for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
Followed Journals
Journal you Follow: 0
 
Sign Up to follow journals, search in your chosen journals and, optionally, receive Email Alerts when new issues of your Followed Journals are published.
Already have an account? Sign In to see the journals you follow.
Journal Cover Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
  [13 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2228-897X - ISSN (Online) 2228-897X
   Published by ScopeMed Homepage  [99 journals]
  • Blood culture findings in patients with acute cholangitis and
           cholangiocarcinoma

    • Abstract: 2016-01-08T19-08-25Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Beuy Joob, Junomma Kanoma, Atulla Singh.
      Acute cholangitis is an infection of the biliary tract with the potential to cause significant morbidity and mortality. There is no report concerning the causative agents of acute cholangitis in the cholangiocarcinoma patients. This retrospective review was made on 56 hospitalized patients who had been diagnosed as cholangiocarcinoma with cholangitis. Bacterial pathogens were identified in eighteen (64.3 %) of the 56 cases. Most positive blood cultures contained Gram-negative aerobes. In conclusion, the causative agents for acute cholangitis in the cholangiocarcinoma are similar to those seen in non cholangiocarcinoma.

      PubDate: Wed, 06 Jan 2016 19:53:01 GMT
       
  • Viral hepatitis in West African country, Burkina Faso

    • Abstract: 2015-10-11T23-18-26Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Traore Kuan Abdoulaye, Rouamba S Hortense, Traore Sababénédjo Alfred, Roques Pierre.
      Given the threat posed to public health by viral hepatitis in developing countries, we report here an update on the prevalence of viral hepatitis in Burkina Faso. These data will be important to assess health risks associated with viral outbreaks. Although the pathogenicity of the five hepatocyte-tropic viruses associated with hepatic diseases (A, B, C, D and E) is very similar, the viruses differ significantly from each other in terms of their genomic organization, viral family, particle size, mortality rates, ability to cause chronic disease, severity, modes of transmission and distribution in West Africa. Thus, the epidemiology of each of these viruses is different, which affects the choice of primary control mechanisms designed to stop their spread, such as sensitization campaigns, vaccination, and improved safety regarding blood transfusions (B, C, D and E virus) and food (mainly for A and E virus). This review identifies the current problems regarding viral hepatitis in Burkina Faso. Because intervention like vaccination, or infrastructure modification (water services, population movement etc…) regular updates are needed in order to clearly evaluate the public health risks associated with these infections.

      PubDate: Fri, 09 Oct 2015 03:50:48 GMT
       
  • Clinical documentation and doctor: Is it a challenge in HIV care'
           Experience of four new comprehensive HIV sites in Oyo State, Nigeria

    • Abstract: 2015-09-17T23-16-31Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Olabanjo Okunlola Ogunsola, Folake Adurogbola, Olalere Olajide, Babatunde Ladi-Akinyemi.
      Medical documentation is a powerful tool that allows the physicians to track patient’s history, identify problems and patterns that may help determine the course and outcomes of health care. The study assessed the documentation practice of physicians in the management of HIV/AIDS patients in four comprehensive HIV health facilities in Oyo State, Nigeria. A clinic folder audit and key in-depth interview of physicians was conducted in four comprehensive HIV health facilities in Oyo State. Eighty HIV care folders were randomly selected from the four facilities and audited for documentation of key parameters in the management of HIV patients. Data were entered into excel sheet and analyzed using excel 2013. Although documentation practices vary from facility to facility, only 73% and 75% of the folders had documented weight as of last visit and functional status respectively. CD4 and WHO clinical staging are the parameters used to determine eligibility for therapy; only 66% and 74% of the folders had documented CD4 count and WHO clinical stage respectively. Evidence of TB screening was documented in only 74% of the folder. Only 71% of the eligible patients had documented evidence of being placed on therapy and only 63% of the clinic folders had documented evidence of clinicians assessing adherence to therapy. Reasons alluded to this poor documentation practices included few human resources for health, numerous forms and sections in the care card to tick and high turnover of trained clinicians. There is urgent need for health facilities and programmers to institutionalize clinic folder audit in HIV practice in order to assess and improve patient care and uphold professional standards. Regular clinic folder audits will create a culture of quality improvement in patient care.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Sep 2015 04:38:21 GMT
       
  • Sero-prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants in Kiruhura District of
           Uganda

    • Abstract: 2015-09-12T23-18-17Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Abdirahman Bare Dubad, Sylvia Angubua Baluka, John B Kaneene.
      Sero-prevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants in Kiruhura District of Uganda

