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Journal Cover   DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur)
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0126-219X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7858
   Published by Petra Christian University Homepage  [7 journals]
           Image Based on the Development of Marginal Society

    • Authors: Paulus Bawole
      Abstract: As human beings the poor people in informal settlements also have the right to live better like any other well-off people. Although the government regards them as illegal, they demonstrate great ingenuity in developing their residential neighborhoods. Public spaces are the living room for the people living in the informal settlements - the place where people come to enjoy their settlement. The strategy of sustainable development for informal settlements can be carried out well if the inhabitants are involved at the whole development process. In 2006 the population of Surabaya city was 2,716,971 people. An experience about urban upgrading in informal settlement along Wonokromo riverbank, Surabaya shows how the program implemented can improve the living quality of the inhabitants. With the program of Community Total Participation, the physical problems of the settlements can be reduced gradually. This paper will discuss the action research which tries to involve the inhabitants through total participatory strategy. The qualitative and quantitative data will be analyzed in order to find conclusions and to recommend alternative solutions.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)

    • Authors: FADAIRO Gabriel, TAIWO Abraham
      Abstract: There is a wide range of demand on Lagos as an urban centre and pragmatic approaches to complement the urbanization process and its attendant problems need urgent attention. The dynamism of Lagos as an urban centre cannot be stopped, but precautionary measures can be taken to nip the bud in the anticipated fallouts of this trend. The paper examines the urbanization, housing and the dearth of infrastructure in Lagos. Although the city of Lagos has over the years sprawled and has become a mega city, with the symptoms of urbanization being inadequately supplied. The paper further examines the provision of infrastructure in Lagos in the last decade. The government had commenced a total rebirth of the entire gamut of decay and social disintegration through the provisions of basic infrastructure. Projects executed by the state government with respect to urbanization, housing and infrastructure were examined. And recommendations on how to further meet future challenges in Lagos with regard to urbanization were proffered
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)

    • Authors: Eunike Kristi Julistiono
      Abstract: This paper presents the application of non-routine structural patterns as the pattern of the vertical buildings’ perimeter structure to increase the structural performance of the structure. Realising the limitations of the orthogonal pattern, and the current trends to use non-routine patterns, the optimality of three non-routine patterns found in nature and recent building designs are examined. Medium and high-rise buildings are taken as the case studies to observe distinct behaviour of the patterns under different loading condition. Best solutions from distinct patterns are produced by utilising CAD modelling and structural design and optimisation software. Multi-criteria decision making framework is then used to evaluate the performance of the solutions in terms of efficiency, economy, expressiveness and environmental sustainability. The result shows that among the three patterns examined, the triangular pattern can produce optimum structures.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)

    • Authors: Aldrin Yusuf Firmansyah
      Abstract: The aim of the research is to examine the context of the Willemsplein development. Willemsplein was a public urban-square in Dutch c¬o¬lonial era (plein) at Jembatan Merah area. Willemsplein, which in the following time became Surabaya urban heritage, changes into a private me¬¬mo¬rial park which is known as Taman Jayeng¬rono (Jayengrono Park). The context of this park is the most important aspect in the urban-square de¬¬velopment be¬cause the attainment of the suitability and continuity of the visual-formal, memory, and meaning of the urban-square arrangement implicitely shows certain character. The research method is a qualitative des¬crip¬tive method which is implied to analyze the comparation of the arrangement of Jayengrono Park in the past and at present in three phases. The first phase is the identification of the chronological formation of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the historical period suitability (diachronic reading) towards the phy¬sical arrangement (synchronic reading). The second phase is the identification of the proportion of Jayengrono Park by using the analysis technique of the measurement of the square-proportion ratio. The last phase is the iden¬tification of the place by using the analysis technique of simulation. The research shows that the Willems¬ple¬in arrangement combines the classical European open-square arrangement of the two development centers in Italy and France through the usage of the sequences of streets, rivers and bridges and the usage of the street axes as the mathematical result of the square proportion. The deletion of the intagible identitiy in Willemsplein shows that the character context cannot be attained; or it can be interpreted as the loss of the identity of the cu¬l¬tural reservation in the development of Jayengrono Park. Concurrently, it means that the development of Ja¬yeng¬rono Park is merely as an urban green open-square.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)

    • Authors: Isfa Sastrawati
      Abstract: Self-support stilt-houses at the coastal area have environment characteristics that are different from inland houses, and they have the disaster potentiality such as hurricanes, tidal waves, abrasion, earthquakes, and even tsunami. The stilt houses are very adaptable to climatic conditions and coastal disasters. The shape of the stilt houses at the coastal area must comply with aspects of safety, security, comfort, and health. This paper examines the characteristics of the stilt houses at the coastal area of Cambaya, Makassar, especially in terms of safety and security aspects. The aspects of safety and security include the resistance of the building construction towards disasters. Along with the development of the urban area, the demanding needs and limited financial-abilities, the owners of the houses at the Cambaya coastal area develop their houses by utilizing the empty space at the coastal area and the space under floor of the stilt house. The change of the building shape gives an effect on the poor quality of the building, building safety, and security. However, there are several stilt houses at Cambaya which could reduce the impacts of disasters on the safety of the residents through their local wisdom.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)
           MALAYSIA A case study of a 10 storied building R.C.C flat rooftop at UTM,
           Johor Bahru, Malaysia

