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Journal Cover DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 0126-219X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7858
     Published by Petra Christian University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • QUELLINUS SCHOOL AND ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN

    • Authors: SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto
      Abstract: This article describes the Quellinus School in Amsterdam where the Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935), an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya, studied architecture. It starts from the origin of the school in 1876 until around 1904. From the analysis, it can be identified the teachers who trained him and what subjects he learned during his study.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • RECONSTRUCTING DECONSTRUCTION IN ARCHITECTURE

    • Authors: CHOLISLDHAM Noor
      Abstract: This paper examines deconstruction in architecture and forms used, which triggered by dispute of form and its scientification claimed by deconstructivists. Deconstruction terminologyis studied in the first part related to architecture field as a base knowledge. Some sample works of known deconstructionist architects are assessed in order to understand how their building is deconstructed and what forms they used. Discussion about form and its relation to other fields is then pursued by discussing the involvement of terminology of science, aesthetic pattern, and human life. The results of this discussion give clear understanding how form related to deconstruction in architecture are used.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • COLONIAL AND TRADITIONAL URBAN SPACE IN JAVA: A MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF TEN
           CITIES

    • Authors: SUNARYO Rony Gunawan, SOEWARNO Nindyo, Ikaputra Ikaputra, SETIAWAN Bakti
      Abstract: Most of morphological studies of cities in Java tended to place the elements of traditional urban space – such as Alun-alun, Mosque, Palace and Market – as the main elements of city. Other elements such as the colonial urban space –  Resident Office, Fort, Church, Park and so on – are often considered separately or placed as a complementary part. Through a morphological study  by exploring ten cities in Java, I found both elements of traditional and colonial urban space were set in a unique and various pattern. There are some findings indicating that the elements of colonial urban space significantly influence the city structure as well as those of the traditional ones. Therefore, understanding the urban space form in Java should include and put elements of both of traditional and colonial urban space as an integral part.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • STUDI ADAPTASI RUMAH VERNAKULAR KUTAI TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN RAWAN BANJIR DI
           TENGGARONG

    • Authors: HIDAYATI Zakiah, HS Cisyulia Octavia
      Abstract: Kutai vernacular houses represent Kutai tradition in East Kalimantan. Kutai Vernacular Houses are spread over Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara (Kukar). It is closely related to the culture of majority in Kukar. The locus of the research is Tenggarong, a sub-district of Kukar. Kukar now faces flood due to rainy season. Both climate change and environmental impact raise the water level, but Kutai vernacular houses are still exist. How the Kutai vernacular houses addapt in flood zone is the aim of the research. The research method is analyzing the changes of structure and construction of Kutai Vernacular Houses, from the beginning of the house built to the latest condition. The conclusion: there are some long lasting adaptation while others are newer adjustments in order to keep Kutai Vernacular Houses survived.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • FUNGSI PEDESTRIAN JALAN TUNJUNGAN DARI SIRKULASI KE REKREASI: STUDI KASUS
           BERDASARKAN KESEJARAHAN

    • Authors: OSWAN Devina Benlin, ARIFIN Liliany Sigit
      Abstract: Tunjungan street as one of Surabaya’s downtown street has a historical value where this street used to be lively, but suffers degradation as time passes. Pedestrian, among other many elements, holds the most important role and claims extra attention. This evaluation will cover an observation of Tunjungan strret in 20th and 21st century concerning pedestrian-impacting elements such as automobiles, canopies in the pedestrian, the activities, overpass, supporting facilities, and crime. Conclusion shows that the root problem is the increase of automobiles and the insufficient spaces (narrow) for pedestrian.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • AN OVERVIEW OF COLLAPSE OF BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA: A MEDICO-SPATIAL ANALYSIS

    • Authors: FADAMIRO Joseph Akinlabi, ADEMIRAN Adedeji Joseph
      Abstract: The tripartite quality of buildings that qualify as architectural products has been traditionally held to be serviceability, stability and aesthetics. Unfortunately, the Nigerian built environment has lost the stability component of this trio with attendant socio-economic, political and cultural negative outcomes. This is obvious from the reported cases of building collapses in the country. While the literature is replete with numerous studies on the subject matter, the interaction of this spatial problem with medical practice has been grossly neglected. This review paper presents a medico-spatial dimension of building collapse towards understanding its implications on the medical practice, people and places. Through the aid of literature resources, results show multiple interactions among these key variables. The paper enumerates and argues in favour of holistic solutions and asserts that medical professionals should be co-opted as major stakeholders in the formulation, review and enforcement of the National Building Code in Nigeria and elsewhere.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • CREATIVITY METHODS IN TEACHING THE ARCH-DESIGN STUDIO

    • Authors: EIGBEONAN Andrew B.
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to search and find methods of fostering creativity or ideas relating to creativity in teaching the arch-design studio. Teaching creativity through its methods will be making the students grounded in designing with creativity ideas and therefore we can have professionals that design and build with satisfaction, safety and complementary. It means we can have real buildings and places that satisfy our clients, the society and in harmony with the environment. Although there are similarities in the curricula of training architects all over the world, but educators go about it in their own convenient and suitable ways and styles. The ideas of creativity have been part of architecture from the onset, but are not deligently applied and also not formally incorporated in the curricula of training. The topic is also very relevant and timely as arch-educators and other stakeholders are of the opinion that something has to be done to improve the ways and methods of training architects, especially the teaching of the arch-design studio with regards to creativity. Through exploration of literature and interviews (physical and telephone call) this paper finds methods of stimulating creativity ideas in the teaching of arch-design studio. Some of the methods of motivating creativity found in teaching the arch-design studio are: analogy, metaphors, biomimicry, brainstorming, attribute listing, mental map, TRIZ, restrictions, charrette, browsing, excursions, focus groups, other peoples viewpoints, using crazy ideas, using experts, visualizing a goal, working with dreams and images and giving students design tools such as drawings CAD and model making.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • THE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF A CONTEMPORARY HOUSE AND
           TRADITIONAL HOUSE IN THE DENSE DHAKA CITY IN BANGLADESH

    • Authors: RASHID Rumana, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmed
      Abstract: Bangladesh Traditional houses (B.T.H) which are located in warm humid tropical climate represent a unique phenomenon with device capable to meet the comfort demand through environmental well adapted design.  Recently the traditional house and the contemporary design house (C.D.H) for Bangladesh are examined by comparing the thermal performance within the same outdoor condition and the climatic region at the dense Dhaka city.  This comparison is based on field measurements of thermal performance of the traditional house and the contemporary design house within the same summer period. Quantitative method is used to measure the thermal performance. The field survey was conducted using two set of thermal data loggers were installed in both selected houses to record the air temperature and relative humidity of the outdoor and indoor spaces.  Data collection was carried out for the hot and wet month of summer period in June.  The research result concluded that the traditional houses of Bangladesh provided useful indicators of appropriate architectural design response to climate, particularly in the context of purely passive environmental control. However it is required to adapt a critical approach towards the modern contemporary architectural design strategy of deriving lesson from traditional houses to extend the period of indoor thermal environment inside the contemporary houses.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • ARCHITECT COSMAN CITROEN (1881-1935) Family Background, Arrival to- and
           Career in Surabaya

    • Authors: SANTOSO Joko Triwinarto
      Abstract: A Dutch architect Cosman Citroen (1881-1935) was one of the most remarkable architects in the Netherlands Indies. He left his position in Amsterdam and then went to Surabaya to be an advisory architect of the Municipality of Surabaya. During his career in the city, he designed many buildings and constructions so that any discussion about Dutch colonial architecture in the city cannot be separated from his works. This article explains from which family he came, how situation of Surabaya when he arrived, and what his activities other than as the Municipal architect.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • RETHINKING OF LYNCH’S: A STUDY OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S PERCEPTION OF
           SURABAYA CITY

    • Authors: DAMAYANTI Rully, KOSSAK Florian
      Abstract: Kevin Lynch’s concept of the image of the city has influenced many academics and practitioners around the world. However, misconceptions have arisen in applying Lynch’s concept through a superficial understanding of his five elements. The main purpose of this article is to extend meaning making behind the urban elements identification, on which Lynch had put less emphasizes. The research, on which this article is based, has been conducted in Surabaya- Indonesia with young people from a mid to high economic family background that a have high dependency on private cars. In imagining the city, they emphasize more on meaning rather than physical appearances of the elements. Meaning is driven by their daily route, social life style, and ethnic background. Lynch identified three dimensions in imagining cities, namely identity, structure and meaning, which are embedded in the urban elements. In this case study, meaning is regarded as being more important than the other two and as it represents social symbols of a specific group in the city of Surabaya.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • CLIENT EXPECTATION FROM RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY DESIGN SERVICES AND
           ARCHITECTS’ PERCEPTION