      PubDate: Tue, 08 Sep 2015 20:37:01 GMT
       
  • Conception of tuberculosis and evidence from slum area

    • Abstract: 2015-08-28T23-28-43Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Nasrin Sultana, Fatema Tania.
      Tuberculosis (TB) remains as an important public health problem in Bangladesh. TB is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs. The common symptoms of tuberculosis include cough for a prolonged duration that is more than three weeks, unexplained or intended weight loss, fatigue, general feeling of tiredness, fever, sweating at night, chills and loss of appetite. The patients of Tuberculosis hide their disease from family, relatives, and community due to the presence of misconception. This cross-sectional study was done with 103 respondents .The objectives of this study were to assess knowledge of TB patients about their disease, and to identify their misconceptions associated with TB. The study was conducted to identify the conception regarding tuberculosis among the slum dweller in Shyamoli and Mohammmadpur area, in Dhaka city. Data were collected by face to face interview using semi-structured questionnaire. Out of 103 respondents, among them 48.5% were in 15-25 years age group with mean 26.15; (SD = ± 5.34). More than two fifth (53.4%) respondents were male and 46.6 % were female and 53.41% were educated up to primary level, 71.84% were married, 88% were Muslims, 26.21% respondents were Garment worker, 60.0% were lived in a nuclear family. Majority respondents (86.41%) live in tin shade house. Among the respondents 53.4% heard about TB disease and the main source of information was mass media(TV, Radio).Majority(70.87%) of respondents knew that Cough for more than 2 weeks is the Common Symptom of TB. Study findings shows that there is lots of misconception about tuberculosis but various TB control program are running in Bangladesh by Gob and different NGOs which can be help the people of our country to overcome the problems.

      PubDate: Mon, 24 Aug 2015 05:05:39 GMT
       
  • Awareness and acceptance on health insurance, and willingness to pay: a
           community based study in Myanmar

    • Abstract: 2015-06-24T23-32-40Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Win Myint Oo, Kay Thi Lwin, Pa Pa Soe, Su Htar Lwin, Myat Ohnmar Win, The&#; Zar Chi Bo, May Soe Aung.
      Most health care spending in Myanmar is borne by means of out-of-pocket payment (OOP). A national health insurance scheme has not yet been established. This crosssectional study explored the awareness and acceptance of community related to health insurance, and their willingness to pay during February and March, 2014. Multi-stage random sampling procedure was used to recruit 1,346 household heads from 27 townships. As might be expected, the awareness of health insurance was low (8.4%; 95% CI = 7.0%, 10.0%). But following thorough explanation, the acceptance towards health insurance scheme was high (78.5%; 95% CI = 76.2%, 80.7%). The challenges towards the acceptance included as being poor (42.3%), thought as unnecessary (17.5%) and good health (12.2%). Significant determinants for the acceptance of community on health insurance were level of awareness, education, family size and urban/rural residence. The average annual value of willingness to pay (WTP) per person was 19,767 kyats (approximately 20 US$). People who were aware of health insurance, those with higher income, those with higher education status, those with smaller family size, those without experience of hospitalization, males and rural dwellers stated higher WTP values than their counterparts. This study pointed out that in line with the readiness of the community members, establishment of a national health insurance scheme should be considered and the awareness on its benefits requires improvement to ensure the success and sustainability of this scheme. The premium for health insurance should be adjusted for income.

      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jun 2015 17:10:08 GMT
       
  • A Rare Case of Hepatocellular Carcinoma manifesting as Left
           Supraclavicular Lymph Node enlargement

    • Abstract: 2015-06-24T23-32-40Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Avtar Singh Dhanju, Smit Rajput.
      HCC is one of the most common malignancies of the world and about 30-50% cases of HCC have extrahepatic metastasis. Though abdominal lymphnodes are 2nd most common metastasisi site for HCC, cervical lymphnode spread is rare. We report a case of left supraclavicular lymph node metastases in HCC confirmed by FNAC of involved lymph node. Extrehepatic metastases of HCC to unusual sites is reported in a few case reports and cervical lymph node is one of these rare sites and should be kept in mind during evaluation of cervical lymphadenopathy.

      PubDate: Sun, 21 Jun 2015 21:12:42 GMT
       
  • Health care behavior among caregivers of under-five children with febrile
           episodes in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

    • Abstract: 2015-06-07T14-23-15Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Idowu Ajibola; Samson Ayo Deji; Olorunfemi Akinbode Ogundele.
      Appropriate health care behaviour is a major determinant of health outcome particularly among under-five children with febrile episodes. There is currently dearth of information regarding factors associated with such behaviour among caregivers of children with febrile illness in Ogbomoso, south west Nigeria. The study assessed the knowledge of caregivers on causes of febrile illness and explored factors associated with appropriate health care behavior for children with febrile episodes in Ogbomoso. It was a community based cross-sectional study carried out using multi-stage sampling technique among 405 caregivers recruited in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection and data analysis was done using SPSS version 17. Chi-square test and binary logistic regression were used for analysis. The mean age of the respondents was 35±5. More than half (57.0%) of the respondents had good knowledge on causes of febrile illness among children but only 35% of them had appropriate health seeking behaviour. The proportion of caregivers with appropriate health care behavior was significantly higher among female caregivers (90.1%) compared to their male counterparts (p < 0.05). The proportion was also significantly higher among respondents who were in the middle socio-economic class compared to caregivers in other socio-economic classes (84.4%, p=0.05). Caregivers in low socio-economic class had significantly less odds (60%) for appropriate health care behavior compared to those in high socio-economic class (OR;0.40,95%CI;0.207-0.790). Caregivers who were Christians had significantly higher odds compared to those who practiced traditional religion (OR; 5.4, 95%CI; 1.127-26.636). The proportion of caregivers with appropriate health care behavior was found to be unacceptably low among caregivers of children with febrile episodes in Ogbomoso, south west Nigeria; as such, there is urgent need to design a cost effective behavioural change communication programme that will particularly target caregivers in lower socio-economic class.

