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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1536-9307
   Published by Marshall University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XV. Review
           of the genus Gint Kovařík et al., 2013, with description of three new
           species from Somaliland (Scorpiones, Buthidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: We describe herein three new species of Buthidae: Gint amoudensis sp. n., G. gubanensis sp. n., and G. maidensis sp. n. from Somaliland. Additional information is provided on the taxonomy and distribution of other species of the genus Gint, fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as of their habitat. The hemispermatophores of most Gint species are illustrated and described for the first time. In addition to the analyses of external morphology and hemispermatophores, we also describe the karyotype of four Gint species. The number of chromosomes is different for every one of the analysed species (G. dabakalo 2n=23, G. gaitako 2n=30, G. amoudensis sp. n. 2n=35–36, and G. maidensis sp. n. 2n=34).
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Apr 2018 14:20:35 PDT
       
  • Scorpions of Sri Lanka (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part II. Family Hormuridae

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Liocheles australasiae (Fabricius, 1775) is reported for the first time from Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan population is fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved females, as well as its habitat.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Feb 2018 07:29:22 PST
       
  • Two new Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Hispaniola,
           Greater Antilles

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: Two new species of Buthidae scorpions of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836 are herein described from the Greater Antillean island of Hispaniola. One of them belongs to the "crassimanus" species-group and is known from an adult pair collected at Massif de la Hotte, in southwestern Haiti. The other belongs to the "quisqueyanus" species-group and is known from a single adult female from a high peak in the Central Range (= Cordillera Central), in northwestern Dominican Republic. Moreover, two fossil taxa from this island are retained as junior synonyms of Tityus geratus Santiago-Blay, 1988†.
      PubDate: Fri, 16 Feb 2018 05:48:44 PST
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part XIV.
           Hottentotta somalicus sp. n. (Buthidae) from Somalia

    • Authors: František Kovařík
      Abstract: Hottentotta somalicus sp. n. from Somalia is described and fully complemented with color photos. Morphologically it is similar to H. polystictus (Pocock, 1896). These two species have very narrow metasomal segments (1.63–1.73 in both sexes versus 1.31–1.61 in both sexes of other Hottentotta species from the Horn of Africa). H. polystictus and H. somalicus sp. n. occur in separate areas (Somaliland versus Somalia) and can be differentiated by color.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Feb 2018 13:53:37 PST
       
  • Revision of the Mesobuthus caucasicus complex from Central Asia, with
           descriptions of six new species (Scorpiones: Buthidae)

    • Authors: Victor Fet et al.
      Abstract: A widespread Mesobuthus caucasicus complex, which includes some of the most common scorpions found from the Caucasus to China, is revised for the first time based on new extensive collections from Central Asia, using both morphological and DNA marker data. Mesobuthus caucasicus (Nordmann, 1840), s.str. is restricted to the Caucasus Mts. Four taxa are elevated to species rank: M. fuscus (Birula, 1897) (Tajikistan), M. intermedius (Birula, 1897) (Tajikistan), M. kaznakovi (Birula, 1904) (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan), and M. parthorum (Pocock, 1889) (Afghanistan, Iran, Turkmenistan). Six new species are described: M. brutus sp. n. (Iran), M. elenae sp. n. (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan), M. gorelovi sp. n. (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), M. kreuzbergi sp. n. (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan), M. mischi sp. n. (Afghanistan), and M. nenilini sp. n. (Uzbekistan). The most common species in Central Asia is a psammophilic Mesobuthus gorelovi sp. n., widespread through lowland sand deserts across Turkmenistan (Karakum), Uzbekistan (Kizylkum), and Kazakhstan (north to Baigakum and Moyinkum). A key to all studied species is provided. A DNA phylogeny based on COI and 16S rRNA markers is presented including nine Central Asian species (M. elenae sp. n., M. fuscus, M. gorelovi sp. n., M. intermedius, M. kaznakovi, M. kreuzbergi sp. n., M. mischi sp. n., M. nenilini sp. n., and M. parthorum) and M. caucasicus from Turkey. A deep phylogenetic diversity across Central Asia is revealed. Historical biogeographic scenarios for this scorpion group are discussed, including fragmentation in mountain valleys and expansion across sand deserts in Central Asia. The monotypic scorpion genus Afghanobuthus Lourenço, 2005 and its single species A. naumanni Lourenço, 2005, from Afghanistan, are demonstrated to be junior synonyms, respectively, of Mesobuthus Vachon, 1950, and M. parthorum (Pocock, 1889) from the same area.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Feb 2018 08:20:52 PST
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XIII. Review
           of Pandinops hawkeri, P. peeli, P. platycheles, and P. pugilator
           (Scorpionidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Pandinops platycheles (Werner, 1916) is diagnosed and fully complemented with color photos of types, and Pandinops pugilator (Pocock, 1900) is diagnosed and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat. The hemispermatophore of P. pugilator is illustrated and described for the first time. Pandinus hawkeri Pocock, 1900 and Pandinus peeli Pocock, 1900 are synonymized with Pandinops pugilator (Pocock, 1900).
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Dec 2017 06:18:56 PST
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XII.
           Pandinurus hangarale sp. n. (Scorpionidae) from Somaliland and a review of
           type locality and true distribution of Pandinurus smithi (Pocock, 1897)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Pandinurus hangarale sp. n. from Somaliland is described and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat. Hemispermatophore of P. hangarale sp. n. is illustrated and described. In addition to the analyses of external morphology and hemispermatophores, we also describe the karyotype of P. hangarale sp. n. (2n=120). Known localities of Pandinurus smithi (Pocock, 1897) are compiled; the type locality is not in Somaliland but in Ethiopia (Turfa) and in reality it is probably an endemic of Ethiopia.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Dec 2017 06:10:08 PST
       
