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Journal Cover Migration Studies
  [14 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2049-5838 - ISSN (Online) 2049-5846
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • North–South migrations and the asymmetric expulsions of late capitalism:
           Global inequality, arbitrage, and new dynamics of North–South
    • Authors: Hayes M; Pérez-Gañán R.
      Abstract: The last decade has witnessed the rise of North–South migration, often motivated by the increase in unemployment and financial insecurity in developed countries in the Global North. This article compares two such migrant populations in relation to one another: the lifestyle or retirement migration of North Americans, and the labour migration of skilled workers from Spain—both to destinations in Ecuador. These North–South migrations illustrate new logics of privileged transnationalism and illustrate the coloniality of contemporary regimes of mobility. The article draws on research results from two separate studies using similar forms of semi-structured qualitative interviews. North–South migrations at different phases of the life cycle demonstrate a systemic edge between late capitalist inclusion and expulsion, marked by asymmetries that reflect global inequalities. The decline of the institutions that favoured social inclusion, helped produce North–South migrations that unevenly affects the lives of people living in developing countries.
      PubDate: 2016-12-21
  • How reliable are survey estimates of remittances? Evidence from a
           cross-reporting survey exercise
    • Authors: Gibson J; McKenzie D.
      Abstract: Studies using aggregate data on international remittances are threatened by evidence that much of the rise in reported remittances is an artefact from changes in measurement. Since aggregate data may not be reliable, emphasis may shift to surveys, but survey data also are claimed to be unreliable. We examine survey reports of remittances made by Tongan immigrants in New Zealand and their ‘partner’ household in Tonga, defined as the household with either a parent or elder sibling of the immigrant. With this dyadic design, remitters and receivers are both questioned and should be reporting on the same remittance transactions (cash and in-kind) in terms of the amount sent or received, the month of the transaction, and the method used. The reports appear reliable, with an estimated reliability ratio of 0.9 for cash transfers, showing that 90% of measured variation is due to variation in the true but unknown data. Thus, provided that careful survey procedures are adhered to, one can obtain reliable data on such remittance transactions from surveys.
      PubDate: 2016-12-05
  • Reduction or deflection? The effect of asylum policy on interconnected
           asylum flows
    • Authors: Brekke J; Røed M, Schøne P.
      Abstract: In 2015 Europe experienced an almost unprecedented number of asylum arrivals. The result was a revitalization of both the political and academic debates on the relationship between asylum policies and arrivals. In this article we study the core of this debate, namely the effects of asylum policy on asylum flows. We examine what recent European history of asylum regimes and arrivals tells us. The policy changes are examined both with regard to their direct effect on the flows to the country that made the changes, and with regard to their impact on the inflows to other countries. Finally, we analyze the policy effect on the total outflow from the sending countries. The findings clearly suggest that both a direct effect and a deflection effect are at work. The results also indicate that stricter asylum policies in the destination clusters reduce the total outflow of asylum seekers.
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
  • The Continuing Shame of Europe: Discourses on migration policy in Germany
           and the UK
    • Authors: Vollmer BA.
      Abstract: This article considers the matter of death at the EU external border and provides some explanation for this phenomenon. From a historical policy perspective it will provide evidence and discussions of why and how the ‘shame of Europe’ has emerged. It traces back how the policy regime was established and why it prevails. A discourse analysis of policy developments in migration control will be used to look at two of the major players of the EU migration control apparatus: Germany and the United Kingdom. A deconstruction of the control regimes of irregular migration taking shape between 1973 and 1999 has generated evidence for three hegemonic shifts that contributed to the shame of Europe: (1) a conceptual shift that demonized irregular migrants and re-labelled them to enemies; (2) logics of urgency/necessity/speed; and (3) securitization and normalization.
      PubDate: 2016-11-23
  • ‘Doing’ capital: examining the relationship between immigrants’
           occupational engagement and symbolic capital
    • Authors: Huot S.
      Abstract: Globalization has enabled greater mobility and social change through the expansion and diversification of international migration. Following immigration, people become embedded within varying fields of practice. Within these fields, which have been described as social spaces or settings (e.g. workplace) that are characterized by particular norms, certain forms of capital including language skills or educational credentials may be more highly valued than others (Bourdieu 1977; Moore 2008; Thomson 2008). The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how the differential value of immigrants’ symbolic capital within the host societies’ fields influenced their engagement in daily occupations and shaped their socio-economic integration. It is argued that the misrecognition of capital contributes to symbolic violence experienced by immigrants who must subsequently engage in a range of occupations in order to regain forms of symbolic capital that are lost and devalued following immigration. A study was conducted with a multinational group of immigrants in London, Ontario, Canada and Auckland, New Zealand, using narrative and visual methods. Data analysis adopted a theoretical framework informed by concepts from Bourdieu’s theory of practice (1977, 1990). Results illustrate a reciprocal relationship between occupation and symbolic capital, whereby recognition of the latter facilitated immigrants’ everyday ‘doing’. Conversely, the devaluing of capital led many to attempt to acquire resources that could enable their opportunities within specific fields. These findings contribute to the literature on critical understandings of capital as shaped by social power relations, highlighting ways that misrecognition of capital contributes to symbolic violence in processes of socio-economic integration.
      PubDate: 2016-10-24
  • Wage assimilation of immigrants: A comparison of ‘new’ and ‘old’
           Asian source countries
    • Authors: Basu S.
      Abstract: The US Immigration Act of 1965 increased inflows from previously under-represented countries, mainly from Asia and Latin America. Using data from multiple US Censuses, this paper studies the wage-assimilation profiles of a group of immigrants from ‘new’ Asian countries arriving in the USA after 1965, and compares their profiles to those of immigrants from ‘old’ Asian countries also arriving in the same period. The wage-gap versus natives widens for all cohorts from new Asian countries after the second decade of stay. Cohorts from old Asian countries, who have a longer history of representation in the USA, follow the well-documented narrowing albeit concave wage-gap profiles. The differences in slopes between new and old Asian cohorts are considered in the light of comparatively larger increases in new-Asian inflows, the formation of regional occupation niches among new Asian groups and their growing segregation vis-à-vis white workers after 1965. A conceptual framework examines the case if occupations are imperfect substitutes, and natives and immigrants are worse substitutes than entrant and established immigrants within occupations—the wages of the established immigrants may fall in response to a large inflow of entrants.
      PubDate: 2016-10-20
  • Innovations Rising from the South? Three Books on Latin America’s
           Migration Policy Trajectories
    • Authors: Pedroza L.
      Abstract: Culling the Masses: The Democratic Origins of Racist Immigration Policy in the Americas. By David S. Fitzgerald and David Cook-Martin. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014, 512 pp. ISBN 9780674729049.
      PubDate: 2016-08-29
  • Migration and Refugee Studies: A US Perspective
    • Authors: Martin S.
      Abstract: Given the prominence of migration today and its potential growth in the future, it is noteworthy that migration studies have only recently become an area of serious research and study, dating back just to the 1980s. U.S. universities have lagged far behind those in Europe and elsewhere in establishing Migration Studies programs. This article argues that in academic settings that value disciplinary thinking and publications over interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary analysis for tenure and promotion, as is the case in many U.S. universities, the scope for migration studies is limited. This is not to say that the U.S. academic community ignores international migration. Rather, there has been a consistent growth in interest in this field within the traditional disciplines. In the absence of serious attention to migration studies as a field, and greater commitment to multi-disciplinary teaching and research, there will, however, be less progress in training students to develop the skills and theories needed to address the full complexity of international migration.
      PubDate: 2016-05-28
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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