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Journal Cover Euscorpius
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1536-9307
   Published by Marshall University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Revalidation of three recently synonymized Cuban species of Heteroctenus
           Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones: Buthidae: Centruroidinae)

    • Authors: Luis F. de Armas
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jul 2017 06:16:08 PDT
       
  • The second record of a relict Akrav israchanani Levy, 2007 (Scorpiones:
           Akravidae) from Levana Cave, Israel

    • Authors: Victor Fet et al.
      Abstract: We report the remnants of five new scorpion specimens discovered dead in Levana Cave in Israel in December 2015. We confirm that they belong to the relict scorpion Akrav israchanani Levy, 2007 (Akravidae), famously described from the neighboring Ayyalon Cave, also from dead specimens. The details of morphology of the new specimens are given; they match completely the characters of A. israchanani redescribed by Fet, Soleglad & Zonstein (2011). This second record indicates a wider distribution of this unique cave scorpion, which, however, is extinct in both caves. There is still no evidence that live populations of this species exist.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Jun 2017 06:01:19 PDT
       
  • Microananteroides mariachiarae Rossi et Lourenço, 2015 is a junior
           synonym of Akentrobuthus atakora Vignoli et Prendini, 2008 (Scorpiones:
           Buthidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: The African monotypic scorpion genus Microananteroides Rossi et Lourenço, 2015 and its single species M. mariachiarae Rossi et Lourenço, 2015, from Ghana, are herein demonstrated to be junior synonyms, respectively, of Akentrobuthus Lamoral, 1976 and A. atakora Vignoli et Prendini, 2008 from neighboring Benin. We provide detailed high-resolution color photographs of the holotype of M. mariachiarae and further show its real tri-chobothrial pattern, which was incorrectly depicted in the original description.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Jun 2017 05:41:49 PDT
       
  • Complements to the taxonomy of some Amazonian scorpions (Scorpiones:
           Buthidae)

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: We describe and illustrate in detail the previously unknown adult male of Ananteris ashaninka Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, based upon a specimen recently captured at the type locality. In addition, the taxonomic status of three Amazonian species of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836, is reevaluated and all are restored from unjustified synonymies: Tityus carolineae Kovařík, Teruel, Cozijn et Seiter, 2013, Tityus dillerorum Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, and Tityus wachteli Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Jun 2017 05:36:44 PDT
       
  • First record of Centruroides alayoni Armas, 1999 (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from Haiti, Greater Antilles

    • Authors: Luis F. de Armas
      Abstract: Centruroides haitiensis Lourenço, 2016, from Grande Cayemite, Haiti, is regarded as a junior synonym of Centruroides alayoni Armas, 1999, previously known from southern Pedernales Province (215 km east of Grande Cayemite), Dominican Republic. Consequently, C. alayoni is herein recorded for the first time from Haiti. The list of the Haitian species of the genus Centruroides Marx, 1890 is given.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 May 2017 09:50:46 PDT
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XI.
           Pandinurus kmoniceki sp. n. Somaliland.

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Pandinurus kmoniceki sp. n. from Somaliland is described and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat. Hemispermatophore of P. kmoniceki sp. n. is illustrated and described. In addition to the analyses of external morphology and hemispermatophores, we also describe the karyotypes of P. kmoniceki sp. n. (2n=120).
      PubDate: Wed, 05 Apr 2017 09:35:50 PDT
       
  • Some taxonomic corrections to the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836
           (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Hispaniola, Greater Antilles

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel
      Abstract: In the present paper, the taxonomic status of several Hispaniolan members of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1966 is revised after examination of almost all primary types and abundant supplementary material. This resulted in six new synonymies, which involve both extant and fossil species. The extant taxa herein synonymized are Tityus anasilviae Armas et Abud, 2004 under Tityus ottenwalderi Armas, 1999, Tityus bahoruco Teruel et Armas, 2006 under Tityus crassimanus (Thorell, 1876), Tityus ebanoverde Armas, 1999 under Tityus elii Armas et Marcano, 1992, and Tityus septentrionalis Armas et Abud, 2004 under Tityus portoplatensis Armas et Marcano, 1992. The fossil taxa herein synonymized are Tityus azari Lourenço, 2013† and Tityus (Brazilotityus) hartkorni Lourenço, 2009†, both under Tityus geratus Santiago-Blay et Poinar, 1988†. Updated distribution maps are given for all extant senior synonyms.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Mar 2017 06:05:04 PDT
       
