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Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal    [4 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2229-7545 - ISSN (Online) 2249-5398
     Published by ScopeMed Homepage  [75 journals]
  • Block Cervical Vertebra- a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Gyata Mehta, Varsha Mokhasi, Swapnali Shamkuwar.


      PubDate: Wed, 05 Feb 2014 10:41:05 GMT
       
  • Third head of Biceps Brachii associated with Variations in Vascular
           Pattern of Upper Limb
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Veena Kulkarni, Sunkeswari Sreepadma, S K Deshpande.


      PubDate: Wed, 05 Feb 2014 10:35:58 GMT
       
  • Variations in Origin of Renal Arteries in Both kidneys and relation of
           Hilar Structures in Left Kidney - A Cadaveric case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Dhanalaxmi D N, Rejkha B S, Usha V, J Y Kadam.


      PubDate: Wed, 05 Feb 2014 10:30:15 GMT
       
  • Morphometric studies of the foruth ventricle of patients aged 45 years and
           above in Sokoto, Northwestern, Nigeria
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Musa M A, M Danfulani.


      PubDate: Mon, 03 Feb 2014 18:25:19 GMT
       
  • Sirenomelia
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Suresh N M, Vinay Kumar K, Suresh B S, Asha KR, Lakshmi Prabha Subash.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 18:34:23 GMT
       
  • Foramen Morgagni Hernia in a Adult Cadaver - Embryological basis
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Savitha Budi, Shailaja C Math, Gaurishankar Gang, AV Angadi.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 18:20:26 GMT
       
  • Familial XY Syndrome - a case report with Management og Different types of
           Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Padmasri R, Priyadarshini B, Rupa S Iyengar, Urvashi Bhatara, Jnaneshwari T L, Hema V.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 18:11:08 GMT
       
  • Study of Accessory Left gatric Artery and Left Hepatic Artery and its
           Clinical Significance
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Kavitha kamath B, Usha V.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 17:50:04 GMT
       
  • Study of External Arterial Variations in Human Kidneys and its
           Significance in Renal Surgery
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      G C Poornima, S Saritha.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 17:39:15 GMT
       
  • Objective Structured Practical Examination in Anatomy- a comparative study
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Shobha, Shailaja C M, A V Angadi, Vijayakumar B J.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 17:32:48 GMT
       
  • Study of Placental Diameter and Surface area in Normal and hypertensive
           Pregnancies
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Raghavendra A Y, Veena Pai, Ramesh S T, Vinay Kumar K.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 17:28:24 GMT
       
  • Existence of "Keshaw concept of similarity in Concentric Elastic Rings
           Density with an Interrelationship Between Pulse Pressure and Number of
           Concentric Rings of Great Arterial Trunks"
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Keshaw Kumar.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 17:21:29 GMT
       
  • Histological and Histochemical study of Human Foetal Submandibular Gland
           in second Trimester and Third Trimester
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Basavaraj B Dhabale, Gaurishankar M Ganga, A V Angadi, Rajkumar K R.
      BAa

      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 17:09:58 GMT
       
  • Psoas Minor Muscle -a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Manjunath C S, Sunitha R, Naveen Kumar B D.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 17:04:31 GMT
       
  • Comparative Morphological Study of Cochlea by luminal cast plastination
           Technique
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Asharani S K, N M Shamasundar, G Saraswathi, C M Nanjaiah.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 16:56:00 GMT
       
  • Study of Congenital Anomalies of Lower limbs in two district of Karnataka
           and Banka District of Nepal
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Arun Kumar Billodi, Sabita Singh, M R Gangadhar.


      PubDate: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 16:48:41 GMT
       
  • The Study of Anthropometric Measurements of Newborn Babies in Relation to
           Maternal Illness
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Anupama M.P, Dakshayani K.R.
      Anthropometric measurements of newborn infants determines the overall foetal development and indicate the influence of various factors affecting it. One such important factor is the maternal health which has a profound influence on the intrauterine growth of the foetus. The present study conducted in 200 newborn babies to determine the effect of common maternal illnesses like pregnancy induced hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus and maternal anaemia on the anthropometric measurements of newborn babies in comparison to the babies born to healthy mothers showed a significant decrease in the anthropometric parameters in the newborns born to mothers with pregnancy induced hypertension and anaemia. There was a significant increase in the anthropometric parameters in babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:35:59 GMT
       
