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Journal Cover   Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2322-2522 - ISSN (Online) 2322-3960
   Published by Shiraz University Homepage  [16 journals]
  • Preparedness for Chemical Threats; New Challenges in Management of Trauma
           and Disasters

    • Authors: Amir Khorram-Manesh
      Pages: 115 - 117
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 OCT (2015)
  • Necessity of Defining Different Transfusion Protocols for Different Kinds
           of Trauma Injuries

    • Authors: Shahram Paydar, Golnar Sabetian, Zahra Ghahramani, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Hosseinali Khalili, Hamid Reza Abbasi, Shahram Bolandparvaz
      Pages: 118 - 121
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 OCT (2015)
  • Effects of Unilateral Iatrogenic Vas Deferens Trauma on Fertility: An
           Experimental In Vitro Fertilization Mice Model Study

    • Authors: Mohammad Babaei, Gholamreza Najafi, Ali Shalizar Jalali, Mehdi Behfar
      Pages: 122 - 127
      Abstract: Objective: To determine bilateral effects of unilateral iatrogenic vas deferens trauma (UIT) on epididymal sperm characteristics and in vitro fertilizing capacity in an experimental mouse model.Methods: Experiments were performed on three equal groups each comprising six adult male mice. Following anaesthesia, UIT was induced by clamping left vas deferens with a mosquito clamp in fully locked fashion for 2 minutes in UIT group. Control-sham mice only had exposure of the left vas deferens through a groin incision. Control animals only received ceftriaxone (100 mg/kg) intraperitoneally at the day of experimental UIT induction. Ipsilateral and contralateral epididymal sperm characteristics and in vitro fertilizing capacity were evaluated after 35 days.Results: UIT significantly decreased sperm concentration, motility and viability as well as fertilization, two-cell embryos, blastocysts and hatched blastocysts rates. Moreover, incidence of DNA damage and abnormality in spermatozoa was significantly higher in UIT group.Conclusion: The findings suggest that a non-recognized iatrogenic vas deferens trauma may have detrimental effects on spermatozoa leading to infertility.
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 OCT (2015)
  • Management of Intrarticular Fractures of Distal End of Humerus using
           Modification of the Triceps Aponeurosis Tongue Approach

    • Authors: Saurabh Sharma, Mukesh Tiwari, Hemant Chaturvedi
      Pages: 128 - 133
      Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the functional outcome and extensor apparatus of operative management of intra-articular fractures of distal humerus using modification of the Triceps Tongue Flap approach.Methods: This prospective study was conducted between June, 2012 to April,2014 in NIMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan(India). We included 23 patients with intraarticular fractures of distal humerus that were managed surgically. Modification of Triceps Tongue Flap approach with Triceps flap in inverted ‘V’ shape was used. Follow-up was done using standard radiograph anteroposterior/lateral (AP/Lat) at immediate postoperative day, 1,3, 6 and 12 month intervals. Functional outcome was assessed using range of motion at elbow joint, Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH)Score and Objective Muscle Strength Testing (MRC Grade) of triceps muscle at 1,2, 3,6 and 12 month follow-up.Results: Overall we included 23 patients of whom 16 (69.5%) were men and 7 (30.5%) were women with mean age of 34.6+4.8years. Mean duration of the follow-up was 12.9+1.1 months. Mean DASH Score at final follow up was 7.7+1.1(indicating mild residal impairment). Mean muscle strength at final follow-up was 4.7 ± 0.4 (Range 3 to 5). Mean flexion deformity at elbow was 9.2 ±0.9 (Range 5 to 45) degrees and mean arc of flexion extension as 119 ± 3.4(Range 65to 140) degrees.Conclusion: This approach provides an excellent exposure as well as a good functional outcome as measured by DASH score and full range of motion at the elbow joint with return of almost complete power of the extensor apparatus in patients with intra-articular fractures of distal humerus.
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 OCT (2015)
  • Inter-rater Reliability of Triages Performed by the Electronic Triage

