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Journal Cover   Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2146-8362
   Published by ScopeMed Homepage  [97 journals]
  • A Retrospective Study on Qualitative Assessment of Copper Content in Oral
           Leukoplakia, Submucous Fibrosis and Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Rhodamine
           Stain

    • Abstract: 2015-07-24T20-31-55Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Priya Shirish Joshi, Bhagyalaxmi Praveen Hongal, Neha Shashank Agnihotri, Rutuja Shridhar Kempwade.
      Background: Trace elements are required in small concentrations as essential active components of biological enzyme systems. They are in the form of metalloenzymes and copper is one such component. Copper metabolism is profoundly altered in neoplastic disease. Copper plays an important role in tumor angiogenesis especially in early stages and is also necessary for endothelial cell activation. Copper content in tissues of oral leukoplakia (OL), oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF), and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has not been studied extensively. Hence, we attempted this retrospective study to analyze copper content in the tissues by using rhodamine stain for better understanding of pathogenesis. Aim and Objectives: To evaluate and compare the copper content and its depth of penetration in tissue sections of diagnosed cases of oral precancer and cancer by using rhodamine staining method. Materials and Methods: This retrospective analytical study was conducted on histologically diagnosed 10 cases each of OL, OSMF, and OSCC. Ten cases of normal mucosa served as control. The selected cases were subjected to staining with rhodamine for qualitative analysis of copper content. Results: Paired t-test showed a significant increase in copper content in the study group (P = 0.516) as compared to control group. Krushall–Wallis non-parametric test showed higher mean value of copper content in cases of OSMF (2.00) than the cases of OL (1.20) and OSCC (1.70). Conclusion: Copper content by rhodamine staining technique was found to be higher in OSMF than OL and OSCC this staining technique can be used as a prognostic indicator for assessment of disease progression.

      PubDate: Wed, 22 Jul 2015 07:12:13 GMT
       
  • A Rare Finding of Coexisting Fibroadenoma and Duct Ectasia in Axillary
           Ectopic Breast Tissue

    • Abstract: 2015-07-24T20-31-55Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Sunita Singh, Hemant Yadav, Divya Srivastava, Rajeev Sen.
      Ectopic breast tissue (EBT) can present anywhere along the milk line from axilla to groin. It can harbor all the pathological conditions as that of the normal breast though incidence is very low. Fibroadenoma is rare in accessory breast and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a 30-year-old female presented with a firm and freely mobile right axillary lump measuring 6 cm × 4 cm. Fine-needle aspiration cytology revealed it as accessory breast tissue. However, the excision biopsy of the same showed fibroadenoma along with duct ectasia in EBT. This case has been reported due to its rarity and for consideration of fibroadenoma in differential diagnoses of axillary swellings.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Jul 2015 07:10:47 GMT
       
  • Sirenomelia – Mermaid Syndrome with Oesophageal Atresia: A Rare Case
           Report

    • Abstract: 2015-07-19T19-02-21Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Veena Raja, Vidyavathi Kannar, C. S. Babu Rajendra Prasad.
      Sirenomelia or Mermaid syndrome is a very rare congenital deformity in which legs are fused together and commonly associated with abnormal kidney development, genital, and rectal abnormalities. In this present case, sirenomelia was associated with oesophageal atresia, which is a rare association and occurs in about 20-35% of cases.

      PubDate: Sat, 18 Jul 2015 10:21:14 GMT
       
  • Expression of CA125 in Tissue and Serum of Uterine Serous Carcinoma
           Patients

    • Abstract: 2015-07-19T19-02-21Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Joseph Menczer, Letizia Schreiber, Esther Berger, Tally Levy.
      Objective: To compare tissue immunohistochemical expression of CA125 with its level in the serum of corresponding uterine serous carcinoma (USC) patients. Materials and Methods: Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of consecutive USC uterine specimens of 25 patients with known serum CA125 levels prior to treatment were examined. The clinicopathological records of these patients were retrospectively abstracted. Immunohistochemistry was performed in each case on deparaffinized 4μ sections of paraffin-embedded tissue blocks for detection of CA125. Staining of more than 10% of cells was considered positive. A scoring index was calculated by multiplying the intensity grade by the percentage of stained cells and considered low when it was equal to 1 or less and high when it was more than 1. Results: Positive immunohistochemical staining and a high staining score were found in 72.0% and 61.1% of the patients respectively elevated serum CA125 levels prior to treatment were observed in 36.0% of the patients. The difference between the percentage of USC patients with positive CA125 tissue staining and the percentage of those with elevated CA125 serum levels were significant. Elevated serum levels correlated significantly with advanced stage disease. No correlation was found between positive immunohistochemical tissue staining parameters and stage of the disease. Conclusion: The higher proportion of USC patients with positive CA125 immunohistochemical tissue staining than with elevated serum CA125 levels indicates the presence of some mechanism that prevents the access of CA125 into the circulation.

