Journal Cover The Agriculturists
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1729-5211 - ISSN (Online) 2304-7321
   Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [108 journals]
  • Effects of Municipal Wastewater Irrigation on Yield and Fertilizer
           Requirement of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Bangladesh

    • Authors: M A Mojid, G C L Wyseure, S K Biswas
      Pages: 01 - 14
      Abstract: Due to increasing scarcity of fresh water, use of unconventional water source (e.g., wastewater) in irrigation has now become important. However, inclusive information on the effects of wastewater on crop production and soil health is necessary for such intervention. This study was designed to evaluate these effects by demonstrating the contribution of municipal wastewater (hereafter called wastewater) on yield and nutrient requirement of wheat (<i>Triticum aestivum</i> L.) cv Shatabdi. Five irrigation treatments - I1, I2, I3, I4 and I5  were tested in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications during November-March of 2007-2008, 2008-2009, 2009-2010 at the experimental field of the Bangladesh Agricultural University,  Mymensingh. The treatments I2-I5 consisted of blended wastewater and I1 of fresh water (control). The ratio of wastewater to total irrigation water was 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 in I2, I3, I4 and I5, respectively. Wheat was cultivated with three irrigations and recommended doses of fertilizer in three consecutive years. Wastewater contained nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) @ 17.5, 3.7 and 10.3 mg/L, respectively, and irrigation by raw wastewater (I5) contributed 19.1, 15.1 and 21.7% of the recommended N, P and K, respectively. Biomass yield increased with increasing fraction of wastewater in irrigation. Grain yield increased for the wastewater fraction of 0.50 - 0.75 in irrigation but decreased when irrigation was applied by raw wastewater. Excess fertilizer (under I5) boosted up growth of wheat, but did not contribute to the grain yield. Number of grains per spike; and grain, straw and biological yields significantly (p = 0.05) increased due to the contribution of wastewater. Wastewater significantly improved grain and biomass production, with the largest value obtained in I4 (4.61 t/ha grain yield and 11.36 t/ha biomass yield).  Raw wastewater in combination with recommended fertilizer doses caused over-fertilization that contributed only in biomass production but not in grain production of wheat and irrigation by wastewater substantially reduced fertilizer requirement of wheat. The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 01-14
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Diallel Analysis of Quality and Yield Contributing Traits of Pumpkin
           (Cucurbita moschata Duch. ex Poir.)

    • Authors: M S Rana, M G Rasu, A K M A Islam, M M Hossain
      Pages: 15 - 32
      Abstract: A 5 X 5 diallel analysis was carried out according to Hayman on quality and yield contributing traits of pumpkin. Five (5) advanced inbreds of pumpkin viz IB 23, IB 40, IB 47, IB 50 and IB 57 were used in this study. The five parents and their F1 hybrids were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications for studying the quality and yield contributing traits. Analysis of variance showed significant differences among genotypes for all of the traits except dry matter and fruit yield. Parental mean suggested that all the parents contained recessive alleles with positive effect. In the 5 × 5 diallel set, Wr-Vr graph analysis revealed the presence of allelic interaction in all the character’s except fruit length, dry matter, brix percentage and reducing sugar where non-allelic interaction was present. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29097The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 15-32
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Soil Test Based Inorganic Fertilizer and Integrated Plant Nutrition System
           for Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivation in Inceptisols of Bangladesh

