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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2304-6775
   Published by MDPI Homepage  [156 journals]
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 22: Open Access Scholarly Journal Publishing
           in Chinese

    • Authors: Cenyu Shen
      First page: 22
      Abstract: The research literature on open access (OA) publishing has mainly dealt with journals publishing in English, and studies focusing on OA journals in other languages are less common. This article addresses this gap via a case study focusing on Chinese-language OA journals. It starts with the identification of the major characteristics of this market, followed by eight semi-structured interviews to explore the key motivations behind Chinese-language OA publishing and perceived barriers. The majority of Chinese OA journals are published in Chinese, and most of them are published by universities and scholarly societies. Nearly 80% of journals were launched before the digital age and were converted to OA later. The subject distribution is highly skewed towards the science, technology, engineering and medicine (STEM) fields. Publishers are motivated to convert journals to OA by an expected increase in academic impact, which would also attract more submissions. The lack of a sufficient number of high-quality submissions is perceived as the largest barrier to the successful publishing of journals. The financial instability of journals is identified as the main obstacle hindering internationalisation. The central conclusions of the study are that Chinese-language OA journals need to increase their visibility in journal indexes such as the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), and that an OA publishing platform (similar to the Latin American SciELO) should be established for Chinese-language OA journals.
      Citation: Publications
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5040022
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 23: Computer Science Papers in Web of Science:
           A Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Dalibor Fiala, Gabriel Tutoky
      First page: 23
      Abstract: In this article we present a bibliometric study of 1.9 million computer science papers published from 1945 to 2014 and indexed in Web of Science. We analyze both the quantity and the impact of these publications according to document types, languages, disciplines, countries, institutions, and publication sources. The most frequent author keywords, cited references, and cited papers as well as the distribution of the number of references and citations per paper and of the age of cited references are also explored. Since conference proceedings play a tremendous role in this scientific field, we investigate the time and place of computer science conferences in terms of the most prolific months and locations. And, last but not least, the production of journal articles and conference papers over the whole time period and the level of collaboration in different computer science disciplines are inspected. One of the main results is the finding that “Artificial Intelligence” is the most productive subfield of computer science, but “Interdisciplinary Applications” has the highest relative impact.
      Citation: Publications
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5040023
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 24: Nemo Solus Satis Sapit: Trends of Research
           Collaborations in the Vietnamese Social Sciences, Observing 2008–2017
           Scopus Data

    • Authors: Quan-Hoang Vuong, Tung Manh Ho, Thu-Trang Vuong, Ha Viet Nguyen, Nancy Napier, Hiep-Hung Pham
      First page: 24
      Abstract: “Nemo solus satis sapit”—no one can be wise enough on his own. This is particularly true when it comes to collaborations in scientific research. Concerns over this issue in Vietnam, a developing country with limited academic resources, led to an in-depth study on Vietnamese social science research, using Google Scholar and Scopus, during 2008–2017. The results showed that more than 90% of scientists had worked with colleagues to publish, and they had collaborated 13 times on average during the time limit of the data sample. These collaborations, both domestic and international, mildly boosted author performance. On the other hand, the modest number of publications by Vietnamese authors was reportedly linked to Vietnamese social scientists’ heavy reliance on collaborative work as non-leading co-authors: for an entire decade (2008–2017), the average author assumes the leading role merely in two articles, and hardly ever published alone. This implies that policy-makers ought to consider promoting institutional collaborations while also encouraging authors to acquire the experience of publishing solo.
      Citation: Publications
      PubDate: 2017-10-05
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5040024
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 25: Worldwide Scientific Production Indexed by
           Scopus on Labour Relations