      PubDate: Thu, 04 Jun 2015 05:33:23 GMT
       
  • Parasitic contamination in water: a brief review

    • Abstract: 2015-05-03T14-28-06Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Husson Ayo Deno, Alun Aodeno Onapompe.
      An important problem at present is the contamination of drinking water. In this paper, the author will focus on the parasitic contamination in water and further implication on human health. The important parasites that are usually mentioned as major contaminants will be briefly reviewed.

      PubDate: Wed, 29 Apr 2015 01:01:07 GMT
       
  • Vitamin D and invasive aspergillosis: a controversial issue

    • Abstract: 2015-02-28T09-30-39Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Horos Solo, Alexandra Orades.
      This short letter to editor is for discussing on thHoros Soloe controversial issue in usefulness of vitamin D supplementation in invasive aspergillosis.

      PubDate: Wed, 25 Feb 2015 19:40:53 GMT
       
  • A comparative study on complementary feeding pattern among
           mothers/caregivers of children aged 6 to 23 months in selected rural
           villages of Osun State Nigeria

    • Abstract: 2015-02-16T14-33-37Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Samson Ayo Deji, Onayade Adedeji Ayodeji, Arije Olujide.
      Inappropriate complementary feeding is a determinant of malnutrition among young children in developing countries. The study compared complementary feeding practices of mothers/caregivers nursing children aged six to twenty three months in selected villages of Ife East Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. The study design was a comparative cross sectional. Three of the villages were participating in Agricultural Extension Programme (AEP) activities of the Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife, Nigeria, while the other three were comparison villages. Five hundred and eighteen caregiver–child pairs were recruited for the study by convenience sampling method.Quantitative data was collected from mother-child pair with interviewer administered questionnaire that obtained information of socio-demographic characteristics, complementary feeding practices among other relevant pieces of information.. Of the 518 caregiver–child pairs,, 257 (49.6%) and 261 (50.4%) were from the Agricultural Extension Programme and comparison villages respectively The feeding practices of the mothers differed by age of the children. While 19.5% and 19.4% of women in both AEP and comparison villages respectively reported good feeding practices for children aged 6-11 months, those with children aged 12-23 months had a much higher proportion (78.2% and 85.1% ) (p< 0.05) with comparison villages having reported a higher feeding practices.

      PubDate: Mon, 16 Feb 2015 03:08:31 GMT
       
  • Combination between ginseng and gingko regimen: synergistic effect
           demonstrated by ontology study

    • Abstract: 2015-01-02T04-20-42Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Wuh Hsui Ngam, Kin Cheon Jung, Metas Ferius.
      Ginseng is a widely used oriental herb that is mentioned and confirmed for several clinical advantages. The use of ginseng in combination with other herb is very interesting. The combination between ginseng and gingko regimen is an interesting regimen. Study and design: There are some limited reports on this combination. The author designs an ontology study to assess this combination. Here, the author uses the standard ontology study to assess the synergistic effect due to combination between ginseng and gingko. It can concluded that the synergistic effect between ginseng and gingko result in usefulness and it is result from both a) specific effect of each herb and b) the new additional effect due to the combination.

      PubDate: Sun, 28 Dec 2014 22:52:39 GMT
       
  • Polymorphous Low Grade Adenocarcinoma of the Palate: A case Report

    • Abstract: 2014-11-17T23-28-45Z
      Source: Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Oluwasesan Adelowo Abdul, Olabode Peter Oluwole, Akinbola Michael Akinnagbe, Edmund Joseph Nwana, Ngyor Ver-or.
      Polymorphous low grade adenocarcinomas are indolent tumours that are localized preferentially to the palate and affect minor salivary exclusively. It was described in 1984 by Evans and Batsakis, when they reported a subset of heterogenous groups of malignant adenocarcinomas arising from the palate and minor salivary glands and named them ‘‘polymorphous low grade adenocarcinomas’’. An increasing number of reports in the pathology literature since then have identified this as the second or third most common minor salivary gland malignancy. The natural history of polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma is distinct from other malignant salivary tumours. The most common presentation is that of a lump in the oral cavity, usually on the palate. Diagnosis is established after biopsy as cytological studies are not helpful. The morphological features can resemble pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. We report a case of a middle-aged woman that presented with a fungating mass in the hard palate. The public health importance of this tumor is also discussed in this article.

