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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2304-6775
   Published by MDPI Homepage  [140 journals]
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 9: Perish or Publish in China: Pressures on
           Young Chinese Scholars to Publish in Internationally Indexed Journals

    • Authors: Mei Tian, Yan Su, Xin Ru
      First page: 9
      Abstract: To boost their research productivities, Chinese universities are putting great pressure on their research-active staff to publish in internationally indexed journals. However, the emerging publish-or-perish culture in China has seen little empirical investigation thus far. In the research reported in this article, semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven young researchers in science and engineering disciplines at a research-centered university in central China. The study showed that these young scholars faced great pressure to publish papers in internationally indexed journals. Consequently, the participants were reluctant to spend time on other academic activities, including teaching training. They also reported considerable work time devoted to writing, which resulted in fatigue and negatively affected family relations. The participants admitted that they had to rush to publish, and therefore were less likely to produce papers of better quality or those with novel discoveries. The research contributes to our reflection upon Chinese universities’ increasing use of the number of international publications as a major assessment and incentive measurement of their faculties’ academic performance.
      PubDate: 2016-04-01
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020009
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 10: Editing in Jamaica 1989–1998

    • Authors: Stephen Donovan
      First page: 10
      Abstract: Despite changes in technology that have improved both production and the final product, small local journals still have a low profile and struggle to obtain adequate copy, in terms of both quality and quantity. My experiences as editor of two small journals in Jamaica in the 1990s provided similar problems to those that are encountered by many editors today. Endeavour to persevere, but, if you are not appreciated, be prepared to resign in order to retain your own respect. There will always be more jobs for good editors.
      PubDate: 2016-04-08
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020010
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 11: Content and Phrasing in Titles of Original
           Research and Review Articles in 2015: Range of Practice in Four Clinical

    • First page: 11
      Abstract: Reporting guidelines for clinical research designs emerged in the mid-1990s and have influenced various aspects of research articles, including titles, which have also been subject to changing uses with the growth of electronic database searching and efforts to reduce bias in literature searches. We aimed (1) to learn more about titles in clinical medicine today and (2) to develop an efficient, reliable way to study titles over time and on the fly—for quick application by authors, manuscript editors, translators and instructors. We compared content and form in titles from two general medical journals—the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) and the British Medical Journal—and two anesthesiology journals (the European Journal of Anaesthesiology and Anesthesiology); we also analyzed the inter-rater reliability of our coding. Significant content differences were found in the frequencies of mentions of methods, results (between general and subspecialty titles), and geographic setting; phrasing differences were found in the prevalence of full-sentence and compound titles (and their punctuation). NEJM titles were significantly shorter, and this journal differed consistently on several features. We conclude that authors must learn to efficiently survey titles for form and content patterns when preparing manuscripts to submit to unfamiliar journals or on resubmitting to a new journal after rejection.
      PubDate: 2016-04-14
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020011
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 12: Issues with Publishing Abstracts in
           English: Challenges for Portuguese Linguists’ Authorial Voices

    • Authors: Joana Santos, Paulo da Silva
      First page: 12
      Abstract: This paper assesses the impact of publishing abstracts in English in the Portuguese Linguistics Association (APL) Proceedings from 2001 to 2010. The study was carried out with a corpus of 137 abstracts, follows a Text Linguistics model inspired by the Interactionnisme Sociodiscoursif and links text features to the social practices and genre repertoires of this community. Quantitative data show signs of a “Portuguese identity” in authors’ voices such as personal forms, move signaling, long sentences, profuse embedding, heavy subjects, and variations in content selection, but also signs of standard academic guideline-indexed choices in impersonal forms, template sentences, coordinated constituents, nominalizations, and conventional text plans. Standard genre models and writing features from “core” academic communities coexist with alternative and traditional ways of writing and of disseminating knowledge, which is typical of a semiperipheral non-native English-speaking community torn between conflicting language and cultural paradigms. These contrasting tendencies are linked to identity changes within the community, as APL authors try to achieve international recognition by publishing abstracts in English as a Foreign Language. Since the APL research topic is the Portuguese language, the process mirrors the authors’ struggle between standard internationalization in English and individual stance in Portuguese.
      PubDate: 2016-04-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020012
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 1: Scientific Production on Open Access: A
           Worldwide Bibliometric Analysis in the Academic and Scientific Context

