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Jurnal Humaniora
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0852-0801 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9269
Published by Universitas Gadjah Mada Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Cover 30(1) 2018

    • Authors: Humaniora Humaniora
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Content List 30(1) 2018

    • Authors: Humaniora Humaniora
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Othering and Selfing: Reading Gender Hierarchies and Social Categories in
           Michel Houellebecq's Novel Soumission

    • Authors: Wening Udasmoro
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: In literature, questions of the self and the other are frequently presented. The identity politics that gained prominence after the attack on the World Trade Center in New York on 11 September 2001 has occupied considerable space in this debate throughout the globe, including in France. One example of a novel dealing with the self and other is Michel Houellebecq’s Soumission (2015). This article attempts to explore the processes of selfing and othering in this work. The politics of identity that seems to present Muslims and Islam as the other and French as the self is also extended to other identities and aspects involved in the novel. This article attempts to show, first, how the French author Houellebecq positions the self and other in Soumission; second, the type of self and other the novel focuses on; and third, how its selfing and othering processes reveal the gender hierarchy and social categorization of French society. It finds that the novel presents a hierarchy in its narrative through which characters are positioned based on their gender and sexual orientation, as well as their age and ethnic heritage.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.32122
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Female Monsters: Figuring Female Transgression in Jennifer's Body
           (2009) and The Witch (2013)

    • Authors: Aidatul Chusna, Shofi Mahmudah
      Pages: 10 - 16
      Abstract: This paper aimed to examine the depiction of the monstrous feminine in two horror flms, 2009’s Jennifer’s Bodyand 2015’s The Witch, by investigating how horror flms confront transgression through the construction of woman as a monstrous fgure in the story. The theory of abjection proposed by Julia Kristeva and of the monstrous feminine by Barbara Creed were used in the analysis. The main data were taken from these two flms, focusing on the characterization and narrative aspects. It was found that the depiction of the monstrous feminine in both flms was through the use of monstrous acts and images. The way in which these flms constructed monstrosity indicates female transgression of patriarchal boundaries, specifcally on the issue of gender identity and religiosity. The transgression emphasizes that there is no absolute identity, and thus boundaries are disrupted due to this fluid identity
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.31499
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Cyclicity of Second-hand-ness: The Language and Translation of Afrizal
           Malna’s “Toko Bekas Bahasa A dan B”

    • Authors: Zita Reyninta Sari
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract: Penned by the Indonesian poet, Afrizal Malna, “Toko Bekas Bahasa A dan B” is a poem with the prominent theme of second-hand-ness. This paper examines the use of language in Malna’s poem, along with its co-relation with its English translation by Gracia Asri, using translation theory from Marilyn Gaddis Rose and Lacan’s psychoanalytic theory on language and speech. Ultimately, this research found the presence of two cyclical relationships (cyclicities) in the following forms: (1) the cyclicity of language in the form of the co-dependent relationship between “problem” and “language”, made apparent by the non-normative translation of the poem, and (2) the cyclicity of language “birth” performed by characters A and B. These two cyclicities are constantly renewing themselves inside the scope of the poem.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.27389
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • "Are My Songs Literature'": A Postmodern Appraisal of Bob Dylan's
           American Popular Music Culture

    • Authors: Marwa Essam Eldin Alkhayat
      Pages: 27 - 38
      Abstract: The current study is a postmodern appraisal of Bob Dylan’s artistic career and vocal gestures to examine the way melody in popular music works in relation to speech and singing, the grand and the ordinary. It historicizes Bob Dylan’s protest music of the 1960s within the paradigm of folk music culture. Dylan’s music is full of riffs, blues sequences, and pentatonic melodies—all heavily part and parcel of blues, folk, gospel, and country music. It is the music that dwells on the pleasures of repetition, of circularity, and of the recurring familiar tune integrated within Dylanesque poetics of rhyme delivered with his idiosyncratic, deep and intense range of voices. Dylan is the official son of the legacies of social, communal, and ritual music-making that mirrors contemporary pop and rock back to folk and blues, street-sung broadsides and work songs, the melodies of medieval troubadours, and the blessed rhythms of Christianity and Judaism. The study is an attempt to illustrate how musicology and ethnomusicology in particular can contribute to understanding Dylan as a ‘performing artist’ within the postmodern paradigm. Thus, the study seeks to establish Dylan as a phenomenal, prolific postmodernist artist, as well as an anarchist. The power and originality of Dylan’s music constitute a prima facie case that his performances should be considered postmodernist art.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.32137
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Deconstructing Concealed Gayness Text in The Film Negeri van Oranje:
           Critical Discourse Analysis

    • Authors: Heri Setiawan
      Pages: 39 - 49
      Abstract: As one of the most popular creative cultural products, film sometimes speaks beyond what it presents. It is not always produced merely for entertainment purposes, but also to spread a certain ideology and represent a particular culture. Anchored in queer theory, this research looks at the Indonesian film, Negeri Van Oranje, which was chosen purposely to be analyzed using Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis model with an aim to deconstruct the concealed gayness text in the film. From the analysis, it was found that the gay scenes in the film try to tell its audience about the positions, feelings, challenges, and rejections that Indonesian gay people experience living amongst heteronormative surroundings. Some new notions about gay people’s life in Indonesia are extracted based on the analysis of the gay scenes in the film. The strategy of inserting gay content into a film nationally released in Indonesia is also revealed. The results of the analysis could be used to create a picture of what gay life looks like in Indonesia, a multicultural country that is well-known as the place in which the world’s largest Muslim population dwells.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.26991
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Self-regulation as Correlates to Students’ Voices and Achievement in
           TOEFL Score

