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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2304-6775
   Published by MDPI Homepage  [148 journals]
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 6: Virtual Reference Services through Web
           Search Engines: Study of Academic Libraries in Pakistan

    • Authors: Rubia Khan, Arif Khan, Sidra Malik, Haroon Idrees
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Web search engines (WSE) are powerful and popular tools in the field of information service management. This study is an attempt to examine the impact and usefulness of web search engines in providing virtual reference services (VRS) within academic libraries in Pakistan. The study also attempts to investigate the relevant expertise and skills of library professionals in providing digital reference services (DRS) efficiently using web search engines. Methodology used in this study is quantitative in nature. The data was collected from fifty public and private sector universities in Pakistan using a structured questionnaire. Microsoft Excel and SPSS were used for data analysis. The study concludes that web search engines are commonly used by librarians to help users (especially research scholars) by providing digital reference services. The study also finds a positive correlation between use of web search engines and quality of digital reference services provided to library users. It is concluded that although search engines have increased the expectations of users and are really big competitors to a library’s reference desk, they are however not an alternative to reference service. Findings reveal that search engines pose numerous challenges for librarians and the study also attempts to bring together possible remedial measures. This study is useful for library professionals to understand the importance of search engines in providing VRS. The study also provides an intellectual comparison among different search engines, their capabilities, limitations, challenges and opportunities to provide VRS effectively in libraries.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020006
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 7: Transitioning from a Conventional to a
           ‘Mega’ Journal: A Bibliometric Case Study of the Journal Medicine

    • Authors: Simon Wakeling, Peter Willett, Claire Creaser, Jenny Fry, Stephen Pinfield, Valerie Spezi
      First page: 7
      Abstract: Open-Access Mega-Journals (OAMJs) are a relatively new and increasingly important publishing phenomenon. The journal Medicine is in the unique position of having transitioned in 2014 from being a ‘traditional’ highly-selective journal to the OAMJ model. This study compares the bibliometric profile of the journal Medicine before and after its transition to the OAMJ model. Three standard modes of bibliometric analysis are employed, based on data from Web of Science: journal output volume, author characteristics, and citation analysis. The journal’s article output is seen to have grown hugely since its conversion to an OAMJ, a rise driven in large part by authors from China. Articles published since 2015 have fewer citations, and are cited by lower impact journals than articles published before the OAMJ transition. The adoption of the OAMJ model has completely changed the bibliometric profile of the journal, raising questions about the impact of OAMJ peer-review practices. In many respects, the post-2014 version of Medicine is best viewed as a new journal rather than a continuation of the original title.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020007
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 8: Oceanographic Data Repositories: An
           Analysis of the International Situation

    • Authors: Fabiano Couto Corrêa da Silva, Ernest Abadal, Enrique Wulff
      First page: 8
      Abstract: The preservation and organization of oceanographic research data enables the scientific community to consult and reuse information of different kinds, and this is made possible by the repositories, meaning the services that facilitate data storage and dissemination. This paper reviews the current situation of oceanographic data repositories across different countries and evaluates them according to a series of indicators. The writers propose that although interest in storing and reusing oceanographic data has increased in recent years, the repositories are still in the process of developing their systems for processing, disseminating and reusing data. The repositories also differ in terms of architecture and the organizational level of the content they offer.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020008
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 9: Social Media Usage for Patients and
           Healthcare Consumers: A Literature Review

    • Authors: Ariana-Anamaria Cordoş, Sorana Bolboacă, Cristina Drugan
      First page: 9
      Abstract: The evolution of Internet from static Web “publishing” to the highly participative, and data-driven, innovations of Web 2.0 has been influencing how people search for health-related information. This review included studies indexed in the PubMed electronic database that focused on social media analysis, examining relationships between participants (patients and healthcare consumers) through social media usage. The obtained results showed that previous research regarding social media’s impact on patients and healthcare consumers aimed at a combination of platforms, but there is a penury of information about niche topics or its usage for retrieving medical information. Nevertheless, social media proved to be to be a promising tool in research mainly for recruitment purposes. The review has outlined that eHealth literacy is an attribute for populations that are female and relatively young and educated. Blogs share personal experiences, YouTube contains unregulated, high- and low-quality information that can mislead individuals, Facebook contains more marketing than health-related information, while Wikipedia is recommended for providing high-quality information. Despite healthcare practitioners’ and healthcare public institutions’ reluctance about the use of social media, this review demonstrates the usefulness of social media for patients and healthcare consumers in retrieving health-related information based on content availability and usage implications, and highlights gaps in knowledge that further research needs to fill.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020009
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 10: Authorship of Retraction Notices: “If
           Names Are Not Rectified, Then Language Will Not Be in Accord with

    • Authors: Guangwei Hu
      First page: 10
      Abstract: Retraction notices appear regularly in many scholarly journals, especially top-tier journals of science and engineering. One disconcerting feature of this emergent genre is evasion of authorship, that is, the deliberate obscuring of who has authored a particular retraction notice. This communication illustrates and discusses problems of evaded authorship of retraction notices. To address these problems, it proposes that scholarly journals should require explicit authorship of retraction notices and the inclusion of core generic components such as the content to be retracted, the reason(s) for the retraction, the attribution of responsibility, and the expression of mortification.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020010
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 11: Thirteen Ways to Write an Abstract