    • First page: 1
      Abstract: This research aims to diachronically analyze the worldwide scientific production on open access, in the academic and scientific context, in order to contribute to knowledge and visualization of its main actors. As a method, bibliographical, descriptive and analytical research was used, with the contribution of bibliometric studies, especially the production indicators, scientific collaboration and indicators of thematic co-occurrence. The Scopus database was used as a source to retrieve the articles on the subject, with a resulting corpus of 1179 articles. Using Bibexcel software, frequency tables were constructed for the variables, and Pajek software was used to visualize the collaboration network and VoSViewer for the construction of the keywords’ network. As for the results, the most productive researchers come from countries such as the United States, Canada, France and Spain. Journals with higher impact in the academic community have disseminated the new constructed knowledge. A collaborative network with a few subnets where co-authors are from different countries has been observed. As conclusions, this study allows identifying the themes of debates that mark the development of open access at the international level, and it is possible to state that open access is one of the new emerging and frontier fields of library and information science.
      PubDate: 2016-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 2: Open Access Publishing of Health Research:
           Does Open Access Publishing Facilitate the Translation of Research into
           Health Policy and Practice?

    • Authors: Simon Spedding
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Health practitioners and policy makers translate health research into practice and policy. However, these end users have limited access to full versions of peer-reviewed literature in subscription journals. Thus, the essential information bypasses the people it is designed to help and the health benefits of medical research are limited and delayed. Open access (OA) publishing is one strategy to facilitate the translation of research to improve health. This review explores the evidence that OA publishing is an effective strategy to facilitate the translation of research and improve health. The review examines citation benefit, knowledge translation, diffusion impact, self-archiving and regional responses, and found entrenched views about OA publishing but little empirical research.The many biases and flaws in published research lead to a high level of waste and limit the ability to find innovative solutions to the burgeoning health costs. Evidence is presented here that OA publishing would facilitate a reduction in these flaws and biases, reduce waste in research and facilitate innovation. Although there are positive signs of change, more action and more research are needed.
      PubDate: 2016-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010002
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 3: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of
           Publications in 2015

    • Authors: Publications Editorial Office
      First page: 3
      Abstract: The editors of Publications would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2015. [...]
      PubDate: 2016-01-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 4: Internationality of Publications,

    • Authors: Dirce Santin, Samile de Souza Vanz, Sonia Caregnato
      First page: 4
      Abstract: The international dimensions of contemporary science have significantly impacted production and use patterns of scientific knowledge, which, in turn, requires new insights of librarians, publishers and academic institutions. Despite the recognized importance of internationality in science, studies on the internationalization of scientific output are still limited and dedicated exclusively to analyzing of its diffusion and international collaboration. This study analyzes the national/international character of articles, international collaboration, references and citations of Brazilian scientific output in Evolutionary Biology in order to understand the contribution to the internationalization of science in Brazil. Analyses are based on data from the Science Citation Index of Web of Science and include 1450 articles, 60,454 references and 18,059 citing documents. Results reveal similar internationality patterns, with 99.6% of articles published in foreign journals, 90.5% international references, and 88.5% international citations. Despite recording the lowest value among the indicators (51.9%), international collaboration surpasses the national and international average and is an important characteristic in the field in Brazil, contributing to increasing the number of references and the impact of articles. Evolutionary Biology is considered a predominantly international field, whose internationality patterns increase the audience for the studies and provide greater visibility for Brazilian science.
      PubDate: 2016-02-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010004
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 5: English or Englishes in Global Academia: A
           Text-Historical Take on Genre Analysis

    • Authors: Oliver Shaw
      First page: 5
      Abstract: The challenge of publishing internationally for non-native English speakers (NNESs) is substantial, although there are conflicting accounts as to how NNES-authored texts fare in English-medium journals and the nature of the criticism levied at these texts. Collaborators from a wide variety of backgrounds and skill sets may contribute to these texts, and the aspects they focus on differ based on their profile. One of these aspects, rhetorical appropriateness, is of interest to the study of NNES writing because of difficulties authors have in adapting to the discourse-level features of English-medium academic texts. This article presents a multi-year research project exploring the rhetorical characteristics of writing produced by 10 NNES academics seeking to publish in international biomedical journals. Using a text-historical approach, the study traces the arc of 10 different research articles across multiple drafts, analyzing the processes and agents behind these drafts and the feedback received from target journals. Focusing on rhetorically significant changes made across different drafts and comments concerning linguistic issues, this paper seeks to further the understanding of English as a lingua franca within written discourse in the field of biomedicine. One text history is presented to exemplify the methods.
      PubDate: 2016-02-24
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010005
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 6: A Proposal for Critical-Pragmatic
           Pedagogical Approaches to English for Research Publication Purposes

