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Journal Cover   Canadian Journal of Disability Studies
  [14 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1929-9192
   Published by University of Waterloo Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Foreword: “From Each According to Ability”? Capitalism,
           Poverty, and Disability

    • Authors: Bonita Heath
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Gradations of Debility and Capacity: Biocapitalism and the
           Neoliberalization of Disability Relations

    • Authors: Kelly Fritsch
      Pages: 12 - 48
      Abstract: This article explores how disability as a political identity emerged alongside the neoliberalization of social relations and the boom in the life sciences. This has had lasting consequences for the ways in which disability is mobilized in contemporary neoliberalized biocapitalism, including how disability has become differentially included through modes of debility and capacity that are not clearly defined along traditional abled/disabled binaries, implying that disability is not a uniformly oppressed category of being. I attend to how grievances about particular forms of disabled oppression and structural ableism are made through “wounded attachments” and question how to forge a disability politics that is able to traverse the complexities of the contemporary social and economic landscape. 
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Disability and Latin American Cultural Studies: A Critique of Corporeal
           Difference, Identity and Social Exclusion

    • Authors: Eugenio Di Stefano
      Pages: 49 - 76
      Abstract: This essay explores theis shift from a social model to social-constructivist model in the burgeoning field of disability studies within Latin American cultural studies. It does so by examining Latin American literature and culture beginning in the 1980s and its increasing focus on theories of exclusion within the particular framework of human rights. The first part of this essay centers on the experience of the disabled body, and corporeal difference more broadly, in Susan Antebi’'s Carnal Inscriptions (2009), the first text in Latin American cultural studies dedicated solely to disability. The second part of this essay looks at Argentina’'s Disability Rights Network (REDI, Red por los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad), which defines disability primarily through disabled people's exclusion from the workforce. Both of these conversations, I argue, ultimately fold into each other by reconceptualizing disability as an issue of human rights exclusion, and not necessarily one of class exploitation.  In this way, this essay suggests that this focus on the human rights model obfuscates a clearer reading of the intersection between disability and exploitation in Latin America. The last part of the essay points to some potential directions the field might take with respect to Latin America in order to overcome the limitations of this human rights model, limitations that include not only the increasing emphasis on the social construction of disability but also the widespread disregard for challenging a system that produces economic exploitation for disabled and able-bodied alike.
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Between Protection and Activation: People with Disabilities in the Social
           Investment State

    • Pages: 77 - 105
      Abstract: Federal and provincial employment and income policies in the field of disability within the evolution of Québec’s welfare state are reviewed from the analytical perspective of the social investment state. The use of the social investment state concept allows the authors to reflect on the paradoxes associated with the demands of the disability movement and the responses of the state. The authors demonstrate that the logic of social investment and activation of the workforce yielded gains consistent with the disability movement’s claims, allowing people with disabilities to use their potential and find fulfillment in the labor market while often improving their financial conditions. However, it is argued that the social investment perspective offers a less suitable response for those permanently excluded from the labor market, especially Social Solidarity Program recipients who benefit only from meager financial protection. While early impact analyses of measures designed to equalize opportunities and activate the workforce do not really show the expected results, the latest statistics available for people with disabilities reflect moderate, but tangible results in terms of reducing the number of members of a household living beneath the low-income cut-off and increasing the employment rate for persons with disabilities.
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Commodification, disabled people, and wage work in Britain

    • Authors: Chris Grover
      Pages: 106 - 131
      Abstract: This paper focuses upon the development in Britain of a new out-of-work benefit, the Employment and Support Allowance —and a new employment service intervention (the Work Programme) which is supposed to support groups described as ‘hard-to-help’ people (one of which is disabled people) into wage work. The paper examines the ways in which such a combination of social security and labour market policies can be understood in political economic terms. The paper uses a theoretical framework drawing upon the ideas of commodification and proletarianizsation to argue that, rather than being concerned with the economic position of disabled people in Britain, the development of the Employment and Support Allowance and the Work Programme was concerned with relationships between the supply of labour and wage inflation, and with developing new welfare (quasi) markets in employment services. The paper concludes that attempting to address the economic disadvantages disabled people face through what are essentially market mechanisms will entrench, rather than address, those disadvantages.
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Access to work or liberation from work? Disabled people, autonomy, and
           post-work politics

    • Authors: Steven Graby
      Pages: 132 - 161
      Abstract: Waged work has been a central issue for the Disabled People’s Movement since its inception. For example, the influential analysis of the pioneering Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation in the United Kingdom placed the exclusion of people with impairments from work as the origin of disablement, which is therefore inherent in modern capitalism. Thus it has been traditional in the Disabled People’s Movement in the United Kingdom to regard the removal of barriers to participation in the wage labour economy as a key strategy for overcoming disabled people’s social exclusion and oppression.However, some authors in the Disabled People’s Movement (e.g., Abberley, 1996; 2002; Taylor, 2004; Withers, 2012) have argued that waged work cannot be the route to liberation for all disabled people, pointing out the paradox of disabled people desiring to be included in the same economic system which is responsible for their exclusion in the first place, and whose values fundamentally privilege the ‘more able’. This issue is especially urgent in the present historical moment, when the ‘work ethic’ has been mobilised by neoliberals and neoconservatives in government and the mass media to justify the cutting of vital support systems for disabled people, who are being demonized as ‘workshy’, ‘scroungers’, etc.This paper will examine critiques of work and workerism from anarchist, autonomist, and feminist writers and identify theoretical currents that conceptualize disabled people’s liberation as requiring a much more fundamental rejection of the values of capitalism.
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Disability, Austerity and Cruel Optimism in Big Society: Resistance and
           “The Disability Commons”

    • Authors: Katherine Runswick-Cole, Daniel Goodley
      Pages: 162 - 186
      Abstract: This paper draws on Berlant’s (2011) concept of “‘cruel optimism”’ as it manifests itself in the lives of disabled people with learning disabilities living in England in a time of Big Society. We argue that Big Society offers a cluster of promises to disabled people with learning disabilities: citizenship, empowerment, community, social action and a route out of (or protection from) poverty. However, we suggest that these promises have been repeatedly offered and repeatedly denied and remain tantalizingly out of reach. While drawing attention to the injustices disabled people with learning disabilities face in Big Society, we also attend to the ways in which they are working the spaces of neoliberalism in order to resist “‘their designation as disposable bodies”’ (Tyler 2013: 224).
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Inequality Made Flesh: Disability and the Political Economy of the Body

    • Authors: Amy Sorenson
      Pages: 187 - 205
      Abstract: By pulling together potentially disparate social theories, it is possible to extend our understanding of the body and disability in the social world. The body is intimately tied to processes of material and cultural production and consumption. This article contextualizes disability by placing it within this theoretical understanding of the body and these processes. The body is created through classed processes involving its relationship to the circulation and accumulation of capital. These classed bodies are accorded physical capital, solidifying their position within the production and consumption systems. Power, being unevenly distributed, plays an important role in how bodies are defined and categorized, as well as how they are disciplined. This article introduces new concepts associated with corporeality, including: corporeal power; productive and consumptive power; and producer/consumer/consumed/disposable bodies. 
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Review of Keith Wailoo's Pain: A political history

    • Authors: S.B. Barack
      Pages: 206 - 213
      Abstract: Review of Keith Wailoo's Pain: A political history.
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
  • Review of David Harvey's Seventeen Contradictions and the End of
           Capitalism

    • Authors: Alexis Buettgen
      Pages: 214 - 218
      Abstract: Review of David Harvey's Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism.
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2
       
 
 
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