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Journal Cover South East Asia Journal of Public Health
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2220-9476
   Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [109 journals]
  • Family planning program of Bangladesh: Achievements and challenges

    • Authors: Tapash Ranjan Das
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(2) 2016: 1-2
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Nutritional status of adolescent girls in Bangladesh: findings of a
           community based survey

    • Authors: Kabir Hossen, Fazlur Rahman, Saidur Rahman Mashreky
      Pages: 3 - 7
      Abstract: Poverty, large population, socio- economic inequalities and inadequate access to proper health care facilities are the key causes of under nutrition in Bangladesh. Adolescents are the most vulnerable group for under nutrition and having great consequence as they will be parent in future. Studies on nutritional status of adolescent girls are fewer in number and have great effect for intervention. The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional status and predisposing factors of under nutrition among the adolescent girls in Bangladesh. A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out from July to December 2013. Adolescent girls were the study population. Data was collected by face to face interview at household level. According to BMI category (kg/m2) the prevalence of under-weight (BMI<18.5) was found 65.9% and as per Gomez Classification (Weight for age), the prevalence of malnutrition was 48.2% (mild), 23.5% (moderate) and 2.8% (severe) categories and finally, as per Water Low Classification wasting found 16.6% (mild), 3.5%(moderate) and 0.2% severe categories. On the other hand, stunting found 39.6 % (mild), 9.2% (moderate) and 2.3% (severe) categories. Prevalence of under nutrition was found much higher (82.3%) among younger age group (≤12 years). Higher prevalence of under-nutrition also found among the functionally illiterate adolescent girls, it was 75.8% and 51.3% among illiterate and literate group respectively. In both of the cases difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). The prevalence of illness found higher among under-weight adolescent girls in last two weeks compare to healthy adolescent girls both in rural and urban settings. This difference also found statistically significant (p<0.001). Under nourishment found higher among younger and low literate girls. Prevalence of other symptoms is also found higher among them.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 3-7
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms and physical risk factors among automobile
           mechanics in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    • Authors: Shamima Akter, Mahammad Mominur Rahman, Shipra Mandal, Nazmun Nahar
      Pages: 8 - 13
      Abstract: The occupational health and safety service is still in the developing stage. In Bangladesh, this service is merely focused on welfare for the garments workers. Statistics on musculoskeletal symptoms prevalence and risk factors analysis for any occupational group can assist to develop ergonomic based prevention and intervention programs. However, there is no information available about the musculoskeletal symptoms prevalence amongst automobile mechanics in Bangladesh. The aim of study is to estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and reveal association with physical risk factors among automobile mechanics. This cross-sectional study was performed with 100 automobile workers conveniently selected from different automobile workshop of Dhaka Division (Savar and Gabtoli) of Bangladesh. The short version of Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence and associated physical risk factors. Furthermore, the Rapid Entire Body Assessment was used to identify the physical risk level of musculoskeletal symptoms. The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms during the last 12 months preceding data collection was reported at 77%. The most affected body parts were lower back (67%) then the hip (53%). Socio-demographic and physical risk factors were significantly (p<0.05) associated with reported musculo-skeletal symptoms. It is highly concerning issue for employing occupational health and safety program for those workers.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 8-13
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Consumer subsequent plan for selection of hospital in the perspective of
           hospital services and expenditure