    • Authors: James Corcoran, Karen Englander
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Despite the increasing demands on many multilingual scholars outside the centre(s) of scientific knowledge production to publish their research in international scholarly journals, the support for such academic writing for publication is uneven at best. Existing English for research publication purposes (ERPP) instruction typically aims to aid multilingual scholars in achieving genre-based expectations and/or navigating the submission and review process, but it often does not address the politics of English-language knowledge production. In this paper, informed by an empirical case study and a theory building perspective, we address the need for a sustained program of courses/workshops for multilingual scholars in the (semi-) periphery and propose a means of operationalizing a critical-pragmatic approach to such course/workshop content. Our empirically-driven model is informed by the results of a recent case study investigation into an intensive ERPP intervention designed to address multilingual Spanish-speaking L1 scholars’ challenges with writing research articles for publication in indexed (Web of Science) international scientific journals. Our model lays the groundwork for a more critical approach to ERPP pedagogy, one that attempts to attend more fully to the needs of multilingual scholars within an asymmetrical market of global knowledge production.
      PubDate: 2016-03-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010006
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 7: Creative Commons and Appropriation:
           Implicit Collaboration in Digital Works

    • Authors: R. Skains
      First page: 7
      Abstract: Appropriation is a common practice in art and literature; electronic literature in particular lends itself readily to appropriation and collaboration, due to its multimodal and born-digital nature. This paper presents practice-based research examining the effects of digital appropriation on two works of digital fiction (a hyperfiction and an interactive fiction), demonstrating how it alters the creative writer’s typical process, as well as the resulting narrative itself. This practice of appropriation results in “implicit collaboration” between the digital creative writer and those whose work is appropriated, an arguable form of shared authorship. Questions regarding the ethics of this practice, including copyright concerns and authorship, are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-03-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010007
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 8: Editorial for Publications March 2016

    • Authors: Alan Singleton
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Welcome to the latest issue of Publications, a journal for studies and opinion on all aspects of scholarly publishing and communication.[...]
      PubDate: 2016-03-23
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010008
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 219-231: The Challenges of Journal Startup in
           the Digital Era

    • Authors: Andrew Kirby
      Pages: 219 - 231
      Abstract: This paper aims to contribute to the evolving literature on the new landscape of scholarly journals. It builds on a series of experiences as a journal editor which span the print and digital eras, and focuses on two current activities with new journals. One was designed as a synoptic journal in a broad multidisciplinary field, supported by a commercial publisher; the other a non-revenue journal which aims to showcase the work of undergraduates in the author’s institution. Despite the uniqueness of goals and delivery, some of the experiences—and challenges—have proved remarkably similar.
      PubDate: 2015-09-25
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3040219
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 232-236: Editors and Journal Startup in the
           Digital Era

    • Authors: Andrew Kirby
      Pages: 232 - 236
      Abstract: More has changed in journal publishing in the past twenty years than the previous four centuries. Digital technologies have transformed the submission, review, production and distribution of scholarly materials, with the result that there has been exponential growth in the number of papers published in an expanding roster of journals—some are mainstream, some highly specialized, some are produced by publishers who have existed since printing began and others are produced by small groups with niche interests. [...]
      PubDate: 2015-10-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3040232
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 237-247: Do Adolescents Prefer Electronic
           Books to Paper Books?