    • Authors: James Hartley, Guillaume Cabanac
      First page: 11
      Abstract: The abstract is a crucial component of a research article. s head the text—and sometimes they can appear alone in separate listings (e.g., conference proceedings). The purpose of the abstract is to inform the reader succinctly what the paper is about, why and how the research was carried out, and what conclusions might be drawn. In this paper we consider the same (or a similar) abstract in 13 different formats to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of each approach.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020011
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 12: Selfish Memes: An Update of Richard
           Dawkins’ Bibliometric Analysis of Key Papers in Sociobiology

    • Authors: Craig Aaen-Stockdale
      First page: 12
      Abstract: In the second edition of The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins included a short bibliometric analysis of key papers instrumental to the sociobiological revolution, the intention of which was to support his proposal that ideas spread within a population in an epidemiological manner. In his analysis, Dawkins primarily discussed the influence of an article by British evolutionary biologist William Donald Hamilton which had introduced the concept of “inclusive fitness”, and he argued that citations to it were accumulating in a very different manner to two other seminal papers, demonstrating the appearance and spread of a new “meme” in circles. This paper re-examines Dawkins’ original analysis and the conclusions drawn from it, and updates those conclusions based on citation data accumulated in the intervening three decades since . This updated analysis shows that patterns of citation for the three papers, and Dawkins’ book itself, are actually remarkably similar and show no qualitative difference in citation growth. The data are well described by a two-phase exponential model of citation growth in which citations accumulate rapidly and then saturate at a slower level of growth dictated primarily by the general increase in production. It is speculated that this two-phase exponential growth, with some modification to account for papers that are not immediately discovered, may be a signature that will help to reveal the emergence of genuinely novel ideas within the literature.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020012
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 13: A Cover Story: Music Educators Journal and
           Historical-Political Narrativity

    • Authors: Patrick Freer
      First page: 13
      Abstract: This article reports results of a comprehensive content analysis of the 644 Music Educators Journal (MEJ) covers published between September 1914 and December 2015. For more than a century, MEJ’s covers conveyed carefully selected visual and textual imagery to all members of the growing association. The results of the content analysis were secondarily analyzed for elements of historical narrativity and political narrativity in music education. Results indicate that imagery related to nationalism and patriotism increased during times of conflict, the representation of people diversified as time progressed, and there is evidence that the first images of Black people on MEJ covers were intentionally placed for maximum impact. The article includes related historical information about MEJ and its evolving editorial processes.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5020013
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 2: Research Data Reusability: Conceptual
           Foundations, Barriers and Enabling Technologies

    • Authors: Costantino Thanos
      First page: 2
      Abstract: High-throughput scientific instruments are generating massive amounts of data. Today, one of the main challenges faced by researchers is to make the best use of the world’s growing wealth of data. Data (re)usability is becoming a distinct characteristic of modern scientific practice. By data (re)usability, we mean the ease of using data for legitimate scientific research by one or more communities of research (consumer communities) that is produced by other communities of research (producer communities). Data (re)usability allows the reanalysis of evidence, reproduction and verification of results, minimizing duplication of effort, and building on the work of others. It has four main dimensions: policy, legal, economic and technological. The paper addresses the technological dimension of data reusability. The conceptual foundations of data reuse as well as the barriers that hamper data reuse are presented and discussed. The data publication process is proposed as a bridge between the data author and user and the relevant technologies enabling this process are presented.
      PubDate: 2017-01-09
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010002
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 3: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of
           Publications in 2016

    • Authors: Publications Editorial Office
      First page: 3
      Abstract: The editors of Publications would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2016. [...]
      PubDate: 2017-01-12
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010003
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 4: “Second Language Writing” Publications
           in Web of Science: A Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Beril Arik, Engin Arik
      First page: 4
      Abstract: There are several indicators that distinguish an academic discipline, including journals, conferences, and graduate programs. One of them is the presence of academic publications in well-regarded citation indices such as Web of Science (WoS). This study explored the bibliometric characteristics of publications on “second language writing” (SLW) covered in the Social Sciences Citation Index and the Arts & Humanities Citation Index of WoS. We found that, while the first appeared in 1992 with a steady increase in recent years, there were a total of 266 SLW publications, mostly in the linguistics research area (92%), in the WoS between 1900 and 2013. The publications included articles, book reviews, and bibliographies written by 1.64 authors per publication, suggesting a low level of collaborations among SLW scholars. They cited 31.44 publications and received citations from 5.90 publications on average. An average SLW title had 2.49 different words and a total of 10.85 words, with an abstract of about five sentences and about six keywords and diverse topics including second language writing, writing, academic writing, error correction, and plagiarism. Our findings will be of value to second language writing scholars, graduate students, and practitioners for examining the status of their field.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010004
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 5: Accountability and High Impact Journals in
           the Health Sciences

