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Journal Cover Canadian Journal of Disability Studies
  [15 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1929-9192
   Published by University of Waterloo Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Predictors of Employer-Sponsored Disability Accommodation Requesting in
           the Workplace

    • Authors: Katherine Breward
      Pages: 1 - 41
      Abstract: Employer-sponsored disability accommodation is contingent upon employees being willing to request such accommodation. This paper examines individual, organizational, and institutional predictors of accommodation requests among adult workers with disabilities using data collected from 5,418 respondents to a Statistics Canada post-census survey. The Theory of Planned Behavior provides a frame of reference to develop a series of hypotheses about how each type of predictor influences accommodation requests. One key finding is that different predictors are significant for each category of accommodation. Another important finding is that individual variables directly related to disability accounted for greater variance in requesting than other aspects of personal identity, organizational factors or institutional considerations. There was some evidence of decision-making based on attitudes, specifically fear of stigmatization. However, the data suggest that norms in the form of industry and occupation-specific logics are also salient influencers. Meanwhile institutional forces meant to act as behavioral controls, such as legislation and union protection, do not seem to have the intended influence on accommodation requesting. This suggests that other forms of intervention, such as community education, may be required to encourage the requesting of needed workplace accommodation. 
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Containment, Conformity: Families, Institutions, and the Limits of

    • Authors: Madeline Burghardt
      Pages: 42 - 72
      Abstract: In the decades immediately following World War II, commonly referred to as the Cold War, people with intellectual disabilities continued to be institutionalized despite growing public calls for civic and social rights for all peoples. This article examines the social, cultural, and political conditions of the Cold War era that contributed to the ongoing placement of children in Canadian government institutions, and explores the relationship between cultural and political discourse, familial decision-making, and the continued marginalization and segregation of people with intellectual disabilities. Using a Foucauldian approach, it also reflects on the ‘historical ontology’ of this phenomenon in order to better understand the limits of possibility as understood by families of this era. 
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Searching for Persons with Disabilities in Canadian Provincial Office

    • Authors: Mario Levesque
      Pages: 73 - 106
      Abstract: This exploratory study examines the electoral experience of persons with disabilities with a particular focus on those that have sought provincial political office in Canada for the last three provincial elections in every province. It also gauges the accessibility of the environment into which they were entering when deciding to seek political office: political parties (recruitment efforts, campaign finance provisions, disability specific language in party constitutions) and the provincial electoral management bodies (campaign financing laws). If the incremental nature of disability policy changes has long been “not good enough” with minimal gains won through long drawn out processes (Levesque and Graefe, 2014), what then is to be made of the gains made to date? For persons with disabilities, this is important given their late enfranchisement (Davidson and Lapp, 2004). In its wake, a small but growing literature has emerged that examines accessibility issues related to the voting experience (Prince, 2004, 2012) while an even smaller literature exists that examines persons with disabilities seeking political office in Canada (e.g., D’Aubin and Stienstra, 2004). The work thus far largely focuses on barriers to inclusion and on federal electoral participation. Missing in this literature is a provincial assessment of persons with disabilities that have sought elected office, as well as the mechanisms used by political parties to encourage potential candidates with disabilities to seek office. The story that emerges is one of largely non-participation which underscores the work needed to attract candidates with disabilities to seek political office to aid in the construction and reconstruction of the Canadian nation.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • The Disability Paradox: Better Opportunities Versus the Hardships of
           High-Achieving Disabled Women of Ethiopia

    • Authors: Belaynesh Tefera, Marloes Van Engen
      Pages: 107 - 132
      Abstract: Purpose: This study aims to provide a better understanding of the life experiences of educated disabled women in Ethiopia. The research focuses on opportunities resulting from their disabilities, as well as the role that obstacles play in the lives of successful disabled women. Method: Qualitative, in-depth, and semi-structured interviews along with personal observations were used to explore the full experiences of participants from their own points of view, as told in their own words. Results: The analysis was based on interviews with 13 educated disabled women with various physical disabilities. The results of the interviews indicated the hardships faced by high- achieving disabled women and the different opportunities that resulted from these hardships (stated as paradoxes throughout the study). The categorized paradoxes consist of: paradox of disability and educational opportunity, paradox of separation from family and success, paradox of hardship in obtaining employment and related opportunities and strength, paradox of disability hardships and self-confidence and self-reliance, paradox of disability and improved quality of life, paradox of support and dependency. Conclusion: This study highlights how difficult life experiences can be challenging but serves to contribute to the resilience of disabled women in their working life. 
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Divergent Encounters with Normal: Are They Really So Different After

    • Authors: Cynthia Bruce
      Pages: 133 - 157
      Abstract: In this paper, I will draw on Fiona Kumari Campbell’s theorizing of ableism to illustrate the essential role of theory in transformative reflection. Such critical reflection can change how we, as disabled students, understand daily experiences of marginalization, and can encourage reconsideration of our responses to them. By sharing how I came to make sense of my own lived experience at university, I hope to make a substantive contribution to academic conversations about the lived complexities of being disabled at university and about our responses to ableism in our midst. Moreover, I aim to add to current understandings of Campbell’s theorizing by translating the often complex language of theory through the analysis and storying of lived experience.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Accessibility for Different Abilities: A Report