    • Authors: Margaret Merga
      Pages: 237 - 247
      Abstract: While electronic books offer a range of benefits and may be supposed to be more appealing to young people than paper books, this assumption is often treated as fact by educational researchers. Understanding adolescents’ true current preferences is essential, as incorrect assumptions can lead to decisions which restrict adolescent access to their preferred book mode. The belief that adolescents prefer electronic books to paper books has already led to some school libraries being expunged of paper books. As adolescents show a higher level of aliteracy than younger children, and regular reading offers a broad range of benefits for young people, it is imperative that school’s decisions around providing access to books are responsive to adolescent students’ genuine preferences. This paper analyses the current and relevant academic research around adolescent preferences for book modes, finding that, at present, the contention that adolescents prefer electronic books is not supported by the available research. In addition, there are a number of issues identified that make analyzing the findings in this area problematic. Future studies in this area are needed before an adolescent preference for electronic books can be unequivocally substantiated.
      PubDate: 2015-11-11
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3040237
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 248-262: Considering Non-Open Access
           Publication Charges in the “Total Cost of Publication”

    • Authors: Andrew Gray
      Pages: 248 - 262
      Abstract: Recent research has tried to calculate the “total cost of publication” in the British academic sector, bringing together the costs of journal subscriptions, the article processing charges (APCs) paid to publish open-access content, and the indirect costs of handling open-access mandates. This study adds an estimate for the other publication charges (predominantly page and colour charges) currently paid by research institutions, a significant element which has been neglected by recent studies. When these charges are included in the calculation, the total cost to institutions as of 2013/14 is around 18.5% over and above the cost of journal subscriptions—11% from APCs, 5.5% from indirect costs, and 2% from other publication charges. For the British academic sector as a whole, this represents a total cost of publication around £213 million against a conservatively estimated journal spend of £180 million, with non-APC publication charges representing around £3.6 million. A case study is presented to show that these costs may be unexpectedly high for individual institutions, depending on disciplinary focus. The feasibility of collecting this data on a widespread basis is discussed, along with the possibility of using it to inform future subscription negotiations with publishers.
      PubDate: 2015-11-18
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3040248
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 263-284: Open Scholarship Practices Reshaping
           South Africa’s Scholarly Publishing Roadmap

    • Authors: Reggie Raju, Jaya Raju, Jill Claassen
      Pages: 263 - 284
      Abstract: South African higher education institutions are the largest producers of research output on the African continent. Given this status, South African researchers have a moral obligation to share their research output with the rest of the continent via a medium that minimizes challenges of access; open scholarship is that medium. The majority of South African higher education libraries provide an open access publishing service. However, in most of these cases this service is via engagement with the green open access route, that is, institutional repositories (IR). Some of the libraries have piloted and adopted gold open access services such as publishing of “diamond” gold open access journals and supporting article processing charges. The experiment with publishing open monographs is a new venture. This venture must be viewed against the backdrop of the need for open educational resources (OERs). OER is an area that is very much in a fledgling stage and is gaining traction, albeit, at a slow pace. The growth of IRs, the growth in support for gold open access including the library acting as a publisher, the experimentation with open monographs, and OERs are all shaping South Africa’s scholarly publishing roadmap.
      PubDate: 2015-12-08
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3040263
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 150-154: Reclaiming Society Publishing

    • Authors: Philip Steinberg
      Pages: 150 - 154
      Abstract: Learned societies have become aligned with commercial publishers, who have increasingly taken over the latter’s function as independent providers of scholarly information. Using the example of geographical societies, the advantages and disadvantages of this trend are examined. It is argued that in an era of digital publication, learned societies can offer leadership with a new model of open access that can guarantee high quality scholarly material whose publication costs are supported by society membership dues.
      PubDate: 2015-07-13
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3030150
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 155-167: Fee Waivers for Open Access Journals

    • Authors: Stuart Lawson
      Pages: 155 - 167
      Abstract: Open access journals which charge article processing charges (APCs) sometimes offer fee waivers to authors who cannot afford to pay them. This article measures the extent of this practice among the largest toll access and open access publishers by gathering stated fee waiver policies from publishers’ websites. A majority (68.8%) were found to offer fee waivers and sometimes they are only available to authors from low- and middle-income countries. This has implications for the ability of authors without funding to publish in journals from these publishers.
      PubDate: 2015-08-05
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3030155
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 168-173: It’s not Just the Author: The
           Reader and the Editor Are Dead, Too

    • Authors: Ali Modarres
      Pages: 168 - 173
      Abstract: The world of academic publishing has changed significantly. In this short essay, I attempt to offer a few observations as the editor of an international journal, suggesting that we may need to have a more in-depth theoretical engagement with current publishing practices. This includes the diminishing role of editors, the nature of authorship and the related review process, and the ways in which the publishing industry responds to, and shapes, our academic publishing practices.
      PubDate: 2015-08-18
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3030168
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 174-189: Themed Volumes: A Blessing or a

