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Journal Cover Liver Cancer
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 2235-1795 - ISSN (Online) 1664-5553
   Published by Karger Homepage  [101 journals]
  • APPLE News
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:99-100
  • Immune Checkpoint Blockade in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: 2017 Update
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:1-12
  • Anatomical Study of the Caudate Lobe with Special Reference to Portal
           Venous and Biliary Branches Using Corrosion Liver Casts and Clinical
    • Abstract: The definition and extent of the human caudate lobe in the liver is unclear, and thus, the anatomy of the caudate lobe was studied using 23 corrosion liver casts, with special reference to the portal venous and biliary branches. These branches and their ramification type in the caudate lobe showed that this lobe includes: (1) the Spiegel lobe; (2) the paracaval portion; and (3) the caudate process portion. The three portions often have their own independent branches; for example, the portal venous and biliary branches of the Spiegel lobe were ramified mainly from the left-side tract, whereas those of the caudate process portion were ramified from the right-side tract. The portal venous branches of the paracaval portion were ramified mainly from the left portal vein, while the biliary branches of this portion drained into the right and left biliary tracts at almost equal frequencies. In most cases, the peripheral branches reached the liver surface beneath the diaphragm. Thus, the present division of the caudate lobe into three portions could make the extent of the caudate lobe clear and is considered logical from a clinical viewpoint.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:161-170
  • Clinical Anatomy of the Liver: Review of the 19th Meeting of the Japanese
           Research Society of Clinical Anatomy
    • Abstract: Precise clinical knowledge of liver anatomy is required to safely perform a hepatectomy, for both open and laparoscopic surgery. At the 19th meeting of the Japanese Research Society of Clinical Anatomy (JRSCA), we conducted special symposia on essential issues of liver surgery, such as the history of hepatic segmentation, the glissonean pedicle approach, application of 3-D imaging simulation and fluorescent imaging using indocyanine green solution, a variety of segmentectomies including caudate lobectomy, the associating liver partition and portal vein embolization for stage hepatectomy and harvesting liver grafts for living donor liver transplantation. The present review article provides useful information for liver surgeons and anatomic researchers.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:146-160
  • Short-Term Results of Laparoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation Using a
           Multipolar System for Localized Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    • Abstract: Background and Aim: Multipolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is feasible for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for which a large ablative area is planned, and it imposes a light physical burden on patients. Multipolar RFA via the percutaneous approach is performed in the majority of cases, but the efficacy of multipolar RFA with a laparoscopic approach has rarely been studied. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of multipolar laparoscopic RFA (LRA) for localized HCC over the short term. Methods: From January 2014 to January 2016, 77 consecutive patients with 130 HCCs treated by multipolar LRA were assessed. One to three bipolar needle applicators were inserted under laparoscopic ultrasonography guidance, regardless of tumor location. We intended to achieve parallel insertions and no-touch ablation as much as possible. Results: The median size of the main tumor was 22 mm (range, 10-42 mm). The median follow-up time was 13.6 months (range, 3.1-24.8 months). In all cases, a sufficient ablative area was obtained as planned, without thermal injury of adjacent organs. During the follow-up period, all patients were alive with no local tumor progression, while intrahepatic recurrence distant from the primary site occurred in 7 patients. The 2-year local tumor progression-free survival rate and overall cancer-free survival rate were 100 and 81.6%, respectively. There were no procedural major complications caused prolonging the hospitalization, and all patients were discharged without subjective symptoms 4-7 days after LRA. Conclusions: Multipolar LRA was efficacious in the treatment of localized HCCs by safely achieving a good ablative area.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:137-145
  • Factors Influencing Surveillance for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients
           with Liver Cirrhosis
    • Abstract: Objective: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, and a rising cause of cancer mortality in the U.S. Liver cirrhosis is the major risk factor for HCC. Surveillance of persons with cirrhosis facilitates early detection and improves outcomes. We assessed the surveillance rate for HCC within a major academic health system and identified factors influencing surveillance. Patients and Methods: We examined the surveillance rate for HCC using liver ultrasound, CT, or MRI, and factors influencing surveillance in a cohort of 369 Minnesota residents with cirrhosis seen at the Mayo Clinic between 2007 and 2009. Results: Ninety-three percent of cirrhosis patients received at least one surveillance study, but only 14% received the recommended uninterrupted semiannual surveillance. Thirty percent received ≥75% of recommended surveillance, and 59% received ≥50% of recommended surveillance. Factors increasing surveillance included gastroenterology or hepatology specialist visits (p < 0.0001), advanced liver disease as assessed by hepatic encephalopathy (p = 0.0008), and comorbid illness as assessed by diabetes mellitus (p = 0.02). Age, sex, race, residence, cirrhosis etiology, or number of primary care visits did not significantly affect the rate of surveillance. Conclusions: While the rate of surveillance in a major academic health system was higher than reported in other studies, surveillance was heavily dependent on visits to a subspecialist. This suggests a major and urgent national need to improve identification of individuals at risk for HCC in the primary care setting and the initiation and maintenance of surveillance by primary care practitioners.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:126-136
  • Commentary on the Paper “Anatomical Study of the Caudate Lobe with
           Special Reference to the Portal Venous and Biliary Branches Using
           Corrosion Liver Casts and Clinical Application” by Kumon
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:171-172
  • MicroRNAs for the Prediction of Early Response to Sorafenib Treatment in
           Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    • Abstract: Background: Several studies suggest the role of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the serum miRNA profile associated with the response to sorafenib remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to clarify the specific miRNAs in serum that could predict the early response of HCC to sorafenib treatment. Summary: Analyzing the sera from 16 HCC patients, we selected five miRNAs that showed differences in serum levels between patients with and without tumor responses among 179 known secretory miRNAs by using locked nucleic acid probe-based quantitative PCR. Through further analysis using a validation cohort that included 53 HCC patients who underwent sorafenib treatment and 8 healthy control subjects, we found that miR-181a-5p and miR-339-5p showed significant differences in serum levels among patients with partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), and progressive disease (PD), where PR patients showed the highest and PD the lowest levels. We also analyzed the factors associated with disease control (DC; PR or SD) 3 months after the initiation of sorafenib treatment; patients with DC showed a significantly higher level of serum miR-181a-5p than non-DC patients or healthy control subjects (p = 0.0349 and 0.0180 for DC vs. non-DC and control vs. non-DC by Tukey-Kramer test, respectively). We further conducted multivariate analysis among HCC patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C using extrahepatic metastasis, serum decarboxyprothrombin, and miR-181a-5p levels as covariables; serum miR-181a-5p was the only independent factor for achieving DC (p = 0.0092, odds ratio 0.139, and 95% confidence interval 0.011-0.658). In addition, miR-181a-5p level was also the only independent factor affecting overall survival (p = 0.0194, hazard ratio 0.267, and 95% confidence interval 0.070-0.818). Key Messages: A high serum level of miR-181a-5p before treatment is associated with DC after the initiation of sorafenib.
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:113-125
  • Molecular Targeted Agents for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Current Status and
           Future Perspectives
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:101-112
  • EWALT: East Meets West in a Multidisciplinary Setting to Improve the
           Management of Liver Tumors
    • Abstract:
      Liver Cancer 2017;6:13-15
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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