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Journal Cover Concrete Research Letters
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2180-1371
   Published by ISSR Journals Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Synthesis and Application of Nano and Micro-silica particles to enhance
           the Mechanical Proprieties of Cement Concrete

    • Authors: Geetha Devi, Dalal Abdul Latif Rajab Al Balushi, Soleen Jabr Ahmed, Nawal Said Almawali
      Pages: 113 - 122
      Abstract: The purpose of the current research was to evaluate the influence of nano and micro silica on compressive strength properties of cement concrete. Silica nanoparticles of size around 350 nm are synthesized by Stober’s method using Tetra Ethyl Silicate (TEOS), Ethanol and ammonia solution. The synthesized silica particles are characterized using Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Four different batches of sixteen cubes each of dimension 150 mm x 150 mm x 150 mm were prepared by mixing the cement with nano and micro silica, Ultra pozzolana, fine and coarse aggregates by incorporating 0.8% CF 615. The first batch composed of cement, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate and 0.8% CF 615 was considered as a reference batch. Same mix design of proportion 1:1.4:2.1 was followed for remaining mixes by replacing 1% of cement by nano silica, micro silica and Ultra pozzolana. The compressive strength tests of the above mixes are measured using Universal Testing Machine and the results were compared with the control mix. The results demonstrated that the sample were prepared using Ultra pozzolana with 0.8% CF 615, was found to have better strength of 37.45 N/mm2 compared to other samples.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 4 (2016)
  • On the strength prediction in concrete construction based on early age
           results: Case studies

    • Authors: Hossein Akbarzadeh Kasani
      Pages: 123 - 131
      Abstract: Early prediction of strength is crucial in planning for stripping off the formworks and preventing non-working days in concrete construction projects. There are several empirical correlations which allow estimation of concrete strength from early age results. However these correlations have limitations in application. This study established an experimental database which comprised of 382 datasets of strength tests of ordinary Portland cement concrete. These tests were performed over a period of 8 years as part of QA/QC program on 51 construction projects in the Province of Guilan, Northern Iran. From the data, strength ratios between ages (27 and 8 days), (42 and 7 days), (42 and 14 days), and (42 and 28 days) were analysed. New linear and power relations were proposed for estimating 28- and 42-day strength values. Analyses of relative errors along with cumulative probability approach revealed that three well-known models from literature were inaccurate in prediction of strength. It was found out that a correlation by Slater (1926) over-predicted 28-day strength from 7-day test data. Furthermore, the ACI committee 209 (1997) and CEB-FIP (1990) models under-predicted 42-day strength using 28-day strength results. This research should assist in the global, yet simple, understanding of concrete strength development with age.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 4 (2016)
  • Properties of Cement Sand Brick Containing Finely Crushed Cockle Shell as
           Partial Fine Aggregate Replacement

    • Authors: khairunisa muthusamy
      Pages: 132 - 137
      Abstract: Research towards producing environmental friendly cement sand brick stems out from the environmental problem caused by dumping of cockle shell by cockle trade and the increasing river sand mining. This paper discusses the effect of finely crushed cockle shell as partial fine aggregate replacement towards compressive strength, flexural strength and water absorption of cement sand brick. A total of six mixes have been used in this experimental work. Brick produced 100% river sand is considered as control specimen. Another type of mix was prepared by adding a range of crushed cockle shell that is 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% as partial fine aggregate replacement. All mixes were subjected to water curing until the testing age. Both compressive strength test and flexural strength were conducted at 7, 28 and 60 days. The findings shows that integration of 30% finely crushed cockle shell increase the compressive strength and flexural strength of brick. The same mix also exhibits the lowest water absorption value. Utilization of crushed cockle shell as partial fine aggregate replacement that acts as filler makes the internal structure of brick become denser and stronger. Success in incorporating cockle shell waste in brick production would assist in reducing quantity of shell disposed by cockle trade as solid waste and lower the consumption of natural river sand.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 4 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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