[0 followers] Follow
Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1536-9307
Published by Marshall University [1 journal]
- Scorpions of Ethiopia. Part IV. Genus Uroplectes
Peters, 1861(Scorpiones: Buthidae)
Abstract: All data about the distribution of Uroplectes fischeri (Karsch, 1879) in Ethiopia and Somalia are summarized. U. fischeri is fully illustrated with color photos of habitus and locality. Uroplectoides abyssinicus Lourenço, 1998 is discussed and synonymized with U. fischeri. Genus Uroplectoides Lourenço, 1998 is synonymized with Uroplectes Peters, 1861. Hemispermatophore of U. fischeri was extracted and illustrated for the first time. In addition to morphological analysis we also describe the karyotype of male U. fischeri from Ethiopia (2n=28).
PubDate: Wed, 27 Jan 2016 12:28:01 PST
- DNA barcoding indicates hidden diversity of
Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) in Turkey
Authors: Victor Fet et al.
Abstract: The Anatolian fauna of the genus Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) is in the process of reassessment. Twelve species of this genus are currently recognized for Anatolia, of which seven have been recently described on the basis of morphology. We demonstrate additional cryptic diversity in Anatolian Euscorpius by applying molecular markers (mitochondrial COI and 16S rDNA genes) from 14 populations, of which 13 were morphologically characterized by “em=3,” a phenotypic marker on the pedipalp patella. All studied Anatolian forms are strongly supported as a single clade compared to the European (from the Alps to the Balkans) taxa of the subgenus Alpiscorpius. Of these, six are assigned to known species (E. ciliciensis, E. mingrelicus, E. eskisehirensis, E. phrygius, and E. uludagensis); and three (Aksaray, Ankara, Sakarya) are closely related to a clade containing E. phrygius and E. uludagensis. Four clades represent undescribed taxonomic forms, possibly of species level: Balikesir/Canakkale (Kazdağları National Park), Konya, Denizli, and Trabzon, all with em=3. Another putative species from Kayseri Province, Aladağlar (=Antitaurus) Mts., is related to (E. ciliciensis + E. eskisehirensis) clade; however, it exhibits em=4, which appears to be the first case of reversal in this important trait for the genus Euscorpius.
PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2016 05:39:24 PST
- Editorial: "Euscorpius" Bicentennial
Authors: Victor Fet
Abstract: Names and images of Euscorpius authors. Various images of scorpions from around the world.
PubDate: Tue, 19 Jan 2016 06:48:21 PST
- A new species of the genus Thaicharmus
Kovařík, 1995 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from northeast India
Authors: Zeeshan A. Mirza et al.
Abstract: A new species Thaicharmus guptai sp. nov. is described from the northeast Indian state of Tripura. The new species differs from the known members of the genus in the following set of morphological characters: large size (total length 45.6 mm); trichobothrium d2 is distal to i1 on femur; trichobothria est, em and et on the external surface of the patella do not form a straight line. Subaculear tubercle is absent. The movable finger of pedipalp chela has 12 cutting rows of denticles. The movable finger is much longer than the pedipalp patella. Number of pectinal teeth 20/19; pectines with distinct lamellae and fulcra. Two horn-like projections are present on the ventrolateral aspect of the metasomal segment V.
PubDate: Thu, 14 Jan 2016 07:10:29 PST
- Pseudouroctonus peccatum Tate et al., 2013,
Authors: Richard F. Ayrey
Abstract: Shortly after the discovery of Pseudouroctonus peccatum Tate, Riddle, Soleglad et Graham, 2013 (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae) there was a large wildfire in the Spring Mountains of Nevada. At the time the species description was published, it was noted that the only known population of this species may have been extirpated by the fire and subsequent flooding of the type locality habitat (Tate et al. 2013). Today it is certain that the species has survived after the collection of 12 new specimens. Additional data on males are also presented.
PubDate: Thu, 14 Jan 2016 07:09:59 PST
- Three new species of Scorpiops Peters, 1861
(Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae) from Pakistan
Abstract: Three new species of the genus Scorpiops with 17 external trichobothria on the patella and total length of 50–72 mm are described from northern Pakistan and compared with other species of the genus. A key to the species of the genus is provided. In S. pakistanus sp. n. ventral trichobothria on the patella number 9–10, chela manus is wide and short, and pectinal teeth number 6–8. In S. pseudomontanus sp. n. ventral trichobothria on the patella number 14–18, chela manus is narrow and long, and pectinal teeth number 6–9. In S. zubairahmedi sp. n. ventral trichobothria on the patella number 7, chela manus is very narrow and long, and pectinal teeth number 6.
PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2016 07:15:34 PST
- Two new Chaerilus from Vietnam (Scorpiones,
Chaerilidae), with observations of growth and maturation of
Chaerilus granulatus sp. n. and C.
hofereki Kovařík et al., 2014
Abstract: Chaerilus granulatus sp. n. and C. longimanus sp. n. from Vietnam are described and compared with other species of the genus. Both species are characterized by: median eyes present; movable finger of pedipalp with 7–9 rows of granules; total length of adults under 30 mm; male differing from female in having pedipalp chela much narrower and longer. The two new species are differentiated by: ventral sides of sternite VII are smooth in C. longimanus sp. n. and granulated in C. granulatus sp. n. Adults of both sexes of C. granulatus sp. n. and C. hofereki Kovařík et al., 2014 were raised from birth and their exuviae were retained and compared to the mature adults. Hemisper-matophores of C. granulatus sp. n. and C. hofereki were extracted and illustrated. Karyotype of male holotype of C. granulatus sp. n. consists of high number of chromosomes (2n=96).
PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2016 06:35:42 PST
- A new species of the enigmatic genus Chiromachetes
Pocock, 1899 (Scorpiones: Hormuridae) from Western Ghats, India, with a
key to the genus
Authors: Zeeshan A. Mirza et al.
Abstract: A new species of hormurid scorpion is described from the Western Ghats of India. Chiromachetes sahyadriensis sp. nov. differs from other members of this genus in the following set of characters: medium sized scorpions, total length reaching 62.9 mm, carapace flat, three pairs of lateral eyes, manus length/width ratio in males 4.6–4.8 and 3.4 in females, tarsi of leg ventrally with three spinoid setae at the base of tarsi. Dentate margin of pedipalp manus finger with two rows of granules fused at base. Pectines 8–9 in males, 6–8 in females. Lamellar hook positioned distinctly in basal half of hemispermatophore in proximity to the lamellae.
PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2016 06:33:45 PST
- New analysis of the genus Pseudouroctonus with the
description of two new species (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae)
Authors: Richard F. Ayrey et al.
Abstract: Two new species of Pseudouroctonus are described from southeastern Arizona, USA, Pseudouroctonus santarita, sp. nov. from the Santa Rita Mountains and P. kremani, sp. nov. from the Santa Catalina Mountains. These new species are closely related to P. apacheanus (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972). A combination of morphological differences in the hemispermatophore, the mating plug, and several morphometric-based characters are identified as diagnostic. New substructures are identified for the mating plug.
PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2016 06:33:42 PST
- Four new scorpion species (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Amazonian Peru
Abstract: We describe four new species of buthid scorpions from a single Amazonian locality in Peru, situated at the pre-Andean piedmont: Ananteris ashaninka sp. n., Tityus dillerorum sp. n. (a member of the “melanostictus” species-group), Tityus panguana sp. n. (a member of the “bolivianus” species-group), and Tityus wachteli sp. n. (a member of the “clathratus” species-group). Additional information is given on their taxonomy, distribution, ecology, and reproductive biology, fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as their habitat.
PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2016 06:33:40 PST
- Review of the genus Gint Kovařík et al.,
2013, with description of two new species from Somaliland and Somalia
(Puntland) (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
Abstract: We describe herein two new species, Gint dabakalo sp. n. from Somaliland and G. puntlandus sp. n. from Somalia (Puntland) (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Additional information is given on taxonomy and distribution of all four species of genus Gint Kovařík et al., 2013, fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as their habitats. True male of G. calviceps is documented for first time, and validates original decisions to create separate genus Gint, and to transfer Buthacus calviceps Pocock, 1900, to that genus.
PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2016 06:33:37 PST
- Two new scorpions from the Puerto Rican island of Vieques, Greater
Antilles (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
Abstract: Two new scorpion species of the family Buthidae are described herein: Microtityus vieques sp. n. (a member of the subgenus Parvabsonus Armas, 1974) and Tityus alejandroi sp. n. (belonging to the “quisqueyanus” species-group). Both were collected from pitfall traps in the Puerto Rican satellite island of Vieques, in the Greater Antilles, and the former represents the first official record of the occurrence there of the gens Microtityus Kjellesvig-Waering, 1966. As expected, the new species have their closest relatives in Puerto Rico. Fully illustrated descriptions and detailed comparisons are provided. Additionally, two other Puerto Rican species of Tityus currently not assigned to any group are herein formally transferred to the “quisqueyanus” species group: Tityus angelesae Santiago-Blay, 2009 and Tityus juliorum Santiago-Blay, 2009. After this contribution, the scorpion fauna of Puerto Rico is now com-posed of 19 species.
PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2016 06:33:34 PST
- A new species of Euscorpius from Bulgaria and Greece
Authors: Gioele Tropea et al.
