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Libellarium : journal for the history of writing, books and memory institutions    [6 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1846-8527 - ISSN (Online) 1846-8527
     Published by University of Zadar Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Sections and features in newspapers published in Osijek from mid-19th to
           mid-20th century: overview of continuity and changes
    • Authors: Josipa Selthofer, Martina Jošavac
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to present the development of sections and features in newspapers published in Osijek from mid-19th to mid-20th century. The paper focuses on the establishment, development and shaping of sections, i.e. their setting, headings, name changes, change patterns, graphic and typographical solutions, etc. The research was conducted in the Newspaper Collection of the Museum of Slavonia. It was based on two criteria: years of publication and cultural importance, and included the following newspapers: Die Drau, Slavonische Presse, Narodna (Hrvatska) obrana and Hrvatski list. The research results prove that newspaper sections and features are only in the initial stage of development as a concept of newspaper content organization. Their names are mostly highlighted graphically as sub-headings on a page, often not systematically. The more important news is often not embedded in feature sections - features are a content element and not an organizational category. They often gather related information and occur only when there’s a sufficient amount of particular type of information. The paper takes a fresh look at investigating the history of Croatian newspapers, showing not only the development of sections and features, but also how research of this type can help reconstruct social change and the way it is reflected in daily newspapers, as we can assume that a new section or feature is introduced only when there is increased interest or sufficient attention of the public to a particular topic.
      PubDate: 2013-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Media discourse on Split reading rooms and libraries in Dalmatian
           periodicals (1862 - 1918)
    • Authors: Ivanka Kuić
      Abstract: The paper focuses on the media discourse on reading rooms and libraries as a historical phenomenon that describes the role and place of reading rooms and libraries in Dalmatia in the 60ties of the 19th century and World War I. The papers in Dalmatian newspapers from that period, as materialized forms of discourse, answer many important questions related to the history of Croatian librarianship: how were the reading rooms and libraries established and what crucial concept determined their role and place in a particular period in history. The paper presents the historical concept, conditions in which the discourse occurred, discourse types and functions, conceptual structure, and transformation processes towards new discourse practices. The discourse analysis has shown that the reading rooms and libraries are cultural artifacts strongly influenced by the social context. Two stages in the development of discourse have been identified: in the first stage the discourse takes a considerable role in metaphorical games and construction of mythical structures - ethnic identity, national unity and language community. On the conceptual level the role of reading rooms and libraries is recognized in the deconstruction of traditional relations - they are a territorially separate, exclusive place of symbolic production, creation of new social structures and cultural values. In that context, the activities of libraries are underrepresented compared to other activities of reading rooms. The second stage, which started in the 90ies of the 19th century, is marked by discourse multiplication, differentiation of library organization structure and function from other functions of culture, and the strong influence of new discourse. The media discourse presents the change of conceptual structures, in which the role and place of libraries is interpreted in the context of the role of knowledge and education in meeting society goals in the situation of social differentiation, and need for further construction of modern society and collective subjectivism. By contrast, the main feature of this stage is the strong influence of the knowledge discourse, supported institutionally by the role of libraries in knowledge dissemination.
      PubDate: 2013-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Formatting and paratextual elements in Croatian books printed in
           Divald’s print house by 1800
    • Authors: Zoran Velagić, Andrej Kristek
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to investigate formatting and use of paratextual elements in books printed in Croatian in Ivan Martin Divald’s print house in Osijek from 1779 to the end of the 18th century. The corpus included Divald’s books from the Essekiana Collection of the library in The Museum of Slavonia in Osijek. The research was conducted by correlating the format, genre, presence or absence of paratextual elements and formatting, looking in particular at paragraph and chapter organization and use of notes. The research results show that a standardized format as well as formatting was used (textual organization, use of notes), but that the paratextual elements were not used in a systematic fashion. By focusing on a shorter time-span and one print house only, we excluded the possible influence of different print styles and practices, which made the formatting independent of different designer approaches. This is also the major limitation of this research, as a small corpus does not allow for generalizations.
      PubDate: 2013-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Modeling of the positioning system and visual mark-up of historical
           cadastral maps
    • Authors: Tomislav Jakopec, Mirjana Jurić
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to present of the possibilities of positioning and visual markup of historical cadastral maps onto Google maps using open source software. The corpus is stored in the Croatian State Archives in Zagreb, in the Maps Archive for Croatia and Slavonia. It is part of cadastral documentation that consists of cadastral material from the period of first cadastral survey conducted in the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia from 1847 to 1877, and which is used extensively according to the data provided by the customer service of the Croatian State Archives. User needs on the one side and the possibilities of innovative implementation of ICT on the other have motivated the development of the system which would use digital copies of original cadastral maps and connect them with systems like Google maps, and thus both protect the original materials and open up new avenues of research related to the use of originals. With this aim in mind, two cadastral map presentation models have been created. Firstly, there is a detailed display of the original, which enables its viewing using dynamic zooming. Secondly, the interactive display is facilitated through blending the cadastral maps with Google maps, which resulted in establishing links between the coordinates of the digital and original plans through transformation. The transparency of the original can be changed, and the user can intensify the visibility of the underlying layer (Google map) or the top layer (cadastral map), which enables direct insight into parcel dynamics over a longer time-span. The system also allows for the mark-up of cadastral maps, which can lead to the development of the cumulative index of all terms found on cadastral maps. The paper is an example of the implementation of ICT for providing new services, strengthening cooperation with the interested public and related institutions, familiarizing the public with the archival material, and offering new possibilities for the pedagogical activities of the archives.
      PubDate: 2013-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Efficiency of PR communication in establishing links between archives and
           students: case study of the State Archives in Zadar
    • Authors: Goran Pavelin
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to highlight the changing role of archives and to use the case study to indicate the lacking communication with students due to the absence of PR activities, as well as to point to the difficulties of access to digital archival materials needed for student research. Using PR strategies the archives can sensitise the public for its material through different public programmes, exhibitions and fostering goodmedia relations. The archives try to develop good relations with target groups, in this case with students as potential users, taking into consideration their research needs and materials they are interested in. Research findings on student needs for archival data are extremely rare, even in recent American research. Therefore, we conducted this research using a questionnaire for students of four departments of the University of Zadar (geography, history, art history, tourism and communication), who were users of the State Archives in Zadar. The research results show whether the subjects use archival material, for what purposes, and what other resources they used prior to archival material. It also provides information on the level of familiarity with online archival material and use of web pages with archival resources. We can conclude that the students in Zadar are not well acquainted with the digital resources and use them rarely for their research purposes. The situation can be improved by having the State Archives in Zadar take a more proactive role in identifying target groups of students, their user profiles, difficulties they face, and by allowing a more flexible access to archival material. In addition to goo d relations with the Department of Information Sciences, the Archives should foster links with other departments and include them in planning and implementation of their programmes.
      PubDate: 2013-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Kajkavian catechism with a spelling book
    • Authors: Zoran Velagić
      Abstract: The National Széchényi Library (Országos Széchényi Könyvtár) in Budapest holds a small kajkavian catechism with a spelling book registered under number 301 879. It has 8 pages and the 15 cm spine. There is no data on the time or place of its printing. There have been no accounts or studies of this publication, and as it is completely unknown to the Croatian scientific community, it is reprinted in this issue of Libellarium. (Zoran Velagić)
      PubDate: 2013-03-27
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
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