    • Authors: Faramarz Pourasghar, Amin Daemi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Alireza Ala
      Pages: 134 - 137
      Abstract: Objective: To examine the inter-rater reliability of triages performed by the Electronic Triage System (ETS) which has recently developed and used in hospital emergency department (ED).Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted prospectively and studied 408 visitors of Tabriz Imam Reza hospital’s ED. The variables of interest were age, sex, nurse-assigned triage category, physician-assigned triage category, disease type (trauma, non-trauma), and the referred room within the ED. Cohen’s un-weighted kappa, linear weighted kappa, and quadratic weighted kappa were used to describe the reliability.Results: Un-weighted kappa observed to be 0.186 (95% CI: 0.123-0.249). Linear weighted kappa observed as 0.317 (95% CI: 0.251-0.384) and quadratic weighted kappa as 0.462 (95% CI: 0.336-0.589). In general, low agreement was seen between the triage nurses and ED physicians. For trauma patients and for those who were referred to the cardiopulmonary resuscitation room (CPR), all three types of kappa were higher than other visitors of the ED.Conclusion: Inter-rater reliability of the triages performed by the ETS observed as ranging from poor to moderate. Implementing interventions that would create a common language between nurses and physicians about the triage of the ED visitors seems necessary. The more agreement on the triage of trauma and CPR patients might be due to their condition and the more attention to them.
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 OCT (2015)
  • Correlation between Success Rates of Cardiopulmonary Cerebral
           Resuscitation and the Educational Level of the Team Leader; A
           Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Shahram Bolandparvaz, Hamid Mohajer, Mansoor Masjedi, Ehsan Mohammadhoseini, Leila Shayan
      Pages: 138 - 143
      Abstract: Objectives: To determine the correlation between the success rates of the cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation (CPCR) and the team’s leader education and skill level in Shiraz, southern Iran.Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted during a 6-month period from October 2007 to March 2008 in Nemazee hospital of Shiraz. We included all the patients who underwent CPCR due to cardiopulmonary arrest in emergency room of Nemazee hospital during the study period. We recorded the rates of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and discharge rate (DR) of all the patients. The correlation between these two parameters and the team leader’s education and skill level was evaluated.Results: Overall we included total number 600 patients among whom there were 349 men (58.1%) and 251(41.8%) women with mean age of 58.9±42.6.  We found that 270 (45.1%) patients had ROSC, while 330 (54.9%) patients died. Overall 18 (6.6%) patients were discharged   from hospital (3% of all participants). We found that the ROSC was significantly higher in those with specialist leader (anesthesiologist or pediatrician) when compared to those in whom CPCR was conducted by technicians (55.2% vs. 30.7%; p=0.001).Conclusion: Conducting CPCR by persons with higher medical degrees resulted in higher rate of ROSC but not in more discharge rate. Inspite of the fact that the rate of ROSC following CPCR was closely analogous to that of developed countries, discharge rate was lower. This indicates that in our region, much more attention needs to be paid to post-resuscitation care and organizing training programs and to cover more resuscitation by CPCR team, conducted by the specialists.
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 OCT (2015)
  • Gangrenous Appendicitis: A Rare Presentation of Pericecal Hernia; Case
           Report and Review of the Literature

    • Authors: Shailesh Kumar, Priyadarshi Dikshit, Shubhendu Bhaduri, Swati Sattavan
      Pages: 144 - 147
      Abstract: Intra-abdominal Hernias are rare conditions usually secondary to congenital defects, with pericecal hernias accounting for a minority of them. They can be difficult to diagnose due to non-specific presentations but may lead to strangulation and thus require early management. We herein report a rare case of pericecal hernia with gangrenous appendicitis in an 88 year-old lady presenting with features of acute intestinal obstruction and right iliac fossa lump, which on exploration was found to be a pericecal hernia with knotting, strangulation, and gangrenous changes of appendix. This case highlights the need of a high index of suspicion for internal hernias and that of prompt operative intervention to avoid enterectomies and to improve outcome.
      PubDate: 2015-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 OCT (2015)
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