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Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2322-2956
     Published by Sjournals Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Monitoring the level of preparedness of organizational infrastructures for
           implementation of knowledge management (Case Study)

    • Authors: Azizeh Tagizadeh, Yousef Pashazadeh, Masoud Ghahremani
      Abstract: In this work, the level of preparedness of organizational infrastructures for implementation of knowledge management has been investigated. Statistical population of this research consists of 277 employees of Western Azerbaijan province electricity Distribution Company with educational degrees higher than BSc which is estimated to be as much as 162 people according to Morgan table. To analyze the data, inferential statistics methods such as Kolmogorov – Smirnov, single sample test and Friedman test are used. Results of this work showed that organizational infrastructures of case study have sufficient preparedness for implementation of knowledge management; that is, human resources infrastructure, ranked first with respect to level of preparedness and after that was structural infrastructure, then fiscal infrastructure and finally, cultural infrastructure.
      PubDate: 2014-09-22
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • The Study of Correlation between Organizational Commitment and Job
           Satisfaction of Nurses Working in Selected Hospitals of Isfahan University
           of Medical Sciences

    • Authors: Zohreh Nabizadeh, Foroozan AtashzadehShoorideh, Nahid Khazaei, Hamid Alavi-Majd
      Abstract: Introduction and Aim: Nowadays, organizations need capable and committed employees in order to promote their performance, productivity and effectiveness. Individual, occupational, organizational and meta-organizational factors influence the organizational commitment. This research aims to study the relation between organizational commitment and job satisfaction of nurses. Methodology: This research is a descriptive-correlation study in which almost 260 nurses of teaching hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences are investigated through the method of accidental classification. For gathering the data, the questionnaires of “Meyer and Allen’s organizational commitment” and “Herzberg’s job satisfaction” are used. The analysis of data is done by using descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson and Spearman’s correlation coefficient and Regression Test) and SPSS software (19th version). Findings: The rate of organizational commitment and job satisfaction of participants is at the middle level. Also the results of this study show that there is a positive and significant relationship between age, level of education, the record of clinical work and organizational commitment whereas there is not such a relationship between marital status and organizational commitment as well as between age, marital status, level of education, the record of clinical work and job satisfaction. However, the analysis of data shows that there is a mutual and positive relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Conclusion: Regarding the importance of organizational commitment in promoting the quality of nursing services and increasing the consent of patients, the nurses can feel more committed if they have more job satisfaction.  
      PubDate: 2014-09-04
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Evaluation of the implementation of regional strategic programs at Islamic
           Azad University of Units 17 (From the perspective of planners and

    • Authors: F. Samadani, H.R. Alipour, K. Shahroudi
      Abstract: Universities as well as other environmental organizations are faced with the sources, effects and expectations are constantly changing. Hence, not many will face a crash course yen. In such a situation with the correct understanding of the environment and its developments in the understanding of the precise assessment and internal abilities, can learn things in advance and to be able to identify the obstacles and when this crisis and the uncertainty of the personnel officers, to create special creative solutions to overcome these barriers and encourage by providing the appropriate field in the strategic thinking of managers and employees, causes of The adoption of a comprehensive and continuous decisions and ultimately insight in areas under the control of the Organization and improving the functionality. In this regard, the present study aimed to investigate the feasibility of implementing the strategic plans of the university district 17, with 5 main hypothesis, from the perspective of planners and personnel are accomplished. The results showed that four of the five hypotheses hypothesis of difference of opinion has been approved by planners and personnel.
      PubDate: 2014-09-04
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Creativity and effective factors on hospital nurses Creativity

