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Journal Cover Migration Studies
  [15 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2049-5838 - ISSN (Online) 2049-5846
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Social class and international migration: Female migrants’ narratives of
           social mobility and social status
    • Authors: Cederberg M.
      Pages: 149 - 167
      Abstract: It is well established that international migration involves not only geographical but also social mobility, as migrants achieve an improved socioeconomic position through increased economic opportunities, or experience downwards mobility as a result of not being able to transfer their economic, social or educational resources to the receiving country context. While the social mobility that accompanies migration is often considered in the migration literature, the implications for migrants' social class positioning has been less of a focus. This paper addresses this gap by looking at how female migrants in the UK evaluate social class trajectories as part of their biographical narratives. The paper brings wider sociological debates about class into a discussion about female migrants' socioeconomic trajectories and social status. By considering material as well as symbolic aspects of class divisions along with the transnational context in which migrants are embedded, the paper highlights the complexity of how migrants are positioned in class terms. It also looks at how class is subjectively interpreted, and outlines different ways in which migrants evaluate their class trajectories, for instance by conceiving of migration from a long-term perspective and in the context of the family unit, by emphasising different quality-of-life aspects, and by challenging dominant meanings associated with class hierarchies. The paper emphasises the intersection of class and gender in female migrants' experiences, and argues that exploring subjective accounts of class provide useful insights into the complexity of how class is experienced in the context of international migration.
      PubDate: 2017-01-06
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnw026
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Migrants’ pursuit of happiness: An analysis of the effects of
           adaptation, social comparison and economic integration on subjective
           well-being on the basis of German panel data for 1990–2014
    • Authors: Melzer S; Muffels RJ.
      Pages: 190 - 215
      Abstract: German reunification provides a unique opportunity to investigate the effects of migration on subjective well-being (SWB) on the basis of longitudinal pre- and post-migration data. Our main goal is to assess the effects of adaptation, social comparison and economic integration on the change in SWB associated with migration from eastern to western Germany after the German reunification of 1990. We expect that gains or losses in SWB after migration are influenced by how migrants adapt to their new economic conditions, with whom they compare themselves and how well they integrate economically (as indicated by their relative income position) into the new society. We estimate fixed-effects generalized least squares regressions using Socio-Economic Panel data for the period 1990–2014. The results indicate a positive and strong effect of migration on SWB, both for men and women, which results in part from the higher incomes migrants earn in the new society. In line with the Easterlin paradox, our results show that general income increases do not generate equivalent gains in SWB because of processes of adaptation and social comparison. For migrating men the increase in SWB is diminished significantly by a dissatisfaction resulting from comparing their income with that of their new peers in western Germany and that of their former peers in eastern Germany. The change in SWB of migrating women and men is much more dependent on social comparison than on economic integration.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnx021
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • ‘Getting angry with honest people’: The illicit market for immigrant
           ‘papers’ in Cape Town, South Africa
    • Authors: Alfaro-Velcamp T; McLaughlin RH, Brogneri G, et al.
      Pages: 216 - 236
      Abstract: South African Department of Home Affairs (DHA) officials ‘seem to get angry with honest people’, shared a Congolese immigrant from the Kivu region who now resides in Cape Town. Some DHA officials get money through illicit transactions for ‘papers’ and they become visibly frustrated with immigrants who try to obtain documents by lawful means. While there has been much focus on xenophobia associated with immigration in South Africa, there has been little attention paid to the illicit market in immigrant papers such as asylum seeker permits (Section 22 permits), refugee status permits (Section 24 permits), and work permits. These immigrant documents assist individuals—namely those who otherwise lack status, or ‘papers’, or both—to obtain abilities to work, travel safely, register themselves or their children for school, access non-emergency healthcare, and gain banking privileges. In providing an account of the market in immigrant papers, the article focuses on how these documents relate to status and survival. By purchasing papers in Cape Town, immigrants (referring to asylum seekers, refugees, and cross border migrants) aim to secure their legal status and gain productive agency in their lives. This paper is based on an ethnographic research methodology and participant observation, and shows how immigration challenges South Africa’s post-apartheid, constitutionally-mandated socio-economic rights and democratic aims and has fostered an illicit market in immigrant documents. This work furthers debates on immigration governance in the global south, corruption in state institutions, and the vulnerability of immigrants.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnx022
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Poor and on the move: South–South migration and poverty in Cambodia
    • Authors: Bylander M.