      PubDate: Mon, 17 Nov 2014 03:33:44 GMT
       
  • 'Syringocystadenoma Papilliferum presenting as an ulcerated mass

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Olabode Peter Oluwole, Ozieghie Paul Omoregie, Oluseyi Ademola Adeosun, Thomas A Azer.
      Syringocystadenoma papilliferum is a benign adnexal skin tumor of the apocrine of the eccrine type with characteristic histological features and varied and non-distinct clinical findings. It is relatively a rare neoplasm, which is called as a childhood tumor, since it usually appears at birth or during puberty. A report of syringocystadenoma papilliferum of the scalp a benign skin appendage tumor diagnosed over a 12 months period (August 2009- July 2010) diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Patients’ biodata and clinical information were obtained from departmental records. Histology slides stained routinely with haematoxylin & eosin. The slides were reviewed by two consultant pathologists blinded who were in agreement over the diagnosis. Three cases of syringocystadenoma papilliferum were studied. All the three patients were females aged 18, 20 and 25 years respectively. Clinical presentations were recurrent ulcerated exophytic scalp lesions located at the frontal and occipital areas of the scalp. Histopathologically, the tumors were characterized by a number of cystic invaginations extending downwards from a papillomatous epidermis with a distinct verrucous hyperplasia. Numerous papillary projections extended into the lumen of these invaginations. Papillary projections were lined by a two-layer epithelium comprising an inner cylindrical and an outer cuboidal layer. The basement membrane remained intact. An inflammatory infiltrate consisting of lymphocytes, histiocytes and plasma cells was present in the stroma of papillary projections. The histological findings were consistent with syringocystadenoma papilliferum. Syringocystadenoma papilliferum of the scalp should be considered in young female adolescents presenting with a recurrent ulcerated exophytic lesion of the scalp. A high index of suspicion on the part of clinicians with proper histopathologic examination will be of immense assistance in making adequate diagnosis.

      PubDate: Tue, 28 Oct 2014 03:50:39 GMT
       
  • Nutrigenomics and tropical diseases: a short summary

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Beuy Joob.
      Nutrigenomics is the advance “omics” science that can be useful in nutritional and food research and development. The application of nutrigenomics can be seen in many aspects. In this short editorial, the author discusses on important application of nutrigenomics relating to tropical disease.

      PubDate: Sat, 27 Sep 2014 20:07:21 GMT
       
  • Bilateral filariasis of breast – a diagnostic challenge for
           oncologists.

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Sibaprashad Pattanayak, Subrata Pramanik.
      Extranodal filariasis is a rare entity, and the breast is an uncommon site for filariasis. Patients commonly present with an underlying lump and may occasionally mimic malignancy. We present a case of bilateral breast lump without axillary lymphadenopathy in an old lady diagnosed as filariasis of breast . The patient subsequently received antihelmenthic therapy and showed marked clinical response thereafter .

      PubDate: Thu, 11 Sep 2014 18:02:03 GMT
       
  • Hearing Impairment: Implications of mobile phone use

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Adedayo Olugbenga Olaosun, Ebenezer Olabamiji Ojofeitimi, Tajudin Adesegun Adetunji, Olawale Ogundiran.
      With the increase in use of mobile phones have come concerns about safety. Unfortunately, effects on hearing have not received much attention. This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence, patterns and awareness of possible hazards to hearing of mobile phones use among teachers and health professionals in Osogbo, Nigeria. All respondents reported ownership of mobile phones. Majority (51.2%) possessed one, and 48.8% owned at least two phones. Mean duration of use was 5.6 years (SD-2.25years), median number of calls made and received daily were nine (Range-19) and ten (Range -19 ) calls per day respectively. The median daily cost of maintenance was 100 Naira/US$0.6 daily (Range=1428Naira/US$9.25). Level of education was a significant predictor of earlier onset of use (OR=2.755, p=0.036) and only 18.2% were aware that mobile phones might pose a risk to hearing. The rapid increase in mobile phone use makes it important to sensitize the public about effects that injudicious use may have on hearing. In addition, well designed studies are needed to determine the exact risks that mobile phone use may pose to hearing and to identify and study characteristics that may modify these risks in a world that is becoming increasingly dependent on the mobile phone.

      PubDate: Wed, 16 Jul 2014 05:10:18 GMT
       
  • A comparative study on prevalence of violence among adolescents in public
           and private school in Osun State Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Olusegun T Afolabi, Samson Ayo Deji.
      The objective of the study was to compare the prevalence of different forms of violence among adolescents in public and private schools in Osun state Nigeria. A total of six schools and a sampled population of 600 students (300 each from both public and private schools ) were recruited for the study. Three private and three public schools were selected by simple random sampling from the list of schools located in the area. One hundred students were picked through systematic random sampling from each school selected. Data collection was done using pretested facilitated self administered semi structured questionnaires. Data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences version 16. Various forms of violence were discovered among the students such as verbal abuse, forceful collection of other people properties, physical assault s, threatened with weapons, attacked with weapons and intentional act of damaging properties. The Public schools had more of the different forms of violence with the commonest forms of violence in both public and private schools being verbal abuse( 87.2% and 62%), physical assaults (53.3% and 28.7%) The least form of violence was threat with weapons(18% and 3.3% respectively). The prevalence of these various forms of violence especially in Public schools calls for more vigilance on both the school teachers and parents to intensify monitoring over their wards in school and at home. The school authorities should set rules that will check and reduce to the barest minimum the rate at which these violence are perpetrated by students.

