Journal Cover Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 1448-8388
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [403 journals]
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - 2014 asset management conference
    • Abstract: Platfoot, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Integrating asset management across fremantle ports
    • Abstract: Mendes, A; Pourazim, R; Marley, S; Mohseni, H; Blin, F
      Asset ownership is a significant cost to Fremantle Ports and developing a best practice strategic asset management (SAM) framework that provides a simple, logical and innovative approach for optimising the whole of life cycle cost of asset delivery in meeting the agreed levels of service and risk exposure has been a corporate priority over the past years. With the development and implementation of the SAM framework well underway, Fremantle Ports now focuses on the integration of asset management practices across the business, from operational through to tactical and strategic planning. A pilot project has been proposed to assess and improve asset management practices across one of Fremantle Ports' most critical asset classes, the wharves and jetties. This paper reviews the findings and challenges of this project and the various tools that were developed, including a life cycle cost model. This model is based on asset condition and related deterioration curves that allow for the estimation of remaining life. In addition, the model enables the selection of most cost effective rehabilitation strategies while considering risk profile and available funding, assisting Fremantle Ports in optimising the decision making process by providing an actual and an optimised life cycle cost plan.

      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Build level of services and customer value into
           decision making: Sydney Water's water main asset management strategy
    • Abstract: Zhang, D; Crawley, C; Kane, G
      Sydney Water's water network consists of about 21,000 km of water mains. Sydney Water is a statutory state owned corporation, with the Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal as the economic regulator. Sydney Water has developed a comprehensive set of decision frameworks and business processes to manage the life cycle of water main assets to achieve a desired level of service and financial return within an acceptable risk. With the current constrained financial and economic environment, affordability is the most pressing issue in the water industry as customers are seeking value for money. It is requiring the water industry to reduce capital investment programs and deliver more with less while maintaining or improving customer satisfaction. This paper presents the analysis of the asset performances and customer expectations against the level of services and explains how Sydney Water explores the opportunities to build the level of services and customer value into its asset management strategy and decision framework to optimise the capital investment programs.

      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Can shared coal industry knowledge be adapted to
           improve risk management outcomes in other high-risk domains?
    • Abstract: Shi, M; Kirsch, P; Sprott, D
      Every high-risk industry manages a workforce that operates in hazardous highrisk environments. The risks inherent to coal mining are recognised globally and coal production operates under high levels of regulatory and public scrutiny. The coal-chain is associated with other high-risk industries including power generation and transmission, construction, railways and road transportation, ports and marine shipping. Other energy sectors such as oil and gas have similar dynamics around the management of a workforce in a complex high-risk environment. Despite the discipline required working within hazardous and high-risk industries, incidents continue to be repeated and lessons learned in one industry should be applicable across other similar industries. This paper uses the RISKGATE framework to classify incident/accident data from three other high-risk industries, oil and gas, construction and road transportation. It will clearly identify opportunities where RISKGATE knowledge may offer utility beyond the coal sector. These three industries, as well as related activities such as power generation, railways, ports and marine shipping, are encouraged to engage with both the RISKGATE knowledge bank and the action research workshop process to maximise information sharing about risk management practice across national and international supply and energy chains.

      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Extent of use of continuous improvement process in
           engineering asset management practices in oil and gas service industry in
           Nigeria
    • Abstract: Ilori, OO
      A systematic approach to realising the extent of problems associated with assets and providing mechanisms for improvement is offered by asset management. Continuous improvement process is an approach to improving organisational performance with small incremental steps, over time. The concept of continuous improvement has been adopted in advanced nations. In the Nigerian oil industry, there are limited information on application and utilisation of continuous improvement process as a tool in engineering asset management. The study examined the extent of the use of continuous improvement process in engineering assets management in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria. It covered 60 oil and gas companies in Nigeria where data were collected through questionnaire and analysed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Continuous improvement process was recently embraced and majority of its initiatives had come from within the people in engineering and maintenance department though other sections within organisation also embraced the approach. The concept has also been used in some stages of facility lifecycle like operation and maintenance, productions or construction of engineering assets.