    • Authors: Farhana Begum, Shahinul Alam
      Pages: 14 - 19
      Abstract: Further utilization of hospital facility is influenced by the provision of hospital care and cost of services. This study was conducted among patients of public and private hospitals of Dhaka city, Bangladesh to explore the relationship of further utilization of hospital care and cost of services incurred during previous visits. A total 199 patients of 2 private and 2 public hospitals were included. Of them, 100 (50.25%) were from public and 99 (49.74 %) from private hospitals. Male: female ratio of the respondents was 111:88. The level of services was scored by patients on a 1-5 Likert scale on the aspects of services of doctors, nurses, other staffs; medicine supply; cleanliness; and investigation facilities. Poor people usually sought the services from public hospitals. About three-quarter of the respondents (76.9 %) mentioned that they would avail the facility of same hospital for their further ailment. Seventeen patients (17%) who were treated in government hospitals will not further utilize the services, and this was significantly higher (p-0.02) in the case of patients from private hospitals (29.3%). Regression analysis explored that quality of services (p=-0.000) and cost of services (p=0.001) influenced the plan of future consumption of hospital facility and quality of services having stronger influences. This study concludes that further utilization of the hospital facility was strongly influenced by the quality of services and next to that is cost of services. So we recommend for best and successive utilization of hospital services to improve facilities and minimization of cost are the essential needs.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 14-19
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Prevalence, awareness and risk factors of hypertension in Hmawbi
           Cantonment Area, Yangon Region, Myanmar

    • Authors: Ye Minn Htun, Kyaw Sann Win, Ye Naung, Wunna -, Kyaw Soe
      Pages: 20 - 26
      Abstract: Hypertension is one of the leading risk factors for global mortality. A community based cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in Hmawbi Cantonment Area, Yangon Region in November, 2015. This study aimed to identify the prevalence, awareness and risk factors of hypertension concerning smoking, alcohol dinking, eating food pattern, taking regular exercise, stressful condition and body mass index (BMI). The sample consisted of 210 respondents from three Units (Light Infantry Regiments) were randomly selected to participate in the study. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. It was found that 33.3% of respondents had hypertension; 55.7% achieved good awareness on hypertension as well; 16.7% respondents were current smoker; 7.6% had the history of alcohol drinking; 67.1% respondents took regular exercise; 29.5% respondents were in stressful condition; 32.9% re-spondents were overweight and 19.5% were obese. Hypertension was significantly associated with age (p-0.001), family income (p<0.001), awareness level (p-0.01), current smoking status (p<0.001), alcohol drinking (p<0.001), regular exercise taking (p<0.001), stressful condition (p<0.001), and increase BMI (p<0.001) of respondents. This setting in Hmawbi evidenced that age, family income, smoking, alcohol drinking, consumption of salty and fast food, stressful condition and increase BMI were identified as risk factors and taking regular exercise was protective. Over-all, over 50% of respondents having good awareness show that favorable circumstances exist for further strengthening the hypertension prevention and control program. These findings have implications for future public health interven-tion and clinical efforts to decrease the prevalence of hypertension among population.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 20-26
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Knowledge, attitude and practice on hepatitis-B infection among infected
           patients in a Homoeopathy Medical Center in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

    • Authors: Sazia Huq, Sarder Mahmud Hossain, Syed Mohammad Tanjilul Haque, Selina Akter
      Pages: 27 - 31
      Abstract: Viral hepatitis is the commonest liver disease in Bangladesh. About 10 million people in Bangladesh have been suffering from hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a potentiality life threatening liver infection caused by HBV. It is a major global health problem and the most serious type of viral hepatitis. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice on Hepatitis B Virus infection among the selected patients in Essence Homoeopathy Medical Center, Dhaka. A descriptive type of cross sectional study was carried out among 150 samples by using non-randomized purposive sampling technique and by the help of pretested modified questionnaire. Statistical association was calculated by chi-square test and all the Hepatitis B related data were analyzed by the help of SPSS (version 16). The study showed that 73.3% of the respondents’ age ranged from 15-35 years with mean age (32.44±10.54) and of them 96.7% was found to be Muslims. Among injectable drug users (IDUs) (19.3%), 27.6% was sharing same needle. Approximately 5% of the respondents had a history of taking unscreened blood among 28% of the respondents who experienced blood transfusion. Another concerning issue was that 77% of the respondents practiced polygamy sex and among them only 38.8% used protecting device during sexual activity. Majority (70.7%) of the respondents did not take HBV vaccine. Significant statistical association was found between education and vaccination against HBV (p-0.000). To prevent this deadly disease mass awareness has to be created among the people of active age group through media education and policy implementation.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 27-31
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Dietary determinant of severe acute malnutrition among infants: Evidence
           from a case controlled study at a Central Indian district