      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jul 2015 02:15:49 GMT
       
  • Schistosomiasis: A Rare Cause of Acute Appendicitis

    • Abstract: 2015-05-22T14-21-16Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Faten Limaiem, Saadia Bouraoui, Maroua Bouhamed, Ghada Sahraoui, Ahlem Lahmar, Sabeh Mzabi.
      Schistosomiasis is a water-borne trematode infestation and is one of the most widespread parasitic diseases in the world. Schistosomiasis can affect any organ, but is rare in the appendix. In this paper, the authors report a new case of appendicular schistosomiasis that was incidentally discovered in a 27-year-old male patient from Mali who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis. Appendectomy specimens removed from patients with appendicular schistosomiasis often appear macroscopically normal, but histopathological analysis of these cases confirms the diagnosis by revealing schistosomal eggs. The authors strongly recommend that all appendectomy specimens be examined histopathologically regardless of whether the specimens are macroscopically normal.

      PubDate: Tue, 19 May 2015 23:33:18 GMT
       
  • Bilateral Adenomyoepithelioma of the Breast Presenting With Breast Abscess
           in a Lactating Woman: A Case Report

    • Abstract: 2015-04-28T23-26-27Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Manna Valiathan, Padmapriya Jaiprakash, Geetha Vasudevan.
      The term adenomyoepithelioma has been applied to a broad range of biphasic lesions composed of epithelial and myoepithelial cells. They show diverse morphologic patterns due to the admixture of the two components which may lead to a diagnosis of malignancy. We present a case of bilateral adenomyoepithelioma in a lactating woman who had a concomitant breast abscess. A 25-year-old lady presented with bilateral breast lumps since 2 years, with acute pain. With a clinical diagnosis of an abscess, superimposed on fibrocystic disease, drainage of abscess, and lumpectomy was performed. The clinicopathological features of this entity are discussed.

      PubDate: Mon, 27 Apr 2015 06:45:22 GMT
       
  • A preventable complication of a slow growing cancer – Lessons learned
           and a literature review

    • Abstract: 2015-04-28T23-26-27Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Alethea Tan, Parneet Gill, Haitham Kashaba, Sally Hales, Fahmy Fahmy.
      Malignant tumors of the hand are rare. Chondrosarcoma presenting in the hand are usually low grade with low risk of metastasis. To our knowledge and following literature review, there are nine reported cases of metastatic chondrosarcoma of the hand worldwide in the English literature, with only two reported cases of axillary lymphadenopathy. We describe a case of an unusual presentation of chondrosarcoma of the left little finger with distant axillary and pulmonary metastases. We also review management issues unique to this patient and reflective learning points to improve care. Our patient could have had a satisfactory outcome if treated early. We recommend referral of suspicious hand lesions to a specialist hand surgeon, for early assessment and management, in order to reduce patient morbidity and mortality.

      PubDate: Sat, 25 Apr 2015 00:41:48 GMT
       
  • Effects of Menopause and Diabetes on the Rat Thyroid Gland: A
           Histopathological and Stereological Examining