  • Serradigitus miscionei, the first vaejovid scorpion
           to exhibit parthenogenesis

    • Authors: Richard F. Ayrey
      Abstract: Thelytokous parthenogenesis (all-female broods) is strongly suggested for the vaejovid species Serradigitus miscionei (Vaejovidae) from southern Arizona, USA. This conclusion is based on the examination of 187 specimens and 15 broods, all determined as females.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 11:00:37 PST
       
  • The missing piece of the puzzle solved: Heteronebo Pocock, 1899
           (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) occurs at Isla de Pinos, Cuba

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: The diplocentrine scorpion genus Heteronebo Pocock, 1899 is recorded herein for the first time from Isla de Pinos, southwestern Cuba. A total of 15 specimens of Heteronebo bermudezi (Moreno, 1938) were collected in two nearby localities of the southern coast of the island, where it occurs in exactly the same habitat previously known for this species in Guanahacabibes Peninsula and two cays of Canarreos Archipelago. The allegedly polytypic status of this species is also revised and full species rank is restored to the subspecies Heteronebo bermudezi morenoi (Armas, 1973). An updated distribution map of H. bermudezi is provided.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 05:35:32 PST
       
  • Centruroides thorellii (Scorpiones: Buthidae): traveling from Guatemala to
           England without a passport

    • Authors: Rony E. Trujillo et al.
      Abstract: We recorded a pregnant female of the Central American bark stripped scorpion Centruroides thorellii (Kraepelin, 1891), which arrived to England as a stowaway in the bag of a woman that previously visited the Departments of Sacatepéquez, Sololá and San Marcos, Guatemala. On January 2, this C. thorellii female had a litter of three off-spring and three infertile eggs, but she has eaten them, probably as consequence of the stress caused by the hard travel and the environmental changes. We provide a map with the geographical distribution of this species and photos of the female detected in a British train.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Feb 2017 11:31:10 PST
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part X.
           Pandiborellius stat. n. and Pandinurus (Scorpionidae) with description of
           four new species from Eritrea and Ethiopia, and review of Pandinus sensu
           lato taxonomy

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: We introduce a new system of classification for the subfamily Scorpioninae Latreille, 1802 which includes genera Heterometrus Ehrenberg, 1828, Opistophthalmus C. L. Koch, 1837, Pandiborellius Rossi, 2015 stat. n., Pandinoides Fet, 1997, Pandinops Birula, 1913, Pandinurus Fet, 1997, Pandinus (Pandinus) Thorell, 1876, Pandinus (Pandinopsis) Vachon, 1974 stat. n., Pandinus (Pandipalpus) Rossi, 2015 stat. n., and Scorpio Linné, 1758. We provide a checklist of 41 valid species and their synonyms of Pandinus sensu lato. We revise Horn of Africa genera Pandiborellius stat. n. and Pandinurus; all species are fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as their habitat. Included are morphological keys to the subfamily Scorpioninae and genera Pandiborellius stat. n. and Pandinurus. Several new characters in trichobothrial pattern, granulation of pedipalp movable and fixed fingers and spiniform formula of tarsomeres of legs are used and discussed. Described herein are Pandiborellius igdu sp. n. from Ethiopia, Pandiborellius insularis sp. n. from Eritrea, Pandinurus afar sp. n. from Ethiopia, and Pandinurus oromo sp. n. from Ethiopia. Pandinurus citernii (Borelli, 1919) comb. n. and Pandinurus intermedius (Borelli, 1919) comb. n. are restored from synonymy. Pandinurus (Pandipavesius) Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandiborellius Rossi, 2015 stat. n.; Pandinus (Pandinoirens) Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandinurus Fet, 1997; Pandinurus (Pandiborellius) sabbadinii Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandiborellius magrettii (Borelli, 1901) comb. n.; Pandinurus (Pandinurus) cianferonii Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandinurus pallidus (Kraepelin, 1894); Pandinus (Pandinoirens) riccardoi Rossi, 2015 and Pandinus (Pandinoirens) bottegoi Rossi, 2015 are synonymized with Pandinurus platycheles (Werner, 1916); Pandinus (Pandinurus) vachoni Rossi, 2014 is synonymized with Pandinurus sudanicus (Hirst, 1911); and Pandinurus (Pandipalpus) pygmaeus Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandinus (Pandipalpus) lowei Kovařík, 2012 comb. n.. Hemispermatophores of Pandiborellius insularis sp. n., Pandinurus afar sp. n. and Pandinurus oromo sp. n are illustrated and described, and morphology of Pandinus sensu lato hemispermatophores is discussed.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Feb 2017 10:20:49 PST
       