    • Authors: OLUWATAYO Adedapo Adewunmi
      Abstract: Very few studies exist on the expectations of clients from architects. There are however, anecdotal evidences that architects may not fully grasp what is most important to their clients. As a pilot study, the aim of this paper was to investigate the expectations of clients from residential design services and architects’ perceptions of those expectations. A questionnaire was designed to suit the purpose of comparison of responses of the two groups.  The factor analysis conducted revealed that the expectations from design services could be described in terms of value, professionalism, and empathy. Using mean gap analysis, the study identified areas where architects have under-estimated the expectations of clients as well as those areas where the expectations have been over-estimated. The results would help architects to focus on areas, which are important to the clients and possibly reduce client dissatisfaction. This is study, which is one of the first on the subject, is limited in three ways. First, residential clients were the only ones considered. In addition, respondents were only taken from Nigeria and the sample size as well as the response rate was small.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • MENGELOLA PERUBAHAN: PERENCANAAN KONSERVASI GEDUNG DE JAVASCHE BANK
           SURABAYA

    • Authors: KWANDA Timoticin
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present changes or interventions that allow to be applied in conservation of De Javasche Bank Surabaya in order to sustain the conservation main principle, authenticity. In this case, the problem of this study is how far a heritage building can be changed as a result of the interventions. Manage change in conservation planning of the building is important to be discussed for the interventions that carried out has to meet the conservation principles. Purposive sampling method is applied, therefore De Javasche Bank Surabaya is selected as the case study because at that time it was the only building that undergoing conservation planning in Surabaya. Conservation planning for the building that built in 1910 is guidance of interventions or changes prepared based on historical study, building documentation, and analysis of the the building transformation, the building structure, and material authenticity. Then, the results of the study was put into the acceptable interventions such as preservation of all the original and some existing elements; rehabilitation, restoration, reconstruction of the broken, ruined, missing elements and the hidden original element, including structure reinforcement; demolition of additional elements that cover the original elements; for the new elements such as MEP, minimum intervention principle can be met by using the existing openings; and to support the discernible principle in conservation, addition of new architecture elements with new materials as representation of the present era.
      PubDate: 2013-10-19
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2013)
       
  • STUDI REDUKSI BUNYI PADA MATERIAL INSULASI ATAP ZINCALUME

    • Authors: Luciana Kristanto, Handoko Sugiharto, Adrian Dwi Atmojo, Leonardus Budi Darmawan Loekito
      Abstract: Sound Reduction Study of Insulator of Zinc-alume Metal-roofing. Metal roofing is a common upper-structure of wide-span building. The metal material usually used as roof covering is zinc-alume; which has better performance in strength, easy-construction and its durability than other metal material. Although it has good structural performance, its performance as a sound reduction to reduce noise to the room beneath still need to be studied further. Therefore this research aimed to study how zinc-alume and its insulator perform through air-borne noise, besides structure-borne/impact noise. Insulator has been studied here are the Orca-zinc coating, glasswool, rockwool and styrofoam. The measurement done in a reverberation chamber, with pink noise source in 125 Hz- 4000 Hz frequency.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • PELESTARIAN KAWASAN PECINAN KEMBANG JEPUN KOTA SURABAYA BERDASARKAN
           PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT

    • Authors: Kartika Eka Sari, Antariksa ., Eddi Basuki Kurniawan
      Abstract: This research’s objective are to identify physical, economic and culture characteristic of Kembang Jepun, analyze potention and issue related to Kembang Jepun’s preservation and develop Kembang Jepun’s preservation. Local communities’s perception is use to analyze cultural meaning of Kembang Jepun, especially building’s age, aesthetic, scarcity, originality, strengthen the cultural meaning and area’s image. Based on IPA (Importance Performance Analysis) method, most priority for cultural meanings (scale 3) in determining building’s preservation strategy in Kembang Jepun is to strengthen the cultural meaning (the original bulding’s function in maintained), Area’s image (building;s character is repeated dominantly, community’s landmark and the function is suitable with Kembang Jepun’s character). Cultural meaning that have scale 2 are aesthetic, scarcity and cultural meaning that have scale 1 are building’s age and originality. Scales of cultural meanings (1 to 3) is combine with buildings’s value and the result are: 11 ancient building for preservation’s strategy, 34 ancient buildings for conservation’s strategy, 27 ancient buildings for revitalitation’s strategy and 17 ancient buildings for rehabilitation’s strategy.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • MEMAHAMI RELASI KONSEP FUNGSI, BENTUK DAN MAKNA ARSITEKTUR RUMAH TINGGAL
           MASYARAKAT KOTA PESISIR UTARA DI KAWASAN JAWA TIMUR (Kasus Studi Rumah
           Tinggal di Kampung Karangturi dan Kampung Sumber Girang, Lasem)

    • Authors: Bachtiar Fauzy, Antariksa ., Purnama Salura
      Abstract: Housing architecture in the Kampong Chinatown Karangturi - Lasem located in the North Coast of Java was the architecture of the Chinese community that had the character of the Chinese architectural style, this phenomenon is reinforced by the data entry of Chinese culture that took place since the 13th century. This study revealed how to understand the concept relation of function, form and meaning of urban housing architecture in the North Coast region of East Java. Case study looked at the extent of housing architecture in the Kampong Sumber Girang, Lasem as clients affected by the housing architecture in Kampung Karangturi as a patron. This study took the method of structuralism and typomorphology approach to unravel the phenomenon of urban coastal architecture concept of relation. The results of this study showed that to understand the concept relations of function, form and meaning of coastal architecture could be determined through the study of Javanese human behavior concept of relation, which at the end revealed the surface structure and deep structures of coastal architecture.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • ACHIEVING PAKIS’S THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AS ARCHITECTURAL BUILDING
           THERMAL RESISTANT BY GUARDED STEADY-STATE HOTBOX METHOD:PART 1

    • Authors: Danny Santoso Mintorogo, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad
      Abstract: Thermal conductivity of various materials which are mostly listed available as building or industrial materials in reference books and websites; but one will hardly find out for every new material, and has to be observed and try out itself if we want to know the new thermal conductivity value (k). Nonetheless with new substanct likes pakis-stem blocks that come from natural tree that could be found in the tropical woodland of Indonesia. Steady-state homogeneous temperature applied with hotbox method in an uninfluent environment likes guarded laboratory environment is the right method to obtain the thermal conductivity and resistance of porousness and semi-solidness of the pakis-stem blocks. After investigating almost 24 hours with controller TRSYS01 applying with ASTM C1155, physical semi-solid pakis blocks tend to be more easy to obtain the R-value, k-value, and surface temperatures than the porous pakis. The porous pakis blocks were tend to unstable during the test due to its physical permeable condition. The resistant values (R-value) and thermal conductivity (k) values will be further published on the following discussion of pakis thermal conductivity part 2.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THERMAL ADAPTATION, CAMPUS GREENING AND OUTDOOR USE IN LAUTECH CAMPUS,
           OGBOMOSO, NIGERIA

    • Authors: Joseph Adeniran ADEDEJI, Yekeen Olayiwola BELLO, Joseph Akinlabi FADAMIRO
      Abstract: The interwoven relationship between the use of indoors and outdoors in the tropics as means of thermal adaptation has long been recognized. In the case of outdoors, this is achieved by green intervention of shading trees as adaptive mechanisms through behavioural thermoregulation. Unfortunately, the indoor academic spaces of LAUTECH campus was not provided with necessary outdoor academic learning environment in the general site planning of the campus for use at peak indoor thermal dissatisfaction period considering the tropical climatic setting of the university. The students’ departmental and faculty associations tried to provide parks for themselves as alternatives which on casual observation are of substandard quality and poorly maintained because of lack of institutional coordination and low funding. This study examined the quality and use of these parks for thermal comfort through behavioral adjustment from subjective field evidence with the goal of improvement. To achieve this, twelve parks were selected within the campus. Questionnaires containing use and quality variables were administered randomly upon 160 users of these parks. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Results show that the quality of the parks, weather condition, period of the day, and personal psychological reasons of users has great influence on the use of the parks. The study concludes with policy recommendations on improvement of the quality of the parks and the campus outdoors and greenery in general.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • INDOOR THERMAL CONDITION OF FACTORY BUILDING IN BANGLADESH