    • Authors: Melika Ahbabi Tabarestani1, Foroozan AtashzadehShoorideh, Mohammad Ali Jahani, Nasrin Nasrin Poor Mahmoud, Hamid Hamid Alavi Majd
      Abstract: Creativity in people is one of the most important issue to provide better solutions to problems, create opportunities and better use of them, increase cooperation and responses to changing environments and the various factors effect on it. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the creativity and the factors influencing on nurses at Shafizadeh Children's Hospital at 2012.This study is an applied investigation that has been prepared as descriptive - correlation. Sampling method is as full number, including 114 registered nurses at Shafizadeh Children's Hospital in Babol, finally 102 questionnaires were returned and data was collected by "demographics" and "creativity pediatric nurses' research. Questionnaire validity was in content and appearance validity method. The reliability was performed as internal consistency and stability method. After entering data to SPSS, it was analyzed by the related tests. The creativity of nurses is 64 percent, the highest creativity (73.5%) is relevant to solve problems in collaboration with others (fluency) and the highest medium creative (82.4%) is relevant to prepare a list of ways to communicate (Initiative). The highest rate of low creativity (61.8%) is for ease of report writing in nursing (expansion). The highest creativity is related to fluency (70 %) and the lowest is in areas of expansion and innovation (50 %). Factors such as marital status and number of children in care are basic steps to keep the nurses creativity that with promotion of creative innovations, appropriate factors should be applied.
      PubDate: 2014-09-04
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Correlation between Nursing Managers’ Delegation and Nurses’
           Organizational Commitment from the Viewpoint of Nurses Working in Teaching
           Hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (Year 2012)

    • Authors: Foroozan Atashzadeh Shoorideh, Zohreh Nabizadeh, Nahid Khazaei, Hamid Alavi-Majd
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between nurse managers’ delegation and nurses’ organizational commitment in the view of nurses. Nowadays improvement of the performance, efficiency, and effectiveness of organizations require capable and committed employees. In Iran, there is not any survey of the correlation between delegation and organizational commitment. This study is a descriptive – correlation study. Statistical data in this research includes nurses (2120 members) of teaching hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences out of which 260 nurses were selected randomly. Data collection tools in this research are two questionnaires:  the first one is "Delegation by Managers" designed by researchers, and the other one is “Allen and Meyer’s organizational commitment". The data has been analyzed by statistical software named SPSS version 19. The findings of the study show that the nurses’ perspective (view) about delegation is 52.7%. In other words, it is in average level and organizational commitment is 53.5%. This study demonstrates the positive correlation between two variables. Increase in delegation principle raises organizational commitment (r=0.29, p>0.01). Given the importance of delegation, it seems that managers need instruction in this field.
      PubDate: 2014-09-04
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Priorities of industrial development of West Azerbaijan techniques using
           Fuzzy Topsis

    • Authors: Ahad Lotfi
      Abstract: Today, one of the main indicators for measuring national development, development of different sectors of the economic aspects of national, regional and international levels. So the decision was made to conduct this research in order to identify the capabilities and functions of manufacturing and commercial industries, The way to select the right investment and industrial development in Western Azerbaijan province paved. In this study population, different parts of West Azerbaijan industry is, In the fourth period of the years 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 has been considered and evaluated. To set goals and priorities of industrial development of the industry, the industrial and economic experts (Delphi method) was used. This study aims at identifying the industrial development and industrial sectors of the technique (Fuzzy Topsis) West Azerbaijan industrial development priorities are identified and ranked. According to the study, the group of food industry, medicine and health, with the largest weight (0.6960), the paper products industry (0.6101), Department of Textile Industries (0.5978), West Azerbaijan development priorities are, The priority objectives of the industry including increasing income, increasing employment and establishment of new industries, which are the first and third priorities. Overall, the results suggest that it is The West Azerbaijan Province of good potential for its proper role within the regional planning And national industrial development in order to achieve the objectives of Vision is a country.
      PubDate: 2014-09-04
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Survey evidence fights in criminal matters in accordance with the Islamic
           Penal Code Act 2013

    • Authors: Saeid Darougari, Mehdi Hariri, Mohammad Soleimani
      Abstract: Sets lawsuit is evidence to prove the claim in the courts, used and Article 166 of the Constitution, emphasizes this is a criminal trial evidence, as one of the most important issues of criminal justice, there has been a dramatic transformation. Throughout history, testimony and confession, the crime proved a major role, and often inevitable, especially in the period legal reasons played. Basically, though, some common evidence in criminal and civil, but there is evidence of criminal, has unique characteristics that distinguish it from civil evidence. Provided out evidence in criminal proceedings, should be in terms of its relation to crime and punishment, and dealing with the rights and freedoms of the individual and society, the legislator should be. The lack of exposition, in the form of rules Iran, particularly in the Procedures Public and Revolutionary Courts in criminal matters in the plant ambiguity remains is perhaps for this reason that legislators and place less importance because, in criminal matters have noticed. While the fundamentals of a subject makes legislators, compared to those rules, it wrote. In this paper an attempt has been subject to criminal evidence, the definition and its history, discussed and reviewed. In this paper analyzes the status and importance of criminal evidence, the Iranian legal system explains.
      PubDate: 2014-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Sociological study of affecting factors on young offender's deviant
           behavior Aged 15 to 24 years old (Case study of young offenders in prison
           in Shiraz)

