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Journal Cover South East Asia Journal of Public Health
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2220-9476
   Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [108 journals]
  • Vitamin D supplements: Magic pill or overkill?

    • Authors: Ronald B Brown, Fatme Al Anouti, Mohammed S Razzaque
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 1-3
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Links between Vitamin D deficiency and diabetes-associated
           macrovasculopathy

    • Authors: Sayeeda Rahman, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder
      Pages: 4 - 6
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 4-6
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Priority public health interventions and research agendas in
           post-earthquake Nepal

    • Authors: Pramod R Regmi, Nirmal Aryal, Puspa Raj Pant, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Bhimsen Devkota
      Pages: 7 - 12
      Abstract: The occurrence of natural disasters including earthquake is becoming more frequent phenomena worldwide. All these disasters trigger huge damages to infrastructure, economies as well as population health. Nepal’s earthquake in 2015 has multiple effects on population health and health services delivery. Many public health facilities, mostly health posts or sub-healthposts, were damaged or completely destroyed. Priority health services such as immunization and antenatal care were also seriously affected. The earthquake has prompted the need for a disaster-related population-health-research agenda as well as renewed disaster strategy in post-earthquake Nepal. Meanwhile, it also unveiled the gap in knowledge and practice regarding earthquake resilience in Nepal. There is an opportunity for school-based and community-based interventions in both disaster preparedness and resilience. Nepal can build on experiences from other countries as well as from its own. We have discussed possible impacts of the Nepal earthquake on population health and health system infrastructures. We have also suggested possible public health interventions bestowing active awareness among the population and a research agenda in this regard. We strongly urge for the translation of the National Health Policy (2014) into action, as it prioritizes the need of an earthquake resistant infrastructure as well as the implementation of a disaster response plan.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 7-12
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Tobacco industry governance and responsibility discourses in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Jude William R Genilo, M Rizwan Sharif
      Pages: 13 - 22
      Abstract: During the past decade, academics, bloggers, media practitioners and civil society groups in Bangladesh have criticized the tobacco industry for bringing about negative effects on societal health, environment, agriculture and education. Moreover, several newspaper reports have suggested these companies to be corrupt – engaging in bribery, breaking of government regulations and laundering of money. In reply to these criticisms, tobacco firms have propagated discourses through the art of rhetoric in the public domain and initiated corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities to project themselves as caring and responsible entities. In light of this, the paper studied and evaluated the discourses on governance, transparency and responsibility as well as the CSR undertakings of the leading tobacco firms in the country – British American Tobacco Bangladesh (BATB), Dhaka Tobacco Industries (DTI), Akij Group and Nasir Tobacco Industries. We searched related electronic and/or printed documents using a snowball technique and discourse analysis approach to review the documents. Findings indicated that tobacco companies highlighted in their communication materials (websites, annual reports, news releases, brochures, etc.) the following: ethical business practices, social responsibility, sound corporate governance, quality management and economic success. They likewise made it a point to associate themselves with important events in the nation’s history, particularly the 1971 Liberation War. More importantly, these companies conducted CSR activities in the areas stakeholders criticized them the most – environmental protection (afforestation, biodiversity conservation and renewable energy), health (hospitals), education (primary education, youth development and scholarships) and agriculture (extension services). In so doing, these firms have managed to divert criticisms and instead, create a buzz regarding their social initiatives and governance practices. In this sense, the tobacco industry had succeeded in placing itself at a high moral ground in the country. In this light, it is recommended that further studies should be conducted regarding the CSR projects of tobacco companies in the country analyzing whether these fit to the relevant criteria and acceptable standards of a CSR.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 13-22
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Obesity indices as a risk factor of skin diseases: A Case-control study
           conducted in Cairo, Egypt

