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Canadian Journal of Disability Studies
   [9 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1929-9192
     Published by University of Waterloo Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Access to Assistive Technology and Single Entry Point Programs

    • Authors: Valerie Penton, Diana L. Gustafson
      Abstract: People with disabilities experience greater social and economic barriers and higher levels of poverty than people without disabilities. Assistive Technology (AT) helps address barriers and can positively impact on the health of people with disabilities. However, disparities in provision of AT services and supports remain. This exploratory study sought to understand the barriers consumers faced in acquiring and being satisfied with AT in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). Evidence on efficacy of single entry point systems (SEP) was reviewed for future planning and policy change. The mixed method design employed descriptive analysis of a survey of adults with various disabilities who were using AT devices or supports (n=49), and thematic analysis of individual interviews with disability service providers (n =8) in community and post-secondary settings throughout NL. Consumers and service providers recognize the benefits of AT but express dissatisfaction with programs and services. Lack of knowledge, training and funding subsidies were the most significant barriers to accessing AT supports. The potential benefit of a single entry point (SEP) system and subsidy programs, modeled after Canadian and Australian initiatives, is considered. Both initiatives have the potential to improve access and utilization of AT, in a region where health disparities are associated with geographical, social and economic differences. These findings may be relevant to other regions where the population is located in small urban, rural, remote areas.
      PubDate: 2014-02-16
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • “I don’t think I get bullied because I am different or because
           I have autism”: Bullying Experiences Among Middle Years Children
           with Disabilities and Other Differences

    • Authors: Amanda Ajodhia-Andrews
      Abstract: This study explores conceptualizations and experiences of bullying and victimization from the perspectives of 6 Canadian children (ages 10-13) with intersecting differences of race, ethnicity, language, and disability.  Utilizing narrative and critical discourse analysis designs, alongside multi-method data collection approaches with creative participatory techniques, participants shared bullying experiences and their re influence on school belonging.  Participants highlighted (a) characteristics of bullies; (b) physical, verbal, social/relational aggressive experiences; (c) various strategies for managing bullying occurrences; and (d) notions of difference and victimization.  This paper speaks to the importance of listening to the voices of children from traditionally oppressed groups, particularly those with autism and other disabilities, as their insights expand traditional understandings of categories of normalcy and difference within school spaces.
      PubDate: 2014-02-11
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Ableism and Racism: Barriers in the Labour Market

    • Authors: Marianne Pieper, Jamal Haji Mohammadi
      Abstract: Despite the existence of legal instruments designed to protect against discrimination, people with disabilities and with a migrant background nonetheless experience significant barriers in the labour market. As a qualitative study conducted in Hamburg shows, discrimination in the labour market of a Germany embarked on a neoliberal course, rather than working through absolute exclusion, works instead through forms of “limited inclusion”. This paper discusses the extent to which, in this context, ableism and racism act as “bio-political caesuras” (Foucault 2003), although not recognisable as such, since they appear as individualised questions of efficiency, competence, motivation, and the willingness to integrate and thus become the responsibility of those affected.
      PubDate: 2014-02-08
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Psychiatric Survivors/Consumers Die and Nothing Is Done: An Examination of
           the Discriminatory Nature of the Ontario Coroner’s Act

    • Authors: Tracy Mack
      Abstract: Through a critical examination of the Ontario Coroners Act, this paper reveals the expansive loopholes within the legislation disallowing public inquests in regards to the deaths of Mad people held in police custody, psychiatric hospitals and correctional facilities. The lethal abuses and rights violations occurring within the system are neither oversights nor technicalities, but rather are a result of the standard procedures and applications of the Coroners Act.  An in-depth investigation of cases mandated under the legislation, further demonstrates how these deaths are attended to with a level of ambiguity, along with an expansive and arbitrary interpretation of the Coroners Act, providing ample leeway to disregard holding open, public, and transparent inquests, is evidence that these deaths remain improperly investigated, if they are at all. Legislative change to the Coroners Act is urgently required in order to have these deaths seriously investigated and to prevent the continuation of psychiatric consumers/survivors dying suspiciously under the control of the state.
      PubDate: 2014-02-08
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Disabling Excess: Sacrificial Violence and Disability as Divine Punishment
           in Les Commettants de Caridad

    • Authors: Julie Robert
      Abstract: The idea of disability as divine punishment is an enduring myth that French-Canadian author Yves Thériault draws upon in his 1966 novel, Les Commettants de Caridad. The narratologically complex story tells of how a proud but deceitful man acquired his multiple disabilities, all the while unsettling the link between disability and punishment, divine or otherwise. Using narratological analyses, Girard’s theories on violence and scapegoating, and Derridean notions of supplementarity and excess, this article suggests that Thériault’s implicit project is one that mobilizes hyperbolic representations of disability and reactions to it not to shore up stereotypical uses of disability in literature, but rather to undermine
      PubDate: 2014-02-08
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Review of The Question of Access: Disability, Space, Meaning by Tanya

    • Authors: Mark Castrodale
      Abstract: Review of The Question of Access: Disability, Space, Meaning by Tanya Titchkosky
      PubDate: 2014-02-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Review of Sex and Disability by Robert McRuer & Anna Mollow

    • Authors: Kelly Fritsch
      Abstract: Review of Sex and Disability by Robert McRuer & Anna Mollow
      PubDate: 2014-02-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Review of A Life Without Words [Motion Picture] by Adam Isenberg &
           Senem Tuzen

    • Authors: Ortal Meir
      Abstract: Review of A Life Without Words [Motion Picture] by Adam Isenberg & Senem Tuzen
      PubDate: 2014-02-06
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
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