      PubDate: Fri, 13 Jun 2014 05:34:18 GMT
       
  • The causes and consequences of medical treatment non - adherence

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Michael K. Hole, Shushmita M. Ahmed, J. Zachary Wright, Daniel S. Orlovich, David M. Carreon, Yann A. Meunier.
      From ancient times, the physician’s work was limited by the patient’s participation in his cure. The art of adherence is enormously important and, to master it, one must understand all the subtle obstacles. Many challenges to adherence lie in the patient herself: her cognitive capacity, age, race, and acculturation to the patient role all may affect her ability and willingness to submit to treatment. A strong patient-provider relationship can often overcome many of these issues, but even in cases where a patient is in accord with her physician, cost or treatment complexity can prevent it. Such problems allow needless harm; non-adherence may account for 69% of US hospital admissions and cost $100 billion per year. We provide guidelines for overcoming the challenges to adherence. [NOTE: THIS ARTICLE IS RETRACTED DUE TO THE POOR QUALITY OF ITS CONTENT]

      PubDate: Mon, 26 May 2014 09:33:37 GMT
       
  • Clinical presentation of confirmed cases of dengue fever managed at Al
           Noor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Manal Al Gethamy, Mohamed Ali, Mohamed Haji, Mohannad Tayeb, Sadeq Serdar.
      According to the WHO guideline, the presence of two clinical features out of headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgia, arthralgia, rash, haemorrhagic manifestations and leucopenia can be suggestive for dengue fever. Studies done in Makkah and other places has being reported some of the clinical symptoms of dengue fever; common symptoms were found to be fever, malaise, musculoskeletal pain, headache, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain in a study conducted in Makkah; Based on a study result from Sri Lanka, headache, body aches, vomiting, retro-orbital pain, generalised weakness and skin erythema had a good positive predictive value for dengue fever; High grade fever, headache and body aches, nausea etc. were listed as frequent clinical presentations in another study carried out in Alnoor Specialist Hospital in Makkah. However, the value of clinical symptoms in diagnosing dengue fever has not been paid enough attention, as atypical manifestations may be under reported because of lack of awareness, yet, are also on the rise. This study was conducted to find out the prevalence demographic characteristics and various clinical manifestations in patients with confirmed dengue fever managed at Alnoor Specialist Hospital in Makkah. A hospital based analytical cross-sectional study was carried out in all patients with fever managed in Alnoor Specialist Hospital during the period of July 2008 to July 2012. Details on all symptoms, signs from physical examination, clinical course and laboratory investigations were collected from patients’ medical records. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests were used as a guideline for confirmed dengue cases; related symptoms. The study includes 103 cases of confirmed dengue fever. Their age ranged between two and 75 years with a mean of 30.6±16.1years. 45.1% of dengue cases were diagnosed and managed in winter season. Duration of fever among confirmed dengue cases ranged between 4 and 7 days among more than half of them (58.4%). In addition to fever, the commonest reported manifestations were vomiting (50.4%), malaise (37.2%), nausea (34.5%), headache (31%), diarrhoea (28.3%), and abdominal pain (24.8%). Hypotension was present in 40.5% of confirmed DF cases. Leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were diagnosed among most of patients (77.9% and 75.2%, respectively) while anaemia according to age and sex was diagnosed among 20.2% of cases. Fever was more accompanied with gastrointestinal manifestations than headache, musculoskeletal and retro-orbital pain. Fever typically lasts for four to seven days. The diagnosis of acute dengue virus infection should be based mainly on clinical signs and symptoms in endemic countries.

      PubDate: Tue, 29 Apr 2014 04:49:01 GMT
       
  • Internet addiction among children in slum, Surin province, Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Pailin Umpai, Wasana Kaewla, Viroj Wiwanitkit.
      Internet becomes a common available communication tool that helps bridge the people from remote area together. There is a worldwide distribution of internet at present. It becomes a new concern in public health among the side effect of using internet. The internet addiction becomes a new challenge in the present day. Here, the authors briefly report on a preliminary survey on internet addition among children in slum, Surin province, Thailand. Conclusively, the problem is existed and it is the hot issue in public health for management of this problem.

      PubDate: Mon, 17 Feb 2014 04:59:32 GMT
       
  • Brain pathology in H7N9 bird flu: the present evidence.

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Beuy Joob.
      This is a letter to editor discussing on the brain pathology in H7N9 bird flu.

