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Journal Cover DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0126-219X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7858
   Published by Petra Christian University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • HOSPITAL’S WALL COLOUR IMPACT ON STROKE PATIENTS’ WARD USERS
           IN SURABAYA

    • Authors: Tanuwidjaja GUNAWAN, Luciana KRISTANTO, Feny ELSIANA, Juniar YUSANI, Maria Marsha HARYOGO, Sastra BUDIHARDJA
      Abstract: The Cardiovascular diseases have become the top killer since 1970 worldwide. In 2005, it was recorded the present of 5.7 million stroke survivors. On the other hand, healing stroke and its related complications required much more considerable time. So the patients’ wards quality especially related to wall colour become very important for the patients' recovery. The study was conducted with exploratory methods combining visual methods of research and Luscher colour test. Series of interviews were conducted to gather the users’ perception. So, it was found on that blue wall colour calmed the medical personals, patients, and their family. The most soothing Blue colour variant according to respondents was the Artic Blue (hue 9.8 B, value 7.4 and chroma 5.6).
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • GENDERED SPACE IN WEST SUMBA TRADITIONAL HOUSES

    • Authors: Esti Asih NURDIAH, Altrerosje ASRI, Agus Dwi HARIYANTO
      Abstract: Rendell stated that gender representation underlined the production of space in architecture both symbolically and functionally in certain cultures (Rendell et al. 2000). Thus, an exploration on the spatial functionality of traditional houses could show how cultural gender rules and roles generate the spatial arrangements. This empirical research explored the traditional houses in two kampongs: Tarung and Ratenggaro of West Sumba, Indonesia, which spaces are divided into two distinct spaces: male’s space and female’s space, each with its own entrance. This firm division leads to the questions on its relation with the traditional gender roles are represented inside the house. Interestingly, the spatial arrangement is not intended to create separation between men and women inside the house or to pose that the status and roles of men are higher than those of women. The research found that the space separation actually is a manifestation of the dynamic roles of male and female members of the house and the circular arrangement of the space around the fireplace at the centre of the house follows the dynamic of gender duality in Sumba culture.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • REDUCING SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF NORTH-SOUTH BUSINESS CORRIDORS IN
           YOGYAKARTA

    • Authors: Prasasto SATWIKO, Winnie MICHELLE
      Abstract: The heat island has made the warm-humid climate city of Yogyakarta thermally more uncomfortable, which induces its people to depend more on energy consuming air conditioners. Business corridors are constructed from building walls and roofs, pedestrian paths, the streets and the vegetation, which convert solar radiation into heat. Infrared mappings of the four north-south axis business corridors of Yogyakarta found that streets and vehicles have their temperatures higher than the air temperature. Exception is at Gejayan St., where the street’s temperature is close to the air temperature. This street has rows of trees on its median, which effectively shades the street. Further study on Gejayan St. using a computer simulation method confirms that columnar and spreading form trees can reduce incident solar radiation on the street surface by, respectively, 13.35% and 22.02%. Putting creeping plants on pergolas reduce incident solar radiation on the west and the east walls by, respectively, 37.05% and 37.45%.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • DISASTER MITIGATION APPROACH OF URBAN GREEN STRUCTURE CONCEPT IN COASTAL
           SETTLEMENT

    • Authors: Fuady MIRZA
      Abstract: Coastal settlement of Banda Aceh in the north of Sumatera Island has high potential risk of tsunami disaster. In the year 2004, half of Banda Aceh city has been destroyed by tsunami disaster, especially its coastal settlement area. Based on this experience, the approach of disaster mitigation concept for coastal settlement with vision of environment represent wise choice on planning sustainable Banda Aceh for future generation. This qualitative research try to explore the role of green open space as green structure of the city by considering aspect of tsunami disaster mitigation for coastal settlement of Banda Aceh. This research will evaluate the existence of green open space and post disaster reconstruction of coastal settlement area. Result of this research is green structure concept in coastal settlement of Banda Aceh based on tsunami disaster mitigation and expected to contribute ideas for disaster mitigation in other coastal settlement areas.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • DAYLIGHTING PERFORMANCE OF HORIZONTAL LIGHT PIPE BRANCHING ON OPEN PLAN
           OFFICE SPACE