    • Authors: M I Ullah Sarkar, M M Rahman, G K M M Rahman, U A Naher, M N Ahmed
      Pages: 33 - 42
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur during 2013 to study the potential of different organic materials in integrated plant nutrition system (IPNS) and soil test based (STB) inorganic fertilizer on the growth, nutrient uptake and yield of rice (<i>Oryza sativa</i> L.): variety BRRI dhan29. Five treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design with four replications. The treatments were: (1) soil test based inorganic fertilizer (NPKS @ 138-7-80-3 kg ha-1), (2) cow dung (3 t ha-1), (3) poultry manure (2 t ha-1), (4) mustard oil cake (2 t ha-1) and (5) control. Organic fertilizers were applied on dry weight basis. Inorganic fertilizers were applied along with poultry manure (PM), cow dung (CD) and mustard oil cake (MOC) as IPNS. Soil test based STB fertilizer and PM in IPNS provided maximum grain yield of rice (6.11 t ha-1). Maximum plant height and tiller numbers were found in MOC treatment, while the numbers of filled grains were higher in STB fertilizer and PM treated plots. The application of different organic sources as IPNS significantly influenced the N, P, K and S uptake in rice. However, the highest N, P, K and S uptake were found in the PM treatment. The benefit cost ratio of different treatments followed the order of STB>PM>CD>Control>MOC. Considering yield potential and BCR, STB fertilizer and PM treatments were found economically profitable. However, from environmental point of view and sustainable management of soil health and crop productivity, application of PM and CD in rice-rice cropping system is recommended for rice cultivation. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29098The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 33-42
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Farmers’ Perception about ‘One House One Farm’ Project and Its
           Impact on Enterprise Profitability in Selected Areas of Mymensingh
           District

    • Authors: A Jannat, M T Uddin
      Pages: 43 - 53
      Abstract: The study was conducted to identify farmers’ perception about ‘one house one farm’ project and its impact on enterprise profitability in Mymensingh district. A total of 90 farmers were selected randomly as the sample of the study for collecting necessary primary data. Forty five farmers under this project and another forty five non-project farmers were selected. Structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics (i.e., mean, percentages, ratios, etc.), perception index, profitability analysis were employed to attain the objectives. The overall perception of project farmers about ‘one house one farm’ project was moderate. On the contrary, the perception was slightly moderate for the non-project farmers. The benefit cost ratio was higher for every production enterprise for project farmers than non-project farmers except for large animal rearing. The study identified some problems faced by the farmers in adopting the project as well as who were not adopting this project and probable solutions relating to those problems were also documented. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29099The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 43-53
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation and Economic Analysis of Some Integrated Pest Management
           Packages for Suppressing Tube Spittle bug (Machaerota planitiae Distant)
           Infesting Jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk), in North-Western Bangladesh

    • Authors: M Z H Prodhan, M S Noman, M T Hasan, M A Maleque
      Pages: 54 - 62
      Abstract: To develop a suitable integrated pest management (IPM) package(s) against tube spittle bug attacking jujube, the study was conducted at the farmer’s orchard at Sherpur Upazilla of Bogra district, Bangladesh during the two consecutive winter seasons of 2011-12 and 2012-13. There were five IPM packages viz., P1 = Clean cultivation + collection and destruction of tube with alive nymph from the branches, P2 =P1 + two sprays of Detergent @ 2gl-1 of water applied (at initial stage of infestation and 10 days after 1st spray), P3 =P1 + two sprays of crushed Neem seed extract @ 150 gl-1 of water (at initial stage of infestation and 10 days after 1st spray), P4 =P1 + sprays of Cypermethrin @ 1 mll-1 of water at initial stage of infestation, P5 =P4 + one additional spray of Cypermethrin @ 1mll-1 at 10 days after 1st spray and an untreated control. In both the years, treatment P5 was found most effective, which resulted lower damage to inflorescence and produced higher yield, followed by P4 and P3.  In case of marginal benefit cost ratio, the highest value (15.69 & 20.63) was obtained from the treatment P5 which was closely followed by P4 (15.07 &20.12) in both of years, respectively. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29100The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 54-62
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Effects of Container and Duration of Storage on the Quality of Okra
           (Abelmoschus esculentus) Seeds