    • Authors: Mohammad Jamalzadeh, Hemmat Ali Heydari
      Abstract: this study is implemented to evaluate affecting factors on the deviant behavior of young offenders aged 15 to 24 years old. The  statically population of this study, is all 15 to 24 years old offenders on the city's jails that randomly out of 254 cases that, by using Cochran formula and Lin table is calculated  , were interviewed using a questionnaire. In this study, Social discrimination is one of the main factors on the deviant behavior of youth from the perspective of the studied subjects that is done by the community and family. Different grumes of family have the most important effects on the youth deviant behavior that in this study, this variables relationship with the deviant behavior of young people is significant. Based on the obtained results in this study, Media, radio, television, cinema and the press have little effect on young people deviant behaviors learning, but the role of the media, internet and satellite is very effective at the deviant behavior of young people. Also the relationship between variables of 'failure to achieve the goals ","lack of social status"," family properties “and "media" with the deviant behavior of young people is significant.
      PubDate: 2014-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Administrative corruption from sociology perspective and the relationship
           between administrative corruption and social security

    • Authors: Mohsen Zarei Jlyany, Gholam Reza Sharafi, Mustafa Tavani, Mansour Haghighatian, Moslem Tavani
      Abstract: certain principles Observance and non- Observance on organizing a social system will have Indisputable effect at the Organization. And administrative systems are not exempt from this, also the selection of the Administration components and also How to Place the components together can affect its performance. Meanwhile, the government's role in the prevalence or no-prevalence, the extent type and the way of administrative corruption influence, in this article, researchers wants to explore the reasonable cause of this procedure prevalence. So Thought owners by thinking more in this context, compensate Analysis deficiencies. Also following topics are included in this article, first of all. A) Administrative corruption and social security definitions B) Impact of administrative corruption on Social Security In terms of rational - traditional
      C) the most important point of  Sociological Analysis And sociological theories relation with administrative corruption And relate these theories to deviations And its role in administrative corruption cases have been investigated.
      PubDate: 2014-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • The Fundamental Problem of Gibbs Sampler in Mixture Models

    • Authors: Gholamhossein Gholami, Hamideh Rasi, Ali Etemadi
      Abstract: The mixture models were rstly studied by Pearson in 1894. These models are strong tools,through which the complicated systems can be analyzed in a wide range of disciplines such as As-tronomy, Economics, Mechanics, etc. although the structure of these models is apparently simple,it is very complicated to obtain maximum likelihood estimators and Bayesian ones in particular andit needs to be approximated in most cases. In this paper, we apply the Gibbs Sampling in order toapproximate the Bayesian Estimator in Mixture models, present the Gibbs algorithms for the familyof exponential distributions and nally, we would show the disadvantage of this algorithm throughan example.
      PubDate: 2014-08-20
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Modeling for the Number of Moderate Earthquakes in Iran Using Hidden
           Markov Model

    • Authors: Fazlollah Lak
      Abstract: Iran plateau is located on an active seismic belt (Alps-Himalayan
      Belt). For this reason, a significant number of earthquakes with M > 5
      occur here in every year.Hidden Markov model, which allows the probability distribution of each observation to depend on the unobserved (or hidden) state of Markov chain,
      can accommodate both over dispersion and serial dependence. In this paper, Hidden
      Markov model is used for modeling the number of earthquakes with M> 5 occurred in Iran since 1900.
      Also, this
      model is used to predict the number of earthquakes at the future

      PubDate: 2014-08-20
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Removal of Copper from Aqueous Samples using modified sawdust

    • Authors: Shahla Elhami, Behzad Moghadasian
      Abstract: The adsorption capacity regarding copper is low on sawdust which is a low cost adsorbent so in this research, modified sawdust with diethylentriamine was used as efficient adsorbent for removal of copper from water samples. The effects of several parameters such as pH value of the copper solution, adsorbent dose, adsorption time and the initial copper concentration on the adsorption were investigated. DETA-sawdust had a high uptake capacity in room temperature and could remove Cu (II) of about 90 % with 3 g/L of adsorbent in 60 min for 50 mg /L of copper solution. The method was applied to the removal of copper in tap water and river water samples from different parts of Khouzestan, Iran.
      PubDate: 2014-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Reviewing the growth and Decadence of communities according to Quran and