    • Abstract: 2015-04-18T23-31-59Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Zeliha Yetim, Deniz Unal, Selina Aksak Karamese, Tolga Mercantepe, Jale Selli, Elif Polat, Basak Buyuk.
      Objective: Menopause is described as the arrest of the menstruation cycle and ending of reproductive potential. Diabetes mellitus (DM) occurs with Type 1 diabetes that is originated from the absence of insulin and Type 2 diabetes depending on insulin resistance. It is one of the most common endocrine disorders encountered in clinical practice that can cause serious health complications. Therefore, the objective of the present thesis was to investigate the effects of menopause and diabetes upon the thyroid using a rat model. Materials and Methods: 24, 12 weeks old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into; non-diabetic healthy control group (Group I, n = 6), diabetic group (Group II, n = 6), ovariectomy group (Group III, n = 6), and ovariectomy plus diabetic group (Group IV, n = 6), respectively. Results: In histopathological examinations, the thyroid gland of the diabetic group had large follicles with cuboidal or almost squamous epithelial lining surrounding wide lumen. There were areas of disorganized follicles with decreased colloid. In the ovariectomized (OVX) rats, there was hyperplasia of the thyroid follicles and disorganized follicles with complete obstruction of their lumina. Mitotic cells were available. Some parafollicular cells had lack of cytoplasm. Post ovariectomy diabetes-induced group (Group IV), there were some species between follicles and remarkable reduction of colloid. Hyperplasia of the thyroid follicles, solid cell nests, and mitotic cells were also seen increasingly in this group. Follicular lumen area of ovariectomy group is closer to the control group. The increase of the lumen area in the DM group was the largest, diabetes+ovariectomy group also had an increase in the follicular lumen area. Conclusion: Finally; postmenopausal aging and diabetes in rats, may cause thyroid degeneration. DM and menopause both cause oxidative stress. But their damages on thyroid tissue are different. It means they cause oxidative stress via different ways. DM + OVX group compared to other groups has the greatest damage.

      PubDate: Wed, 15 Apr 2015 05:26:38 GMT
       
  • Intraosseous Schwannoma

    • Abstract: 2015-04-14T04-32-24Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Bhavna Nayal, Ranjini Kudva, Sandeep Kumar, Rajesh Parameshwaran Nair, Ashitha Nanaiah.
      Intraosseous schwannomas are rare and benign neoplasms originating from the nerve sheath cells. We present two such cases, one located in the ninth thoracic vertebrae and the other involving the sacrum. Clinicoradiological diagnosis in both the cases was a primary bone tumour. Histopathological examination revealed characteristic morphology of schwannoma which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. These two cases highlight the importance of clinical, radiological and histopathological correlation in the diagnosis of these uncommon bone tumors.

      PubDate: Mon, 13 Apr 2015 12:47:20 GMT
       
  • Collagenous Gastritis: A Rare Entity

    • Abstract: 2015-03-18T20-13-22Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Faten Limaiem, Sabeh Mzabi.
      Collagenous gastritis is a rare entity of unknown etiology characterized histologically by the presence of a thick subepithelial collagen band associated with an inflammatory infiltrate of gastric mucosa. A 40-year-old male presented with a history of chronic intermittent abdominal pain for about 6 months. Physical examination was unremarkable, and biological tests were within normal range. The patient underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy which showed a nodular mucosa of the stomach. Biopsies of the duodenum and colon were unremarkable. However, biopsies of the gastric fundus revealed a mild chronic gastritis characterized by lymphocytic and plasma cell infiltration of deep mucosa, without lymphoid follicle formation or active inflammation. No microorganisms were identified on routine hematoxylin and eosin or Giemsa-stained sections. Subepithelial collagen in the gastric biopsies was thickened and showed entrapped capillaries. Subepithelial collagen was highlighted by Masson’s trichrome staining and was negative for amyloid by Congo Red. In the areas containing thickened collagen, there were no intraepithelial lymphocytes. The final pathological diagnosis was collagenous gastritis. Collagenous gastritis is an extremely rare disease, but it is important to recognize its characteristic endoscopic and pathologic findings to make a correct diagnosis. Specific therapy for this rare entity has not yet been established.

      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2015 12:03:16 GMT
       
  • Gene Therapy and Stem Cells in the Treatment of Congenital Diseases.

    • Abstract: 2015-03-10T05-00-54Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Paula Rubya Souza Câmara.
      Several congenital diseases are particularly attractive candidates for intervention using gene therapy since the underlying molecular bases for most of the monogenic disorders are well-understood. Transplantation of ex vivo genetically modified stem cells has also shown promise. Although all of these systems are meritorious and worthy of continued investigation, this mini-review article focused on the platforms that have received the most attention and that are maturing in the clinical setting; in particular, the potential of in vivo gene therapy and human-induced pluripotent stem cells. Studies of apparently disparate diseases that are presumably linked through shared metabolic pathways are likely to provide greater insights into the biology of the diseases. This and other opportunities for exchange will hopefully foster acceleration in the development of new and innovative therapies for these devastating diseases.