  • A new species of the “apacheanus” group of genus Pseudouroctonus from
           western Texas (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae)

    • Authors: Richard F. Ayrey et al.
      Abstract: A new species of the “apacheanus” group of genus Pseudouroctonus is described from western Texas, USA, Pseudouroctonus brysoni, sp. nov. This new species is closely related to P. apacheanus (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972) and two other species recently described from southern Arizona. A combination of morphological differences in the hemispermatophore, the mating plug, and several morphometric-based characters are identified as diagnostic.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Jan 2017 05:49:27 PST
       
  • Review of Northwestern African Buthacus, with description of Buthacus
           stockmanni sp. n. from Morocco and Western Sahara (Scorpiones, Buthidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Northwestern African Buthacus species are revised. Buthacus stockmanni sp. n. from Morocco and Western Sahara is described and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as their habitat. The hemispermatophore of B. stockmanni sp. n. is illustrated and described. In addition to morphology and hemi-spermatophores, we also describe the karyotypes of B. stockmanni sp. n. (2n=20). B. stockmanni sp. n. is compared with B. occidentalis Vachon, 1953 and B. ziegleri Lourenço, 2000. Both these species are differentiated from B. stockmanni sp. n. geographically and morphologically. The male of B. stockmanni sp. n. has fingers of pedipalp chela strongly twisted proximally and males of the other two species have fingers straight or almost straight. Buthacus huberi Lourenço, 2001 is synonymized with Buthacus occidentalis Vachon, 1953; Buthacus mahraouii Lourenço, 2004 and Buthacus leptochelys algerianus Lourenço, 2006 are synonymized with Buthacus ziegleri Lourenço, 2000.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Dec 2016 09:45:13 PST
       
  • First report of Lissothus occidentalis Vachon, 1950 (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from Morocco and Western Sahara, with notes on ecology and captive
           breeding

    • Authors: Mark Stockmann et al.
      Abstract: Genus Lissothus Vachon, 1948 represented by L. occidentalis Vachon, 1950 is reported for the first time from four localities in Morocco and the Western Sahara. We provide a revised diagnosis of L. occidentalis, fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens. Hemispermatophore is also illustrated and described in detail. Furthermore, we describe aspects of the ecology of this species, and provide photos of collection sites and habitats. We also report on the reproductive biology of this species based on captive breeding and rearing. and provide the first envenomation report for the species.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Dec 2016 09:18:13 PST
       
  • Two new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from southern Turkey
           (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae)

    • Authors: Gioele Tropea et al.
      Abstract: Two new species of scorpion of the genus Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 are described from southern Turkey based on morphological ratio and trichobothrial data. E. hakani sp. n. from Mt. Eşeler, in Denizli Province in southwestern Turkey and E. aladaglarensis sp. n. from the Aladağlar Mts., in Niğde, Kayseri, and Adana Provinces. With the description of two new taxa, 17 species of Euscorpius are currently recognized in Turkey.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Nov 2016 12:57:07 PST
       
  • A new species of Centruroides (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Quiché,
           northwestern Guatemala

    • Authors: Rony E. Trujillo et al.
      Abstract: A new species of the genus Centruroides Marx, 1890 is described from Sotzil Village (15.61775°N, -91.09745°W, 1173 m a.s.l.), Chajul Municipality, Quiché Department, Guatemala, on basis of one female and one male. It closely resembles Centruroides caral Armas et Trujillo, 2013 from northeastern Guatemala (240 Km southeast of Chajul), but male differs by having a most globose pedipalp manus, as well as metasoma clearly more attenuate (len-gth/width ratio: segments II–IV = 2.4, 2.7 and 1.4, respectively; 1.7, 2.2 and 2.5 in the holotype of C. caral, the only known specimen of this taxon). Data on its habitat and some biogeographical comments are also given.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Oct 2016 06:04:26 PDT
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part IX.
           Lanzatus, Orthochirus, and Somalicharmus (Buthidae), with description of
           Lanzatus somalilandus sp. n. and Orthochirus afar sp. n.