    • Authors: Mohsen Zarei Jlyany, Mansour Haghighatian, Gholam Reza Sharafi, Moslem Tavani
      Abstract: What as the main objective was followed in this article was the reasons of growth and Decadence   of communities, looking to the issue was based on this issue that, Islam which is Comprehensive and complete religion has special attention and consideration to all aspects of human life. And Placed in front of him a Smooth and clear direction To achieve happiness and perfection And reach the pure existence, As a rule for the growth and Decadence of communities  has Posed specific causes Because one of the  basic principles of Islam is believing  to the wisdom of god. And that God does not do anything vain and useless and the occurrence of any event cannot be without reason. If the growth and decline takes place should have some reasons and the Wise God also has mentioned them in the Qur'an Therefore, we decide to review these reasons.
      PubDate: 2014-08-08
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Discourse analysis of sex stories in a pornographic site in Iran

    • Authors: Amin Nasiri, Elham Rostami, Mohammad Bagher Safwat, Mojtaba Bakhshandeh
      Abstract: Internet pornography As A controversial issue and important problem on Different communities particularly on the value-based community and Muslim countries were introduced.   And behavioral science experts with extensive research in this field are looking for emotional - social and psychological impact of this phenomenon and demand to impose legal restrictions on providing pornography product and context. Among these The Erotic stories due to making the condition of same-essence identifying and choice of sexual partners in the reader's mind, by its own discretion create Ability to create deviation and incidence of anomaly among individuals that with its reviewing a scientific understanding of the dominant discourse can be found in it. To conduct this research, critical discourse analysis is used. Discourse analysis is a qualitative method that aims to fill the gap between micro and macro analysis of social phenomena. Hence analysis and critical readout of 75 stories with sexual content as a random sample from a pornographic website has been explained in two levels. Based on Findings of this study what can be seen in the discussion on this story is a purposeful narrative, professional expertise that Start From an obscene and provocative space and addict readers to itself. In these stories,   Master narrative do not impinge of the Design Principles of sites operator for stories feature and all are looking to convert human subjects to non-human objects that are Discharged from any human feelings And  have no purpose other than sex. What on This relationship can be seen are the narrators and their sexual partner’s unusual sexual immorality and the visualization of people who like professional porn movies stars act.
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • The Toxicity Effect of Vanadium on Artemia franciscanna and Artemia

    • Authors: Mehrnaz Baniamam, Nima Pourang
      Abstract: The presened research was carried out in order to study how the toxicity of such heavy metals as vanadium affects on the remains of nauplius and the growth and life cycle of Artemia urmiana and Artemia franciscanna. The  in 24 h of A. urmiana and A. franciscana exposed to vanadium were 0.0107 ,0.011 mg/l respectively. In growth experiments, the length of animals was considered as growth index. Results indicates that the mean length of animals in (0.001, 0.002 and 0.003 mg/l) V on first, 5th, 7th and 11th days of life significantly decreases in comparison with control groups (p<0.05).Bioaccumulation of V in the same concentration, after 24 h in nauplius and also in adults of A. urmiana and A. fransicana were statistically significantly higher than of the control groups (P < 0.05). Both species accumulate vanadium in their bodies. However A. urmiana is more resistant to the heavy metals. Results show, vanadium is high toxic on Artemia.
      PubDate: 2014-08-04
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • ‎ON functors D_d (-) and D_d (M,-)

    • Authors: M‎. ‎S‎ Sayedsadeghi, M.H Bijan-Zadeh, Kh. Ahmadi-Amoli
      Abstract: Let be a Noetherian ring and  be a non-negative integer‎. ‎Let  be an -module‎. ‎We define the - transform functors    and  on the category of -modules‎. ‎We show that‎, ‎if  is an injective - module‎, ‎then  is injective - module‎. ‎Also, a criterion under which the isomorphism  holds will be investigated‎. Finally‎, ‎we investigate ‎, ‎where  and  are -modules‎.
      PubDate: 2014-07-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Offering solutions of sustainable urban tourism by the use of SWOT model,
           case study Isfahan city