    • Authors: Alison Buchan
      First page: 5
      Abstract: As the requirement for accountability and demonstration of the impact of public and privately funded research increases, the practice of attributing impact to research published in high impact journals is on the rise. To investigate the relevance of existing bibliometrics laws to current health research practices, 57 research areas in Web of Science (WoS) representing the major and minor disciplines were studied. In the majority of cases, Garfield’s Law of Concentration is followed with 20% of journals in each area contributing 80% of the total citations. The major multidisciplinary journals formed an anomalous grouping with low overall citation rates, although those documents cited were at a level well above the norm. In all research areas studied, team science is the prevailing norm, single author publications were rarely present in the data sets. For researchers looking to maximize the uptake and recognition of their work, publication in the top journals in the appropriate research area would be the most effective strategy, which does not in many cases include the major multidisciplinary journals.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010005
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2017)
  • Publications, Vol. 5, Pages 1: White Paper on Research Data Service

    • Authors: Costantino Thanos, Friederike Klan, Kyriakos Kritikos, Leonardo Candela
      First page: 1
      Abstract: This White Paper reports the outcome of a Workshop on “Research Data Service Discoverability” held in the island of Santorini (GR) on 21–22 April 2016 and organized in the context of the EU funded Project “RDA-E3”. The Workshop addressed the main technical problems that hamper an efficient and effective discovery of Research Data Services (RDSs) based on appropriate semantic descriptions of their functional and non-functional aspects. In the context of this White Paper, by RDSs are meant those data services that manipulate/transform research datasets for the purpose of gaining insight into complicated issues. In this White Paper, the main concepts involved in the discovery process of RDSs are defined; the RDS discovery process is illustrated; the main technologies that enable the discovery of RDSs are described; and a number of recommendations are formulated for indicating future research directions and making an automatic RDS discovery feasible.
      PubDate: 2016-12-23
      DOI: 10.3390/publications5010001
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 29: A Middle-of-the-Road Proposal amid the
           Sci-Hub Controversy: Share “Unofficial” Copies of Articles without
           Embargo, Legally

    • Authors: Xiaotian Chen
      First page: 29
      Abstract: This article summarizes the two sides of the Sci-Hub debate, and raises awareness of the rights of journal article authors to post a certain version online that one is legally allowed to share, with no embargo.
      PubDate: 2016-09-23
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4040029
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 30: Open Access in Context: Connecting
           Authors, Publications and Workflows Using ORCID Identifiers

    • Authors: Josh Brown, Tom Demeranville, Alice Meadows
      First page: 30
      Abstract: As scholarly communications became digital, Open Access and, more broadly, open research, emerged among the most exciting possibilities of the academic Web. However, these possibilities have been constrained by phenomena carried over from the print age. Information resources dwell in discrete silos. It is difficult to connect authors and others unambiguously to specific outputs, despite advances in algorithmic matching. Connecting funding information, datasets, and other essential research information to individuals and their work is still done manually at great expense in time and effort. Given that one of the greatest benefits of the modern web is the rich array of links between digital objects and related resources that it enables, this is a significant failure. The ability to connect, discover, and access resources is the underpinning premise of open research, so tools to enable this, themselves open, are vital. The increasing adoption of resolvable, persistent identifiers for people, digital objects, and research information offers a means of providing these missing connections. This article describes some of the ways that identifiers can help to unlock the potential of open research, focusing on the Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID), a person identifier that also serves to link other identifiers.
      PubDate: 2016-09-26
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4040030
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 31: Research Articles about Open Access
           Indexed by Scopus: A Content Analysis

    • Authors: Rosângela Rodrigues, Vitor Taga, Mariana Passos
      First page: 31
      Abstract: This study analyzes research articles about open access (OA) indexed by the Scopus database, published from 2001 to 2015, in order to: (a) propose a categorization scheme about OA; (b) categorize the scientific production about OA; and (c) identify research trends on OA through disciplines at international level over time. The authors used descriptive statistical methods and deductive content analysis using an unconstrained matrix in 347 selected research articles. The most explored themes were found to be “overview, current state, and growth of OA” counting for 98 articles (28.2%), and “awareness, perceptions, and attitudes toward OA” for 75 articles (21.6%). As a conclusion, this study reveals a continuous and growing research interest by the OA community in studies focused on case studies regarding the development or evolution of OA in relation to certain groups, institutions, regions, periods, and how different actors perceive and address the OA movement.
      PubDate: 2016-10-11
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4040031
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 32: Think of It as a Trailer… for a Book

    • Authors: Ed Vollans
      First page: 32
      Abstract: The seemingly overnight emergence of a form of promotion known as ‘book trailers’ shortly after the turn of the millennium suggests a shift in the marketing and promotional strategies employed within the publishing industry. This article follows the historical development of the audio-visual form known as the ‘book trailer’ across its history with a view to understanding the form itself. This article uses third party mediation to identify ‘book trailers’ within the public domain, grounding this work within a broader media and literary history. As such, this article charts the use of the term ‘book trailer’ and its competing nomenclature through newspaper archives and contextualises this with antecedent practices, and integrating this with the current literature on the film trailer as part of a wider understanding of the promotional trailer as a cultural entity.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4040032
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 33: …Plus la Même Chose…

