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Journal Cover Polish Orthopedics and Traumatology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0009-479X
   This journal is no longer being updated because:
    The journal ceased publication in 2014
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:173-181 "Assessment of knee function
           and biochemical parameters of articular fluid and peripheral blood in
           gonarthrosis patients following intra-articular administration of
           hyaluronic acid"

    • Authors: Alina Beata Ostałowska; Dariusz Nowak, Sławomir Święchowicz, Ewa Birkner, Andrzej Brenk, Sławomir Kasperczyk, Michał Dobrakowski, Anna Machoń
      Abstract: [b]Background[/b]The development of gonarthrosis (GA) involves inflammatory processes; the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is being increasingly mentioned. The body is protected from oxidative damage by the antioxidative barrier with fundamental role being played by antioxidative enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and enzymes involved in glutathione transformations, particularly glutathione peroxidase (GPx). The methods of treatment of cartilage depend on the disease advancement, patient’s reactions to pain, disease-related impairment in daily activities, as well as the age and overall health of the patient. Viscosupplementation involving intra-articular injection of agents that increase the viscosity of the articular fluid is aimed at reducing the friction between articular surfaces and thus at reducing pain and excessive wear of the remaining articular cartilage. The objective of the study was to examine whether intra-articular administration of a hyaluronic acid agent has any effect on the function of the knee and on the selected biochemical parameters of the articular fluid and blood in gonarthrosis, as well as to demonstrate of correlation or no correlation between the effects of viscosupplementation and administration of hyaluronic acid into a knee containing articular fluid or a “dry” knee.[b]Material and Methods[/b]The study group consisted of 22 gonarthrosis patients who received hyaluronic acid into the knee containing the articular fluid (group PS) as per the study protocol and 27 gonarthrosis patients who received hyaluronic acid into the “dry” knee (group PPI). The study lasted about 40 weeks and involved 10 visits at the study site. Hyaluronic acid was administered intra-articularly upon the first three visits held in one-week intervals, as well as on visit 4 (12 weeks after visit 3). The study knee was assessed clinically at all visits using the osteoarthritis WOMAC scale, visual assessment scale (0-10) for the assessment of pain intensity and HHS questionnaire for clinical assessment of the knee function. Blood for study-related analyses was collected at study start and 12 weeks after administration of the third dose of hyaluronic acid. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) within the articular fluid and plasma and plasma levels of MDA were determined.[b]Results[/b]Worse WOMAC-scale quality of life was observed in patients with osteoarthrosis and “dry” knee, mostly due to higher joint stiffness. Following viscosupplementation treatment, improvement in all tested WOMAC scores was observed in both groups, and no significant differences between groups was observed. The SOD activity and the MDA levels in plasma did not differ between the study groups, both before the study and after viscosupplementation. No statistically significant changes were observed in the biochemical parameters following viscosupplementation in both groups other than for reduced articular fluid MDA levels in the PS group.[b]Conclusions[/b]Viscosupplementation with hyaluronic acid administration is an effective method of conservative treatment in patients with gonarthrosis. Its beneficial effect consists mostly of pain reduction and knee function improvement both in patients with articular fluid present within the knee joints as in patients with “dry” knee joints.
      PubDate: Fri, 16 Aug 2013 12:33 EST
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:167-171 "Patient-related outcome
           questionnaires in the assessment of the results of total hip

    • Authors: Wieslaw Kaczmarek; Krzysztof Pietrzak, Piotr Staszczuk, Jacek Kaczmarczyk
      Abstract: A variety of patient-related outcome questionnaires have been used for the assessment of results of total hip replacement. Generic core scales (SF-12, SF-36) and disease-specific scales like: Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index, Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Oxford Hip Score, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons hip and knee Questionnaire, Lower Extremity Functional Scale are used most frequently. Even though all of them were assessed in terms of construct and content validity, reproducibility and sensitivity, there are still some problems related to bias when total hip replacement evaluation is performed in the presence of comorbidities, contralateral hip disease and ceiling effect influencing the final score. As a result, there is a need for development of a new PRO questionnaire in order to improve total hip replacement assessment, enable early detection of postoperative complications or to evaluate the results of surgery in both hips separately. It is crucial that such measuring device has to be deprived of the influence of irrelevant factors on the final score.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Jul 2013 9:40 EST
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:155-166 "Limb amputations from the
           ancient times to the present"

