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Journal Cover Sabaragamuwa University Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1391-3166
   Published by Sri Lanka Journals Online Homepage  [48 journals]
  • Failures in Decolonization and ‘the Return to the Past’:
           Reading V.S. Naipaul

    • Abstract: This study examines the failures in decolonization and its political outcomes leading to a phenomenon called ‘totalitarianism’ in a transitional post-colonial context, as characterized in the works of V.S. Naipaul. It attempts to articulate how the post-colonial nations, once ‘abandoned’ by their Colonial Masters and then taken over by unsuccessful indigenous rulers, have encountered symptomatic political development within themselves ‘as finite limitations of their existence’ as they have emerged and are ideologically embedded in a historically affected consciousness (Gadamer 2006). To escape from the humiliation, dislocation, anxiety, jealousies and alienation generated by modern secularism and rationalism transmitted through colonialism itself, they seem to ‘return’ (Amin 2014: 81) to an ideology largely borrowed from history and tradition as ‘retrogressive nostalgia’ for today’s and tomorrow’s problems, which ultimately results in nothing but violent totalitarianism. In such transitional contexts where societies still struggle to come to terms with modernity, though the material conditions of life improved, the shift in mentality (Miao 2000) from one condition to a completely unprepared and unexpected phase remains crucial. The destructive energy that is often used against the universal civilizing force is seen here as a ‘compensation for the pain suffered through the disintegration of traditional forms of live’ (Habermas 2007: 102). This study, with the support of contemporary philosophical, political, literary and psychoanalytical interventions, dialectically examines how such symptomatic developments are empirically explored in the fictional and biographical works by V.S. Naipaul. Published on 2016-05-01 00:00:00
  • Meat Yield of the Strains Cobb 500, Hubbard Classic, Hubbard Flex, Hubbard
           15 under Open and Close House Condition

    • Abstract: Today Sri Lankan broiler industry has changed, selling of the whole carcass to separated carcass parts or deboned parts. In the processing industry there is a higher demand to gain the higher edible part, muscle yield and specially the breast muscle. The study was conducted to investigate the effect of strain and housing condition (open and close houses) to determine the meat yield of the broiler carcass. Hubbard Classic (HC), Hubbard Flex (HF), Hubbard 15 (H15) and Cobb 500 (C500) were the four commercial strains. At 38 days of their age, a total of 160 birds (40 birds from each strain / 80 birds from each housing condition) were randomly selected, slaughtered, eviscerated, weights were measured and dissected in to the separated parts (breast, thigh and drumstick). Weights of the body parts were recorded, deboned and the meat yield was measured. The research was designs by two factorial design. Data were statistically analyzed by using two-way Analysis of Variances (ANOVA) of SAS, 9 version. The birds that reared under the close houses showed the highest drumstick meatiness (p<0.05). The ratio of the breast muscle weight to all other muscles, the meatiness of the thigh and breast were not significant affected from the housing condition. When considering the effect of the strain the HC has gained the overall superiority except the meatiness of the breast (p > 0.05) and the thigh (p < 0.05). The HF was resulted the highest ratio for it. Other four indicators the HC resulted the higher ratio over the other three strain (p<0.05). As a conclusion, it can be recommended to the industry, rearing of HC under closed house system to gain higher meat yield. Published on 2015-05-01 00:00:00
  • An Investigation of the Open Innovation Landscape of Fish and Seafood
           Processing Industry in United Kingdom

    • Abstract: Co-creation or open innovation so far been studied mainly on product and process development in high-tech manufacturing industries. This paper attempts to investigate the involvement of external sources on fishery resource conservation in the UK. Drawing on a data collected from 32 small, medium and large fish and seafood processors and retail chains, we have investigated the positive contribution of external sources on resource conservation measures. Large processors and retail chains manage bigger networks and maintained close links with external crowds compared to small and medium. Creation and implementation of conservation measures through co-creation is common strategic tool and top gainers of the process were large processors and retail chains. Winning respect, establish trust among partners, build market image, value creation and brand promotion were the key perceived benefits. Published on 2015-05-01 00:00:00
  • An Investigation into the Efficacy of Applying the Principle of Rasa in
           Formulating Television Advertisements