    • Authors: Esther Salmerón-Manzano, Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro
      First page: 25
      Abstract: This article examines the features of the worldwide contributions to the specialized literature in labour relations in the period 1970–2016. The source considered has been the Scopus Elsevier database, together with bibliometric analysis techniques. Different aspects of the publications are analysed, such as publication type, field, language, subcategory and journal type, as well as the keyword occurrence frequency. The results of this work show that the most popular keywords were Trade Union, Employment, Labour Market and Industrial Relations. It is observed how the United States, being the most productive country, leads in almost all the keywords except in two, “Labour market” and “Working Conditions”, which are led by UK. If the keywords are studied only as geographical terms we can find the United States, Eurasia and India. The contributions are geographically and institutionally broken down. The most active categories are Social Sciences, Business, and Management and Accounting. The evolution of the most popular keywords indicates how in the last years “Trade Unions” “Industrial Relations” and “Personnel” have lost importance against “Labor Market” and “Employment”, showing new concerns in the labour relations field.
      Citation: Publications
      PubDate: 2017-10-13
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5040025
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 4 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 18: Measurement of Similarity in Academic

    • Authors: Omid Mahian, Marius Treutwein, Patrice Estellé, Somchai Wongwises, Dongsheng Wen, Giulio Lorenzini, Ahmet Dalkilic, Wei-Mon Yan, Ahmet Sahin
      First page: 18
      Abstract: We propose some reflections, comments and suggestions about the measurement of similar and matched content in scientific papers and documents, and the need to develop appropriate tools and standards for an ethically fair and equitable treatment of authors.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5030018
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 19: A Proposed Currency System for Academic
           Peer Review Payments Using the BlockChain Technology

    • Authors: Michael Spearpoint
      First page: 19
      Abstract: Peer review of scholarly papers is seen to be a critical step in the publication of high quality outputs in reputable journals. However, it appears that there are few incentives for researchers to agree to conduct suitable reviews in a timely fashion and in some cases unscrupulous practices are occurring as part of the production of academic research output. Innovations in internet-based technologies mean that there are ways in which some of the challenges can be addressed. In particular, this paper proposes a new currency system using the BlockChain as its basis that provides a number of solutions. Potential benefits and problems of using the technology are discussed in the paper and these will need further investigation should the idea develop further. Ultimately, the currency could be used as an alternative publication metric for authors, institutions and journals.
      Citation: Publications
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5030019
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 20: Improving the Measurement of Scientific
           Success by Reporting a Self-Citation Index

    • Authors: Justin Flatt, Alessandro Blasimme, Effy Vayena
      First page: 20
      Abstract: Who among the many researchers is most likely to usher in a new era of scientific breakthroughs' This question is of critical importance to universities, funding agencies, as well as scientists who must compete under great pressure for limited amounts of research money. Citations are the current primary means of evaluating one’s scientific productivity and impact, and while often helpful, there is growing concern over the use of excessive self-citations to help build sustainable careers in science. Incorporating superfluous self-citations in one’s writings requires little effort, receives virtually no penalty, and can boost, albeit artificially, scholarly impact and visibility, which are both necessary for moving up the academic ladder. Such behavior is likely to increase, given the recent explosive rise in popularity of web-based citation analysis tools (Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Altmetric) that rank research performance. Here, we argue for new metrics centered on transparency to help curb this form of self-promotion that, if left unchecked, can have a negative impact on the scientific workforce, the way that we publish new knowledge, and ultimately the course of scientific advance.
      Citation: Publications
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5030020
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 21: Measuring Time-Dynamics and Time-Stability
           of Journal Rankings in Mathematics and Physics by Means of Fractional

    • Authors: Antonia Ferrer-Sapena, Susana Díaz-Novillo, Enrique Sánchez-Pérez
      First page: 21
      Abstract: Journal rankings of specific research fields are often used for evaluation purposes, both of authors and institutions. These rankings can be defined by means of several methods, as expert assessment, scholarly-based agreements, or by the ordering induced by a numeric index associated to the prestige of the journals. In order to be efficient and accepted by the research community, it must preserve the ordering over time, at least up to a point. Otherwise, the procedure for defining the ranking must be revised to assure that it reflects the presumably stable characteristic “prestige” that it claims to be quantifying. A mathematical model based on fractional p-variations of the values of the order number of each journal in a time series of journal rankings is explained, and its main properties are shown. As an example, we study the evolution of two given ordered lists of journals through an eleven-year series. These journal ranks are defined by using the 2-year Impact Factor of Thomson-Reuters (nowadays Clarivate Analytics) lists for MATHEMATICS and PHYSICS, APPLIED from 2002 to 2013. As an application of our model, we define an index that precludes the use of journal ranks for evaluation purposes when some minimal requirements on the associated fractional p-variations are not satisfied. The final conclusion is that the list of mathematics does not satisfy the requirements on the p-variations, while the list of applied physics does.
      Citation: Publications
      PubDate: 2017-09-21
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5030021
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 3 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 6: Virtual Reference Services through Web
           Search Engines: Study of Academic Libraries in Pakistan

