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Journal Cover   Concrete Research Letters
  [2 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2180-1371
   Published by ISSR Journals Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Bond Strength of Concrete Containing Different Recycled Coarse Aggregates

    • Authors: Mounir M. kamal, zeinab A. Etman, Mohamed R. Afify, Mahmoud M. Salem
      Abstract: Some of the remnants of construction demolition wastes could be used after recycling as coarse aggregate in concrete industry. Among these wastes are ceramics, shale bricks and hardened concrete. This research was carried out to determine the effect of using such recycled aggregate (RA) as total or partial replacement of the natural dolomite coarse aggregate in concrete mixes on their compressive and bond strength with steel bars. Two types of concrete were investigated in this research which included normal concrete and self-compacted concrete. The main variables taken into consideration wee, the type of concrete, the type and percentage of the recycled aggregate and the age of testing. The consistency of the normal fresh concrete was measured by the slump test. However, the workability and flowability of the self-compacted fresh concrete were measured using slump test, V-funnel test. Out of the experimental test results, equations were predicted which correlated between the concrete compressive strength and bond strength of both the recycled aggregate ordinary concrete and the recycled aggregate self-compacted concrete. These equations were completely different than that of the steel-concrete bond equation of concrete with natural aggregate. Out of this research results, the recycled aggregate concrete could be used in both non structural applications and in some structural applications with special precautions.
      PubDate: 2015-06-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2015)
  • Flexural Behavior of Lightweight Composite Ferrocement Plates

    • Authors: Yousry B. I. Shaheen, Noha Mohamed Soliman, Heba A. A. Kotb
      Abstract: In recent years, producing lightweight structures is considered as one of the most important application of concrete. It has extensive applications in the architect and insulation work. The main objective of this study is to investigate the behavior and the performance of lightweight ferrocement (LWF) composite plates with lightweight materials as filler materials in flexural. Fifteen lightweight ferrocement (LWF) composite plates were investigated by conducting flexural tests. The main variables are (the thickness of plates, the type of filler materials, the type and number of layers of meshes). The behavior of lightweight ferrocement (LWF) composite plates is investigated by conducting flexural tests on fifteen simply supported rectangular plates under three lines loadings. Fifteen plates represented in twelve lightweight ferrocement (LWF) plates and three conventional reinforced concrete (RC) plates. The ferrocement plates were divided into three groups according to the thickness of plates 6cm, 8cm and 10cm. The structural performances of the LWF and RC plates are investigated in terms of crack load, load-deflection curves, stiffness, energy absorption capacity, ductility index, ultimate flexural load-to-weight ratio, load-strain curves, crack patterns, and the failure modes. The test results revealed remarkable enhancement in the flexural behavior and potential application of lightweight ferrocement (LWF) composite plates to produce lightweight structural elements as compared to that of the reinforced concrete (RC) plates, which lead towards the industrialization of building system and meets with innovation and expansible application of concrete construction technology results in better efficiency of developing of lightweight composite ferrocement plates.
      PubDate: 2015-06-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2015)
  • Performance of Concrete Containing Laterite Aggregate Towards Corrosion
           and Acid Attack

    • Authors: khairunisa muthusamy, Norul Wahida Kamaruzaman, Saffuan Wan Ahmad, Fadzil Mat Yahaya
      Abstract: This paper addresses the durability performance of concrete containing laterite aggregate against corrosion, acid attack and carbonation. Two types of mixes were used, that is plain concrete (0% laterite aggregate) and another one, produced by integrating 20% of laterite aggregate as partial coarse aggregate replacement.  The corrosion resistance test was conducted by immersing the 28 days water cured specimens in sodium chloride for 1, 7 and 15 days. The steel bars were then connected to the data logger to determine the corrosion potential of each specimen. The acid resistance of specimens were investigated by immersing it in hydrochloric acid solution and the mass of cubes were measured at every 100 hour until 1800 hour. Carbonation depth was determined by spraying phenolphthalein indicator on broken surface of prism with curing age up to 1 year. The corrosion potential of both types of concrete rose as experimental period become longer. The acid resistance results show the difference in total mass loss of laterite concrete and control specimen is less than 5%. Carbonation results of the specimens are also close to each other. Utilization of 20% laterite aggregate as partial coarse aggregate replacement influences the resistance of concrete upon corrosion effect, acid attack and carbonation.
      PubDate: 2015-06-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2015)
  • Effect of Curing Regime on Compressive Strength of Aerated Concrete
           Containing Palm Oil Fuel Ash as Partial Sand Replacement

    • Authors: Fadzil Mat Yahaya, Khairunisa Muthusamy, Mohd Warid Hussin
      Abstract: Issues on preservation of natural river sand from being used excessively in concrete industry has led to the efforts of utilizing palm oil fuel ash, a by-product from palm oil industry as partial sand replacement in production of aerated concrete. This paper reports the effect of curing regime on compressive strength development of aerated concrete containing palm oil fuel ash as partial cement replacement. Two types of mixes were used in this experimental work namely plain aerated concrete acting as control specimen and aerated concrete containing 30% palm oil fuel ash as partial sand replacement. Concrete cubes were subjected to different types of curing namely initial water curing for 7 days followed by air curing, water curing and air curing until the testing date. The compressive strength test was conducted in accordance to BS EN 12390-3 at 7, 14, 28 and 90 days. Application of water curing is the most suitable method to be applied to ensure better strength development in aerated concrete containing POFA as partial sand replacement. Continuous presence of moisture promotes better hydration and pozzolanic reaction leading to formation of extra C-S-H gel making the concrete denser and exhibit higher compressive strength.
      PubDate: 2015-06-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2015)
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