Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2229-7545 - ISSN (Online) 2249-5398
Published by ScopeMed [99 journals]
- Variation in Course and Branching Pattern of Brachial Artery
Abstract: Publication year: 2012
Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
Vandana R, N.m Suresh, Lakshmi Prabha R, Veena Pai.
BACKGROUND: The brachial artery is the main artery that supplies the superior extremity. It begins as the continuation of third part of axillary artery at the distal border of teres major muscle and terminates in the cubital fossa at the level of neck of radius into ulnar and radial arteries. The variation in course and branching pattern have been observed and studied by many authors. The knowledge of the variation in course and branching patterns of arteries of upper limb is important for clinicians. AIM : With this background present study was undertaken to know the variation in course and branching pattern of brachial artery. METHOD : The present study was conducted on 60 upper limb specimens belonging to the Department of Anatomy of Sree Siddhartha Medical College and hospital, Tumkur by dissection method. RESULTS : 20 out of 60 specimens showed 8 varieties of variation. The most common variation being high origin of radial artery, other variations observed were high division of brachial artery, trifurcation, high origin of radial artery and superficial brachial artery. CONCLUSION : The brachial artery shows 8 types variation in the present study such as trifurcation of brachial artery, high brachial artery & high origin of radial arteries. The variation can be explained in the light of embryological development. In addition, knowledge of such variation is important for carrying out surgical procedure in upper extremity.
PubDate: Sun, 30 Dec 2012 03:25:51 GMT