    • Authors: Muhammed Abdullah Al Sayem Khan, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad, Tareef Hayat Khan
      Abstract: Bangladesh is a developing country and has a lot of factories for different products for local use and also export to abroad. Garments industries are one of the top most items of exported items. A huge number of populations are working in garments industries. But these factories are not well designed in sense of the thermal environment. Workers experiences sickness related to indoor environment. The productions of these factories are affected due to employees’ health condition. The research is done in two different methods. One is empirical data collection using thermal data loggers and the other is questionnaire survey on the spots for three factory buildings. The field study was conducted in four different months of the same year during winter and summer period. Expected findings of this research are that the indoor environment is not comfortable for works at day time during summer season. This research will help the factory workers in providing a comfortable thermal environment and also help the employers or factory owners to increase their production margin.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • PENATAAN ELEMEN STRUKTURAL UNTUK MENYEDERHANAKAN PERILAKU DINAMIK, DALAM
           KETERPADUAN DENGAN DESAIN ARSITEKTUR

    • Authors: Bisatya W. Maer, Benjamin Lumantarna, Joyce M. Laurens
      Abstract: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan penataan elemen struktural yang dapat lebih efektif menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik struktur terhadap gempa bumi, dan tidak merusak keterpaduan antara rancangan arsitektural dengan rancang¬¬an struktural. Sebagai studi kasus digunakan prototipe yang merupakan bagian tower dari Gedung Intiland Tower Jakarta. Penelitian diawali dengan membuat dan menganalisis model eksisting dan tiga buah model perubahan tata letak elemen struktural untuk mendapatkan perbandingan defleksi lateral dari model-model tersebut. Perbandingan tersebut me¬nunjukkan tingkat efektifitas tata letak elemen struktural dalam menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik, sementara pengaruh¬nya terhadap tingkat keterpaduan dievaluasi dengan metode diskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua model eksperimen yang signifikan mengurangi defleksi lateral dan satu diantaranya tidak mengganggu keterpaduan rancangan arsitektural.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • PRIMARY STAGE OF PAKIS-STEM-BLOCK SYSTEM AS THERMAL PROTECTIVE TO FLAT
           BARE CONCRETE ROOFTOP IN TROPICAL CLIMATE OF SURABAYA

    • Authors: Danny Santoso Mintorogo, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad
      Abstract: In the era of global warming and increasing urban heat island condition, flat concrete deck on shop-houses may be less sustainable to handle the excessive solar heat radiation impacts on the roof surfaces. Innovative alternative roofing system is needed to manage heat radiation that will lead to sustainable factors likes energy savings, less energy body used on the roofing materials, and provide comprehensive environmental friendly roof system. This paper discusses about particular environmental friendly materials such as “Pakis-Stem Blocks” system is a good thermal resistant to absorb the solar sun heat and provide natural cooling through convective-wind without adding substantial loads to the roof structures. “Pakis-stem blocks” are easier, cheaper and more valuable than other sub-structure roofing materials as thermal resistant layer on flat bare concrete deck besides green roofing systems.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • CRADLE TO CRADLE IN URBAN PLANNING

    • Authors: Camelia Kusumo
      Abstract: Cradle to Cradle is a well-known sustainability concept introduced by Braungart and McDonough. It is a concept about how a product can be designed from the outset so that, after their useful lives, they will provide nourishment for something new, thus “waste equals food” (Braungart and McDonough, 2002). This eco-effective principle has been applied widely in products development; however, it is less known in the urban planning discipline where sustainable development is the main ‘key word’ in transforming the urban area. The question that this paper expands on is whether it is possible to apply the Cradle to Cradle concept into urban planning practice. This article explains the difference between the eco-efficient concept and the eco-effective concept and elaborate from there on a possibility to apply the Cradle to Cradle principle to urban planning practice. It is shown that the Cradle to Cradle principle offers an instrument for bringing complex sustainable concepts within reach of planning thinking and discussion, and for generating alternatives which may not otherwise be given serious consideration.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THE “DUO”, BUILDING SETBACK AND LANDSCAPE QUALITY: LAUTECH
           (NIGERIA) NEIGHBOURHOOD EXAMINED

    • Authors: ADEDEJI Joseph Adeniran, FADAMIRO Joseph Akinlabi
      Abstract: The subjects, building setbacks and landscape quality, can be considered as “duo” in view of their interwoven relationships as major determinants of open space quality in residential neighbourhoods. In view of the numerous benefits and functions of residential open spaces, these were examined in LAUTECH neighbourhood. The purpose was to assess the compliance level of these land use and outdoor quality variables with the Nigerian planning regulations to guide future developments in these sprawling neighbourhoods. A total sample size of 150 buildings was selected from the study population using stratified method. Direct measurement and observation of these variables was carried out. Result of a descriptive statistical analysis of the data obtained shows that there is a general poor conformity of setbacks, width of access roads and nature of fence to planning standards. These negatively affect building massing and the non-standard open spaces left were poorly landscaped. There were correlations between building setbacks and landscape quality. The result informed recommendations on these subjects for neighbourhoods that abut institutional campuses in general.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION AND INFORMAL SECTOR IN SHAPING THE CITY: CASE STUDY
           AHMEDABAD-INDIA

    • Authors: Rully Damayanti
      Abstract: Industrial activity is a prime determinant in shaping city size and growth opportunities especially in developing country, like India. Since industrialization started in Ahmedabad in 1950s, the city becomes larger and larger in terms of population and size. The growth of Ahmedabad city is highly affected by three urban generators on eastern part of the city. The research’ aim is to identify and analyze the urban shape caused by the industrial activities and business activity that occupy public areas and streets. Since industrial activities became urban generators to change the use of land, from agriculture into developed land, it has affected the physical morphology of the urban areas. The research found that the existence of informal sector on these areas give an idea that industrial activity not only causes the change of land occupation, but also encourages the growth of informal commercial activity.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THE MORPHOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK OF THE CHINESE AND THE EUROPEAN DISTRICTS IN
           SURABAYA, 1787-2005

    • Authors: Timoticin Kwanda
      Abstract: Recently, the phenomena of economic boom during the 1990s have led to the physical restructuring within the old centre of Surabaya. The changes is inevitable, thus the real issue is how to find the elements of persistent, constraining development to some degree that could be applied to influence future development. The objective of the research is to understand the impact of intervention, and to find the typo-morphological framework in the European and the Chinese quarters, from 1787 to 2005 for future development. A synchronic and a diachronic method is applied to understand the old town centre historical development, and the relationship between building type and urban fabric. The result shows three different degrees of persistent. The town plan of the Chinese and the European districts show a notable persistence. However the land utilization is less persistent especially in the European district such as the first and the second city wall were replaced by roads, and the first and the second fort were replaced by open space and residential uses. Finally, the buildings fabric shows a drastic change such as most of the nineteenth century Indische buildings have been replaced by the 1920s modern buildings.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2012)
       
  • THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF ROOFTOP GREENERY SYSTEM AT THE TROPICAL CLIMATE OF
           MALAYSIA A case study of a 10 storied building R.C.C flat rooftop at UTM,
           Johor Bahru, Malaysia

    • Authors: Rumana Rashid, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmed
      Abstract: In tropical countries rooftop greenery is more sympathetic to the prevailing climate and provides comfortable indoor environment. This paper analyses the above hypothesis on a 10 storied residential apartments in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). The analysis of actual performance of the rooftop greenery can provide the information on effectiveness of its application on contemporary houses for tropical climate in Malaysia. Empirical studies have been performed an internal and external roof surface, where temperature and air temperature were measured for a period of three days in two phases. The first phase of measurement was carried out when the rooftop was empty. After the rooftop greenery was built then the second phase of measurement was conducted. Expected findings of the research are that the green rooftop will tend to experience lower surface temperature than the original exposed roof surface. So this research work will provide an introduction or preliminary guide line for thermally responsive architecture on the basis of thermal performance of the rooftop greenery system. Temperature is the main criteria of human comfort. To provide an indoor comfortable environment through the greening of the rooftop of the building is more appropriate in the tropical climate of Malaysia.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SELF-SUPPORT STILT-HOUSES TOWARDS THE DISASTER
           POTENTIALITY AT THE CAMBAYA COASTAL AREA, MAKASSAR

