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Journal Cover Euscorpius
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1536-9307
   Published by Marshall University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XIII. Review
           of Pandinops hawkeri, P. peeli, P. platycheles, and P. pugilator
           (Scorpionidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Pandinops platycheles (Werner, 1916) is diagnosed and fully complemented with color photos of types, and Pandinops pugilator (Pocock, 1900) is diagnosed and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat. The hemispermatophore of P. pugilator is illustrated and described for the first time. Pandinus hawkeri Pocock, 1900 and Pandinus peeli Pocock, 1900 are synonymized with Pandinops pugilator (Pocock, 1900).
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 06:18:56 PST
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XII.
           Pandinurus hangarale sp. n. (Scorpionidae) from Somaliland and a review of
           type locality and true distribution of Pandinurus smithi (Pocock, 1897)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Pandinurus hangarale sp. n. from Somaliland is described and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat. Hemispermatophore of P. hangarale sp. n. is illustrated and described. In addition to the analyses of external morphology and hemispermatophores, we also describe the karyotype of P. hangarale sp. n. (2n=120). Known localities of Pandinurus smithi (Pocock, 1897) are compiled; the type locality is not in Somaliland but in Ethiopia (Turfa) and in reality it is probably an endemic of Ethiopia.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Dec 2017 06:10:08 PST
       
  • A new island species of Centruroides Marx, 1890 (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from the southwestern Caribbean

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: Herein we describe a new species of the Buthidae scorpion genus Centruroides Marx, 1890. It occurs at least in two small offshore islands of the southwestern Caribbean: Cozumel in Mexico and Guanaja in Honduras, based upon type specimens from the former and photographic evidence from the latter. It belongs in the "gracilis" species-group and is most closely related to both Centruroides gracilis (Latreille, 1805) and Centruroides nigrescens (Pocock, 1898).
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Dec 2017 11:20:01 PST
       
  • Catalinia, a new scorpion genus from southern California, USA and northern
           Baja California, Mexico (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae)

    • Authors: Michael E. Soleglad et al.
      Abstract: Genus Catalinia, gen. nov. (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae) is described from southern California, USA and Baja California, Mexico. The genus is composed of four species formerly placed in Pseudouroctonus: Catalinia minima (Kraepelin, 1911), comb. nov. (type species), C. andreas (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972), comb. nov., C. castanea (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972), comb. nov., and C. thompsoni, comb. nov. (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972). Major diagnostic characters of Catalinia include a carapace with a very weak anterior indentation, a very stout metasoma with little or no tapering from segment I to V, and a mating plug with two partial bases. Evidence is presented suggesting that Catalinia is closely related to the “apacheanus” species group of Pseudouroctonus.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Oct 2017 06:08:05 PDT
       
  • The scorpion fauna of Mona Island, Puerto Rico (Scorpiones: Buthidae,
           Scorpionidae)

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: The scorpion fauna of the small Mona Island (= Isla de Mona), located roughly midway between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico and administratively belonging to the latter, is herein revised. Three species are confirmed to occur: the buthids Centruroides bani Armas et Marcano Fondeur, 1987 and Heteroctenus abudi (Armas et Marcano Fondeur, 1987), plus the diplocentrine scorpionid Cazierius garridoi Armas, 2005. The previously recorded Heteronebo sp. is reexamined and deemed a mislabeled specimen of Heteronebo portoricensis Francke, 1978 from adjacent Puerto Rico. Also, Centruroides mariaorum Santiago-Blay, 2009 is demonstrated to be a junior synonym of C. bani (implying the first demonstrable records of the latter from both Mona Island and Puerto Rico) and Rhopalurus virkkii Santiago-Blay, 2009 is confirmed as a junior synonym of H. abudi. A thorough photographic complement and supplementary ecological and distributional data are provided for every species.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Aug 2017 12:23:37 PDT
       