    • Abstract: Rasa element in turn consists of ten parts, namely, Srungaarö, Karuna, Wiirö, Biibathsö, Shaanthö, Haasyö, Raudrö, Bhayanakö, Athbhuthö and vatsalyö. Objectives were to find whether or not ‘Rasa’ in Indian poetics can be used as an effective audio visual tool in the selected advertisement samples from Sri Lankan television and to make commercials more interesting by mixing existing Indian poetic theory with better understanding of the aesthetic sentiment known as ‘Rasa’. For the purpose of this research, specific advertisements have been selected from Sri Lankan television with special attention given to the ten elements of ‘Rasa’. Out of the ten elements of ‘Rasa’ Karuna and Shaanthö have not been found. There yet remains scope for improvement in the field of audio visuals with a better knowledge of Indian poetics and in conclusion it can be stated that any future studies done in relation to aesthetic sentiment or ‘Rasa’ will not be limited to benefitting the field of advertizing but would additionally benefit film making and the creation of videos for social awareness as well. Published on 2016-05-01 00:00:00
  • An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of An Olympism Education Programme to
           Resolve Conflicts Between Primary School Students in Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: This paper reports and discusses the findings of an experimental method study that investigated how Olympism education could strengthen competencies on conflict resolution, through delivery of socio-cultural values educating young students in ethnically divided societies in Sri-Lanka.The research examined the initiatives first by investigating the impact of education in promoting peace in Sri Lanka. Secondly, the study provided an explanation for the potential nature of Olympism in conflict resolution and promoting peace in Sri Lanka. The study has introduced an integrated model of Olympism values and conflict resolution strategies and has been tested among primary students who represent the two main Sri Lankan ethnic groups; Singhalese and Tamils. Considering the effects of the intervention, the most notable finding of this study was that conflict resolution and Olympism Education integrated curriculum intervention significantly improved experimental group students’ conflict resolution competencies regardless of their gender or ethnicity. This research concluded that strategically designed and carefully managed Olympism lessons can help students to develop and enhance competencies of conflict resolution. In order to achieve significant outcomes in young children’s ability to learn to resolve their conflicts when they were exposed to physical education lessons, it is needed to employ experiential learning opportunities through a well balanced theoretical basement and sporting activities. Published on 2016-05-01 00:00:00
  • Editorial Vol.13(2)

    • Abstract: This is both an exciting and a challenging point in history for taking up editorship of the multidisciplinary Journal, recognized as Sabaragamuwa University Journal. We are living through a new era of accountability in the research, and the journal serves to publish wide variety of research publications of both local as well as foreign researchers.First article brings the reader towards to the classical literature, the paper based on Ru Freeman’s A Disobedient Girl. Current issue provides the platform to publish research work on Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Sri Lanka. The article strengthen with current research evidence and will cater the demands of researchers engaged in CKD. Further, Journal provides the space to publish the research on biotechnology, and the article address the issue of seed treatments to increase germinability of Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). Final paper focuses on policy issues and the paper addresses the government SME programmes.Sabaragamuwa University Journal with its multidisciplinary nature cater the demands of wider audience as well as the forum to publish the research work of diverse group of researchers. I would like to express my deepest appreciation to all those who provided me the possibility to complete this issue. Special thanks goes to Mr. Prasad C. Iddamalgoda for his generous support on preparation of final layout of the journal and the facilitation of Center for the Research and Knowledge Dissemination (CRKD).Sabaragamuwa University Journal Vol.13(2) December 2014 Published on None
  • An Identity of One’s Own: The Use of Sri Lankan English in Ru
           Freeman’s A Disobedient Girl 1

    • Abstract: "… to convey in a language that is not one’s own, the spirit that is one’s own." Raja Rao, Foreword to KanthapuraThe attempt at establishing a form of English with a Sri Lankan identity goes as far back as 1896, with the publication of Glossary of Native & Foreign Words occurring [sic] in Official Correspondence & Other Documents (Gunesekera, 2005: 84), yet its revival after Independence owes to academics of the calibre of Professors H. A. Passé, Doric de Souza and Thiru Kandiah, and Godfrey Gunatilleke, promoting Sri Lankan English. However, it was as late as the early part of this century that the topic became a general subject of interest, with the media and the public being drawn into the debate. Today we see the symbol of the sword ("kaduwa”" ("lvqj")2, gradually giving way to that of the manna ("ukak"),3 as the new generation of Sri Lankan scholars and writers becomes more and more aware of the need for an English of their own. In this article, I shall discuss Ru Freeman's A Disobedient Girl (2009) in the light of this theory.Sabaragamuwa University Journal Vol.13(2) December 2014; 1-22 Published on None
  • Application of Seed Treatments to Increase Germinability of Cardamom
           (Elettaria cardamomum) Seeds under in vitro Conditions