      PubDate: Mon, 23 Dec 2013 13:40:11 GMT
       
  • Dengue, clozapine and schizophrenia

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2014
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Wollard Sovy Marchy.
      This is a letter to editor discussing on the interrelationship between dengue, clozapine and schizophrenia. The use of clozapine in dengue patient is hereby discussed.

      PubDate: Mon, 23 Dec 2013 13:29:26 GMT
       
  • Influenza in solid organ transplant recipients: risk, complications and
           vaccination.

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Wu Jain Fu.
      Transplantation is a definitive treatment for many end-stage diseases. An important concern on the transplant recipients is on the infection. Due to the immunosuppressive drug requirement, the severe clinical manifestation among the transplant recipients can be expected. Due to the recent pandemic influenza in the recent years, the topic of influenza infection among the transplant recipient should be discussed. Here, the author briefly summarized on risk, complications and vaccination for influenza among solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR).

      PubDate: Tue, 05 Nov 2013 23:22:36 GMT
       
  • H1N1 influenza pandemic, lesson really learnt

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Beuy Joob.
      This is a letter to editor discussing on the "lesson learnt" from the recent H1N1 influenza pandemic.

      PubDate: Thu, 31 Oct 2013 01:32:59 GMT
       
  • Sinogenic orbital infections in a Nigerian teaching hospital

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Taiwo Olugbemiga Adedeji, Adedayo Olugbenga Olaosun, James E Tobih, Olubusayo Olubukola Adejumo.
      Orbital complications of sinusitis are medical and surgical emergencies that threaten both the vision and life of the affected. This study reviews orbital infections with particular attention to its sinogenic origin, stages at presentation, treatment modalities and outcome. A retrospective review of all patients that were admitted and managed for orbital infections between July 2003 and June 2013. There were total of 25 patients with male to female ratio 1.8: 1 and age group 11 – 20 years was mostly affected. Eighty percent were due to rhinosinusitis and majority (65%) of the patients with sinogenic orbital infections had stage II disease. In the sinogenic orbital infections, affectation of more than 2 sinuses (multi-sinusitis) was found in 36% of patients. Forty eight percent of the patients were treated conservatively while 52 % had surgery. Twenty eight percent of the patients developed other associated complications. Orbital complications from sinusitis still remain a challenging problem especially in the developing world. Despite improvement in diagnostic accuracy with clinical and radiological facilities, grave sequale still occur due largely to ignorance, poverty and mismanagement by quacks. Health education and awareness programmes aimed at understanding the magnitude of the problem, high index of suspicion on the part of the managing physician and urgent and appropriate measures should be instituted on time. Keyword: Orbital infections, Rhinosinusitis, Blindness, Intracranial abscess

      PubDate: Fri, 25 Oct 2013 07:22:26 GMT
       
  • The Dengue Epidemic of 2010 in Trinidad, lessons learned

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Kameel Mungrue, Vishala Tewari, Varun Bridgelal, Lian Sampath, Venessa Harrynarine.
      In 2010, the incidence of dengue fever (DF) in Trinidad reached epidemic levels. DF is endemic in the Caribbean with cycles of epidemics occurring every 3-5 years. This epidemic for the first time offers the opportunity to describe more accuratly the clinical features and outcomes, as the majority of patients were seen at designated areas. The aim of ths is study is to describe the clincal pattern and outcomes of this epidemic All patients presenting to Accident & Emergency Departments (AED) of the major public hospitals on the island as well as specially commissioned clinics were the sources used to find cases. Data from private hospitals was logistically difficult to gather. The WHO definition of a suspected dengue case was used in this study. Data collected include: demographic data, symptomology, location, platelet count, and haematocrit. Univariate analyses were conducted and means and proportions were reported with appropriate dispersion measures. We identified 4099 suspected dengue cases which represented 86% of cases collected by the Ministry of Health. The majority of cases (3473, 84.7%) were managed in a primary care setting while 626 patients were admitted for inpatient hospital care resulting in a hospital admission rate of 15.3%. The epidemic of 2010 had a bimodal distribution by age when divided into four age categories with children 0-5 years (849, 20.7%) and adults 20 years and older (2287, 55.7%), the age group 0-5 years had the highest proportion among all other age groups emphasizing that in this epidemic children were at greater risk than adults. This is the second largest epidemic of DF to occur over the past 16 years with children0-5 years being the predominant group affected.

      PubDate: Wed, 09 Oct 2013 17:26:27 GMT
       
  • Blood BUN and creatinine level in the cases with novel H7N9 influenza
           infection

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Saksena Nerama.
      N/A

      PubDate: Sat, 17 Aug 2013 22:53:49 GMT
       
  • Acute renal failure in E.coli O104:H4: a review

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Setthi Sutthi.
      The present outbreak of E.coli in Europe is the important global medical problem. The causative agent is E.coli O104:H4 which is considered pathogenic. The induction of renal impairment is observed. In this brief state-of-art review, the author summarizes the available evidences for acute renal failure in E.coli O104: H4 infection.