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: The rare Horn of Africa buthid genera Lanzatus Kovařík, 2001, Orthochirus Karsch, 1891, and Somalicharmus Kovařík, 1998 were newly collected. Lanzatus is reported for the first time from Somaliland, and Orthochirus for the first time from Ethiopia. We describe two new species, Lanzatus somalilandus sp. n. from Somaliland, and Orthochirus afar sp. n. from Ethiopia, both discovered during scorpiological expeditions in 2011–2016. Information is provided for all Horn of Africa species belonging to these three genera: their taxonomy, distribution, and ecology, fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as their habitat. The morphology of the enigmatic scorpion Somalicharmus whitmanae Kovařík, 1998 is illustrated in detail. The first author recently collected 52 specimens including the first known females, which reveal natural colors, and show sexual dimorphism in the shape of the pedipalp chela and metasoma which are broader in males, and in the shape of the basal middle lamella of the pectines, which in females is extremely dilated and rounded. We describe the hemispermatophore, which is furnished with an atypically elongated basal lobe, and the chelicera, which differs from that of all other known extant buthids. Other characters indicate possible affinity with the south African buthid Karasbergia methueni Hewitt, 1913. We also describe karyotypes of S. whitmanae. We identified 2n=20 in seven males from two localities and 2n=21 in one male. In both analyzed localities we found males with reciprocal translocations that form conspicuous multivalents. The male with 2n=21 includes fission of one chromosome that increases the diploid number and implicates an odd number of chromosomes.
      PubDate: Tue, 11 Oct 2016 10:12:31 PDT
       
  • Another new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from the Taurus Mountains
           in Antalya Province, southern Turkey (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae)

    • Authors: Gioele Tropea et al.
      Abstract: A new scorpion species, Euscorpius alanyaensis sp. n., is described based on specimens collected from the Taurus Mountains in Antalya Province (Alanya District) in southern Turkey. It is a sibling species of the recently described E. gocmeni Tropea et al., 2014, and similarly, the new species is also characterized by a high trichobothrial count (Pv = 9–11, et = 7, em = 4, and eb = 4), a high pectinal teeth count (Dp = 9–11 in males, 8 in females), medium-small size, and light to medium brown-reddish colour. In addition, for the first time a phylogenetic analysis (concatenated sequences of 16S rDNA and COI) is performed to reconstruct the relationships between E. gocmeni Tropea et al., 2014, E. koci Tropea et Yağmur, 2015, E. lycius Yağmur et al., 2013, E. avcii Tropea et al., 2012 from Turkey, and the new species herein described, E. alanyaensis sp. n.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Sep 2016 05:48:29 PDT
       
  • Butheoloides grosseri sp. n. (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from Uganda

    • Authors: František Kovařík
      Abstract: A new species Butheoloides grosseri sp. n. is described and fully complemented with color photos of female holotype, as well as its habitat. This is the first species assigned to this genus from Uganda and represents southern limits of genus Butheoloides distribution.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Aug 2016 09:40:01 PDT
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part VIII.
           Pandinops Birula, 1913 (Scorpionidae), with description of two new species
           

    • Authors: František Kovařík
      Abstract: Complete Pandinops trichobothrial pattern and spiniform formula of tarsomeres of legs are published for the first time. P. friedrichi sp. n. from Somalia and P. turieli sp. n. from Ethiopia and Kenya are described. Information is provided about all Pandinops species, their taxonomy, and distribution, and P. turieli sp. n. discovered during scorpiological expeditions in 2011–2016 is fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Aug 2016 09:39:54 PDT
       
 
 
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