    • Authors: Mary Brooks, Stephen Ison
      Pages: 174 - 189
      Abstract: Research in Transportation Business and Management (RTBM) was launched in 2009 with the first volume appearing in August 2011. The format of the journal is somewhat different to that of conventional journals in that each volume is themed focusing on a particular aspect of transportation from a business and management perspective. This paper focuses on the format of the journal and the decisions taken at the time of launch, eventually drawing conclusions about the chosen format and whether it has been an effective format for the competitive space into which the journal was launched. With four years of production data available, the authors conclude that the format has offered both positive and negative aspects, but that overall the launch format chosen was right for the competitive environment faced.
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3030174
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 190-210: Barriers to Open Access Publishing:
           Views from the Library Literature

    • Authors: Amy Forrester
      Pages: 190 - 210
      Abstract: The library and information science (LIS) community has an active role in supporting access to information and, therefore, is an important stakeholder in the open access conversation. One major discussion involves the barriers that have hindered the complete transition to open access in scientific publications. Building upon a longitudinal study by Bo-Christer Björk that looked at barriers to the open access publishing of scholarly articles, this study evaluates the discussion of those barriers in the LIS literature over the ten year period 2004–2014, and compares this to Björk’s conclusions about gold open access publishing. Content analysis and bibliometrics are used to confirm the growth of the discussion of open access in the past ten years and gain insight into the most prevalent issues hindering the development of open access.
      PubDate: 2015-09-03
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3030190
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 211-218: Cultural Editing for Linking City,
           Culture and Society

    • Authors: Hiroshi Okano
      Pages: 211 - 218
      Abstract: City, Culture and Society (Elsevier) aims to stimulate a new interdisciplinary paradigm that embraces multiple perspectives and applies this paradigm to the urban imperative that defines the century. The journal is looking at an academic audience, but is also seeking new readers, such as those working in the public sector, those employed in the private sector, those who contribute to international organizations, and so on. The paper considers one methodological viewpoint for promoting interdisciplinary studies by using the concept—cultural editing—and shows some new horizons for urban studies.
      PubDate: 2015-09-10
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3030211
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 43-64: English Writing for International
           Publication in the Age of Globalization: Practices and Perceptions of
           Mainland Chinese Academics in the Humanities and Social Sciences

    • Authors: Meng Ge
      Pages: 43 - 64
      Abstract: Much scholarly attention has been given to the English writing and publishing practices of the academics in non-Anglophone countries, but studies on such practices in the humanities and social sciences (HSS) have in general been limited. The case of Mainland Chinese HSS academics is potentially interesting. On the one hand, international publications in these disciplines have been on the increase, which are also encouraged by the national research policy of “going-out”. On the other hand, unlike those in science and technology (S&T), such practices in the HSS are still much less institutionalized at the local level. In the study reported in this article, semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine academics in economics, sociology and archaeology from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), and all nine participants had prior experience in international publishing. With a focus on participants’ experiences and perceptions, findings from this study demonstrated the relatively passive role participants played in their international publications, the importance of various resources in bringing forth these publications, and the relations between participants’ alignments with the local or international community and their voluntary investment in participating in their practices. Implications of the study were also discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-03-25
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3020043
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 65-88: Landscapes of Research: Perceptions of
           Open Access (OA) Publishing in the Arts and Humanities