    • Authors: Wanda Stryła; Adam M. Pogorzała, Iwona Kasior, Andrzej Nowakowski
      Abstract: Amputations, or the removal of limbs at different levels, have been performed since the ancient times. The first reports of amputations originate from the ancient ruins in Egypt, where primitive prosthetic toes were found in the tombs of the Pharaohs. In Europe, during the period of ancient Greece and Rome, various examples of amputations were described on amphoras and mosaics. During the middle ages, the body was marginalized and replaced by the worship of human spirituality. As a result reports of amputations from that time period are scarce. True development of amputation and prosthetic techniques took place during the Renaissance and centuries that followed. Present-day indications for amputation are similar to those utilized in the ancient times. The greatest development of limb amputation techniques and prosthetic methods began in the 20th century and continues to this day. Despite the development of new techniques in prosthetics, many solutions have their roots in designs originating in the ancient times and differ only in their structural design.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Jul 2013 10:45 EST
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:151-154 "Sclerostin, an
           osteocytes-derived bone-forming inhibitor"

    • Authors: Krzysztof H. Włodarski; Ryszard Galus, Aniela Brodzikowska, Paweł K. Włodarski
      Abstract: Sclerostin is a recently identified glycoprotein expressed and synthesized by osteocytes. It is a powerful inhibitor of osteoblasts proliferation and differentiation.Sclerostin inhibits the Wnt signaling, the main trigger of osteoblasts activity.Osteocytes on response to a mechanical loading decrease the synthesis of sclerostin enabling in osteoblasts the Wnt signaling and promote their bone-forming activity. This explains why mechanical loading induces bone formation.Monoclonal antibodies directed against sclerostin reverses sclerostin induced bone catabolic effect and are promising tool in prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in human.
      PubDate: Mon, 1 Jul 2013 0:0 EST
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:127-137 "Proceedings of Scientific
           Instructional Conference on Local Antibiotic Therapy on Prevention and
           Treatment of Infections in Orthopaedics and Traumatology"

    • Authors: Robert Okapa; Wojciech Marczyński, Andrzej Kolbuszewski
      Abstract: Proceedings of scientific instructional conference which was held on 7th July 2012 in Józefów near Warsaw. Dring the Conference the cectures were presented by leading experts – Dr. David Jenkins, clinical microbiology consultant from the University Hospital in Leicester, Professor Harald Knaepler, head of the Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics in Wetzlar, Germany, Dr. David Jahoda, head of the department of orthopedic infections, Motol University Hospital, Prague, and Professor Wojciech Marczyński, head of the Department of Orthopaedics, The Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Professor Adam Gruca Teaching Hospital in Otwock, who was also the Conference moderator. The meeting was the opportunity to clarify the indications and contraindications to the use of local antibiotic therapy in the treatment of infectious complications after surgical procedures  and focus on practical aspects of clinical microbiology and its important contribution to the identification and resolution of problems with infectious complications in orthopedics and traumatology. 
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Jun 2013 9:6 EST
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:115-119 "Comparison of femoral stem
           alignment in primary total hip replacement by transtrochanteric and
           posterior approach"

    • Authors: Kowshik Jain; Siva Subramanian, John Hodgkinson, Mukesh Hemmady
      Abstract: [b]Background[/b]In this study we have compared the femoral component alignment in primary cemented THR performed by a single surgeon using the same implant by trochanteric osteotomy and posterior approach in 50 consecutive cases.[b]Material and Methods[/b]The femoral component was compared in sagital and coronal planes on plane X-rays. The femoral stem position was classified as neutral, varus or valgus in the sagital plane. In the coronal plane the femoral stem was graded as neutral, stem pointing anteriorly or stems pointing posteriorly. Chi square test was used for the statistical significance of the findings. [b]Results[/b]The number of stems in neutral position in AP radiograph (coronal plane) was 36 and 42 respectively in osteotomy and posterior approach. 6 stems were in varus/valgus angle of ≥5° in osteotomy group and 1 stem in the posterior approach group had a varus/valgus angle of ≥5° (p value 0.05). In the lateral radiograph (sagital plane) 45 and 43 stems respectively in osteotomy and posterior approach were in neutral position (p value 0.37). [b]Conclusions[/b]There is no statistically significant difference in the positioning of the femoral stem in the sagital plane by either trochanteric osteotomy or posterior approach to the hip. The positioning of the femoral stem in the coronal plane is better with the posterior approach as compared to trochanteric osteotomy 
      PubDate: Thu, 16 May 2013 3:14 EST
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:139-150 "Injuries of the distal
           tibio-fibular syndesmosis."