    • Authors: Raed M Alazab, Abdel Raouf M Almohsen
      Pages: 23 - 29
      Abstract: Overweight and obesity are two major health problems that have been recognized worldwide which affect all ages and have many negative health effects. WHO in year 2010 reported that in Egypt the prevalence of overweight among women is 76% compared to 64.5% for male while the prevalence of obesity among women is 48% compared to 22% for male. The aim of the study was to determine the most prevalent skin diseases among the studied over-weight and obese patients and to examine if overweight and obesity are risk factors for skin diseases. A case-control was carried out on 250 overweight and obese patients compared with another 250 normal weight patients as controls. The participants were selected from the outpatient dermatology clinic of Al Hussein University hospital, Faculty of medicine, Alazhar University, Egypt. All patients were subjected to medical history, clinical dermatological examination and measurement of obesity indices. The most prevalent skin diseases among the studied cases were: striae (68.4%), planter hyperkeratosis (61.6%), skin tags (61.2%), acanthosis nigricans (53.6%), intertrigo (53.6%), tinea pedis (41.2%) with statistical significance difference compared to controls. As a result, overweight and obesity might be a risk factor for some skin diseases. Dermatologists must work with primary health care physicians and nutritional specialists to reduce incidence of obesity or reduce the effects of obesity on the skin.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 23-29
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • The role of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and serum lipid profile
           measurements to detect cardiovascular diseases in type 2 diabetic patients
           

    • Authors: Muhammad Naeem, Rehman Mehmood Khattak, Mati ur Rehman, Muhammad Nasir Khan Khattak
      Pages: 30 - 34
      Abstract: Patients with diabetes are considered to be at more risk of dyslipidemia and hypertension, hence targets for cardiovascular diseases. This study describes the possible role of Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) and serum lipid profile as a biomarker in the detection of cardiovascular diseases. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 54 (33 males and 21 females) type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients at Ayub Teaching Hospital (ATH), Abbottabad and Mardan Medical Complex (MMC), Mardan, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The control group comprised of 20 (13 males and 7 females) healthy human samples. The patients had significantly higher (p<0.05) Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), HbA1c, Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG), Total Cholesterol (TC), Triglyceride (TG) compared to control subjects. Only High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) was found to be significantly (p<0.05) lower in the patients compared to controls. With regards to gender, in the female patients SBP, DBP, TC and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) were significantly higher (p<0.05) compared to males patients. The HbA1c was found to be significantly higher (p<0.05) in males. Results also revealed that patients having HbA1c>7.0%, had higher TG than those with HbA1c≤7.0%. Furthermore, 14.2% patients with HbA1c>7.0% had cerebrovascular diseases and 28% have ischemic heart diseases. The findings of the current study suggests association of HbA1c with lipid profile in T2DM patients and both might be used as a predictor of cardiovascular diseases in such patients.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 30-34
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • A study on health-related quality of life and comorbidity among elderly
           population in rural Sabah, Malaysia

