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Journal Cover Canadian Journal of Disability Studies
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1929-9192
   Published by U of Waterloo Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Reconsidering Knowledge and Power: Reflections on Disability Communities
           and Disability Studies in Canada

    • Authors: Michael J. Prince
      Pages: 1 - 30
      Abstract: Reflecting on knowledge production offers imaginative ways to think about disability organizations and Disability Studies. Following Foucault, the concepts of knowledge and power are central to this discussion and in addressing these questions: what kinds of knowledge circulate in and around disability communities in Canada? How does this knowledge connect disability organizations and movements with the Canadian state and other institutions in society? What might the future hold for more creative and innovative knowledge production for disability studies, disability activism and social change? The article maintains that the politics of knowledge production are not so much about generating evidence in contrast to ignorance, as about multiple forms of knowledge interacting with, and struggling against each other within particular fields of power relationships. The marginal status of lived experience by people with disabilities is the outcome of a politics of reality, of who gets to decide what counts as evidence and who gets to decide the rules around knowledge production and dissemination.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Charting the Landscape of Accessible Education for Post-secondary Students
           with Disabilities

    • Authors: Elizabeth Marquis, Ann Fudge Schormans, Bonny Jung, Christina Vietinghoff, Rob Wilton, Sue Baptiste
      Pages: 31 - 71
      Abstract: This article presents the results of research examining the impact of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) on educational accessibility at one university in Ontario, Canada. A longitudinal, qualitative study was conducted to explore how students with and without disabilities, instructors, staff members and administrators perceived the relative accessibility of teaching and learning on campus before, during, and after the implementation of one portion of the AODA legislation. In the first phase of this research, several factors affecting educational accessibility at the study university were noted, including knowledge, attitudes, pedagogical choices, disciplinary features, and institutional practices and characteristics. Participants raised many of these issues in the later phases reported here, although some preliminary changes in awareness and institutional practices are also described. Based on these minimal developments, and on participants’ expressed perceptions of the AODA, we conclude that the legislation has had limited impact on the accessibility of teaching and learning on campus to date. Implications of the findings, potentially applicable in many contexts beyond the Ontario setting where the research was conducted, as well as next steps and recommendations for further research are discussed.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Political Affinities and Complex Identities: Critical Approaches to
           Disability Organizing

    • Authors: Natalie Spagnuolo
      Pages: 72 - 97
      Abstract: This article addresses the criticism that critical disability studies (CDS) is morally relativistic and politically unhelpful. Written from the perspective of a current CDS practitioner, this response foregrounds political approaches to disability that are based on materialist and intersectional modes of analysis derived from CDS insights. Recent CDS scholarship is assessed through a historiographical review, and relevant political trajectories are contrasted with the call for “clear ethical guidelines” and approaches to advocacy based on a politics of identity, vulnerability, and reified difference. Throughout this discussion, binary framings of postmodern/modern, discursive/materialistic, theory/praxis, among other pairings, are challenged through a review of existing overlaps, and a consideration of constructive directions stemming from these syntheses.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Intersecting Oppressions: African Nova Scotians with Disabilities and
           Possibilities Arising from the United Nations Convention on the Rights of
           Persons with Disabilities

    • Authors: Alexandra Giancarlo, David Shannon, Audrey Kobayashi
      Pages: 98 - 130
      Abstract: Incorporating a social and critical model of disability with an eye to the important intersections of race, gender, income, and disability, we use the existing literature both on disability and on chronic disease and health within the African Nova Scotian community to argue that a human rights-based approach to disability, exemplified by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), provides the most promise for improving the lives of black Nova Scotians with disabilities.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Access Barriers to Health Care among People with Disabilities in the
           Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana

    • Authors: Eric Badu, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Maxwell Peprah Opoku
      Pages: 131 - 151
      Abstract: Health care is a human right yet access barriers to health care remain one of the major challenges among people with disabilities. One of the several reasons accounting for this is that there is little evidence on access barriers to healthcare among people with disabilities. This partly explains the gaps in policy design and implementation of appropriate interventions for people with disabilities. This study aimed at contributing to filling the evidence gaps on access barriers to healthcare among people with disabilities in the Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana. The study found different access barriers among different disability types and socio-demographic groups. Redesigning and resourcing health facilities to be more people with disabilities’ friendly could improve mitigate these barriers.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Risky Bodies: Allocation of Risk and Responsibility within Fetal Alcohol
           Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Prevention Campaigns

    • Authors: Irene Shankar
      Pages: 152 - 177
      Abstract: This paper examines utilization of risk and responsibility discourses within FASD public health promotion messages. In this qualitative case study, using data from 23 semi-structured interviews with those in charge of managing FASD and document analysis, I examine discourses invoked within FASD prevention and awareness campaigns deployed by the province of Alberta, Canada.  The research findings demonstrate that within such FASD discourses, the unborn child is depicted as at-risk and the woman carrying the child is seen as being responsible for creating this risk.  This is possible due to the neo-liberal tenet of individualism that occludes the structural factors that contribute to alcohol consumption and, perhaps FASD itself. This research on FASD is distinct from other studies on risk and responsibility because it recognizes and explores the separation of bodies that are considered to be at “risk” from those that are deemed to be “responsible” for creating such risk.  This paper concludes with an in-depth discussion on the implications of using discourses of risk and responsibility within FASD prevention campaigns.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Review of Goodley, Dis/Ability Studies: Theorizing Disableism and Ableism

    • Authors: Cynthia Bruce
      Pages: 178 - 183
      Abstract: Dan Goodley’s 2014 publication, Dis/Ability Studies: Theorizing Disableism and Ableism, is a compelling text in which readers are invited to engage with, build upon, and weave together important theoretical contributions made by activist scholars in disableism, ableism, queer theory, crip theory, and poststructural and postconventional disability studies research.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Review of Malacrida, A Special Hell: Institutional Life in Alberta’s
           Eugenic Years

    • Authors: Natalie Spagnuolo
      Pages: 184 - 191
      Abstract: Claudia Malacrida’s latest book, A Special Hell: Institutional Life in Alberta’s Eugenic Years, contributes to a body of work that suggests that humane treatment is only to be expected by citizens who fit under privileged but taken-for-granted categories, while the threats of systemic violence and exploitation are often the reality for those positioned as “less than human” within our national discourses.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Review of Kanter, The Development of Disability Rights under International
           Law: From Charity to Human Rights

    • Authors: Majid Turmusani
      Pages: 192 - 197
      Abstract: This work offers a comprehensive analysis on the status of people with disabilities (PWD) under international law prior to the adoption of CRPD and outlines the legal protections found in the CRPD.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Review of Gill, Already Doing It: Intellectual Disability and Sexual

    • Authors: Sandra Smele
      Pages: 198 - 204
      Abstract: Gill’s analyses demonstrate his deep commitment to challenging dominant ideas and practices concerning intellectual disability, sexuality, and reproduction, and readers of this book will certainly experience this intended disruption, no matter their familiarity or scholarly commitment to addressing the questions he raises.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Review of O’Toole, Fading Scars: My Queer Disability History

    • Authors: Alan Santinele Martino
      Pages: 205 - 211
      Abstract: In Fading Scars, O’Toole does the important work of documenting, from her own situated lived experiences, different pivotal moments in the 40 years that deeply shaped American disability history.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
  • Review of Gayle-Geddes, Disability and Inequality: Socioeconomic
           Imperatives and Public Policy in Jamaica

    • Authors: Jacqui Getfield
      Pages: 212 - 217
      Abstract: Disability and Inequality: Socioeconomic Imperatives and Public Policy in Jamaica is the seminal book that examines disability as a development phenomenon in the Caribbean.
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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