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Journal Cover   International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies
  [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2050-103X - ISSN (Online) 2050-1048
   Published by Inderscience Publishers Homepage  [400 journals]
  • Substantial equality and human dignity
    • Authors: Oscar Rodas, Marco Antonio To
      Pages: 4 - 18
      Abstract: Equality is a multi-dimensional concept. In the context of law it is principally identified with formal-legal equality comprising both numerical and proportional equality. Numerical equality grants all individuals the possibility to uphold the same rights and obligations before the law. Contrary, proportional equality imposes the same treatment of the alike and different treatment of the non-alike. Nevertheless, the second principle of proportional equality calling for unlike treatment of the unlike seems to be equally challenging. When implementing this principle, the emerging challenges stem from the widely accepted Western perception that identifies 'diversity' with 'inequality' and inferiority. The present paper will explore these highly challenging issues attempting to enlighten the interpretation of the principle of equality in conjunction with the most cherished value of human dignity.
      Keywords: equal opportunities; human dignity; individualistic dignity; inherent dignity; numerical equality; substantial equality; dignitas hominis; proportional equality; diversity; inequality; inferiority
      Citation: International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015) pp. 4 - 18
      PubDate: 2015-05-05T23:20:50-05:00
      DOI: 10.1504/IJHRCS.2015.069238
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
  • Influence of network public opinion on China's diplomatic
    • Authors: Oscar Rodas, Marco Antonio To
      Pages: 19 - 30
      Abstract: As a form of expression of social public opinion, network public opinion refers to the influential and tendentious speeches and viewpoints held by the public and released through the internet concerning hot spots in the real life. Network public opinion is direct, random, unexpected, concealed and biased. With the quick development of the internet in China, network public opinion becomes increasingly influential and it also affects diplomatic decision-making. Network public opinion has promoted the democratisation of China's diplomatic decision-making. Furthermore, it can also set diplomatic topics, bring about social movements and support the strong statements of the Chinese Government in the diplomatic field. However, since network public opinion is often emotional, irrational and extreme, it can easily restrict and even obstruct the foreign policies of a state. The Chinese Government shall adopt positive measures to reduce the negative influence of network public opinion.
      Keywords: network public opinion; China; diplomacy; diplomatic decision making; influence; internet; foreign policy
      Citation: International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015) pp. 19 - 30
      PubDate: 2015-05-05T23:20:50-05:00
      DOI: 10.1504/IJHRCS.2015.069236
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
  • A review of key regulatory issues for genetically modified foods in Kenya
    • Authors: Oscar Rodas, Marco Antonio To
      Pages: 31 - 45
      Abstract: The production and consumption of genetically modified foods has faced public criticism in Africa. Genetically modified foods offer a solution to food insecurity thus African countries are readily producing and/or accepting aid for GM food products. This paper reviews the controversial issues surrounding the production of GM foods such as consumer autonomy and right to know, costs to the consumer, stigmatisation, food security and environmental concerns. A section of this paper also reviews the regulation of GM food products in Kenya, where biosafety laws were recently enacted and whether the regulatory framework adequately addresses these concerns. In addition, there is a discussion on the level and extent of compliance with regulatory standards under international law.
      Keywords: genetically modified food; GM foods; genetically modified organisms; GMOs; Kenya; food security; GM labelling; food labelling; consumer information; consumer autonomy; GM regulation; food regulation; biosafety laws; compliance; regulatory standards; international l
      Citation: International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015) pp. 31 - 45
      PubDate: 2015-05-05T23:20:50-05:00
      DOI: 10.1504/IJHRCS.2015.069239
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
  • Design of the while-listening tasks in autonomous hypermedia
    • Authors: Vehbi Turel, Eylem Kılıç
      Pages: 46 - 76
      Abstract: In this article, firstly the definition of autonomy will be briefly touched on. Secondly, the categorisation of autonomy will be shortly made. Mainly, what needs to be taken into account in order to be able to design and create pedagogically and psychologically effective and useful while listening tasks for autonomous (intermediate) language learners in hypermedia environments, where a wide range of digital elements can be combined and presented on the same digital platform more efficiently for foreign language learning purposes, will be focussed on. While this is done, the needs of autonomous (intermediate) language learners will be accounted for. To be able to present the topic efficiently, concrete examples of the while-listening tasks for autonomous hypermedia environments will be provided and the assumptions underlying them will be explained.
      Keywords: tasks; listening; design; autonomous hypermedia; multimedia activities; while-listening stage; task design; language learning; foreign languages
      Citation: International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015) pp. 46 - 76
      PubDate: 2015-05-05T23:20:50-05:00
      DOI: 10.1504/IJHRCS.2015.069245
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
  • Gendering rule of law reform after conflict
    • Authors: Vehbi Turel, Eylem Kılıç
      Pages: 77 - 100
      Abstract: In the context of a rise of rule of law reform programmes after conflict and increasing international interest in gender mainstreaming post-conflict interventions, this article explores how and to what extent gender mainstreaming has been incorporated into rule of law programmes after conflict. It argues that despite rhetoric regarding gender mainstreaming post-conflict interventions, rule of law reform practice shows little commitment to gender mainstreaming, largely failing to translate into substantive outcomes. Considering examples from different countries, the article analyses how programmes in five particularly gender-relevant areas take gender aspects into account: constitutional reform, sexual and gender-based violence, access to justice, the use of informal institutions and property reform. It further explores the limitations of current rule of law programming by situating rule of law reform in the broader context of post-conflict interventions. Lastly, it presents ideas on how to incorporate gender aspects more effectively into rule of law reform.
      Keywords: gender; rule of law reform; post-conflict reconstruction; constitutional reform; sexual violence; gender-based violence; access to justice; informal institutions; property reform
      Citation: International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015) pp. 77 - 100
      PubDate: 2015-05-05T23:20:50-05:00
      DOI: 10.1504/IJHRCS.2015.069200
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
  • The right to family life in the framework of ECHR and EU case law
    • Authors: Vehbi Turel, Eylem Kılıç
      Pages: 101 - 109
      Abstract: The paper that follows offers a short account regarding the nature and concept of the right to family life in the framework of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and European Court of Justice (ECJ) case law. More specifically, the nature and concept of the right to family life and its many aspects will be analysed both from a theoretical and a comparative point to view. Thus, the many dimensions of the right to family, as a social right of the family unit, as an institutional guarantee and as a freedom for its members are presented in a comparative constitutional framework (Ireland, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germany and Greece). Moreover, the right to family life as an open and evolving concept is analysed both in the ECtHR and in the ECJ case law.
      Keywords: right to family life; right to privacy; civil rights; institutional guarantee; European Court of Human Rights; ECHR; European Convention of Human Rights; European Court of Justice; ECJ; EU case law; European Union; Ireland; Italy; Spain; Portugal; Germany; Greece
      Citation: International Journal of Human Rights and Constitutional Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015) pp. 101 - 109
      PubDate: 2015-05-05T23:20:50-05:00
      DOI: 10.1504/IJHRCS.2015.069232
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
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