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Journal Cover Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1994-2664 - ISSN (Online) 1994-2672
   Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [74 journals]
  • Editorial Notes

    • Authors: Man Bahadur Khattri
      Abstract: Acknowledgements.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15887
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • Remittance Received by Households of Western Chitwan Valley, Nepal: Does
           Migrant’s Destination Make a Difference'

    • Authors: Prem Bhandari
      Pages: 1 - 36
      Abstract: Studies on migration in Nepal primarily focused on the causes of migration, in general. While a few studies examined the remittances received or sent by migrants, there is little information about the variation in remittances received by households by migrant’s destination. Thus, this exploratory study attempts to answer: Does the extent to which households receive remittances vary by migrant’s destination' Using the data collected in 2013 from the western Chitwan Valley of Nepal, the findings from multivariate analysis reveal that net of controls, both the receipt (whether a household received any remittance or not) as well as the amount of remittances received by a household varied by migrant’s destination. Evidence suggests that households are less likely to receive remittances from migrants working in India (a country of low earning potential) as compared to those working in Nepal. On the other hand, households received significantly more amount of remittances from migrants working in countries with high earning potentials (such as Middle East, East or South East Asia, and America, Australia and Europe) as compared to the domestic migrants who were working inside of Nepal but outside of Chitwan. Adjusting for other factors, the largest amount of remittances was received from migrants working in the East or South East Asian countries (e.g. South Korea, Malaysia, Japan) followed by those in America, Australia, and Europe and the Middle East. The insights gained from this exploratory study are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15879
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • The Local Explanatory Model: A Study of Assumed Causes of Tuberculosis in
           Rural Nepal

    • Authors: Ulla-Britt Engelbrektsson, Madhusudan Subedi
      Pages: 37 - 62
      Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) constitutes one of the major public health problems in Nepal. Our theoretical framework, in this paper, is to explore people's understanding of the culturally constructed reality, the local explanatory model, for causes of Tuberculosis. The ethnographic data were collected from 'Solubang' village of Pyuthan district in 2005 and 2012/13. The finding shows that assumed and suggested cause(s) of TB are multiple but most often within a framework of great uncertainty. Compared to 2005, people were better aware of the need for timely treatment in 2012/13. The arrival of the biomedical anti-TB medicines has changed the situation for the better and is widely recognized but perception on causes of TB and its prevalence have not changed drastically, and mortality rates have not decreased at the speed hoped for.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15880
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • The Interface between the State and Civil Society in Nepal

    • Authors: Chandra D. Bhatta
      Pages: 63 - 91
      Abstract: The paper explores the state-civil society relations in Nepal, which have gone through many ups and downs from various perspectives. This is important for the reason that the two terms are now in the forefront of public debate: Rajya – the state and Nagarik Samaj – civil society. Voices, both in favour and against the state and civil society, are now audible everywhere. The debate has picked up momentum, particularly after the regime change of 2006, when civil society took a new birth and played a crucial role in regime. However, all is not well with the role of both state and civil society. The point at stake, however, is how should one describe the state-civil society relations in Nepal; how they influence, behave, and view each other; and where do they converge and diverge' These are some of the important issues that need to be looked into carefully. The rise of right-based civil society organisations (CSOs) in Nepal has further created confusion vis-a-vis state. Within these contexts, paper here attempts to explain the extant interface.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15881
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • The State of Food (In)Security in the Trans-Himalaya, Upper-Mustang, Nepal

    • Authors: Rishikesh Pandey
      Pages: 92 - 122
      Abstract: Food insecurity is a global issue, with higher prevalence of hunger in developing countries. Low crop yield and food production - due to difficult topography and traditional farming methods - combined with lower income; fluctuations in prices and supply, and low quality of food have been causing food insecurity in Nepal. This research examines food (in)security situation in Upper-Mustang, Nepal. The results are derived from the data collected through face–to-face interviews with the heads of 66 households, in-depth interviews conducted with 22 key informants, and discussions with the group of local people in different (6) places. The household food system was studied from livelihood perspectives and food (in)security was assessed in relation to self-sufficiency or production sufficiency, access, utilization, and stability of food. Households in the Trans-Himalaya acquire food from multiple sources such as farming and livestock ranching, buy food from the market, and also receive food aid for the sake of survival during the food crisis. Food security situation in terms of self-production in Upper-Mustang is at worst stage that many households are facing severe to chronic food insecurity. Studied households access marketed food, though the price they pay is very high. The worrisome issue is that there is no significant improvement in food security situation over time in the Trans-Himalaya. Study found that not the household size but dependency ratio in the household increases food insecurity. On the other hand, quality of farmland in terms of cropping intensity and availability of irrigation rather than the farm-plot size contribute for food security. The issue of food security is still a valid development policy goal for Nepal in general and for the Trans-Himalaya in particular. Accordingly, food security interventions are important. Yet, policy for interventions should look into all components of food systems, particularly providing irrigation, promoting local food varieties, and provisioning for food subsidies and food aid together with subsidies in food transport.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15882
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • How healthy are we' Narratives of experiential health from a village
           of Western Nepal

