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Journal Cover   Migration Studies
  [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2049-5838 - ISSN (Online) 2049-5846
   Published by Oxford University Press (OUP) Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Migration Studies - Back Cover
    • PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu061
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Migration Studies Volume 3 Number 2 July 2015 - Table of Content
    • PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu065
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Subscriptions
    • PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu064
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Editorial Board
    • PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu062
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Migration Studies Volume 3 * Number 2 * July 2015 - Front Cover
    • PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu063
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • The political choices of emigrants voting in home country elections: A
           socio-political analysis of the electoral behaviour of Bolivian external
    • Authors: Lafleur, J.-M; Sanchez-Dominguez, M.
      Pages: 155 - 181
      Abstract: What variables influence the electoral behaviour of citizens voting in home country elections from abroad? Despite the growing interest of migration scholars for the topic of external voting, this question remains largely unanswered. Basing ourselves on the existing political science literature on electoral behaviour and on the migration literature on immigrants' participation in host country politics, we isolate different hypotheses that explain emigrants' preferences in home country politics. We then build four models of voters based on these hypotheses: the social group voter, the ideological voter, the interest-driven voter, and the transnational voter. In the second part of the paper, we verify the validity of these models using the results of a survey carried out with Bolivian emigrants who took part in the 2009 Bolivian presidential election from abroad. Overall, this article identifies the drivers of immigrant transnational political participation and contributes to current debates on social remittances.
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:36-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu030
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Migration studies at a crossroads: A critique of immigration regime
    • Authors: Boucher, A; Gest, J.
      Pages: 182 - 198
      Abstract: International migration and its scientific examination have reached a crossroads. Today, migrants are pursuing opportunities in new destination societies with growing economies and different forms of governance from democratic states—transformations that complicate established understandings about national immigration models and their evolution. In light of these transformations, this article reviews the field of migration studies and its sketching of immigration patterns in the contemporary period. It critically examines existing systems of classification in a way that creates space for revised approaches. In doing so, this article identifies three key limitations with existing approaches. First, existing classifications largely focus on Western states, and especially traditional destination countries. Second, existing classifications are weakened by unclear or poorly defined indicators. Finally, even those classifications with improved indicators are hindered by approaches that examine admission and citizenship/settlement regimes independently of each other, ignoring a possible migration–integration policy nexus.
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:36-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu035
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Irregular but tolerated: Unauthorized immigration, elderly care
           recipients, and invisible welfare
    • Authors: Ambrosini; M.
      Pages: 199 - 216
      Abstract: Immigrant female and also male workers are increasingly involved in the supply of care services in the countries of the Global North, and they are especially so in elderly care. In the countries of southern Europe, but to an increasing extent also in countries like Germany and Austria, the care work of immigrants is embedded in a specific care regime. It is undertaken mainly in the recipients' households, often around the clock, and on a live-in basis, so that it supports a system in which the family remains the central locus of care delivery to frail people. Secondly, it employs a large number of workers irregular in regard to the employment relationship, and often also to their legal status. The paper will present the results of various research studies on the topic carried out in Italy within the time-span of a decade (2002–2012). It will discuss how irregular migration is in fact tolerated, when inserted in care work at the service of the growing needs of native families; how the system that I call "invisible welfare" works; and how immigrant care workers find possibilities of agency, despite the constraints of the legal order and the exploitation they often experience at work.
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu042
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • The academic achievements of immigrant youths in new destination
           countries: Evidence from southern Europe
    • Authors: Schnell, P; Azzolini, D.
      Pages: 217 - 240
      Abstract: This article examines academic achievements of immigrant youths in four new immigration countries: Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The analysis based on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) of 2009 and 2012 reveals large educational achievement gaps between immigrant children and natives in all four south European countries. The achievement gaps shrink substantially after accounting for differences in family backgrounds. The drawbacks faced by immigrant children in these four new immigration countries are due to fewer economic and material resources being available to them. On the other hand, the educational background of parents does not account for immigrant–native differences in academic performance. This stands in contrast to many traditional European immigration countries in which a lack of educational resources explains larger parts of the educational disadvantages of immigrant children. Our findings provide empirical evidence for the very precarious socio-economic integration of adult immigrants in new destination countries who, despite their relatively strong educational credentials, are placed into the lowest occupational positions. Such weak occupational attainments among the parental generation translate into a lack of material resources and investments available to families to foster their children’s education.
