guide line for thermally responsive architecture on the basis of thermal performance of the rooftop greenery system. Temperature is the main criteria of human comfort. To provide an indoor comfortable environment through the greening of the rooftop of the building is more appropriate in the tropical climate of Malaysia.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SELF-SUPPORT STILT-HOUSES TOWARDS THE DISASTER
           POTENTIALITY AT THE CAMBAYA COASTAL AREA, MAKASSAR

    • Authors: Isfa Sastrawati
      Abstract: Self-support stilt-houses at the coastal area have environment characteristics that are different from inland houses, and they have the disaster potentiality such as hurricanes, tidal waves, abrasion, earthquakes, and even tsunami. The stilt houses are very adaptable to climatic conditions and coastal disasters. The shape of the stilt houses at the coastal area must comply with aspects of safety, security, comfort, and health. This paper examines the characteristics of the stilt houses at the coastal area of Cambaya, Makassar, especially in terms of safety and security aspects. The aspects of safety and security include the resistance of the building construction towards disasters. Along with the development of the urban area, the demanding needs and limited financial-abilities, the owners of the houses at the Cambaya coastal area develop their houses by utilizing the empty space at the coastal area and the space under floor of the stilt house. The change of the building shape gives an effect on the poor quality of the building, building safety, and security. However, there are several stilt houses at Cambaya which could reduce the impacts of disasters on the safety of the residents through their local wisdom.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE CHARACTER CONTEXT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF JAYENGRONO PARK

    • Authors: Aldrin Yusuf Firmansyah
      Abstract: The aim of the research is to examine the context of the Willemsplein development. Willemsplein was a public urban-square in Dutch c¬o¬lonial era (plein) at Jembatan Merah area. Willemsplein, which in the following time became Surabaya urban heritage, changes into a private me¬¬mo¬rial park which is known as Taman Jayeng¬rono (Jayengrono Park). The context of this park is the most important aspect in the urban-square de¬¬velopment be¬cause the attainment of the suitability and continuity of the visual-formal, memory, and meaning of the urban-square arrangement implicitely shows certain character. The research method is a qualitative des¬crip¬tive method which is implied to analyze the comparation of the arrangement of Jayengrono Park in the past and at present in three phases. The first phase is the identification of the chronological formation of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the historical period suitability (diachronic reading) towards the phy¬sical arrangement (synchronic reading). The second phase is the identification of the proportion of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the measurement of the square-proportion ratio. The last phase is the iden¬tification of the place by using the analysis technique of simulation. The research shows that the Willems¬ple¬in arrangement combines the classical European open-square arrangement of the two development centers in Italy and France through the usage of the sequences of streets, rivers and bridges and the usage of the street axes as the mathematical result of the square proportion. The deletion of the intagible identitiy in Willemsplein shows that the character context cannot be attained; or it can be interpreted as the loss of the identity of the cu¬l¬tural reservation in the development of Jayengrono Park. Concurrently, it means that the development of Ja¬yeng¬rono Park is merely as an urban green open-square.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE APPLICATION OF NON-ROUTINE STRUCTURAL PATTERNS TO OPTIMISE A VERTICAL
           STRUCTURE

    • Authors: Eunike Kristi Julistiono
      Abstract: This paper presents the application of non-routine structural patterns as the pattern of the vertical buildings’ perimeter structure to increase the structural performance of the structure. Realising the limitations of the orthogonal pattern, and the current trends to use non-routine patterns, the optimality of three non-routine patterns found in nature and recent building designs are examined. Medium and high-rise buildings are taken as the case studies to observe distinct behaviour of the patterns under different loading condition. Best solutions from distinct patterns are produced by utilising CAD modelling and structural design and optimisation software. Multi-criteria decision making framework is then used to evaluate the performance of the solutions in terms of efficiency, economy, expressiveness and environmental sustainability. The result shows that among the three patterns examined, the triangular pattern can produce optimum structures.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • URBANIZATION, HOUSING AND INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES IN LAGOS, NIGERIA

    • Authors: FADAIRO Gabriel, TAIWO Abraham
      Abstract: There is a wide range of demand on Lagos as an urban centre and pragmatic approaches to complement the urbanization process and its attendant problems need urgent attention. The dynamism of Lagos as an urban centre cannot be stopped, but precautionary measures can be taken to nip the bud in the anticipated fallouts of this trend. The paper examines the urbanization, housing and the dearth of infrastructure in Lagos. Although the city of Lagos has over the years sprawled and has become a mega city, with the symptoms of urbanization being inadequately supplied. The paper further examines the provision of infrastructure in Lagos in the last decade. The government had commenced a total rebirth of the entire gamut of decay and social disintegration through the provisions of basic infrastructure. Projects executed by the state government with respect to urbanization, housing and infrastructure were examined. And recommendations on how to further meet future challenges in Lagos with regard to urbanization were proffered
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE SETTLEMENT OF STREN–KALI WONOKROMO–SURABAYA: The City
           Image Based on the Development of Marginal Society

    • Authors: Paulus Bawole
      Abstract: As human beings the poor people in informal settlements also have the right to live better like any other well-off people. Although the government regards them as illegal, they demonstrate great ingenuity in developing their residential neighborhoods. Public spaces are the living room for the people living in the informal settlements - the place where people come to enjoy their settlement. The strategy of sustainable development for informal settlements can be carried out well if the inhabitants are involved at the whole development process. In 2006 the population of Surabaya city was 2,716,971 people. An experience about urban upgrading in informal settlement along Wonokromo riverbank, Surabaya shows how the program implemented can improve the living quality of the inhabitants. With the program of Community Total Participation, the physical problems of the settlements can be reduced gradually. This paper will discuss the action research which tries to involve the inhabitants through total participatory strategy. The qualitative and quantitative data will be analyzed in order to find conclusions and to recommend alternative solutions.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
 
 
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