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Journal Cover South East Asia Journal of Public Health
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2220-9476
   Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [105 journals]
  • Can we eliminate nutritional anaemia in the near future?

    • Authors: Palash Das
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 1-3
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • The effects of smoking in developing hypertension in Pakistan: A
           systematic review

    • Authors: Qurrat Ul Ain, Krishna Regmi
      Pages: 4 - 11
      Abstract: Globally, hypertension is considered one of the most important preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. Several plausible factors have been assessed and identified in relation to high blood pressure but there have been limited studies carried out as to whether smoking can have any effect in developing high blood pressure in Pakistan. This paper aims to examine the effects of smoking in developing hypertension in Pakistan. This study employs a systematic review. A total of 1097 articles were identified (reduced to 61 once duplication was removed). Only six studies met the relevant quality appraisal criteria. Three major databases - Medline, EMBASE and Global Health - were searched using both ‘free terms’ and ‘index-terms’. All selected studies were quality appraised by critical appraisal tools and reviewed by two authors. The studies fell into three distinct themes – awareness, economic status and types of tobacco. Findings of the review indicated that an unhealthy relationship exists between hypertension and smoking, as incidences of hypertension were more prevalent in smokers as compared to non-smokers. In addition, both high systolic and diastolic blood pressure were more frequent in smokers compared to non-smokers. The present study suggests that a positive harmful relationship exists between blood pressure and smoking, and that smokers are more likely to develop high blood pressure compared to non-smokers. In addition, this review considers knowledge and lifestyle modification, their linkage with hypertension and compliance to the treatment regimen as important considerations to reduce unhealthy effects of smoking in developing hypertension.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 4-11
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • A study on depression in people living with HIV/AIDS in South-West part of
           Uttar Pradesh, India

    • Authors: Preeti Rai, Babu L Verma
      Pages: 12 - 17
      Abstract: HIV/AIDS and depression are often thought to be interlinked. HIV positive cases may trigger symptoms of depression which, in turn, may result in risky sexual behavior and spread of HIV. Interviews were conducted in 104 patients of HIV/AIDS at the Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) Clinic of a teaching hospital in Uttar Pradesh (India) to study depression and examine its prevalence and association, if any, with some socio-demographic and clinical variables. The tools used to assess anxiety and depression and their severities were General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) 28 and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) . The majority of patients were of age 35 years & above (62%), males (67%), married (85%), Hindus (88%), literate (73.1%), unemployed (35%) and of upper-lower socio-economic status (52%). Significant association of depression was found with religion, occupation and socio-economic status. Depression and anxiety were also found to be significantly associated with each other. There was, however, no association of depression with respondents’ age, gender, marital status, education, habitat, income, duration of illness from HIV/AIDS and the CD4 count. The high prevalence rate (67.3%) of depression amongst HIV patients in our study may be taken as marker to alert Counsellors of country’s ART Clinics for possible risk of depression in HIV patients. The above findings however, should be interpreted in the light of the fact that a parallel control group in the study was not included, studied sample was not large enough and the tools used to study the subjects for depression and anxiety were not adequately standardized.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 12-17
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Role of mass media in increasing knowledge and practices of mothers on
           IYCF: findings from a community trial in rural Bangladesh

    • Authors: Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Fazlur Rahman, Aminur Rahman, Abu Talab, Zakia Rahman
      Pages: 18 - 24
      Abstract: Poor IYCF (Infant and Young Children Feeding) practices are factors of poor nutrition among infants and young children in developing countries including Bangladesh. To address this problem, a national mass media campaign was launched using television channels along with home counseling. The study was designed to explore the effect of IYCF intervention on changing knowledge and practices of mothers in rural Bangladesh. The study used a cluster randomized trial design where six unions were randomized to allocate them to 'only mass media intervention (intervention-I)' or 'mass media + direct counseling (Intervention-II)'. Three unions were subjected to 'intervention-I' and the other three were subjected to 'intervention-II'. In intervention-I areas, the knowledge of initiation of breast feeding was improved by 8.5% and practice was improved by 23.7%. It was 17.9% and 16.6% respectively in intervention-II areas. In intervention-I areas knowledge about initiation of complementary feeding improved by 2.7% and in practice it was 19.3%. In intervention-II areas it was 8.6% and 21.3% respectively. Regarding giving the right quantity of complementary food, in intervention-I areas the improvement rate was 6.2% for children between 7-8 months old and 34% for children between 9-12 months old. In intervention-II areas it was 13.7% for children between 7-8 months old and 56.8% for children between 9-12 months old. Significant improvements were found in both the intervention areas, but changes were almost similar in both groups. Coverage of interpersonal communication was found to be very low. Improvement of IYCF knowledge and practice might be the contribution of mass media.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 18-24
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Impact and relationship of childhood experiences and substance abuse in a
           population of Baghdad City, Iraq

