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International Journal of Advanced Design and Manufacturing Technology
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [6 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2008-1421
     Published by Islamic Azad University Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Design and Development of Limits of Stability and Postural Stability
           Protocols for a Computerized Dynamic Posturography

    • Authors: Azadi Yazdani, Nasser Fatouraee
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Upright balance control is an important human skill which can be impaired by aging and different disorders. Therefore, clinical and laboratory measures of balance assessment were established. The latest technology in the laboratory methods is a stabilometer with a computer or computerized dynamic posturography which assesses static and dynamic balance using body sways. A computerized dynamic posturography system consists of a computer and a stabilometer which is an unstable platform under patient's feet and calculates center of pressure on the platform to display it immediately on the screen. To evaluate weight shift ability, the patient should move his center of pressure in a determined path. Also, he should stay upright on the unstable platform or decreases its sways to show his ability to recover balance. For these purposes in the present study, two protocols "Limits of stability" (LOS) and "Postural stability" (PS) were designed and developed for a pre-made stabilometer with a maximum of 20 degrees deviation from horizontal in all direction to achieve the mentioned purposes. In the limits of stability protocol eight blinking targets are shown on the ideal limits of stability for the person randomly which he must reach by moving his body. In this case, the person's center of pressure is shown as a point on the screen that the person should transfer it to the targets. The other protocol is postural stability in which the person must minimize the platform swings. Hereby, another point is defined as the center of balance by which the deflections of the platform about two axes are converted into a point and represented on the display, so the person can see his function feedback. Finally, the protocols calculate and display the person's functional characteristics that can be saved to the computer of computerized dynamic posturography to demonstrate a diagram of the patient's functional progression. In addition to the balance assessment, the device improves balance and neuromuscular strength and is useful in medicine, laboratory researches, physiotherapy, sport and bodybuilding.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Effects of Geometrical Tolerances on Residual Stresses in a Compound
           Shrink Fitted Pressure Vessel

    • Authors: Mohammad Sedighi, M. T. Noorian, A. H. Jabbari
      First page: 13
      Abstract: Shrink fit process is a useful technique in order to introduce beneficial residual stress in compound pressure vessels. In this paper, the effects of geometrical tolerances on residual stresses have been studied for a compound shrink fitted pressure vessel, practically. Three layers, which are designed based on an optimum nominal thickness and overlap dimensions and tolerances, have been fitted by shrink fitting to obtain a multi-layered high pressure vessel with desirable residual stress distribution. But in the manufacturing process, variations of inner and outer diameter of each layer have been observed within the design tolerances. The geometrical tolerances considerably affect the residual stresses. In this work, experimental results for residual stress are obtained from measurements of inner diameter of innermost cylinder due to two stages of shrink fitting. Then, the residual stress distribution is compared with analytical solution and finite element method at the lower limit and upper limit of tolerance domains. It is shown that very small geometrical tolerance could have a significant effect on residual hoop stress distribution. Also, the experimental results have a good agreement with analytical and finite element results.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Minimizing Thermal Residual Stresses in Ceramic Matrix Composite by
           BSG-Starcraft Radius PSO

    • Authors: Y.J. Xu, E. Padayodi, S. A. Bahrani, D. Chamoret
      First page: 21
      Abstract: To achieve an excellent thermal-mechanical performance of CMCs, it is necessary to analyze and design the thickness of the multi-layered interphases for an optimized TRS distribution. An optimization was performed with a new version of the particle swarm optimization, the BSG-Starcraft Radius PSO linked to a finite element software.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Effects of Process Parameters on Superplastic Forming of a License Plate
           Pocket Panel

    • Authors: Mohammad Hasan Shojaeefard, Abolfazl Khalkhali, Elyar Miandoabchi
      First page: 25
      Abstract: Superplastic forming (SPF) is a manufacturing process utilized in the automotive industry to produce complex geometry aluminum or magnesium alloy components which cannot be fabricated at room temperature. This paper investigates the effects of the die entry radius and the interfacial friction coefficient on the required forming time and thickness distribution of a superplastic formed part. A commercial finite element software, ABAQUS/Implicit, is applied to simulate forming of AA5083 aluminum alloy into a license plate pocket panel. The results indicate that for a fixed friction coefficient, increasing the entry radius reduces the forming time and enhances the formed part quality, in terms of thickness distribution. It is also shown that the lower the friction coefficient, the higher the sensitivity of the forming time to the die entry radius variations.//
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Analytical and Numerical Buckling Analysis of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced
           Annular Composite Plates