  • A new island species of Centruroides Marx, 1890 (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from the southwestern Caribbean

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: Herein we describe a new species of the Buthidae scorpion genus Centruroides Marx, 1890. It occurs at least in two small offshore islands of the southwestern Caribbean: Cozumel in Mexico and Guanaja in Honduras, based upon type specimens from the former and photographic evidence from the latter. It belongs in the "gracilis" species-group and is most closely related to both Centruroides gracilis (Latreille, 1805) and Centruroides nigrescens (Pocock, 1898).
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Dec 2017 11:20:01 PST
       
  • Catalinia, a new scorpion genus from southern California, USA and northern
           Baja California, Mexico (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae)

    • Authors: Michael E. Soleglad et al.
      Abstract: Genus Catalinia, gen. nov. (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae) is described from southern California, USA and Baja California, Mexico. The genus is composed of four species formerly placed in Pseudouroctonus: Catalinia minima (Kraepelin, 1911), comb. nov. (type species), C. andreas (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972), comb. nov., C. castanea (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972), comb. nov., and C. thompsoni, comb. nov. (Gertsch et Soleglad, 1972). Major diagnostic characters of Catalinia include a carapace with a very weak anterior indentation, a very stout metasoma with little or no tapering from segment I to V, and a mating plug with two partial bases. Evidence is presented suggesting that Catalinia is closely related to the “apacheanus” species group of Pseudouroctonus.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Oct 2017 06:08:05 PDT
       
  • The scorpion fauna of Mona Island, Puerto Rico (Scorpiones: Buthidae,
           Scorpionidae)

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: The scorpion fauna of the small Mona Island (= Isla de Mona), located roughly midway between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico and administratively belonging to the latter, is herein revised. Three species are confirmed to occur: the buthids Centruroides bani Armas et Marcano Fondeur, 1987 and Heteroctenus abudi (Armas et Marcano Fondeur, 1987), plus the diplocentrine scorpionid Cazierius garridoi Armas, 2005. The previously recorded Heteronebo sp. is reexamined and deemed a mislabeled specimen of Heteronebo portoricensis Francke, 1978 from adjacent Puerto Rico. Also, Centruroides mariaorum Santiago-Blay, 2009 is demonstrated to be a junior synonym of C. bani (implying the first demonstrable records of the latter from both Mona Island and Puerto Rico) and Rhopalurus virkkii Santiago-Blay, 2009 is confirmed as a junior synonym of H. abudi. A thorough photographic complement and supplementary ecological and distributional data are provided for every species.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Aug 2017 12:23:37 PDT
       
  • Hemiscorpius shahii sp. n. from Iran (Scorpiones:
           Hemiscorpiidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Hemiscorpius shahii sp. n. from Iran, Hormozgan Province, is described and compared with other species of Hemiscorpius genus. The new species is characterized mainly by total length of 84 (female) to 110.7 (male) mm and unique trichobothrial pattern of pedipalp patella. The number of external trichobothria on patella is 17–18 (5 eb, 4 esb, 2–3 em, 3 est, 3 et); the number of ventral trichobothria on patella is 14–16. This distinguishes H. shahii sp. n. from all other species of genus Hemiscorpius, which have 3 or 10–12 ventral trichobothria on patella, one or two trichobothria in patella est series, and two or three trichobothria in esb series.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Aug 2017 09:16:42 PDT
       
  • Revalidation of three recently synonymized Cuban species of Heteroctenus
           Pocock, 1893 (Scorpiones: Buthidae: Centruroidinae)

    • Authors: Luis F. de Armas
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Jul 2017 06:16:08 PDT
       
  • The second record of a relict Akrav israchanani Levy, 2007 (Scorpiones:
           Akravidae) from Levana Cave, Israel

    • Authors: Victor Fet et al.
      Abstract: We report the remnants of five new scorpion specimens discovered dead in Levana Cave in Israel in December 2015. We confirm that they belong to the relict scorpion Akrav israchanani Levy, 2007 (Akravidae), famously described from the neighboring Ayyalon Cave, also from dead specimens. The details of morphology of the new specimens are given; they match completely the characters of A. israchanani redescribed by Fet, Soleglad & Zonstein (2011). This second record indicates a wider distribution of this unique cave scorpion, which, however, is extinct in both caves. There is still no evidence that live populations of this species exist.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Jun 2017 06:01:19 PDT
       