    • Authors: Razia Sultana, M Salahuddin M Chowdhury, Md. Rafiqul Islam, Khadija Akhter
      Pages: 63 - 72
      Abstract: A study was conducted in the laboratory of the Department of Seed Pathology, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh during July 2013 to June 2014 to determine the effects of different storage containers and durations of storage on the quality of okra (<i>Abelmoschus esculentus</i>) seeds and seedling growth. After harvest, seeds were stored in earthen pots, plastic pots, plastic bags, gunny bags with and without polyethylene lining for the periods of 4, 8, and 12 months. The seeds stored in plastic container showed the lowest moisture content (8.03%) at 4 months of storage and those stored in gunny bag showed the maximum moisture content (17.63%) at 12 months of storage. Percentage of seeds infested with fungi was minimum in plastic container, where the prevalence of <i>Fusarium</i> spp., <i>Chaetomium globosum</i>, <i>Aspergillus flavus</i>, <i>Aspergillus niger</i>, <i>Rhizopus stolonifer</i> and <i>Curvularia</i> spp. were 1.47,  8.03, 3.31, 3.31, 2.57 and 3.53%, respectively at 4 months of storage. Prevalence of fungi was maximum in seeds stored in gunny bag where the prevalence of <i>Fusarium</i> spp., <i>Chaetomium globosum</i>, <i>Aspergillus flavus</i>, <i>Aspergillus niger</i>, <i>Rhizopus stolonifer</i> and <i>Curvularia</i> spp. were 4.87, 17.63, 4.41, 5.97, 84.86 and 5.19%, respectively at 12 months of storage. In contrast, treated seeds stored in plastic container showed the maximum germination (94.74%), longest shoot (20.76 cm) and root (11.52 cm), highest seed vigor index (3087.00), highest weight of dry seedlings (55.60 g) at 4 months of storage. However, seeds stored in gunny bag showed the lowest seed germination (45.08%), shoot length (11.49 cm), root length (6.34 cm), seedling vigor index (838.10), dry weight of seedlings (33.40 g) and field emergence (37.36%) at 12 months of storage. Plastic containers appeared to be the best for storage of okra seeds. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29101The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 63-72
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Profitability of Small-Scale Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Production
           in Some Selected Areas in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Mst. Samshunnahar, Romaza Khanum, M Serajul Islam
      Pages: 73 - 82
      Abstract: A study was conducted to analyze the profitability, contribution of factors in yield and socioeconomic status of small-scale tomato (<i>Lycopersicon esculentum</i>) producing farmers in some selected areas in Bangladesh. The study was based on primary data, collected from 60 farmers, selected using a multi-stage random sampling technique. The main factors of production like, seeds, human labour, tillage, fertilizer, irrigation and insecticides were considered to estimate the impacts on tomato production. Data were analyzed statistically and economically and results were mostly presented in tabular form. Amongst 3 farm size groups, small tomato farmers earned highest profit, followed by medium farmers. Gross returns per acre of small, medium and large farms were Tk. 104180, 95000 and 82600 and their corresponding net returns were Tk. 46978, 45356 and 5354, respectively. Moreover, the undiscounted benefit cost ratio of was the highest for medium farmers (1.91), followed by small farmers (1.82), while it was the lowest for large farmers (1.74). The coefficient of determinations (R2) was about 0.694, which indicates that about 69 percent of variations of tomato production are explained by the independent variables. The result showed that human labour followed by tillage of the variables was significantly positive, which implies that various independent inputs uses had effective contribution to increase tomato production. It was therefore, observed that a considerable improvement took place to increase household income of the studied farmers and to improve the economic conditions with the introduction of small-scale commercial tomato production. The elasticity of different inputs was 0.744 which exhibited the decreasing returns to scale and farmers allocated their resources in the rational stage of production (stage-II). However, lack of quality seed was one of the major constraints in cultivation of tobacco. Effective policy and efficient extension services have therefore, to be ensured to increase income and employment opportunities of the tomato drowers. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29103The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 73-82
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Effect of Storage Condition on Seed Quality of Some Dhaincha (Sesbania
           spp.) Accessions