      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Effectiveness of the performance and reliability
           optimisation model in electricity generation
    • Abstract: Kudiwa, W; Visser, JK
      Since 2008 the electricity supply in South Africa has at times been unable to fulfil in the growing demand for electricity. Various initiatives were launched to alleviate this situation by increasing the capacity or reducing the demand. One of these initiatives was the introduction of a performance and reliability optimisation (PRO) model at 13 fossil power stations in South Africa. A research project was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the PRO model and to determine whether it was successful in improving plant availability and in reducing energy losses. The expectation was that the PRO model would also increase plant performance through increased preventive maintenance compliance. This paper discusses an analysis of maintenance history from the SAP information system reports and other performance data at the power stations as well as a survey from 70 respondents. The investigation indicated that the plant performance did not improve significantly after implementation of the PRO model although there was a significant improvement in preventive maintenance and schedule compliance. A number of factors that contribute towards poor plant performance were also identified and ranked. The survey indicated that the age of the plant, lack of discipline and production pressure were major contributors.

      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Maintainer of the future
    • Abstract: Hodkiewicz, MR
      In the last two decades we have seen significant changes in how assets are operated and in the duties of operators due to advances in process control, remote operations systems and development of autonomous assets. However the day to day work of maintenance technicians engaged in the resources and infrastructure sectors has changed very little. This paper looks at trends in asset management particularly with respect to assets in remote locations and how these trends might affect the role and competences of our maintainers of the future.

      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Managing maintenance resources for better asset
           utilisation
    • Abstract: Cahyo, WN; El-Akruti, K; Dwight, R; Zhang, T
      Asset utilisation is concerned with how an asset is efficiently and effectively deployed and used. Essentially the asset utilisation is driven (broadly) by the asset design in particular reliability and maintenance considerations. Asset maintenance involves determination of maintenance strategy to manage failures and maintenance resources. This paper discusses the policies for managing integrated maintenance resources (human resource and supporting material) to perform maintenance activities for a complex asset. Good asset utilisation can be achieved by attaining a better performance of the asset using the same amount of maintenance resources or by reducing the amount of maintenance resources used for the same asset performance. A maintenance department may not manage each kind of resources and may have its own policy to achieve better asset performance. Thus, an integrated policy with all related departments is required. This research aims at developing a model to determine an integrated optimum policy with associated departments. It consists of three sub models representing three different departments in an organisation including Maintenance, Human Resource, and Inventory and Purchasing. Through the model, some combinations of the policies are made and tested to find the best combined policy that, in turn, can help to generate better asset performance.