    • Authors: Alan Singleton
      First page: 33
      Abstract: In the last editorial (‘plus ça change’—[1]), we briefly looked at some of the major changes in scholarly communication, and how some things hadn’t changed at all.[...]
      PubDate: 2016-12-14
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4040033
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 19: Obstacles to Scholarly Publishing in the
           Social Sciences and Humanities: A Case Study of Vietnamese Scholars

    • Authors: Phuong Pho, Thi Tran
      First page: 19
      Abstract: Publishing scientific research is very important in contributing to the knowledge of a discipline and in sharing research findings among scientists. Based on the quantity and quality of publications, one can evaluate the research capacity of a researcher or the research performance of a university or a country. However, the number of quality publications in Vietnam is very low in comparison with those in the other countries in the region or in the world, especially in the fields of social sciences and humanities. Employing both quantitative and qualitative approaches, the current study investigates university lecturers’ attitudes towards research and publication and the obstacles to local and international publication at one of the main universities in social sciences and humanities in Vietnam. The study found the main barriers to publication are funding and time for research and publication, among many other obstacles. From the analysis of the data, the study would also argue that lecturers’ obstacles to publication may vary across faculties (or disciplines), ages, qualifications, education, research and publication experience. The findings in this study may be applied to other institutions in Vietnam or in other countries where English is used as a foreign language.
      PubDate: 2016-06-30
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030019
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 20: Publishing Patterns in BRIC Countries: A
           Network Analysis

    • Authors: Miguel Guevara, Marcelo Mendoza
      First page: 20
      Abstract: How similar are the publishing patterns of among Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC countries) in comparison with other countries? This is a question that we addressed by using networks as a tool to analyze the structure of similarities and disparities between countries. We analyzed the number of publications from 2006 to 2015 that are reported by SCImago Journal and Country Rank. With this information, we created a network in order to find the closest countries to BRIC ones, and also to find communities of similar countries favoring data analysis. We found that Brazil, China and Russia are not that close to the core cluster of countries that are more diversified. In opposition, India is closer to a community of countries that are more diverse in terms of publishing patterns. Furthermore, we found that, for different network topologies, Brazil acts as a bridge to connect developing countries and that Russia practices patterns that tend to isolate it from most of the countries.
      PubDate: 2016-07-15
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030020
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 21: Editorial Board Membership, Time to
           Accept, and the Effect on the Citation Counts of Journal Articles

    • Authors: Dalibor Fiala, Cecília Havrilová, Martin Dostal, Ján Paralič
      First page: 21
      Abstract: In this paper we report on a study of 1541 articles from three different journals (Journal of Informetrics, Information Processing and Management, and Computers and Electrical Engineering) from the period 2007–2014. We analyzed their dates of submission and of final decision to accept and investigated whether the difference between these two dates (the so-called “time to accept”) is smaller for the articles authored by the corresponding journal’s editorial board members and whether longer times to accept yield higher citation counts. The main results are that we found significantly shorter times to accept editorial board member’s articles only in Journal of Informetrics and not in the other two journals, and that articles in any of these journals that took longer to be accepted did not receive markedly more citations.
      PubDate: 2016-07-15
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030021
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 22: What Motivates Authors of Scholarly
           Articles? The Importance of Journal Attributes and Potential Audience on
           Publication Choice

    • Authors: Carol Tenopir, Elizabeth Dalton, Allison Fish, Lisa Christian, Misty Jones, MacKenzie Smith
      First page: 22
      Abstract: In this article we examine what motivations influence academic authors in selecting a journal in which to publish. A survey was sent to approximately 15,000 faculty, graduate students, and postdoctoral researchers at four large North American research universities with a response rate of 14.4% (n = 2021). Respondents were asked to rate how eight different journal attributes and five different audiences influence their choice of publication output. Within the sample, the most highly rated attributes are quality and reputation of journal and fit with the scope of the journal; open access is the least important attribute. Researchers at other research-intensive institutions are considered the most important audience, while the general public is the least important. There are significant differences across subject disciplines and position types. Our findings have implications for understanding the adoption of open access publishing models.
      PubDate: 2016-07-18
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030022
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 23: Structure of Moves in Research Article
           Abstracts in Applied Linguistics

    • Authors: Seden Can, Erkan Karabacak, Jingjing Qin
      First page: 23
      Abstract: An abstract summarizes the accompanying article in order to promote it. While many move-analysis studies of abstracts in applied linguistics (AL) have used similar coding frameworks and demonstrated similar rhetorical organizations, their findings have not yet been aggregated to show the overall picture. The present study aimed to both examine move structures in AL abstracts and compare the results with previous studies both synchronically and diachronically. Fifty abstracts were collected from articles published in the journal English for Specific Purposes (ESP) between 2011 and 2013. Sentences were coded using a five-move scheme adapted from previous studies. Combining the results from previous research and the present study showed that most AL abstracts give information on the purpose, methodology, and findings of the associated article, while about half of the articles omit introduction of the topic and discussion of the findings. It was also found that authors frequently violate the move sequence expected by current schemes. These findings consistent with previous research suggest that future researchers informed by move analyses should explore the connection between the findings of move analyses and teaching materials for academic writing.
      PubDate: 2016-07-18
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030023
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 24: Academic Publishing: Making the Implicit