    • Authors: Esmail Asadi, J. E. Jam
      First page: 35
      Abstract: The buckling analysis of annular composite plates reinforced by carbon nanotubes subjected to compressive and torsional loads are studied in this paper. The Mori-Tanaka method is employed to calculate the effective elastic modulus of composites having aligned oriented straight CNTs. The effects of CNTs volume fractions, orientation angles, boundary conditions and geometric ratio of plate are discussed. The results are calculated by analytical method based on classical plate theory and FE methods using ANSYS software and third order shear deformation theory for moderately thick laminated plates. It is found that the stability of plate increases as the thickness or inner to outer ratio rises and when the CNTs arranged in the circumferential direction the highest buckling load is achieved.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • The effect of carbon nanotubes on buckling analysis of embedded oil pipes
           resting on elastic medium

    • Authors: Hassan Rahimipour, Afshin Manouchehrifard
      First page: 45
      Abstract: The theoretical and experimental investigation on the thermo-mechanical properties of carbon nanotube (CNT) as reinforcer for oil and gas pipes has increasingly become a hot research area for many engineers and material scientists in recent years. This is mainly due to the advent of the new composite material systems that exhibit exotic material and mechanical properties as compared to the traditional, carbon fiber-reinforced composite structures. In this study, the effect of carbon nanotube (CNT) on the buckling of the embedded sea lines is investigated. The sea lines are simulated with isotropic cylindrical shell subjected to thermal and mechanical loads. The sea line is reinforced by armchair carbon nanotubes (CNTs) where characteristics of the equivalent nanocomposite being determined using Mori-Tanaka model. The elastic medium is modelled using Pasternak foundation. The governing equations are obtained based on strain-displacement, stress-strain and energy relations as well as Hamilton's principal. The influences of volume percent of CNTs in sea lines, geometrical parameters, elastic medium constants, temperature change and poison ratio on the buckling load of the system are investigated. Results indicate that the buckling load of the sea line increases with increasing volume percent of CNTs in sea lines. Hence, the CNTs are very useful as reinforcer for sea lines in order to increase of the buckling load of the system.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Experimental Investigation on the Influence of Cutting Parameters on
           Surface Quality obtained in SPDT of PMMA

    • Authors: Ketan Jagtap
      First page: 53
      Abstract: Manufacturing of an optical lenses demand a specialized technology and thus needs sophisticated precision manufacturing process. PMMA is one of the most used optical polymer for manufacturing of optical lenses, the shaping of which into the required precision and accuracy is a challenging task. The focus of the present paper is to understand the effect of machining parameters on the surface characteristics especially flatness obtained in single point diamond turning (SPDT). The experiments were conducted according to Taguchi L9 design. The machining parameters chosen are feed rate, spindle speed, depth of cut and cutting environment. Analysis of results reveals that the spindle speed is more influential on the surface flatness generated by the SPDT. All the flatness measurements were done by the non contact type of measurement. It is observed that the minimum PV value produced is 0.837 µm.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Analytical and Experimental Analysis of Axisymmetric Deep Drawing Process

    • Authors: Najmeddin Arab
      First page: 59
      Abstract: There are mainly two methods of deep drawing analysis; experimental and analytical/numerical. Experimental analysis can be useful in analyzing the process to determine the process parameters that produce a defect free product, and the analytical/numerical modeling can be used to model and analyze the process through all stages of deformation. This approach is less time consuming and more economical.  Sheet metal forming often includes biaxial in-plane deformation with non-proportional strain paths. In deep drawing of cylindrical cup, the deformation in the flange in dominated by pure shear deformation, while it changes to plane strain when the material is drawn into the die. This paper deals with the analysis of deep drawing of circular blanks into axi-symmetric cylindrical cup using numerical modeling. The blank drawability has been related both theoretically and experimentally with the initial diameter of the blank and deep drawing parameters. The strains in the radial and circumferential directions have been measured. A correlation on the flange thickness variation by taking into account the work hardening with the analytical and experimental values also has been searched
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Finite element investigation and optimization of tool wear in drilling
           process of difficult-to-cut nickel base superalloy using response surface
           methodology