    • Authors: Adrian Błasiak; Bogusław Sadlik, Roman Brzóska
      Abstract: Background: Inuries to distal tibiofibular syndesmosis are common in clinical practice in traumatology and are particularly frequently associated with ankle or high fibular fracture (Maisonneuve fracture). Isolated syndesmotic injuries are less frequently observed – more often among athletes. Although injuries to ankle syndesmosis are numerous, methods of diagnosis and treatment remain controversial, and present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges.Material/Methods: Medical databases PUBMED, MEDLINE EMBASE and OVID were searched by entering the key words such as tibio-fibular syndesmosis, ankle ligaments, ankle injuries, ankle fracture, ankle instability.Results: Almost 200 publications regarding the topic were chosen. Important information on anatomy, causes and mechanisms of injury, diagnostics and current concepts of treatment of the distal tibiotibular syndesmosis were selected.Conclusions: Proper and early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, either conservative or surgical, is essential for full recovery. Due to numerous controversies regarding diagnosis and treatment of syndesmosis injuries more research is needed to establish strong recommendations for management of such injuries. 
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:121-126 "Is carpal tunnel syndrome an
           occupational disease' A review "

    • Authors: Andrzej Żyluk
      Abstract: In many countries, including Poland, carpal tunnel syndrome is considered to be a disease of possible occupational etiology. This review presents information about work-related risk-factors which comprise the use of handheld vibrating machinery, forceful gripping of objects with hands, repetitive and frequent manual tasks and forced postures of the wrist (flexion/extension). However, the character of the job is only one of possible several factors leading to the development of the disease, as its etiology is multifactorial. Conditions to be taken into consideration when recognizing a case as occupational carpal tunnel syndrome were shown to include: coexistence of predisposing diseases (diabetes), constitutional factors (obesity), character, level and duration of the exposure to harmful stimuli during the workday as well as total duration of work upon exposure. Consideration of these circumstances provides adequate ground for recognizing a particular case as occupational. Nonetheless, even accepting the disease as occupational should be temporary, as surgical carpal tunnel release is an effective method of treatment and should allow the patient to return to previously performed work
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:109-113 "Influence of age on the
           outcome of rehabilitation after total hip replacement"

    • Authors: Joanna Dolata ; Krzysztof Pietrzak , Wojciech Manikowski , Jacek Kaczmarczyk , Ewa Gajewska , Wiesław Kaczmarek
      Abstract: [b]Background[/b]This publication compares the results of physiotherapy after total hip replacement in two groups, each consisting of 50 subjects, differing in age by 10 years[b]Material and Methods[/b]A group of 100 patients after total hip replacement was divided into two subgroups consisting of 50 subjects each, with mean age difference of 10 years. The first group included patients aged 47–60 years, the other 61–69 years. Patients were assessed at 6 weeks and reevaluated at 10 weeks after surgery during a 4-week in-hospital rehabilitation program. The study was based on a questionnaire, physical examination, 6-minute walking test and a test on stabilometric platform. [b]Results[/b]In the younger group we observed easier and faster resolution of pain in the operated joint. In group II, which included patients aged 61 to 69 years, improvement in hip joint mobility was less pronounced than in the younger group. Six-minute walking test showed less improvement in walking distance in group II than group I. Among group II patients we noted less pronounced increase in weight bearing on the operated limb (by 2%, while 4% improvement was noted in group I), while final degree of weight-bearing was greater in group II than in group I and amounted to 48%.[b]Conclusions[/b]Younger patients recover faster, hip pain subsides easier, hip function returns more readily and to a greater extent. During a 4-week course of in-hospital rehabilitation older patients may regain hip function in a manner that brings them closer to the younger group. 
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:101-104 "A modified technique of
           placing transpedicular screws into the S1 vertebrae - surgical technique

    • Authors: Łukasz Kubaszewski ; Jacek Kaczmarczyk , Andrzej Nowakowski
      Abstract: Anatomical variability of sacral bone as well as its diverse interpretations a surgical field prompted the authors to modify surgical technique in such manner to allow unequivocal identification of a starting point for introduction of transpedicular screws into the first sacral vertebra.The starting point is not located, as described in previous publications, inferiorly and laterally to the S1 articular process, but goes through a precisely defined place in the dorsal ridge of superior articular process following its partial resection.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:105-107 "The use of flexor digitorum
           superficialis tendon in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
           Operative technique"