    • Authors: Cecile Badenhorst, Xiaolin Xu
      First page: 24
      Abstract: For doctoral students, publishing in peer-reviewed journals is a task many face with anxiety and trepidation. The world of publishing, from choosing a journal, negotiating with editors and navigating reviewers’ responses is a bewildering place. Looking in from the outside, it seems that successful and productive academic writers have knowledge that is inaccessible to novice scholars. While there is a growing literature on writing for scholarly publication, many of these publications promote writing and publishing as a straightforward activity that anyone can achieve if they follow the rules. We argue that the specific and situated contexts in which academic writers negotiate publishing practices is more complicated and messy. In this paper, we attempt to make explicit our publishing processes to highlight the complex nature of publishing. We use autoethnographic narratives to provide discussion points and insights into the challenges of publishing peer reviewed articles. One narrative is by a doctoral student at the beginning of her publishing career, who expresses her desires, concerns and anxieties about writing for publication. The other narrative focuses on the publishing practices of a more experienced academic writer. Both are international scholars working in the Canadian context. The purpose of this paper is to explore academic publishing through the juxtaposition of these two narratives to make explicit some of the more implicit processes. Four themes emerge from these narratives. To publish successfully, academic writers need: (1) to be discourse analysts; (2) to have a critical competence; (3) to have writing fluency; and (4) to be emotionally intelligent.
      PubDate: 2016-07-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030024
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 25: Chinese Postgraduate Medical Students
           Researching for Publication

    • Authors: Yongyan Li
      First page: 25
      Abstract: The value of including a research component in medical students’ training programs has been widely recognized. Nevertheless, examples of how this may be done are rarely found in the literature. The case study reported in this short paper aimed to address this gap in the literature by investigating how a group of postgraduate students attached to the Orthopedics Department of a major hospital in China engaged in research for publication. Fourteen students were interviewed, and their “mission lists” were analyzed to reveal the students’ research profiles, the sources of their research ideas, and their data collection activities. The study showed that the students pursued more clinical than basic research topics, their research topics often fell under their immediate supervisors’ larger projects, and the students were actively engaged in the gathering of research data on the wards and at the outpatient clinic. The reported study does not claim generalizability of its findings. More of such reports from various settings in different parts of the world are needed to enhance constructive exchanges and mutual learning.
      PubDate: 2016-07-27
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030025
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 26: Thesis Supervisors as Literacy Brokers in

    • Authors: Ron Martinez, Karin Graf
      First page: 26
      Abstract: In Brazil, as in much of the academic world, there is an increasing acknowledgement among scholars that their chances of having their research noticed by a geographically diverse scientific community increase when that research is communicated in English. At the same time, much like the majority of the world, the first language of Brazil is not English, which raises one question that heretofore has not been addressed in the context of that country: How do Brazilian scholars write their research articles in English? That question drove the initial phase of the exploratory study described in the present paper, and it is one that also led the authors to discover that one key agent in the publishing process in Brazilian academia is the dissertation/thesis supervisor. Questionnaire and interview data collected from students and supervisors at a Brazilian university suggest that student and lecturer alike see the need and value of specialized writing guidance, yet neither party seems to ascribe the role of “literacy broker” (a person who contributes to the development of a text intended for publication) to the thesis supervisor in any specific way. Pedagogical implications and directions for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-08-05
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030026
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 27: Introduction to the Special Issue:
           Researching, Teaching, and Supporting Research Publication—Issues for
           Users of English as an Additional Language

    • Authors: Margaret Cargill
      First page: 27
      Abstract: The ‘industry’ of research publication has now grown to mammoth proportions and its participants—authors, reviewers, editors, publishers and more—come from increasingly diverse locations and backgrounds, including of language.[...]
      PubDate: 2016-08-10
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030027
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 28: Plus ça Change……

    • Authors: Alan Singleton
      First page: 28
      Abstract: n/a
      PubDate: 2016-09-07
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4030028
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 9: Perish or Publish in China: Pressures on
           Young Chinese Scholars to Publish in Internationally Indexed Journals

    • Authors: Mei Tian, Yan Su, Xin Ru
      First page: 9
      Abstract: To boost their research productivities, Chinese universities are putting great pressure on their research-active staff to publish in internationally indexed journals. However, the emerging publish-or-perish culture in China has seen little empirical investigation thus far. In the research reported in this article, semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven young researchers in science and engineering disciplines at a research-centered university in central China. The study showed that these young scholars faced great pressure to publish papers in internationally indexed journals. Consequently, the participants were reluctant to spend time on other academic activities, including teaching training. They also reported considerable work time devoted to writing, which resulted in fatigue and negatively affected family relations. The participants admitted that they had to rush to publish, and therefore were less likely to produce papers of better quality or those with novel discoveries. The research contributes to our reflection upon Chinese universities’ increasing use of the number of international publications as a major assessment and incentive measurement of their faculties’ academic performance.
      PubDate: 2016-04-01
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020009
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 10: Editing in Jamaica 1989–1998

