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Journal Cover Forum Italicum : A Journal of Italian Studies
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0014-5858 - ISSN (Online) 2168-989X
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [739 journals]
  • Linguistic identities of Italian in Italy and North America
    • Authors: Haller, H. W; Repetti, L.
      Pages: 183 - 187
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529708|hwp:resource-id:spfoi;48/2/183
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • On language unity and disunity
    • Authors: Saltarelli; M.
      Pages: 188 - 201
      Abstract: A millenary ethnic and cultural history of Italic settlements, Latin hegemonic contact, followed by isolation and external punctuations prior to unification in 1861 under one territorial and legal state created a diverse metalinguistic complex in the Italian peninsula, albeit reflected in extraordinarily rich expression in the arts and sciences as recognized in global society today. In the historicist approach, the role and effects of unity under one state over the last 150 years is recognized in contrast with the prior highly fractured situation as ‘many little states’ under varied (and lingering foreign) influence, including new linguistic (French) and ideological hegemony. The theme of this article deals specifically with the ontology of Italian ‘linguistic identity’ from a human perspective, that personal and group identification that brings us together or divides us in post-modern society toward the quest for linguistic rights as human rights. Owing to the unifying effect (largely achieved) of the Italian language in public schools since unification, the questione della lingua may rise again as an issue. The question is critically revisited in the historical background of Manzoni, the Italian umanesimo and Dante’s De vulgari eloquentia.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529233|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529233
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Italia linguistica and the European Charter for Regional or Minority
    • Authors: Cravens; T. D.
      Pages: 202 - 218
      Abstract: The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages requires member states that have ratified and signed to support the survival and use of longstanding minority languages within their borders. While the Charter offers some guidance in the selection of qualified languages, its definitions are far from rigorous and leave considerable room for arbitrary selection. Moreover, the selections are left entirely to government entities of each state. The result in the case of Italy is that a very small collection of the nation’s plethora of languages has been deemed worthy of support. This article urges reconsideration of the decision-making process in light of the plurilinguistic reality of Italy and the Charter’s purpose of guaranteeing linguistic minorities the integrity of their voice.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529221|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529221
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Where did all the dialects go' Aspects of the influence of Italian on
    • Authors: Repetti; L.
      Pages: 219 - 226
      Abstract: The influence of standard Italian on the minor Romance languages spoken in Italy (i.e. the Italian dialects) permeates all aspects of their grammar. In this article, I provide an example of the way in which Italian prosody can affect dialects, a poorly studied type of influence. I show that a speaker may have a range of options available when speaking ‘dialect,’ including forms that are influenced by Italian to a greater or lesser degree.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529529|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529529
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Forging a linguistic identity in the age of the Internet
    • Authors: Danesi; M.
      Pages: 227 - 237
      Abstract: Today, computer-mediated communication (CMC) has made written communication a prevalent form of daily interaction through e-mails, Facebook, Twitter, text messages and the like. As a consequence, languages (written and spoken) seem to be shaped more and more by the modalities of digital media and of an ‘instant communication response’ culture. Linguistic identity, or the use of language to portray oneself as part of a community, is being shaped as well by the same modalities. Traditionally, the way individuals and communities used specific forms of language in face-to-face (F2F) situations shaped perceptions of identity (personal and communal). Now, the question can be asked: Are these changing in the age of the Internet, when CMC has extended the concept of community in a global way' This article will look at this question as it concerns linguistic identity in Italy, assessing its implications in the light of the traditional sociolinguistic study of language as a conveyor of identity.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529223|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529223
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Evolving linguistic identities among the Italian-American youth:
           Perceptions from linguistic autobiographies
    • Authors: Haller; H. W.
      Pages: 238 - 252
      Abstract: Observations and discussions concerning the form and use of Italian and dialects in geographical and social space have a long tradition, beginning with Dante’s De vulgari eloquentia and culminating in seemingly endless debates of the Questione della lingua up to the modern age. Numerous writers have expressed opinions concerning stylistic choices of language and dialects in their works. While these debates were aimed frequently at the question of what constitutes Italy’s standard language and how dialects and alloglot minority languages ought to be treated, fewer texts address individual perceptions of language practice and individual language histories. This gap began to be filled with Nencioni’s (1983) trailblazing linguistic autodiachrony, and by the narratives of other scholars of linguistics, such as Renzi (2002) and Francescato (1982). In addition, linguistic autobiographies written by students at Italian universities generally point to the continued vitality of Italian dialects in Italian society. This article focuses on linguistic autobiographies written by Italian-American students. Based on a small corpus of short linguistic biographies written in Italian linguistics courses, it aims at studying perceptions of evolving linguistic identities among Italian-American youth, with an emphasis on the second generation. The texts address changing linguistic behavior and attitudes, from childhood through adulthood, pondering exposure to Italian dialects, standard Italian, English and other languages. Despite differences among dynamically evolving individual identities, second-generation Italian-American youth tends to value non-standard varieties, particularly through the memory of their childhood dialects. They also appear to value multilingualism in the urban environment. Writing short linguistic autobiographies was considered a challenge by their authors and, despite their approximations, deliberate omissions and memory lapses, valued as a step toward greater language awareness.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529230|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529230
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Language and identities in US communities of Italian origin
    • Authors: De Fina; A.