  • A Maxillary Immediate Tooth Supported Over Denture Opposing A Tooth
           Supported Straight Bar Mandibular Over Denture; A Case Report.
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Anandkumar. G .Patil, P.S .bhusaraddi,Vinaykumar. Hiremath, satishpatil, Sheetal Kumar . R.
      Teeth loss occurs due to caries, periodontal disease, trauma and other diseases. whenonly few teeth are remaining in mouth, then patients will develop social and psychological fear of being edentulousness after the extraction of remaining teeth.. The position and number of the remaining posterior or anterior teeth in the arch will determine the type of treatmentmodalities like extract or not, or to go for removable and fixed partial denture, or an over denture or immediate denture treatment. In line with present day trends immediate dentures,over dentures ,and immediate over dentures are necessary to prevent anxiety and distress of patient who must have to undergo extraction 0f remaining few teeth. These type of dentures helps in restoring esthetics, phonetics, and mastication without interrupting normal life style of smiling, talking, eating, and socializing

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:32:29 GMT
       
  • A Morphological Study on the Branching Pattern of Subscapular Artery
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Bhavya B.S., P.S. Bhusaraddi, Amarendra M. Kabadi Pavan P. Havaldhar.
      The subscapular arterial tree may be used as a source of microvascular grafts to replace damaged or diseased portions of arteries, particularly in the hand and forearm. The present study was conducted on 54 embalmed specimens with objectives of measuring the point of origin of subscapular artery and note the pattern of variations of the subscapular artery. In majority of specimens, subscapular artery originated from third part of axillary artery and was absent in 13% of cases, in which its branches circumflex scapular and thoracodorsal originated directly from the trunk of axillary artery. The commonest variation was common trunk for subscapular and posterior circumflex humeral arteries (20.4%). In the present study, 48% of specimens showed variations of subscapular artery. The variation pattern was encountered more on left side,belonging to female cadavers.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:29:52 GMT
       
  • Surgically Relevant Morphometry of Sacral Hiatus
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Lakshmi Trikkur Anantharaman, AzraJabeen.
      Introduction:The surgical anatomy of sacral hiatus plays a major role in thecaloscopy, caudal epidural anaesthesia and trans sacral-endoscopy. Present study aims at providing a detailed surgical anatomy of sacral hiatus and its surrounding landmarks. Methodology: The study was done on 51 dry human sacra of unknown sex. Following parameters were observed & measured with digital vernier callipers, compass and protractor. Results: 1. Anteroposterior diameter of sacral canal at apex: 4.61mm ± 1.5mm 2. Width of sacral hiatus at the level of the sacral cornua: 14.82mm ± 2.32mm 3. Distance from apex to sacro coccygeal junction: 35.23mm ± 13.93mm 4. Distance from apex to base of hiatus: 27.05mm ± 11.65mm 5. Distance between the 2 superolateral sacral crests: 61.51mm ± 4.41mm 6. Distance between the right superolateral sacral crest and hiatal apex: 58.29mm ± 9.36mm 7. Distance between the left superolateral sacral crest and hiatal apex: 58.55mm ± 9.48mm 8. Distance from apex to upper border of sacral canal: 60.41mm ± 13.00mm 9. Distance from apex to S2 sacral foramina: 31.54mm ± 9.05mm 10. Angles between the lines formed by the right and left superolateral crests with the apex: right - 57 degrees, left - 57 degrees Conclusion: The triangle formed by 2 superolateral crests and hiatal apex was found to have features of equilateral triangle.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:27:02 GMT
       
  • Cardiac Valve Anomaly- Case Study
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      M. Kavimani. WMS Johnson, Christilda Felicia Jebakani.
      During a routine cadaver dissection in anatomy department of madras medical college, I had found four leaflets in tricuspid valve. 60 years old male cadaver dissection this variation I had seen. The tricuspid valve can be affected by rheumatic fever, which can cause tricuspid stenosis or tricuspid insufficiency (also called tricuspid regurgitation). Some patients are born with congenital abnormalities of the tricuspid valve. Congenital apical displacement of the tricuspid valve is called Ebstein's anomaly and typically causes significant tricuspid regurgitation. The knowledge of tricuspid valve leaflets is important for physicians and surgeons.Clinical significance of this case are discussed in detail.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:23:45 GMT
       