    • Authors: Julia Gross, John Ryan
      Pages: 65 - 88
      Abstract: It is widely known now that scholarly communication is in crisis, resting on an academic publishing model that is unsustainable. One response to this crisis has been the emergence of Open Access (OA) publishing, bringing scholarly literature out from behind a paywall and making it freely available to anyone online. Many research and academic libraries are facilitating the change to OA by establishing institutional repositories, supporting OA policies, and hosting OA journals. In addition, research funding bodies, such as the Australian Research Council (ARC), are mandating that all published grant research outputs be made available in OA, unless legal and contractual obligations prevent this. Despite these broader changes, not all scholars are aware of the new publishing environment. In particular, the rate of adoption of OA models in the Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) has historically been lower than Science, Technology and Medicine (STM) disciplines. Nevertheless, some local and international OA exemplars exist in HSS. At Edith Cowan University in Perth, Western Australia, the faculty-administered environmental humanities journal, Landscapes, was migrated to the institutional open access repository in 2013. Subsequently, researchers in the Faculty of Education and Arts were surveyed regarding their knowledge, understandings, and perceptions of OA publishing. The survey was also designed to elicit the barriers to OA publishing perceived or experienced by HSS researchers. This article will present the findings of our small faculty-based OA survey, with particular attention to HSS academics (and within this subject group, particular attention to the arts and humanities), their perceptions of OA, and the impediments they encounter. We argue that OA publishing will continue to transform scholarship within the arts and humanities, especially through the role of institutional repositories. The “library-as-publisher” role offers the potential to transform academic and university-specific publishing activities. However, the ongoing training of university researchers and personnel is required to bring into balance their understandings of OA publisher and the demands of the broader Australian and international research environment.
      PubDate: 2015-04-17
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3020065
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 89-103: Two Chinese Medical Master’s
           Students Aspiring to Publish Internationally: A Longitudinal Study of
           Legitimate Peripheral Participation in Their Communities of Practice

    • Authors: Na Luo
      Pages: 89 - 103
      Abstract: This paper explores how two Chinese medical Master’s students’ international publication success/failure and their academic English learning outcomes were related to their agency and the social context in which they were embedded by using the notions of legitimate peripheral participation (LPP) and community of practice (CoP). While both students were highly motivated and similarly limited in English proficiency, their publication and academic English literacy learning outcomes vastly differed. Analysis via the lenses of LPP and CoP reveals that their differences in scholarly achievement in terms of international publication success and academic English learning outcomes can be convincingly explained by variation in the structure of the CoPs to which they belonged. Their respective CoPs determine their amount and quality of co-participation or mutual engagement with old-timers, particularly the master, which ultimately led to markedly different publication and academic English learning outcomes. Accordingly, I argue that institutions must consider the amount of mutual engagement senior researchers can afford to their research students when allocating advising responsibilities to professors.
      PubDate: 2015-04-21
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3020089
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 104-119: Novices’ Struggles with
           Conceptual and Theoretical Framing in Writing Dissertations and Papers for

    • Authors: Christine Casanave, Yongyan Li
      Pages: 104 - 119
      Abstract: In this conceptual paper, we address the problem that novice scholars in social sciences sometimes have in constructing conceptual or theoretical frameworks for their dissertations and papers for publication. In the first part of the paper, we discuss why the topic is important in the high pressure environment that novice scholars face, in which finishing a doctoral degree and getting published can make a difference in career success or failure, and explain our understanding of theoretical/conceptual framing, including provisionally defining some key terms. We then elucidate ten problems that novice scholars have with theoretical/conceptual framing, using our own experiences as manuscript reviewers and writers as examples. The paper concludes with ways that novice scholars can address the task of framing their scholarly work conceptually and theoretically, on the understanding that the struggles continue over the lifetime of a scholarly career.
      PubDate: 2015-04-28
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3020104
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 120-130: Setting up the Journal of Transport
           and Health, a New Cross-Disciplinary Journal

    • Authors: Jennifer Mindell
      Pages: 120 - 130
      Abstract: The Journal of Transport and Health is a new journal, bringing together the impacts of transport on health and inequalities and the ways changes to transport policy and/or infrastructure affect these. It aims to: promote dialogue between the two research communities it serves; improve the quality of data and its appropriate use; and encourage transfer of research into practice. The first volume of four issues was published in 2014; it is already abstracted and indexed in SafetyLit, ERIH PLUS, TRID, the TRIS and ITRD Databases. A substantial achievement is that the Social Sciences Citation Index added the journal within the first year, from the first issue onwards, which is rare. Before the end of 2014, the journal had exceeded its target by 2015 for: numbers of manuscripts submitted; editorial decisions made; articles accepted for publication; and articles downloaded. Challenges have included recruiting sufficient reviewers; setting standards for acceptance of manuscripts; and editors’ time commitments. In 2014, articles were downloaded in 77 countries, and we received submissions from 27 countries. Despite the plethora of scientific journals, Journal of Transport and Health has obviously filled a gap in interdisciplinary research “whose time has come”, in a timely and attractive manner.
      PubDate: 2015-05-06
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3020120
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 131-149: Accessing Fellow Academics as
           Research Participants: Constraints, Collegiality, and “Academic