    • Authors: Leszek Romanowski; Klaudiusz Kosowski , Wiesław Wiśniewski
      Abstract: This paper presents the technique used in anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) reconstruction using the ring finger flexor digitorum superficialis tendon (FDS IV). The biologic material used in autografts and allografts is subject of controversy. Due to this some authors suggest using synthetic materials. All the authors agree that the use of biological material harvested from the vicinity of the knee joint can cause further dysfunction of this joint(weakening) It would seem that use of a biological material harvested from another part of body would be the optimal solution for ACL reconstruction. In our opinion the ring finger flexor digitorum superficialis tendon meets this criteria. Its parameters (length, strength, shape) are comparable to currently used biological materials. From experience in hand surgery we know that the harvesting of FDS IV(loss of FDS IV function) does not cause significant loss of function in the hand. It seems that the FDS IV is very well suited for ACL reconstruction. This paper presents the technique used in ACL reconstruction using FDS IV augmented with a synthetic material. 
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:97-100 "Długotrwałe zachowanie
           aktywności białek morfogenetycznych kości (BMP) w demineralizowanych
           siekaczach myszy"

    • Authors: Krzysztof H Włodarski; Grzegorz Szczęsny, Bolesław Kuzaka, Paweł K Włodarski
      Abstract: Demineralizowana macierz kości lub zębiny, wszczepione domięśniowo wywołują powstawanie kości w miejscu implantacji. Zjawisko to, zwane „indukcją osteogenezy” wywołane jest uwalnianiem z nich niekolagenowych białek, zwanych Białkami Morfogenetycznymi Kości (BMP). Demineralizacja ułatwia ich uwalnianie z macierzy a osiągnąwszy odpowiednie stężenie, te sygnałowe białka pobudzają różnicowanie się komórek mezenchymatycznych biorcy w kierunku osteo- i/lub chondrogennym. Macierze zmineralizowane w podobnych warunkach przeszczepiania uwalniają białka BMP zbyt wolno, by osiągnęły stężenie progowe, wyzwalające różnicowanie, przeto nie indukują osteogenezy. Na rynku dostępne są czyste postacie białek morfogenetycznych, lecz w wielu przypadkach stosowanie kości demineralizowanych ma przewagę nad izolowanymi białkami BMP, gdyż łączą w sobie własności osteoindukcyjne z walorami mechanicznymi, tak pożądanymi w osteosyntezach i wypełnianiu ubytków kostnych. W niniejszej pracy wykazano, że przechowywanie dmineralizowanych i liofilizowanych siekaczy myszy przez okres co najmniej 30 miesięcy nie zmienia ich potencjału kościotwórczego i zdolności do kolonizowania indukowanej kości szpikiem. Liofilizowaną zębinę, przechowywaną przez 0–30 miesięcy w temperaturze lodówki przeszczepiano do mięśni udowych myszy i miejsce implantacji oceniano histologicznie po 10–450 dniach. Tkankę kostną, ściśle połączona z implantowaną zębiną stwierdzono w ok. 87% przypadków a czas przechowywania matryc w przedziale czasowym 0–30 miesięcy nie wpływał na ich zdolności osteoindukcyjne. 
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:91-96 " Total elbow arthroplasty in
           complicated distal humerus fracture – a case report "

    • Authors: Maciej Kaźmierczak; Krystian Stanisław Pyszel, Paweł Henryk Surdziel
      Abstract: Background:Total elbow arthroplasty is still a rarely performed surgical procedure in distal humerus fractures. Reconstruction and osteosynthesis using Locking Compression Plates remains the gold standard for treatment of such types of fractures.Case Report: We report a case of 51-year-old man with distal humerus fracture and early destabilization of primary osteosynthesis, successfully treated with total elbow arthroplasty, resulting in excellent physical function of the operated elbow.Results: Several studies performed over the last decades demonstrated that total elbow arthroplasty in many cases may be a beneficial method of treatment. Osteoporosis, comminuted fractures, older age and early destabilization of primary osteosynthesis are the most common indications for considering elbow arthroplasty. 
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:85-89 "Clinical assessment of the
           efficacy of SpineCor brace in the correction of postural deformities in
           the course of idiopathic scoliosis"