  • Origin of Left Gastric Artery from Abdominal Aorta– A Case Report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Veena Vidya Shankar, C. Sheshgiri, Divya C.
      Background: The coeliac trunk is a short wide vessel about 1.25cms long and arises from the front of abdominal aorta immediately below the aortic hiatus of the diaphragm, opposite to the lower border of T12 vertebra and divides into left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries. The knowledge of branching patterns of arteries and their variations is important in various surgical and radiological procedures. Method: During the routine dissection of a 65yr old female cadaver at MSRMC, Bangalore, we observed a variation in branching pattern of coeliac trunk. The artery was neatly dissected, measurements taken and photographed. Observation: The left gastric artery was arising from abdominal aorta and coeliac trunk was longer. Conclusion: The present variation of coeliac trunk will be very useful in laparoscopic surgeries, coeliac axis compression syndrome & aortic replacement with reimplantation of coeliac trunk . It will enable the surgeons to accomplish abdominal interventions and avoid catastrophic complications. It also facilitates a proper radiological presurgical evaluation of upper abdomen.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:21:29 GMT
       
  • Anatomical Significance of the Nerve to Pyramidalis Muscle: A Case Report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Jyothilakshmi.T.K Sarala.H.S, Gautham.B.V.
      The paired pyramidalis muscles are small triangular muscles that lie between the anterior surface of the rectus abdominus and posterior surface of the rectus sheath. The precise function of the pyramidalis muscle is unclear, but together the muscles are thought to tense the linea alba. Most of the existing literature regarding pyramidalis muscle focuses only on the statistical observations of its existence. However there is very little description about the innervationof the muscle. The purpose of this paper is to describe the characteristics of nerve to the pyramidalis muscle (NPy). The NPy is given off from one of the following (i) the anterior cutaneous branch of the intercostal nerve (ii) the ilioinguinal nerve (iii) genital branch of genitofemoral nerve. NPy can be classified into nine types according to features of the course & branching pattern of the nerves. During routine dissection in our department, we came across a male cadaver aged about 50 years. We noted bilateral presence of pyramidalis muscle; dimensions of the muscle were taken. Nerve supply to the muscle was traced; NPy was given off from anterior cutaneous branch of the subcostal nerve

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:17:56 GMT
       
  • Unilateral Variation in the Origin and Course of Musculocutaneous Nerve
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Shylaja.D.K, Dakshayani. K. R.
      During routine dissection in the Department of Anatomy, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, variations in the origin and course of Musculocutaneous nerve is observed in right upper limb of male cadaver aged around 50 years. Musculocutaneous nerve is a branch from the lateral cord of brachial plexus. The nerve innervates coracobrachialis before piercing it and passes downward and laterally between biceps brachii and brachialis. During its course between the above two muscles, it supplies both heads of biceps brachii and brachialis and continues as lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm. In this study, there is lower origin of Musculocutaneous nerve from the lateral cord and is not piercing coracobrachialis. During its course, in the upper one third of arm, the nerve is lying medial to brachial artery, in the middle one third the nerve crosses from medial to lateral side and in lower one third lies lateral to brachial artery. Branch to coracobrachialis is emerging directly from the lateral cord. Knowledge about these variations helps the orthopaedic surgeon to plan for reconstructive surgeries of shoulder joint and for the neurotisation of brachial plexus lesions

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:14:58 GMT
       
  • Retromolar Foramen in South Indian Mandibles
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Shantharam V .Manjunath K.Y .Aruna N, Deepti Shastri.
      Retromolar foramen' is usually found in a triangular depressed area behind the socket for the lower last molar teeth. In the present study one hundred and fifteen adult mandibles of unknown sex were examined for the presence of retromolar foramen. Retromolar foramen was found in one mandible bilaterally and in three mandibles unilaterally (in one on left side and in other two mandibles on the right side - 3.48%).In one of the mandibles on the right side there were two foramina. The mean diameter of the foramina was 2.97 mm (range-1.42-2.53 mms). The retromolar foramina were located at a distance of 1.0-12.21 mms (mean - 9.71mm) from the last molar tooth. The retromolar foramen is surgically important: The Inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle which traverses through this foramen may be injured in the surgical procedures, like surgical extraction of lower third molars, or in the sagittal split osteotomy surgery an account of its vulnerable location. The presence of retromolar foramen can account for failure in anaesthesia during oral surgery