    • Authors: M Towhidul Karim, Fazlul Haque, A K M Golam Sarwar, M Ayub Ali
      Pages: 83 - 91
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted at the Seed Pathology Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, to understand the effect of storage conditions on seed quality of different accessions of <i>dhaincha</i> (<i>Sesbania</i> spp.). Seeds of twenty accessions were collected and stored in a refrigerator (4°C) and laboratory at normal room temperature (25-30°C). Sprouting (%), germination (%), vigour index and the incidence of seed-borne pathogens were recorded following ISTA procedures. Germination and emergence were higher when seeds were stored in the refrigerator than those in room temperature. The vigour index was also high when the seeds were stored in a refrigerator. Fungi belonging to genera <i>Aspergillus</i>, <i>Fusarium</i>, <i>Rhizopus</i>, and <i>Penicillium</i>  were associated with seeds of the different accessions of <i>dhaincha</i>. Seed borne infection of Fusarium</i>  sp. was highest (14%) in G-13 when seeds were stored at room temperature. It was evident from the results that the quality of the seeds of <i>dhaincha</i>  accessions was retained for a long time when they were stored at low (around 4°C) temperature. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29104The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 83-91
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of Some Fungicides and Bio-Agents against Sclerotium rolfsii
           and Foot and Root Rot Disease of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)

    • Authors: Mohammad Nuray Alam Siddique, Abu Noman Faruq Ahmmed, Md. Golam Hasan Mazumder, M O Khaiyam, Md. Rafiqul Islam
      Pages: 92 - 97
      Abstract: Two experiments were conducted in a complete randomized design (CRD) with three replications to evaluate the efficacy of some fungicides and bio-agents against foot and root rot of eggplant. Ten treatments including five fungicides, two plant extracts, one poultry manure and an antagonist were evaluated against the disease and its causal agent. Fungicides and plant extracts were sprayed at the base of each plant and adjacent soil at 40, 50 and 60 days after transplanting (DAT). Poultry manure and bio-agent were applied to the soil before transplanting. The highest reduction of mycelium growth (74.44 %) and sclerotia production (77.13 %) were recorded in Bavistin 50 WP by poison food technique. Topgan 50 WP and Ridomil Gold also had similar effects. The lowest incidence (7.10 %) of foot rot was observed in Bavistin 50 WP at 120 DAT that was similar with Topgan 50 WP and Ridomil Gold. The lowest disease severity (stem lesion area)  was also found in each of Bavistin 50 WP (0.71 cm) and Topgan 50 WP which resulted in  higher yield (18.07 ton/ha). Application of bio-agent (<i>Trichoderma harzianum</i>) also showed promising effect against foot and root rot disease. Bavistin 50 WP is therefore recommended for controlling the foot and root rot of eggplant. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29105The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 92-97
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Response of Broccoli (Brassica oleracia L.) to
           Different Irrigation Regimes

    • Authors: M J Hussain, R P Rannu, M A Razzak, R Ahmed, M H R Sheikh
      Pages: 98 - 106
      Abstract: The study was conducted at the experimental field of Horticulture Research Centre, BARI, Gazipur during Rabi seasons in three years (2012 to 2015) to investigate the response of broccoli (cv. Premium crop) under different irrigation regimes. The experiment was conducted in RCBD with five replications. There were four treatments: I1=Irrigation up to FC at 5 days interval after plant establishment (PE), I2= Irrigation up to FC at 10 days interval after PE, I3 = Irrigation up to FC at 15 days interval after PE and I4= Irrigation up to FC at 20 days interval after PE. A significant response of broccoli to different irrigation levels was observed. Among the different treatments, I2 (irrigation at 10 days interval) was significantly better yielding (19.98 t/ha, 20.63 t/ha and 16.24 t/ha in 1st, 2nd and 3rd year, respectively). The lowest yields were observed from the treatment I4 each in all 3 years. The highest seasonal water (382.30 mm, 296.58 mm and 305.00 mm in 1st, 2nd  and 3rd year) were used in treatment I1 and the lowest (204.60 mm, 185.66 mm and 179.77mm in the 1st, 2nd  and 3rd year) were used in treatment I4, I3 and I3, respectively. The results suggest that irrigation at 10 days interval (I2) might be optimum irrigation schedule for broccoli production on the basis of gross return. But in respect of economic profitability, the highest marginal rate of return is obtained from treatment I3. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29106The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 98-106
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of Yield and Quality of Three Jackfruit (Artocarpus
           heterophyllus L.) Genotypes