    • Authors: Rubia Khan, Arif Khan, Sidra Malik, Haroon Idrees
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Web search engines (WSE) are powerful and popular tools in the field of information service management. This study is an attempt to examine the impact and usefulness of web search engines in providing virtual reference services (VRS) within academic libraries in Pakistan. The study also attempts to investigate the relevant expertise and skills of library professionals in providing digital reference services (DRS) efficiently using web search engines. Methodology used in this study is quantitative in nature. The data was collected from fifty public and private sector universities in Pakistan using a structured questionnaire. Microsoft Excel and SPSS were used for data analysis. The study concludes that web search engines are commonly used by librarians to help users (especially research scholars) by providing digital reference services. The study also finds a positive correlation between use of web search engines and quality of digital reference services provided to library users. It is concluded that although search engines have increased the expectations of users and are really big competitors to a library’s reference desk, they are however not an alternative to reference service. Findings reveal that search engines pose numerous challenges for librarians and the study also attempts to bring together possible remedial measures. This study is useful for library professionals to understand the importance of search engines in providing VRS. The study also provides an intellectual comparison among different search engines, their capabilities, limitations, challenges and opportunities to provide VRS effectively in libraries.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020006
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 7: Transitioning from a Conventional to a
           ‘Mega’ Journal: A Bibliometric Case Study of the Journal Medicine

    • Authors: Simon Wakeling, Peter Willett, Claire Creaser, Jenny Fry, Stephen Pinfield, Valerie Spezi
      First page: 7
      Abstract: Open-Access Mega-Journals (OAMJs) are a relatively new and increasingly important publishing phenomenon. The journal Medicine is in the unique position of having transitioned in 2014 from being a ‘traditional’ highly-selective journal to the OAMJ model. This study compares the bibliometric profile of the journal Medicine before and after its transition to the OAMJ model. Three standard modes of bibliometric analysis are employed, based on data from Web of Science: journal output volume, author characteristics, and citation analysis. The journal’s article output is seen to have grown hugely since its conversion to an OAMJ, a rise driven in large part by authors from China. Articles published since 2015 have fewer citations, and are cited by lower impact journals than articles published before the OAMJ transition. The adoption of the OAMJ model has completely changed the bibliometric profile of the journal, raising questions about the impact of OAMJ peer-review practices. In many respects, the post-2014 version of Medicine is best viewed as a new journal rather than a continuation of the original title.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020007
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 8: Oceanographic Data Repositories: An
           Analysis of the International Situation

    • Authors: Fabiano Couto Corrêa da Silva, Ernest Abadal, Enrique Wulff
      First page: 8
      Abstract: The preservation and organization of oceanographic research data enables the scientific community to consult and reuse information of different kinds, and this is made possible by the repositories, meaning the services that facilitate data storage and dissemination. This paper reviews the current situation of oceanographic data repositories across different countries and evaluates them according to a series of indicators. The writers propose that although interest in storing and reusing oceanographic data has increased in recent years, the repositories are still in the process of developing their systems for processing, disseminating and reusing data. The repositories also differ in terms of architecture and the organizational level of the content they offer.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020008
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 9: Social Media Usage for Patients and
           Healthcare Consumers: A Literature Review

