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Journal Cover   VIEW Journal of European Television History and Culture
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2213-0969 - ISSN (Online) 2213-0969
   Published by Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Immersive Televisual Environments: Spectatorship, Stereoscopic Vision and
           the Failure of 3DTV

    • Authors: Ilkin Mehrabov
      Abstract: This article focuses on one of the most ground-breaking technological attempts in creating novel immersive media environments for heightened televisual user experiences: 3DTV, a Network of Excellence funded by the European Commission 6th Framework Information Society Technologies Programme. Based on the theoretical framework outlined by the works of Jonathan Crary and Brian Winston, and on empirical data obtained from author’s fieldwork and laboratory visit notes, as well as discussions with practitioners, the article explores the history of stereoscopic vision and technological progress related with it, and looks for possible reasons of 3DTV’s dramatic commercial failure.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Streaming: A Media Hydrography of Televisual Flows

    • Authors: Ghislain Thibault
      Abstract: This paper focuses on the continuities, rather than the ruptures, between digital television and past media forms. It situates the metaphor of “streaming” in contrast to and connection with previous fluid metaphors that have been used to describe different models of media transmission. From the early use of aqueous vocabulary that shaped popular and scientific understandings of electricity transmission to the seminal studies of mass communication concerning the flows of information, images of fluidity have long shaped cultural understandings of the inner logics of media infrastructures. Building on the work of media archaeologist Erkki Huhtamo, I approach these metaphors as “recurrent topoi” in media culture.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Picking Up (On) Fragments

    • Authors: Phil Ellis
      Abstract: This article discusses the implications for archival and media archaeological research and reenactment artwork relating to a recent arts practice project: reenacttv: 30 lines / 60 seconds. It proposes that archival material is unstable but has traces and fragments that are full of creative potential to re-think and re-examine past media historical events through a media archaeological approach to reenactment. The article contains images and links to videos from the final reenactment artworks as well as from rehearsals in Vienna and Bradford.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Extending the Aerial: uncovering histories of Teletext and telesoftware in

    • Authors: Alison Gazzard
      Abstract: Beyond their roles of broadcasting programmed content into the homes of people around the country, Britain’s British Broadcasting Corporation and Independent Television stations delivered additional content via the home television set. This article will explore the British histories of Teletext and telesoftware in a wider context of microprocessing developments during the late 1970s and early 1980s through a media archaeological framework of their terminology and traits. Situating these developments in the industrial and political climates of the 1970s, the article will outline an alternative history of networks through the aerial, as the ‘hidden lines’ of information become exposed once again.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Tom Swift’s Three Inventions of Television: Media History and the
           Technological Imaginary

    • Authors: Doron Galili
      Abstract: This article draws on fictional depiction of television in three novels in the Tom Swift series of boys' books, published in 1914, 1928, and 1933, in attempt to come to terms with different aspects of what sociologist of technology call the “technological imaginary” of television. As the novels’ depictions of the various television inventions demonstrate, the period of the first decades of the twentieth century was typified by a great deal of permutations in the very conception of what is television and what would it be good for. In particular, the article highlights the fast-changing intermedial context that surrounded the project of realizing television technology during this era.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Editorial: Towards an Archaeology of Television

    • Authors: Andreas Fickers, Anne-Katrin Weber
      Abstract: Over the last few years, ‘media archaeology’ has evolved from a marginal topic to an academic approach en vogue. Under its banner, conferences and publications bring together scholars from different disciplines who, revisiting the canon of media history and theory, emphasize the necessity for renewed historiographical narratives. Despite, or maybe because of profuse debates, media archaeology remains a loosely defined playground for researchers working at the intersection of history and theory. Far from offering uniform principles or constituting a homogeneous field, its prominent authors – Friedrich Kittler and Wolfgang Ernst, Siegfried Zielinksi, Jussi Parrika and Erkki Huhtamo, to name just a few – distinguish themselves by their heterogeneity regarding methodology and theoretical focus.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Without Latency: Cathode Immersions and the Neglected Practice of
           Xenocasting for Television and Radio

