Libellarium : journal for the history of writing, books and memory institutions
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1846-8527 - ISSN (Online) 1846-8527
Published by U of Zadar [1 journal]
- People from Brač, emigrant press in Chile and newspaper Domovina - from
the late 19th century to the beginning of World War I
Authors: Marina Krpan Smiljanec
First page: 109
Abstract: The topic of this paper is to set the starting point for studying the history of Croatian emigrant journalism in Chile from the earliest period of the settlement of Croats until the end of 1914, including the dominant population group from Brač. It was primarily the economic migration, which was caused by economic changes in the society in general, and economic changes as a consequence of political movements. The immigrants had the need for organizing themselves in various societies in the new country, and they also had the awareness of their own nationality and language. The unusually rapid assimilation (already in the first generation) calls into question the viability and the need to preserve heritage. Immigrant newspapers edited and run by Brač emigrant journalists, most notably Ivan Krstulović and Luka Bonačić, with the newspaper Domovina from Punta Arenas, were in the current literature perceived almost exclusively in terms of political orientation and struggle. The aim of this paper is to show that the local newspaper Domovina reflected and recorded phenomena and events significant for the daily life of the community with the intention of preservation its identity from the perspective of social history, especially in the section From the town and surrounding areas.
Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
- Information literacy of the academic library users
First page: 147
Abstract: Information literacy should be a foundation of any educational system, which would enable students and library users a more efficient way to perform academically and in everyday life. The research goal was to determine the level of information literacy among the students, users of the Library of Faculty of Food and Technology Osijek (PTFOS). A special survey – quiz was used to determine students’ knowledge of library collection and services. The sample of 115 students was surveyed between 16th and 27th of February 2015. The library users are aware of the conditions of using the library collections as well as library services, but they don't read messages on the library's bulletin board, desks and web site. The research results will be used as guidelines for improving information literacy and future research.
Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
- Wikipedija u akademskom okruženju: stavovi i iskustva studenata i
First page: 161
Abstract: Cilj je rada predstaviti rezultate istraživanja o stavovima i iskustvima studenata i nastavnika u odnosu na korištenje online enciklopedije Wikipedija u akademskom okruženju. Istraživanje je provedeno među studentima i nastavnicima na Sveučilištu J. J. Strossmayera u Osijeku putem tiskanih i online upitnika. S obzirom na stavove, istraživanje je pokazalo da studenti imaju pozitivnije mišljenje o Wikipediji od nastavnika te da se njihovi stavovi u značajnoj mjeri razlikuju po spolu, znanstvenom području te učestalosti korištenja fakultetske knjižnice i online baza podataka. Nastavnički se pak stavovi u značajnoj mjeri razlikuju jedino po spolu, pri čemu, kao i kod studentske populacije, muški ispitanici imaju općenito pozitivnije stavove o Wikipediji od ženskih. Iako rezultati pokazuju da se nastavnici izrazito rijetko koriste Wikipedijom u akademske svrhe, svega 19,8% ispitanih nastavnika svojim studentima izričito zabranjuje korištenje te mrežne enciklopedije. Nadalje, nastavnici Wikipediju češće koriste za potrebe nastave nego u kontekstu znanstvenoistraživačkog rada, a studenti Wikipediju koriste u većoj mjeri zbog lakoće pronalaženja informacija nego zbog kvalitetnih i pouzdanih članaka. Dok za nastavničko korištenje Wikipedije nije utvrđena statistički značajna razlika ni za jedan čimbenik (spol, zvanje, znanstveno područje), studentsko korištenje Wikipedije u značajnijoj se mjeri razlikuje po spolu, razini studija, znanstvenom području, akademskom uspjehu, učestalosti korištenja fakultetske knjižnice te percipiranom stavu nastavnika o korištenju tog izvora.
Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
- Author's rights in the digital age: how Internet and peer-to-peer
First page: 27
Abstract: Author's rights and copyright law have gone through quite a few changes in the 'post-print' culture of binary systems, digital formations and techno-practices. Technological development supports new concept of author's rights by promoting free internet and digital market, as well as new contemporary experience of culture that is being rooted in digital technology, mass communication and the world of multimedia and virtuality. Though computer and digital technology have served both authors and users in various ways, they have also served as a very fertile ground for sharing copyrighted content thus leading to numerous copyright infringements and conflicts with the copyright law. The aim of this paper is to identify and analyze the ways in which computer and digital technology have given rise to new trends in the production (e.g. remix culture) and consumption (e.g. peer-to-peer file sharing technology) of culture, but also to determine how new forms of distribution, use and sharing of digital content changed and shaped the perception of authorship in the 21st century. In order to analyze the dynamic, nature and structure by which new digital and networking technologies are affecting the concept of authorship and author's rights and to test the consistency of previously established hypotheses, we conducted a survey amongst general public. Altogether 535 questionnaires were completed. Data was analyzed using SPSS tool and quantitative method of analysis. In the analysis special attention was given to both, the concept of authorship in the digital environment and the concept of peer-to-peer file sharing technology as not so new, but still very popular networked architecture for distributing, using and sharing digital content. Results have shown that most of the respondents use peer-to-peer file sharing technology to access, consume and/or share different cultural content (e.g. movies, music, books, etc.) while violating the rights of copyright holders. That is one of the main reasons why copyright holders and creative industry constantly find new ways to fight peer-to-peer networking technology, especially commercial file sharing, thus sometimes restraining cultural production and even technological development. This leads to conclusion that this new dynamic, decentralized and distributed networked environment grounded in digital democracy and participating culture of prosumers asks for new legal initiatives and solutions. The research shows that the basic understanding of authorship and the right's of authors and other creative workers in the context of Internet culture and digital media hasn't changed a lot, but, by reason of new available digital means of production and tools of consumption, users attitudes, habits and practices towards them have. To resolve this conflict, law needs to find new mechanisms
- E-book perception of Croatian students
First page: 65
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to try to answer the question of students’ perception of e-book considering different forms of e-books students might have experience with. Questions of defining the e-book and attitudes toward e-book are considered separately. Research conducted by online questionnaire on student population show that the experience that students have with e-books mainly consists of pdf versions of printed books. Devices used for reading e-books are mainly desktop computers or laptops or in smaller degree tablets. E-readers are almost not used at all since the ownership of the e-readers among students is almost non-existent. That level of e-book experience influences students’ definition of e-book. Students mainly consider an e-book to be electronic version of printed book that is read on a computer. Considering the content that student mostly read on e-books it’s mainly scientific literature or exam materials. Fiction is almost exclusively read on paper. Given the choice of type of book students would in both cases rather chose paper, although in case of scientific literature and exam materials they are more open to e-books. Factor analysis was used to analyse characteristic that students recognize in e-books and result show three independent factors: Usefulness and practicality, Reading experience and Accessibility. Usefulness and practicality and accessibility was rated positively and reading experience negatively. These results are expected considering that students mostly read e-books on computers and not on dedicated reading devices.
- The role of modern academic libraries : survey of perceptions and
experiences of graduate students in social sciences and humanities
First page: 81
Abstract: Contemporary academic libraries have experienced profound changes lately under the influence of information and communication technology and changed approaches to teaching and learning. If academic libraries are to remain integral parts of educational experience of students, librarians and managers of academic institutions need to think anew their physical and virtual spaces and services The paper presents results of a survey which aimed to investigate the perceptions and experiences of graduate students in humanities and social sciences regarding physical and virtual library spaces and services, and to assess their satisfaction with them. Results of the study show that the largest number of respondents ue their academic library regularly (several time a month or week) and that more than half consider physical library spaces and services important for their successful learning. Interestingly, students reported that electronic library sources are more important to them than physical library spaces and services, although they prefer print material over electronic sources of information. Respondents had split opinions regarding their favourite learning place in the library: slightly more respondents preferred silent reading room over the group study room. The study has shown that perception adn use of academic library is influenced by gender, academic success and personal approach to the studying.
- Open access – deus ex machina for publishing scholarly journals'
First page: 1
Abstract: The article describes the evolution of scholarly communication through scholarly journals. It gives a short overview of the historical development, starting from the first journals in the 17th century to problems in the 20th century (such as increase in the number of journals, problems of accessibility, visibility, and journal access crisis). The open access (OA) movement is described. It arose from the “old tradition” facing new technologies and was supposed to be the solution to the journal crisis that culminated in 1990s. The idea, defined in the Budapest Open Access Initiative, was to assure free and unrestricted online availability of peer-reviewed journal literature. The beginnings of formal scholarly communication, back in 1665, had similar ideas of making research results available to the widest possible public. The idea was excellent – removing access barriers would increase visibility, impact and quality of research. Research has shown that OA articles have better impact and visibility (Lawrence, Brody, Harnad, Haajem, etc.). However, publishing scientific information has its costs. New models have been developed, some of them causing new restrictions and barriers. The most popular model is the author-pays model (article processing charges, APC) – if authors can afford to pay the processing charges, their work is published and thus more visible and more citable. However, if they cannot, a new problem arises – some research results, although valuable, are not published in open access and therefore they have lower visibility and impact. Another problem is the phenomenon of the so-called predatory publishers. Those publishers use the APC model but neglect quality control mechanisms in order to make profit. Their criteria for publishing are not positive peer-reviews but payments made by authors or their institutions. Predatory publishers’ practices are not only unethical, but also illegal, and they are a great threat to the development of science. New questions have arisen lately - has OA movement achieved its goal, has it evolved in the way it was supposed to, was it really dues ex machina for publishing scholarly journals, i.e. did it solve the access crisis. In conclusion, it is proposed that the solution to the problem of predatory publishers could be the development of a new set of information literacy skills that are based on finding, evaluating and properly using OA information. Universities and academic libraries should play an important role in developing those skills and competencies.
- Research infrastructure in Slovenia and the role of academic libraries
First page: 13
Abstract: In Slovenia, the scientific research infrastructure is implemented through a variety of information systems, and through other many times integrated systems. Due to the development of information and communication technologies, academic libraries are able to create, develop and maintain new library and information services by using the research infrastructure, which has not been used before. Some of these infrastructure systems in which the Central Technological Library at the University of Ljubljana participates are described in this paper. The paper discusses the activities of the Central specialized information centres as part of the Slovenian Current Research Information System SICRIS, consortial procurement of international scientific literature, and library's participation in some of the research projects. A new niche for the affirmation of academic libraries, special information services, such as the information support to the researchers in the process of publication in open access, are also discussed.