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Journal Cover DIMENSI (Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0126-219X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7858
   Published by Petra Christian University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • HOSPITAL’S WALL COLOUR IMPACT ON STROKE PATIENTS’ WARD USERS
           IN SURABAYA

    • Authors: Tanuwidjaja GUNAWAN, Luciana KRISTANTO, Feny ELSIANA, Juniar YUSANI, Maria Marsha HARYOGO, Sastra BUDIHARDJA
      Abstract: The Cardiovascular diseases have become the top killer since 1970 worldwide. In 2005, it was recorded the present of 5.7 million stroke survivors. On the other hand, healing stroke and its related complications required much more considerable time. So the patients’ wards quality especially related to wall colour become very important for the patients' recovery. The study was conducted with exploratory methods combining visual methods of research and Luscher colour test. Series of interviews were conducted to gather the users’ perception. So, it was found on that blue wall colour calmed the medical personals, patients, and their family. The most soothing Blue colour variant according to respondents was the Artic Blue (hue 9.8 B, value 7.4 and chroma 5.6).
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • GENDERED SPACE IN WEST SUMBA TRADITIONAL HOUSES

    • Authors: Esti Asih NURDIAH, Altrerosje ASRI, Agus Dwi HARIYANTO
      Abstract: Rendell stated that gender representation underlined the production of space in architecture both symbolically and functionally in certain cultures (Rendell et al. 2000). Thus, an exploration on the spatial functionality of traditional houses could show how cultural gender rules and roles generate the spatial arrangements. This empirical research explored the traditional houses in two kampongs: Tarung and Ratenggaro of West Sumba, Indonesia, which spaces are divided into two distinct spaces: male’s space and female’s space, each with its own entrance. This firm division leads to the questions on its relation with the traditional gender roles are represented inside the house. Interestingly, the spatial arrangement is not intended to create separation between men and women inside the house or to pose that the status and roles of men are higher than those of women. The research found that the space separation actually is a manifestation of the dynamic roles of male and female members of the house and the circular arrangement of the space around the fireplace at the centre of the house follows the dynamic of gender duality in Sumba culture.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • REDUCING SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF NORTH-SOUTH BUSINESS CORRIDORS IN
           YOGYAKARTA

    • Authors: Prasasto SATWIKO, Winnie MICHELLE
      Abstract: The heat island has made the warm-humid climate city of Yogyakarta thermally more uncomfortable, which induces its people to depend more on energy consuming air conditioners. Business corridors are constructed from building walls and roofs, pedestrian paths, the streets and the vegetation, which convert solar radiation into heat. Infrared mappings of the four north-south axis business corridors of Yogyakarta found that streets and vehicles have their temperatures higher than the air temperature. Exception is at Gejayan St., where the street’s temperature is close to the air temperature. This street has rows of trees on its median, which effectively shades the street. Further study on Gejayan St. using a computer simulation method confirms that columnar and spreading form trees can reduce incident solar radiation on the street surface by, respectively, 13.35% and 22.02%. Putting creeping plants on pergolas reduce incident solar radiation on the west and the east walls by, respectively, 37.05% and 37.45%.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • DISASTER MITIGATION APPROACH OF URBAN GREEN STRUCTURE CONCEPT IN COASTAL
           SETTLEMENT

    • Authors: Fuady MIRZA
      Abstract: Coastal settlement of Banda Aceh in the north of Sumatera Island has high potential risk of tsunami disaster. In the year 2004, half of Banda Aceh city has been destroyed by tsunami disaster, especially its coastal settlement area. Based on this experience, the approach of disaster mitigation concept for coastal settlement with vision of environment represent wise choice on planning sustainable Banda Aceh for future generation. This qualitative research try to explore the role of green open space as green structure of the city by considering aspect of tsunami disaster mitigation for coastal settlement of Banda Aceh. This research will evaluate the existence of green open space and post disaster reconstruction of coastal settlement area. Result of this research is green structure concept in coastal settlement of Banda Aceh based on tsunami disaster mitigation and expected to contribute ideas for disaster mitigation in other coastal settlement areas.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • DAYLIGHTING PERFORMANCE OF HORIZONTAL LIGHT PIPE BRANCHING ON OPEN PLAN
           OFFICE SPACE