    • Authors: Riyadh K Lafta, Ameel F Al Shawi, Ahmed Samir Al Nuaimi, Saleh Al Hasnawi
      Pages: 25 - 32
      Abstract: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) (e.g. abuse, neglect, violence between parents or caregivers, and community violence) are associated with higher rates of depression, tobacco use, alcoholism, illicit drug use and attempted suicide among adult population. The objective of this study is to identify the relationship of childhood experiences to substance use during adulthood in a sample from Baghdad city. A multistage sampling technique was used to choose respondents from primary health care centers and universities. Childhood experiences were measured by applying a modified standardized Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) to inquire about the negative childhood experiences (household dysfunction and abuse, and exposure to community and collective violence) and positive childhood experiences presented by bonding to family. A total of 1040 subjects were surveyed and 1000 responded, making a response rate of 96.2%. The mean score of household dysfunction and abuse is significantly higher among those with a positive history of taking sedative drugs (24.1) compared to those with a negative history (12.3). The association between sedative drugs use and the score of household dysfunction and abuse is rated as a strong association. A strong association was found between history of alcohol drinking and a higher score of household dysfunction and abuse. The mean score of bonding to family (76.2) is significantly higher among those with a negative history of sedative drug use compared to the mean score of bonding to family of subjects with a positive history of sedative drug use (65.3). It can be concluded from this study that sedative drug use is strongly associated with household dysfunction and abuse, the same is for alcohol drinking. Special national programs, including prevention and intervention strategies, are needed to build resilience among people targeting early adverse childhood experiences and their consequences.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 25-32
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Assessment of HIV knowledge among university students using the HIV-KQ-18
           scale: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Prashanth Talwar, Mohd Fadzil B Abd Rahman
      Pages: 33 - 38
      Abstract: Globally, the spread of HIV/AIDS has become a major health concern due to its pandemic proportions. Although people of any age are vulnerable to HIV, the younger populace are more at risk of becoming infected due to their lifestyle choices. The aim of the study was to assess the level of HIV-related knowledge among undergraduate university students using the HIV-KQ-18 scale, and thereby determine a relationship between the selected demographic variables and HIV knowledge. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 405 students enrolled in a Malaysian University, using a self-administered questionnaire. The HIV-KQ-18 scale was used to measure participants’ basic knowledge about HIV, modes of its transmission and prevention. The study indicated that majority of the students (64%) had adequate HIV-related knowledge. Accounting for socio-demographics, it was noted that lower age group, male and Faculty of Science students were the variables associated with higher HIV knowledge scores. Multiple regression analysis predicted three variables namely gender, faculty and relationship status as being significantly associated with knowledge. Essentially, findings from the study indicate significant differences in the gendered knowledge of HIV, demonstrating a need to conduct more gender-based studies in different settings. Furthermore, it is recommended that age and gender specific educational interventions strategies could be implemented to address misconceptions about HIV, modes of its transmission and effective prevention.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 33-38
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Improving access to safe delivery for poor women by voucher scheme in
           Bangladesh

    • Authors: Akkur Chandra Das
      Pages: 39 - 43
      Abstract: Maternal and child mortality are still higher in Bangladesh where delivery care services are associated with a number of problems. Demand-side financing, popularly well-known as maternal health care voucher, is found to reduce the financial barriers, increases choice for clients, and improves efficiency in delivery and quality of services which ultimately enhances maternal health. A cross-sectional study was conducted in different upzilas of Bhola district in Bangladesh among poor married women and found that voucher scheme receivers were 17.64 times more likely to receive delivery care services than respondents who were not part of the voucher scheme. On the other hand, the study pointed out that recipients of the voucher scheme received comparatively higher levels of delivery care services compared to those not in the voucher scheme, such as skilled birth attendance (64.2% vs. 26.3%), institutional delivery services (86.9% vs. 24.7%), and transport costs (92.5% vs. 23.1%). As the voucher scheme receivers’ delivery care services ensured better health status and care services than non-voucher scheme receivers in Bangladesh, the current study suggests that increasing the accessibility of voucher scheme programs will facilitate the provision of effective maternal health care services.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 39-43
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Parenting skills affect child behaviors in a selected area of Nepal

    • Authors: Sarder Mahmud Hossain, Sazia Huq, Biswas Adhikari, Sumaiya Zabin Eusuf Zai, Syed Mohammad Tanjilul Haque
      Pages: 44 - 48
      Abstract: Acting out, or misbehavior, is often associated with ineffective parenting. It negatively affects children across socio-economic backgrounds. While ineffective parenting might not solely be the blame for negative behaviors in children, parenting contributes significantly to children's behavioral outcomes. Till now there is lack of data regarding child behavior affected by parenting skill in Nepal. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of parenting skill on children behavior. In this descriptive type of cross-sectional study 369 respondents were selected by purposive sampling in some selected areas of Nepal. The mean age of the respondents was 36.14±6.69 years with 92.7% female and of them 92.1% were married. Out of 184 respondents, 45.1% gave proper childcare/love/sufficient time to children. Among the respondents 68% had spent quality time with their children very frequently. Statistically an association was found between parenting skill (quality time with children) and different behavior of children. Rearing children always needs good parenting skills which help to change the future of the nation by pro-ducing skilled, well behaved, intelligent citizens in the days to come. As such awareness about parenting skill should be made generalized and easily accessible to all eligible couples in the country.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 44-48
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Role modeling in clinical educators: An important issue in medical
           education

    • Authors: Rabeya Yousuf, Abdus Salam
      Pages: 49 - 50
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(1) 2015: 49-50
      PubDate: 2015-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2015)
       
 
 
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