    • Authors: David Pererya
      Pages: 158 - 182
      Abstract: Active participation is the foundation of the Inclusive Design Research Centre (IDRC) where the Inclusive Design Research Lab (IDRLab) is located. The IDRC’s goal is to establish a relationship between users and designers driven by a symbiotic reciprocity. Ultimately, “A successful Participatory Inclusive Design Lab is one in which users not only believe, but also witness, that their contributions matter” (Treviranus, 2012). This goal requires a degree of social connection and an environment in which people care significantly about each other and what they are working to create. Supporting this concept is the social model of inclusion, based on respect for human rights that underscores the responsibility of IDRLab to create all possible conditions of full accessibility. This report describes how barriers to inclusion were removed to enable people with disabilities to participate in the IDRLab. 
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • People with Disabilities and the Charter: Disability Rights at the Supreme
           Court of Canada Under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms

    • Authors: Mary Ann McColl, Rebecca Bond, David W. Shannon, Charles Shortt
      Pages: 183 - 210
      Abstract: The inclusion of people with disabilities as a designated group for rights protection in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was viewed as a triumph of disability advocacy in Canada. And yet, a number of commentators look back with disappointment over the 30 years since the Charter was passed. This paper employs an empirical approach to examine an important subset of cases invoking the Charter of Rights and Freedoms to promote disability rights. Specifically, it examines 14 cases heard by the Supreme Court of Canada to uncover the types of disability issues that have been addressed, and the approach of Supreme Court justices to these issues. In order to qualify for inclusion, cases had to have an appellant with a disability, and to directly address a disability discrimination issue. The current study shows a very limited impact of the Charter, despite expectations of a discernible shift in the position of people with disabilities within Canadian society. There is still no consistently applied “disability lens” in the policy environment, and there are relatively few tangible indicators of the kinds of considerations offered to other enumerated groups, such as Ministry or oversight committees dedicated to their issues.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Social Entrepreneurs with Disabilities: Exploring Motivational and
           Attitudinal Factors

    • Authors: Kate Caldwell, Sarah Parker Harris, Maija Renko
      Pages: 211 - 244
      Abstract: The current economic climate demands more innovative approaches to increasing labor market participation for people with disabilities. Social entrepreneurship offers one alternative pathway to employment. However, little is known about the motivational and attitudinal factors influencing social entrepreneurship for people with disabilities. Using empirical data from focus groups comprised of social entrepreneurs with disabilities, and interviews with key stakeholders working in the fields of policy, disability, and business, this research frames its analysis in the intersection of disability studies and entrepreneurial studies to explore: what motivates people with disabilities to pursue social entrepreneurship, if they continue to encounter attitudinal barriers and discrimination, and whether motivational and attitudinal factors affect their social entrepreneurship. Findings indicate that despite social entrepreneurship having been promoted as a strategy for circumventing employment discrimination, the individuals with disabilities in this research continued to encounter attitudinal barriers and discrimination affecting their employment decisions. Future research should focus on interrogating what might be gained in the spaces where need and opportunity intersect and exploring the extent to which motivations overlap for social entrepreneurs with disabilities in theory, policy, and practice. 
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Review of Earth, Animal, and Disability Liberation by Nocella, Bentley
           & Duncan

    • Authors: Cameron Butler
      Pages: 245 - 250
      Abstract: Review of Earth, Animal, and Disability Liberation by Nocella, Bentley & Duncan.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Review of The Capacity Contract by Simplican

    • Authors: Ally Day
      Pages: 251 - 255
      Abstract: Day, Review of The Capacity Contract by Simplican.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Review of Kristeva’s Fiction by ed. Trigo

    • Authors: Anthony Easton
      Pages: 256 - 261
      Abstract: Easton, Review of Kristeva’s Fiction by ed. Trigo 
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Review of Deaf Gain by Bauman & Murray

    • Authors: Tracey Edelist
      Pages: 262 - 272
      Abstract: Review of Deaf Gain by Bauman & Murray.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Review of Psychiatry and the Business of Madness by Burstow

    • Authors: Jennifer Poole, Zachary Sera Grant, Katherina Yerro
      Pages: 273 - 279
      Abstract: Review of Psychiatry and the Business of Madness by Burstow.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Review of FIXED by Brashear

    • Authors: Hilda Smith
      Pages: 280 - 284
      Abstract: Review of FIXED by Brashear.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
  • Review of Don’t Call Me Inspirational by Rousso

    • Authors: Samantha Walsh
      Pages: 285 - 288
      Abstract: Review of Don’t Call Me Inspirational by Rousso.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1
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