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Journal of Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Epidemiology
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2325-095X
     Published by SCASI Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Cancer of the Oral and Pharyngeal Region – Need for Sub-site

    • Authors: Amit Chattopadhyay
      Abstract: “Oral cancer” is a term that has been used in different ways by researchers. Terms such as “head and neck cancers”, “oral cancers”, “oral cavity cancers”, “oro pharyngeal cancers”, “oral and pharyngeal cancers” and “upper aerodigestive tract cancers” have been often used in interchangeable manner or for clubbing together cancers in an anatomical region of the body by different investigators. Though most cancers of this region have histological features of squamous cell carcinomas, their epidemiological properties vary substantially by sub-sites, making a strong argument against the habit of clubbing these together for assessing their impact. Overall, it is clear that clubbing oral and pharyngeal cancers from different sub-sites together does not only not make good analytical sense, but the act hides very important differences in properties of cancers at different sub-sites which may have impact on research decisions (research projects as well as research conducting policy), surveillance reporting and informing policy related to management of cancer of this region.
      PubDate: 2014-06-21
      Issue No: Vol. 1 (2014)
  • Research on oral health during pregnancy: Barriers and Opportunities

    • Authors: Astha Singhal
      Abstract: Oral health during pregnancy has several long term implications both for the mother, as well as the baby. This paper summarizes the reasons behind the importance of oral health status and access during pregnancy and provides a detailed review of the PRAMS data collected by the CDC and the states. This study examines the methodology and how it varies across all the states participating in PRAMS, and discusses implications. The study also highlights the limiataions of the current data and outlines the opportunities for expansion and improvement.
      PubDate: 2014-01-25
      Issue No: Vol. 1 (2014)
  • List of Reviewers for the Journal Of Dental, Oral and Craniofacial
           Epidemiology, 2013, Volume No. 1 (Issues 1 - 4)

    • Authors: Amit Chattopadhyay
      Abstract: The Journal of Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Epidemiology thanks all authors for submissions to the journal and gratefully acknowledges the support of the following individuals for taking time from their busy schedules and serving as double blind reviewers for the articles published during the year 2013 in Volume 1, issues 1 thru 4.Akinkugbe, AderonkeArevalo, OscarAstrom, AnneBandopadhyay, DipankarBerghold, AndreaBrignardello, Petersen Romina Burnside, GirvanChatterjee, SharmilaChattopadhyay, AmitChoi, Yong-GeunChristian, BradleyCohen, LoisCollins, RobertDima, ClaudiaGajendra, SangeetaGerds, Thomas A.Gilthorpe, MarkHeumann, ChristianHollister, CathyLeroux, Brian G.Leroy, RoosLesaffre, EmmanuelLópez, RodrigoMacek, MarkMejia, Gloria C.Ofec, RonenOktay, InciPinto, AndresPreisser, JohnPuranik, ManjunathReed, SusanSantigli, ElisabethSilveira, MarushkaSingh, GurkeeratSinghal, AsthaTrovik, Tordis A.Van Wyk, Philippus Johannes 
      PubDate: 2014-01-14
      Issue No: Vol. 1 (2014)
  • International Classification of Diseases Codes and their Use in Dentistry

    • Authors: Darien Weatherspoon, Amit Chattopadhyay
      Abstract: October 1, 2014, is the deadline date for replacing the ICD-9 code sets used to report medical diagnoses and inpatient by the newer, ICD-10 code sets. The transition to ICD-10 is mandatory for all entities covered by the Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA). This short review provides a brief history of the development of ICD codes; provide an overview of ICD-9/ ICD-9-CM and ICD-10/ ICD-10-CM/PCS codes; provide information on the conversion of ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM/PCS codes; and provide information on the uses of ICD codes in dentistry in the United States.
      PubDate: 2013-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 1 (2013)
  • Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of oral leukoplakia in a New
           Zealand population: analysis of a 10-year case series

    • Authors: Marina Salah Kamel, Jonathan Mark Broadbent, Alison Mary Rich
      Abstract: Background: Leukoplakia, the commonest potentially-malignant oral lesion, has a 36-fold increase in likelihood of evolving into squamous cell carcinoma compared to normal mucosa. This study aims to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of patients affected by leukoplakia in a New Zealand population and to investigate the condition’s clinical presentation and aetiology. Methods: Lesions diagnosed clinically as leukoplakia, with a histological diagnosis of epithelial hyperkeratosis or hyperplasia (with or without dysplasia), reported through the Otago University Oral Pathology Diagnostic Service, were reviewed for the decade 1997 to 2006.  Patient-level sociodemographic data and lesion-level data were extracted from clinical records, while the lesions’ dysplasia status were recorded based on the pathologists’ diagnostic report. Observed differences in patient and lesion characteristics were tested using chi-square test; multivariate modelling was conducted using generalised estimating equations. Results: Leukoplakia was more common among males (55.3%), those in their fifth decade of life and those of lower socioeconomic class. Severe dysplasia was more frequently observed in lesions where there was a history of a previous and/or concomitant oral carcinoma (p<0.01). Severely dysplastic lesions commonly presented with a raised surface and colour variation (p<0.01) and were more frequently located in the floor of the mouth or lateral tongue borders. Conclusions: This study described the first data on the characteristics of leukoplakia in a New Zealand population. Conclusions drawn from this investigation have the potential to facilitate the early identification of high-risk lesions and to influence their management in order to reduce risk of malignant transformation.
      PubDate: 2013-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 1 (2013)
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