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Journal Cover Liver Cancer
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2235-1795 - ISSN (Online) 1664-5553
   Published by Karger Homepage  [105 journals]
  • The 8th Asia-Pacific Primary Liver Cancer Expert Meeting (APPLE 2017). The
           Art & Science of Conquering Liver Cancer. Singapore, July 14-16, 2017:
           Abstracts
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6(suppl 1):1-71
       
  • Title Page / Table of Contents
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6(suppl 1):I-IV
       
  • Apple News
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:250
       
  • The APPLE Association President's Message
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:251
       
  • Information of APPLE 2017
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:252
       
  • Beneficial Effect of Maintaining Hepatic Reserve during Chemotherapy on
           the Outcomes of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    • Abstract: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) usually develops in chronically damaged liver. We investigated hepatic reserves during chemotherapy of patients with advanced HCC and compensated liver function to evaluate the effect on patients' outcomes of maintaining hepatic reserve after chemotherapy. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 190 patients with Child-Pugh A with advanced HCC who were treated with sorafenib or hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC). We investigated the Child-Pugh score and albumin-bilirubin grade for hepatic reserve, and evaluated the effect of the change in Child-Pugh scores on patients' outcomes. Subjects were treated with sorafenib (n = 59) or HAIC (n = 131). Of patients with Child-Pugh data, 66.7% maintained or improved their Child-Pugh score after 4 weeks. Treatment with HAIC was the only factor that significantly contributed to maintaining Child-Pugh scores after 4 weeks. The overall survival of patients with a higher Child-Pugh score after 4 weeks was shorter than that of patients whose Child-Pugh classification was unchanged. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that an increased Child-Pugh score after 4 weeks was one of the independent unfavorable prognostic factors. The change of hepatic reserve as a function of albumin-bilirubin grade did not significantly correlate with patients' outcomes. Maintaining the Child-Pugh score during chemotherapy benefits the outcomes of patients with advanced HCC, even those with sufficient hepatic reserve.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:236-249
       
  • The Overall Survival of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma Correlates
           with the Newly Defined Time to Progression after Transarterial
           Chemoembolization
    • Abstract: Aim/Background: The ultimate aim of any treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is to improve overall survival (OS); however, the clinical significance of time to progression (TTP) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is unclear. This retrospective study examined the association between OS and the newly defined time to TACE progression (TTTP) to assess whether TTTP can be an alternative to OS in HCC patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B. Methods: Between January 2006 and December 2013, 592 patients with HCC (BCLC B1, n = 118; BCLC B2, n = 170) underwent TACE. TTTP was then redefined as time to progression from the first image taken after TACE. The relationship between TTTP and OS was then examined based on survival time. Results: Survival analysis revealed significant differences in the OS of patients with BCLC B1 and those with BCLC B2 (median OS: 42.3 months, 95% confidence interval [CI] 34.4-50.7; and 29.3 months, 95% CI 26.1-37.6, respectively, p = 0.0348). The median TTTP values were 9.5 months (95% CI 7.0-10.9) and 5.3 months (95% CI 4.6-6.7), respectively (p = 0.0078). There was a moderate positive correlation between OS and TTTP for both B1 (R2 = 0.6563, p = 0.0045) and B2 (R2 = 0.6433, p = 0.0052) substages. There was also a positive correlation between OS and TTTP for the combined B1 and B2 substages (R2 = 0.6590, p = 0.0024). Conclusions: There was a moderate correlation between the TTTP and OS of patients with HCC after TACE therapy, where the patients with short TTTP represented short OS, indicating that TTTP is an alternative parameter for survival analysis of HCC patients with BCLC stage B tumors who undergo TACE.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:227-235
       
  • Adoption of Sorafenib for the Treatment of Advanced-Stage Hepatocellular
           Carcinoma in Oncology Practices in the United States
    • Abstract: Background: The adoption of sorafenib into oncology practice as a first-line systemic treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well understood. We examined sorafenib use since Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in 2007 and associated survival for individuals diagnosed with advanced HCC, conducting a population-based evaluation of treatment patterns and outcomes for this newly approved drug in the US over time. Methods: We identified individuals diagnosed with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Stage C from the 2007 and 2012 National Cancer Institute Patterns of Care study. We examined trends in use as well as patient and clinical factors associated with receiving sorafenib using multivariate logistic regression analysis. We then evaluated the association between sorafenib use and overall hazard of death using multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression. Results: Among 550 individuals diagnosed with advanced HCC, we found no significant increase in the proportion of patients treated with sorafenib from 2007 to 2012 (26.3 vs. 30.4%). After adjusting for patient and clinical characteristics, non-Hispanic Blacks (compared to non-Hispanic Whites) and those with a lower Child-Pugh score remained more likely to receive sorafenib. Individuals receiving systemic chemotherapy only, radiation therapy only, or no treatment at all experienced a higher risk of death than those treated with sorafenib, while those receiving a transplant experienced a lower risk of death. Conclusions: Sorafenib has not been widely adopted into oncology practice since FDA approval for advanced HCC. Few factors apart from Child-Pugh score and race/ethnicity predict sorafenib use in clinical practice, although sorafenib treatment is associated with a lower risk of death.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:216-226
       
  • Albumin-Bilirubin Grade and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treatment Algorithm
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:185-188
       
  • A New Era of Systemic Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma with
           Regorafenib and Lenvatinib
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:177-184
       
 
 
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