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Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science    Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2085-4773 - ISSN (Online) 2302-2906
     Published by Udayana University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • MASSAGE STIMULATION REDUCES TUMOR NECROTIC FACTOR-ALPHA AND INTERLEUKIN-6
           IN PRETERM, LOW BIRTH WEIGHT WITH APPROPRIATE GESTATIONAL AGE NEWBORNS
    • Authors: I G. A. Trisna Windiani, S. Sotjiningsih, N. Mantik Astawa, and R. Kusnandi
      Abstract: Preterm newborn is susceptible from various stresses such as infections or non infections. During stress, immune response is activated by synthesizing and releasing of cytokines from activated immune cells into the circulation. One of the efforts to overcome the stress is massage stimulation. Several studies have been carried out to find out the benefit of massage stimulation. The objective of this study is to find out the effect of massage stimulation to reduce of TNF-' and IL-6 levels on preterm, low birth weight, appropriate to gestational age newborn. This was a randomized controlled trial. Subjects of the study were all preterm newborns with a stable medical condition, birth weight 1,500-2,499 gram, appropriate to gestational age. The study was carried out on October-December 2011, in neonatology ward, Sanglah General Hospital, Vali-Indonesia. The number of cases was 35 subjects and the number of controls was 36 subjects. The examination of TNF-', IL-6 levels and birth weights before and after massage stimulation were performed on both groups. The level of TNF-' and IL-6 was examined by applying ELISA method. The level of confidence was ' = 0.05. All statistical analysis was performed by computer programme. There was different level of cytokine pro-inflammation TNF-' (p=0.025) and IL-6 (p=0,001) comparing before and after condition massage stimulation. Outcome of body weight were also different at before and after massage stimulation, with p value 0.042. The conclusion of this study is that massage stimulation can reduce the level of TNF-',   IL-6 and increasing of birth weight on preterm, low birth weight appropriate gestational age newborn. Based on this study, in the future, massage stimulation can be done in newborn with stable medical conditions by parents or trained staffs.
      PubDate: 2013-07-03
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2013)
       
  • ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS UNDER THE INTEGRATED CHILD
           DEVELOPMENT SERVICES: in The Field Practice Area of Rural Training Health
           Centre, Nadayara, Travancore Medical College, Kollam-India
    • Authors: D. Sumit, and J. Abraham
      Abstract: Assessment of health and nutritional status was carried out in Anganwadi Children in the Field Practice Area of Rural Training Health Centre, Nadayara, Travancore Medical College, Kollam. This is a cross sectional study within community base setting. Data were collected by a pretested structured questionnaire and analyzed by applying SPSS. Undernourished children in the Anganwadis under study were 21 %. Growth pattern of these children were significantly associated with the birth weight and the episodes of diarrhea. A significant proportion of children are missing the booster doses. DPT booster (16-24 months) is only 74.1 % and DT booster (5-6 years) is only a meager of 13.6%
      PubDate: 2013-07-03
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2013)
       
 
 
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