    • Authors: Feny ELSIANA, Sri Nastiti EKASIWI, I Gusti Ngurah ANTARYAMA
      Abstract: For daylighting purpose, office buildings should have a shallow plan and increase the ratio of surface to building’s volume. However, intensive use of air-conditioning drives office building’s plan to be deep with a minimum surface to volume ratio. This leads to the presence of areas that have insufficient daylight level at the work plane. Considering limitations of some daylighting methods in distributing daylight to these areas, Horizontal Light Pipe (HLP) was selected. The aim of this research was to evaluate and explain the effect of HLP branching on daylight quantity and distribution inside open plan office space. Experimental with simulation as a tool was used as the research method. HLP branching’s uniformity ratio, illuminance and Daylight Factor were compared with unbranching HLP, simultaneously with daylighting standards. Results showed that office space with HLP-L branching had higher daylight level than HLP-T branching, 296 lux and 295 lux, HLP-L and HLP-T, respectively. However, HLP-T branching distributed daylight more evenly than HLP-L branching, with uniformity ratio as 1.49:1 and 1.50:1, HLP-T and HLP-L, respectively. Both of them met the illuminance target value and uniformity at work plane. Light’s deflection and improvement amount of opening distribution decreased average illuminance and Daylight Factor up to 3.59%. Those also decreased uniformity of daylight inside the space.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • TEMPERATURE MAPPING OF PETRA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY MAIN CAMPUS SURABAYA

    • Authors: JUNIWATI Anik, KRISTANTO Luciana, WIDIGDO Wanda K.
      Abstract: Petra Christian University (PCU) is a university in Siwalankerto, a suburban area of Surabaya city, East Java-Indonesia. It is well developed at Siwalankerto that has been crowded with surrounding buildings. This research objective is to find the temperature mapping of PCU. The method is used by calculating all the land coverings including the built areas, the pavements, the green areas, mapped by the Screening Tool for Estate Environment Evaluation software-STEVE tool. The field measurement was also conducted. The results then be analyzed, which lands cover that gives more impact to the ambient air temperature. The climate components reviewed are the minimum, the average and the maximum ambient air temperature in degree Celcius. This research found that the lowest ambient air temperature mapped both by field measurement and STEVE-tool is the Zone 5; while the highest ambient air temperature of the STEVE-tool is the Zone 4; but from the field measurement found that the hottest is the Zone 3. This different results give an input for later STEVE-tool improvement.
      PubDate: 2015-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2015)
       
  • PREDICTING THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF ROOFING SYSTEMS IN SURABAYA

    • Authors: MINTOROGO Danny Santoso
      Abstract: Traditional roofing systems in the developing country likes Indonesia are still be dominated by the 30o, 45o, and more pitched angle roofs; the roofing cover materials are widely used to traditional clay roof tiles, then modern concrete roof tiles, and ceramic roof tiles. In the 90’s decay, shop houses are prosperous built with flat concrete roofs dominant. Green roofs and roof ponds are almost rarely built to meet the sustainable environmental issues. Some tested various roof systems in Surabaya were carried out to observe the roof thermal performances. Mathematical equation model from three references are also performed in order to compare with the real project tested. Calculated with equation (Kabre et al.), the 30o pitched concrete-roof-tile, 30o clay-roof-tile, 45o pitched concrete-roof-tile are the worst thermal heat flux coming to room respectively. In contrast, the bare soil concrete roof and roof pond system are the least heat flux streamed onto room. Based on predicted calculation without insulation and cross-ventilation attic space, the roof pond and bare soil concrete roof (greenery roof) are the appropriate roof systems for the Surabaya’s climate; meanwhile the most un-recommended roof is pitched 30o or 45o angle with concrete-roof tiles roofing systems.
      PubDate: 2015-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2015)
       
  • THE APPLICATION OF EVIDENCE BASED DESIGN IN EMERGENCY ROOM OF PUBLIC
           HOSPITAL OF DR. R. SOSODORO DJATIKOESOEMO BOJONEGORO