Abstract: A new scorpion species, Euscorpius popovi sp. nov., is described from southwestern Bulgaria and northeastern Greece based on morphological and molecular evidence analyses.
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 12:53:51 PST
- Observations on growth and maturation of a male Alloscorpiops
wongpromi (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae)
Abstract: An adult male of Alloscorpiops wongpromi Kovařík et al., 2013 was raised from birth, and its five exuviae (instars 2 through 6) were compared to the resulting adult. This adult was contrasted with the original holotype male specimen, which was determined to be only a subadult after the fifth ecdysis. The hemispermatophore of A. wongpromi is illustrated and described here for the first time. In addition to morphological analysis we also describe the karyotype of Alloscorpiops wongpromi (2n=95). Based on comparative analysis of pectinal tooth counts, it is determined that the holotype of A. troglodytes Lourenço & Pham (2015) represents a juvenile.
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 12:53:48 PST
- A new locality of Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé,
1832) from Montenegro (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
Abstract: A new locality close to northwestern boundary of the geographic range is reported for Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832), from Montenegro, Crmnica Region, near Virpazar (42º13' N 19º06' E).
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 12:53:45 PST
- Occurrence of a telson gland in the genus
Superstitionia Stahnke, 1940 (Scorpiones:
Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
Abstract: In this note, we record for the first time the occurrence of a telson gland in the monotypic genus Superstitionia Stahnke 1940 (Scorpiones: Superstitioniidae). The putative gland is marked by an elongated patch of wrinkled cuticle restricted to the dorso-apical surface of the telson vesicle of adult males, and is absent from females and immatures. Similar presumed glandular structures have been observed in a number of other scorpions, including many South American Bothriuridae, and the recently defined vaejovid genera Chihuahuanus González-Santillán et Prendini, 2013 and Maaykuyak González-Santillán et Prendini, 2013.
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 12:27:39 PST
- A revision of the Anatolian-Caucasian “Euscorpius
mingrelicus complex” (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae)
Authors: Gioele Tropea et al.
Abstract: The taxonomic status of the Anatolian-Caucasian subspecies of Euscorpius mingrelicus (Kessler, 1874) is reconsidered. We restrict E. mingrelicus s.str. to Georgia and Turkey, and elevate to species status three of its subspecies: E. phrygius Bonacina, 1980, stat. n., E. uludagensis Lacroix, 1995, stat. n., and E. ciliciensis Birula, 1898, stat. n. We synonymize E. mingrelicus legrandi Lacroix, 1995 with E. phrygius stat. n., and E. m. ollivieri Lacroix, 1995, with E. mingrelicus.
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 12:07:38 PST
- Scorpions of Ethiopia (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part III. Genus
Hottentotta Birula, 1908 (Buthidae), with description
of three new species
Abstract: Three new species H. gambelaensis Kovařík, sp. n., H. gibaensis Kovařík, sp. n. and H. novaki Kovařík, sp. n. from Ethiopia are described, compared with other species and fully illustrated with color photos of habitus and localities. Data about the distribution of Hottentotta in Ethiopia including photos of all seven known species and their Ethiopian localities are summarized.
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 11:52:00 PST
- Etudes on iurids, IX. Further analysis of a rare species
Protoiurus kadleci (Scorpiones: Iuridae) from Turkey,
based on adult males
Abstract: Additional material of a rare scorpion species Protoiurus kadleci (Kovařík et al., 2010) from Turkey (Antalya Province) was examined, in particular, sexually mature males. New information is presented on the morphometric differences between adult and subadult males of this species, and on the differences between P. kadleci and other species of Protoiurus. An updated diagnosis of P. kadleci is presented, as well as updated key to six species of Protoiurus, and a map showing all known localities.
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 11:51:56 PST
- Etudes on iurids, VIII. A new Protoiurus species from
the Hıdırellez Cave in Antalya, Turkey (Scorpiones: Iuridae)
Abstract: A new iurid species, Protoiurus kumlutasi sp. nov. is described from the Hıdırellez Cave, located in the coastal southwestern Antalya Province, Turkey. This species was collected both inside and at the entrance of the cave, and does not exhibit any troglomorphic characteristics. Its closest relative is P. kraepelini, which shares the distinctive shape of pedipalp chela in mature males. The new species can be distinguished from P. kraepelini, however, by its hemispermatophore, which conforms to subtype 1a. Additional hemispermatophores were analyzed from several specimens of P. kraepelini collected in close proximity to its type locality, further endorsing existence of unique subtype 1b in this species. The description of the new species brings the number of species in the genus Protoiurus to six.
PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2016 11:17:43 PST