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Journal Cover DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur)
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   ISSN (Print) 0126-219X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7858
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  • SCIENTIFIC PLANNING AND SUPPORT INITIATIVE FOR LABORATORY INTENSIVE
           BUILDING: A CASE STUDY IN SINGAPORE

    • Authors: LAMANO Adrian, ZHOU Jian, BABU Sushanth, PAWAR Priya
      Abstract: This paper presents a case study of new multi-tenanted laboratory intensive building in Singapore with the target of energy savings at least 40% better than equivalent code-compliant building and surpasses Building Construction and Authority’s Green Mark Platinum building rating system. Scientific Planning and Support initiative was applied to this building to explore energy efficient strategies. Design charrette was conducted during initial stage to identify feasible, potential and cost-effective measures. Building stakeholders were actively involved throughout the design process, construction and operation to ensure the target can be achieved. Detailed modelling and simulation were performed throughout the design process to verify the proposed strategies. In addition, metering studies were carried out to benchmark office and lab plug load, while measurement study was conducted to verify energy savings through actual implementation device. The total building energy consumption is expected to reduce 44% compared to a code-compliant building on a yearly basis, being the first case study to demonstrate more than 40% energy savings in Singapore. This approach is proven to be the most effective solution to design and build a high performance lab building. It is hoped that the approach and energy efficient measures from this study could be replicable for other high performance building.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS OF A T-45 HOUSE IN KUPANG

    • Authors: LAPENANGGA Apridus, SATWIKO Prasasto
      Abstract: Carbon dioxide (CO2 and CO2e) concentration in the atmosphere steadily increases and, in some places, has passed 360ppm, which is the limiting point agreed by world leaders to slow down and stop global warming. Housing sectors have been claimed to emit significant amounts of CO2. This paper reports a research on the carbon footprint of a T-45 house in Kupang. The research calculated in detail the carbon emission of the house since its pre-construction stage (design process), construction stage, to the post-construction stage (house operation from year one to year 25). The T-45 house was selected as this type is the smallest standard house for a family of three in Indonesia. Literature, survey and analytical methods were adopted. The research found that the longer the house was used, the lower the carbon emission borne by each occupant per year. From year one to year 25, the total carbon emission borne by each occupant decreased from 3,590,793.44 to 145,568.38 kgCO2 per year. The construction stage emits a considerable amount of CO2 so that its carbon footprint still dominates the proportion of carbon emission per year per occupant, 98.61%. In the construction stage, use of cement in the wall and concrete structure works contributes the largest proportion of carbon emission, 96.7%. Therefore, using locally available construction materials, in particular, natural ones with less or zero carbon emission, is highly recommended.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • CULTURAL APPROACH OF SUSTAINABILITY IN DWELLINGS CULTURE RIPARIAN
           COMMUNITY MUSI RIVER PALEMBANG

    • Authors: WICAKSONO Bambang, SISWANTO Ari, KUSDIWANGGO Susilo, ANWAR Widya Fransiska Febriati
      Abstract: Dwelling Riparian is not an archaeological artifacts or ruins of civilization, but the physical figure of communities that are still alive and live. Socially, the Musi River not merely as a means of transport and make a living alone. Moreover Musi River Palembang form of existence of cultural sovereignty. Riverside settlements are not only inherent elegance spatial pattern alone, but also contains exemplary values, philosophy, and belief in the primordial Palembang riverside cultural background and meaning of culture. The goals of this study are, 1) to observe the evolution processes of dwelling culture and to compare the traditional spatial forms and the transformed ones. 2) to emphasize the former attitude and to propose a sustainable strategy for developing the dwelling type by respecting and adopting the traditional culture and historic apologue. The concrete tactics for construction and architectural concepts are proposed in this paper.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • EVALUATION OF REVERBERATION TIME IN THE CLASSROOM (CASE OF CLASSROOM AT
           DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE, UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET)