    • Authors: Yongyan Li
      Pages: 131 - 149
      Abstract: In this paper I discuss some constraints and implications in accessing fellow academics as research participants, a topic that has rarely been addressed thus far in the literature. I will point out that a lack of cooperation from fellow academics may defeat our research purposes, and will survey some studies involving U.S., European, and Chinese academics as research participants to illustrate education researchers’ efforts to work with fellow academics against the odds. By referencing my personal experience of engaging with Chinese academics, I will then discuss the role of personal contacts in research and reflect upon various constraints in accessing fellow academics as research participants. I will suggest that, when we do participate in a fellow researcher’s project, the incentive is a desire to support our peers in the spirit of “academic citizenship.”
      PubDate: 2015-06-02
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3020131
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 1-16: Open Access Article Processing Charges:
           DOAJ Survey May 2014

    • Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: As of May 2014, the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) listed close to ten thousand fully open access, peer reviewed, scholarly journals. Most of these journals do not charge article processing charges (APCs). This article reports the results of a survey of the 2567 journals, or 26% of journals listed in DOAJ, that do have APCs based on a sample of 1432 of these journals. Results indicate a volatile sector that would make future APCs difficult to predict for budgeting purposes. DOAJ and publisher title lists often did not closely match. A number of journals were found on examination not to have APCs. A wide range of publication costs was found for every publisher type. The average (mean) APC of $964 contrasts with a mode of $0. At least 61% of publishers using APCs are commercial in nature, while many publishers are of unknown types. The vast majority of journals charging APCs (80%) were found to offer one or more variations on pricing, such as discounts for authors from mid to low income countries, differential pricing based on article type, institutional or society membership, and/or optional charges for extras such as English language editing services or fast track of articles. The complexity and volatility of this publishing landscape is discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-02-05
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3010001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 17-26: Persistent Citation of the Only
           Published Randomised Controlled Trial of Omega-3 Supplementation in
           Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Six Years after Its Retraction

    • Authors: Ashley Fulton, Alison Coates, Marie Williams, Peter Howe, Alison Hill
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract: Scientific articles are retracted infrequently, yet have the potential to influence the scientific literature for years. The only randomised controlled trial to explore the effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was retracted in 2008 due to falsified data. The objective of this research was to determine the frequency and nature of citations of this retracted paper. Web of Science and Google Scholar were used to determine the number of times the retracted article was cited. Citations were classified as either “retraction acknowledged” or “retraction not acknowledged”. The search was conducted on 6 August 2013 and updated on 25 March 2014. Results: The search resulted in 76 citations, of which 24 occurred prior to the retraction of the article. Of the 52 citations occurring after the retraction, only two acknowledged the retraction. Of the citations not acknowledging the retraction, 20 referred to specific data and 30 cited the reference in passing. This retracted article continues to be cited by authors, suggesting that information about the retraction was unsuccessfully communicated to the scientific community. Continual citation of retracted literature has the potential to bias a field of research and potentially misinform end-users.
      PubDate: 2015-02-11
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3010017
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
  • Publications, Vol. 3, Pages 27-42: Apprenticeship in Scholarly Publishing:
           A Student Perspective on Doctoral Supervisors’ Roles

    • Authors: Jun Lei, Guangwei Hu
      Pages: 27 - 42
      Abstract: Although a large body of literature has suggested that doctoral supervisors play an important role in their students’ attempts at scholarly publishing, few studies have focused specifically on what roles they play. This study sought to address this gap by zooming in on the various roles a group of Chinese doctoral students found their supervisors playing in their scholarly publishing endeavors. Our analysis revealed four important roles played by the supervisors: ‘prey’ searchers, managers, manuscript correctors and masters. The results showed that the supervisors not only facilitated the doctoral students’ publishing output, but also fostered their apprenticeship in scholarly publishing and the academic community. However, the results also unveiled a general unavailability of sorely-needed detailed and specific guidance on students’ early publishing attempts and some supervisors’ limited ability to correct students’ English manuscripts. These findings underscore the important contributions doctoral supervisors can make to their students’ academic socialization. They also suggest a need for external editorial assistance with doctoral students’ English manuscripts and ample opportunities for their scaffolded initiation into the tacit conventions and practices of scholarly publishing.
      PubDate: 2015-02-13
      DOI: 10.3390/publications3010027
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
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