    • Authors: Noerkayatin; , . Dewi, . Utarini
      Abstract: The Hospital facilities built under Evidence Based Design (EBD) will create a safe and comfortable environment, lower the nosocomial infection, quicken the patient recovery, lower the treatment cost, and improve staffs’ performance. The emergency room of public hospital of Dr.R.Sosodoro Djatikoesoemo Bojonegoro needs to be redesigned because the existing design does not meet physical safety. The reparation should refer to Facilities and Safety Management (FMS), Indonesian regulation, EBD concept and benchmarking to RSCM Jakarta considered as an application sample. This research applies case study with descriptive single case study design. The result of the research shows that reparation should be done that includes site and location, building components, and rooms lay out. The width of the rooms should meet minimal standard. The placing of triage room and resuscitation should be in the front area. Sinks should be located near the entrance of every room. The isolation and decontamination rooms should be provided.
      PubDate: 2015-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2015)
       
  • THE OCCURRENCE OF “EMPATHICED, MODERN” BUILDINGS INSIDE
           TRADITIONAL ENVIRONMENT IN BOTI VILLAGE, TIMOR ISLAND

    • Authors: SARASWATI Titien
      Abstract: Boti village occupied by Boti tribe, located in hilly, remote area in Timor Island, Eastern Indonesia. Boti village is known for its ancient, traditional environment, and most of the buildings there can be categorized as vernacular buildings. Interestingly, there are also “modern” buildings erected there. The objective of this paper is to show, that by empathically understanding the way of life of different people by the head of Boti tribe, it is possible to construct “modern” buildings in Boti village.
      PubDate: 2015-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2015)
       
  • SANTEN-fuse AS ANEARTHQUAKE DAMPER FOR PENDOPO JOGLO

    • Authors: MAER Bisatya W., PUDJISURYADI Pamuda
      Abstract: The 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake resulted in collapse of several traditional buildings in Yogyakarta, including joglos. This fact indicates that joglos are quite vulnerable to low-frequency ground shaking. The stability and rigidity of a joglo building are provided by the core of the building, i.e. the rong-rongan structure, in which connection of sakaguru (the column)-sunduk (the long span beam)-kili (the short span beam) has a rigid characteristic. This rigid rong-rongan structure behaves elastically during an earthquake event, and attracts large inertia force. This research aims to increase the structure performance of the rong-rongan by adding “SANTEN-fuse,” an earthquake vibration damper, and by changing the joint connection of sakaguru-sunduk-kili to be that of a pin connection, but not changing the physical appearance of rong-rongan. Santen, whose function is to transfer the load of the roof from blandar to sunduk and from pangeret to kili, is modified so that it has frictional damper characteristic. This “SANTEN-fuse” can resist shear force up to certain level before it slides and acting as a damper. With the reduced stiffness, which leads to reduced inertia force, the overall structural responses are expected to be lower. An experimental quantitative method was used by doing a simulation using SAP2000 software to verify the idea. The pendopo dalem Yudonegaran a joglo house in Yogyakarta was chosen as a case study. Non-linear time history analysis was conducted. Simulation results showed that the proposed modification of rong-rongan structure by using “SANTEN-fuse”, performed better than the original rong-rongan structure.
      PubDate: 2015-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2015)
       
  • WOMEN AND SAMBEN SPACE: TOURISM GLOBALIZATION AND TRADITION IN KASONGAN

    • Authors: KARMILAH Mila, NURYANTI Wiendu, SUWARNO Nindyo, SETIAWAN Bakti
      Abstract: The involvement of women in economic activities is a phenomenon that has lasted a long time. An overview of the extensive-role of women confirms that women's involvement context becomes very important to note. One of phenomenon is the “samben” space. The emergence of samben space is a form of adaptation of Kasongan women addressing the growing tourism globalization. In Javanese tradition, women are always become a wife and mother to guard their house. On the other hand, they are also willing to help the family economy by working at home. For this situation they call samben. So the phenomenon of women working from home with an exploration of the whole part of the house is a way for women to adapt to the present but at the same time maintaining cultural traditions to remain a mother and wife.
      PubDate: 2014-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • DESIGN AS GENERATOR (DAG): AN ARCHITECTURAL APPROACH FOR EMPOWERING
           COMMUNITY

    • Authors: KATOPPO Martin, OPPUSUNGGU Ruth, VALENCIA Phebe, TRIYADI Sugeng
      Abstract: Design as we imagine should act like a generator, to become light for others. This is the concept of Design as Generator (DAG). It main goal is for bring the essence of Architecture in which to enhance the quality of life not just for self but for others. For this purpose we create D-Apps (Dwelling Applications), D-PaD and A-PaD (Dwelling and Area Prototype Applicative Design) that will explained by our experimental dwelling project 200 Rumah Besi and our future project taki (taman kita) Community Sustainable Park. We also developed DAG particular empowering and participatory design methodology – inspired by PAR (Participatory Action Research) and DT (Design Thinking) through mixed methods research, the Sequential Embedded Experimental Model.
      PubDate: 2014-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • DEVELOPMENT OF BALUWERTI SETTLEMENT IN SURAKARTA, CENTRAL JAVA