    • Authors: Feny ELSIANA, Sri Nastiti EKASIWI, I Gusti Ngurah ANTARYAMA
      Abstract: For daylighting purpose, office buildings should have a shallow plan and increase the ratio of surface to building’s volume. However, intensive use of air-conditioning drives office building’s plan to be deep with a minimum surface to volume ratio. This leads to the presence of areas that have insufficient daylight level at the work plane. Considering limitations of some daylighting methods in distributing daylight to these areas, Horizontal Light Pipe (HLP) was selected. The aim of this research was to evaluate and explain the effect of HLP branching on daylight quantity and distribution inside open plan office space. Experimental with simulation as a tool was used as the research method. HLP branching’s uniformity ratio, illuminance and Daylight Factor were compared with unbranching HLP, simultaneously with daylighting standards. Results showed that office space with HLP-L branching had higher daylight level than HLP-T branching, 296 lux and 295 lux, HLP-L and HLP-T, respectively. However, HLP-T branching distributed daylight more evenly than HLP-L branching, with uniformity ratio as 1.49:1 and 1.50:1, HLP-T and HLP-L, respectively. Both of them met the illuminance target value and uniformity at work plane. Light’s deflection and improvement amount of opening distribution decreased average illuminance and Daylight Factor up to 3.59%. Those also decreased uniformity of daylight inside the space.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 42 (2016)
       
  • THERMAL ADAPTATION, CAMPUS GREENING AND OUTDOOR USE IN LAUTECH CAMPUS,
           OGBOMOSO, NIGERIA

    • Authors: Joseph Adeniran ADEDEJI, Yekeen Olayiwola BELLO, Joseph Akinlabi FADAMIRO
      Abstract: The interwoven relationship between the use of indoors and outdoors in the tropics as means of thermal adaptation has long been recognized. In the case of outdoors, this is achieved by green intervention of shading trees as adaptive mechanisms through behavioural thermoregulation. Unfortunately, the indoor academic spaces of LAUTECH campus was not provided with necessary outdoor academic learning environment in the general site planning of the campus for use at peak indoor thermal dissatisfaction period considering the tropical climatic setting of the university. The students’ departmental and faculty associations tried to provide parks for themselves as alternatives which on casual observation are of substandard quality and poorly maintained because of lack of institutional coordination and low funding. This study examined the quality and use of these parks for thermal comfort through behavioral adjustment from subjective field evidence with the goal of improvement. To achieve this, twelve parks were selected within the campus. Questionnaires containing use and quality variables were administered randomly upon 160 users of these parks. The data obtained was subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Results show that the quality of the parks, weather condition, period of the day, and personal psychological reasons of users has great influence on the use of the parks. The study concludes with policy recommendations on improvement of the quality of the parks and the campus outdoors and greenery in general.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • INDOOR THERMAL CONDITION OF FACTORY BUILDING IN BANGLADESH

    • Authors: Muhammed Abdullah Al Sayem Khan, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad, Tareef Hayat Khan
      Abstract: Bangladesh is a developing country and has a lot of factories for different products for local use and also export to abroad. Garments industries are one of the top most items of exported items. A huge number of populations are working in garments industries. But these factories are not well designed in sense of the thermal environment. Workers experiences sickness related to indoor environment. The productions of these factories are affected due to employees’ health condition. The research is done in two different methods. One is empirical data collection using thermal data loggers and the other is questionnaire survey on the spots for three factory buildings. The field study was conducted in four different months of the same year during winter and summer period. Expected findings of this research are that the indoor environment is not comfortable for works at day time during summer season. This research will help the factory workers in providing a comfortable thermal environment and also help the employers or factory owners to increase their production margin.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • PELESTARIAN KAWASAN PECINAN KEMBANG JEPUN KOTA SURABAYA BERDASARKAN
           PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT

    • Authors: Kartika Eka Sari, Antariksa ., Eddi Basuki Kurniawan
      Abstract: This research’s objective are to identify physical, economic and culture characteristic of Kembang Jepun, analyze potention and issue related to Kembang Jepun’s preservation and develop Kembang Jepun’s preservation. Local communities’s perception is use to analyze cultural meaning of Kembang Jepun, especially building’s age, aesthetic, scarcity, originality, strengthen the cultural meaning and area’s image. Based on IPA (Importance Performance Analysis) method, most priority for cultural meanings (scale 3) in determining building’s preservation strategy in Kembang Jepun is to strengthen the cultural meaning (the original bulding’s function in maintained), Area’s image (building;s character is repeated dominantly, community’s landmark and the function is suitable with Kembang Jepun’s character). Cultural meaning that have scale 2 are aesthetic, scarcity and cultural meaning that have scale 1 are building’s age and originality. Scales of cultural meanings (1 to 3) is combine with buildings’s value and the result are: 11 ancient building for preservation’s strategy, 34 ancient buildings for conservation’s strategy, 27 ancient buildings for revitalitation’s strategy and 17 ancient buildings for rehabilitation’s strategy.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • MEMAHAMI RELASI KONSEP FUNGSI, BENTUK DAN MAKNA ARSITEKTUR RUMAH TINGGAL
           MASYARAKAT KOTA PESISIR UTARA DI KAWASAN JAWA TIMUR (Kasus Studi Rumah
           Tinggal di Kampung Karangturi dan Kampung Sumber Girang, Lasem)

    • Authors: Bachtiar Fauzy, Antariksa ., Purnama Salura
      Abstract: Housing architecture in the Kampong Chinatown Karangturi - Lasem located in the North Coast of Java was the architecture of the Chinese community that had the character of the Chinese architectural style, this phenomenon is reinforced by the data entry of Chinese culture that took place since the 13th century. This study revealed how to understand the concept relation of function, form and meaning of urban housing architecture in the North Coast region of East Java. Case study looked at the extent of housing architecture in the Kampong Sumber Girang, Lasem as clients affected by the housing architecture in Kampung Karangturi as a patron. This study took the method of structuralism and typomorphology approach to unravel the phenomenon of urban coastal architecture concept of relation. The results of this study showed that to understand the concept relations of function, form and meaning of coastal architecture could be determined through the study of Javanese human behavior concept of relation, which at the end revealed the surface structure and deep structures of coastal architecture.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • ACHIEVING PAKIS’S THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AS ARCHITECTURAL BUILDING
           THERMAL RESISTANT BY GUARDED STEADY-STATE HOTBOX METHOD:PART 1

    • Authors: Danny Santoso Mintorogo, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad
      Abstract: Thermal conductivity of various materials which are mostly listed available as building or industrial materials in reference books and websites; but one will hardly find out for every new material, and has to be observed and try out itself if we want to know the new thermal conductivity value (k). Nonetheless with new substanct likes pakis-stem blocks that come from natural tree that could be found in the tropical woodland of Indonesia. Steady-state homogeneous temperature applied with hotbox method in an uninfluent environment likes guarded laboratory environment is the right method to obtain the thermal conductivity and resistance of porousness and semi-solidness of the pakis-stem blocks. After investigating almost 24 hours with controller TRSYS01 applying with ASTM C1155, physical semi-solid pakis blocks tend to be more easy to obtain the R-value, k-value, and surface temperatures than the porous pakis. The porous pakis blocks were tend to unstable during the test due to its physical permeable condition. The resistant values (R-value) and thermal conductivity (k) values will be further published on the following discussion of pakis thermal conductivity part 2.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • STUDI REDUKSI BUNYI PADA MATERIAL INSULASI ATAP ZINCALUME

    • Authors: Luciana Kristanto, Handoko Sugiharto, Adrian Dwi Atmojo, Leonardus Budi Darmawan Loekito
      Abstract: Sound Reduction Study of Insulator of Zinc-alume Metal-roofing. Metal roofing is a common upper-structure of wide-span building. The metal material usually used as roof covering is zinc-alume; which has better performance in strength, easy-construction and its durability than other metal material. Although it has good structural performance, its performance as a sound reduction to reduce noise to the room beneath still need to be studied further. Therefore this research aimed to study how zinc-alume and its insulator perform through air-borne noise, besides structure-borne/impact noise. Insulator has been studied here are the Orca-zinc coating, glasswool, rockwool and styrofoam. The measurement done in a reverberation chamber, with pink noise source in 125 Hz- 4000 Hz frequency.
      PubDate: 2012-09-28
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • THE MORPHOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK OF THE CHINESE AND THE EUROPEAN DISTRICTS IN
           SURABAYA, 1787-2005

