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Journal Cover Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1994-2664 - ISSN (Online) 1994-2672
   Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [75 journals]
  • Editorial Notes Vol.11

    • Authors: Man Bahadur Khattri
      Abstract: We are happy to present Volume 11 to our dear readers. Many people have contributed in many different aspects in editorial processes. Besides International Advisory Board members we are able to nominate five editors from different institutions and individuals. Their valuable presence in our journal certainly helps building trust, wider visibility and commitment for quality editing and publication. We are delighted with the work of wonderful reviewers, who supported and encouraged us to work further. Without their rigorous work we would not be able to bring this journal in this form. We would like to express our heartfelt thanks and sincere gratitude to all valuable reviewers: Prem Bhandari, Om Gurung, Ram Bahadur Chhetri, Chudamani Basnet, Rajendra Raj Timilsina, Janak Rai, Yogendra Bahadur Gurung, Youba Raj Luitel, Madhu Giri, Chitra Bahadur Budathoki, Madhusudan Subedi, Man Bahadur Khattri, Bishow Bandhu Adhikari, Prakash Prasad Sapkota, Rishikesh Pandey, Binod Pokhrel, Jagan Nath Adhikari, Anita Sherestha, and Mina Uprety. Similarly, we would like to express sincere thanks to Netralal Neupane, Janak Paudel, Tilak Prasad Kandel, Prakash Sharma, Kamal Sharma for their time and hard effort for proof reading.
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18834
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Significant Heritages of Upper Mustang and Issue of Conservation

    • Authors: Prakash Darnal
      Pages: 1 - 23
      Abstract: Upper Mustang has been an important centre of Tibetan Buddhism for many centuries. The walled city of Lomanthang with three monasteries Jyampa, Thubchen and Chodye, Chortens and mani wall, the monasteries of Namgyal, Loghekar, Charang, Ghami and Ghiling, the palaces of Lomanthang and Charang, the Chungsi, Gonga Gang and Luri caves, the 305-metre long Mani wall and Khorok chortens in Ghami, and the group of chörtens in Tangya are the outstanding tangible monuments of Upper Mustang, which are collectively significant because of their paintings, sculptures, manuscripts and other artefacts, and also because of their intangible heritage. Upper Lo Mustang is famous for its hundreds of caves. It’s famous river Kaligandaki, is the only river in Nepal where śāligrāmas, stones containing ammonites, are found. These black stones are very sacred to both Buddhists and Hindus. Upper Mustang is the most promising area in Nepal for archaeological work. It is rich in both indigenous biodiversity and cultural heritage. The main purpose of this article is to light on how important is the Mustang in aspect of archaeological and heritages, it also focus on how new built road would impact its heritages.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 1-23
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18820
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Life and Livelihoods in the ‘Forbidden Kingdom’, the
           Trans-Himalaya, Nepal

    • Authors: Rishikesh Pandey
      Pages: 24 - 59
      Abstract: Rural livelihoods in Nepal are generally based on ecosystem resources. Despite a large number of studies on the Himalayan livelihoods, representation of the Trans-Himalaya, particularly Upper-Mustang, are rare. Such a scarcity could be associated with the fact that the place was isolated from the rest of the world and mainstream Nepali societies for a long time and also used to be known as ‘forbidden kingdom.’ This paper documents livelihood situation of Upper-Mustang in reference to the data collected in 66 households, in-depth interviews taken with 22 key informants, and focus group discussions conducted in 6 locations. Household livelihood system was studied with reference to five livelihood capitals, which were transformed into Livelihood Capital Index (LCI) at first and Livelihood Sustainability Index (LSI) later. Households in the Trans-Himalaya fulfill their livelihood requirement from multiple sources such as farming and livestock ranching together with small-scale enterprises, remittance and labouring. Overall status of livelihood capital is weak that cannot satisfy households’ food and livelihood requirements. There exists inter-household variation in the status of livelihood capitals.The households with diversified livelihood options have relatively secured livelihood, although such security is relative to the households of Upper-Mustang. Considering the weak status of agro-livestock system, which is mostly associated with unfavorable geographic conditions and lack of agro-livestock service provision, the region has sound scope for tourism industries and production as well as marketing of medicinal and aromatic plants, and fruits. Therefore, there is a plenty of possibility of diversifying livelihoods, however, neither the communities are eager to do so nor the state policies are encouraging. Therefore, together with expansion and advancement of physical infrastructure, effective service delivery and provision for social welfare, government programs should be facilitative for optimum and sustainable utilization of ecosystem resources for the sustainability of household livelihood system.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 24-59
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18822
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Evaluating Institutional Capability of Nepali Grassroots Organizations for
           Service Delivery Functions

    • Authors: Keshav Kumar Acharya
      Pages: 60 - 95
      Abstract: Grassroots organizations are well situated to deliver the services and implement the development activities at community level in Nepal. The development of grassroots organizations on the one hand enables the effective service delivery while it enhances community governance system on the other. This study analyses the institutional capability of grassroots level organizations in relation to their service delivery and the study is based on primary and secondary data. One hundred and ten grassroots level organizations were chosen for organizational survey, and three focus group discussions were employed to supplement survey data. The Composite Index (CI) method was employed to analyze the data that shows overall capability of grassroots organizations remained efficient (CI = 0.77). Empirical findings indicate that many grassroots organizations were more committed to work as agents of change through institutional norms, rules and values. Nevertheless, some grassroots organizations were facing institutional crises, influenced by socio-economic power structure, and resource paucity. Following the discussion of results, this study recommends governance measure for efficient capability of grassroots organizations.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 60-95
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18823
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Perceptions About The “Third Gender” In Nepal