      PubDate: Wed, 14 Aug 2013 06:20:28 GMT
       
  • Screening for malaria and hepatitis C in blood donor in India: an issue on
           cost effectiveness

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Sirinath Nimmus, Amaritha Prakashita.
      Screening for infectious pathogen in donated blood is an important issue in transfusion medicine. In tropical world, the important concern is on the tropical blood infections. Due to the limitation on resource in developing countries, it is usually questionable on the cost effectiveness of screening for tropical infections. In this short article, the authors discuss on cost effectiveness of Screening for malaria and hepatitis C in blood donor in India.

      PubDate: Sun, 07 Jul 2013 07:27:48 GMT
       
  • Vaccination for malaria: a brief review

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Nicholas Nimmus, Prakashita Amaritha.
      Mosquito borne infectious disease is an important group of disease worldwide. Vaccination is available for some tropical mosquito-borne diseases, especially for Japanese encephalitis virus infection and yellow fever. However, there is no available vaccine for malaria at present. In this article, the authors briefly review the issues on vaccination for malaria.

      PubDate: Mon, 27 May 2013 21:27:56 GMT
       
  • H7N9 influenza and diabetes mellitus

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Beuy Joob.
      In this specific letter, the author discuss on the present global concern on new atypical influenza, H7N9 influenza. The interrelationship between H7N9 influenza infection and diabetes mellitus is specifically focused in this letter.

      PubDate: Tue, 14 May 2013 04:18:55 GMT
       
  • Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant/sensitive Staphylococcus aureus
           among students in Faculty of Medical Sciences, Duhok University

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Najim Abdulla yassin, Ayman Othman Hassan.
      Since, medical students take the applied medical education in the hospital units they can become colonized with various pathogen microorganisms and can propagate these bacteria to other health personnel and patients. This study aimed to research MRSA/MSSA carriage in the nose and evaluation of their antibiotic susceptibility tests among students of various schools in faculty of medical sciences, Duhok University, Iraq. For this purpose, a total of 284 students from nursing, medical, dentistry and pharmacy school taking medical education were included in the research. The nose swab samples taken from students were examined through microbiological methods. All the isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by the disk diffusion technique according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines on Muller Hinton Agar. The prevalence of S aureus was 26(9.2%) over total number of nasal swabs examined, of them 13(50%) were methicillin-resistant S aureus MRSA, where, high prevalence were recorded among nursing 8(72.7%) followed by medical students 3 (37.5%). MRSA expressed high frequency of resistance to ampicillin, cefixime and amoxicillin and high percentage of resistance collectively to all antibiotics used were recorded particularly among students of nursing school. Generally, methicillin-sensitive S aureus MSSA exhibited low percentage of resistance collectively to all antibiotics used particularly among students of medical school. A total of 3 distinct resistotype patterns were obtained with isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; predominant resistotype was 3. This study highlighted that students submitted in faculty of medical sciences might have been contaminated with MSSA/MRSA during clinical practice. That MSSA/MRSA being an important pathogen is seen in students taking a medical education.

      PubDate: Mon, 13 May 2013 07:33:37 GMT
       
  • Potential Social, economic, and health impacts of dengue on Florida.

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      O&#;Shea J, Niekus MR.
      The analysis conducted represents an attempt to understand the social, economic and health impacts of dengue in Florida. Dengue is a rising (yet not widely recognized) threat that may have great social and economic effects. Although there is historical evidence on the potential scope of the impact of dengue, the absence of recent epidemics may have lead to complacency. In addition, public health budgets have been cut or at best been reduced and relevant research is hampered, with field surveillance and vector control feeling the strain between the rising number of cases and the limited resources. Given a lack of data, a proxy dataset for the United States (based on data from the World Health Organization (WHO) DengueNet using a regression plane) was used to estimate potential dengue events in the United States. Using a population breakdown in accordance with the January 10.C/50.F isotherm (given the year-round survival of Adeas Aegypti, the principal mosquito vector of dengue viruses), the number of Florida cases was estimated. Using a measure of Gross Domestic Production (GDP), the direct medical and non-medical cost, indirect cost, and induced cost were estimated (in terms of production foregone due to a loss of employed labor years) for both the U.S. and Florida. The research findings come to an average of 77.3 employed labor years lost for the U.S. with 22.6 employed labor years in Florida for a total average of $12.7 million and $2.75 million, respectively. However, given the skewness of the probability for potential dengue outbreaks, it is even more important to examine the risk of larger and thus more costly impacts of dengue. It is estimated that the cost for the U.S. could run from $55.6 million to well over $78.6 million, whereas the cost for Florida could run from $12 million to $17⅔ million (ranges per the 95% and 97.5% one-sided confidence intervals). Not researched (and thus not included in the total costs mentioned) are the present production and allocation of resources for research, surveillance and vector control for dengue. Also not included are production losses in the case of potential deaths due to dengue. Recommended are diligence in prevention, better public risk awareness, the education of health care workers and training of physicians, nurses and laboratory staff in the management of dengue patients and the treatment of emerging infectious diseases, including emergency response.