    • Authors: ISWATI Tri Yuni
      Abstract: This study took place in three rooms in one building, give and take the external conditions were relatively similar. The study aims to observe the level of acoustic comfort and suggest strategies to improve the acoustic comfort by modifying materials and dimensions of the materials. The modification is much needed in practice since the user critize the acoustical comfort of the room. The method applied was simply measuring the condition of the rooms using laser distance meter and sound level meter, taking notes on the characteristic of the material used, and developing simulation based on several modifications in materials and dimensions of the materials. The result of the simulation was then being compared to the standart of reverberation time. The conclusion of the study was made into three points: (1) the acoustic condition in the rooms are indeed not meeting the standart to ensure users’ comfort, (2) the reverberation time is better when additional plasterboard ceiling are built, thus changing the rooms’ dimension; and (3) the noise in each room is not significantly reduced even after the additional ceiling built. The simulation in this study was done through the help of Ecotect 2011.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • HOSPITAL SOUNDSCAPE: ACOUSTICS EVALUATION IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
           (NICU) ROOM OF A NATIONAL HOSPITAL IN JAKARTA, INDONESIA

    • Authors: SARWONO R. Sugeng Joko, WULANDHARI Rezzy Yolanda, HABIBA Sofiya, AZZAHRA Iva Rofiatun Nisa, UTAMI Sentagi Sesotya, HARDJOPRAWITO Tri Juda Airlangga, SEDONO Rudyanto
      Abstract: Acoustics comfort in a room is one of the most important building physics aspect that should be observed. in public spaces like hospital, especially in an intensive care unit such as NICU. Researches on the acoustic conditions of NICU in Indonesia are still limited. The acoustical study conducted in this research is using objective, subjective, and simulation methods based on soundscape concept with the concern on the nurse’s perception. This research was conducted at a national hospital in Jakarta. According to National Standardization Agency of Indonesia (SNI) and World Health Organization (WHO), the suitable sound pressure level (SPL) for noise in patient’s room is 35 dBA. From the study, it was found that the equivalent SPL value exceeded the standard. Soundscape in NICU can be improve with the addition of curtain on the incubator’s side, installation of glass partition, and ceiling absorber in the nurse station area. The result of simulation showed that the SPL in the room decreased with average value 8.9 dBA for sound source alarm ventilator and 8.2 dBA for sound source medical officer conversations. And the speech transmission index (STI) increased from “bad” to “good” range became “fair” to “excellent” range.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • OPTIMIZATION STUDY OF VISUAL COMFORT AND DAYLIGHT AVAILABILITY AT CADL ITB

    • Authors: SIREGAR Mhd. Akbar Anthony, HIBATULLAH Aflin Tris, MANGKUTO Rizki Armanto3, ATMODIPOERO R. Triyogo4
      Abstract: One way to reduce energy consumption in buildings is to use daylighting. However, daylight can cause visual discomfort in the form of glare. Center of Art, Design, and Language (CADL) Institut Teknologi Bandung is a building that has windows on west and east facades, so the probability of glare occurrence is high. In this research, CADL was optimized so that the percentage of time that Daylight Glare Probability below 0.21 (%DGP<0.21) is more than 50% and spatial daylight autonomy with illuminance 150 lux and 50% (sDA150lux,50%) is more than 30%. In the optimization, vertical blinds, horizontal blinds, and curtains were added. Vertical blinds and horizontal blinds were varied by changing the blade’s opening angle and area covering the windows, while curtains were varied only by changing the area covering the windows. The results show that %DGP<0.21 can be increased beyond 50%, but in some rooms, sDA150,50% also decrease below 30%. The most frequent optimum solutions are vertical blinds 75%-60o.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • POPULATION MOBILITY CHARACTERISTIC: NOTES FROM THE URBAN-URBAN INTERACTION
           IN SEMARANG METROPOLITAN REGION

    • Authors: MARDHOTILLAH Santi, S. Sariffuddin
      Abstract: The rapid growth of cities is characterized by the "pressure" in the form of increasingly dense urban areas, slums, traffic congestion, unemployment in the cities, and the number of illegal housing in the suburbs. This issue demonstrates the need for a balance between urban and rural areas. The balance is obtained through the interaction, and the interaction there is a process of "transfer" in the form of the human population, natural resources, and other supporting components. This view of the phenomenon makes many researchers conducting various studies in the context of the interaction between rural and urban. Furthermore, the study of the interaction of cities such as Salatiga and Semarang are in fact joined in the same region, KSN Kedungsepur. Semarang and surrounding developments as Semarang Metropolitan Region (SMR) are the main attraction for the people who are around Semarang that caused an increase in the spatial interactions between Semarang and surrounding areas. From some areas belonging to KSN Kedungsepur, there are only two areas with the status of the city of Semarang city as a centre of KSN and Salatiga. This becomes interesting, unique conditions for studying the phenomenon under study is the interaction of the cities. The method used in this research was a quantitative method with descriptive analysis. Data was collected through a questionnaire survey technique primary by taking a random sample of migrants from Salatiga City and studied at the city of Semarang. The results of the study there were four mobility characteristics formed between Salatiga and Semarang, namely, commuting-boarding, boarding-commuting, boarding and boarding-permanent.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT OF TRADITIONAL CRAFT INDUSTRY IN LOPATI
           TOURISM VILLAGE, YOGYAKARTA