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu040
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Transnational journeys and the limits of hometown resources: Salvadoran
           migration in uncertain times
    • Authors: Brigden; N. K.
      Pages: 241 - 259
      Abstract: Central American migrants confront intensifying violence along the unauthorized routes through Mexico into the United States. Under these increasingly violent conditions, are some migrants better prepared to undertake clandestine journeys? Building on research on the social processes of migration, I initially expected to observe an accumulation of resources and safety advantage for migrants from a town with a long migration history, and I expected to find a role for market reputation in the stabilization of smuggling markets in that community. However, ethnographic fieldwork on human smuggling markets in two communities in El Salvador yielded surprising results. Between towns with divergent migration histories, I did not find differences in the information available to migrants or first hand reports from migrants about violence. I observed greater variation in financial resources at the level of the family than at the level of the community. Furthermore, social mechanisms played a greater enforcement role in migrant–smuggler contracts than did market mechanisms. To explain these surprising findings, I explore the social conditions of the hometowns and the dynamic conditions of the route. I argue that distrust undermines reciprocity in Salvadoran hometowns, thereby impeding the accumulation of financial resources for migration at the level of the community. I further argue that the rapidly changing landscape of the Mexican drug war exacerbates informational problems for migrants, eroding the utility of information passed even within trusted family networks. In so doing, I probe the limits of social capital under conditions of violent uncertainty.
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu044
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Enhancing the spirit of entrepreneurship: African labor migrants returning
           from Israel
    • Authors: Sabar, G; Pagis, M.
      Pages: 260 - 280
      Abstract: Contemporary studies on return migration express a growing interest in the cultural and social dimensions of its economic development. In this article we aim to extend this interest by focusing on economic values returning migrants bring back with them to their countries of origin, captured in what we call the ‘entrepreneurial spirit’. The article is based on in-depth ethnographic fieldwork with Sub-Saharan African labor migrants both in Israel and after their return to their country of origin. Utilizing a Weberian perspective on the connection between values and economic action, we illustrate that even though African migrants work in menial jobs in Israel and very few acquire professional training, they come to utilize Israel as an informal space for the enhancement of a ‘spirit of entrepreneurship’. This spirit contains three valuative transformations: a transformation concerning time (including a valuing of the future over the present); a transformation concerning individual action (replacing the primacy of community with a focus on individual flourishing); and a transformation in social relations (extending trust beyond friends and family to economic partners). These transformations are in line with economic values underlying a capitalist economic system. The expression of these value orientations acts as an important factor through which African countries have become increasingly interlinked and influenced by neoliberal culture. Yet, as the testimonies of African labor migrants reveal, local social structures reside side by side with this imported spirit of entrepreneurship. This hybridity may lead to increased opportunities, but also to feelings of estrangement and frustration.
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu045
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Mexican indigenous migrants in the United States: Labor, politics,
           culture, and transforming identities
    • Authors: Stephen; L.
      Pages: 281 - 291
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu041
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • The Ethics of Immigration. By Joseph H. Carens
    • Authors: Gibney; M. J.
      Pages: 292 - 294
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu046
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Martin Ruhs' The Price of Rights: Flexible accommodation vs.
           all-encompassing norms?
    • Authors: Alba; F.
      Pages: 295 - 298
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu049
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Martin Ruhs' The Price of Rights: Achievements and next steps for
           migration scholars
    • Authors: McKenzie; D.
      Pages: 299 - 301
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu050
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Opening borders and protecting migrants: A response to Francisco Alba and
           David McKenzie
    • Authors: Ruhs; M.
      Pages: 301 - 305
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu051
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: 306 - 306
      PubDate: 2015-07-07T23:32:37-07:00
      DOI: 10.1093/migration/mnu052
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
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