    • Authors: Barbara Plewka; Marcin Sibiński, Marek Synder, Dariusz Witoński, Katarzyna Kołodziejczyk- Klimek, Michał Plewka
      Abstract: [b]Background[/b]The objective of the study was to perform a clinical, comparative assessment of the degree of postural deformities before and after the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis in patients treated with SpineCor brace compared to the control group.[b]Material and Methods[/b]A group of 90 children with idiopathic scoliosis (including 74 girls) at the average age of 12.2 was subject to prospective observation. Average pre-treatment Cobb angle was 24.9° in the thoracic spine and 25.8° in the lumbar spine. The group actively treated with the SpineCor brace consisted of 45 children, while the control group consisted of the remaining 45 children with the natural course of the disease.[b]Results[/b]Both groups did not differ significantly in terms of age, gender, height, body weight, Risser sign of skeletal maturity and baseline clinical and radiological parameters of scoliosis. Significant reduction of rib hump was observed upon 2-year SpineCor brace treatment (P=0.04) compared to the group treated by physiotherapy only (P=0.91). Similarly, improvement in lumbar prominence was observed in the actively treated group (P=0.009), with a trend towards worse results in the control group (P=0.07) In the group treated with the SpineCor brace, significant reduction in pectoral and hamstring muscle contractures as well as reduction in shoulder asymmetry and reduction in anterior and posterior vertical deviation were observed. [b]Conclusions[/b]Treatment using the SpineCor dynamic brace leads to a clinical improvement in posture, particularly to reduction in rib hump, lumbar prominence and muscular contractures.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:29-31 "Impact of athletic activity on
           the stability of the lower limb joint prosthesis"

    • Authors: Krzysztof Pietrzak; Jacek Kaczmarczyk, Wiesław Kaczmarek, Jacek Markuszewski
      Abstract: This publication analyses the impact of athletic activity on the stability of lower leg implant. Analysis of literature does not allow for a clear answer whether such activity is an independent predictor of early loosening. Number of publications warning patients against excessive sports activities, equals the number of reassuring reports.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:1-3 "Vitamin D concentration in
           patients with normal and impaired bone union."

    • Authors: Andrzej M. Boszczyk; Piotr Zakrzewski, Stanisław Pomianowski
      Abstract: Background: The aim of the study was to compare vitamin D concentration in patients treated due to delayed bone union and non-union (pseudoarthrosis) and patients with normal fracture healing.Material/Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted. We enrolled 35 patients with inexplicable (standard and correct surgery, closed fracture, no comorbid metabolic diseases) fracture healing impairment, and 35 patients assigned by age and measurement season. Vitamin D (as 25OHD) concentration was measured in all patients.Results: Vitamin D deficiency was reported in 86% of examined patients. No difference was shown between groups in deficiency prevalence.Conclusions: Previous studies indicated decreased vitamin D concentration in patients with impaired fracture healing. However, these studies did not include control groups. No difference was demonstrated between patients with normal fracture healing and those with impaired bone union in terms of vitamin D deficiency prevalence.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:5-27 "Proprioception exercises in
           medical rehabilitation"

    • Authors: Wanda Stryła; Adam M. Pogorzała, Justyna Stępień
      Abstract: Proprioception, or kinesthesia, is the sense of orientation responsible for perception of body and relative position of its parts. Kinaesthesia is received by receptors located in muscles and tendons. In this study a set of proprioception developing exercises was presented. Proprioception should be restored in case of musculoskeletal and neurological disorders. Proprioception training can also be used as a prophylaxis before starting various sporting activities. Proprioception developing exercises have significant meaning for the elderly, who are at risk of balance disorders. These exercises help developing motor memory and at the same time protect from falls
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:33-39 " Algorithm of physical therapy
           exercises following total hip arthroplasty "

    • Authors: Wanda Stryła; Adam M. Pogorzała, Piotr Rogala, Andrzej Nowakowski
      Authors present a set of exercises for patients after total hip replacement (THR) treated due to idiopathic hip joint osteoarthritis. Outcome of surgical treatment depends largely on physical therapy conducted after the procedure. Physical therapy following total hip arthroplasty involves restoration of proper physical function. Exercises increase the strength of hip girdle muscles and stabilize the involved hip joint. Total postoperative rehabilitation improves the gait esthetics. Restoring patient’s full independence in everyday and professional life after total hip arthroplasty is the best test for properly conducted rehabilitation. A rehabilitation algorithm following hip arthroplasty was established based on the data acquired from literature and authors’ own studies. Methods of rehabilitation following total arthroplasty was unified with regard to the type of endoprosthesis (cemented and non-cemented). Rehabilitation after revision and cancer arthroplasties were not taken into consideration. Exercises were divided into those performed in supine and standing positions as well as resistance training (using an elastic TheraBand® tape). At a later stage of rehabilitation, marching and walking as well as cycloergometer training were included. Patient’s position during the day and in the sleep for two months following THR was taken into account, including some types of exercises that are contraindicated and pose a threat of endoprosthesis luxation.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:41-45 "Outcome of treatment of complex,
           perilunate fracture-dislocation of the wrist: A case report"

