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Journal Cover International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1809-9777 - ISSN (Online) 1809-4864
     Published by Thieme Publishing Group Homepage  [157 journals]
  • Dysphagia: A Symptom to Be Controlled
    • Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 2014; 18: 090-091
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1372694



      Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

      Article in Thieme eJournals:
      Table of contents     open access Full text

      Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 2014; 18: 090-0912014-05-02T22:53:40+01:00
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 02 (2014)
       
  • Auditory Brainstem Response in Term and Preterm Infants with Neonatal
           Complications: The Importance of the Sequential Evaluation

    • Authors: Silva; Daniela da, Lopez, Priscila, Mantovani, Jair Cortez
      Abstract: Introduction Literature data are not conclusive as to the influence of neonatal complications in the maturational process of the auditory system observed by auditory brainstem response (ABR) in infants at term and preterm. Objectives Check the real influence of the neonatal complications in infants by the sequential auditory evaluation. Methods Historical cohort study in a tertiary referral center. A total of 114 neonates met inclusion criteria: treatment at the Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening Program of the local hospital; at least one risk indicator for hearing loss; presence in both evaluations (the first one after hospital discharge from the neonatal unit and the second one at 6 months old); all latencies in ABR and transient otoacoustic emissions present in both ears. Results The complications that most influenced the ABR findings were Apgar scores less than 6 at 5 minutes, gestational age, intensive care unit stay, peri-intraventricular hemorrhage, and mechanical ventilation. Conclusion Sequential auditory evaluation is necessary in premature and term newborns with risk indicators for hearing loss to correctly identify injuries in the auditory pathway.
      Citation: Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. ; : -
      PubDate: 2014-05-28T14:43:02+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1378137
       
  • Treatment Model in Children with Speech Disorders and Its Therapeutic
           Efficiency

    • Authors: Barberena; Luciana, Keske-Soares, Márcia, Cervi, Taís, Brandão, Mariane
      Abstract: Introduction Speech articulation disorders affect the intelligibility of speech. Studies on therapeutic models show the effectiveness of the communication treatment. Objective To analyze the progress achieved by treatment with the ABAB—Withdrawal and Multiple Probes Model in children with different degrees of phonological disorders. Methods The diagnosis of speech articulation disorder was determined by speech and hearing evaluation and complementary tests. The subjects of this research were eight children, with the average age of 5:5. The children were distributed into four groups according to the degrees of the phonological disorders, based on the percentage of correct consonants, as follows: severe, moderate to severe, mild to moderate, and mild. The phonological treatment applied was the ABAB—Withdrawal and Multiple Probes Model. The development of the therapy by generalization was observed through the comparison between the two analyses: contrastive and distinctive features at the moment of evaluation and reevaluation. Results The following types of generalization were found: to the items not used in the treatment (other words), to another position in the word, within a sound class, to other classes of sounds, and to another syllable structure. Conclusion The different types of generalization studied showed the expansion of production and proper use of therapy-trained targets in other contexts or untrained environments. Therefore, the analysis of the generalizations proved to be an important criterion to measure the therapeutic efficacy.
      Citation: Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. ; : -
      PubDate: 2014-05-28T14:41:03+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1376885
       
  • An Unusual Complication of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media: Bezold
           Abscess Progressing to Scapular Abscess

    • Authors: Pradhananga; Rabindra
      Abstract: Introduction Suppurative otitis media is still the most common ear disease in developing countries. Otogenic complications of this disease have decreased considerably because of the advent of antibiotics, and few rare complications have been encountered. Objective To report a case of a patient with scapular abscess and lumber cellulitis that had progressed from Bezold abscess as a complication of squamous-type chronic suppurative otitis media. Resumed Report A 14-year-old girl presented with foul-smelling, purulent, left ear discharge of 1-year duration and decreased hearing on same ear of 6-month duration. She developed painful swelling in left side of neck with restricted neck movement and high-grade fever of 3-day duration and swelling over the left scapular area of 1-day duration. The examination and investigation diagnosed squamous-type chronic suppurative otitis media with Bezold abscess progressing to scapular abscess and lumber cellulitis. Final Comment Chronic suppurative otitis media can lead to abscess in any part of body.
      Citation: Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. ; : -
      PubDate: 2014-05-28T14:37:39+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1372511
       
 
 
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