    • Abstract: Empathy is inseparable from social and cultural. One district in Surakarta Cities, Central Java that still has a specific character is Baluwerti which is the area for family and courtiers of Kasunanan palace. The problem of the development in Baluwerti Settlement is as a result the shift of empathy from its inhabitants. To assess, used syncrhonic-diachronic reading methods. Assessment of physical aspects reviewed through of compliance with spatial concepts of Mataram (Java) state. Assessment of non-physical aspects include: the function of the building, socio-cultural, and ownership status. It is known that a shift in physical and non-physical aspects are the impact from reduced of the occupants empathy towards the Baluwerti existence.
      PubDate: 2014-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • IMPORTANCE-PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS TO ARJOSARI TERMINAL

    • Authors: SEDAYU Agung
      Abstract: Public transport is one of the important solutions to solve transportation problems in Indonesia. At this present, the level of congestion and traffic accidents were very high. This was caused by increasing in using cars and motorcycles. This condition is not matched by public transport services that are decreasing in quantity and performance quality of the vehicles. Therefore with the issues it needs improve public transport services that are reliable and cheap. This study suggests efforts to improve public transport services based terminal user perceptions. This study location is Arjosari terminal. The method is Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA). The analysis results obtained service attributes include assurance, responsiveness, performance, aesthetics, easy, reliability, durability, frequency, comfort, and the availability of facilities. The results get priority to be repaired include security protection and safety, Aesthetics waiting room, no long in waiting time, provide information and complaint center, and the available of Goods repository.
      PubDate: 2014-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • CULTURE–INCLUSIVE TOILET DESIGN FOR YPAB BLIND SCHOOL IN SURABAYA

    • Authors: TANUWIDJAJA Gunawan
      Abstract: Toileting culture affects the toileting design. Adaptive - inclusive toilet design strategy was needed to respond the local unique toileting culture of Surabaya people. Based on toileting culture and five Inclusive design principles directed by Tanuwidjaja, the inclusive toilet was produced. The project involved four steps such as: literature review, interview and photo documents, participative design workshops and design development. Therefore, a final design was produced and found acceptable for Surabaya people.
      PubDate: 2014-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • NATURAL AIRFLOW PERFORMANCES OF DOUBLE-SKIN FACADE TYPES

    • Authors: IYATI Wasiska, WONORAHARDJO Surjamanto, INDRAPRASTHA Aswin
      Abstract: DSF (Double-Skin Facade) aplications required on highrise building envelope to increase its thermal performance. The performance DSF with natural airflow, especially external air curtain mode, is affected by airflow around the building, and the design characteristics of the DSF. This paper investigated the performance of some DSF models, namely the multi-storey and box-window type, as well as those modification in utilizing natural airflow, especially with 90° wind direction toward the facade, using CFD techniques. The results showed that the multi-storey type has the best performance with higher average wind speed and equitable airflow distribution in all the facade zones.
      PubDate: 2014-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • BLIND PEOPLE BEHAVIORS TO THE ARCHITECTURE OF SEKOLAH LUAR BIASA (SLB) MTS
           YAKETUNIS

    • Authors: KURNIAWAN Harry, MAHARANI Rizka Tiara, Hs Atika Rahmawati
      Abstract: People who are considered as users or even the inhabitants are the central issue in architecture; therefore it is essential to understand them before making the design. One of the users who have special character are blind people. This paper discusses the interaction between architecture and blind people by observing the blind students’ mobility at Sekolah Luar Biasa (SLB)/extraordinary school MTs Yaketunis Yogyakarta. This research also conducted interviews to confirm the observation result. The purpose of the research is to identify the characteristics of blind people during their interaction with architecture and elements of architecture. The observation and interview done during the research has been recorded several interesting facts, such as how they walked through the corridor, the arrangement method of information about rooms, and the way to find each room. This information is expected to be useful information for creating better and more suitable environment for them.
      PubDate: 2014-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • THE CONCEPT OF MODERN DUTCH COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF
           JAVANESE ARCHITECTURE

