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Journal Cover American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
  [29 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2328-398X - ISSN (Online) 2328-3998
   Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [72 journals]
  • Phase Optimization Procedure for Two-Way Synchronization of Fixed Traffic
           Signals on an Urban Passageway in Washington City (USA)

    • Authors: Ardavan Shojaeyan; Ali Kargar, Mahmoud Reza Keymanesh
      Pages: 71 - 84
      Abstract: Traffic Congestion on major corridor consequent upon existing lacuna in signal control strategy is a major problem in Washington City. To change this trend this research is carried out to design the efficient phase optimization technique using developed phase plan. C G Road was identified as a troubled corridor during reconnaissance survey and as such, selected for study. Three intersection of the road having length of 805 m harvests maximum straight movers forward direction 2nd cycle delay of 110.5 sec while backward direction 2nd cycle right turner delay of 59.87 sec due to absence of signal coordination. To contend the situation applying phase optimization three phase plan A, A1 & A2 has been prepared and presented through time space diagram to solve two way coordination problem. Data on geometric features were collected by Field survey using Odometer as well as with Google Earth Software. Peak and off peak hour traffic volume data were collected using ultra high resolution full HD camera. Furthermore signal cycle timing, space mean speed, discharge head way were simultaneously collected by trained enumerator¡¯s at all three intersections. Data extraction was carried out on projector screen using updated VLC media player. The geometric and traffic data collected were analyzed with Microsoft Excel. Constructed by developed method three different Phase Optimization Technique (POT) is tested on real traffic signal data of corridor in forward and backward direction using Time Space Diagram. With change of phase plan and phase sequence POT 1 is successful in minimizing combined delay of corridor up to 28.05% to 76.04 % for all 4 forward movements for analyzed two cycles. Further improvement in POT 2 is achieved by introducing 10 second offset at intersection B which reduces combined delay up to 32.52% to 98.6% in all 4 forward movements. Tracking average travel time, demand supply and prevailing signal cycle time POT 3 is applied with equal signal cycle length of 104 second at all 3 intersections. This method is capable to reduce right turner delay up to 21.91% to 49.57% while it produces unhindered movement with no delay for straight through traffic along corridor in both forward and backward direction.
      PubDate: 2017-5-17
      DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-5-3-1
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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