    • Authors: Isfa Sastrawati
      Abstract: Self-support stilt-houses at the coastal area have environment characteristics that are different from inland houses, and they have the disaster potentiality such as hurricanes, tidal waves, abrasion, earthquakes, and even tsunami. The stilt houses are very adaptable to climatic conditions and coastal disasters. The shape of the stilt houses at the coastal area must comply with aspects of safety, security, comfort, and health. This paper examines the characteristics of the stilt houses at the coastal area of Cambaya, Makassar, especially in terms of safety and security aspects. The aspects of safety and security include the resistance of the building construction towards disasters. Along with the development of the urban area, the demanding needs and limited financial-abilities, the owners of the houses at the Cambaya coastal area develop their houses by utilizing the empty space at the coastal area and the space under floor of the stilt house. The change of the building shape gives an effect on the poor quality of the building, building safety, and security. However, there are several stilt houses at Cambaya which could reduce the impacts of disasters on the safety of the residents through their local wisdom.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE CHARACTER CONTEXT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF JAYENGRONO PARK

    • Authors: Aldrin Yusuf Firmansyah
      Abstract: The aim of the research is to examine the context of the Willemsplein development. Willemsplein was a public urban-square in Dutch c¬o¬lonial era (plein) at Jembatan Merah area. Willemsplein, which in the following time became Surabaya urban heritage, changes into a private me¬¬mo¬rial park which is known as Taman Jayeng¬rono (Jayengrono Park). The context of this park is the most important aspect in the urban-square de¬¬velopment be¬cause the attainment of the suitability and continuity of the visual-formal, memory, and meaning of the urban-square arrangement implicitely shows certain character. The research method is a qualitative des¬crip¬tive method which is implied to analyze the comparation of the arrangement of Jayengrono Park in the past and at present in three phases. The first phase is the identification of the chronological formation of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the historical period suitability (diachronic reading) towards the phy¬sical arrangement (synchronic reading). The second phase is the identification of the proportion of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the measurement of the square-proportion ratio. The last phase is the iden¬tification of the place by using the analysis technique of simulation. The research shows that the Willems¬ple¬in arrangement combines the classical European open-square arrangement of the two development centers in Italy and France through the usage of the sequences of streets, rivers and bridges and the usage of the street axes as the mathematical result of the square proportion. The deletion of the intagible identitiy in Willemsplein shows that the character context cannot be attained; or it can be interpreted as the loss of the identity of the cu¬l¬tural reservation in the development of Jayengrono Park. Concurrently, it means that the development of Ja¬yeng¬rono Park is merely as an urban green open-square.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE APPLICATION OF NON-ROUTINE STRUCTURAL PATTERNS TO OPTIMISE A VERTICAL
           STRUCTURE

    • Authors: Eunike Kristi Julistiono
      Abstract: This paper presents the application of non-routine structural patterns as the pattern of the vertical buildings’ perimeter structure to increase the structural performance of the structure. Realising the limitations of the orthogonal pattern, and the current trends to use non-routine patterns, the optimality of three non-routine patterns found in nature and recent building designs are examined. Medium and high-rise buildings are taken as the case studies to observe distinct behaviour of the patterns under different loading condition. Best solutions from distinct patterns are produced by utilising CAD modelling and structural design and optimisation software. Multi-criteria decision making framework is then used to evaluate the performance of the solutions in terms of efficiency, economy, expressiveness and environmental sustainability. The result shows that among the three patterns examined, the triangular pattern can produce optimum structures.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • URBANIZATION, HOUSING AND INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES IN LAGOS, NIGERIA

    • Authors: FADAIRO Gabriel, TAIWO Abraham
      Abstract: There is a wide range of demand on Lagos as an urban centre and pragmatic approaches to complement the urbanization process and its attendant problems need urgent attention. The dynamism of Lagos as an urban centre cannot be stopped, but precautionary measures can be taken to nip the bud in the anticipated fallouts of this trend. The paper examines the urbanization, housing and the dearth of infrastructure in Lagos. Although the city of Lagos has over the years sprawled and has become a mega city, with the symptoms of urbanization being inadequately supplied. The paper further examines the provision of infrastructure in Lagos in the last decade. The government had commenced a total rebirth of the entire gamut of decay and social disintegration through the provisions of basic infrastructure. Projects executed by the state government with respect to urbanization, housing and infrastructure were examined. And recommendations on how to further meet future challenges in Lagos with regard to urbanization were proffered
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • THE SETTLEMENT OF STREN–KALI WONOKROMO–SURABAYA: The City
           Image Based on the Development of Marginal Society

    • Authors: Paulus Bawole
      Abstract: As human beings the poor people in informal settlements also have the right to live better like any other well-off people. Although the government regards them as illegal, they demonstrate great ingenuity in developing their residential neighborhoods. Public spaces are the living room for the people living in the informal settlements - the place where people come to enjoy their settlement. The strategy of sustainable development for informal settlements can be carried out well if the inhabitants are involved at the whole development process. In 2006 the population of Surabaya city was 2,716,971 people. An experience about urban upgrading in informal settlement along Wonokromo riverbank, Surabaya shows how the program implemented can improve the living quality of the inhabitants. With the program of Community Total Participation, the physical problems of the settlements can be reduced gradually. This paper will discuss the action research which tries to involve the inhabitants through total participatory strategy. The qualitative and quantitative data will be analyzed in order to find conclusions and to recommend alternative solutions.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2011)
       
  • EFEKTIFITAS MATERIAL PERLUBANGAN “MASHRABIYYA” SEBAGAI
           “HIJAB” GENDER PADA DESAIN PERPUSTAKAAN PESANTREN

    • Authors: Sayed Mahathir, Yulianto P. Prihatmaji
      Abstract: Pesantren's library is core of learning process in Islamic Boarding School. Re-design idea of pesantren's library for gender segregate based on two conditions. First is role of forbidden interaction between male and female in pesantren. Second is amount of user is increase after building function mix used. It is approximately 3,000 students and located in limited site. Base on observation and literature study, popular hijab (segregation) using distance hijab type for maxi function of segregation. The condition is not running well in limited site, so it is need design for create hijab of gender zone. The visual simulation result of hollow material (mashrabiyya) for hijab gender zone is showed that good work and effective. Effectiveness of material is caused the material can visual segregate gender zone without large space. The condition is required difference quantity of light and distance of view. The condition can not apply in interior building, so we use hollow material with dual layer or wrecked pattern. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Perpustakaan pesantren merupakan jantung penunjang kegiatan belajar mengajar di Pesantren. Gagasan redesain perpustakaan pesantren Madrasah Ulumul Quran di kota Langsa dengan strategi pemisahan zona gender, didasari oleh (i) larangan interaksi antar gender (santriwan dan santriwati) di lingkungan pesantren kecuali muhrimnya (sedarah), (ii) jumlah pengguna bangunan pasca redesain memicu kuantitas pengguna dalam jumlah yang cukup besar (≤3000 santri), dan (iii) terletak di atas site yang cukup sempit (±1800m2). Berdasarkan studi literatur dan observasi, hijab yang berfungsi maksimal sebagai pemisah zona gender adalah jarak, akan tetapi tidak optimal pada lahan sempit, sehingga dibutuhkan perancangan efektifitas hijab zona gender. Hasil simulasi daya akses visual material perlubangan (Mashrabiyya) sebagai hijab gender menunjukkan material jenis ini efektif (tidak butuh banyak ruang) dalam memisahkan (secara visual) zona gender dengan persyaratan yaitu, perbedaan cahaya dan jarak pandang. syarat ini tidak dapat diaplikasikan pada interior, sehingga perancangan ini menggunakan material perlubangan dengan sistem konstruksi dua panel perlubangan atau pola acak. Kata kunci: perpustakaan, hijab gender, mashrabiyya (material perlubangan), simulasi.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2010)
       