    • Authors: Monika Dini Kurniasari
      Pages: 50 - 57
      Abstract: Students’ engagement and persistence in test preparation require their use of self-regulated learning strategies to negate distraction and facilitate good preparation. This research aimed to investigate students’ self-regulation strategies when taking a TOEFL preparation course, by measuring their attitudes towards the course and analyzing the correlation between their pre-test and progress test scores. The data collected comprised self-reported answers from a Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire and the scores of a pre-test and progress test taken by the students during the course. The students were cognizant that hard work affected learning performance, valuing in particular overcoming difficult tasks or continuing to learn even when performance lagged. A strong positive correlation was also found between pre-test and progress test scores (r = 0.8422), indicating high academic performance in the students. These findings emphasize the importance of developing students’ methods of learning and practice. Students should be empowered to become regulated-learners, and should be made more aware of different self-regulated learning strategies to better evaluate, regulate, and improve their own performance.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.26173
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • The Impact of Translation Shift and Method on Translation Accuracy Found
           at Bilingual History Textbook

    • Authors: Kammer Tuahman Sipayung
      Pages: 58 - 66
      Abstract: Well-translated bilingual history textbook can be as a well source of language knowledge. The purposes of this research were to figure out the dominant translation shift, method and the impact of dominant shift and method on accuracy translation aspect. The researcher used descriptive qualitative method to figure out the purpose of research. There are two kinds of data in this research: affective and objective data. The affective data are from key-informants in the form of scale. Objective data are from bilingual history textbook choosen randomly sampling in the form of words, phrases, clauses, sentences and text. The findings of this research shows that 1) The dominant translation shift is unit shift 58,33%, structure shift: 30%, class shift: 7,77% and intra-system shift: 3.88%. 2) The dominant translation method is free translation: 57.57%, communicative translation: 19.69%, adaptation translation: 13.63% and semantic translation method: 9.09%. 3) The impact unit shift and free translation method influence the lack accuracy of translation level: 2.38. There are 60% from the bilingual history textbook is lack accuracy of translation.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.27754
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Vanishing Frontiers: A Javanese Plantation Emplacement, 1870s –

    • Authors: Pujo Semedi Hargo Yuwono
      Pages: 67 - 81
      Abstract: The introduction of the Agrarian Law of 1870 led hundreds of would-be Dutch planters to try their luck in the plantation business. Soon, dots of settlements where coolies from lowlands were housed emerged on the island map. Plantation emplacements were different from ordinary villages, as they were established mainly to keep the labor force ready to work. They were regimented villages. Using data collected from Jolotigo tea plantation in Central Java, this paper discusses how a plantation emplacement was established, reached its heyday, and eventually dissolved in the course of history. I will use this discussion to question the old thesis of the domination of workers by capitalistic enterprises. Is a capitalistic plantation company really powerful enough to control workers in order to guarantee its business interests'
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.33431
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • Misrepresentation of Science and Expertise: Reflecting on Half a Century
           of Indonesian Anthropology

    • Authors: Irwan Abdullah
      Pages: 82 - 91
      Abstract: Indonesian anthropology was founded in 1957 and developed since then in various universities. After more than fifty years of inhabiting these lecture halls, anthropology’s orientation as a science has transformed from a discipline that bestows on graduates the ability to think into one in which graduates are prepared for a career of conductingfield research ordered by others. This article reflects on the shifts that have occurred in anthropology, focusing on three of the field’s central figures in Indonesia: Koentjaraningrat, Masri Singarimbun, and Parsudi Suparlan. During the lives of these three pioneers, anthropology playeda central role in critically evaluating humanitarian projects, and as such anthropologists frequently served to protect the weak and marginal. Anthropologists were on the frontlines of every discussion regarding the future of the nation, enabling anthropological perspectives to be accommodated in policy. Today, anthropologists seem locked into their own academic spaces. The results of anthropological field research are often said to provide unique and interesting—but irrelevant—stories. This article recommends a fundamental transformation in the curriculum, allowing the politics of science to be reconsidered and reformulated to ensure anthropology maintains a central role in resolving future humanitarian problems.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.33429
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • The Integration of Religion and Culture to Construct Social Identity
           Through The Pukul Sapu Ritual in Mamala Village, Moluccas

    • Authors: Flavius Floris Andries
      Pages: 92 - 101
      Abstract: The integration of religion and culture to build the discourse of social identity is an interesting issue. For Mamala, a village in the Moluccas, Indonesia, society consists of two embedded identities, namely religion and culture, in the construction of social identities. This research discusses religious and cultural integration in the construction of social identity by means of a flagellation ritual known as pukul sapu. This research applies qualitative methods to analyze qualitative data gathered through observation, in-depth interviews and document reviews. In particular, this research attempts to answer (a) why the pukul sapu ritual is performed by the Mamala community on the seventh day after Iedul Fitri, (b) how the ritual is carried out, (c) what elements are used in the ritual process, and (d) what meaning emerged in connection with the construction of their identity as Muslims and also as a society of customs. The research subjects consisted of a number of religious figures, customary figures, and people who are directed to participate in the review process of the ritual. This study shows that the ritual is regarded as a medium to construct the social identity (religion and culture). The integration of religion and culture in Mamala has proven that the social identity of this society includes religion and culture formed by dialectical processes, namely adaptation, relations, and negotiations between local traditions coupled with the influence of Javanese traditions. This, in fact, describes liquid social identity instead of static movement.
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.27603
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • [Book Review] Women Who Work: Rewriting the Rules for Success

    • Authors: Ashika Prajnya Paramita
      Pages: 102 - 104
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.32371
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
  • [Book Review] Origin

    • Authors: Herdina Primasanti
      Pages: 105 - 107
      PubDate: 2018-02-24
      DOI: 10.22146/jh.v30i1.32948
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 1 (2018)
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