    • Authors: Thant Zin, Than Myint, Daw KS Naing, Kyaw Htay, Aye Aye Wynn, Tin SabaiAung, Awang Setia Bin Musleh, Fredie Robinson
      Pages: 35 - 42
      Abstract: Ageing is a global phenomenon. In Malaysia, a projected model estimated that the number of elderly would be 3.4 million in 2020 which is more than 10% of the population. A cross-sectional study targeted the elderly population of three villages in rural Sabah, Malaysia aimed to investigate the health-related quality of life, comorbidity, and the socio-demographic profile amongst the elderly in the community. Participants (60 years and above) were selected for face-to-face interviews using health-related quality of life questionnaires (SF-36). SPSS 21 was used for statistical analyses. Results showed that mean (sd) of age; 67.71 (6.95) years. Five common co-morbidities were hypertension (67%), bone and joint pain (63%), gastric pain (67%), poor vision (58%), and hearing problems (33%). The highest HRQoL score was social functioning (67.96) whereas the lowest HRQoL score is role limitation due to emotional problems (30.54). There is a significant relationship between HRQoL domains and socio-demographic factors (gender, marital status, membership in association), and health condition (co-morbidities and access to healthcare, bone and joint pain or arthritis and treatment, hearing impairment and treatment) which indicated need for health and social support like participating in association and access to health care for rural elderly in future programme. We recommend a further study to compare elderly HRQoL in rural, urban and institutional settings for future health-care planning.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 35-42
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Morbidity pattern and health-seeking behaviour among the senior citizens
           in a selected urban area of Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Rajat Das Gupta, Avijit Loha, Saikat Roy
      Pages: 43 - 49
      Abstract: Elderly people suffer from different morbidities as the increase in prevalence of disease is proportionate to increasing age. In Bangladesh, the number of the elderly person is increasing with time. This study aims to determine the morbidity pattern and health seeking behavior among the urban senior citizens of Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was carried out from January 2014 to December 2014 in different areas of Dhaka City. Information was collected from 384 respondents, aged 60 years and above by purposive sampling technique. The mean age of the study population was 64.7 (SD±5.7) years and majority (74.74%) belonged to 60-69 years age group. More than half (52.6%) of the respondents were female. Most of the respondents (71.61%) received institutional education; 51.82% of the elderly were still working; 63% of the respondents were totally independent; 11.74% were totally dependent; and 53.65% respondents belonged to joint family. Most of the respondents (96.8%) were suffering from at least one medical problem; the commonest was musculoskeletal problems (84.11%) followed by eye problems (81.25%). Majority of male (78.8%) and females (89.60%) were suffering from eye problems and musculoskeletal problems respectively. All the respondents sought treatment for their health problems. Majority (33%) respondents went to government hospitals for medical help. Most of the male (68.70%) and female (71.26%) can do their daily physical activities without any problem. Approximately 30% respondents did health check-up once in one year. Majority respondents took prescribed medications (69.27%) and were satisfied with their treatment (56.77%). The study findings showed that urban geriatric population had one or more morbidities and their health seeking behavior was poor, more among females. The study concludes with further emphasis of primary health care for the urban elderly people of Bangladesh. The health care service should be accessible and affordable to the elderly people.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 43-49
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Perspectives of academia on advancing the agenda of Universal Health
           Coverage in India

    • Authors: Anjali Sharma, Sanjay Zodpey
      Pages: 50 - 56
      Abstract: Universal health coverage (UHC) is currently at the center of discussion to strengthen health systems and improve health outcomes. The design and delivery of UHC requires an active engagement of various stakeholders viz. policy makers, program managers, civil society, private sector, academia and health professional associations. However, limited information is available on engagement of academia in discussions related to UHC. This study attempted to examine the perspectives of academia on advancing the agenda of UHC in India. A cross-sectional qualitative study was conducted with 62 stakeholders which included deans and senior faculty from 17 government and 15 private medical institutions across India, using a semi-structured questionnaire. Data analysis was done through free listing of responses, domain evolution and using qualifiers for semi-quantitative expressions. Clarity on concept of UHC and awareness on UHC developments was found low amongst stakeholders. It was strongly believed that not just tertiary care services but primary health care is more critical for UHC to succeed. Besides the responsibility of government, engaging other organizations was underlined. Approximately half of the respondents mentioned that their organization can support the provision of providing promotive, preventive, curative, and rehabilitative health services to achieve UHC. Stakeholders also felt that the tax-based and private health insurance can act complementary to each other, and should be promoted to improve health services coverage. Findings suggest that there is a strong need for engagement of academia for marching towards the goal of UHC.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 50-56
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Can communication media improve the KAP status of frontline health
           workers? A cross-sectional study on MCH indicators from Assam, India