  • KUALITAS AKUSTIK PANEL DINDING BERBAHAN BAKU JERAMI

    • Authors: Christina E. Mediastika
      Abstract: A series of study to explore possibility in using paddy-straw as main material to construct cheap and high quality panels has been developed. Prior to this study, laboratory research to examine strength of compression and tensile of the panels have been conducted, which is showed a significant value for a non-structural panel. The compression is 15 N/mm2 and tensile averaged at 0,5 N/mm2 . In this study, acoustic properties of the panels is to be examined, i.e.: transmission loss (TL), absorption coefficient (), and reverberation time (RT60). The test showed TL of 10 dB and 16 dB,  of 0,4 and 0,8 and improve RT60 from 0,88 sec to 0,35 sec and 0,16 sec (500 Hz is used for reference). Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Ketersediaan panel pelapis dinding yang bersifat akustik dengan harga yang lebih terjangkau seperti yang terbuat dari bahan limbah sangatlah penting. Pada penelitian awal telah diselidiki penggunaan jerami sebagai bahan baku pembuatan panel akustik, sekaligus telah dilakukan pengujian terhadap kareakteristik struktural (uji desak dan lentur) dari panel tersebut. Dari uji kekuatan struktural, panel memiliki kekuatan desak mencapai 15 N/mm2 dan kuat lentur reta-rata 0,5 N/mm2. Kekuatan ini dianggap mencukupi bagi panel non-struktural yang hanya bertugas untuk memikul beban sendiri. Oleh karena tujuan awal pembuatan panel adalah untuk kepentingan akustik, maka pada penelitian lanjutan, dilakukan uji laboratorium dan lapangan untuk melihat karakterisktik akustiknya. Adapun pengujian meliputi: redaman/insulasi (TL), koefisien serap () dan waktu dengung (RT60). Dari hasil pengujian, panel mempunyai TL 10 dB dan 16 dB,  0,4 dan 0,8, serta mampu memperbaiki RT60 ruangan dari 0,88 detik menjadi 0,35 detik dan 0,16 detik. Kesemua pengujian menggunakan band frekuensi 500 Hz sebagai acuan. Kata kunci: panel jerami, insulasi, koefisien serap, waktu dengung.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2010)
       
  • REKONSTRUKSI TIPOLOGI RUANG DAN BENTUK ISTANA KERAJAAN BANJAR DI
           KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    • Authors: Bani Noor Muchamad, Naimatul Aufa
      Abstract: The government of South Kalimantan has planned to reconstruct Banjarese palace based on the evidence of its glory in the past. This plan has firstly been conducted through the search of Banjarese kingdom location. This research itself is aimed to obtain the architecture representation of Banjarese palace, which is part of the search of Banjarese kingdom location. Based on literature study, it is concluded that the architecture representation of Banjarese palace is identical with that of one of Banjarese traditional houses, which is high ridge house. The field study shows that there are only 16 high ridge houses left in South Kalimantan. Furthermore, based on the typology analysis, Banjarese palace in representation of high ridge house has at least 5 (five) rooms, which are: pelataran (veranda), panampik (guest room), paledangan (living room), anjung (west and east wing), and padapuran (kitchen). Besides the rooms, the palace also has distinctive features, such as the cacak burung-shaped floor plan, anjung, and the shape of the roof (sindang langit, bubungan, the anjung roof, and hambin awan). Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Adanya rencana dari pemerintah provinsi Kalimantan Selatan untuk merekonstruksi kembali istana kerajaan Banjar adalah didasarkan bukti kebesaran kerajaan Banjar pada masa lalu. Dan untuk rencana ini, telah dimulai melalui studi pencarian lokasi kerajaan Banjar. Adapun penelitian ini sendiri, bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran wujud arsitektur istana kerajaan Banjar yang merupakan satu kesatuan dengan studi pencarian lokasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi kasus. Berdasar hasil studi kepustakaan, diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa wujud arsitektur istana kerajaan Banjar identik dengan bangunan yang saat ini dikenal sebagai rumah bubungan tinggi. Melalui penelusuran di lapangan diperoleh 16 buah rumah bubungan tinggi yang masih tersisa di Kalimantan Selatan. Selanjutnya dari hasil analisis tipologi, diperoleh gambaran bahwa istana kerajaan Banjar dalam wujud rumah bubungan tinggi memiliki setidaknya 5 (lima) jenis ruang, yaitu; pelataran, panampik, paledangan, anjung, dan padapuran. Selain itu denah bangunan yang berbentuk cacak burung, keberadaan anjung, dan bentuk atap (sindang langit, bubungan, atap anjung, dan hambin awan) merupakan ciri khasnya. Kata kunci: istana, kerajaan banjar, rumah bubungan tinggi
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2010)
       
  • MATHEMATICS COURSES AND NEW EMERGING DESIGN TOOL AN OVERVIEW OF
           ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION IN INDONESIA

    • Authors: Aswin Indraprastha
      Abstract: Since the beginning, mathematics courses are inherent within architecture education. In Indonesia, the legacy from Dutch education system has influenced most of the architectural schools and this courses stand as one of basic engineering courses for architecture education system. This situation has been remaining well adopted until recently, some of architectural schools are tailoring mathematics to shape with contemporary challenges particularly regards to the digital tools. This paper aims to present brief information about mathematics courses in architectural schools in Indonesia, the importance of mathematics in learning digital design tools and propose thoughts to upgrade mathematics content in architectural education towards new emerging design tools.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2010)
       
  • THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF CONTEMPORARY HOUSE IN THE CITY OF DHAKA

    • Authors: Rumana Rashid, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmad
      Abstract: A contemporary house located within a dense area of Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh was selected to evaluate its thermal performance. The study was based on the field measurements conducted during selected days in the summer period. The field survey was conducted using one set of thermal data logger installed in the selected house to record the air temperature and relative humidity of both indoor and outdoor spaces. The research result concluded that the contemporary house experienced much higher temperature during night and early morning. The indoor air temperature during the daytime was equal to the outdoor or sometime higher illustrating that it was overheating. On the other hand, previous study on traditional house within the same area showed that indoor air temperature was lower than outdoor air temperature, something that the contemporary house failed to achieve.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2010)
       
  • STUDY ON ROAD-SIDE CARBON DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION IN AN INTEGRATED BUSINESS
           PARK IN SINGAPORE

    • Authors: Nedyomukti Imam Syafii, Steve Kardinal Jusuf, Wong Nyuk Hien
      Abstract: As an industrialized country at the crossroads of Asian shipping lanes, Singapore is not spared from the threat of increasing CO2 emissions. In an effort to document the existence of this phenomenon, field measurements were conducted to study and quantify the spatial variability of CO2 levels in the near-surface air of an integrated business park: One-North, Singapore. The result, a weekday-weekend comparison analysis, showed that traffic volumes influenced CO2 concentration predominantly. However, suburban vegetation moderated the CO2 concentration during the daytime. The magnitude of morning peaks and evening build-up were largely dependent on the traffic within the source area at the time of the measurement. All zones showed that the lowest mean CO2 concentration over One-North area is at the weekend, due to the drop on vehicular traffic and human activities. In particular, the present of lush greenery are notably able to further moderate the low-atmosphere CO2 concentration.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2010)
       
  • METODE ANALISIS KUANTITATIF RASIONALISTIK DALAM MENENTUKAN KARAKTERISTIK
           RUANG UNTUK ARAHAN RANCANGAN KAWASAN URBAN (Studi Kasus Jl. Kemasan,
           Kotagede)

    • Authors: Poerwadi Poerwadi, Tjahja Tribinuka
      Abstract: Kotagede is the historical site of Mataram Islam great city who build until 1532. This district has justify as international conservation district on ’Yogyakarta Declaration and Kotagede Declaration’ at Yogyakarta 1996, in ‘Asia and West Pacific Network Urban Conservation (APWNUC)’ workshop and symposium 4th. Kotagede distric characteristic threatened because rapid physical function change as impact of economical growing and productive economical oriented. It nescessary to analysis the urban space characteristic that appropriate with this distinctiveness visual distric space. This research use rasionalistic quantitative method in order to find the image of distric space characteristic. Variables of analysis are street floor as horizontal bottom enclosure and street wall as vertical enclosure. JMP program and pixelate Adobe Photoshop use to process research data. Output of the analysis is distric space characteristic on Jl. Kemasan, include outline, facade rythem and quality of street space Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Kotagede adalah situs bersejarah peninggalan Kotaraja Kerajaan Mataram Islam yang berdiri sejak tahun 1532 M. Kawasan ini telah ditetapkan sebagai kawasan konservasi tingkat internasional dalam ’Yogyakarta Declaration and Kotagede Declaration’ di Yogyakarta melalui workshop dan simposium ke 4 oleh Asia and West Pacific Network Urban Consevation (AWPNUC) pada tahun 1996. Karakteristik kawasan Kotagede terancam akibat percepatan perubahan fungsi fisik sebagai dampak pertumbuhan ekonomi dan perubahan pemilikan yang berorientasi ekonomi produktif. Perlu dilakukan analisa karakteristik ruang kawasan yang sesuai dengan ciri visual ruang kawasan tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode rasionalistik untuk mendapatkan gambaran karakteristik ruang kawasan secara kuantitatif. Analisa dilakukan dengan variabel lantai ruang jalan (street floor) dan dinding pembatas sebagai pelingkup ruang jalan (street Wall). Pengolahan data dilakukan secara digital dengan program komputer JMP dan pixelate Adobe Photoshop. Hasil analisis merupakan temuan karakteristik di Jl. Kemasan, terhadap outline, irama bukaan bangunan dan kualitas ruang jalan yang dapat dimanfaatkan untuk menyusun arahan rancangan kawasan. Kata kunci: jalan kemasan kotagede, konservasi, karakteristik.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • ASPEK IKLIM DALAM DESAIN BANGUNAN DI KAWASAN KONSERVASI KOTA JAKARTA

