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Journal Cover Migration Studies
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 2049-5838 - ISSN (Online) 2049-5846
     Published by Oxford University Press (OUP) Homepage  [310 journals]
  • Migration Studies Volume 2 * Number 2 * July 2014 - Front Cover
    • Pages: i1 - i1
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu010|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu010
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Editorial Board
    • Pages: i2 - i2
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu006|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu006
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Subscriptions
    • Pages: i3 - i3
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu014|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu014
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Migration Studies - Back Cover
    • Pages: i4 - i4
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu002|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu002
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Migration Studies Volume 2 Number 2 July 2014 - Table of Content
    • Pages: i5 - i5
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu018|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu018
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Public attitudes toward immigration in turbulent times
    • Authors: Zamora-Kapoor, A; Verea, M.
      Pages: 131 - 134
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:30-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu034|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu034
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • The relationship between ethnic threat and economic insecurity in times of
           economic crisis: Analysis of European Social Survey data
    • Authors: Billiet, J; Meuleman, B, De Witte, H.
      Pages: 135 - 161
      Abstract: This study analyses the relationship between attitudes toward immigration and deteriorating economic conditions in times of crisis. We examine three questions: First, how are a vulnerable position in the labour market and recent changes to an individual’s economic situation related to perceived ethnic threat' Second, what is the role of the nation’s economic and immigration context' Last, are relationships at the individual level between economic conditions and perceived ethnic threat affected by contextual variables' Data from 23 countries sampled in the fifth round of the European Social Survey (ESS-5, 2010) is used. At the micro level, unemployment, job insecurity and income deprivation during the three years prior to the survey affect perceived ethnic threat, as predicted by group conflict theory. These effects are, however, relatively small. Among the contextual variables, only growth in gross domestic product (GDP) shows an effect in the expected direction: perceived threat is higher in countries where GDP growth is lower. However, the study design does not allow the conclusion that changes in the economic context lead to changes in attitudes toward immigrants. The significant cross-level interaction for economic growth indicates that the threat-inducing effect of unemployment is stronger in contexts where the growth in GDP is high. This finding contradicts our hypothesis. One could explain this by the emergence of a generalized feeling of economic insecurity in countries severely hit by the economic crisis. In these countries, strong feelings of economic insecurity—and the resulting levels of perceived ethnic threat—might also be present among those who are employed, thereby diminishing the gap between them and the unemployed.
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:30-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu023|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu023
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Visibility and votes: A spatial analysis of anti-immigrant voting in
    • Authors: Valdez; S.
      Pages: 162 - 188
      Abstract: The mechanisms by which negative attitudes toward immigrants become votes for anti-immigrant parties are not fully understood. Yet, voting for political parties with anti-immigrant platforms is arguably the most common expression of these sentiments in Europe. I use anti-immigrant attitudes as a starting point and hypothesize that superficial intergroup contact, or immigrant ‘visibility’, brings these attitudes to the fore as politically salient. A spatial analysis of electoral data from each polling station in Sweden for the 2010 parliamentary election (n= 5,688) provides support for the hypothesis. Much of the variance in district-level voting can be accounted for by the percent of non-western residents in adjacent neighborhoods. The findings suggest that the probability of anti-immigrant attitudes translating into votes increases in neighborhoods where residents are likely to have fleeting contact with immigrants and I test this further with a city-level case study. I collected observational data on the visibility of non-westerners in a mid-size Swedish city and find that votes for the Sweden Democrats are above the national average where immigrants are most visible. Furthermore, the effect of non-western residents on anti-immigrant voting is most pronounced in regions without histories of significant non-western immigration, suggesting that the negative effects of superficial contact diminish over time.
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:30-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu029|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu029
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Good code bad code: Exploring the immigration-nation dialectic through
           media coverage of the Herouxville 'Code of Life' document
    • Authors: Pottie-Sherman, Y; Wilkes, R.
      Pages: 189 - 211
      Abstract: The media is widely held as a force that both shapes and reflects how citizens think about immigrants and immigration. This article explores two recent developments in the literature on media coverage of immigrants and immigration: the application of Hegelian dialectical theory to the study of discourses about immigration; and a debate concerning the shift from outright racism to subtler forms of ‘new racism’ and its implications for media coverage. The former development views the media as embodying oppositional constructions of ‘us’ and ‘them’, and argues that we stand to learn much about national self-conception by interrogating media narratives about immigration. The latter development suggests that while there have been progressive changes in the field of journalism, negative constructions of racialized immigrant Others persist in new forms. Here, we consider the intersection between these two developments. We adopt the dialectical approach to examine media coverage of the town of Hérouxville, Quebec’s 2007 publication of a ten-page warning about the ‘limits to accommodation’. Because it was written by ‘non-immigrants’ the publication of this document provides an ideal case with which to consider the ‘us’ side. We find that the media framed the document and its authors as racist and anti-immigrant, thereby inscribing a (problematic) definition of the ‘us’ side as being multicultural and anti-racist.