    • Authors: VITASURYA Vincentia Reni, PUDIANTI Anna
      Abstract: Ecotourism has been growing in Yogyakarta that can be seen through the development of rural tourism. The development of rural tourism has positive impact to improve local community’s welfare nevertheless, it has also negative impact onto environmental carrying capacity. Lopati tourism village is located in Bantul, Yogyakarta, relying on traditional craft industry as tourism attraction. Traditional crafts are livelihood of local residents, so that environmental management efforts become part of their daily lives. This research aims to review the roles of community to reduce environmental impacts through analyzing the waste management of traditional craft industry. It used case study method to examine the uniqueness of Lopati village. Data collecting used participatory action research techniques in order to gather information from residents. Community participation acted to anticipate negative impact on development of rural tourism.  Waste management in Lopati committed by local residents not to cause adverse environmental impacts. The result show that waste management based on community participation supports the development of rural tourism.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • THE ROLE OF SOCIAL COHESION AS STRATEGY FOR REDUCING TOURISM SPATIAL
           CONFLICT

    • Authors: SARI Suzanna Ratih, DARMAWAN Edi, WAHYUNINGRUM Sri Hartuti
      Abstract: Borobudur as one of the international tourist’s destination in Indonesia which having compromised their sense of identity before, tourists have their own set of images about tourism destinations. In that destination tourists usually create some tourism activities which needed space to facilitate. Many times such condition caused many problems that lead conflict among the local people. People tried to provide some supporting tourist facilities in order to fulfil the needs of tourist’s activities. People will further utilize some spaces of their village to build tourist facilities. Rich people usually dominated this kind of business. This becomes the fact that many of the fears surrounding tourism are closely associated with a wide range of social problems, especially in terms of determining tourism spatial. Each people tried to collect dollar from tourist as much as possible to provide tourism spatial by ignoring “guyub” and “gotong royong” as traditional principle of their live. This may create disharmony among the society and some people will not get the benefit from tourism activities. Therefore, to learn more detail about the role of “guyub and gotong royong” as social cohesion among people in Borobudur, there is a need to do this research in order to give some recommended strategy to solve thr problem regarding social cohesion and tourism spatial. By using descriptive method, researcher would like to present a case study about that matter in one of tourism village in Borobudur. The output of this research is to give an overview how tourism activities give significant influence towards the power of social cohesion in reducing the appeared conflict. The developed strategy will be used to tighten the relationship among the people, through re-empowering the traditional social cohesion so called ”guyub” and “gotong-royong”. By doing so, it is expected that integrity and cohesiveness in a social structure could always be maintained
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • UNDERSTANDING RESIDENT’ ACTIVITY SYSTEM-IMPROVING QUALITY LIFE: A CASE
           STUDY OF DOME POST DISASTER SETTLEMENT IN NGELEPEN SLEMAN, YOGYAKARTA

    • Authors: SYAM Rachma Marcillia, RATNASARI Anisza Ratnasari
      Abstract: House is not only functioning as a place for shelter, but also for accommodating personal and social activities of its inhabitants. Unfortunately in post quake disaster dome houses Ngelepen, Yogyakarta, the majority of the early settlers must change their behavior and habits that they used to do in their previous environment to adjust the new settlement. These happened because dome housing did not facilitate some activities whether personal or social activities within the house, therefore the activities extended to the outside of the house or even the surrounding environment. This study aims to understand the system activities on the dome house settlement Yogyakarta. In order to get detailed description, quantitative as well as qualitative approach was done through observation of the activities type, when and where the activities conducted. Data collection was done by continuous place centered behavior mapping to know how the occupants use and accommodate their behavior in certain time and specific place. The results of this study showed that daily activities on weekdays and holidays conducted by different group; children, adult and elderly, at different areas and for different type of activities in certain times. The pathways and courtyard of the house mostly used for domestic household activities and leisure as an extension of the social interaction space. In understanding the system activities that occurred, it is expected that this study can contribute to improve the quality of life of people live in a relocation settlement.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • INNOVATION OF BUILDING DESIGN BASED ON PREDICTED MEAN VOTE (PMV) INDEX FOR
           INCREASING HUMAN COMFORT