    • Authors: Rumana Rashid, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmed
      Abstract: In tropical countries rooftop greenery is more sympathetic to the prevailing climate and provides comfortable indoor environment. This paper analyses the above hypothesis on a 10 storied residential apartments in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). The analysis of actual performance of the rooftop greenery can provide the information on effectiveness of its application on contemporary houses for tropical climate in Malaysia. Empirical studies have been performed an internal and external roof surface, where temperature and air temperature were measured for a period of three days in two phases. The first phase of measurement was carried out when the rooftop was empty. After the rooftop greenery was built then the second phase of measurement was conducted. Expected findings of the research are that the green rooftop will tend to experience lower surface temperature than the original exposed roof surface. So this research work will provide an introduction or preliminary guide line for thermally responsive architecture on the basis of thermal performance of the rooftop greenery system. Temperature is the main criteria of human comfort. To provide an indoor comfortable environment through the greening of the rooftop of the building is more appropriate in the tropical climate of Malaysia.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)

    • Authors: Nedyomukti Imam Syafii, Steve Kardinal Jusuf, Wong Nyuk Hien
      Abstract: As an industrialized country at the crossroads of Asian shipping lanes, Singapore is not spared from the threat of increasing CO2 emissions. In an effort to document the existence of this phenomenon, field measurements were conducted to study and quantify the spatial variability of CO2 levels in the near-surface air of an integrated business park: One-North, Singapore. The result, a weekday-weekend comparison analysis, showed that traffic volumes influenced CO2 concentration predominantly. However, suburban vegetation moderated the CO2 concentration during the daytime. The magnitude of morning peaks and evening build-up were largely dependent on the traffic within the source area at the time of the measurement. All zones showed that the lowest mean CO2 concentration over One-North area is at the weekend, due to the drop on vehicular traffic and human activities. In particular, the present of lush greenery are notably able to further moderate the low-atmosphere CO2 concentration.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2010)

    • Authors: Rumana Rashid, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmad
      Abstract: A contemporary house located within a dense area of Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh was selected to evaluate its thermal performance. The study was based on the field measurements conducted during selected days in the summer period. The field survey was conducted using one set of thermal data logger installed in the selected house to record the air temperature and relative humidity of both indoor and outdoor spaces. The research result concluded that the contemporary house experienced much higher temperature during night and early morning. The indoor air temperature during the daytime was equal to the outdoor or sometime higher illustrating that it was overheating. On the other hand, previous study on traditional house within the same area showed that indoor air temperature was lower than outdoor air temperature, something that the contemporary house failed to achieve.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2010)

    • Authors: Aswin Indraprastha
      Abstract: Since the beginning, mathematics courses are inherent within architecture education. In Indonesia, the legacy from Dutch education system has influenced most of the architectural schools and this courses stand as one of basic engineering courses for architecture education system. This situation has been remaining well adopted until recently, some of architectural schools are tailoring mathematics to shape with contemporary challenges particularly regards to the digital tools. This paper aims to present brief information about mathematics courses in architectural schools in Indonesia, the importance of mathematics in learning digital design tools and propose thoughts to upgrade mathematics content in architectural education towards new emerging design tools.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2010)

    • Authors: Bani Noor Muchamad, Naimatul Aufa
      Abstract: The government of South Kalimantan has planned to reconstruct Banjarese palace based on the evidence of its glory in the past. This plan has firstly been conducted through the search of Banjarese kingdom location. This research itself is aimed to obtain the architecture representation of Banjarese palace, which is part of the search of Banjarese kingdom location. Based on literature study, it is concluded that the architecture representation of Banjarese palace is identical with that of one of Banjarese traditional houses, which is high ridge house. The field study shows that there are only 16 high ridge houses left in South Kalimantan. Furthermore, based on the typology analysis, Banjarese palace in representation of high ridge house has at least 5 (five) rooms, which are: pelataran (veranda), panampik (guest room), paledangan (living room), anjung (west and east wing), and padapuran (kitchen). Besides the rooms, the palace also has distinctive features, such as the cacak burung-shaped floor plan, anjung, and the shape of the roof (sindang langit, bubungan, the anjung roof, and hambin awan). Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Adanya rencana dari pemerintah provinsi Kalimantan Selatan untuk merekonstruksi kembali istana kerajaan Banjar adalah didasarkan bukti kebesaran kerajaan Banjar pada masa lalu. Dan untuk rencana ini, telah dimulai melalui studi pencarian lokasi kerajaan Banjar. Adapun penelitian ini sendiri, bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran wujud arsitektur istana kerajaan Banjar yang merupakan satu kesatuan dengan studi pencarian lokasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi kasus. Berdasar hasil studi kepustakaan, diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa wujud arsitektur istana kerajaan Banjar identik dengan bangunan yang saat ini dikenal sebagai rumah bubungan tinggi. Melalui penelusuran di lapangan diperoleh 16 buah rumah bubungan tinggi yang masih tersisa di Kalimantan Selatan. Selanjutnya dari hasil analisis tipologi, diperoleh gambaran bahwa istana kerajaan Banjar dalam wujud rumah bubungan tinggi memiliki setidaknya 5 (lima) jenis ruang, yaitu; pelataran, panampik, paledangan, anjung, dan padapuran. Selain itu denah bangunan yang berbentuk cacak burung, keberadaan anjung, dan bentuk atap (sindang langit, bubungan, atap anjung, dan hambin awan) merupakan ciri khasnya. Kata kunci: istana, kerajaan banjar, rumah bubungan tinggi
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2010)