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 17:12:11 GMT
       
  • Morphological Study of Connection Between the Median and the
           Musculocutaneous Nerves
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Sharadkumar Pralhad Sawant.
      Aim :To study the connections between the musculocutaneous nerve and the median nerve. Materials and Methods :100 upper limbs of 50 donated embalmed cadavers (45 males & 5 females) of age group ranging from 70 to 80 years were studied in the department of Anatomy at K. J. Somaiya Medical College, Sion, Mumbai, INDIA, the connections between the median nerve and the musculocutaneous nerve were observed. The finding was noted after thorough and meticulous dissection of the upper limbs of both sides (axilla, arm, forearm and palm). The arterial pattern in the arm (axillary and brachial arteries) was also observed. The photographs of the connections were taken for proper documentation. Observations : Out of 100 specimens the variations in the connections between the median nerve and the musculocutaneous nerve were found in 30 specimens i.e. 30% of the total specimens. Out of 30 specimens, 4 specimens showed the median nerve getting the communicating branch from the musculocutaneous nerve, 6 specimens showed the formation of the median nerve by medial and lateral roots in the middle of the arm; 12 specimens showed that the musculocutaneous nerve travelled some distance with the median nerve and then it got separated from the median nerve, the remaining 8 specimens showed that all the muscles of the front of the arm were supplied by the median nerve. The musculocutaneous nerve was absent. There was no associated arterial variations seen in any of the specimens. Conclusion : The presence of such type of variations are clinically important for surgeons, orthopaedicians and anaesthetist performing pain management therapies on the upper limb. These variations are compared with the earlier data & it is concluded that variations in branching pattern of cords of brachial plexus are a rule rather than exception.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 12:10:10 GMT
       
  • The Utility Value of Anatomy Museums in Medical Education in Tamilnadu
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Johnson WMS, Priscilla Johnson, Vathsala V, Jacintha Antony ..
      Background: Anatomy museums display dissected specimen and play a major role in medical curriculum by contributing to the field of research and education from time immemorial. While the medical council of India lays down norms for anatomy museum, this study was aimed at analyzing the utility value of the museum. Material & Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among the first year medical students (n=427) of five medical colleges in Chennai in the year 2005-06. Both the genders were involved in the study. A questionnaire was administered and information regarding the utility of anatomy museum was collected. Information on their academic performance was also collected. Data was analysed using SPSS software. Results: Most of the students (87%) had visited anatomy museum only once in their entire study period. The students (13%) who had visited frequently and had used the study material available over there had performed well in their academic. The reason cited by majority of the student community for undertaking fewer visit to the anatomy museum was attributed to the lack of support staff in the museum, poor lighting and display of the exhibits. Conclusion: While most students think that anatomy museum is just like any other museum and is utilized as a place for social interaction, the real importance of museum specimen in understanding the complexity of anatomical structures and their relations cannot be understated.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 12:03:25 GMT
       
  • Comparison of Nasal Morphology Between Southern and Northern India
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Rohini R.Karambelkar, Avinash D. Shewale, Rajesh. A. Karambelkar, B.N.Umarji.
      The morphology of nose in the form of various nasal indices is useful for surgeries like rhinoplasty, facial reconstruction & medico legal cases. The nasal morphological pattern is mainly determined genetically, but also gets affected by environmental factors. In the present study 200 medical students of age 18 to 25 years are studied. The comparison is done between the students staying in Northern India (to the north of cancer line) and Southern India. The length, width and height is measured and various indices in percentage value are calculated. The data collected is statistically analysed to know the significance. There is highly significant regional and sexual difference found in nasal morphology.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 11:59:15 GMT
       
  • Dermatoglyphics Correlated with Pulmonary Tuberculosis
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Karan Bhagwan Khairnar.
      Dermatoglyphics is scientific study of epidermal ridges and their configuration on palmar and plantar region. Functional mutants of mannose binding protein are associated with pulmonary tuberculosis, which plays important role in inheritance. Epidermal ridge pattern is also determined by genetics. This anatomical study was undertaken with both arms from the age group between 20-45, one with 100 patients (72-males, 28-females) having pulmonary tuberculosis and the other with 100 healthy adult (72- males, 28-females).We found Decrease in 'atd' angle in both hands of male & female patients as compared to controls and Increase in number of Whorls in Male Patients as compared to controls. Dermatoglyphic analysis proven to have advantages as a diagnostic tool in certain diseases including pulmonary tuberculosis. It can use as screening tools for pulmonary tuberculosis.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 11:54:06 GMT
       