    • Authors: Achsien Hidajat
      Abstract: Colonialism periode in Indonesia left many old buildings especially in North Jakarta which they were put into a conservation buildings`s area by gouverment of Jakarta at present time. The arrival of the colonialism brought architectural styles to the buildings that they build. Also the buildings styles that were influenced at past time in Europe. More than 3 centuries of colonialism in Nusantara left many buildings with many buildings`s conceptional and design which represent the time. Architectural designing with 4 seasons of Europe brings differences to architectural design with 2 seasons of Nusantara. Tropical area such as Jakarta which has wet-hot season gives sun-shine and rains along the year. It means high temperature and humidity at the same time will really influence the buildings. Concerns to local`s wise in designing the buildings at colonialsm periode, we could read the architecs`s conceptional to gain the adaptive and compromized design with local climate. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Periode kolonialisasi di daerah Jakarta khususnya banyak meninggalkan jejak yang dapat dilihat pada beberapa gedung di kawasan Jakarta Utara, yang mana pada saat ini oleh pemerintah setempat dijadikan kawasan konservasi kota. Kedatangan kaum kolonial tersebut membawa serta pengaruh-pengaruh langgam arsitektur yang saat itu sedang berkembang di benua Eropa. Masa kolonialisasi lebih dari 3 abad selain meninggalkan banyak gedung di seantero Nusantara, meninggalkan juga jejak aneka konsep dan disain Langgam arsitektur dari Eropa yang berhawa dingin dengan 4 musim akan sangat berbeda dengan keadaan daerah berhawa panas dan lembab (tropis-lembab) seperti daerah Jakarta yang beriklim tropis-lembab. Daerah beriklim tropis-lembab- seperti pada umumnya di Nusantara- ditandai dengan melimpahnya cahaya matahari serta hujan sepanjang tahun. Hal ini berarti daerah tropis-lembab akan selalu mengalami suhu panas dibarengi kelembaban yang tinggi pula. Dikaitkan dengan kearifan dalam mendisain gedung, pada perjalanan kolonialisasi dengan rentang waktu 3 abad lebih tersebut bisa terbaca bagaimana usaha arsitek gedung-gedung pada masanya berusaha adaptif dan berkompromi dengan iklim setempat. Kata kunci: Langgam arsitektur, periode kolonialisasi, iklim setempat, usaha adaptif dan kompromistis, kearifan dalam mendisain.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • VERNAKULARITAS LOS, BANGUNAN PENGERING TEMBAKAU DI KABUPATEN KLATEN, JAWA
           TENGAH

    • Authors: Titien Saraswati
      Abstract: The tobacco plantation in the area of Klaten Regency has many huge barns for drying tobacco since the year of 1850s, named los. The los(es) can be found in remote area in the villages; such as in Bendo Gantungan, within Gayamprit tobacco plantation. In other area, some of the los(es) can be seen from the main road or from the train within Yogyakarta - Surakarta; but they are not as many as in the year of 1970s – 1980s. The finding of this research confirms that los has high vernacular value. This can be shown not only from its organization of space; but also from its form, its local materials, and its local technique. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia:
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • JEJAK HUBUNGAN ARSITEKTUR TRADISIONAL SUKU BANJAR DAN SUKU BAKUMPAI

    • Authors: Ira Mentayani
      Abstract: This research is based on the phenomena of the existence of Banjarese traditional houses in Bakumpai tribe. This research compares 15 samples of traditional houses in Marabahan with 62 traditional houses in Banjarmasin. Based on the field observation, there are 5 types of traditional houses that look alike in both places. The five traditional houses are among the 11 types of Banjarese traditional houses, they are (1) Bubungan Tinggi type, (2) Balai Bini type, (3) Palimasan type, (4) Cacak Burung type, and (5) Joglo type. Based on the comparison analysis, it is concluded that there is a close relationship between the two places, Marabahan and Banjarmasin. This is shown by the similarity in space organization, the shape of the roof, name of the space, the function of the space, the structure and construction of the house, as well as the ornament applications. Nevertheless, there are some differences between the two places. The differences lie in the aspects of dimension and the motifs of carvings. While as traced through its history aspect, it is shown that the development of traditional architecture of Bakumpai tribe preceded the development of traditional architecture of Banjarese tribe. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Penelitian ini didasari fenomena adanya rumah tradisional suku Banjar di wilayah kediaman suku Bakumpai. Penelitian ini membandingkan antara 15 sampel rumah tradisional di wilayah Kota Marabahan dan 62 rumah tradisional di wilayah Kota Banjarmasin. Dari hasil pengamatan lapangan, diperoleh hasil bahwa terdapat 5 (lima) tipe rumah tradisional yang sama di kedua wilayah. Ke-5 tipe rumah tradisioanl tersebut merujuk pada referensi 11 (sebelas) tipe rumah tradisional yang ada di wilayah suku Banjar. Lima tipe rumah tersebut adalah (1) tipe Bubungan Tinggi, (2) tipe Balai Bini, (3) tipe Palimasan, (4) tipe Cacak Burung, dan (5) tipe Joglo. Berdasar analisis perbandingan diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang sangat erat antar kedua wilayah. Hubungan tersebut ditunjukan oleh kesamaan organisasi ruang, bentuk atap, nama ruang, fungsi ruang, struktur dan kontruksi, serta adanya ornamen. Namun demikian perbedaan tetap ada, yaitu pada aspek dimensi dan ragam hias.motif ukiran. Sedangkan dari aspek kesejarahan, bukti catatan sejarah menjelaskan bahwa perkembangan arsitektur tradisional suku Bakumpai berkembang mendahului perkembangan arsitektur tradisional suku Banjar. Kata kunci: Suku Banjar, Suku Bakumpai, Hubungan Arsitektural dan Sejarah.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • DAENDELS DAN PERKEMBANGAN ARSITEKTUR DI HINDIA BELANDA ABAD 19

    • Authors: Handinoto Handinoto
      Abstract: In periods of his governance, Governor General Herman Willem Daendels (1808-1811) greatly influenced the city growth of Batavia (currently known as Jakarta) and Surabaya. He has also affected colonial architecture in Dutch East Indies during 19th century. His style of leadership that was arrogant and tough has been succeeded to reborn proud of Dutch nation as a colonist and also eliminate Javanese traditional architecture that was started to adopt by some Dutch ‘aristocrat’ at the end of 18th century for housing development. Daendels’ governance initiated new style of architecture which is known as ‘Indische Empire’. The style has been adopted from ‘Empire’ style of France and has made some adjustment with local climate and life style of Dutch East Indies The style has been used in Dutch East Indies during 19th century. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Dalam kurun waktu pemerintahannya selama kurang lebih 3,5 tahun, Gubernur Jendral Herman Willem Daendels (1808-1811) ternyata berperan besar terhadap perkembangan kota di Batavia (sekarang Jakarta) dan Surabaya maupun arsitektur kolonial di Hindia Belanda sepanjang abad ke 19. Gaya pemerintahannya yang keras dan angkuh ternyata berhasil menghidupkan kembali keangkuhan Belanda sebagai kaum penjajah dan menjauhkan pengaruh arsitektur tradisional Jawa yang sudah mulai diadaptasi oleh kaum ’aristokrat’ Belanda pada akhir abad 18, untuk pembangunan perumahan. Kedatangan Daendels mengakibatkan timbulnya gaya arsitektur yang kemudian dikenal dengan sebutan ” Indische Empire”, berasal dari gaya Empire di Perancis yang disesuaikan dengan iklim dan gaya hidup di Hindia Belanda. Gaya ini berkembang di Hindia Belanda sepanjang abad ke 19. Kata kunci: Sejarah arsitektur Kolonial Belanda, Daendels, Indische Empire.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • TRANSFORMASI ARSITEKTUR BALE DAJA