    • Authors: Sugiono Sugiono
      Abstract: Concerning towards the quality of air comfort and safety to pedestrians in the University area should be increased as Indonesia economics booming. The objective of this study is to investigate and then to evaluate the distribution of thermal comfort at the University of Brawijaya, Malang. The research is started with study literature and early survey to collect all information of building layout and building shape at the University of Brawijaya. The information is used to create a 3D model in CAD software. The model is simulated to measure the PMV factors of air temperature, relative humidity and air speed in some locations. The two scenarios of maintaining the predicted mean vote (PMV) is presented by designing the new building based on air foil shape dimension to keep the wind speed in higher value for pedestrian and by putting the water pool in front of the building to increase the air temperature. As a result, the air foil based design is capable to reduce PMV index in average 0.4 scale and pool design is only reducing PMV index level in 0.001 scale
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • THE INFLUENCE OF WALL COLOR AND LAMP COLOR TEMPERATURE TO STUDENT’S
           CONCENTRATION AND COGNITION

    • Authors: KRISTANTO Luciana, TANUWIDJAJA Gunawan, ELSIANA Fenny Fenny, WIJAYA Nerissa Arviana Nerissa Arviana, WAHONO Eunice
      Abstract: Concentration has an important role in our life, especially in order to get a quality and productivity in working. With concentration we can achieve the maximum and faster result in our work. Some ways to improve concentration that being researched here is by arranging the wall color and the lamp color temperature of the room. The color used as wall color in this research was the blue 9.8B, 7.4/5.6; and the orange 8.1YR, 8.7/3.7 of the Munsell color palette. Whereas the room lighting was the fluorescent lamp in 6500K (cool daylight) and 2700K (warm white) color temperature. Respondents of this research were 117 undergraduate students, the average GPA was 3.28; and 20,26 years as the mean age. The concentration and cognition tests are the Army Alfa test and IST subtest 9 that conducted in the room with different condition. Found in this research that the blue with cool daylight lamp has significant impact to concentration in 2,526 Lickert scale; and that orange with cool daylight lamp has correlation 0.781 to cognition result; but the other conditions have no significancy toward concentration and cognition
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • UNPLANNED SETTLEMENT FORM IN POLONIA VILLAGE MEDAN INDONESIA

    • Authors: MARPAUNG Beny O.Y., LUBIS Khalimah
      Abstract: Urbanization results in the increase of urban facilities and infrastructure needs in urban areas, especially the need for a place to stay. As a result, unplanned settlement is formed. The people living in Polonia Village for example look shabby and some are still living there illegally. The purpose of this research is to discover the form of settlement, the form of the distribution of community residences, the underlying terms and the process of the settlement formation in PoloniaVillage located on the banks of the Babura River. The research methods are qualitative approach in the form of interviews and quantitative approach in the form of a questionnaire. The results of this study are (1) Basically, the process of formation or the history of a settlement affects the settlement itself that it can develop sustainably, (2) The spreading pattern of the residential areas in every neighborhood in Polonia Village is an organic pattern and the road pattern is generally an irregular grid pattern, (3) The local communities’ thoughts play an important role in shaping the physical environment of Polonia Village, and (4) Polonia Village Medan has six patterns of unplanned settlement such as organic pattern, linear pattern, cluster pattern, central corridor pattern, grid pattern, and leapfrogging development pattern. The results of this study can be useful for North Sumatera Department of Settlements and Spatial Planning and for the science development in the field of socio-cultural and morphology
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • MULTI-CRITERIA APPROACH FOR DESIGNING SUSTAINABLE DRAINAGE IN MALANG
           RESIDENTIAL AREA INDONESIA

    • Authors: HAPSARI Ratih Indri, MUNTAHA Yasnuar, EFENDI Medi
      Abstract: Environmentally sound approach for sustainable urban drainage could promote infiltration and lower the risk of flooding. This study presents the framework to evaluate the drainage alternatives considering multiple aspects including water quantity, life cycle cost and amenity. This approach is verified through application at a residential area in Malang city Indonesia. Different combinations of drainage components comprising of drainage channels, infiltration wells and biopore absorption holes are assessed regarding runoff reduction, present value of life cycle cost, and willingness to pay for the convenience. The first part describes the effective designs of sustainable drainage components in the houses as well as in the public spaces of the housing. The second part of this study describes the use of analytic hierarchy process for weight assignment of sustainability criteria and multiple benefit calculation. The study recommends infiltration wells and biopore absorption holes together with drainage channels as the best management practice of sustainable drainage system based on its overall sustainability index.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • BALI TRADITIONAL SETTLEMENT MORPHOLOGY ANALYSIS PENGLIPURAN, KUBU VILLAGE,
           BANGLI REGENCY, BALI PROVINCE