  • A Study of Amniotic Band in Banke District of Nepal and Bangalore District
           of Karnataka
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Sabita Singh, Arun kumar.S, Bilodi.
      Introduction : Amniotic band is a congenital malformation ranging from minor constriction ring to complex multiple congenital anomalies which entangle and disrupt the affected parts. The constricting bands are seen in the extremities including digits , limbs and abdomen(trunk), with or without associated defects. In severe cases, there will be auto amputation of the affected parts (limbs /commonly digits). Aim of the study : The objective of present study is to report the various types and incidence of Amniotic Band that came across in Bangalore district of Karnataka as well as Banke district of Nepal . Materials and Methods : Two thousand five hundred patients were screened for the presence various types of anomalies in Bangalore, of Bangalore district and eight hundred fifty patients were screened in the Teaching Hospitals of Nepalgunj Medical College, both at Kohalpur as well as in Nepalgunj of Banke district, Nepal. Discussion : Three cases of Amniotic Bands were found during the present study. Out of them, one case was found in the population of Nepal, while two cases of amniotic were diagnosed in Bangalore district. One amniotic band was seen in new born female baby in lower one third of left thigh with mild club foot at Nepalgunj Medical College Teaching Hospital and & 2 cases were seen in 3 months old male baby in the right thigh 2 inches above the ankle and a 5 years old male child in trunk encircling abdomen at the level L4 –L5 respectively. The present study of amniotic band has an incidence of 1in 850 in Banke district, Nepal and 1 in 1250 in Bangalore district. Conclusion : Amniotic band present at different sites with or without complication and associated anomalies with different incidence in the present study. This study can bring awareness among parents, clinicians and other health personals about morbidity due to amniotic band in new born and children.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 11:49:55 GMT
       
  • Fryns Syndrome – A Case Report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Athul Antony Simon, M. Shashirekha, Varsha Mokhasi, Geethanjali B.S., T. Rajini, S. Kantha.
      Fryns syndrome is a rare multiple congenital anomaly syndrome. The syndrome is characterised by congenital diaphragmatic hernia, unusual facial features and distal limb abnormalities. Dissected a full term still born foetus with gestational age of 36 weeks in the department of Anatomy, procured from the department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology , Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bangalore after adequate fixation. After dissection left sided diaphragmatic hernia with herniation of left lobe of the liver, spleen, stomach, malrotated small intestine, and transverse colon were observed. Significant left lung hypoplasia & bilateral corneal clouding were also present. We came to a conclusion that these findings lead to a diagnosis of Fryns syndrome. Fryns syndrome has a high rate of still birth and early neonatal mortality. Prenatal diagnosis especially ultrasonography done in early weeks of pregnancy can be useful in identifying this fatal syndrome.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 11:44:21 GMT
       
  • Variation in the Formation of Ansa Cervicalis on Right Side
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Jyothi. S. R, Dakshayani. K. R.
      ADuBrSinTgR rAoCutTine dissection in the Department of Anatomy, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, variation in the formation of ansa cervicalis on right side was observed in a male cadaver aged around 45years. The ansa cervicalis is a loop of nerves that are part of cervical plexus. It is formed by the union of descendens hypoglossi and descendens cervicalis. In the present case descendens hypoglossi is uniting with descendens vagi to form the upper loop. A branch from upper loop is seen joining with descendens cervicalis to form the lower loop. The knowledge of anatomy of ansa cervicalis is important for surgeons in laryngeal reinnervation surgeries by nerve to nerve anastomosis or by nerve-muscle transplantation to paraglottic space. Ansa cervicalis is used in preventing tongue hemiatrophy after facial-hypoglossal anastomosis.Knowledge regarding variations can also prevent iatrogenic injuries to ansa cervicalis during procedures such as thyroplasty, arytenoid adduction, and teflon injection.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 11:39:17 GMT
       
  • Dermatoglyphics and Health
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      S D Desai, G A Hadimani.
      Dermatoglyphics is a growing discipline and its easy and ready applicability renders it as a useful tool to the clinician. The relevance of dermatoglyphics is not to diagnose, but to prevent by predicting a disease; not for defining an existing disease, but to identify people with genetic predisposition to develop certain diseases. In the present study we try to determine significant palmar Dermatoglyphic parameters in case of sputum positive Tuberculosis, Diabetes Mellitus Type II with Essential Hypertension , Eczema, Congenital Heart Disease and Down syndrome are compared with the control group.The present study indicates that there are some genetic factors which are involved in the causation of various diseases like pulmonary tuberculosis, Diabetes Mellitus Type II Essential Hypertension &Eczema and it is possible to certain extent to predict from dermatoglyphics individual's chance of acquiring disease. Like clinical history, examination and investigations, the dermatoglyphics will play an important role revealing the genetic susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis. It will also be contributory in the assessment of contacts of pulmonary Tuberculosis; So that they are diagnosed and treated early.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Apr 2013 11:33:38 GMT
       