    • Authors: Stephen Donovan
      First page: 10
      Abstract: Despite changes in technology that have improved both production and the final product, small local journals still have a low profile and struggle to obtain adequate copy, in terms of both quality and quantity. My experiences as editor of two small journals in Jamaica in the 1990s provided similar problems to those that are encountered by many editors today. Endeavour to persevere, but, if you are not appreciated, be prepared to resign in order to retain your own respect. There will always be more jobs for good editors.
      PubDate: 2016-04-08
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020010
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 11: Content and Phrasing in Titles of Original
           Research and Review Articles in 2015: Range of Practice in Four Clinical

    • Authors: Mary Kerans, Anne Murray, Sergi Sabatè
      First page: 11
      Abstract: Reporting guidelines for clinical research designs emerged in the mid-1990s and have influenced various aspects of research articles, including titles, which have also been subject to changing uses with the growth of electronic database searching and efforts to reduce bias in literature searches. We aimed (1) to learn more about titles in clinical medicine today and (2) to develop an efficient, reliable way to study titles over time and on the fly—for quick application by authors, manuscript editors, translators and instructors. We compared content and form in titles from two general medical journals—the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) and the British Medical Journal—and two anesthesiology journals (the European Journal of Anaesthesiology and Anesthesiology); we also analyzed the inter-rater reliability of our coding. Significant content differences were found in the frequencies of mentions of methods, results (between general and subspecialty titles), and geographic setting; phrasing differences were found in the prevalence of full-sentence and compound titles (and their punctuation). NEJM titles were significantly shorter, and this journal differed consistently on several features. We conclude that authors must learn to efficiently survey titles for form and content patterns when preparing manuscripts to submit to unfamiliar journals or on resubmitting to a new journal after rejection.
      PubDate: 2016-04-14
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020011
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 12: Issues with Publishing Abstracts in
           English: Challenges for Portuguese Linguists’ Authorial Voices

    • Authors: Joana Santos, Paulo da Silva
      First page: 12
      Abstract: This paper assesses the impact of publishing abstracts in English in the Portuguese Linguistics Association (APL) Proceedings from 2001 to 2010. The study was carried out with a corpus of 137 abstracts, follows a Text Linguistics model inspired by the Interactionnisme Sociodiscoursif and links text features to the social practices and genre repertoires of this community. Quantitative data show signs of a “Portuguese identity” in authors’ voices such as personal forms, move signaling, long sentences, profuse embedding, heavy subjects, and variations in content selection, but also signs of standard academic guideline-indexed choices in impersonal forms, template sentences, coordinated constituents, nominalizations, and conventional text plans. Standard genre models and writing features from “core” academic communities coexist with alternative and traditional ways of writing and of disseminating knowledge, which is typical of a semiperipheral non-native English-speaking community torn between conflicting language and cultural paradigms. These contrasting tendencies are linked to identity changes within the community, as APL authors try to achieve international recognition by publishing abstracts in English as a Foreign Language. Since the APL research topic is the Portuguese language, the process mirrors the authors’ struggle between standard internationalization in English and individual stance in Portuguese.
      PubDate: 2016-04-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020012
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 13: A Vision for Open Cyber-Scholarly

    • Authors: Costantino Thanos
      First page: 13
      Abstract: The characteristics of modern science, i.e., data-intensive, multidisciplinary, open, and heavily dependent on Internet technologies, entail the creation of a linked scholarly record that is online and open. Instrumental in making this vision happen is the development of the next generation of Open Cyber-Scholarly Infrastructures (OCIs), i.e., enablers of an open, evolvable, and extensible scholarly ecosystem. The paper delineates the evolving scenario of the modern scholarly record and describes the functionality of future OCIs as well as the radical changes in scholarly practices including new reading, learning, and information-seeking practices enabled by OCIs.
      PubDate: 2016-05-24
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020013
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 14: Knowledge Production in Two Types of
           Medical PhD Routes—What’s to Gain?

    • Authors: Andrada Urda-Cîmpean, Sorana Bolboacă, Andrei Achimaş-Cadariu, Tudor Drugan
      First page: 14
      Abstract: Purpose: To assess the assumption that differences exist between the traditional and publication-based PhD routes in terms of the thesis’ length and the scientific publications originating from it. Method: A retrospective comparative study on medical PhD theses offered by an online repository was performed. All free full-text medical PhD theses defended at United Kingdom institutions between 2003 and 2015 were analyzed and assigned to the traditional (TT) or publication based thesis (PBT) group. Several characteristics of theses and thesis-related articles were collected and analyzed. The thesis-related articles were investigated regarding quantity and visibility (citations, impact factor, and journal rank). Results: The theses length proved similar in PBT and TT group. PBT group included significantly more studies than TT group (mean 4.44 vs. 2.67) also reflected in significantly more thesis-related articles. The percentage of articles listed in Web of Science and published in a journal with impact factor proved significantly lower in TT compared with PBT group. On the contrary, article citations were significantly higher for TT. Both groups published similarly in high-ranked journals (Q1 or Q2). Conclusion: The research productivity originating from the PBT group was, as expected, significantly larger but not significantly more visible than those from TT group.
      PubDate: 2016-06-08
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020014
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 15: Magazine Publishing Innovation: Two Case
           Studies on Managing Creativity