  • Microananteroides mariachiarae Rossi et Lourenço, 2015 is a junior
           synonym of Akentrobuthus atakora Vignoli et Prendini, 2008 (Scorpiones:
           Buthidae)

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: The African monotypic scorpion genus Microananteroides Rossi et Lourenço, 2015 and its single species M. mariachiarae Rossi et Lourenço, 2015, from Ghana, are herein demonstrated to be junior synonyms, respectively, of Akentrobuthus Lamoral, 1976 and A. atakora Vignoli et Prendini, 2008 from neighboring Benin. We provide detailed high-resolution color photographs of the holotype of M. mariachiarae and further show its real tri-chobothrial pattern, which was incorrectly depicted in the original description.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Jun 2017 05:41:49 PDT
       
  • Complements to the taxonomy of some Amazonian scorpions (Scorpiones:
           Buthidae)

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: We describe and illustrate in detail the previously unknown adult male of Ananteris ashaninka Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, based upon a specimen recently captured at the type locality. In addition, the taxonomic status of three Amazonian species of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836, is reevaluated and all are restored from unjustified synonymies: Tityus carolineae Kovařík, Teruel, Cozijn et Seiter, 2013, Tityus dillerorum Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015, and Tityus wachteli Kovařík, Teruel, Lowe et Friedrich, 2015.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Jun 2017 05:36:44 PDT
       
  • First record of Centruroides alayoni Armas, 1999 (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
           from Haiti, Greater Antilles

    • Authors: Luis F. de Armas
      Abstract: Centruroides haitiensis Lourenço, 2016, from Grande Cayemite, Haiti, is regarded as a junior synonym of Centruroides alayoni Armas, 1999, previously known from southern Pedernales Province (215 km east of Grande Cayemite), Dominican Republic. Consequently, C. alayoni is herein recorded for the first time from Haiti. The list of the Haitian species of the genus Centruroides Marx, 1890 is given.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 May 2017 09:50:46 PDT
       
  • Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XI.
           Pandinurus kmoniceki sp. n. Somaliland.

    • Authors: František Kovařík et al.
      Abstract: Pandinurus kmoniceki sp. n. from Somaliland is described and fully complemented with color photos of live and preserved specimens, as well as its habitat. Hemispermatophore of P. kmoniceki sp. n. is illustrated and described. In addition to the analyses of external morphology and hemispermatophores, we also describe the karyotypes of P. kmoniceki sp. n. (2n=120).
      PubDate: Wed, 05 Apr 2017 09:35:50 PDT
       
  • Some taxonomic corrections to the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1836
           (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Hispaniola, Greater Antilles

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel
      Abstract: In the present paper, the taxonomic status of several Hispaniolan members of the genus Tityus C. L. Koch, 1966 is revised after examination of almost all primary types and abundant supplementary material. This resulted in six new synonymies, which involve both extant and fossil species. The extant taxa herein synonymized are Tityus anasilviae Armas et Abud, 2004 under Tityus ottenwalderi Armas, 1999, Tityus bahoruco Teruel et Armas, 2006 under Tityus crassimanus (Thorell, 1876), Tityus ebanoverde Armas, 1999 under Tityus elii Armas et Marcano, 1992, and Tityus septentrionalis Armas et Abud, 2004 under Tityus portoplatensis Armas et Marcano, 1992. The fossil taxa herein synonymized are Tityus azari Lourenço, 2013† and Tityus (Brazilotityus) hartkorni Lourenço, 2009†, both under Tityus geratus Santiago-Blay et Poinar, 1988†. Updated distribution maps are given for all extant senior synonyms.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Mar 2017 06:05:04 PDT
       
  • Serradigitus miscionei, the first vaejovid scorpion
           to exhibit parthenogenesis

    • Authors: Richard F. Ayrey
      Abstract: Thelytokous parthenogenesis (all-female broods) is strongly suggested for the vaejovid species Serradigitus miscionei (Vaejovidae) from southern Arizona, USA. This conclusion is based on the examination of 187 specimens and 15 broods, all determined as females.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 11:00:37 PST
       
  • The missing piece of the puzzle solved: Heteronebo Pocock, 1899
           (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) occurs at Isla de Pinos, Cuba

    • Authors: Rolando Teruel et al.
      Abstract: The diplocentrine scorpion genus Heteronebo Pocock, 1899 is recorded herein for the first time from Isla de Pinos, southwestern Cuba. A total of 15 specimens of Heteronebo bermudezi (Moreno, 1938) were collected in two nearby localities of the southern coast of the island, where it occurs in exactly the same habitat previously known for this species in Guanahacabibes Peninsula and two cays of Canarreos Archipelago. The allegedly polytypic status of this species is also revised and full species rank is restored to the subspecies Heteronebo bermudezi morenoi (Armas, 1973). An updated distribution map of H. bermudezi is provided.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 05:35:32 PST
       
 
 
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