    • Authors: Ariana-Anamaria Cordoş, Sorana Bolboacă, Cristina Drugan
      First page: 9
      Abstract: The evolution of Internet from static Web “publishing” to the highly participative, and data-driven, innovations of Web 2.0 has been influencing how people search for health-related information. This review included studies indexed in the PubMed electronic database that focused on social media analysis, examining relationships between participants (patients and healthcare consumers) through social media usage. The obtained results showed that previous research regarding social media’s impact on patients and healthcare consumers aimed at a combination of platforms, but there is a penury of information about niche topics or its usage for retrieving medical information. Nevertheless, social media proved to be to be a promising tool in research mainly for recruitment purposes. The review has outlined that eHealth literacy is an attribute for populations that are female and relatively young and educated. Blogs share personal experiences, YouTube contains unregulated, high- and low-quality information that can mislead individuals, Facebook contains more marketing than health-related information, while Wikipedia is recommended for providing high-quality information. Despite healthcare practitioners’ and healthcare public institutions’ reluctance about the use of social media, this review demonstrates the usefulness of social media for patients and healthcare consumers in retrieving health-related information based on content availability and usage implications, and highlights gaps in knowledge that further research needs to fill.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020009
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 10: Authorship of Retraction Notices: “If
           Names Are Not Rectified, Then Language Will Not Be in Accord with

    • Authors: Guangwei Hu
      First page: 10
      Abstract: Retraction notices appear regularly in many scholarly journals, especially top-tier journals of science and engineering. One disconcerting feature of this emergent genre is evasion of authorship, that is, the deliberate obscuring of who has authored a particular retraction notice. This communication illustrates and discusses problems of evaded authorship of retraction notices. To address these problems, it proposes that scholarly journals should require explicit authorship of retraction notices and the inclusion of core generic components such as the content to be retracted, the reason(s) for the retraction, the attribution of responsibility, and the expression of mortification.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020010
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 11: Thirteen Ways to Write an Abstract

    • Authors: James Hartley, Guillaume Cabanac
      First page: 11
      Abstract: The abstract is a crucial component of a research article. s head the text—and sometimes they can appear alone in separate listings (e.g., conference proceedings). The purpose of the abstract is to inform the reader succinctly what the paper is about, why and how the research was carried out, and what conclusions might be drawn. In this paper we consider the same (or a similar) abstract in 13 different formats to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of each approach.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020011
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 12: Selfish Memes: An Update of Richard
           Dawkins’ Bibliometric Analysis of Key Papers in Sociobiology

    • Authors: Craig Aaen-Stockdale
      First page: 12
      Abstract: In the second edition of The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins included a short bibliometric analysis of key papers instrumental to the sociobiological revolution, the intention of which was to support his proposal that ideas spread within a population in an epidemiological manner. In his analysis, Dawkins primarily discussed the influence of an article by British evolutionary biologist William Donald Hamilton which had introduced the concept of “inclusive fitness”, and he argued that citations to it were accumulating in a very different manner to two other seminal papers, demonstrating the appearance and spread of a new “meme” in circles. This paper re-examines Dawkins’ original analysis and the conclusions drawn from it, and updates those conclusions based on citation data accumulated in the intervening three decades since . This updated analysis shows that patterns of citation for the three papers, and Dawkins’ book itself, are actually remarkably similar and show no qualitative difference in citation growth. The data are well described by a two-phase exponential model of citation growth in which citations accumulate rapidly and then saturate at a slower level of growth dictated primarily by the general increase in production. It is speculated that this two-phase exponential growth, with some modification to account for papers that are not immediately discovered, may be a signature that will help to reveal the emergence of genuinely novel ideas within the literature.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020012
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 13: A Cover Story: Music Educators Journal and
           Historical-Political Narrativity

    • Authors: Patrick Freer
      First page: 13
      Abstract: This article reports results of a comprehensive content analysis of the 644 Music Educators Journal (MEJ) covers published between September 1914 and December 2015. For more than a century, MEJ’s covers conveyed carefully selected visual and textual imagery to all members of the growing association. The results of the content analysis were secondarily analyzed for elements of historical narrativity and political narrativity in music education. Results indicate that imagery related to nationalism and patriotism increased during times of conflict, the representation of people diversified as time progressed, and there is evidence that the first images of Black people on MEJ covers were intentionally placed for maximum impact. The article includes related historical information about MEJ and its evolving editorial processes.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020013
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 14: A Trust Framework for Online Research Data