    • Authors: Christina E. Mediastika
      Abstract: A series of study to explore possibility in using paddy-straw as main material to construct cheap and high quality panels has been developed. Prior to this study, laboratory research to examine strength of compression and tensile of the panels have been conducted, which is showed a significant value for a non-structural panel. The compression is 15 N/mm2 and tensile averaged at 0,5 N/mm2 . In this study, acoustic properties of the panels is to be examined, i.e.: transmission loss (TL), absorption coefficient (), and reverberation time (RT60). The test showed TL of 10 dB and 16 dB,  of 0,4 and 0,8 and improve RT60 from 0,88 sec to 0,35 sec and 0,16 sec (500 Hz is used for reference). Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Ketersediaan panel pelapis dinding yang bersifat akustik dengan harga yang lebih terjangkau seperti yang terbuat dari bahan limbah sangatlah penting. Pada penelitian awal telah diselidiki penggunaan jerami sebagai bahan baku pembuatan panel akustik, sekaligus telah dilakukan pengujian terhadap kareakteristik struktural (uji desak dan lentur) dari panel tersebut. Dari uji kekuatan struktural, panel memiliki kekuatan desak mencapai 15 N/mm2 dan kuat lentur reta-rata 0,5 N/mm2. Kekuatan ini dianggap mencukupi bagi panel non-struktural yang hanya bertugas untuk memikul beban sendiri. Oleh karena tujuan awal pembuatan panel adalah untuk kepentingan akustik, maka pada penelitian lanjutan, dilakukan uji laboratorium dan lapangan untuk melihat karakterisktik akustiknya. Adapun pengujian meliputi: redaman/insulasi (TL), koefisien serap () dan waktu dengung (RT60). Dari hasil pengujian, panel mempunyai TL 10 dB dan 16 dB,  0,4 dan 0,8, serta mampu memperbaiki RT60 ruangan dari 0,88 detik menjadi 0,35 detik dan 0,16 detik. Kesemua pengujian menggunakan band frekuensi 500 Hz sebagai acuan. Kata kunci: panel jerami, insulasi, koefisien serap, waktu dengung.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2010)

    • Authors: Sayed Mahathir, Yulianto P. Prihatmaji
      Abstract: Pesantren's library is core of learning process in Islamic Boarding School. Re-design idea of pesantren's library for gender segregate based on two conditions. First is role of forbidden interaction between male and female in pesantren. Second is amount of user is increase after building function mix used. It is approximately 3,000 students and located in limited site. Base on observation and literature study, popular hijab (segregation) using distance hijab type for maxi function of segregation. The condition is not running well in limited site, so it is need design for create hijab of gender zone. The visual simulation result of hollow material (mashrabiyya) for hijab gender zone is showed that good work and effective. Effectiveness of material is caused the material can visual segregate gender zone without large space. The condition is required difference quantity of light and distance of view. The condition can not apply in interior building, so we use hollow material with dual layer or wrecked pattern. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Perpustakaan pesantren merupakan jantung penunjang kegiatan belajar mengajar di Pesantren. Gagasan redesain perpustakaan pesantren Madrasah Ulumul Quran di kota Langsa dengan strategi pemisahan zona gender, didasari oleh (i) larangan interaksi antar gender (santriwan dan santriwati) di lingkungan pesantren kecuali muhrimnya (sedarah), (ii) jumlah pengguna bangunan pasca redesain memicu kuantitas pengguna dalam jumlah yang cukup besar (≤3000 santri), dan (iii) terletak di atas site yang cukup sempit (±1800m2). Berdasarkan studi literatur dan observasi, hijab yang berfungsi maksimal sebagai pemisah zona gender adalah jarak, akan tetapi tidak optimal pada lahan sempit, sehingga dibutuhkan perancangan efektifitas hijab zona gender. Hasil simulasi daya akses visual material perlubangan (Mashrabiyya) sebagai hijab gender menunjukkan material jenis ini efektif (tidak butuh banyak ruang) dalam memisahkan (secara visual) zona gender dengan persyaratan yaitu, perbedaan cahaya dan jarak pandang. syarat ini tidak dapat diaplikasikan pada interior, sehingga perancangan ini menggunakan material perlubangan dengan sistem konstruksi dua panel perlubangan atau pola acak. Kata kunci: perpustakaan, hijab gender, mashrabiyya (material perlubangan), simulasi.
      PubDate: 2010-05-03
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2010)
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