  • Hemiscorpius shahii sp. n. from Iran (Scorpiones:
           Hemiscorpiidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Hemiscorpius shahii sp. n. from Iran, Hormozgan Province, is described and compared with other species of Hemiscorpius genus. The new species is characterized mainly by total length of 84 (female) to 110.7 (male) mm and unique trichobothrial pattern of pedipalp patella. The number of external trichobothria on patella is 17–18 (5 eb, 4 esb, 2–3 em, 3 est, 3 et); the number of ventral trichobothria on patella is 14–16. This distinguishes H. shahii sp. n. from all other species of genus Hemiscorpius, which have 3 or 10–12 ventral trichobothria on patella, one or two trichobothria in patella est series, and two or three trichobothria in esb series.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Aug 2017 09:16:42 PDT
       
  • Revalidation of three recently synonymized Cuban species of Heteroctenus
           Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones: Buthidae: Centruroidinae)

    • Authors: Luis F. de Armas
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jul 2017 06:16:08 PDT
       
  • The second record of a relict Akrav israchanani Levy, 2007 (Scorpiones:
           Akravidae) from Levana Cave, Israel

    • Authors: Victor Fet et al.
      Abstract: We report the remnants of five new scorpion specimens discovered dead in Levana Cave in Israel in December 2015. We confirm that they belong to the relict scorpion Akrav israchanani Levy, 2007 (Akravidae), famously described from the neighboring Ayyalon Cave, also from dead specimens. The details of morphology of the new specimens are given; they match completely the characters of A. israchanani redescribed by Fet, Soleglad & Zonstein (2011). This second record indicates a wider distribution of this unique cave scorpion, which, however, is extinct in both caves. There is still no evidence that live populations of this species exist.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Jun 2017 06:01:19 PDT
       
  • Microananteroides mariachiarae Rossi et Lourenço, 2015 is a junior
           synonym of Akentrobuthus atakora Vignoli et Prendini, 2008 (Scorpiones:
           Buthidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: The African monotypic scorpion genus Microananteroides Rossi et Lourenço, 2015 and its single species M. mariachiarae Rossi et Lourenço, 2015, from Ghana, are herein demonstrated to be junior synonyms, respectively, of Akentrobuthus Lamoral, 1976 and A. atakora Vignoli et Prendini, 2008 from neighboring Benin. We provide detailed high-resolution color photographs of the holotype of M. mariachiarae and further show its real tri-chobothrial pattern, which was incorrectly depicted in the original description.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Jun 2017 05:41:49 PDT
       
  • Complements to the taxonomy of some Amazonian scorpions (Scorpiones:
           Buthidae)

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: We describe and illustrate in detail the previously unknown adult male of Ananteris ashaninka Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, based upon a specimen recently captured at the type locality. In addition, the taxonomic status of three Amazonian species of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836, is reevaluated and all are restored from unjustified synonymies: Tityus carolineae Kovařík, Teruel, Cozijn et Seiter, 2013, Tityus dillerorum Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, and Tityus wachteli Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Jun 2017 05:36:44 PDT
       
  • First record of Centruroides alayoni Armas, 1999 (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from Haiti, Greater Antilles

    • Authors: Luis F. de Armas
      Abstract: Centruroides haitiensis Lourenço, 2016, from Grande Cayemite, Haiti, is regarded as a junior synonym of Centruroides alayoni Armas, 1999, previously known from southern Pedernales Province (215 km east of Grande Cayemite), Dominican Republic. Consequently, C. alayoni is herein recorded for the first time from Haiti. The list of the Haitian species of the genus Centruroides Marx, 1890 is given.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 May 2017 09:50:46 PDT
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XI.
           Pandinurus kmoniceki sp. n. Somaliland.