    • Authors: Malcolm Wolski, Louise Howard, Joanna Richardson
      First page: 14
      Abstract: There is worldwide interest in the potential of open science to increase the quality, impact, and benefits of science and research. More recently, attention has been focused on aspects such as transparency, quality, and provenance, particularly in regard to data. For industry, citizens, and other researchers to participate in the open science agenda, further work needs to be undertaken to establish trust in research environments. Based on a critical review of the literature, this paper examines the issue of trust in an open science environment, using virtual laboratories as the focus for discussion. A trust framework, which has been developed from an end-user perspective, is proposed as a model for addressing relevant issues within online research data services and tools.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020014
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 15: Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of
           Editor Behavior through Potentially Coercive Citations

    • Authors: Claudiu Herteliu, Marcel Ausloos, Bogdan Ileanu, Giulia Rotundo, Tudorel Andrei
      First page: 15
      Abstract: How much is the h-index of an editor of a well-ranked journal improved due to citations which occur after his/her appointment? Scientific recognition within academia is widely measured nowadays by the number of citations or h-index. Our dataset is based on a sample of four editors from a well-ranked journal (impact factor, IF, greater than 2). The target group consists of two editors who seem to benefit by their position through an increased citation number (and subsequently h-index) within the journal. The total amount of citations for the target group is greater than 600. The control group is formed by another set of two editors from the same journal whose relations between their positions and their citation records remain neutral. The total amount of citations for the control group is more than 1200. The timespan for which the citations’ pattern has been studied is 1975–2015. Previous coercive citations for a journal’s benefit (an increase of its IF) has been indicated. To the best of our knowledge, this is a pioneering work on coercive citations for personal (editors’) benefit. Editorial teams should be aware about this type of potentially unethical behavior and act accordingly.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020015
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 16: Peer Review in Controversial
           Topics—A Case Study of 9/11

    • Authors: John Wyndham
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Beginning with an historical reminiscence, this paper examines the peer review process as experienced by authors currently seeking publication of their research in a highly controversial area. A case study of research into the events of 9/11 (11 September 2001) illustrates some of the problems in peer review arising from undue influences based on financial and political considerations. The paper suggests that ethical failures, rather than flaws in the process itself, are mainly responsible for perceived problems. The way forward lies in improved ethics and a more open process. In addition, editorial review boards and peer review strategies would help to improve the ethics of peer review in general.
      PubDate: 2017-06-06
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020016
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 17: Peer Review and Churchill

    • Authors: Alan Singleton
      First page: 17
      Abstract: n/a
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020017
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 2: Research Data Reusability: Conceptual
           Foundations, Barriers and Enabling Technologies

    • Authors: Costantino Thanos
      First page: 2
      Abstract: High-throughput scientific instruments are generating massive amounts of data. Today, one of the main challenges faced by researchers is to make the best use of the world’s growing wealth of data. Data (re)usability is becoming a distinct characteristic of modern scientific practice. By data (re)usability, we mean the ease of using data for legitimate scientific research by one or more communities of research (consumer communities) that is produced by other communities of research (producer communities). Data (re)usability allows the reanalysis of evidence, reproduction and verification of results, minimizing duplication of effort, and building on the work of others. It has four main dimensions: policy, legal, economic and technological. The paper addresses the technological dimension of data reusability. The conceptual foundations of data reuse as well as the barriers that hamper data reuse are presented and discussed. The data publication process is proposed as a bridge between the data author and user and the relevant technologies enabling this process are presented.
      PubDate: 2017-01-09
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010002
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 3: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of
           Publications in 2016