    • Authors: Lipi B Mahanta, Manisha Choudhury, Sikha Borthakur, Ritul Bhagabati, Partha Gogoi
      Pages: 57 - 64
      Abstract: Frontline health workers are now key component in any public health delivery system, providing essential information on basic components of health, nutrition and sanitation for improving the utilization of primary health care delivery system by the community. This study was conducted to find out the Knowledge Attitude and Practices (KAP) of Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) workers on maternal health and child health components, service delivery system and to find out the association of different communication media on KAP status regarding above components. It is a cross-sectional study. Data was collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire from 264 ASHA workers from 8 blocks of 5 districts of Assam selected randomly. Multiple regression analysis has been used to associate various findings and variables. The overall KAP status of most of the ASHAs (72%) was found to be 'Good'. It was observed that 70.45% had good KAP regarding maternal health components, 82.2% had good KAP on child health components, and 78.79% on common diseases. Communication media like TV, radio and mobile have also been found to have significant effect on certain KAP by ASHAs. Most of the ASHAs have been found competent in some aspects of health and nutrition components which have direct impact on child survival and maternal health. But at the same time average to poor knowledge level have been seen in some other important indicators. Hence proper training and timely re-orientation and information sharing through different suitable medium would be helpful for improving the KAP status of ASHAs.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 57-64
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Treatment seeking behavior for sexually transmitted
           infections/reproductive tract infections among married women in urban
           slums of Mumbai, India

    • Authors: Poonam P Shingade, Yasmeen Kazi, Madhavi LH
      Pages: 65 - 70
      Abstract: Sexually Transmitted Infections/Reproductive Tract Infections (STIs/RTIs) are a major public health problem and a leading cause of morbidity among men and women in developing countries. The aim of the study is to explore treatment seeking behavior among the married women of reproductive age presented with symptoms of STI/RTI. A hospital-based observational study was carried out at the STI/RTI Clinic of Urban Health Centre, Shivaji Nagar, Govandi, Mumbai, India. The study involved a total of 273 married females who attended clinic for their symptoms during January to March 2012. Patients were interviewed using a pretested questionnaire to explore the detail of the treatment seeking behavior regarding STIs/RTIs. Out of total women who participated in the study, only 47.6% of the women with STIs/RTIs symptoms sought health care. Among those who did not seek treatment, 58.65 % females were belonging to 21-25 years of age group. Maximum 65.6% females who were illiterate had not sought any treatment for symptoms of these diseases as compared to 65% who had taken treatment for the presented symptoms who were educated up to higher secondary and above level. 62.5% females belonging to class V had never sought treatment as compared to 100% women who were classified to class I. The poor health seeking behavior was associated with literacy and socioeconomic class of the participants. Private sector was the most favored place for taking treatment by them. Commonest reason for not seeking treatment was no female doctor at clinic. Information, Education and Communication (IEC) sessions, about STI symptoms and the benefits of treat-ment, especially targeted at women and low socioeconomic groups might be an immediately feasible measure that will help to reduce the burden of the disease.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 65-70
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Inequalities and convergence of health outcomes in South Asian countries

    • Authors: Sumit Kumar
      Pages: 71 - 76
      Abstract: For human development of South Asian countries, which houses more than one-fifth of world’s population, it becomes crucial to study health inequalities between and within these countries. The aim of this paper is to explore the extent of health inequalities and convergence of health outcomes as represented by life expectancy and infant mortality rates among the South Asian countries. The statistical methods Gini coefficient, σ, and β-convergence analysis are utilized to study inequalities and convergence-divergence, which are well established in macro-economic growth analyses. For the study longitudinal data over the period 1996-2012 for Infant Mortality rate (IMR) and Life expectancy (LE) is utilized. The results of the analysis indicate that there have been large inequalities in IMR and these are still increasing among the countries. However, in case of LE the inequalities are small and are on decline over the period of time. Further, the tests for convergence reveal that the IMR and LE have not been converged in the period 1996-2012 and no convergence clubs has been formed. The present analyses high-lights that the relative positions of countries among the South Asia have changed little and the trend of large inequalities among the countries continues. Further research to identify economic and social policy measures which decline the large inequalities among the countries can be rewarding exposition for all the stakeholders.South East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 71-76
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Medical relief in Nepal earthquake: Observations and lessons to learn

    • Authors: Ramachandra Kamath, Edmond Fernandes, Prakash Narayanan
      Pages: 77 - 78
      Abstract: not availableSouth East Asia Journal of Public Health Vol.5(2) 2015: 77-78
      PubDate: 2016-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
       
 
 
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