    • Authors: Timoticin Kwanda
      Abstract: Recently, the phenomena of economic boom during the 1990s have led to the physical restructuring within the old centre of Surabaya. The changes is inevitable, thus the real issue is how to find the elements of persistent, constraining development to some degree that could be applied to influence future development. The objective of the research is to understand the impact of intervention, and to find the typo-morphological framework in the European and the Chinese quarters, from 1787 to 2005 for future development. A synchronic and a diachronic method is applied to understand the old town centre historical development, and the relationship between building type and urban fabric. The result shows three different degrees of persistent. The town plan of the Chinese and the European districts show a notable persistence. However the land utilization is less persistent especially in the European district such as the first and the second city wall were replaced by roads, and the first and the second fort were replaced by open space and residential uses. Finally, the buildings fabric shows a drastic change such as most of the nineteenth century Indische buildings have been replaced by the 1920s modern buildings.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION AND INFORMAL SECTOR IN SHAPING THE CITY: CASE STUDY
           AHMEDABAD-INDIA

    • Authors: Rully Damayanti
      Abstract: Industrial activity is a prime determinant in shaping city size and growth opportunities especially in developing country, like India. Since industrialization started in Ahmedabad in 1950s, the city becomes larger and larger in terms of population and size. The growth of Ahmedabad city is highly affected by three urban generators on eastern part of the city. The research’ aim is to identify and analyze the urban shape caused by the industrial activities and business activity that occupy public areas and streets. Since industrial activities became urban generators to change the use of land, from agriculture into developed land, it has affected the physical morphology of the urban areas. The research found that the existence of informal sector on these areas give an idea that industrial activity not only causes the change of land occupation, but also encourages the growth of informal commercial activity.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • THE “DUO”, BUILDING SETBACK AND LANDSCAPE QUALITY: LAUTECH
           (NIGERIA) NEIGHBOURHOOD EXAMINED

    • Authors: ADEDEJI Joseph Adeniran, FADAMIRO Joseph Akinlabi
      Abstract: The subjects, building setbacks and landscape quality, can be considered as “duo” in view of their interwoven relationships as major determinants of open space quality in residential neighbourhoods. In view of the numerous benefits and functions of residential open spaces, these were examined in LAUTECH neighbourhood. The purpose was to assess the compliance level of these land use and outdoor quality variables with the Nigerian planning regulations to guide future developments in these sprawling neighbourhoods. A total sample size of 150 buildings was selected from the study population using stratified method. Direct measurement and observation of these variables was carried out. Result of a descriptive statistical analysis of the data obtained shows that there is a general poor conformity of setbacks, width of access roads and nature of fence to planning standards. These negatively affect building massing and the non-standard open spaces left were poorly landscaped. There were correlations between building setbacks and landscape quality. The result informed recommendations on these subjects for neighbourhoods that abut institutional campuses in general.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • PRIMARY STAGE OF PAKIS-STEM-BLOCK SYSTEM AS THERMAL PROTECTIVE TO FLAT
           BARE CONCRETE ROOFTOP IN TROPICAL CLIMATE OF SURABAYA

    • Authors: Danny Santoso Mintorogo, Mohd. Hamdan Ahmad
      Abstract: In the era of global warming and increasing urban heat island condition, flat concrete deck on shop-houses may be less sustainable to handle the excessive solar heat radiation impacts on the roof surfaces. Innovative alternative roofing system is needed to manage heat radiation that will lead to sustainable factors likes energy savings, less energy body used on the roofing materials, and provide comprehensive environmental friendly roof system. This paper discusses about particular environmental friendly materials such as “Pakis-Stem Blocks” system is a good thermal resistant to absorb the solar sun heat and provide natural cooling through convective-wind without adding substantial loads to the roof structures. “Pakis-stem blocks” are easier, cheaper and more valuable than other sub-structure roofing materials as thermal resistant layer on flat bare concrete deck besides green roofing systems.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • CRADLE TO CRADLE IN URBAN PLANNING