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:30-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnt002|hwp:master-id:migration;mnt002
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Were political elite attitudes toward immigration securitized after 11
           September' Survey evidence from the European Parliament
    • Authors: Lahav, G; Messina, A. M, Vasquez, J. P.
      Pages: 212 - 234
      Abstract: Many immigration scholars either implicitly or explicitly agree that the post-11 September 2001 period is witness to a ‘problematization’ and ‘securitization’ of immigration that is new in its scope and scale. In this view, 11 September is perceived as a critical juncture in and a major accelerant of the process of securitizing immigration in Europe and the United States. Against this backdrop and drawing upon data gathered from our original 1993 and 2004 surveys of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) we investigate in this article if and to what extent the purported securitization of immigration in post-11 September Europe is reflected in the self-reported immigration-related attitudes of MEPs, parliamentarians who are now central actors in forging a common immigrant and immigration policy in Europe. As our following analysis of the data demonstrates, MEP attitudes in the aggregate were not significantly altered by 11 September. In the face of catastrophic events in the international security environment MEP opinion and policy preferences held relatively constant over time. Moreover, contrary to our expectations and in contradiction of a core tenet of securitization theory, MEPs in 2004, as in 1993, were not especially inclined to view immigration through the prism of either national or European security. Rather, our findings suggest the differential effects of security events on elite attitudes on matters of immigration, thus compelling us to adopt a more nuanced view of security as it is linked to different national conceptions and aspects of immigration policies.
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:30-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnt013|hwp:master-id:migration;mnt013
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Old poison in new security bottles: Contemporary immigration restriction
           and the detention regime
    • Authors: Jacobson, R. D; Durden, T. E.
      Pages: 235 - 254
      Abstract: The state-led immigration laws of 2010 and 2011 are but the most recent examples of anti-immigrant activity which cycles throughout the United States’ history. This article addresses why particular states passed anti-immigration legislation and why all the policies center on criminal penalties and enhanced enforcement. We argue that partisan control and specific demographic changes in the context of increased national attention to immigration help explain the origins of the state immigration restriction laws. Additionally, to explain the content of these pieces of legislation, we argue that these policies centered on criminal penalties and enhanced enforcement because of a larger political narrative that privileges crime as a central mode of governing. The governing regime of crime and security control provides narratives about sovereign power and economic interests, embodied in the detention industry, that determine the specific content of state level legislation that furthers the criminalization of the immigrant.
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:30-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnt020|hwp:master-id:migration;mnt020
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Measuring xenophobia: Social desirability and survey mode effects
    • Authors: D'Ancona; M. A. C.
      Pages: 255 - 280
      Abstract: The literature on sensitive questions shows that the survey mode affects the answers obtained. This acquires special relevance when measuring racism and xenophobia. This article offers the results of a quasi-experimental survey comparing three survey modes: 1) the conventional face-to-face survey; 2) a modified face-to-face condition where respondents answered a subset of questions in a self-administered form; 3) a completely non-interviewer condition where questionnaires were first handed out for the interviewees to fill in on their own, and collected on another agreed date. Consistent with our hypothesis, some support for the social desirability bias and survey mode effects was obtained. Self-administration of questionnaires encouraged declarations of xenophobia, but more so when subtle or indirect scales of rejection versus acceptance of immigrants were used. The drawback was the under-representation of respondents with a low level of education in self-administered methods. Contrary to our expectations, less educated respondents were affected by the survey mode.
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnt014|hwp:master-id:migration;mnt014
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Border Vigils: Keeping Migrants Out of the Rich World. By Jeremy Harding
    • Authors: Wolf; S.
      Pages: 281 - 282
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnt007|hwp:master-id:migration;mnt007
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • Every Twelve Seconds. By Timothy Pachirat
    • Authors: Feldman; L.
      Pages: 283 - 285
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mns034|hwp:master-id:migration;mns034
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
  • The Citizen and the Other: New Directions in Research on the Migration and
           Citizenship Nexus
    • Authors: Barrett, J; Sigona, N.
      Pages: 286 - 294
      PubDate: 2014-07-23T04:18:31-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu039|hwp:master-id:migration;mnu039
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014)
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