    • Authors: HAKIM Bhanu Rizfa, SETIADI Amos
      Abstract: Morphology settlement based on the traditional Balinese Hindu customs and beliefs that are used in laying out the pattern of settlement and thus creating harmonization .The development of the tourism potential of the Penglipuran village is benefited by the society as an attempt of promoting the uniqueness of the village. Issues raised in this research is how the morphology of the indigenous settlements on village Bali Penglipuran and factors that cause. The methods used in this research were direct observation, in-depth interviews, and mapping the physical environment of the area. This research has found the addition patterns and morphological changes in traditional settlements that are affected by the development of tourism. Hence, This study found the morphological characteristics of the indigenous settlements in Desa Adat Bali Panglipuran in an effort to uphold the order of the tradition
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • BANDUNG JENGKI FROM HERITAGE POINT OF VIEW: DOCUMENTATION AND PRELIMINARY
           SEARCH ON SIGNIFICANCE

    • Authors: WULANDARI Ratri
      Abstract: Jengki architecture is one of Indonesian post-colonial architecture style popular in 1950 to 1970. Most study of Jengki was done in Jakarta, Semarang, and Malang. In Bandung, there is no written record of Jengki identification or documentation found. This paper tries to recognize and document Jengki typology in Bandung as a preliminary study on its presences, and its variant, in the city. It also tries to look at this typology from heritage point of view, whether there is significance in accordance to heritage criteria. Using site survey and Google street view, data were collected and elaborated in table to recognize Jengki traits in a suspected building. Building’s significances were then reviewed using criteria mentioned in local legislation.  It is found that not all suspected Jengki building contain all Jengki traits rather more late modern Indonesian character.  Private buildings were assessed to have less heritage value, while public building retains more. Deeper study and documentation on Jengki in Bandung are still needed to legitimate Jengki as heritage since there is no study ever done previously on this issue
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • CONSIDERING THE ELDERLY’S NEEDS IN DEVELOPING NURSING HOME DESIGN

    • Authors: MANURUNG Parmonangan
      Abstract: Statistics show that the elderly people population has increased every year, which makes the role of the nursing home, becomes very important. However, most nursing home has not been able to meet the needs of the elderly who have different needs due to changes in their physical and psychological abilities. This research was conducted at two nursing homes and aims to find the design changes and design development that occur to accommodate the needs of the elderly. A descriptive qualitative was employed, and in-depth interviews, field observation, literature reviews, and field measurements were conducted for collecting data. The data was coded and analysed using descriptive qualitative content approach. The results showed some changes were developed to meet the needs of the elderly as they experience changes in physical and psychological condition. The original design did not meet the need of elderly residents, therefore some development had been made. Design developments have already met and supported the activities of the elderly residents
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      Issue No: Vol. 43 (2016)
       
  • DAYLIGHTING PERFORMANCE OF HORIZONTAL LIGHT PIPE BRANCHING ON OPEN PLAN
           OFFICE SPACE

    • Authors: Feny ELSIANA, Sri Nastiti EKASIWI, I Gusti Ngurah ANTARYAMA
      Abstract: For daylighting purpose, office buildings should have a shallow plan and increase the ratio of surface to building’s volume. However, intensive use of air-conditioning drives office building’s plan to be deep with a minimum surface to volume ratio. This leads to the presence of areas that have insufficient daylight level at the work plane. Considering limitations of some daylighting methods in distributing daylight to these areas, Horizontal Light Pipe (HLP) was selected. The aim of this research was to evaluate and explain the effect of HLP branching on daylight quantity and distribution inside open plan office space. Experimental with simulation as a tool was used as the research method. HLP branching’s uniformity ratio, illuminance and Daylight Factor were compared with unbranching HLP, simultaneously with daylighting standards. Results showed that office space with HLP-L branching had higher daylight level than HLP-T branching, 296 lux and 295 lux, HLP-L and HLP-T, respectively. However, HLP-T branching distributed daylight more evenly than HLP-L branching, with uniformity ratio as 1.49:1 and 1.50:1, HLP-T and HLP-L, respectively. Both of them met the illuminance target value and uniformity at work plane. Light’s deflection and improvement amount of opening distribution decreased average illuminance and Daylight Factor up to 3.59%. Those also decreased uniformity of daylight inside the space.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • DISASTER MITIGATION APPROACH OF URBAN GREEN STRUCTURE CONCEPT IN COASTAL
           SETTLEMENT