    • Authors: Camelia Kusumo
      Abstract: Cradle to Cradle is a well-known sustainability concept introduced by Braungart and McDonough. It is a concept about how a product can be designed from the outset so that, after their useful lives, they will provide nourishment for something new, thus “waste equals food” (Braungart and McDonough, 2002). This eco-effective principle has been applied widely in products development; however, it is less known in the urban planning discipline where sustainable development is the main ‘key word’ in transforming the urban area. The question that this paper expands on is whether it is possible to apply the Cradle to Cradle concept into urban planning practice. This article explains the difference between the eco-efficient concept and the eco-effective concept and elaborate from there on a possibility to apply the Cradle to Cradle principle to urban planning practice. It is shown that the Cradle to Cradle principle offers an instrument for bringing complex sustainable concepts within reach of planning thinking and discussion, and for generating alternatives which may not otherwise be given serious consideration.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • PENATAAN ELEMEN STRUKTURAL UNTUK MENYEDERHANAKAN PERILAKU DINAMIK, DALAM
           KETERPADUAN DENGAN DESAIN ARSITEKTUR

    • Authors: Bisatya W. Maer, Benjamin Lumantarna, Joyce M. Laurens
      Abstract: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan penataan elemen struktural yang dapat lebih efektif menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik struktur terhadap gempa bumi, dan tidak merusak keterpaduan antara rancangan arsitektural dengan rancang¬¬an struktural. Sebagai studi kasus digunakan prototipe yang merupakan bagian tower dari Gedung Intiland Tower Jakarta. Penelitian diawali dengan membuat dan menganalisis model eksisting dan tiga buah model perubahan tata letak elemen struktural untuk mendapatkan perbandingan defleksi lateral dari model-model tersebut. Perbandingan tersebut me¬nunjukkan tingkat efektifitas tata letak elemen struktural dalam menyederhanakan perilaku dinamik, sementara pengaruh¬nya terhadap tingkat keterpaduan dievaluasi dengan metode diskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua model eksperimen yang signifikan mengurangi defleksi lateral dan satu diantaranya tidak mengganggu keterpaduan rancangan arsitektural.
      PubDate: 2012-01-24
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2012)
       
  • THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SELF-SUPPORT STILT-HOUSES TOWARDS THE DISASTER
           POTENTIALITY AT THE CAMBAYA COASTAL AREA, MAKASSAR

    • Authors: Isfa Sastrawati
      Abstract: Self-support stilt-houses at the coastal area have environment characteristics that are different from inland houses, and they have the disaster potentiality such as hurricanes, tidal waves, abrasion, earthquakes, and even tsunami. The stilt houses are very adaptable to climatic conditions and coastal disasters. The shape of the stilt houses at the coastal area must comply with aspects of safety, security, comfort, and health. This paper examines the characteristics of the stilt houses at the coastal area of Cambaya, Makassar, especially in terms of safety and security aspects. The aspects of safety and security include the resistance of the building construction towards disasters. Along with the development of the urban area, the demanding needs and limited financial-abilities, the owners of the houses at the Cambaya coastal area develop their houses by utilizing the empty space at the coastal area and the space under floor of the stilt house. The change of the building shape gives an effect on the poor quality of the building, building safety, and security. However, there are several stilt houses at Cambaya which could reduce the impacts of disasters on the safety of the residents through their local wisdom.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)
       
  • THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF ROOFTOP GREENERY SYSTEM AT THE TROPICAL CLIMATE OF
           MALAYSIA A case study of a 10 storied building R.C.C flat rooftop at UTM,
           Johor Bahru, Malaysia

    • Authors: Rumana Rashid, Mohd. Hamdan Bin Ahmed
      Abstract: In tropical countries rooftop greenery is more sympathetic to the prevailing climate and provides comfortable indoor environment. This paper analyses the above hypothesis on a 10 storied residential apartments in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). The analysis of actual performance of the rooftop greenery can provide the information on effectiveness of its application on contemporary houses for tropical climate in Malaysia. Empirical studies have been performed an internal and external roof surface, where temperature and air temperature were measured for a period of three days in two phases. The first phase of measurement was carried out when the rooftop was empty. After the rooftop greenery was built then the second phase of measurement was conducted. Expected findings of the research are that the green rooftop will tend to experience lower surface temperature than the original exposed roof surface. So this research work will provide an introduction or preliminary guide line for thermally responsive architecture on the basis of thermal performance of the rooftop greenery system. Temperature is the main criteria of human comfort. To provide an indoor comfortable environment through the greening of the rooftop of the building is more appropriate in the tropical climate of Malaysia.
      PubDate: 2011-03-07
      Issue No: Vol. 41 (2011)
       
 
 
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