    • Authors: ARDIYANTO Antonius, DJUNAEDI Achmad, IKAPUTRA Suryabrata, DJADMIKA Adi
      Abstract: Modern architecture colonial present in the early 20th century, when several Dutch graduate architects had begun profession in the Dutch East Indies. The architects of had understood that the development of modern architecture in the East Indies must include the local environment and climate aspects of traditional architecture that has existed in the Dutch East Indies. In this case, two famous architects, the Thomas Karsten and Henri Maclaine Pont, became a pioneers in this movement. The concept of the modern architecture development base on the Java architecture has been carried out by Thomas Karsten with several his works such as office buildings, hospitals, markets, and schools. The potential of traditional Javanese architecture in terms of shape, material and solving the problems of the tropical climate conditions, aims to achieve comfort in the building the use of potencies has been used as a concept for the development of modern Dutch colonial architecture.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • FENG SHUI IN MODERN HOUSE DESIGN SEARCHING FOR THE RATIONALE AND POSSIBLE
           IMPACTS ASSESSMENT

    • Authors: OCTAVIA Linda, GUNAWAN Tanuwidjaja
      Abstract: The Feng Shui, the "wind-water", is a Chinese system of geomancy using the laws of both Heaven and Earth for harmony and balance of life with the positive qi. Feng Shui is widely used to orient temples, palaces, shops, houses, and other structures, with the reference to local features such as bodies of water, stars, or a compass. The Feng Shui also informs the physical arrangements for manipulation and channeling the qi (positive or negative energy). Although Feng Shui is related to traditional believe and propitious manner, but some of its principles are rational. The current research is conducted to investigate any positive impacts of the Feng Shui application in modern house design. A house in Jakarta designed with Feng Shui was analyzed. The strategies were later examined based on the sustainable architectural design principles, especially its impact on the house functionality.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • THE MATRILINEAL ARCHITECTURAL VALUES ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE
           MINANGKABAU HOUSE

    • Authors: HARDONO Setiawan, BAHAUDDIN Azizi, ABDULLAH Aldrin, MALIKI Nor Zarifah
      Abstract: This article studies the relationship between the custom of inheritance system based on the mother’s side bloodline or better known as the matrilineal system and the construction of the Western Sumatera Minangkabau house. The architectural components and the construction of the house is often related to the matrilineal custom concept which lies n the philosophy of beliefs, perspective and strong ritual. The objectives of this research are to identify and analyze matrilineal values and its relationships with the process of the construction and architectural features of the Minangkabau house. The process of the constructing the Minangkabau house involves completing, gathering building materials to the part of building the house. This research used repeated research methodology, past researches analysis and ethnographic methods. Data collection is done through observational processes, interviews and photo taking at various research locations. These research methodologies had verify the compatibility of matrilineal elements to the architectural features of the construction of the Minangkabau house.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • THE PATEMBAYAN CONCEPT TO SPATIAL CHANGES OF CANDIREJO TOURISM VILLAGE

    • Authors: SARI Suzanna Ratih, SOEWARNO Nindyo, NURYANTI Windu, PRAMITASARI Diananta
      Abstract: Candirejo village is one of villages that had been neglected in Borobudur the famous Buddhist Temple in Indonesia. Since it began to be visited by tourists, the community responded by conducting tourism village space consolidation based on patembayan concept. The process of space consolidation is involving the whole tourist village community and rural assets. The participation of the community in supporting the space consolidation of tourism village has brought a change in the shape of social value and village spatial. The concept of social organization that experienced a shift from community groups into patembayan groups has changed the way people think.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • GNOSTIC VIEW IN CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (IN CASE OF ARDALAN)

    • Authors: AGHAEI RAD Hamid
      Abstract: This paper argues that essentially Nader Ardalan has tried to enrich contemporary architecture of his time with his understanding of traditional Islamic architecture. Consequently, this paper pays attention to Nader Ardalan’s works and thought. This article generally points to the relationship between idea and practice to preserve traditional Islamic architecture and in particular, it demonstrates the influence of the ideas of Ardalan’s book, The Sense of Unity: The Sufi tradition in Traditional Persian Architecture (1974), on his projects. This article particularly concludes that despite the rise of technology of construction and modification of context and eco-social forces which are apparent over the three decades of design, the principles of traditional Islamic architecture can be identified conceptually within Ardalan’s projects to differing degrees.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • TRANSITIONAL SHELTER FOR DISASTER VICTIMS: BAMBOO CORE AND INCREMENTAL
           HOUSES