      PubDate: Sun, 21 Apr 2013 05:07:30 GMT
       
  • Antibiograming Profiles of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Various
           Clinical Specimens in Duhok City, Iraq

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Najim Abdulla yassin, Alaa Muyassar Ahmad, Halima Hassan Mohammed.
      Summary The emergence of multidrug resistance in Gram-positive bacteria is a particularly important development. Perhaps the pathogen of greatest concern is Staphylococcus aureus, because of its intrinsic virulence. The objective of this study was undertaken to find out the frequency of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from various clinical specimens and to evaluate their antibiotic susceptibility patterns among outpatients visited Central Health Laboratory in Duhok city, Iraq. For this purpose, a total of 786 various clinical specimens were collected involved urine, pus, high vaginal swab, wound swab, middle ear swab, throat swab, fluids, blood and stool. The samples were analyzed by screened on Blood, Mannitol salt, MacConkey and Nutrient agar followed by the identification of the isolates based on their cultural characteristics and their reactions in standard biochemical tests. All the isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by the disk diffusion technique according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines on Muller Hinton Agar. 203 (25.8%) specimen yielded positive culture of Staphylococcus aureus. The highest occurrence was recorded in urine155 (76.4%), followed by 19(9.4%) in pus, 16 (7.8%) in high vaginal swab, 10 (4.9%) in wound swab, 2 (1%) in middle ear swab and 1(0.5%) in throat swab. On other hand, no positive culture was recorded among blood cultures, stool and fluids specimens (semen, ascetic and cerebrospinal fluid). The overall susceptibility test results were variable; amikacin, gentamicin and doxycycline exhibited high susceptibility rates among over specimens, in addition to nitrofurantoin in urine isolates alone. The lowest susceptibility rates occurred with amoxicillin, amoxiclav, erythromycin, cefotaxime, cefixime, co-trimaxozole and cefuroxime in current study. This study highlighted the occurrence and importance of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains among different clinical specimens in study area.

      PubDate: Thu, 07 Mar 2013 00:54:27 GMT
       
  • A survey of potential risk factors associated with cystic echinococcosis
           in pastoral communities in Kasese distract, Uganda

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Nyakarahuka Luke, Ejobi Francis, Lalobo O Micheal, Kankya Clovice, Siefert Ludwig, Ocaido Micheal.
      This study was conducted in Kasese district in Uganda. This district borders Queen Elizabeth National Park and is inhabited by Basongora and Bakonzo pastoral communities. Our objective was to identify factors associated with Cystic Echinococcosis (CE), a parasitic neglected zoonotic disease. It is transmitted to man via eggs of a tapeworm found in dogs’ feces whereas livestock act as intermediate hosts. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study. Three hundred and eighty four (384) respondents selected by systematic sampling using a sampling frame provided by the local government authorities. A structured questionnaire was developed, pre-tested and administered to the study respondents. In addition, key informants were identified and interviewed, and focused group discussions (FGD) were held. Quantitative data were entered in Epi Info® statistical software and exported to STATA® Version 11.2 for statistical analysis. Logistic regression and multivariate analysis were performed. Content analysis was performed on qualitative data. Factors identified as potential risk factors for CE included dog ownership with 64.0%(244/384), presence of stray dogs with 99.2%(381/384), absence of dog de-worming with 91.7%(352/384), home slaughtering of animals with 82.8%(318/384), no hand washing with 89.3%(332/384), not boiling drinking water with 78.9%(302/384) and feeding uncooked infected organs to dogs with 54.4%(209/384). All these listed factors were statistically significant using odds ratios with a p-value < 0.001.We conclude that predisposing factors are many in pastoral communities studied. There is need to educate these communities on transmission, prevention, and control of this disease

      PubDate: Wed, 06 Mar 2013 03:13:20 GMT
       
  • Sexual risky behaviors and condom use among students in Kenyan
           Universities.

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Magu D, Wanzala P, Mutugi M, Ndahi L, Gathara D.
      The youth accounted for approximately 50% of new HIV infections across the globe (UNAIDS, 2008). Lack of condom use is associated with the HIV/STI risks. SSA have majority of the youth with multiple partners during the previous 12 months though in 2000, condom use has increased by 10% (UNICEF, 2010). A cross sectional study was conducted during the month of August 2011 to February 2012. During data analysis, Chi square and multivariate analysis were used. There was no significant association between gender and first sexual intercourse at the Universities P= 0.275. There was significant relationship between gender and condom use at the Universities P

      PubDate: Wed, 27 Feb 2013 01:26:51 GMT
       
  • Rabies vaccination in special scenarios: a review

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2013
      Source:Advance Tropical Medicine and Public Health International
      Starry Joob.
      Rabies is a viral encephalitis with high fatality. Post exposure vaccination is the standard practice for rabies exposure. In this article, the author will review the rabies vaccination in special scenarios. The situation in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected cases, pregnant cases and infantile cases will be focused and reviewed.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Jan 2013 20:18:59 GMT
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2015