    • Authors: Pavan Pandey, Shivendra Kumar Singh
      Pages: 32 - 39
      Abstract: Breast feeding and complementary feeding practices ultimately determine the nutritional status of newborn at the end of infancy. The objective of the present study was to find the possible causes of malnutrition in context of breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices adopted by families of infants aged 6-12 month old. A community-based, unmatched, case-controlled study was conducted involving 78 cases and 156 controls in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh, India. The study included infants aged 6- 12 months who were enrolled in the Integrated Child Development Scheme. Cases and controls were selected through a multi-staged sampling strategy. Cases were those with severe acute malnutrition and controls were those with no malnutrition as per the World Health Organization criteria. Data related to the breastfeeding, pre-lacteal feeding and complementary feeding practices were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were carried out. P-value and Odds ratios were calculated. The proportion of exclusive breastfeeding among cases and control was 10.3% and 24.4% respectively. The high odds of malnutrition were related to lack of exclusively breastfeeding [COR(95% CI) = 4.69(2.50- 6.53)], lack of feeding semisolid food, less frequent complementary feedings [COR(95% CI) = 5.69(3.01- 8.93)], lack of hand washing by caregivers [COR(95% CI) =2.44 (1.10-3.19)], and lack of use of disinfected drinking water for infants. Proper health education should be imparted not only to mothers but also other family members involved in the child’s care.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 32-39
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Women empowerment through health seeking behavior in Bangladesh: Evidence
           from a national survey

    • Authors: Md Nazmul Hasan, M Sheikh Giash Uddin
      Pages: 40 - 45
      Abstract: Empowering women is an important subject to achieve targets for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of Bangladesh. There are several indicators to measure the empowerment of women. Health seeking information is one of the most important indicators in this regard. This study aims at identifying the levels and patterns of women empowerment in relation to health seeking behavior in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 data was used for the study. A total of 16635 women of reproductive age were included in this study. Only 42% of recently married women participated in all the four discussions regarding their own health care, major household purchases, child health care, and visiting their family or relatives. Cross tabulation and logistic regression analyses were performed to know about women empowerment in relation to health seeking behavior on decision making, controlling the effect of other independent variables. The results showed that about 63% women were empowered (either by themselves or jointly with their husbands) to decide on their own healthcare seeking and around 67% in healthcare seeking for their children. Working women were 1.734 times more likely to seek their own healthcare than non-working women. Again rural women appeared to be 21% less likely to seek child healthcare compared to urban women. The results of this study showed that seeking health information empowered women to promote their self-confidence, filter the information, manage life problems successfully, feel strength against health problems and disabilities, and be encouraged to seek more information.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 40-45
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Pre-diabetes: Is this a clinical problem with pharmaceutical

    • Authors: Sayeeda Rahman, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder
      Pages: 46 - 48
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 46-48
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • Acridine orange for diagnosis of malaria – Our experience

    • Authors: Neeta Jangale, Ashwini Waghmare
      Pages: 49 - 51
      Abstract: Light microscopy of Romanowsky stained peripheral blood smear examination is the age old and commonest method for laboratory diagnosis of malaria. However it is labor intensive, time consuming and requires qualified personnel. So fluorescent microscopy variation that is Quantitative Buffy Coat method( QBC) came into vogue. But QBC imposes cost limitation despite its high performance. Therefore we decided to evaluate fluorescent method using acridine orange in our set up. In this study we have compared Acridine Orange staining with Leishman’s staining as gold standard. The sensitivity and specificity of acridine orange was 99.28% and 97.19% respectively, while positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predicitive value was 89.93% and 99.82% respectively.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 49-51
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
  • MDR-TB: An emerging burden for Bangladesh

    • Authors: Rajat Das Gupta
      Pages: 52 - 53
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.6(1) 2016: 52-53
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2016)
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Heriot-Watt University
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