    • Authors: JULISTIONO Eunike Kristi, MAER Bisatya Widadya, ARIFIN Lilianny Sigit
      Abstract: Indonesia has experienced many catastrophic disasters since 2004. Tsunami, earthqukes, floods and volcanic eruptions have caused devastated destruction towards houses, land, belongings, and wellfare. In post-disaster recovery process, it is essential to provide a transitional shelter especially for low-income community while preparing the reconstruction of their permanent housing. This paper presents bamboo incremental house as disaster victims’ transitional shelter in Jember. An empathic approach was taken in developing the house design, taking into consideration the disaster victims’ need, perception, and their economic condition, as well as the local materials, technology and the financial support available.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • THE PEOPLE’S PERCEPTIONS ON AESTHETIC AND USES OF THE ACTIVE URBAN
           PARKS IN SURABAYA

    • Authors: KWANDA Timoticin, KARTONO Lukito, WONOSEPUTRO Christine
      Abstract: Urban open space namely urban parks in Surabaya are a recent phenomenon that advocated by the recent mayor to provide outdoor recreation for physical welfare of the people. So far, however, no information was found regarding perception of the people on condition of the urban parks, which is a first step to improve the urban parks. The objective of this paper is to examine the perception of the people toward the urban parks in Surabaya, in specific to what extend the provision of the parks meet the needs of the visitors. Five urban parks were surveyed, and data were collected through observation, documentation, and distribution of questionnaires that conducted in April 2014. As a result, based upon the surveys, most of the visitors (78%) perceived the 5 parks are good places to be visited that perceived as clean (74%), save (76%), gorgeous (78%), and adequate availability of amenities (66%). In this sense, this good perception of the parks is a result of emphatic actions in designing the parks that emphasis on the needs of visitors. Nevertheless, in the future, many of the visitors (54%) hope that the amenities in the parks have to be improved.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2014)
       
  • RECONSTRUCTING DECONSTRUCTION IN ARCHITECTURE

    • Authors: IDHAM Noor Cholis
      Abstract: This paper examines deconstruction in architecture and forms used, which triggered by dispute of form and its scientification claimed by deconstructivists. Deconstruction terminologyis studied in the first part related to architecture field as a base knowledge. Some sample works of known deconstructionist architects are assessed in order to understand how their building is deconstructed and what forms they used. Discussion about form and its relation to other fields is then pursued by discussing the involvement of terminology of science, aesthetic pattern, and human life. The results of this discussion give clear understanding how form related to deconstruction in architecture are used.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • FUNGSI PEDESTRIAN JALAN TUNJUNGAN DARI SIRKULASI KE REKREASI: STUDI KASUS
           BERDASARKAN KESEJARAHAN

    • Authors: OSWAN Devina Benlin, ARIFIN Liliany Sigit
      Abstract: Tunjungan street as one of Surabaya’s downtown street has a historical value where this street used to be lively, but suffers degradation as time passes. Pedestrian, among other many elements, holds the most important role and claims extra attention. This evaluation will cover an observation of Tunjungan strret in 20th and 21st century concerning pedestrian-impacting elements such as automobiles, canopies in the pedestrian, the activities, overpass, supporting facilities, and crime. Conclusion shows that the root problem is the increase of automobiles and the insufficient spaces (narrow) for pedestrian.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • AN OVERVIEW OF COLLAPSE OF BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA: A MEDICO-SPATIAL ANALYSIS

    • Authors: FADAMIRO Joseph Akinlabi, ADEDEJI Joseph Adeniran
      Abstract: The tripartite quality of buildings that qualify as architectural products has been traditionally held to be serviceability, stability and aesthetics. Unfortunately, the Nigerian built environment has lost the stability component of this trio with attendant socio-economic, political and cultural negative outcomes. This is obvious from the reported cases of building collapses in the country. While the literature is replete with numerous studies on the subject matter, the interaction of this spatial problem with medical practice has been grossly neglected. This review paper presents a medico-spatial dimension of building collapse towards understanding its implications on the medical practice, people and places. Through the aid of literature resources, results show multiple interactions among these key variables. The paper enumerates and argues in favour of holistic solutions and asserts that medical professionals should be co-opted as major stakeholders in the formulation, review and enforcement of the National Building Code in Nigeria and elsewhere.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • QUELLINUS SCHOOL AND ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN

    • Authors: SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto
      Abstract: This article describes the Quellinus School in Amsterdam where the Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935), an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya, studied architecture. It starts from the origin of the school in 1876 until around 1904. From the analysis, it can be identified the teachers who trained him and what subjects he learned during his study.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • COLONIAL AND TRADITIONAL URBAN SPACE IN JAVA: A MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF TEN
           CITIES

    • Authors: SUNARYO Rony Gunawan, SOEWARNO Nindyo, Ikaputra Ikaputra, SETIAWAN Bakti
      Abstract: Most of morphological studies of cities in Java tended to place the elements of traditional urban space – such as Alun-alun, Mosque, Palace and Market – as the main elements of city. Other elements such as the colonial urban space –  Resident Office, Fort, Church, Park and so on – are often considered separately or placed as a complementary part. Through a morphological study  by exploring ten cities in Java, I found both elements of traditional and colonial urban space were set in a unique and various pattern. There are some findings indicating that the elements of colonial urban space significantly influence the city structure as well as those of the traditional ones. Therefore, understanding the urban space form in Java should include and put elements of both of traditional and colonial urban space as an integral part.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • STUDI ADAPTASI RUMAH VERNAKULAR KUTAI TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN RAWAN BANJIR DI
           TENGGARONG

    • Authors: HIDAYATI Zakiah, HS Cisyulia Octavia
      Abstract: Kutai vernacular houses represent Kutai tradition in East Kalimantan. Kutai Vernacular Houses are spread over Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara (Kukar). It is closely related to the culture of majority in Kukar. The locus of the research is Tenggarong, a sub-district of Kukar. Kukar now faces flood due to rainy season. Both climate change and environmental impact raise the water level, but Kutai vernacular houses are still exist. How the Kutai vernacular houses addapt in flood zone is the aim of the research. The research method is analyzing the changes of structure and construction of Kutai Vernacular Houses, from the beginning of the house built to the latest condition. The conclusion: there are some long lasting adaptation while others are newer adjustments in order to keep Kutai Vernacular Houses survived.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • CLIENT EXPECTATION FROM RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY DESIGN SERVICES AND
           ARCHITECTS’ PERCEPTION

    • Authors: OLUWATAYO Adedapo Adewunmi
      Abstract: Very few studies exist on the expectations of clients from architects. There are however, anecdotal evidences that architects may not fully grasp what is most important to their clients. As a pilot study, the aim of this paper was to investigate the expectations of clients from residential design services and architects’ perceptions of those expectations. A questionnaire was designed to suit the purpose of comparison of responses of the two groups.  The factor analysis conducted revealed that the expectations from design services could be described in terms of value, professionalism, and empathy. Using mean gap analysis, the study identified areas where architects have under-estimated the expectations of clients as well as those areas where the expectations have been over-estimated. The results would help architects to focus on areas, which are important to the clients and possibly reduce client dissatisfaction. This is study, which is one of the first on the subject, is limited in three ways. First, residential clients were the only ones considered. In addition, respondents were only taken from Nigeria and the sample size as well as the response rate was small.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • MENGELOLA PERUBAHAN: PERENCANAAN KONSERVASI GEDUNG DE JAVASCHE BANK
           SURABAYA

    • Authors: KWANDA Timoticin
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present changes or interventions that allow to be applied in conservation of De Javasche Bank Surabaya in order to sustain the conservation main principle, authenticity. In this case, the problem of this study is how far a heritage building can be changed as a result of the interventions. Manage change in conservation planning of the building is important to be discussed for the interventions that carried out has to meet the conservation principles. Purposive sampling method is applied, therefore De Javasche Bank Surabaya is selected as the case study because at that time it was the only building that undergoing conservation planning in Surabaya. Conservation planning for the building that built in 1910 is guidance of interventions or changes prepared based on historical study, building documentation, and analysis of the the building transformation, the building structure, and material authenticity. Then, the results of the study was put into the acceptable interventions such as preservation of all the original and some existing elements; rehabilitation, restoration, reconstruction of the broken, ruined, missing elements and the hidden original element, including structure reinforcement; demolition of additional elements that cover the original elements; for the new elements such as MEP, minimum intervention principle can be met by using the existing openings; and to support the discernible principle in conservation, addition of new architecture elements with new materials as representation of the present era.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN (1881-1935) Family Background, Arrival to- and
           Career in Surabaya