    • Authors: A.A. Oka Saraswati
      Abstract: Bale Daja is a building sited in kaja (northerly) direction which is defined in accordance to local terms. Kaja or Daja has been tied with a hilly (mountainous) area, lining along Bali’s east to west axis. To those reside on the southern part of this line, northerly is insequence with the actual north direction. However, those stand on the opposite side have their notherly pointing to the actual south direction. Bale Daja has various inherent functions. These include its usages as a sleeping area, space for giving birth, quarantine area for female teenagers, and storage for valuable family belongings. In a long run, these usages have been expanded to incorporate further functions of a building for sleeping, numerous domestic activities, chatting, offering preparation, reading and writing manuscripts, welcoming guests, and meeting with both local and government officers. According to a thorough investigation, there are seven types of Bale Daja found. In several cases within its development, a Bale Daja has been completed with one or more additional uses of a toilet, a modern working space, and a room dedicated for watching television. Such type of a Bale Daja is usually accessed through its sides with windows and wide openings attached. These changes are also accompanied by the use of newly available building materials. This writing examines the development of Bale Daja viewed from Balinese Traditional Architecture principles through transformation, both-and phenomenon and resultant of complexity. The recent transformation of a Bale Daja shows a trend in which traditional value systems and architectural guidelines remain highly regarded in practice. Thus, such an architectural development demonstrates a capacity to accommodate social development taking place within its society Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Bale daja merupakan bale yang mengikuti perletakan sesuai dengan arah mata angin dalam penyebutan masyarakat setempat. Kaja atau daja merupakan daerah yang lebih tinggi (baca: gunung); untuk Bali Selatan merupakan sebutan bagi arah utara dan untuk Bali Utara merupakan sebutan bagi arah selatan. Fungsi tradisi bale daja adalah fungsi awal yang merupakan bale tempat tidur saja. Fungsi tradisi lainnya juga ditemukan sebagai ruang melahirkan, ruang tidur untuk anak gadis serta ruang tempat penyimpanan benda-benda pusaka (gedong simpan). Namun perkembangan fungsi tradisinya juga ditemukan yaitu sebagai ruang tidur yang juga berfungsi sebagai ruang untuk aktivitas domestik seperti mencari kutu, ngobrol, majejahitan (membuat bahan persiapan upacara), membaca dan menulis lontar, menerima tamu, rembuk keluarga serta menghadap pimpinan pada rumah pemimpin umat atau pun pemimpin masyarakat. Ditemukan 7 tipe bale daja dalam kapasitasnya sebagai arsitektur tradisional Bali. Pada perkembangannya, ditemukan bale daja dengan tambahan toilet, ruang kerja modern, ruang TV, dengan pencapaian dari samping dan tambahan jendela dengan bukaan yang cukup luas serta memakai bahan-bahan baru. Tulisan ini mengetengahkan kajian terhadap perkembangan bale daja ditinjau dari kaidah-kaidah arsitektur tradisional Bali melalui transformasi, fenomena both-and, dan resultan kompleksitas. Transformasi bale daja saat ini mengarah pada resultan yang membenarkan yang masih mengikuti kaidah-kaidah arsitektur tradisional Bali dan sesuai dengan nilai-nilai keyakinan masyarakat Bali. Dengan demikian terlihat bahwa perkembangan arsitektur bale daja mampu mengakomodasi perkembangan masyarakat Bali. Kata kunci: bale daja, transformasi.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • KUALITAS PENCAHAYAAN PADA BANGUNAN BERSEJARAH

    • Authors: Parmonangan Manurung
      Abstract: Historical building existences in some area have ability to give specific atmosphere to that area. Special characteristic for its architecture elements and details, and also its historical value, bring historical building to be a landmark for its area.However, sometimes the specific characteristic of historical building is not visible in nighttime. Without special lighting for some historical building in the nighttime, its characteristic will be disappear and identity of its area that formed by the building will be lost.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • JERAMI SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU PANEL AKUSTIK PELAPIS DINDING

    • Authors: Christina E. Mediastika
      Abstract: The demand of walling panels with acoustic qualification has surprisingly increased, due to the needs for home theaters and mini recording studios in the increase of environmental noise. Therefore, good supply of acoustic panels, especially those with lower price are necessary. A series of study to explore possibility in using paddy-straw as main material to construct cheap and high quality panels has been developed. Prior to this study, an earlier small research showed there was a great potency in using paddy-straw as panels, especially ones drawn from paddy in type IR. The earlier study recommends further research to examine strength of compression and tensile of the constructed panels to go for building materials, which is presented in this paper. Acoustic qualification of the panels is subject for further reserach. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Kebutuhan akan panel pelapis dinding yang bersifat akustik terus meningkat seiring meningkatnya kebisingan dan kebutuhan terhadap ruang studio pribadi. Ketersediaan panel pelapis dinding dengan harga yang lebih terjangkau seperti yang terbuat dari bahan limbah sangatlah dibutuhkan. Pada penelitian awal telah diselidiki kemungkinan penggunaan jerami yang merupakan limbah sebagai bahan baku pembuatan panel akustik. Penelitian tersebut menunjukkan bahwa jerami sangat potensial digunakan sebagai bahan aku panel, terutama jerami padi berjenis IR. Selanjutnya panel jerami ini perlu mendapatkan perlakukan uji desak dan lentur untuk memastikan kemampuannya menahan berat sendiri dan kekuatannya saat proses penggunaan, sebelum akhirnya mengalami pengujian berkaitan dengan kualitas akustik. Kekuatan desak dan lentur panel dimaksud, tersaji dalam tulisan ini. Kata kunci: panel jerami, uji desak, uji lentur.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • CORE HOUSE: A STRUCTURAL EXPANDABILITY FOR LIVING Study Case of Yogyakarta
           Post Earthquake 2006

    • Authors: Ikaputra Ikaputra
      Abstract: The house reconstruction after Java Earthquake 2006, is an example of how more than 180,000 units house were constructed within less than a year. Disaster event—such earthquake—is not only ruining “a house” but also “a life” of many families. They lost their house, belonging, and even beloved family. They suffered shortage of supports to revive their owned family life. In the same time, support from others, donors, and government were definitely limited. A strategy to cope with the issue should be addressed to speed up a house reconstruction for family life revitalization within a lack of resources. A core house is one of concepts or models using a small and simple replicable construction which easily adaptable by community. This small earthquake resistance house is designed to have economic construction cost so that this approach could maximize the number of family impacted. The core house is expected to be expanded by families through process of construction support sharing or a subsidized approach among government, donors, and family owned sources.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • RESPON PENDOPO JOGLO YOGYAKARTA TERHADAP GETARAN GEMPA BUMI

    • Authors: Bisatya W. Maer
      Abstract: After May 2006 earthquake the two Pendopo Joglo buildings in Yogyakarta, as displayed in figure 1A and 1B, were showed different failures. In Pendopo Joglo 1A, the sokoguru was broken right under the sunduk kili causing the building to collapse. On the other hand, in Pendopo Joglo 1B case, the sakaguru was slipped but still remained on its position on the umpak so the building did not collapse. The structure differences between the two buildings were the support system used for each building. Pendopo Joglo 1A used pen and hole in the sokoguru base to act as pin joint support, while in Pendopo Joglo 1B, the sokoguru was only placed on the umpak, so it could slip if the earthquake shook it. The slip (as in 1B case) restrained the earthquake vibration as could be learned in base isolator technology. This writing is not a study based on field observation but an analysis about the two buildings different responses to the earthquake vibration which was caused by the different support character. This analysis is based on Static Equivalent Earthquake Load Analysis and is using qualitative method. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Dua buah bangunan Pendopo Joglo di Yogyakarta pada gambar 1A dan 1B mengalami kerusakan berbeda setelah kejadian gempa bumi bulan Mei 2006. Pada Pendopo Joglo 1A sokoguru patah tepat dibawah sunduk-kili dan bangunan runtuh, sedangkan pada pendopo joglo 1Bsokoguru bergeser posisinya pada tumpuan umpak, tapi bangunan tidak runtuh. Perbedaan struktur kedua bangunan terletak pada sistem tumpuannya, yaitu Pendopo Joglo 1A menggunakan tumpuan sendi berupa pen dan lubang di kaki sokogurunya, sedangkan pada pendopo joglo1B sokoguru hanya diletakkan diatas umpak sehingga dapat bergeser apabila digetarkan gempa. Pergeseran ini memberikan sifat meredam getaran gempa yang dapat dipelajari dari teknologi base-isolator. Tulisan ini bukan sebuah penelitian yang didasarkan pada fakta lapangan, tapi berisi analisis tentang perbedaan respon kedua bangunan terhadap getaran gempa akibat adanya perbedaan sifat tumpuan. Analisis dalam tulisan ini didasarkan pada analisis beban gempa statik ekivalen (2) dan dibahas secara kualitatif Kata kunci: gempa, Pendopo Joglo, sistem tumpuan, repon struktur, peredaman.
      PubDate: 2009-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2009)
       