    • Authors: Monireh Roustazadeh Sheikh Yousefi, Hooman Mesgarian, Aliakbar Jahangiri
      Abstract: Tourism phenomenon has been spread world wildtoday. It's because of technological innovation development and overallcapitalism expansion in current age. Tourism in this situation has caused humanbeing relocation and mobility and in worldwide level, has created concept ofrelationship with other cultures in different locations, as socio-geographicalphenomenon. In this case cities includes important scientific, recreational,sport, shrine, historical, culture, medical, centers, etc., in addition to thiscases, also utilities natural attraction, etc., can play vole as touristic cityin the center of the country. in this research discursive- analysis method hasbeen used for collecting data and proceed to identify tourism potentials ,abilities, limitations and inadequacy of Isfahan by documental and librarydeliberations and field studies, SWOT model has been used for analyzing data.Then, offering solutions for sustainable urban development and eventuallymovement toward tourism development have been emphasized on.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Measuring the trend of people to participate in restoration of worn-out

    • Authors: Amir Asadi, Hossein Azizi, Ghazale Rabani Abolfazli, Amir Pour Rajayi
      Abstract: Wearing out the urban texture, specially, when itcomes to be an obvious characteristic of a district as a living cell ofmunicipal life and a part of city system, its effects go beyond the andencompasses the whole city system. Developing the collaborative work andcreating the collective energy resulting from participation of owners andresidents of worn out cities is a fundamental strategy which should be regardedby the officials and municipals. In this research, in order to measure thetrend of people to participate in restoration of worn out textures of Shadkhanehdistrict in Neyriz, questioners were used as a tool of data collection. Thesample includes residents of Shadkhaneh district. With regard to Morgan Table,360 samples were selected but to reach better results, 400 questionnaires werecompleted. GIS and SPSS software were used for data analysis. The results ofthis study showed that people participate less and different factors involve inthis issue. Finally, correlation test was done between the variables whichsuggested that there is significant correlation between the location dependenceand public participation, social connection and public participation and alsoawareness and social participation.
      PubDate: 2014-07-24
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • The Bioenvironmental modeling of Bahar city based on Climate-consistent

    • Authors: Parna Kazemian
      Abstract: The identification of the climate of a particularplace and the analysis of the climatic needs in terms of human comfort and theuse of construction materials is one of the prerequisites of aclimate-consistent design. In studies on climate and weather, usingillustrative reports, first a picture of the state of climate is offered. Then,based on the obtained results, the range of changes is determined, and thecause-effect relationships at different scales are identified. Finally, by ageneral examination of the obtained information, on the one hand, the range ofchanges is identified, and, on the other hand, their practical uses in thefuture are selected. In the present paper, the bioclimatic conditions of Baharcity, according to the 29-year-long statistics of the synoptic station between1976 and 2005 was examined, using Olgyay and Mahoney indexes. It should beadded that, because of the short distance between Bahar and Hamedan, they havea single synoptic station. The results indicate that Bahar city has dominantlycold weather during most of the months. Therefore, based on the implications ofeach method, the principles of the suggestive architectural designing can beintegrated and improved in order to achieve sustainable development.
      PubDate: 2014-07-24
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • A comparative study on housing renovation policies in earthquake-prone

    • Authors: Shiva Heidarzadeh, Hooman Mesgarian, Maryam Fadaii Ghotbi
      Abstract: Givensubstantial contribution of housing  inhuman life and geographical position of Iran in Alpine-Himalayancollision belt, it seems urgent to deal with that in case of absence ofreasonable and correct management approaches for post-earthquake housingrenovation, wide varieties of socioeconomic issues and catastrophes will emerged. hence, in respect tosome drawbacks  while houses renovatingin earthquake-stricken areas of Iran, the present research aims at comparative analysis of housingrenovation policies of some earthquake-prone countries in order to promoterenovation policies in Iran. To satisfy this end, a comparative study was conductedon housing renovation policies among Iran, china, Japan, India and Indonesiausing descriptive-analytical approach. The results showed Iran's weakness in someareas such as zoning hazard-prone area while renovation, compliance to seismicstrength criteria, and superiority in programs such as materials availabilityand government investment on affairs in which people are not involved. Eventuallyto compensate such shortcomings, some guidelines for promote renovation plan inIran are suggested.
      PubDate: 2014-07-24
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
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