    • Authors: SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto
      Abstract: A Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935) was one of the most remarkable architects in the Netherlands Indies. He left his position in Amsterdam and then went to Surabaya to be an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya. During his career in the city, he designed many buildings and constructions so that any discussion about Dutch colonial architecture in the city cannot be separated from his works. This article explains from which family he came, how situation of Surabaya when he arrived, and what his activities other than as the Municipal architect.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • RETHINKING OF LYNCH’S: A STUDY OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S PERCEPTION OF
           SURABAYA CITY

    • Authors: DAMAYANTI Rully, KOSSAK Florian
      Abstract: Kevin Lynch’s concept of the image of the city has influenced many academics and practitioners around the world. However, misconceptions have arisen in applying Lynch’s concept through a superficial understanding of his five elements. The main purpose of this article is to extend meaning making behind the urban elements identification, on which Lynch had put less emphasizes. The research, on which this article is based, has been conducted in Surabaya- Indonesia with young people from a mid to high economic family background that a have high dependency on private cars. In imagining the city, they emphasize more on meaning rather than physical appearances of the elements. Meaning is driven by their daily route, social life style, and ethnic background. Lynch identified three dimensions in imagining cities, namely identity, structure and meaning, which are embedded in the urban elements. In this case study, meaning is regarded as being more important than the other two and as it represents social symbols of a specific group in the city of Surabaya.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • CREATIVITY METHODS IN TEACHING THE ARCH-DESIGN STUDIO

    • Authors: EIGBEONAN Andrew B.
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to search and find methods of fostering creativity or ideas relating to creativity in teaching the arch-design studio. Teaching creativity through its methods will be making the students grounded in designing with creativity ideas and therefore we can have professionals that design and build with satisfaction, safety and complementary. It means we can have real buildings and places that satisfy our clients, the society and in harmony with the environment. Although there are similarities in the curricula of training architects all over the world, but educators go about it in their own convenient and suitable ways and styles. The ideas of creativity have been part of architecture from the onset, but are not deligently applied and also not formally incorporated in the curricula of training. The topic is also very relevant and timely as arch-educators and other stakeholders are of the opinion that something has to be done to improve the ways and methods of training architects, especially the teaching of the arch-design studio with regards to creativity. Through exploration of literature and interviews (physical and telephone call) this paper finds methods of stimulating creativity ideas in the teaching of arch-design studio. Some of the methods of motivating creativity found in teaching the arch-design studio are: analogy, metaphors, biomimicry, brainstorming, attribute listing, mental map, TRIZ, restrictions, charrette, browsing, excursions, focus groups, other peoples viewpoints, using crazy ideas, using experts, visualizing a goal, working with dreams and images and giving students design tools such as drawings CAD and model making.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
  • THE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF A CONTEMPORARY HOUSE AND
           TRADITIONAL HOUSE IN THE DENSE DHAKA CITY IN BANGLADESH

    • Authors: RASHID Rumana, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmed
      Abstract: Bangladesh Traditional houses (B.T.H) which are located in warm humid tropical climate represent a unique phenomenon with device capable to meet the comfort demand through environmental well adapted design.  Recently the traditional house and the contemporary design house (C.D.H) for Bangladesh are examined by comparing the thermal performance within the same outdoor condition and the climatic region at the dense Dhaka city.  This comparison is based on field measurements of thermal performance of the traditional house and the contemporary design house within the same summer period. Quantitative method is used to measure the thermal performance. The field survey was conducted using two set of thermal data loggers were installed in both selected houses to record the air temperature and relative humidity of the outdoor and indoor spaces.  Data collection was carried out for the hot and wet month of summer period in June.  The research result concluded that the traditional houses of Bangladesh provided useful indicators of appropriate architectural design response to climate, particularly in the context of purely passive environmental control. However it is required to adapt a critical approach towards the modern contemporary architectural design strategy of deriving lesson from traditional houses to extend the period of indoor thermal environment inside the contemporary houses.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2013)
       
 
 
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