  • Holoprosencephaly
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Suresh N M, Dhananjaya B S, Omkar Murthy.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:15:48 GMT
       
  • Congenital right sided diaphragmatic hernia- a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Amarappa Nagleekar, Kiran V Padeyappanavar, K R Dakshayani, Tanveer Ahemad Khan, Damayanti, J H Sharieff.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:14:01 GMT
       
  • Unilateral absence of foramen transversarium of atlas vertebra- a rare
           case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Desai S D, Sreepadam Sunkeswari.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:13:10 GMT
       
  • Horseshoe Kidney and its vasculature- a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Balachandra N, padmalatha K, Prakash B S, B R Ramesh.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:11:08 GMT
       
  • Vertebral artery - a case report of anomalous origin
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Jnanesh R S.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:09:48 GMT
       
  • Unusual origin of right inferior thyroid artery - a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Pushpalatha K, Siraj Ahmed, N M Shamasundar, Najma Mobin.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:09:22 GMT
       
  • Multiple variation in the branching pattern of external carotd artery - a
           case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Padmalatha K, Prakash B S, Balachnadra N, Mamatha Y, B R Ramesh.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:07:48 GMT
       
  • Brachial artery- higher division and crossing - a dissection study
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Dahiphale V P, bahetee B H.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:06:16 GMT
       
  • Multiple variations of median nerve with persistent median artery - a case
           report and review of literature
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Sanjeevi Kolagi, G B Rairam, Anita Herur.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:05:34 GMT
       
  • Variation in the branching pattern of subclavian artery- a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      T Rajani, V jayanthi.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:04:25 GMT
       
  • Meckel Gruber syndrome- a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Krishnananand Shetty, Dakshayani K R.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:02:18 GMT
       
  • Sexual Dimorphism in adult human clavicles of north interior Karnataka
           region
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      P S Bhusareddi, Kiran V Padiappanavar, Manjula M.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 18:02:06 GMT
       
  • Bilateral high division of the brachial artery - a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Pushpalatha M, Haq.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 17:59:35 GMT
       
  • Acardia Acephalus Twin - a case report
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Mangala S., Dakshayani K.R.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 17:58:50 GMT
       
  • Internal Iliac artery & its variations
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Shivamurty A H, Raju G M, Sathyamurhty B, Vijaynath V.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 17:56:28 GMT
       
  • Histological Study of Collagen in Coronary Arteries of Mammals
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2010
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Keshaw Kumar.


      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 17:53:35 GMT
       
  • Variation in Course and Branching Pattern of Brachial Artery
    • Abstract: Publication year: 2012
      Source:Anatomica Karnataka - an International Journal
      Vandana R, N.m Suresh, Lakshmi Prabha R, Veena Pai.
      BACKGROUND: The brachial artery is the main artery that supplies the superior extremity. It begins as the continuation of third part of axillary artery at the distal border of teres major muscle and terminates in the cubital fossa at the level of neck of radius into ulnar and radial arteries. The variation in course and branching pattern have been observed and studied by many authors. The knowledge of the variation in course and branching patterns of arteries of upper limb is important for clinicians. AIM : With this background present study was undertaken to know the variation in course and branching pattern of brachial artery. METHOD : The present study was conducted on 60 upper limb specimens belonging to the Department of Anatomy of Sree Siddhartha Medical College and hospital, Tumkur by dissection method. RESULTS : 20 out of 60 specimens showed 8 varieties of variation. The most common variation being high origin of radial artery, other variations observed were high division of brachial artery, trifurcation, high origin of radial artery and superficial brachial artery. CONCLUSION : The brachial artery shows 8 types variation in the present study such as trifurcation of brachial artery, high brachial artery & high origin of radial arteries. The variation can be explained in the light of embryological development. In addition, knowledge of such variation is important for carrying out surgical procedure in upper extremity.

      PubDate: Sun, 30 Dec 2012 03:25:51 GMT
       
 
 
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