      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2015 22:04:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - A modern approach to asset management: How 3D
           panoramic imagery can help achieve efficiencies and save costs
    • Abstract: Croft, M
      This short paper discusses how the City of Greater Geelong has revolutionised its approach to asset management by integrating 3D panoramic imagery into its processes.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Operations due diligence
    • Abstract: Francis, GE; Hurley, PJ; Robinson, RM
      With limited resources available for organisations to deliver sustained prosperity and safety there is a need to ensure assets and processes are being utilised efficiently and effectively. To meet the expectations of shareholders, boards, customers and regulators, this needs to be demonstrated in a diligent, transparent and robust manner. The operations due diligence process for a site, plant or process, addresses issues from a strategic viewpoint by determining the actual plant efficiency in the context of all of the credible risk issues and system characteristics to which the site is exposed. It highlights the areas of greatest concern. Precious resources can then be targeted to optimise existing assets and processes to get maximum net outputs from the plant. A case study of the operations due diligence process as applied to the Gladstone Area Water Board for critical infrastructure is presented. The Queensland competition regulator (Queensland Competition Authority, 2012) has published the full report.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - How does operational readiness assist in asset
           management: It surely is an operations function?
    • Abstract: Krauss, E
      The notion of operational readiness gains momentum in all industries and the public sector. What do we understand of operational readiness? How does operational readiness fit in with projects? Asset owners/operators specify as part of the project process the need to carry out an operational readiness review. Project managers who have been asked about the inclusion of operational readiness activities acknowledge that these days operational readiness is part of a project delivery. A majority still appear "annoyed" by the distraction of having to deal with the operations people and their demands during the project. Recent involvement of the author in operational readiness activities indicate that by and large the elements of operational readiness are not defined with any clarity or embedded either in the asset owner/operators processes or the project delivery processes. Operational readiness activities that are carried out add substantial cost to a project. What is the value added if the processes are not embedded in asset owning and project organisations? These and many more questions come to mind when discussing operational readiness. The paper examines the need for operational readiness activities in the project and identifies value add outcomes that are the compelling reasons for planning operational readiness.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Preface
    • Abstract: Platfoot, Bob
      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - The funding battle: Defending the maintenance budget
           of a government-owned utility business
    • Abstract: Hare, S; Masters, D; Kennedy, J
      Assuring financial sustainability is essential for government-owned monopolies that utilise long lived assets to provide essential services. A financially defensible position for asset related expenditure can be achieved through quantitative risk assessments which balance loss of opportunity for revenue growth and excessive risk mitigation expenditure on operations and maintenance. This paper will explore the concept of a defensible budget as applied to operations and maintenance budgets within a publicly-owned utility. This exploration will be through a case study in the application of reliability centred maintenance (RCM) as a quantitative risk based technique to modernise traditional maintenance and operating practises applied to mature assets. The case study will focus on less well documented issues in RCM such as achieving a quantitative risk based solution to task frequency, establishing reject criteria for condition monitoring tasks, developing quality task descriptions, validating initial task estimates and building a culture for quality delivery.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Procurement and delivery of required performance: Case
           study
    • Abstract: Arthur, R; Kennedy, J
      A case study is presented pertaining to a performance based contract for the delivery of a specified capability and level of assurance (availability) for a fleet of assets. Increasingly, organisations are recognising that they need to focus on their core business rather than try to be best at everything. Thus operational service delivery organisations are concentrating their focus on how the asset is used rather than the technical details of how to make it available for service. This thinking better manages the potential conflict of interest between asset ownership and service delivery and allows the shift of asset availability risk to another party (eg. the builder or allied supplier). However, the purchase and delivery of a required performance regime brings with it new challenges for both the operator and the supplier of that capability. This paper will explore the technical challenges faced and their successful solution through a performance based contracting strategy requiring demonstration, early in the design and build stage, that required asset availability can be met. In particular the approach to progressively assure the design solution represents the risk expectations of both parties from the earliest stages through reliability, availability and maintainability modelling is explained. The use of such models, to achieve a common understanding of solution issues and to focus both parties attention on areas where effort would achieve both a technically and financially sustainable outcome for both, is explained.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Practical analytics for maintenance teams using
           computerised maintenance management system work history
    • Abstract: Platfoot, R
      This paper describes the analysis and reporting of data from maintenance information systems to advise maintenance teams on improvements to how they balance and deliver their work, and improve the reliability of poorly performing equipment. Reports on work management and its effectiveness consider the balance between reactive and preventive/conditionbased maintenance strategies plus assessing backlog risk to ensure the right work is being done on time. Analytics are presented regarding the reliability of significant assets whereby the failure modes are derived from text patterning algorithms searching the long description text of corrective work orders. This approach takes into account synonyms and alternative ways in which maintenance personnel describe their individual jobs. Using these results it is possible to report where maintenance is less than optimum on significant asset. Outcomes from this work provide advice on both improvement in the conduct of maintenance and the maintenance strategies established throughout the organisation being analysed. This approach provides a speed of analysis, coverage of all assets and a reporting approach which will directly benefit maintenance decision making.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Development and deployment of a data capture and
