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Journal Cover Ethnobiology and Conservation
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2238-4782 - ISSN (Online) 2238-4782
   Published by Universidade Estadual da Paraíba Homepage  [2 journals]
  • What role do wild animals (fish and wildmeat) play in the food security of
           urban teenagers living in poverty and conflict - the case of Quibdó,

    • Authors: Nathalie van Vliet, Björn Schulte-Herbruggen, Liliana Vanegas, Eric Yair Cuesta, François Sandrin, Robert Nasi
      Abstract: Many urban areas located at the forest edge maintain a high connection to the forest, either because forests provide resources and services that act as safety nets for the poor or because they represent a cultural link to traditional lifestyles. In urban areas located in forest landscapes, access to food markets is limited, particularly in regions where armed conflict has resulted in decreased agricultural and livestock production and poor or unsafe communication means for the transportation of goods. In this study, we assess the nutritional status of teenagers living in Quibdó, a forest town that lies at the centre of Colombia’s long history of political conflicts, and analyse the role that wild animals (wild fish and wildmeat) play for their food security. While our analysis clearly shows that wild animals significantly contribute to dietary diversity, food and nutrition insecurity prevail among teenagers, especially among the poorest families. Our results suggest that post-conflict policies should explicitly promote integrated approaches to reduce food insecurity and value biodiversity for it’s in reducing malnutrition.
      PubDate: 2017-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2017)
  • Management of Pindo palm Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Glassman,
           (Arecaceae) to produce Coleoptera edible larvae among the Guaraníes of
           northeastern Argentina

    • Authors: Jorge Justino Araujo, Héctor Alejandro Keller, Norma I. Hilgert
      Abstract: One of the most important uses of palm trees among Amerindian groups is as a food source as coleopteran larvae are reared on their stems. Guaraní groups settled in the province of Misiones, in northeastern Argentina, consume three species of Curculionidae larvae (Metamasius hemipterus, Rhynchophorus palmarum and Rhinostomus barbirostris), which are bred in the stipes of Syagrus romanzoffiana palm. This work deals with the management of the different ontogenetic stages of this palm to promote the development of the three edible larvae species. Field observation suggests a great knowledge of these insects ecology and of the differential characteristics of the palm tree wood anatomical structure throughout its ontogenetic development. This constitutes the first record of the use of Metamasius hemipterus as food for the Mbya.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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