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Journal Cover Migration Studies
  [11 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2049-5838 - ISSN (Online) 2049-5846
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [364 journals]
  • Moving inkblots: Interpreting images of immigration
    • Authors: Gamlen A.
      Abstract: ‘That looks to me like two elephants making love to a men’s glee club’, revealed Woody Allen’s character, Virgil Starkwell, in the 1969 mockumentary Take the Money and Run, when presented by a psychoanalyst with a simple, accidental inkblot picture. Inkblot tests have been used to study states of mind at least since the Renaissance, and were made famous in the early twentieth century by the Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach, who used them to analyse everything from cultural difference to schizophrenia. Though widely lampooned, the method relies on a sound premise: when you interpret something you often project our own pathological state of mind upon it.
      PubDate: 2016-12-17
  • Migration Studies Volume 4 • Number 3 • November 2016 - Front
    • PubDate: 2016-12-17
  • Subscriptions
    • PubDate: 2016-12-17
  • Migration Studies - Back Cover
    • PubDate: 2016-12-17
  • Migration Studies Volume 4 Number 3 November 2016 - Table of Contents
    • PubDate: 2016-12-17
  • Residential assimilation of immigrants: A cohort approach
    • Authors: Maré DC; Pinkerton RM, Poot J.
      Abstract: This paper demonstrates the importance of distinguishing between successive arrival cohorts when assessing the impact of residential assimilation of immigrants on the spatial distribution of the population. We consider three cohorts of immigrants from each of five countries of birth entering Auckland, New Zealand, between 1991 and 2006. The paper tracks and compares changes in spatial isolation, segregation and autocorrelation for these cohorts over time, using index measures that are adjusted for population-weighted random spatial sorting. We find evidence of residential assimilation, whereby immigrants become less spatially concentrated in the years following arrival. Overall concentration has nevertheless been increasing over time, with successive cohorts entering with higher levels of initial concentration. By examining the spatial location patterns of arrival cohorts, we show that entering cohorts are attracted to the current rather than initial locations occupied by the previous cohort of their compatriots. Despite differences across cohorts and over time, there is nevertheless a high degree of stability in the ‘residential footprint’ of different immigrant groups within Auckland.
      PubDate: 2016-12-17
  • Ambulatory disability among immigrants from China, India, and Mexico:
           Exploration of heterogeneity in ‘immigrant advantage’
    • Authors: Siordia C; Bhatta T.
      Abstract: Prior studies on immigrant advantage in health have mostly focused on Hispanics with limited attention to immigrants from Asian countries. Significant increase of immigrants from China and India in recent decades highlights the need to understand prevalence and risk of adverse health outcomes among these immigrants groups. Such evidence is essential for the formulation of more inclusive public health policies. This study explores ‘immigrant advantage’ and potential heterogeneity in the prevalence and risk of ambulatory disability (difficulty with walking or climbing steps) by the duration of exposure to societal influence in the US. We compare immigrants from China, India, and Mexico to their counterparts born in the United States (US) by using information from the American Community Survey (ACS) Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) 5-year-file from 2008-2012. The sample of community dwelling adults, aged 25–64, is made up of 860,482 people residing in the US. Prevalence and risk is estimated using a complex grouping scheme that accounts for the age at time of entry to US and years in US since immigration. We observe an immigrant advantage in the prevalence of and risk for ambulatory disability. We also document heterogeneity in the immigrant health advantage by timing and length of exposure to US society. At a same level of exposure, we observe greater risk for ambulatory disability for those arriving early in life. Future public health policies should be cognizant of the role of exposure in producing heterogeneity in the prevalence of ambulatory disability among immigrants of Asian origin.
      PubDate: 2016-10-22
  • Protection options for trafficked persons in Canada: The need for a more
           coordinated approach
    • Authors: Baglay S.
      Abstract: This paper compares the protection available to victims of transborder trafficking using two mechanisms in Canada: the assistance program for victims of trafficking and refugee law. It argues that the two mechanisms should be viewed as parts of a larger protection framework, connected by a common referral system whereby a trafficked person could obtain information and legal advice on both options at the time of their initial contact with the authorities.
      PubDate: 2016-10-19
  • Baby boomer migration and demographic change in US metropolitan areas
    • Authors: Walker KE.
      Abstract: In recent years, the popular media has suggested an emerging ‘back-to-the-city’ migration trend among baby boomers that are presumably electing to migrate to large cities and urban cores. These assertions conflict with the general association in the academic literature between retirement and migration to rural or non-metropolitan areas. This paper tests this ‘back-to-the-city’ hypothesis through aggregate-level analysis of Census data on baby boomer demographic trends and logistic regression modeling of the relationships between baby boomer demographics and their destination choices, using IPUMS ACS microdata. Analysis of Census data suggests that large metropolitan areas tended to lose baby boomers during the 2000s, and that high-growth areas for baby boomers are generally located in the outer suburbs of metropolitan areas; however, some neighborhoods very near to downtowns experienced significant growth as well. Logistic regression of baby boomer migrants’ destination choices suggests that retirement migration is still associated with moves away from large metropolitan areas; however, among within-metropolitan migrants, high levels of income and education are associated with moves downtown. As such, it appears that downtowns of large cities are emerging as an option for ‘amenity’ baby boomer migrants, and an alternative to the traditional rural destinations characteristic of retirement migration.