      Pages: 237 - 266
      Abstract: This article examines a central idea in migration theory—that the poorest of the poor are generally less likely to migrate internationally than those with greater resources. Research supporting this claim is largely based on South–North movements, thus raising the question of whether such patterns apply to cross-border movements within the Global South. This paper extends our understanding of migration selection by examining the relationship between poverty, relative wealth, and migration within two South–South corridors: Cambodia–Thailand, where most migration is undocumented; and Cambodia–Malaysia, where movement largely occurs through official recruitment channels. Drawing on nationally representative data from the Cambodia Socio-Economic Surveys (2009, 2010, 2011) it finds that migration to Thailand is highly ‘pro-poor’ in terms of its selection while migration to Malaysia is markedly not. This finding can be read as suggesting the existence of a trade-off between highly regulated and ‘pro-poor’ migrant selection. Where worker-borne costs of migration are high and migration processes formalized, the poor are less likely to participate in cross-border movement. Thus increased moves to manage/regulate migration may unwittingly constrain mobility options for the poor.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnx026
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Migration and asylum statistics as a basis for European border control
    • Authors: Takle M.
      Pages: 267 - 285
      Abstract: This article shows how the Migration Statistics Regulation plays a central role in EU/Schengen external border control. It develops and applies an analytical framework, which shows analogies between how historical nation states produced statistics as a basis for politics and the harmonisation of European migration and asylum statistics. In contrast to national processes, the Migration Statistics Regulation aims to harmonise statistics from established national administrative traditions. The first part shows how the Member States have agreed on the application of common statistical categories, but they have not reached agreements on how to measure migration. As long as different measurement techniques constitute the basis of comparability, the statistics used as basis for European external border control remain incomplete. The second part examines how statistical information is used in the management of border control. While Eurostat is responsible for coordinating statistics, Frontex, EASO and eu-LISA have gained the tasks of managing new types of migration and asylum statistics. This implies new combinations of performing operative tasks with the management of statistics at European level. Moreover, the statistics have increasingly become the basis for calculating funding allocation and relocation of asylum seekers among Member States. While EU Member States harmonise the statistics on migration and asylum, this does not mean that the countries harmonise their understanding of the phenomenon. When EU institutions use incomplete statistics to legitimate migration and asylum politics, this is not only a technical and practical problem. Behind this incompleteness, there are conceptual and political differences among the Member States.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnx028
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Lessons from China’s migrations
    • Authors: Liang Z; de Toledo Piza D.
      Pages: 288 - 299
      Abstract: Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora. Edited by Tan Chee-Beng. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2013. i–xvi + 506 pp. ISBN 978 0 415 60056 9.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnx027
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Education, migration, and earnings of Puerto Ricans on the island and US
           mainland: Impact, outcomes, and consequences of an economic crisis
    • Authors: Mora MT; Dávila A, Rodríguez H.
      Pages: 168 - 189
      Abstract: A long-standing and ongoing severe economic crisis, which was exacerbated in 2006 with the expiration of federal corporate income tax breaks, sharply deteriorating economic conditions, and the implementation of an unprecedented sales tax, resulted in a mass exodus of over half a million residents from Puerto Rico to the mainland between 2006 and 2014. This dramatic population shift has economic, demographic, and social implications for both the island and mainland, particularly if the net outmigration is not skill-neutral. Our study addresses whether higher-skilled or lower-skilled migrants were disproportionately represented in the net outmigration flow. Using public-use microdata from the American Community Survey and the Puerto Rican Community Survey, our findings suggest that the recent migration wave has not been characterized by a select group of highly educated individuals. Instead, the skill levels among migrants between the island and mainland have been volatile with respect to both observable and unobservable skills and other characteristics after 2006 (the latter being measured in terms of unexplained earnings differentials with non-Hispanic whites). Our findings also point to how rapidly net migration flows respond to changing economic and sociopolitical conditions between the island and mainland, and how skill-based migration continues to depend on systemic conditions between the regions.
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnw032
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
  • Teaching forced migration: Pedagogy in the context of global displacement
    • Authors: Clark-Kazak C.
      Pages: 286 - 287
      Abstract: In the context of the largest number of displaced people since World War II, undergraduate and graduate courses and programs in migration studies have increased. Drawing on my experiences as an interdisciplinary scholar and professor affiliated with York’s Centre for Refugee Studies, this essay will focus on pedagogical opportunities and challenges specifically in the dynamic field of forced migration studies. I argue that our policy relevance and interdisciplinarity are the source of both great strengths and creativity, but also of potential pitfalls.
      PubDate: 2016-05-28
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnw009
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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