    • Authors: M H Rahman, M M Alam Patwary, H Barua, S Nahar, Abu Noman Faruq Ahmmed
      Pages: 107 - 111
      Abstract: Yield and quality performances of three jackfruit genotypes were studied at the Agricultural Research Station, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Pahartali, Chittagong during 2013-2014. Age, growth, maturity period, yield potential and also qualitative characteristics were compared among them.  Based on overall performance with respect to bearing potential, maturity period, fruit and bulb characters, the genotypes AHPah-1 have been found promising for table purpose followed by AHPah-2 and AHPah-3. Minimum days (117) to 1st harvest were observed in AHPah-1. The number of fruits per plant was exceedingly higher (73) in AHPah-1 whereas minimum number (41) was found in AHPah-2. Maximum weight (8.40 kg) per fruit was observed in AHPah-2 and minimum was in AHPah-1(3.40 kg).  The highest single fruit length (37.25cm) was found in AHPah-2 and breadth (27.00cm) was produced by AHPah-3. Maximum number of bulbs (116) was produced in AHPah-1, whereas minimum (63.00) was in AHPah-3. Maximum weight of bulbs per fruit (4.24 kg) was produced in AHPah-2. Individual bulb weight was higher (54.42g) in AHPah -2 whereas, the lowest (16.71) was in AHPah-1. Edible portion was higher (69.27%) in AHPah-1 whereas, the lowest (53.43%) was in AHPah-3. The TSS was the highest (21.00%) in AHPah-1. The highest bulb length and breadth was found in AHPah-3. Highest seeds weight (639g) was produced in AHPah-2. Individual seed weight (8.19 g) was higher in AHPah-2. Therefore, the genotypes can be included in the variety development program after comparing with the already BARI released jackfruit variety. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29108The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 107-111
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Field Performance and Genetic Analysis in Some Advanced Lines of Mustard
           (Brassica rapa L.)

    • Authors: Md. Arif Hussain, Md. Sarowar Hossain, Md. Shahidur Rashid Bhuiyan, Naheed Zeba, Sayed Mohammad Mohsin
      Pages: 112 - 121
      Abstract: Twenty four genotypes including four check varieties of mustard (<i>Brassica rapa</i> L.) were collected for estimating the genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance of different characters related to the yield and yield components. The experiment was conducted at the Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University research farm, Dhaka during 2013-2014. Days to 50% flowering and days to 80% maturity showed moderate difference between the phenotypic and genotypic variance whereas, minimum differences were found in number of primary branches  plant-1, number of secondary branches plant-1, number of seeds siliqua-1, siliqua length and thousand seed weight and yield plant-1.  Number of secondary branches plant-1 showed high heritability coupled with high genetic advance in percentage of mean. On the other hand, days to 50% flowering, no. of siliqua plant-1, yield plant-1 showed high heritability with moderate genetic advance in percentage of mean. Days to 80% maturity, no. of primary branches plant-1, no. of seeds siliqua-1 showed high heritability coupled with low genetic advance in percentage of mean. The study showed that variations in the extent of genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in traits under study which can facilitate selection for further improvement of important traits of <i>Brassica rapa</i> L. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29109The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 112-121
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Use of RAPD Markers to Analyze Genetic Variability of Introgressed
           Brassica Lines