      PubDate: Sat, 07 Mar 2015 10:01:41 GMT
       
  • Synchronous Superficial Myofibroblastoma and Stromal polyp of the Vagina:
           Report of A Case Supporting Common Histogenesis of Both Lesions

    • Abstract: 2015-03-05T04-32-38Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Michal Zamecnik, Roman Sucansky.
      Rare simultaneous occurrence of vaginal superficial cervicovaginal myofibroblastoma and vaginal stromal polyp is described. The lesions were found in a 90-years-old patient, in the anterior wall of the vagina. The diameter of the lesions was 6cm and 2cm, respectively. Between them, a 3cm part of normal appearing vaginal wall was present. Both lesions showed similar myoid appearing morphology and myofibroblastic desmin+/actin-/h-caldesmon-/CD34- immunophenotype, with positivity for CD10, CD99, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor. Larger lesion was diagnosed as benign cervicovaginal myofibroblastoma, and the smaller one had typical features of vaginal stromal polyp. This case of simultaneous occurrence of cervicovaginal myofibroblastoma and vaginal stromal polyp supports previously suggested histogenetic relationship between these lesions.

      PubDate: Wed, 04 Mar 2015 05:26:39 GMT
       
  • Overview of the Last Two Years

    • Abstract: 2015-03-05T04-32-38Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Ayhan Ozcan.


      PubDate: Wed, 04 Mar 2015 04:13:36 GMT
       
  • Protective Effect of Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis) Extract on
           Naphthalene Induced Nephrotoxicity in Adult Male Albino Rat

    • Abstract: 2015-02-23T09-31-24Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Neveen Mohamed El-sherif, Noha Mohy Issa.
      Background: Naphthalene (NA) is a common environmental contaminant and is abundant in tobacco smoke. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a herb commonly used as a spice and flavoring agents in food processing and is useful in the treatment of many diseases. Aim of the work: To study the nephrotoxicity of NA and to evaluate the possible protective role of rosemary extract in adult male albino rat. Materials and Methods: 25 animals were divided into three groups: Group I (Control group), Group II (NA treated group) received NA at a dose of 200 mg/kg/day dissolved in 5 ml/kg corn oil orally by gastric tube, Group III (protected group) received rosemary extract (10 ml/kg/day) followed after 60 min by NA at the same previous dose orally by gastric tube. The experiment lasted 30 days. The following parameters were studied: Biochemical assessment of renal function, histological, immunohistochemical, morphometric studies and statistical analysis of the results. Results: NA treatment resulted in a highly significant increase in the mean values of serum urea and creatinine. NA induced histological changes in the form of glomerular congestion. Some glomeruli demonstrated marked mesangial expansion and hence that Bowman’s spaces were almost completely obliterated. Shrinkage of renal glomeruli with widening of Bowman’s spaces could also be seen. Focal tubular dilatation with appearance of casts inside the tubules was observed. Congested peritubular blood vessels and interstitial hemorrhage were also seen. The medullary region demonstrated vascular congestion and fibrosis. Focal cellular infiltration was presented in the interstitium. The renal cortex of NA treated rats showed a noticeable down regulation in alkaline phosphatase positive immunoreactive cells in some proximal convoluted tubules. NA induced up regulation of positive immunoreaction for inducible nitric oxide synthase in the proximal and distal convoluted tubules as well as in the collecting tubules. All previous results were significantly reversed in the protected group compared with NA treated group. Conclusions: It is concluded that NA has a harmful effect on rat kidney. Rosemary extract had a protective role against renal injury induced by NA and this effect may be attributed to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity.

      PubDate: Fri, 20 Feb 2015 11:52:51 GMT
       
  • Appendiceal Hyperplastic Polyp: Case Report

    • Abstract: 2015-02-23T09-31-24Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Faten Limaiem, Saadia Bouraoui, Maroua Bouahmed, Ghada Sahraoui, Ahlem Lahmar, Sabeh Mzabi-Regaya.
      Serrated lesions morphologically analogous to those seen in the colorectum are found in the appendix. Appendiceal hyperplastic polyps are very rare, and their true incidence is unknown. A 52-year-old male previously healthy patient with no particular past medical history, presented with a 24-h history of abdominal pain localized to the right lower quadrant. On physical examination, he was tender to palpation in the lower right quadrant. As acute appendicitis was highly suspected, laparoscopic appendectomy was performed. Histological examination of the surgical specimen showed acute inflammation of the appendiceal wall. The crypts were focally elongated but relatively straight with serrations that were visible mainly near the luminal end of the crypts. Columnar cells with or without apical mucous vacuoles alternated with large goblet cells. The crypt bases were not serrated and were lined by regular cells with small nuclei. The muscularis mucosa was intact. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. The final pathological diagnosis was acute appendicitis associated with hyperplastic polyp. Hyperplastic lesions of the appendix are often incidental findings although they can be associated with acute appendicitis. They are significantly associated with adenocarcinoma elsewhere in the large intestine and the finding of mucosal hyperplasia in an appendectomy is an indication for further investigations to exclude colorectal neoplasia.