    • Authors: Simon Das
      First page: 15
      Abstract: This paper aims to highlight a link between publishing business innovation and how editors manage creativity in the digital era. Examining the changing industrial and historical business context for the U.K. magazine publishing industry, two case studies are analyzed as representatives of different ends of the publishing company spectrum (one a newly launched magazine published by a major, the other an independent ‘magazine’ website start-up). Qualitative data analysis on publishing innovation and managing creativity is presented as a springboard for further research on magazine media management.
      PubDate: 2016-06-09
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020015
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 16: Stepping up Open Science Training for
           European Research

    • Authors: Birgit Schmidt, Astrid Orth, Gwen Franck, Iryna Kuchma, Petr Knoth, José Carvalho
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Open science refers to all things open in research and scholarly communication: from publications and research data to code, models and methods as well as quality evaluation based on open peer review. However, getting started with implementing open science might not be as straightforward for all stakeholders. For example, what do research funders expect in terms of open access to publications and/or research data? Where and how to publish research data? How to ensure that research results are reproducible? These are all legitimate questions and, in particular, early career researchers may benefit from additional guidance and training. In this paper we review the activities of the European-funded FOSTER project which organized and supported a wide range of targeted trainings for open science, based on face-to-face events and on a growing suite of e-learning courses. This article reviews the approach and experiences gained from the first two years of the project.
      PubDate: 2016-06-17
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020016
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 17: Open Access, Innovation, and Research

    • Authors: Benedikt Fecher, Gert Wagner
      First page: 17
      Abstract: In this article we argue that the current endeavors to achieve open access in scientific literature require a discussion about innovation in scholarly publishing and research infrastructure. Drawing on path dependence theory and addressing different open access (OA) models and recent political endeavors, we argue that academia is once again running the risk of outsourcing the organization of its content.
      PubDate: 2016-06-20
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020017
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 18: Counteracting Domain Loss and Epistemicide
           in Specialized Discourse: A Case Study on the Translation of Anglophone
           Metaphors to French

    • Authors: Geneviève Bordet
      First page: 18
      Abstract: The dominance of English as the world language of publication has had a decisive impact on the dissemination of information and innovation across cultures, with a resulting tendency to a standardization of scientific conceptualization. This dominance does not only impact scientific and academic discourse, but also the whole range of professional and technical texts representative of various specialized discourses. This paper advocates engaging in the practice of dynamic translation to keep non-English specialized languages alive. Advanced students’ analysis of translation projects yields revealing examples of conflicting views of the world, between English and French, in emerging and controversial fields such as “shadow banking” or “human branding”. The students’ evaluation of alternative solutions to problems of equivalence highlights the cultural gaps which exist within global fields of knowledge and can be interpreted in terms of the intercultural and interlinguistic transfer of specialized metaphor. It is shown that the practice and analysis of translation provide an appropriate approach for a better understanding of languages for specific purposes (LSP) and the development of awareness of domain loss and epistemicide.
      PubDate: 2016-06-21
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4020018
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 1: Scientific Production on Open Access: A
           Worldwide Bibliometric Analysis in the Academic and Scientific Context

    • Authors: Sandra Miguel, Ely Tannuri de Oliveira, Maria Cabrini Grácio
      First page: 1
      Abstract: This research aims to diachronically analyze the worldwide scientific production on open access, in the academic and scientific context, in order to contribute to knowledge and visualization of its main actors. As a method, bibliographical, descriptive and analytical research was used, with the contribution of bibliometric studies, especially the production indicators, scientific collaboration and indicators of thematic co-occurrence. The Scopus database was used as a source to retrieve the articles on the subject, with a resulting corpus of 1179 articles. Using Bibexcel software, frequency tables were constructed for the variables, and Pajek software was used to visualize the collaboration network and VoSViewer for the construction of the keywords’ network. As for the results, the most productive researchers come from countries such as the United States, Canada, France and Spain. Journals with higher impact in the academic community have disseminated the new constructed knowledge. A collaborative network with a few subnets where co-authors are from different countries has been observed. As conclusions, this study allows identifying the themes of debates that mark the development of open access at the international level, and it is possible to state that open access is one of the new emerging and frontier fields of library and information science.
      PubDate: 2016-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 2: Open Access Publishing of Health Research:
           Does Open Access Publishing Facilitate the Translation of Research into
           Health Policy and Practice?