    • Authors: Bamdev Subedi
      Pages: 123 - 143
      Abstract: It has become a custom citing development reports, which show remarkable progress in some of the health indicators, to signify the higher quality of life achieved over the years. The human development datasets, for instance, present impressive progress in terms of decreased mortality, increased life expectancy, higher literacy and falling poverty which is synonymous to a higher standard of living. With the amazing success in medical science, advancement in therapy and surgery, and prevention and control over some of the dangerous diseases, we are bound to believe that we have achieved much, and there is no question whether the overall health condition has been worsened in the last few decades. The real life experience of local people, however, challenges this fact and compels us to reflect on “are we really healthy than before'” Drawing from a qualitative study conducted in a district of mid-western Nepal, this paper presents people’s narratives to deepen our understanding of how people in an urbanizing village experience health. The paper recognizes the deteriorating health experience of the people which has primarily resulted from a loss of local health traditions exacerbated by the current change and development. 
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15883
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • Gender Perspective to Vedic Education: Current Practices in Nepal

    • Authors: Rajendra Raj Timilsina
      Pages: 144 - 165
      Abstract: Vedic civilization has seen changes in its history- from Satya Yug to current Kali Yug. There were equal rights and duties of both men and women at the beginning. Interpretations of Veda, brought out of the Puranas and externalities made the status unequal. Sanatan Dharma, which is still mainstream of Hinduism, has been challenged by reformist Arya Samaj. As a result, there are interpretive differences as well as practices. Such differences can be seen in contemporary Nepal for the last 130 years. Continuing the differences, classicism has been reviving in the education. This revival also commenced with the same dualism. In this qualitative approach of exploration, two different gurukuls of girls have been observed and analyzed from the field for the purpose of exploring the recent practices. The observation was based on respective scriptures as well as experts' interviews. These data have analyzed the confronting practices on gender in Veda and rooted ideas in contemporary Nepal.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15884
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • Determinants of Community Governance for Effective Basic Service Delivery
           in Nepal

    • Authors: Keshav K. Acharya
      Pages: 166 - 201
      Abstract: Community governance is an approach of shift from governmentality to governance. This is more flexible approach extends beyond government, and the place of its agencies, to a greater sharing of power between the state, the market and civil society via new network and partnership structures. This paper analyses the determinants of community governance at the grassroots level in Nepal for the efficient delivery of basic services based on primary data sources. 110 locally constituted community based organisations were selected for an organisational survey. Additionally, three focus group discussions and 40 in-depth interviews were employed for information collection. A multiple linear regression model was used for data analysis, which revealed 12 variables such as Inclusive participation (X1), Empowerment of the people (X2), Transparency and accountability (X3) Enabling environment (X4), Practice of local democracy (X5), Service effectiveness (X6), Service integrity (X7), Social capital development (X8), Institution building (X9), Community mobilisation (X10) Planning, implementation, and monitoring (X11), Coordination, linkage, and partnership (X12) are significantly influencing governance practice. Results indicated a 14 percent variance between dependent and independent variables. This shows the overall practice of governance at the community level was malfunctioned, which can be attributed to a number of factors. First, many community-based organisations (CBOs) do not adopt governance mechanisms in their approach to development. Second, despite a crisis in governance, some CBOs have participated in the service delivery process. Third, this crisis has been a foremost obstacle in the working culture of CBOs. This analysis further explores the problem from the perspective of socio-economic structure, power politics and interests, institutional issues, and capacity and resource constraints.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15885
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
  • Feminist Standpoint and Question of Women Participation in
           Decision-Making, in Nepal

    • Authors: Binda Pandey
      Pages: 202 - 220
      Abstract: Feminist standpoint theory emerged in the 1970s. As a feminist critical theory it focuses on the relationship between the production of knowledge and practices of power. It can be considered as a blended form of Marxist feminist, critical theory and a range of social scientific disciplines. Feminist standpoint helps to understand and explain the world through marginalized, subordinated and oppressed women's point of view in the society considering them as knowledgeable. It is the process of mainstreaming their knowledge, skill and experiences. Feminist standpoint focuses on power relations, which is broadly cultivated on cultural values and assigned gender role. In this context, feminist standpoint could be a theoretical basis to mainstream women's knowledge, skill and experiences, instead of conventional way of thinking and doing things with taking into account the knowledge and experiences of dominant groups.
      PubDate: 2016-10-04
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v10i0.15886
      Issue No: Vol. 10 (2016)
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