      PubDate: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 00:00:15 GMT
       
  • Granular Cell Tumor of the Breast: An Unusual Tumor of the Breast
           Masquerading As Malignancy

    • Abstract: 2015-02-23T09-31-24Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Padmapriya Jaiprakash, Kanthilatha Pai.
      Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare neoplasm of the breast, accounting for

      PubDate: Mon, 16 Feb 2015 23:24:50 GMT
       
  • Effect of Semicarbazide on the Testis of Juvenile Male Albino Rat

    • Abstract: 2015-02-05T04-32-32Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Neveen M. El-Sherif, Abeer E. El-Mehi.
      Background: Semicarbazide (SEM) is an azodicarbonamide byproduct present in a glass jar packaged foods especially baby foods. A relatively high consumption of these products by infants can result in higher exposure compared with other consumers. Objectives: This study was performed to throw light on the effect of SEM on the testis of juvenile male albino rat. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on 20 juvenile male albino rats divided into the control group, and SEM treated group. Animals of the SEM treated group were administered 40 mg of SEM orally once daily for 30 days. At the end of the experiment, animals were weighed and then sacrificed. The parameters examined were gonadal index, epididymal spermatozoal examination, histological study, immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in addition to ultrastructural study. Morphometric study and statistical analysis of the results were carried out. Results: The gonadal index of SEM treated group showed a significant decrease compared with the control group. Loss of germ cells was confirmed by a significantly low sperm count. SEM induced variable degrees of tubular affection in the form of distorted seminiferous tubules, cellular disorganization, sloughing and cytoplasmic vacuolation. Acidophilic hyaline material, vacuolations, and congested blood vessels were present in most of the interstitial spaces. Immunohistochemically, SEM treatment induced a marked reduction in the number of PCNA immunoreactive cells. An ultrastructural alteration of spermatogenic cells and wide separation in between germ cells were observed. Conclusions: These results suggest that growing animals are more susceptible to gonadal toxicity of SEM. It is better to avoid food products sold in glass jars, especially during the juvenile period.

      PubDate: Mon, 02 Feb 2015 13:25:19 GMT
       
  • Spectrum of Intestinal Neoplasms: A study of 400 cases

    • Abstract: 2015-01-11T13-13-38Z
      Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology
      Aminder Singh, Bhavna Garg, Neena Sood, Harpreet Kaur Puri, Vikram Narang, Sumit Grover.
      Objective: The present study is a five-year analysis of all the tumors of small and large intestine received in the Pathology Department of Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana. Methods: All the cases were grossly and microscopically examined and were staged according to Astler Coller Staging and classified and subtyped according to WHO classification. The important differences between the small and large intestine tumors were also analyzed. Results: There were 400 cases out of which 356 were in large intestine while 44 were in the small intestine. There were only 56 benign neoplasms while 344 were malignant tumors. Adenomas were the most common benign tumors while majority of malignant tumors were adenocarcinomas. Lymphomas, mesenchymal tumors, and carcinoid tumors were much more common in a small intestine as compared to large intestine. Majority of adenocarcinomas were located in the large intestine with most of them being moderately differentiated having Astler Coller Stage B II. Mucinous carcinomas had the worst prognosis as compared to adenocarcinomas. Anal canal had mainly squamous cell carcinomas. Conclusions: Tumors of large intestine were much commoner than of small intestine. There was a higher incidence of tumor in males with M:F ratio of 2.2:1. Mean age of presentation of benign tumor was younger, i.e., 32.6 years when compared to 54.5 years for malignant tumors. Tubular adenoma was the most common benign tumor and adenocarcinoma the commonest malignant neoplasm.

      PubDate: Sat, 10 Jan 2015 10:59:57 GMT
       
 
 
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