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Journal Cover Journal of Food Science and Technology Nepal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1816-0727
   Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [74 journals]
  • Effect of disturbance on litter dynamics in moist tropical forest of
           eastern Nepal

    • Authors: Tilak Prasad Gautam, Tej Narayan Mandal
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Litterfall is an important vector of nutrient and carbon recycling in forest ecosystems. Present study was conducted in moist tropical forest of eastern Nepal to understand the effect of disturbance on litter dynamics. Litterfall was estimated at monthly intervals from one litter trap (1 m × 1 m) at each of the 70 sampling plots while litter mass accumulated at each sampling plot was collected once every season from one 1 m × 1 m plot. The total annual litterfall in undisturbed forest (UF) was 11.8 Mg ha−1 yr−1 which decreased by 54.2% in disturbed forest (DF). Leaves accounted for 69% (UF) to 76% (DF) of total litterfall while non-leaf litter formed the rest. Seasonal pattern exhibited a concentrated litterfall in summer season during March to June when more than 70% litterfall occurred in both stands. Forest floor litter mass also decreased due to forest disturbance. The total input of nutrients to the soil through litterfall in UF was more than double as compared to DF. The nutrient stocks in litter mass were in the order: N > K > P in both stands. Key disturbance activities like lopping, litter removal, tree felling, grazing, fire etc. in the peripheral part of the forest should be strictly prohibited by imposing rules and regulations so that status of biodiversity would be restored. Creative Commons Licence
      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 
      PubDate: 2017-01-23
      DOI: 10.3126/on.v14i1.16435
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Traditional honey harvesting by the Pnar community of South Assam, India

    • Authors: Biswajyoti Bikomiya Deori, Panna Deb, Hilloljyoti Singha, Manabendra Ray Choudhury
      Pages: 13 - 21
      Abstract: Honey obtained from the bee hives is a sweet food and has a great medicinal value. Honey collected from nature by the ethnic communities is an important source of nutrition and also contribute to their income generation. Honey collection from the wild is especially done by the indigenous tribe and forest dwellers. The Pnar community living in Barak Valley, South Assam is also engaged in the collection of honey from the forest, especially during the spring season. The process starts with the gathering of information, followed by the preparation for the activity and subsequently extraction of honey from the bee hive. The technique used by the Pnar community is a challenging one as it involves harvesting of honey from lofty trees in forest with traditionally made gears like bamboo basket, smoke torch and a one bamboo ladder. The indigenous ways involves lining the bamboo basket with leaves for the collection of honey, using smoke to frighten the bee and storage of honey in the bamboo pipes. The present study exhibits the rich traditional knowledge that has paved the way for a sustainable livelihood since long and at the same time provides income generation opportunity for the community. Creative Commons Licence
      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 
      PubDate: 2017-01-23
      DOI: 10.3126/on.v14i1.16436
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Quality Evaluation and Storage Study of Chicken Meat Pickle

    • Authors: Sunil Rajbanshi, Bhaskar Mani Adhikari, Dilip Subba
      Pages: 90 - 93
      Abstract: A study was undertaken to develop shelf stable intermediate moisture type chicken meat pickle and evaluate its quality and storage stability. Pre-cooked and fried lean minced chicken meat was mixed with salt, spices and vinegar and packed air tight in glass jar. The product had appreciable sensory quality and low total microbial, yeast and mould counts. Salmonella, Staphylococci and E. coli were found absent in the product. Microbial count and peroxide value lay within the acceptable levels for sixty days.  
      PubDate: 2016-04-16
      DOI: 10.3126/jfstn.v9i0.12784
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2016)
       
  • Distribution pattern and species richness of Liliaceae in the Nepal
           Himalaya

    • Pages: 89
      Abstract: The most important aspect of plant conservation is to predict the potential distribution and its richness in response to climate change. Contributing to the management program, this study aimed to predict the distribution and richness pattern of Liliaceae in Nepal. The BIOCLIM in DIVA GIS 7.5 model based on distribution records of 19 species belonging to three subfamilies of Liliaceae (Lilioideae, Streptopoideae and Calochortoideae) and 19 climatic variables (derived from Worldclim), revealed that Lilioideae and Streptopoideae are potentially distributed in most of the hilly and mountainous regions of Nepal; whereas Calochortoideae mostly in Eastern and very scanty in Central Nepal. Lilioideae is projected to have high species richness in Central and Western Nepal as compared to other subfamilies. Creative Commons Licence
      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License....
      DOI: 10.3126/jfstn.v9i0.13142
       
 
 
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