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Pandinurus kmoniceki sp. n. from Somaliland is described and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat. Hemispermatophore of P. kmoniceki sp. n. is illustrated and described. In addition to the analyses of external morphology and hemispermatophores, we also describe the karyotypes of P. kmoniceki sp. n. (2n=120).
      PubDate: Wed, 05 Apr 2017 09:35:50 PDT
       
  • Some taxonomic corrections to the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836
           (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Hispaniola, Greater Antilles

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel
      Abstract: In the present paper, the taxonomic status of several Hispaniolan members of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1966 is revised after examination of almost all primary types and abundant supplementary material. This resulted in six new synonymies, which involve both extant and fossil species. The extant taxa herein synonymized are Tityus anasilviae Armas et Abud, 2004 under Tityus ottenwalderi Armas, 1999, Tityus bahoruco Teruel et Armas, 2006 under Tityus crassimanus (Thorell, 1876), Tityus ebanoverde Armas, 1999 under Tityus elii Armas et Marcano, 1992, and Tityus septentrionalis Armas et Abud, 2004 under Tityus portoplatensis Armas et Marcano, 1992. The fossil taxa herein synonymized are Tityus azari Lourenço, 2013† and Tityus (Brazilotityus) hartkorni Lourenço, 2009†, both under Tityus geratus Santiago-Blay et Poinar, 1988†. Updated distribution maps are given for all extant senior synonyms.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Mar 2017 06:05:04 PDT
       
  • Serradigitus miscionei, the first vaejovid scorpion
           to exhibit parthenogenesis

    • Authors: Richard F. Ayrey
      Abstract: Thelytokous parthenogenesis (all-female broods) is strongly suggested for the vaejovid species Serradigitus miscionei (Vaejovidae) from southern Arizona, USA. This conclusion is based on the examination of 187 specimens and 15 broods, all determined as females.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 11:00:37 PST
       
  • The missing piece of the puzzle solved: Heteronebo Pocock, 1899
           (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) occurs at Isla de Pinos, Cuba

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: The diplocentrine scorpion genus Heteronebo Pocock, 1899 is recorded herein for the first time from Isla de Pinos, southwestern Cuba. A total of 15 specimens of Heteronebo bermudezi (Moreno, 1938) were collected in two nearby localities of the southern coast of the island, where it occurs in exactly the same habitat previously known for this species in Guanahacabibes Peninsula and two cays of Canarreos Archipelago. The allegedly polytypic status of this species is also revised and full species rank is restored to the subspecies Heteronebo bermudezi morenoi (Armas, 1973). An updated distribution map of H. bermudezi is provided.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 05:35:32 PST
       
  • Centruroides thorellii (Scorpiones: Buthidae): traveling from Guatemala to
           England without a passport

    • Authors: Rony E. Trujillo et al.
      Abstract: We recorded a pregnant female of the Central American bark stripped scorpion Centruroides thorellii (Kraepelin, 1891), which arrived to England as a stowaway in the bag of a woman that previously visited the Departments of Sacatepéquez, Sololá and San Marcos, Guatemala. On January 2, this C. thorellii female had a litter of three off-spring and three infertile eggs, but she has eaten them, probably as consequence of the stress caused by the hard travel and the environmental changes. We provide a map with the geographical distribution of this species and photos of the female detected in a British train.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Feb 2017 11:31:10 PST
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part X.
           Pandiborellius stat. n. and Pandinurus (Scorpionidae) with description of
           four new species from Eritrea and Ethiopia, and review of Pandinus sensu
           lato taxonomy

