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Journal Cover   Canadian Journal of Disability Studies
  [13 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1929-9192
   Published by University of Waterloo Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Ontario’s Institutional Cycle: Considering the Relationship Between
           Fictional Narratives and Policy Discourses in the Construction of Mental

    • Authors: Karen McCauley, Duncan Matheson
      Pages: 1 - 34
      Abstract: There is a substantial literature theorizing ways that fictional narrative informs how identity is constructed and experienced in day-to-day life.  However, there has been very little research on the ways that constructions of disability in fictional literature have influenced, or been influenced by policy discourse.  This study takes some preliminary steps toward an interdisciplinary analysis of literary and policy discourses over the course of Ontario’s institutional cycle in order to explore the nature of the relationship between constructions of mental disability in novels and social policy.  A snowball sample of novels containing characters with mental disabilities was refined to a smaller sample published within the originally identified phases of this institutional cycle: between 1839 and 2009.  Findings from the literary analysis identified an additional phase within the original institutional cycle.  Also, the finding that policy rhetoric extolling the advantages of deinstitutionalization are not affirmed in novels published within the reform phase of the cycle (1960-1986) suggests that the social inclusion of people of with mental disabilities is far from assured in a post-institutional era.  The research findings documented in this report support a contention that ongoing exploration of relationships between policy and literary constructions of identity may help explain other historical social policy patterns or cycles. 
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
  • Navigating Post-Secondary Institutions in Ontario with a Learning
           Disability: The Pursuit of Accommodations

    • Authors: Cameron McKenzie
      Pages: 35 - 58
      Abstract: Students with learning disabilities (LDs) face numerous challenges as they navigate their way through post-secondary institutions in Ontario. Through an institutional ethnographic analysis, this paper contextualizes my lived experience of having an LD within the ruling relations in post-secondary institutions in the current neoliberal environment. Institutional ethnography is both a theory and a method of interpreting everyday social interactions through analysis of the texts (broadly defined) in modern society, such as policy documents, newspapers, and electronic media. As such, this method lends itself to understanding the medicalization of LDs because it demonstrates that expert knowledge is ideological. Using a social model of disability, I compared both the documentation on attaining accommodations and my lived experience at three universities that I attended and am attending. In evaluating how students negotiate the pathways within the power relations and social organization of these institutions, I am able to offer precise and constructive recommendations that would improve the experience and academic outcomes for students with LDs.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
  • Examining ‘Inspiration’: Perspectives of Stakeholders
           Attending a Power Wheelchair Soccer Tournament

    • Authors: Michael Cottingham
      Pages: 59 - 88
      Abstract: Athletes with disabilities are commonly referred to as inspirational or inspiring (Schantz & Gilbert, 2001). Spectators report feeling inspired watching people with disabilities engage in sport (Cottingham et al., 2014). However, others argue that marketing disability sport as inspirational is problematic. Hardin and Hardin (2004a) and Hargreaves and Hardin (2009) determined that wheelchair basketball players were aware, and concerned, that spectators perceived them as inspirational due to the presence of their disabilities. To further understand inspiration in disability sport contexts, this study explored the concept of inspiration from numerous perspectives on a population with less physiological function than the subjects of the Hardin and Hargreaves’ studies. Employing a qualitative case study design, we sought to understand power soccer stakeholders’ (e.g., athletes and their parents, spectators and event organizers) perspectives of inspiration as a way to describe the sport and its athletes. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with power soccer stakeholders and three power soccer websites at the league, national, and international levels. The findings revealed that most spectators, including parents, believed it was appropriate to describe power soccer and its athletes as inspirational. However, most athletes and event organizers believed this type of representation was inappropriate. Our findings indicate athletes with disabilities may not believe they are inspirational and have reservations to be labeled as such, but that inspiration can be a marketing tool to audiences in disability sport because it connects people emotionally to a previously unknown event. Governing bodies should consider using inspiration as a marketing tool to generate support beyond existing stakeholders. 
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
  • More Than Voting Booths: Accessibility of Electoral Campaigns for People
           with Disabilities in Ontario

    • Authors: Mary Ann McColl, Alexandra Giancarlo, David W. Shannon, Ulysses Patola
      Pages: 89 - 110
      Abstract: Obstacles to electoral involvement for persons with a disability are not limited to inaccessible polling sites.  Meeting venues, campaign offices and constituency offices are all central to the effective functioning of Canadian democracy.   The purpose of this paper is to identify the extent to which the Ontario election campaign of 2011 “opened doors” to electoral participation for persons with disabilities.  The study used a survey and document review approach to compose a snapshot of election and campaign accessibility in Ontario in 2011.  Party leaders were polled to seek their official position on disability issues and accessibility in their campaign and their platform.  Thirty individual candidates were approached from each of the 3 official parties and from 10 ridings across Ontario.  Referring to the 2011 Ontario provincial election, candidates were asked about campaign offices, candidate meetings and website accessibility.   Websites and campaign materials were also reviewed for the three parties for any mention of disability or accessibility.  The findings from this survey suggest that there is a general lack of understanding of the imperative to achieve accessibility standards, not only of polling stations and booths, but also of political campaigns, if representative democracy in Canada is to include people with disabilities.  
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
  • Review of Dea Boster's African American Slavery and Disability

    • Authors: Dustin Galer
      Pages: 111 - 113
      Abstract: In African American Slavery and Disability: Bodies, Property, and Power in the Antebellum South, Dea Boster looks at how disability shaped the lived experience of slavery. Boster argues that while all slaves were objectified, disabled bondspeople were particularly oppressed by the social, economic, legal, and medical systems that perpetuated the institution of slavery in the nineteenth century American South.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
  • Review of Alison Kafer's Feminist, Queer, Crip

    • Authors: Eliza Chandler
      Pages: 114 - 118
      Abstract: Alison Kafer’s Feminist, Queer, Crip makes important interventions into feminist theory, queer theory, and disability studies by bringing disability to bear on feminist and queer theoretical frameworks and addressing how disability is figured in and through these categories of difference.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
  • Review of the Film Wretches and Jabberers

    • Authors: Estée Klar
      Pages: 119 - 124
      Abstract: It seems that enabling participation is still at risk of being co-opted by normalized standards rather than empowering choice and human difference. Whether within or outside of language, we are really all in this together.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
  • Review of Sally Chivers' The Silvering Screen

    • Authors: Katie Aubrecht
      Pages: 125 - 129
      Abstract: Sally Chivers’s (2011) The Silvering Screen: Old Age in Disability and Cinema published by University of Toronto Press makes a significant contribution to current understandings of population aging.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2015)
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