    • Authors: Simon Spedding
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Health practitioners and policy makers translate health research into practice and policy. However, these end users have limited access to full versions of peer-reviewed literature in subscription journals. Thus, the essential information bypasses the people it is designed to help and the health benefits of medical research are limited and delayed. Open access (OA) publishing is one strategy to facilitate the translation of research to improve health. This review explores the evidence that OA publishing is an effective strategy to facilitate the translation of research and improve health. The review examines citation benefit, knowledge translation, diffusion impact, self-archiving and regional responses, and found entrenched views about OA publishing but little empirical research.The many biases and flaws in published research lead to a high level of waste and limit the ability to find innovative solutions to the burgeoning health costs. Evidence is presented here that OA publishing would facilitate a reduction in these flaws and biases, reduce waste in research and facilitate innovation. Although there are positive signs of change, more action and more research are needed.
      PubDate: 2016-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010002
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 3: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of
           Publications in 2015

    • Authors: Publications Editorial Office
      First page: 3
      Abstract: The editors of Publications would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2015. [...]
      PubDate: 2016-01-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 4: Internationality of Publications,

    • Authors: Dirce Santin, Samile de Souza Vanz, Sonia Caregnato
      First page: 4
      Abstract: The international dimensions of contemporary science have significantly impacted production and use patterns of scientific knowledge, which, in turn, requires new insights of librarians, publishers and academic institutions. Despite the recognized importance of internationality in science, studies on the internationalization of scientific output are still limited and dedicated exclusively to analyzing of its diffusion and international collaboration. This study analyzes the national/international character of articles, international collaboration, references and citations of Brazilian scientific output in Evolutionary Biology in order to understand the contribution to the internationalization of science in Brazil. Analyses are based on data from the Science Citation Index of Web of Science and include 1450 articles, 60,454 references and 18,059 citing documents. Results reveal similar internationality patterns, with 99.6% of articles published in foreign journals, 90.5% international references, and 88.5% international citations. Despite recording the lowest value among the indicators (51.9%), international collaboration surpasses the national and international average and is an important characteristic in the field in Brazil, contributing to increasing the number of references and the impact of articles. Evolutionary Biology is considered a predominantly international field, whose internationality patterns increase the audience for the studies and provide greater visibility for Brazilian science.
      PubDate: 2016-02-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010004
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 5: English or Englishes in Global Academia: A
           Text-Historical Take on Genre Analysis

    • Authors: Oliver Shaw
      First page: 5
      Abstract: The challenge of publishing internationally for non-native English speakers (NNESs) is substantial, although there are conflicting accounts as to how NNES-authored texts fare in English-medium journals and the nature of the criticism levied at these texts. Collaborators from a wide variety of backgrounds and skill sets may contribute to these texts, and the aspects they focus on differ based on their profile. One of these aspects, rhetorical appropriateness, is of interest to the study of NNES writing because of difficulties authors have in adapting to the discourse-level features of English-medium academic texts. This article presents a multi-year research project exploring the rhetorical characteristics of writing produced by 10 NNES academics seeking to publish in international biomedical journals. Using a text-historical approach, the study traces the arc of 10 different research articles across multiple drafts, analyzing the processes and agents behind these drafts and the feedback received from target journals. Focusing on rhetorically significant changes made across different drafts and comments concerning linguistic issues, this paper seeks to further the understanding of English as a lingua franca within written discourse in the field of biomedicine. One text history is presented to exemplify the methods.
      PubDate: 2016-02-24
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010005
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 6: A Proposal for Critical-Pragmatic
           Pedagogical Approaches to English for Research Publication Purposes

    • Authors: James Corcoran, Karen Englander
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Despite the increasing demands on many multilingual scholars outside the centre(s) of scientific knowledge production to publish their research in international scholarly journals, the support for such academic writing for publication is uneven at best. Existing English for research publication purposes (ERPP) instruction typically aims to aid multilingual scholars in achieving genre-based expectations and/or navigating the submission and review process, but it often does not address the politics of English-language knowledge production. In this paper, informed by an empirical case study and a theory building perspective, we address the need for a sustained program of courses/workshops for multilingual scholars in the (semi-) periphery and propose a means of operationalizing a critical-pragmatic approach to such course/workshop content. Our empirically-driven model is informed by the results of a recent case study investigation into an intensive ERPP intervention designed to address multilingual Spanish-speaking L1 scholars’ challenges with writing research articles for publication in indexed (Web of Science) international scientific journals. Our model lays the groundwork for a more critical approach to ERPP pedagogy, one that attempts to attend more fully to the needs of multilingual scholars within an asymmetrical market of global knowledge production.
      PubDate: 2016-03-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010006
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 7: Creative Commons and Appropriation:
           Implicit Collaboration in Digital Works

    • Authors: R. Skains
      First page: 7
      Abstract: Appropriation is a common practice in art and literature; electronic literature in particular lends itself readily to appropriation and collaboration, due to its multimodal and born-digital nature. This paper presents practice-based research examining the effects of digital appropriation on two works of digital fiction (a hyperfiction and an interactive fiction), demonstrating how it alters the creative writer’s typical process, as well as the resulting narrative itself. This practice of appropriation results in “implicit collaboration” between the digital creative writer and those whose work is appropriated, an arguable form of shared authorship. Questions regarding the ethics of this practice, including copyright concerns and authorship, are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-03-22
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010007
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
  • Publications, Vol. 4, Pages 8: Editorial for Publications March 2016

    • Authors: Alan Singleton
      First page: 8
      Abstract: Welcome to the latest issue of Publications, a journal for studies and opinion on all aspects of scholarly publishing and communication.[...]
      PubDate: 2016-03-23
      DOI: 10.3390/publications4010008
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)
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