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Journal Cover   Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
  [19 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2050-8824
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [311 journals]
  • Winterbourne View – Time is running out
    • Authors: Colin Dale
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2015.

      Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
      PubDate: 2015-08-01T12:41:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-07-2015-0015
  • “I’d trust them if they understood learning
           disabilities” Support needs of people with learning disabilities in
           the criminal justice system
    • Authors: Ruth Howard, Emma Phipps, Jane Clarbour, Kelly Rayner
      First page: 4
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2015.
      Purpose People with learning disabilities (LD) often lack necessary support in navigating and coping within the criminal justice system (CJS). This research aims to explore their experiences, from their own perspective, and identify the supports which need to be implemented. Design/methodology/approach Focus groups were held with nine participants in a forensic LD service, discussing their experiences and support needs within the criminal justice system. Template analysis was undertaken on the transcripts. Findings Four themes were identified: Negative Feelings, Professional Attitudes, Suitability of the Criminal Justice System, and Supports Needed. Research limitations/implications This research demonstrates the valuable opinions to be obtained from offenders with LD on their experiences and needs. Implications for the CJS include a need for further awareness, training and expertise to work effectively with people with LD. Participant perspectives also highlight the importance of consistent liaison and diversion schemes, and indicate that CJS services may have something to learn from healthcare settings. Originality/value Previous knowledge of offenders with LD overlooked the perspective of the service-user. This research has given this group a voice, and has benefited from their insight. This is timely piece of research in terms of the current landscape of the CJS, and so these findings may be of practical value to the implementation of the liaison and diversion schemes, and related progress.
      Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
      PubDate: 2015-08-01T12:41:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-05-2015-0011
  • Learning disability nursing in the criminal justice system: Achieving
           justice for all
    • Authors: Karina Louise Hepworth, Helen Williams
      First page: 15
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2015.
      Purpose The learning disability nursing role in the multi professional Youth offending Team (YOT) enables the recognition,acknowledgement and understanding of the needs of people entering the Criminal Justice System (CJS) and provides a platform to ensure appropriate identification,assessment,planning and delivery of care ensuring successful completion of the Order and subsequent recidivism and reduction in offending.This paper aims to share our experience of working wiwth young people who have committed a crime and are found to have unmet or undiagnosed additional needs. Design/methodology/approach This paper seeks to consider how learning disability nursing skills compliment the range or expertise in the YOT and discusses the case of a young woman and her experience of the CJS from pre sentence to Completion of the Order. Findings Working together enables effective care delivery to ensure the needs of the person are recognised,understood and acted upon and achieves a balance between meeting the welfare needs for the person and justice and understanding for the victim. Originality/value This paper's value is to demonstrate that recognition of need enables the right intervention and through working together a successful outcome for the young person,justice for the victim and skill development for staff working with young people with additional needs can be achieved.
      Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
      PubDate: 2015-08-01T12:41:44Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-05-2015-0010
  • Increasing knowledge of personality disorders in detained women with an
           intellectual disability.
    • Authors: Deborah Jayne Morris, Nathalie Gray
      First page: 23
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2015.
      Purpose The ‘Living with a Personality Disorder’ group (Morris, 2011a) is a psycho-education intervention for women with an Intellectual Disability (ID) and a Personality Disorder (PD). The intervention is based on psycho-education, biosocial theory (Linehan, 1993) and compassionate mind approaches (Gilbert, 2009). It aims to increase knowledge of personality, personality disorders, to increase awareness of the ‘non-disordered’ parts of self and to increase knowledge of psychological treatments for personality disorders. This paper describes the evaluation of this intervention. Design/methodology/approach The intervention was delivered to women detained in a specialist women’s learning disability forensic service over 12 group and two individual sessions. The Knowledge of Personality Disorders Questionnaire (D’Silva & Duggan, 2002), the Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003), the URICA (McConnaughy, Prochaska & Velicer, 1983) and a series of likert scale questions and statements were used to assess the utility of the intervention. The intervention was piloted between 2012 and 2014 in a series of small groups. The lead facilitator for each intervention was a registered psychologist with training in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy. Findings Completing the intervention resulted in an increase in knowledge of personality disorders, treatments, increased self-compassion and therapeutic optimism and awareness of the limitations of a PD diagnosis. Research limitations/implications Originality/value A new intervention that may increase knowledge of Personality Disorders, of personal strengths and increase optimism about change that may be a useful component to the treatment for service users with Personality Disorders and an ID.
      Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
      PubDate: 2015-08-01T12:41:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-04-2015-0005
  • Screening for learning disabilities in the criminal justice system: A
    • Authors: Daniel Silva, Karen Gough, Hannah Weeks
      First page: 33
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2015.
      Purpose At present, there are significant limitations to the Criminal Justice System’s (CJS) ability to respond appropriately to detainees or defendant with learning disabilities (LD). The development of Liaison and Diversion Services has provided the opportunity to more easily identify people with LD in the CJS through the use of screening assessments. Therefore, the current paper aims to consider why there is a need for screening assessments and review the literature on existing measures, in order to consider the next steps to develop a more effective pathway from the CJS to LD services. Design/methodology/approach Literature Review Findings The review found that there is a significant body of research defending the need for LD screening in the CJS across the UK. The aim of a screening process would be to identify individuals who possibly have LD and ensure that the correct measures are in place to assess and manage these individuals, including appropriate diversion to specialist LD services. The Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ) is an instrument that could be utilised in these instances and could be carried out by Liaison and Diversion Services. Research limitations/implications Neither of the tools reviewed in this paper have been vigorously field tested within forensic settings in the UK. It is recommended that there should be trials of the LDSQ as a screening tool within Liaison and Diversion Services with comparison against outcomes of full diagnostic assessments for learning disabilities. Originality/value Screening for LD is being discussed across the UK as part of Liaison and Diversion Services. This paper highlights the need for a reliable and valid screening tool and provides support for the use of the LDSQ.
      Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
      PubDate: 2015-08-01T12:41:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-03-2015-0003
  • Job stress, burnout and job satisfaction in staff working with people with
           intellectual disabilities: community and criminal justice care
    • First page: 44
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2015.
      Purpose The purpose was to examine and compare levels of burnout, traumatic stress and resilience amongst Norwegian nursing care staff in two intellectual disability services. Design/methodology/approach This was a cross sectional survey in which 137 staff completed questionnaires measuring work related stress, burnout, compassion and resilience. Two groups were compared; staff in the national forensic intellectual disability services and staff in the community intellectual disability caring services. Findings Nursing staff in the community intellectual disability caring services had significantly more signs of stress and burnout compared to the other group. At the same time they were more compassionate. Originality/value The different caring cultures examined in this study indicated that the forensic intellectual disability staff tended to focus on the physical aspects of the caring role whilst the community intellectual disability staff tended to focus on the relational issues. The impact of serious events resulted in a higher level of stress and burnout symptoms, however the community carers showed more compassion to their work.
      Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
      PubDate: 2015-08-01T12:41:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-04-2015-0007
  • Getting to grips with the new Code of Practice
    • Authors: Colin Dale
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2014.

      Citation: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Mar 2015 14:36:11 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-02-2015-0002
  • Real Work Opportunities: Establishing an Accessible Vocational
           Rehabilitation Programme within a Forensic Intellectual Disability Service
    • Authors: Alyssa Cox et al
      First page: 160
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2014.