    • Authors: Publications Editorial Office
      First page: 3
      Abstract: The editors of Publications would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2016. [...]
      PubDate: 2017-01-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010003
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 4: “Second Language Writing” Publications
           in Web of Science: A Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Beril Arik, Engin Arik
      First page: 4
      Abstract: There are several indicators that distinguish an academic discipline, including journals, conferences, and graduate programs. One of them is the presence of academic publications in well-regarded citation indices such as Web of Science (WoS). This study explored the bibliometric characteristics of publications on “second language writing” (SLW) covered in the Social Sciences Citation Index and the Arts & Humanities Citation Index of WoS. We found that, while the first appeared in 1992 with a steady increase in recent years, there were a total of 266 SLW publications, mostly in the linguistics research area (92%), in the WoS between 1900 and 2013. The publications included articles, book reviews, and bibliographies written by 1.64 authors per publication, suggesting a low level of collaborations among SLW scholars. They cited 31.44 publications and received citations from 5.90 publications on average. An average SLW title had 2.49 different words and a total of 10.85 words, with an abstract of about five sentences and about six keywords and diverse topics including second language writing, writing, academic writing, error correction, and plagiarism. Our findings will be of value to second language writing scholars, graduate students, and practitioners for examining the status of their field.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010004
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 5: Accountability and High Impact Journals in
           the Health Sciences

    • Authors: Alison Buchan
      First page: 5
      Abstract: As the requirement for accountability and demonstration of the impact of public and privately funded research increases, the practice of attributing impact to research published in high impact journals is on the rise. To investigate the relevance of existing bibliometrics laws to current health research practices, 57 research areas in Web of Science (WoS) representing the major and minor disciplines were studied. In the majority of cases, Garfield’s Law of Concentration is followed with 20% of journals in each area contributing 80% of the total citations. The major multidisciplinary journals formed an anomalous grouping with low overall citation rates, although those documents cited were at a level well above the norm. In all research areas studied, team science is the prevailing norm, single author publications were rarely present in the data sets. For researchers looking to maximize the uptake and recognition of their work, publication in the top journals in the appropriate research area would be the most effective strategy, which does not in many cases include the major multidisciplinary journals.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010005
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 2, Pages 1-13: Chinese Doctors Connecting to the
           English Publishing World: Literature Access, Editorial Services, and
           Training in Publication Skills

    • Authors: Yongyan Li
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: In the literature on academic publishing, little attention has been paid to the needs and concerns of non-English-speaking researchers in professional contexts. This paper addresses the gap in that literature by providing insights into the situation with medical doctors in China. Following an overview of the broad picture, I will report a case study, which was conducted at a major hospital in East China and which aimed at exploring how a group of orthopedic surgeons access the English medical literature and to what extent they seek the support of editorial services and training in academic writing/publication skills. The results of the study show that the participant doctors tend to rely on their students or overseas personal connections for access to full-text medical literature, and they have generally had limited experience with language editorial services and academic writing/publication skills seminars. The paper ends by discussing some challenges while proposing recommendations for enhancing Chinese doctors’ access to the full-text medical literature, as well as their understanding of the kind of support that can be provided by editorial services and training in publication skills.
      PubDate: 2013-12-31
      DOI: 10.3390/publications2010001
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 87-98: Research Misconduct—Definitions,
           Manifestations and Extent

    • Authors: Lutz Bornmann
      Pages: 87 - 98
      Abstract: In recent years, the international scientific community has been rocked by a number of serious cases of research misconduct. In one of these, Woo Suk Hwang, a Korean stem cell researcher published two articles on research with ground-breaking results in Science in 2004 and 2005. Both articles were later revealed to be fakes. This paper provides an overview of what research misconduct is generally understood to be, its manifestations and the extent to which they are thought to exist.
      PubDate: 2013-10-11
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1030087
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 3 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 99-112: Mandates and the Contributions of Open
           Genomic Data

    • Authors: Jingfeng Xia
      Pages: 99 - 112
      Abstract: This research attempts to seek changing patterns of raw data availability and their correlations with implementations of open mandate policies. With a list of 13,785 journal articles whose authors archived datasets in a popular biomedical data repository after these articles were published in journals, this research uses regression analysis to test the correlations between data contributions and mandate implementations. It finds that both funder-based and publisher-based mandates have a strong impact on scholars’ likelihood to contribute to open data repositories. Evidence also suggests that like policies have changed the habit of authors in selecting publishing venues: open access journals have been apparently preferred by those authors whose projects are sponsored by the federal government agencies, and these journals are also highly ranked in the biomedical fields. Various stakeholders, particularly institutional administrators and open access professionals, may find the findings of this research helpful for adjusting data management policies to increase the number of quality free datasets and enhance data usability. The data-sharing example in biomedical studies provides a good case to show the importance of policy-making in the reshaping of scholarly communication.
      PubDate: 2013-10-14
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1030099
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 3 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 113-139: The Open Access Divide

