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Journal Cover FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2014-9255 - ISSN (Online) 2014-9255
   Published by Universitat Pompeu Fabra Homepage  [1 journal]
  • El deportista político ¿o politizado' El caso de Colin
           Kaepernick

    • Authors: José Luis Pérez Triviño, Francisco J. López Frías
      Issue No: Vol. 0
       
  • Kaepernick Flips the Script: Empowering the Silenced Black Athlete

    • Authors: LaToya Brackett
      Abstract: Colin Kaepernick, former quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers, committed no crime, but created an uproar within the United States of America after he took the conscious choice to sit (later kneel) during the National Anthem for the 2016 NFL season. He chose to sit in protest against the injustices faced by Blacks in America, especially after a tumultuous year of deaths of Blacks at the hands of the police. He sat in protest for the lack of justice for those killed. He sat because his conscious could no longer allow him to stand for the National Anthem that for him did not represent all Americans. He sat despite the financial success his career in football afforded him, and most likely he planned to maintain as his career. This paper explores the racial implications of Colin Kaepernick’s choice to protest the National Anthem, his stance of the issues that he protested, the various impacts on Americans, and the major impact on Kaepernick as a professional athlete in America. Utilizing two theories, the experiences of Kaepernick throughout his first year of protest, are analyzed. The goal of this paper is to give an accurate time line, with the emphasis on Colin Kaepernick as a representation of the Black male athlete in America. As the theories demonstrate, the Black athlete is not to be heard, and Kaepernick’s silent protest flipped the script on the silent Black athlete for the current generation, in the digital age. His courage to take a stand habitually, as a professional athlete, without a specific person in mind, but an entire cause, resonated with many—in positive and negative ways. A very prominent component to this impact resided in the racial implications, and they must be recognized.
      Issue No: Vol. 0
       
  • An Argument against Athletes as Political Role Models

    • Authors: Shawn E. Klein
      Abstract: A common refrain in and outside academia is that prominent sports figures ought to engage more in the public discourse about political issues. This idea parallels the idea that athletes ought to be role models in general. This paper first examines and critiques the “athlete as role model” argument and then applies this critique to the “athlete as political activist” argument. Appealing to the empirical political psychological literature, the paper sketches an argument that athlete activism might actually do more harm than good.
      Issue No: Vol. 0
       
  • The Revival of Athlete Activism(s): Divergent Black Politics in the 2016
           Presidential Election Engagements of LeBron James and Colin Kaepernick

    • Authors: Steve Marston
      Abstract: In the fall of 2016, LeBron James and Colin Kaepernick stood as two of the most visible figures in the recent revival of Black sport-activism. It is perhaps inevitable, then, that both men engaged in that season’s Presidential contest between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. However, they did so in disparate ways. James aligned himself with Clinton, publicly endorsing the Democratic candidate through an optimistic worldview in which benevolent social leadership paved the way toward lessened inequality, racial or otherwise. On the other hand, Kaepernick rejected both candidates as representatives of institutional oppression, instead favoring grassroots, community-based resistance. When placed in historical context, their actions reflect deep strands in the history of Black politics, particularly the distinct but overlapping ideologies of liberalism and radicalism. Through a study of their engagement with Presidential politics, it is demonstrated that contemporary sport activism, or what may be described as a network of interconnected “activisms,” echoes both the shared ideology and internal nuance present in Leftist Black politics for over a century.
      Issue No: Vol. 0
       
  • Zola Budd and the Political Pawn

    • Authors: Pam R. Sailors
      Abstract: The attitude toward athletes engaging in political speech has varied over time, with activism often discouraged, but encouraged on rare occasions. The paper seeks to reconcile the two conflicting positions through proposing a more nuanced way to think about the relationship between athletes and political activism. Specifically, I argue that political speech, while obviously appropriate outside the field of play, has no place within the sporting arena. The paper begins with descriptions of the Colin Kaepernick case and the Zola Budd case. The main substance of the paper comes in laying out the position that athletes should not be activists, acknowledging a challenge to that position, and incorporating the notion of sacred space to establish the final conclusion.
      Issue No: Vol. 0
       
  • Athletic Disobedience: Providing a Context for Analysis of Colin
           Kaepernick’s Protest

    • Authors: Tom Rorke, Adam Copeland
      Abstract: The interface between sport and political protest is not a new phenomenon. New iterations and new debates have arisen recently. Colin Kaepernick, backup quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers, found a powerful and controversial form of political action when he decided to sit for the playing of the national anthem prior to a preseason game on August 26, 2016. Kaepernick did this to draw greater attention to police violence against black and brown people in the United States. The story gained traction in the media, spurring on a renewed discussion about the intersection between athletics, Americanism, protest, and race. This paper will provide an overview of the Kaepernick protest, analyzing it through historical, sociological, and philosophical lenses. The specifics of the protest will be presented, including important interpretations of the protest, in order to show the debates that frame the prevailing ideas about how athletes like Kaepernick should behave. Following the introduction of relevant interpretations of the protest, historical ties will be made to earlier protests that will better situate Kaepernick’s protest. After the protest is historically situated, a number of philosophic principles that scholars should consider when thinking about Kaepernick’s protest will be introduced. Ultimately, the goal of this paper is to offer an informative foundation from which other scholarly interpretations and arguments can be made and which other scholars can reference.
      Issue No: Vol. 0
       
 
 
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