      PubDate: 2016-09-15
  • Deportation and detention: Interdisciplinary perspectives, multi-scalar
           approaches, and new methodological tools
    • Authors: Hiemstra N.
      Abstract: This essay reviews six recent texts published regarding migrant deportation and detention: research based monographs by Mary Bosworth, Nick Gill, Tanya Maria Golash-Boza, Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia, and Tom K. Wong, and an interdisciplinary collection edited by Daniel Kanstroom and M. Brinton Lykes. Each book, individually, makes an important contribution to scholarship on immigration enforcement policies and practices. Read together, the books provide an outstanding overview of the causes and consequences of these policies and practices across national contexts and disciplinary boundaries, as well as challenges to altering them.
      PubDate: 2016-08-29
  • Border enforcement, biophysical violence, and the ambiguities of
           humanitarian intervention in the borderlands of the global North
    • Authors: Williams JM.
      Abstract: AlbahariMaurizio. 2015. Crimes of Peace: Mediterranean Migrations at the World's Deadliest Border.Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
      PubDate: 2016-08-19
  • Migrant agency: Negotiating borders and migration controls
    • Authors: Mainwaring Ċ.
      Abstract: Policy, media, activist and academic discourses often portray migrants and refugees in the extreme, as victims or villains. This portrayal obscures the agency demonstrated by migrants and refugees and evidenced in their own accounts of their journeys. It also reifies the power of the state to ‘secure’ borders and control migration, and conceals the contested politics of mobility and security visible in negotiations between migrants, borders guards, smugglers, fishermen, and other actors. In this article, I take an ethnographic approach and conceptualize the border from the bottom up as a contested site of negotiation. The analysis reveals the ways in which migrants negotiate with their smugglers, amongst themselves, and with border guards in order to circumvent state controls when entering the state clandestinely. In doing so, it questions traditional conceptualizations of sovereignty, security and citizenship. The article then analyses how migrants continue to demonstrate agency after arrival within state territories and how this agency can have an impact not only on micro, everyday encounters, but also on the macro level: my research demonstrates how migrant agency can have causal and constitutive effects on state relations and power. The article draws on participant observation and over 130 interviews I conducted with migrants, refugees, fishermen, NGO representations, and policymakers between 2007 and 2015 in Malta and Cyprus.
      PubDate: 2016-07-21
  • All in the family: Family-member migration and the psychosocial health of
           children in Georgia
    • Authors: Vanore M.
      Abstract: Over the past decade, the well-being of children in geographically-dispersed, transnational families has inspired increasing interest from scholars, yet little research has explored the psychosocial health of children living in such family arrangements in high-migration countries in Eastern Europe. In many countries in the region, large-scale emigration that began in the immediate post-Soviet years has incited intense discourses on the potential impacts of migration on child well-being, yet little research has explored the phenomenon. Georgia is one such country that has experienced high migration, with over one-quarter of its population thought to reside abroad in 2010. Using survey data collected in Georgia in 2012 (CELB-GE), this study compares the psychosocial health outcomes of children with and without migrant family members (n = 1,282) using a measure of psychosocial health derived from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Sequential quantile regression analyses are used to compare child psychosocial health outcomes along the conditional score distribution. The results suggest that migration is only marginally correlated to child psychosocial health. Children with migrant family members did not have worse SDQ outcomes than children without migrant family members, regardless of who specifically (a mother, father, grandparent, or other kin) had migrated. In contrast, other factors such as being verbally abused by a caregiver or living in a contested territory corresponded to significantly worse outcomes among children. These results suggest that the role of migration in influencing child psychosocial health is likely minor compared to other aspects of a child’s life such as quality of care giving.
      PubDate: 2016-07-08
  • Migrants in Translation. Caring and the Logics of Difference in
           Contemporary Italy, Christiana Giordano
    • Authors: Terrio SJ.
      Abstract: Migrants in Translation. Caring and the Logics of Difference in Contemporary Italy. By GiordanoChristiana. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 2014. 288 pp.
      PubDate: 2016-06-20
  • Migration studies in Mexico: Interdisciplinary studies for a multi-tiered
    • Authors: Schiavon JA.
      Abstract: This review essay analyzes the different migration programs in Mexico, and argues that migration studies have to evolve with the changing migratory reality, developing from studying Mexican emigration to the United States from a disciplinary perspective to analyzing regional migratory systems (North and Central America and the Caribbean) from a comprehensive (emigration, immigration, transit and return migration), comparative (in time and space), and interdisciplinary perspective.
      PubDate: 2016-05-24
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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