    • Authors: Jingfeng Xia
      Pages: 113 - 139
      Abstract: This paper is an attempt to review various aspects of the open access divide regarding the difference between those academics who support free sharing of data and scholarly output and those academics who do not. It provides a structured description by adopting the Ws doctrines emphasizing such questions as who, what, when, where and why for information-gathering. Using measurable variables to define a common expression of the open access divide, this study collects aggregated data from existing open access as well as non-open access publications including journal articles and extensive reports. The definition of the open access divide is integrated into the discussion of scholarship on a larger scale.
      PubDate: 2013-10-17
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1030113
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 3 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 140-145: Combating Fraud in Medical Research:
           Research Validation Standards Utilized by the Journal of Surgical

    • Authors: Bhavin Patel, Anahita Dua, Tom Koenigsberger, Sapan Desai
      Pages: 140 - 145
      Abstract: Fraud in medical publishing has risen to the national spotlight as manufactured and suspect data have led to retractions of papers in prominent journals. Moral turpitude in medical research has led to the loss of National Institute of Health (NIH) grants, directly affected patient care, and has led to severe legal ramifications for some authors. While there are multiple checks and balances in medical research to prevent fraud, the final enforcement lies with journal editors and publishers. There is an ethical and legal obligation to make careful and critical examinations of the medical research published in their journals. Failure to follow the highest standards in medical publishing can lead to legal liability and destroy a journal’s integrity. More significant, however, is the protection of the medical profession’s trust with their colleagues and the public they serve. This article discusses various techniques and tools available to editors and publishers that can help curtail fraud in medical publishing.
      PubDate: 2013-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1030140
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 3 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 49-55: The Importance of Free and Open Source
           Software and Open Standards in Modern Scientific Publishing

    • Authors: Michael Wilson, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
      Pages: 49 - 55
      Abstract: In this paper we outline the reasons why we believe a reliance on the use of proprietary computer software and proprietary file formats in scientific publication have negative implications for the conduct and reporting of science. There is increasing awareness and interest in the scientific community about the benefits offered by free and open source software. We discuss the present state of scientific publishing and the merits of advocating for a wider adoption of open standards in science, particularly where it concerns the publishing process.
      PubDate: 2013-06-26
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1020049
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 56-77: Open Access and the Changing Landscape
           of Research Impact Indicators: New Roles for Repositories

    • Authors: Isabel Bernal
      Pages: 56 - 77
      Abstract: The debate about the need to revise metrics that evaluate research excellence has been ongoing for years, and a number of studies have identified important issues that have yet to be addressed. Internet and other technological developments have enabled the collection of richer data and new approaches to research assessment exercises. Open access strongly advocates for maximizing research impact by enhancing seamless accessibility. In addition, new tools and strategies have been used by open access journals and repositories to showcase how science can benefit from free online dissemination. Latest players in the debate include initiatives based on alt-metrics, which enrich the landscape with promising indicators. To start with, the article gives a brief overview of the debate and the role of open access in advancing a new frame to assess science. Next, the work focuses on the strategy that the Spanish National Research Council’s repository DIGITAL.CSIC is implementing to collect a rich set of statistics and other metrics that are useful for repository administrators, researchers and the institution alike. A preliminary analysis of data hints at correlations between free dissemination of research through DIGITAL.CSIC and enhanced impact, reusability and sharing of CSIC science on the web.
      PubDate: 2013-07-19
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1020056
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 78-86: The Normalization of Citation Counts
           Based on Classification Systems

    • Authors: Lutz Bornmann, Werner Marx, Andreas Barth
      Pages: 78 - 86
      Abstract: If we want to assess whether the paper in question has had a particularly high or low citation impact compared to other papers, the standard practice in bibliometrics is to normalize citations in respect of the subject category and publication year. A number of proposals for an improved procedure in the normalization of citation impact have been put forward in recent years. Against the background of these proposals, this study describes an ideal solution for the normalization of citation impact: in a first step, the reference set for the publication in question is collated by means of a classification scheme, where every publication is associated with a single principal research field or subfield entry (e.g., via Chemical Abstracts sections) and a publication year. In a second step, percentiles of citation counts are calculated for this set and used to assign the normalized citation impact score to the publications (and also to the publication in question).
      PubDate: 2013-08-02
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1020078
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 2 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 5-15: Open Access—Are the Barriers to
           Change Receding?