    • Abstract: Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) has great commercial value as a spice in Sri Lanka. Due to the presence of hard seed coat, cardamom has low seed germination potential. Therefore the present study was conducted to study the potential to improve the seed germination by applying different mechanical, physical and chemical treatments and to develop a cost effective and rapid seed germination method in in vitro conditions.Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with ten replicates was used for the study. The seeds of cardamom were treated with 40 different seed treatments and surface sterilized by using 20% clorex. MS basal medium was used without plant growth regulators and solidified by 0.6% agar. Anova (DMRT) test showed that there were significant effects at p<0.05 level on seed germination of cardamom seeds with different seed treatments.According to the results 50% HNO3 for 15 min exposure was the best treatment to obtain higher number of germinated seeds (90%) within 6 weeks upto 0.6 cm height. The second and third best treatments were 75% HNO3 for 15 min and 75% HNO3 for 10 min which showed 80% and 65% seed germination percentages respectively. This experiment showed chemical treatment (HNO3) is the best to induce seed germination of E. cardamomum in in vitro conditions. The results obtained in this study will be important for plant breeders and farmers who cultivate these species commercially.Sabaragamuwa University Journal Vol.13(2) December 2014; 23-29 Published on None
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Sri Lanka - Current Research Evidence
           Justification: A Review

    • Abstract: In this article, the current scientific evidence of Chronic Kidney disease with unknown aetiology (CKDu), were critically reviewed and harnessed with other relevant literature with a view to justify the possible causative reason(s) for this chronic health problem. To this end, authors first reviewed the literature on socio-economic, environmental, meteorological, health and geo-environmental/chemical aspects in relation to the CKD of unknown aetiology in Sri Lanka and then studied the known aetiology of CKD (key medical facts) in detail highlighting a comprehensive list of causes. Based on the nature of economic development in the CKDu prevailing area, previous studies have suggested that the causative factor for CKDu is probably environmental and is related to the nature of anthropogenic activities. Therefore, authors investigated subject more into the chronic exposure to heavy metals associated with agricultural activities. Potential sources of heavy metals in the area are mentioned. The geochemical mobility and health effects of three selected elements namely arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) are studied in detail. The current scientific observations reported on CKD were evaluated with established chemical, geochemical, and health risk of As, Cd and Pb. According to the review, it can be justified that CKDu of the North Central Province (NCP) in Sri Lanka is a decease caused by the chronic exposure and cumulative effects of elevated levels of heavy metals associated with agricultural activities.Sabaragamuwa University Journal Vol.13(2) December 2014; 31-58 Published on None
  • Government SME Development Programs in Sri Lanka: A Review in the Lens of
           Transaction Cost Econo

    • Abstract: The study reviews the government SME development programs of Sri Lanka in the lens of transaction cost economics in order to understand whether they facilitate the development of a favourable transaction environment for SMEs to govern their transaction cost in an economizing manner. Data were collected from the national development plan, strategic plans of the cabinet ministries, which are responsible for the development of SMEs and other publications related to the government national level SME development programs. The study mainly analyses the activities of each SME development program being currently implemented by the Sri Lankan government, employing qualitative content analysis to understand whether they facilitate to access information and to select appropriate governance mechanism. The study recognized that SME development programs of Sri Lanka do not positively contribute to develop a favourable transaction environment for SMEs. The government SME development programs do not facilitate SMEs to access sufficient and reliable information which lead to make more rational decision, to safeguard transactions from opportunism and to select suitable governance mechanism. SME development programs have neglected in supporting formal governance; instead, they encourage relational governance to some extent only for selected SMEs. As a result, there is a high possibility that SMEs in Sri Lanka have a greater transaction cost which averts the growth of SMEs. Therefore, SME development programs need to focus their attention to develop a favourable transaction environment for SMEs providing reliable information which facilitate to make more rational decisions avoiding opportunism on the one hand and to select better governance structure on the other in order to accelerate the growth of SMEs in Sri Lanka.Sabaragamuwa University Journal Vol.13(2) December 2014; 59-81 Published on None
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Heriot-Watt University
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