    • Authors: Adam Hulbert
      Abstract: This paper discusses a three-year radio project Cathode Immersions, which was aired on 2SER in Sydney Australia. The audio that accompanied free-to-air television was remixed and rebroadcast in real time without latency. It explores the human and non-human aspects of the convergence of these two media, introducing ideas of xenocasting and media adjacency. The weekly xenocast of Cathode Immersions afforded unique translations of cultural narratives, from commentary on the Gulf War to machinic perspectives on the desires that surround commercial broadcasting.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Digital Media Archaeology: Uncovering the digital tool AVResearcherXL

    • Authors: Jasmijn Van Gorp, Sonja de Leeuw, Justin van Wees, Bouke Huurnink
      Abstract: In this article, we will contribute to a methodological discussion in the Digital Humanities by uncovering the digital tool AVResearcherXL as a form of Digital Media Archaeology. AVResearcherXL enables to search across, compare and visualise the metadata of Dutch television and radio programmes and a selection of newspaper articles of the Dutch Royal Library. Media archaeology provides a fruitful framework to reflect on the tool as method for Television History Research. First, the tool in itself functions as a new way of media archaeology. The tool, as it is, is double-sided and enables comparison, shedding an unusual, data-driven light on the television, radio and newspaper archives by providing different 'slices of' and 'search lights on' the metadata, thus contributing to a 'variantology of the media.' At the same time, we approach our own reflection on the tool as a form of media archaeology: we will uncover the tool, digging in its architecture and its functionalities, and offer an approach to a meaningful use of the tool. In other words, this very article is a form of ‘doing media archaeology’, in the sense of becoming 'an active archaeologist of knowledge'. Digital media archaeology, therefore, is always two-fold and a matter of interaction of user and tool. In this article, we first dissect the tool as archaeological site, before exploring its usage. Taken together, the article provides methodological strategies to cope with a digital tool such as AVResearcherXL and thus aims to further enhance an understanding of Digital Media Archaeology as an opening to media historical inquiry.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Nonconformist Television in the Netherlands: Two Curious Cases of Amateur
           Media as Counter-Technologies

    • Authors: Tom Slootweg, Susan Aasman
      Abstract: For this article, the authors retrieved two curious cases of nonconformist TV from the archives of The Netherlands Institute of Sound and Vision. Being made in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the two cases represent an alternative history of broadcast television in the Netherlands. Whereas Neon (1979-1980) aimed to establish a punk-inspired DIY video culture, Ed van der Elsken (1980, 1981) strived for an expressive amateur film culture. The authors propose to regarded these cases as two different experiments of participation in and through media. By conceptualising amateur film and video as counter-technologies, the discursive expectations around their democratic potential can be explored further.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • Adapt Simulation: 16mm Film Editing for Television

    • Authors: Amanda Murphy, Vanessa Jackson, Rowan Aust, John Ellis
      Abstract: Two television editors who once worked with 16mm film discuss and explore their former working methods and demonstrate how to make a picture cut using film. The method of ‘hands-on history’ used for this simulation is discussed, as are the problems of presenting such data.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
  • The lessons of Counterpoint: Ernst’s media archaeology and practical
           archival research

    • Authors: Ken Griffin
      Abstract: The writings of the German scholar Wolfgang Ernst have become increasingly influential within media archaeology in recent years. His work adopts a strongly techno-centric approach and identifies archives as important study centres. Paradoxically, practical archival evidence is sometimes lacking within Ernst’s output. This paper uses evidence from a recent television archive project to examine aspects of Ernst’s approach. This exercise sought to uncover source material relating to a Northern Irish current affairs series, Counterpoint (1978-96), which had been badly affected by videotape wiping. Its methodology utilised a strongly materialistic approach to successfully recover ‘lost’ archival artefacts.
      PubDate: 2015-09-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2015)
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