    • Authors: Md. Harun-Or-Rashid, Md. Shafikur Rahman, Sudhir Chandra Nath, S S R M Mahe Alam Sorwar, Md. Tanvir Ahmed
      Pages: 122 - 133
      Abstract: Seven individuals of introgressed  <i>Brassica</i> lines (Binasarisha-5/Daulot) and two of their parental lines were used for this study to estimate genetic variability using three randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers (61AB10G1, 72AB10G12 and 73AB10T13). A total of 23 clear bands were scored, of which 21 (91.30%) bands were proved to be polymorphic. The highest proportion of polymorphic loci and gene diversity values were 43.48% and 0.187, respectively in the line five of Binasarisha-5/Daulot. The lower proportion of polymorphic loci and gene diversity values were 8.70% and 0.034; 8.70% and 0.026 in the line seven of the cross and one parent, Daulot, respectively. The co-efficient of gene differentiation (Gst) and gene flow (Nm) values were 0.677 and 0.237, found respectively from the Popgene analysis. Result of cluster analysis indicated that the  nine accessions were capable of being classified into  two major groups - one consists of only one parent Daulot (<i>Brassica juncea</i>) while another consists of Binasarisha-5 (<i>Brassica napus</i>) and all introgressed lines of C6 generation (treated with colchicine in C1 generation) resulted from the cross <i>B. napus</i> and <i>B. juncea</i>. Introgressed line seven and Binasarisha-5 showed the lowest genetic distance of 0.077. Higher similarity was found between Binasarisha-5 and introgressed progenies. Introgressed line one and Daulot showed the highest genetic distance of 0.709, which can be used as germplasm for breeding program that aim to improve <i>Brassica</i>. It was concluded that RAPD markers can be used for the study of molecular characterization and diversity in <i>Brassica</i>. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29110The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 122-133
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Natural Plant Products as Eco-friendly Fungicides for Plant Diseases
           Control- A Review

    • Authors: M Zaker
      Pages: 134 - 141
      Abstract: The use of chemical pesticides for controlling various plant diseases is still a common practice especially in developing countries. Although with the application of chemical fungicides, plant diseases can be controlled but the hazardous impacts of such products in human health and environment are well known. Moreover, with their excess applications pest resistance may exist. Natural plant products have been found effective in plant disease managements and could be safely incorporated as suitable alternatives for synthetic fungicides. It is estimated that there are more than 250,000 higher plant species on earth that can be evaluated for their antimicrobial bioactive chemical compounds. During last several decades researchers have evaluated plant extracts and oils against plant pathogens, valuable results have been achieved and some commercially botanical formulations have been prepared and marketed. If we are supposed to move toward production of safer agricultural products, more attention and effort are still needed for production of more commercially botanical fungicides in the near future. The organic agriculture cannot rely on a limited number of commercially pesticides of natural origin, therefore it seems that more researches in formulating more commercially botanical products as fungicides are still needed. 
      DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/agric.v14i1.29111The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 134-141
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • A Study on English Teaching Standard in Four Agricultural Universities in
           Bangladesh

    • Authors: Diana Ansarey
      Pages: 142 - 150
      Abstract: This research has investigated the standard of English teaching in different agricultural universities in Bangladesh. Four agricultural universities namely, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sylhet Agricultural University and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University were considered in this study conducted in 2015-16. A total of 50 students were selected at random and were interviewed with a pre tested questionnaire. As the medium of instruction of their respective programs, English is a supplementary course in the agricultural universities of Bangladesh which aims to prepare the students to encounter global communication challenges. After the completion of graduation and post-graduation, the students make themselves ready to serve in various local and multinational organizations and companies. In the workplace, English requires additional focuses along with students’ subjective expertise due to their prime medium of communication in English. In the case of recruitment, employers often suggest them to develop English language proficiency. So, teaching and learning English is worthy, of focus in regard of the agricultural universities. In this study, the researcher has focused on different steps of students’ academic affiliation with English which includes students’ academic proficiency in English during admission, needs analysis, syllabus design, purposes of the course as ESP, content quality, hours invested, and assessment. This qualitative research was conducted by observation method and questionnaire survey for data collection. The study revealed that a large number of students studied English course who could communicate efficiently with foreign teams visiting Bangladesh. However, many participants had no clear idea about social and business English. They have suggested the universities to focus on student’s English proficiency for professional success. The Agriculturists 2016; 14(1) 142-1150
      PubDate: 2016-08-11
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2016)
       
 
 
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