           reporting system for Onesteel Wire Products
    • Abstract: Brunner, M
      Newcastle and Geelong Wiremills processes approximately 200,000 t/a of steel rod and bar into wire, wire products and fence posts. The processes in the plant involve over 100 individual machines, three continuous galvanising lines, cleaning lines and effluent plants. The complexity of these plants and significant reliance on manual labour led to a number of data gathering systems being developed by individual departments. These systems generally did not share a common platform, calculated critical measures differently, and data was not shared or compared. In 2010 a project brief to implement a machine data capture (MDC) system in Newcastle and Geelong Wiremills was developed. The gathering system was to be plant-based for direct operator input, with the reporting system being web-based, for ease of access. In 2011 the capital approval for stage one of the project was approved with installation of this stage being completed later that year. Currently there are 28 MDC stations installed and over 12 months of data gathered, which is being reviewed in different forms on a daily basis. This paper is a review of the whole process from development of the specification, installation of the system, development of the reporting system, and then some practical examples as to how the data gathered is being used to improve overall equipment efficiency.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - iAPM for asset health management: New benchmarks for
           resource industries
    • Abstract: Power, Y
      This paper examines how advanced asset health management is integral for organisations to operate safely, effectively and profitably. Asset health management is particularly important in the resources sector and in remote operating centres which rely on operators viewing and analysing masses of data through the use of visual tools and graphics. This paper explores the importance of intelligent asset performance management (iAPM), an automated system, integrating disparate data and deploying advanced monitoring and diagnosis algorithms to continuously evaluate asset performance (equipment, process, control and infrastructure) so that every aspect of an organisation's asset condition is completely visible and available to all users online in near real time across the entire supply chain. iAPM allows asset degradation and equipment breakdown to be detected early, predicting and preventing sub-optimal operation before it impacts production and safety. Results are targeted at each stakeholder group (executive, analytical and operational) and integrated into daily operational workflow. Examples of successful implementations of iAPM systems will be provided from within mineral processing operations, utilities, resources and rail.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Theory and example of embedding organisational change:
           Rolling out overall equipment effectiveness in a large mining company
    • Abstract: O'Malley, A
      Measuring availability and utilisation sets up the dynamics of a blame culture, siloed thinking and competition rather than collaboration. Availability and utilisation do not include rate losses, or quality losses. When overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) is measured these additional losses are included, that identify far more opportunities for improvement. More importantly OEE is an overarching asset management measure, focused at a high level. Everyone should be focused on OEE, not just what is going on in their department. This paper will outline a well proven theoretical management of change model, and show how to change an organisation intent on arguing minor details, into an organisation focused on the big picture. This paper describes the change process steps, from convincing the CEO, to having OEE embedded in the DNA of the organisation. Details included in this paper are: the key steps to embedding change, how to convince a CEO to adopt OEE, and leadership styles to engage the entire organisation. This paper describes the four year journey from Availability and Utilisation to having OEE embedded in the organisation. A significant number of change programs in large organisations fail (Kotter, 2007). This identifies an organisational change process that has a theoretical basis, and demonstrates how this model was used successfully to implement a major organisational change.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - RISKGATE: Industry sharing risk controls across
           Australian coal operations
    • Abstract: Kirsch, P; Shi, M; Sprott, D
      RISKGATE is an interactive online risk management body of knowledge developed by the Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre, University of Queensland, to assist the mining industry in implementing continual improvement in management of major unwanted events thus maximising health, safety and operational performance. This body of knowledge generates substantive and leading edge controls to assist mining industry stakeholders in risk assessments, incident investigation, audits and training. The first 11 RISKGATE topics (Collisions, Tyres, Isolation, Strata Underground, Ground Control Open Cut, Fires, Explosions, Explosives Underground, Explosives Open Cut, Manual Tasks, Slips/Trips/Falls) were launched in December 2012. RISKGATE is the largest single Australian Coal Association Research Program occupational health and safety initiative to date. All major Australian coal mining companies are contributing topic experts to this broad industry initiative with over 400 days of industry expert time logged in action research workshops during 2011-2012 to develop the knowledge base for the first 11 topics. From a broader industry perspective, RISKGATE provides knowledge capture and knowledge exchange that will drive industry-wide innovation and best practice in the identification, assessment and management of risk. By capturing operational knowledge from industry experts, RISKGATE provides a cumulative corporate memory at a time of high personnel turnover in the coal industry. There is no reason that the RISKGATE approach and system could not be adapted to knowledge management requirements of a broad range of other high risk industries.

      PubDate: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 22:38:34 GMT
       
 
 
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