      Purpose Patients treated within secure / forensic settings experience numerous barriers to meaningful vocation, including section restrictions, which limit community access. This paper describes the development of Real Work Opportunities, an inclusive and accessible vocational rehabilitation programme within a forensic intellectual disability service. The programme involved setting up employment and interview workshops, interviews, and interview feedback, and job roles within the secure service, to simulate the real work process. Design/methodology/approach A reflective account of the development and implementation of the Real Work Opportunity programme with a forensic intellectual disability population. Findings The programme was well received by the patients involved and a high attendance rate was maintained over time despite the demands that were expected. Roles have been advertised for two employment periods and have had two sets of successful candidates. Patients demonstrated skills development throughout the employment process, including general work based skills, punctuality and time management, managing duties, responsibility, specific role-related skills, interpersonal skills and personal presentation. Research limitations/implications Despite limited experience of work prior to admission, many patients were enthusiastic and motivated to work. The initial trial of the programme has been well received by both patients and staff. Future developments will include widening the number and types of opportunity offered by the programme. Originality/value This paper describes a vocational rehabilitation programme for a particularly marginalised population, people with intellectual disabilities within a forensic service. The programme proved highly popular with patients, and enabled them to develop transferable employment skills.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 00:24:45 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-10-2014-0016
  • Forensic Learning Disability Nursing- What's it really like'
    • Authors: Mark Frederick Dalgarno et al
      First page: 167
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2014.
      Purpose This research was conducted to explore the lived experiences of learning disability nurses working within forensic services, and their views on their practice as a speciality. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative, semi-structured interview based design was used and participant's voices were examined through interpretive phenomenological analysis Findings Nurses explored a range of topics related to their practice and overall, five superordinate themes were developed. Forensic nursing as being both the same and different to generic nursing, the journey, and the emotional challenge of forensic nursing, the balancing act of everyday practice and the role of language within forensic nursing practice. Originality/value Very little research has examined the views of learning disability nurses within the forensic field. This study gives both a voice to these nurses and suggests areas of interest both for research and for clinicians to consider in their practice.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 00:24:34 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-11-2014-0017
  • Transformers: A Programme for People with an Intellectual Disability and
           Emotion Regulation Difficulties
    • Authors: Jenna McWilliams et al
      First page: 178
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2014.
      Purpose The Transformers programme is a community-based intervention for people with an intellectual disability who have emotion regulation difficulties, which can manifest as aggressive and challenging behaviour. The programme was adapted from the Stepping Stones programme (Oxnam & Gardner, 2011)—an emotion regulation programme for offenders with an ID who live in an inpatient setting. This paper describes the development of the Transformers programme that has been implemented at an intellectual disability service, which provides secure and supervised care to people who have been convicted of an imprisonable offence or have high and complex behaviour needs. Design/methodology/approach The Transformers programme is delivered in weekly sessions over a 6-month period in a group format. The focus is on helping group members to develop skills in recognising and understanding negative emotions and learning skills to cope effectively with such emotions. Treatment covers a variety of modules including relaxation, goal setting, chain analysis, emotion recognition, and emotion regulation. Specific strategies used include role-plays, DVDs, and quizzes. Findings This paper presents the rationale, developmental history, and description of a specific approach to the treatment of emotion regulation difficulties. Originality/value The paper aims to inform health professionals working in the field of intellectual disability
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 00:24:39 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-06-2014-0009
  • Importance of Locus of Control in Offenders with Intellectual Disability
    • Authors: Matthew Derek Raymond et al
      First page: 189
      Abstract: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2014.
      Purpose Locus of control (LOC) is the manner in which one attributes their ability to make change in life. This could be through others, fate or chance (externalised), or through oneself (internalised). An internalised LOC results in greater self-belief in the ability to change one's behaviour. Non-disabled offenders with an internalised LOC are more likely to benefit from treatment through therapy and in turn have reduced rates of re-offending. The relationship between LOC and response to treatment is only understood in a limited way for offenders with intellectual disability (ID) who participate in treatment programs. Design/methodology/approach To better understand LOC for offenders with ID, this paper investigates its role in community based therapy outcomes along with its use as a common pre/post measure of treatment success in mainstream offender populations. Drawing upon these findings information more specific to people with ID will be discussed. Findings This paper will then explore the importance of LOC in treating offenders with ID through a review of the current published literature, which generally indicates offenders with ID demonstrate a tendency towards an external LOC in comparison with non-disabled or non-offender groups. Originality/value Given the negative implications for treatment that external LOC may play, several significant therapeutic strategies that can contribute to development of internalised LOC are discussed, in addition to a consideration of other possible variables separate from ID that may play a role in both developing or perpetuating an external LOC.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 00:24:53 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/JIDOB-10-2014-0013
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