  • NILAI VERNAKULAR DALAM PENATAAN LINGKUNGAN PADA PERMUKIMAN LERENG GUNUNG
           (Studi di Desa Kapencar, Lereng Gunung Sindoro, Wonosobo)

    • Authors: VG Sri Rejeki
      Abstract: The plateau settlement is one typology of settlement in Java. Some theory about the it have been presented the problem solving of contour or sloping land, but not discuss about the strategy of climatic solution yet. At Kapencar Village we founded some phenomenas of problem solving naturally. Some strategies are 1) the building typologies have the jogan as strategy to multy activities and the pogo as strategy to suport the tobacco and corn own activities. 2) The cut and fill construstion as the strategy of sloping land. 3) The pebble became the building material locally, that it put from yard themselves. 4) The little ventilation and the zink material as the strategy of the too cold and high humidity climate. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Permukiman di dataran tingi merupakan salah satu tipe permukiman di Jawa. Selama ini teori dan konsep permukiman lerengan yang berkembang sebatas membahas tentang bentuk kontur/ kelerengan. Tetapi belum mendiskusikan tentang strategi menyelesailan masalah iklim secara vernakular. Di Desa Kapencar ditemukan beberapa fenomena strategi penyelesaian masalah secara natural oleh masyarakat. Beberapa temuan yang dapat dijadikan pembahasan antara lain 1) adanya tipologi rumah dengan prioritas ruang jogan multi fungsi dan pogo, sebagai strategi mendukung kegiatan berladang tembakau dan jagung. 2) penyelesaian kontur diselesaikan dengan cut – fill,. 3) penggunaan batu alam sebagai bahan lokal, diambil dalam pekarangan sendiri, 4) sesedikit mungkin lubang di rumah dan pemilihan bahan seng , sebagai strategi mengarasi suhu dingin dan kelembaban tinggi di lokasi tersebut. Kata kunci: Permukiman, lereng gunung, bahan bangunan, iklim, tipologi.
      PubDate: 2008-07-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2008)
       
  • POTENSI JERAMI PADI SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU PANEL AKUSTIK

    • Authors: Christina E. Mediastika
      Abstract: In the increase of environmental noise, building elements enriched with acoustical properties are significant to serve amenities and healtiness among inhabitants. However, this type of elements which usually consist of high quality materials is much too expensive for most people. The use of paddy straw as the main material to construct acoustical panels is considered in a very early stage of material research. Paddy straw has chareacteristics which is close to acoustical requirements of panels, besides abundance of availability. These benefits will significantly lowered cost production without significantly reduce the quality. Further research to seek the next step of application of paddy straw as acoustic panels is in conduct. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Kebisingan di sekitar bangunan yang terus meningkat serta naiknya permintaan bahan bangunan yang bersifat akustik untuk keperluan studio pribadi telah menyebabkan kebutuhan bahan bangunan yang bersifat akustik juga meningkat. Namun, bahan semacam ini tidak secara merata terjangkau masyarakat. Penggunaan bahan limbah, salah satunya jerami padi sebagai bahan baku pembuatan panel akustik, diharapkan mampu memenuhi kebutuhan bahan bangunan bersifat akustik dengan kualitas tinggi namun tetap dalam harga bersaing. Jerami padi menjadi bahan yang realistis dipertimbangkan sebagai bahan utama karena ketersediaannya yang melimpah dan sifat-sifat fisik batangnya yang secara teoretis mampu menjadi bahan akustik yang baik. Penelitian lanjutan ke arah pemanfaatan limbah jerami padi sebagai bahan baku panel akustik sedang dilaksanakan. Kata kunci: panel akustik, jerami padi.
      PubDate: 2008-07-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2008)
       
  • PERANCANGAN PASAR IKAN HIGIENIS (PIH) DI REMBANG (Pendekatan Karakteristik
           Budaya Berdagang Masyarakat Pesisir)

    • Authors: Yulianto P. Prihatmaji, Araina Dwi Rustiani
      Abstract: This writing contain the Final Duty scheme process supported by research of Hibah A3 of Architecture UII. Scheme selected is Hygienic Fish Market scheme (PIH) in Rembang, Central Java. Because Rembang Regency which is located in Pantura ( Pantai Utara Jawa - Coastal of North Java) inclusive of one of biggest fishery supply in Central Java. Its Fishery Potency which progressively rapidly grow to make fishery as very promising business farm. Along the increasing of amount of ship arrival in Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai (PPP) Tasikagung mount also activity of fish commerce in the region. Landing, processing and fish marketing become one groove the coherent activity at culture of society of coastal Rembang area. Existence of facility of Place of Fish Auction ( TPI) which is given high priority to all wholesaler felt still less be optimal for society. This PIH is designed PIH with the cultural characteristic approach trade the society of coastal area into its building scheme concept. This characteristic cover the horizontalitas which is in the form of landing activity, unloading till the transportation of fish to TPI and fisherman house, floating market (adrift market) and existence of strong integration between landing activity, processing and fish marketing by home industrial. With the the approach felt able to peep out the building which responsive to tread of about, physical goodness and also social. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penulisan ini akan memaparkan proses perancangan Tugas Akhir yang didukung oleh penelitian Hibah A3 Arsitektur UII. Perancangan yang dipilih adalah perancangan Pasar Ikan Higienis (PIH) di Rembang, Jawa Tengah. Hal ini dikarenakan Rembang yang terletak di jalur Pantura (Pantai Utara Jawa) merupakan salah satu daerah penyuplai hasil perikanan di Jawa Tengah. Potensi perikanannya yang semakin berkembang pesat menjadikan perikanan sebagai lahan bisnis yang sangat menjanjikan. Seiring meningkatnya jumlah kedatangan kapal di Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai (PPP) Tasikagung meningkat pula aktifitas perdagangan ikan di wilayah tersebut. Pendaratan, pengolahan dan pemasaran ikan menjadi satu rentetan alur kegiatan yang melekat pada budaya masyarakat pesisir Rembang. Adanya fasilitas Tempat Pelelangan Ikan (TPI) yang diprioritaskan bagi para tengkulak dirasa masih kurang optimal bagi masyarakat sekitar. PIH ini dirancang dengan pendekatan karakteristik budaya berdagang masyarakat pesisir ke dalam konsep perancangan bangunannya. Karakteristik ini meliputi horizontalitas, floating market (pasar terapung) dan adanya integrasi yang kuat antara kegiatan pengolahan dan pemasaran ikan secara home industri. Dengan pendekatan tersebut dirasa mampu memunculkan bangunan yang responsive terhadap tapak sekitar, baik fisik maupun sosial. Kata kunci: Karakteristik budaya berdagang masyarakat pesisir.
      PubDate: 2008-07-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2008)
       
  • INFORMALITAS DALAM FORMALITAS PADA RUANG TERBUKA PUBLIK (Studi Kasus
           Lapangan Gasibu, Bandung)

    • Authors: RR Dhian Damajani
      Abstract: Gasibu square plays an important role for the Bandung City. At the beginning, this open space was formally designed as part of government complex buildings (Kompleks Gedung Sate). For last ten years, this public space has achieved its ultimate position in its diversity and participants. Various activities such as economic, social, political, cultural and religion held there which are daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly. One of the most interesting activities is The Sunday Market which is probably the biggest Sunday market in Indonesia. This spontaneous market activity is a phenomena of urban vernacular which happened at the other part of the city of Bandung. Discourse in informality and formality of public space become an important issues which has to be treated carefully. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Lapangan Gasibu saat ini memiliki peran yang sangat penting bagi Kota Bandung. Pada awalnya, ruang terbuka ini dirancang sebagai ruang publik formal sebagai bagian dari Kompleks Gedung Sate. Dalam sepuluh tahun terakhir, ruang terbuka publik ini menduduki tempat teratas dalam hal jumlah maupun keragaman aktivitasnya. Beragam kegiatan ekonomi, sosial, politik, budaya termasuk keagamaan diselenggarakan di area ini baik harian, mingguan, maupun bulanan. Salah satu kegiatan yang menarik adalah pasar minggu yang mungkin merupakan pasar minggu terbesar di Indonesia. Pasar yang terjadi secara spontan ini adalah sebuah fenomena urban vernakular yang terjadi pula di bagian lain di Kota Bandung. Saat ini, wacana informalitas dalam formalitas ruang publik menjadi isu penting yang harus ditempatkan pada posisi yang tepat. Kata kunci: informalitas-formalitas; lapangan gasibu; urban-vernakular
      PubDate: 2008-07-07
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2008)
       
 
 
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