      Pages: 253 - 267
      Abstract: In this article I discuss relationships between language use and identity among Italian Americans. I argue that the study of identities needs to abandon essentialist stances that are particularly common in research on Italian Americans, and approach identity construction as a process that takes place within concrete social practices enacted by specific communities. I provide a brief overview of the linguistic development of Italian Americans in the USA in order to provide a frame of reference to the discussion of the links between language use and identities. I then focus in particular on the following phenomena: symbolic uses of individual Italian words or expressions within talk in English, engagement with the heritage language in Italian-American families and storytelling, to illustrate how Italianness is constructed through those practices in different communities. I use these examples also to problematize the idea that knowledge of the heritage language is central to ethnic identification.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529227|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529227
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Heritage nation vs heritage language: Towards a more nuanced rhetoric of
           'heritage' in Italian language pedagogy
    • Authors: Tortora; C.
      Pages: 268 - 291
      Abstract: Language programs in the US frequently invoke the notion of heritage in order to spark student interest in language learning. The idea is that acquisition of a particular language can connect a student to their past in ways that can empower them and give them a richer appreciation of their own ethnic background. This article addresses this ‘appeal to heritage’ approach to the promotion of language learning, in relation to Italian. I discuss the disconnect between the language of the classroom on the one hand and true Italian-American linguistic heritage on the other. My purpose is to facilitate an informed discussion of linguistic reality, which is that many members of the Italian diaspora descend from ancestors who were monolingual dialettofoni. I argue that the facts of linguistic diversity in Italy and dialect heritage in the US should be central to any discourse which aims to promote the learning of Italian as a gateway to our students’ pasts. While there is no question that knowledge of Standard Italian gives access to Italy, which in turn can give access to the Italian-American student’s heritage culture(s), it is necessary to formulate a more precise understanding of the link between ‘knowledge of Italian’ on the one hand, and ‘Italian heritage’ on the other – a link which is much less direct than is often suggested.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529533|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529533
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • The Italian new wave: Identity work and socialization practices in a
           community of new Italian immigrants in America
    • Authors: Fellin; L.
      Pages: 292 - 310
      Abstract: The majority of works on language in Italian immigrant communities in the USA concern immigrants of the 19th and 20th century migratory waves and their descendants. There is, however, a lack of studies focusing on the most recent influx of Italians who have migrated to the USA in the last 30 years. They have arrived in smaller numbers, yet in a constant stream and are adding to the ranks of the new generations of Italian Americans. The context of emigration of the two groups is notably different, as is their sociolinguistic background and their linguistic practices in the new context of arrival. The ‘new wave’ of Italians is intersecting with American society at large and with the Italian American community that preceded them, with which there is a complex relationship. This article focuses on this new wave of Italians, centering, in particular, on the symbolic practices enacted by a group of families who have recently immigrated to the USA, dealing with the language socialization of their American-born children. Drawing from interviews and ethnographic observation, it highlights new immigrants’ approach to language maintenance and transmission, and their symbolic practices relied on for identity performance. Identity is viewed through a constructivist lens, as negotiated and performed in interaction (Bucholtz and Hall, 2005, 2008), and language maintenance strategies are analyzed through the perspective of language socialization (Ochs, 1993, 1998; Scheiffelin, 1990). This study expands the discussion on Italian immigrant identity in the USA to include its most recent arrivals and simultaneously broadens the scope of Italian diasporic studies.
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529228|hwp:master-id:spfoi;0014585814529228
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Silvia Morgana, Storia linguistica di Milano
    • Authors: D'Eugenio; D.
      Pages: 311 - 314
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529235|hwp:resource-id:spfoi;48/2/311
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Massimo Vedovelli (ed.), Storia linguistica dell'emigrazione italiana nel
    • Authors: Romanello; E.
      Pages: 314 - 318
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529242|hwp:resource-id:spfoi;48/2/314
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
  • Luigia Garrapa, Vowel elision in Florentine Italian
    • Authors: Marotta; G.
      Pages: 318 - 321
      PubDate: 2014-07-11T01:43:29-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0014585814529239|hwp:resource-id:spfoi;48/2/318
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 2 (2014)
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