    • Authors: Gyanu Chhetri
      Pages: 96 - 114
      Abstract: This paper is built around the argument that negative attitudes of family and society towards the third gendered persons could lead to unacceptance, discrimination, exclusion and ostracization of the third gendered persons in the family and society. This paper presents an analysis of the causes of abandonment of one’s own family by the third gendered persons. Third Gendered Persons could open-up, come out and organize themselves for equality in par with other genders, when they get support from an organization. The third gendered persons in Nepal are getting organized under the umbrella of Blue Diamond Society. The Court recognition of third gendered persons as ‘natural’ people led the Government of Nepal consider the third gendered persons from ‘unnatural’ and ‘perverted’ to appoint a third gendered person a member of the Constituent Assembly. However, these people are not visible in the national census report. Same sex marriage is yet to be legalized.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 96-114
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18824
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Participatory Research and Empowerment: A Conceptual Revisit of the Debate
           on Alternative Social Science Research

    • Authors: Youba Raj Luitel
      Pages: 115 - 129
      Abstract: After the 1970s, there has been a growing emphasis on participatory research aimed at capturing people’s lived realities of everyday lives. The proponents of participatory research (also called alternative research) build on a critique of what is called “extractive,” top-down, and so-called objective empirical research of positivist kind. In contrast, alternative research method embeds research with empowerment and regards survey based conventional research as instrumental. This paper first introduces basic premises of alternative research method together with its philosophical underpinning. Drawing arguments from Robert Chambers the following section compares and contrasts the conventional and alternative research methods. Further, a paradigm shift in social science research in terms of reversals of frame, reversals of modes, reversal of relation and reversal of power is dealt. The final section draws a conclusion that compared to survey based, “objective,” conventional research method, participatory researches are superior in facilitating knowledge generation process, eventually empowering the people.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 115-129
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18825
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • The Dynamics of Representing Nepal’s Struggle for Modernization:
           from Nepalization to Fatalism

    • Authors: Gaurab KC, Pranab Kharel
      Pages: 130 - 150
      Abstract: This article examines the popular as well as controversial work Fatalism and Development: Nepal’s Struggle for Modernization (1991) by anthropologist Dor Bahadur Bista. The authors historically chart out and evaluate the writing trajectory of Bista. The paper focuses on Bista’s consistent pitching for fatalism to be the root cause of underdevelopment in Nepali society starting with his writings in the 1960s, even though he may be using different terms to refer to the process. He pointed out certain groups close to the power structures including priestly Brahamins to be responsible for the underdevelopment and fatalism. His iconoclastic stance on the value system revolving around the power centers found many takers in the changed context of Nepal after 1990. This was furthered by his silence on the similar acts of other cultural groups.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 201; 130-150
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18827
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Perceptions of Citizen Affiliated with Community Based Institutions on
           Social Norms and Practices Related Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive
           Health in Baitadi District of Nepal

    • Authors: Giri Prasad Panthi
      Pages: 151 - 163
      Abstract: The study attempted to explore and analyze perceptions of citizens affiliated with Community Based Institutions on social norms and practices related to adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Baitadi district of Nepal. The objective of this study was to assess social acceptance level of citizen to challenge prevailing social norms and their readiness to abandon unhealthy traditional practices related to sexual and reproductive health as a social accountability. Descriptive and analytical research design was used to take the citizens perspectives. A total of 337 respondents affiliated with the five different types of Community Based Institutions (CBIs) were interviewed using structured questionnaire for data collection and data analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.0. The findings of the study revealed that majority of citizens were sticky on traditional social norms and practices. Majority of citizens were not agree to allow adolescent girls to go to school during mensuration, to allow to stay inside home during mensuration and talking about sex and sexuality between parents and adolescents. Therefore, there is a need of social norms change and step up for positive social deviant by citizen leaders to promote enabling social environment for adolescent sexual and reproductive health.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 151-163
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18828
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Labeled or Learned' Youth in Indo-Nepal Cross-Border Crime

    • Authors: Dipesh Kumar KC
      Pages: 164 - 183
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine that the youths learned crime and labeled as offenders in Nepal's Tarai, bordering Northern Indian States Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Various studies, Government and media reports have demonstrated the overwhelming involvement of Tarai-youths in Indo-Nepal cross-border crime as a threat to the security of the Border Society. However, youths learned crime and labeled as criminals in the Indo-Nepal border areas. Youths, especially from 'backward' social class and caste, have their limitation and their young age and suppression by the state and oligarch portray them as the vulnerable is crime. Regard to the Indo-Nepal cross-border crime, social and political factors contribute to the environment viable for learning crime.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 164-183
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18829
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Loss of Highly Influential Figure in Social Anthropology: A Tribute to
           Fredrik Barth

    • Authors: Madhusudan Subedi
      Pages: 184 - 191
      Abstract: No abstract available.Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 184-191
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18830
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
  • Malik, R., & Naveed, A. (2015). Financing Education in Pakistan: The
           Impact of Public Expenditure and Aid on Educational Outcomes.┬áRECOUP WP,
           no. 42.

    • Authors: Sadruddin Bahadur Qutoshi
      Pages: 192 - 198
      Abstract: No abstract availableDhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.11, 2017; 190-196
      PubDate: 2017-12-31
      DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v11i0.18831
      Issue No: Vol. 11 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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