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: We introduce a new system of classification for the subfamily Scorpioninae Latreille, 1802 which includes genera Heterometrus Ehrenberg, 1828, Opistophthalmus C. L. Koch, 1837, Pandiborellius Rossi, 2015 stat. n., Pandinoides Fet, 1997, Pandinops Birula, 1913, Pandinurus Fet, 1997, Pandinus (Pandinus) Thorell, 1876, Pandinus (Pandinopsis) Vachon, 1974 stat. n., Pandinus (Pandipalpus) Rossi, 2015 stat. n., and Scorpio Linné, 1758. We provide a checklist of 41 valid species and their synonyms of Pandinus sensu lato. We revise Horn of Africa genera Pandiborellius stat. n. and Pandinurus; all species are fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as their habitat. Included are morphological keys to the subfamily Scorpioninae and genera Pandiborellius stat. n. and Pandinurus. Several new characters in trichobothrial pattern, granulation of pedipalp movable and fixed fingers and spiniform formula of tarsomeres of legs are used and discussed. Described herein are Pandiborellius igdu sp. n. from Ethiopia, Pandiborellius insularis sp. n. from Eritrea, Pandinurus afar sp. n. from Ethiopia, and Pandinurus oromo sp. n. from Ethiopia. Pandinurus citernii (Borelli, 1919) comb. n. and Pandinurus intermedius (Borelli, 1919) comb. n. are restored from synonymy. Pandinurus (Pandipavesius) Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandiborellius Rossi, 2015 stat. n.; Pandinus (Pandinoirens) Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandinurus Fet, 1997; Pandinurus (Pandiborellius) sabbadinii Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandiborellius magrettii (Borelli, 1901) comb. n.; Pandinurus (Pandinurus) cianferonii Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandinurus pallidus (Kraepelin, 1894); Pandinus (Pandinoirens) riccardoi Rossi, 2015 and Pandinus (Pandinoirens) bottegoi Rossi, 2015 are synonymized with Pandinurus platycheles (Werner, 1916); Pandinus (Pandinurus) vachoni Rossi, 2014 is synonymized with Pandinurus sudanicus (Hirst, 1911); and Pandinurus (Pandipalpus) pygmaeus Rossi, 2015 is synonymized with Pandinus (Pandipalpus) lowei Kovařík, 2012 comb. n.. Hemispermatophores of Pandiborellius insularis sp. n., Pandinurus afar sp. n. and Pandinurus oromo sp. n are illustrated and described, and morphology of Pandinus sensu lato hemispermatophores is discussed.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Feb 2017 10:20:49 PST
       
  • A new species of the “apacheanus” group of genus Pseudouroctonus from
           western Texas (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae)

    • Authors: Richard F. Ayrey et al.
      Abstract: A new species of the “apacheanus” group of genus Pseudouroctonus is described from western Texas, USA, Pseudouroctonus brysoni, sp. nov. This new species is closely related to P. apacheanus (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972) and two other species recently described from southern Arizona. A combination of morphological differences in the hemispermatophore, the mating plug, and several morphometric-based characters are identified as diagnostic.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Jan 2017 05:49:27 PST
       
  • Review of Northwestern African Buthacus, with description of Buthacus
           stockmanni sp. n. from Morocco and Western Sahara (Scorpiones, Buthidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Northwestern African Buthacus species are revised. Buthacus stockmanni sp. n. from Morocco and Western Sahara is described and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as their habitat. The hemispermatophore of B. stockmanni sp. n. is illustrated and described. In addition to morphology and hemi-spermatophores, we also describe the karyotypes of B. stockmanni sp. n. (2n=20). B. stockmanni sp. n. is compared with B. occidentalis Vachon, 1953 and B. ziegleri Lourenço, 2000. Both these species are differentiated from B. stockmanni sp. n. geographically and morphologically. The male of B. stockmanni sp. n. has fingers of pedipalp chela strongly twisted proximally and males of the other two species have fingers straight or almost straight. Buthacus huberi Lourenço, 2001 is synonymized with Buthacus occidentalis Vachon, 1953; Buthacus mahraouii Lourenço, 2004 and Buthacus leptochelys algerianus Lourenço, 2006 are synonymized with Buthacus ziegleri Lourenço, 2000.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Dec 2016 09:45:13 PST
       
  • First report of Lissothus occidentalis Vachon, 1950 (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from Morocco and Western Sahara, with notes on ecology and captive
           breeding

    • Authors: Mark Stockmann et al.
      Abstract: Genus Lissothus Vachon, 1948 represented by L. occidentalis Vachon, 1950 is reported for the first time from four localities in Morocco and the Western Sahara. We provide a revised diagnosis of L. occidentalis, fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens. Hemispermatophore is also illustrated and described in detail. Furthermore, we describe aspects of the ecology of this species, and provide photos of collection sites and habitats. We also report on the reproductive biology of this species based on captive breeding and rearing. and provide the first envenomation report for the species.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Dec 2016 09:18:13 PST
       
 
 
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