    • Authors: Bo-Christer Björk
      Pages: 5 - 15
      Abstract: The move from subscription only publishing of scholarly articles to open access has been much slower than previously anticipated by many Open Access (OA) advocates. Despite the many advantages that OA offers, this particular branch of E-commerce imposes several formidable barriers to change. A framework conceptualizing these barriers that was developed over a decade ago was revisited to see if the significance of these barriers has changed. Nowadays, building the IT infrastructure, support from indexing services and finding a sustainable business model are no longer important barriers. For gold OA publishing the academic reward system is still a major obstacle, whereas more marketing and critical mass is needed for both gold OA and green OA. Green OA self-archiving is still also strongly affected by what subscription publishers allow. In the overall balance the situation has nevertheless improved significantly.
      PubDate: 2013-04-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1010005
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 16-26: Types of Open Access Publishers in

    • Authors: David Solomon
      Pages: 16 - 26
      Abstract: This study assessed characteristics of publishers who published 2010 open access (OA) journals indexed in Scopus. Publishers were categorized into six types; professional, society, university, scholar/researcher, government, and other organizations. Type of publisher was broken down by number of journals/articles published in 2010, funding model, location, discipline and whether the journal was born or converted to OA. Universities and societies accounted for 50% of the journals and 43% of the articles published. Professional publisher accounted for a third of the journals and 42% of the articles. With the exception of professional and scholar/researcher publishers, most journals were originally subscription journals that made at least their digital version freely available. Arts, humanities and social science journals are largely published by societies and universities outside the major publishing countries. Professional OA publishing is most common in biomedicine, mathematics, the sciences and engineering. Approximately a quarter of the journals are hosted on national/international platforms, in Latin America, Eastern Europe and Asia largely published by universities and societies without the need for publishing fees. This type of collaboration between governments, universities and/or societies may be an effective means of expanding open access publications.
      PubDate: 2013-05-06
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1010016
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 27-29: Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical
           and Economic Aspects. By Neil Jacobs, Chandos Publishing, 2006; 264 Pages.
           Price £42.50 / US $70.00 / €50.00, ISBN 978-1-84334-203-8

    • Authors: Shu-Kun Lin
      Pages: 27 - 29
      Abstract: The following paragraphs are reproduced from the website of the publisher [1]. This book brings together many of the world’s leading open access experts to provide an analysis of the key strategic, technical and economic aspects on the topic of open access. Open access to research papers is perhaps a defining debate for publishers, librarians, university managers and many researchers within the international academic community. Starting with a description of the current situation and its shortcomings, this book then defines the varieties of open access and addresses some of the many misunderstandings to which the term sometimes gives rise. There are chapters on the technologies involved, researchers, perspectives, and the business models of key players. These issues are then illustrated in a series of case studies from around the world, including the USA, UK, Netherlands, Australia and India. Open access is a far-reaching shift in scholarly communication, and the book concludes by going beyond today’s debate and looking at the kind of research world that would be possible with open access to research outputs.
      PubDate: 2013-05-24
      DOI: 10.3390/publications1010027
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2013)
  • Publications, Vol. 1, Pages 1-4: Publications: A Journal Marking a
           Changing Time

    • Authors: John Regazzi
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Publishing, and by extension publication, is in a state of rapid flux. This has become evident in recent years, and some have now even characterized the domain as unstable, with the traditional forms of publication no longer being sustainable.[...]
      PubDate: 2012-12-12
      DOI: 10.3390/pub1010001
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 1 (2012)
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