    • Authors: Fuady MIRZA
      Abstract: Coastal settlement of Banda Aceh in the north of Sumatera Island has high potential risk of tsunami disaster. In the year 2004, half of Banda Aceh city has been destroyed by tsunami disaster, especially its coastal settlement area. Based on this experience, the approach of disaster mitigation concept for coastal settlement with vision of environment represent wise choice on planning sustainable Banda Aceh for future generation. This qualitative research try to explore the role of green open space as green structure of the city by considering aspect of tsunami disaster mitigation for coastal settlement of Banda Aceh. This research will evaluate the existence of green open space and post disaster reconstruction of coastal settlement area. Result of this research is green structure concept in coastal settlement of Banda Aceh based on tsunami disaster mitigation and expected to contribute ideas for disaster mitigation in other coastal settlement areas.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • REDUCING SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF NORTH-SOUTH BUSINESS CORRIDORS IN
           YOGYAKARTA

    • Authors: Prasasto SATWIKO, Winnie MICHELLE
      Abstract: The heat island has made the warm-humid climate city of Yogyakarta thermally more uncomfortable, which induces its people to depend more on energy consuming air conditioners. Business corridors are constructed from building walls and roofs, pedestrian paths, the streets and the vegetation, which convert solar radiation into heat. Infrared mappings of the four north-south axis business corridors of Yogyakarta found that streets and vehicles have their temperatures higher than the air temperature. Exception is at Gejayan St., where the street’s temperature is close to the air temperature. This street has rows of trees on its median, which effectively shades the street. Further study on Gejayan St. using a computer simulation method confirms that columnar and spreading form trees can reduce incident solar radiation on the street surface by, respectively, 13.35% and 22.02%. Putting creeping plants on pergolas reduce incident solar radiation on the west and the east walls by, respectively, 37.05% and 37.45%.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • GENDERED SPACE IN WEST SUMBA TRADITIONAL HOUSES

    • Authors: Esti Asih NURDIAH, Altrerosje ASRI, Agus Dwi HARIYANTO
      Abstract: Rendell stated that gender representation underlined the production of space in architecture both symbolically and functionally in certain cultures (Rendell et al. 2000). Thus, an exploration on the spatial functionality of traditional houses could show how cultural gender rules and roles generate the spatial arrangements. This empirical research explored the traditional houses in two kampongs: Tarung and Ratenggaro of West Sumba, Indonesia, which spaces are divided into two distinct spaces: male’s space and female’s space, each with its own entrance. This firm division leads to the questions on its relation with the traditional gender roles are represented inside the house. Interestingly, the spatial arrangement is not intended to create separation between men and women inside the house or to pose that the status and roles of men are higher than those of women. The research found that the space separation actually is a manifestation of the dynamic roles of male and female members of the house and the circular arrangement of the space around the fireplace at the centre of the house follows the dynamic of gender duality in Sumba culture.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • HOSPITAL’S WALL COLOUR IMPACT ON STROKE PATIENTS’ WARD USERS
           IN SURABAYA

    • Authors: Tanuwidjaja GUNAWAN, Luciana KRISTANTO, Feny ELSIANA, Juniar YUSANI, Maria Marsha HARYOGO, Sastra BUDIHARDJA
      Abstract: The Cardiovascular diseases have become the top killer since 1970 worldwide. In 2005, it was recorded the present of 5.7 million stroke survivors. On the other hand, healing stroke and its related complications required much more considerable time. So the patients’ wards quality especially related to wall colour become very important for the patients' recovery. The study was conducted with exploratory methods combining visual methods of research and Luscher colour test. Series of interviews were conducted to gather the users’ perception. So, it was found on that blue wall colour calmed the medical personals, patients, and their family. The most soothing Blue colour variant according to respondents was the Artic Blue (hue 9.8 B, value 7.4 and chroma 5.6).
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
 
 
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