    • Authors: Mojtaba Kolahdoozan, Farhad Azimifar, Saeed Rismani Yazdi
      First page: 67
      Abstract: In this research, our attempt is to monitor tool wear through the chip formations, forces, and temperature of edge of drill while drilling in superalloy plate to optimizes effective parameters, which lead to facilitate machining process to, improved tool life, and enhance the productivity. In this study, Inconel718 superalloy material, and cemented coated carbide tool was selected for investigation of tool wear mechanism. Mathematical models were deduced by software Minitab to express the influence of the main cutting variables such as cutting speed, feed rate and tool diameter on tool wear. A wear process model of twist drill is established based on finite element method. The 3D FEA model established here provides a new approach for studying the mechanism of drill wear. The predictive models in this study are believed to produce values of tool wear close to those readings recorded experimentally with a 95% confident interval, verified using ANOVA. The result from the simulation results are agreed with experimental value and predictive value from RSM, proving the ability of the tool wear model in correctly forecasting the tool wear.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Theoretical and Experimental Study on Vibration of Cracked Shafts Using
           Order Analysis

    • Authors: Mahdi Farahmandian, Morteza Homayon Sadeghi
      First page: 77
      Abstract: In this paper, the effects of transverse cracks on rotating shaft were studied. According to earlier works, crack shaft failure decrease the critical speed of the shaft and also exhibit a nonlinear vibration behaviour leading to increases the amplitude of 1X and 2X harmonics (first and second order of rotational speed in torsional vibration). This suggests that the application of order analysis to be very effective. Moreover, vibrations arising from resonance frequencies of the system can be differentiated from other ones, by using this method. For this purpose in this article, first, un cracked and cracked shaft were mathematically modelled and numerical analysis was carried out to obtain the vibration response for both healthy and faulty shaft. Then order analysis method was applied on the vibration signals obtained from the model. Finally, an experiment was also carried out on a laboratory scale test rig to verify effectiveness of the order analysis in practice. The results show that the vibration orders arising from torsional vibration can be clearly sensed by the transducers installed on the supports which primarily measure the bending vibrations.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Experimental Investigation of Turbulence Promoters effect on
           Characteristics of Wake related to Linear Compressor Cascade

    • Authors: amir khoshnevis, Vahid Barzanooni, Mohsen Vahidi
      First page: 89
      Abstract: In this paper, considering the importance of incoming flow turbulence intensity into combustion chamber, tripping wire effect on the flow wake has been experimentally investigated within a linear compressor cascade. To do this, two wires were implemented along each blade and their effects on average velocity, turbulence intensity and vortices frequencies at Reynolds number 45500 were accurately considered. To measure wake parameters, one–dimensional hot wire anemometer was used. It is found that turbulence promoters increased the maximum turbulence intensity in blades wake and also reduced corresponding frequency in maximum amplitude and the Strouhal number, consequently.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
  • Nonlinear bending analysis of thick functionally graded plates based on
           third-order shear deformation plate theory

    • Authors: Payman Naderpour, Aazam Ghassemi, Nosratollah Solhjoei
      First page: 99
      Abstract: In this paper the nonlinear bending analysis of thick functionally graded plates subjected to mechanical loading is studied. The formulation is derived based on the third-order shear deformation plate theory and Von Kármán type non-linearity. Young’s modulus is assumed to vary according to a power law distribution in terms of the volume fractions of the constituents. The principle of virtual work is used to obtain the weak form of the governing differential equations. The most important advantage of employed numerical solution in this work is that the whole plate is considered as one element and the components of displacement field are interpolated over the entire domain, then a hierarchical finite-element scheme is developed. The validity and the accuracy of the method are verified by comparisons made with other solutions. In addition; the effect of numbers of interpolation functions on the accuracy of results is studied. It is concluded that accurate results are obtained even by few numbers of interpolation functions.
      PubDate: 2014-08-09
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2014)
       
 
 
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