    • Authors: Andrzej Zyluk; Bernard Piotuch, Piotr Puchalski
      Abstract: Complex, perilunate fracture-dislocations of the wrist comprise severe and challenging injuries, characterised by a total loss of contact between the lunate bone and the head of the capitate as well as fracture of one, or more bones surrounding lunate bone. The principle of treatment of such injuries involves stable fixation of fractures, anatomical reduction of the displaced carpal bones with temporary arthrodesis wit K-wires to maintain their position. We present a patient who sustained a complex, perilunate fracture-dislocation of the wrist with fractures of the scaphoid, hamate and base of the IV metacarpal bone, as a result of a blast. A ssessment at one year after the surgery showed satisfactory result: mean range of motion in the wrist was 50-60% of the healthy side, grip strength was 55%, DASH score of 36 and Mayo score of 65.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:47-51 "The impact of aerobic exercises
           on bone mineral density in breast cancer women during endocrine

    • Authors: Katarzyna Hojan; Piotr Milecki, Piotr Leszczyński
      Abstract: Background: The assessment of the impact aerobic exercises on bone mineral density in breast cancer women during endocrine therapy (ET). Material/Methods: The study included 53 women (mean 44.3 ±SD 4.9) during breast cancer treatment. This was a nonrandomized, prospective clinical study. The following examinations of the assessment of bone in the DEXA were measured: the bone mineral density of the neck of a femur (FN), lumbar region L1-L4, and total body (TB) as well as defining of T-score and Z-score. The examinations were conducted for all the patients according to the schedule: before the beginning of ET, after 6 months of ET and after 12 months of ET (after 6 month aerobic training). Results: After the first 6 months of ET without regular physical exercise the following results were noted: the BMD mean value of FN, in the L1-L4 spine region and in TB were significant lower than the initial value. After 6 month aerobic training, in the 12th month of the follow up, the BMD mean value of FN was 1.1% (p>0.05) lower, while in the L1-L4 spine region it was 5.6% (p<0.05) lower, and in TB 2.7% (p<0.05) lower in comparison to the values in the sixth month of the observation. Conclusions: That even short course of ET is related to changes in bone mineral density. The introduction of aerobic exercises caused a slowdown in negative changes in bones.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:53-58 "Clinical and functional
           evaluation of patients after total elbow arthroplasty"

    • Authors: Przemysław Lubiatowski; Izabela Olczak, Ewa Lisiewicz, Maciej Bręborowicz, Jan Długosz, Marcin Redman, Piotr Ogrodowicz, Leszek Romanowski
      Abstract: Background: The operation of the total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is recommended in case of advanced joint destruction. At present both in our country and abroad, the number of elbow arthroplasties performed per year is increasing. Surgical procedures are difficult, and postoperative complications may arise. The aim of this study is to evaluate the function of the elbow and the clinical status of patients after having undergone TEA. Material/Methods: Our research is based on 18 patients who had undergone total elbow arthroplasty. The average patient age was 60. The follow-up time varied from 8–108 months. Postoperative assessment included the evaluation of the range of motion and grip strength using a dynamometer. Functional evaluation was carried out using Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and the SECEC Elbow Score (SES). We had also assessed the pain level (VAS), postoperative complications and patient satisfaction. The study included X-rays of the elbow for the evaluation of prosthesis integrity and possible signs of implant loosening. Results: The increase of the range of motion was seen among all patients. The amplitude of flexion and extension increased by an average of 25.3° (p<0.02). The results of all questionnaires of functional assessment showed a significant improvement comparing to results before surgery: DASH – 82.6 (±24.6) vs. 116.7 (±24.2), SECEC – 39.3 (±8.5) vs. 27.9 (±9.2), MEPS – 65 (±23.3) vs. 35.8 (±16.9). The VAS pain decreased from 10.9 (±3) to 5.3 (±4). In the postoperative period, 4 patients experienced inflammation, 2 patients had a loosening of prosthesis, and 6 needed a revision of the prosthesis. 94.4% patients were satisfied with the treatment. Conclusions: Total elbow arthroplasty effectively improves the clinical status of the patient by reducing pain, increasing range of motion and improving many activities of daily life.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:59-63 "Clinical examination vs. MRI:
           Evaluation of diagnostic accuracy in detecting ACL and meniscal injuries
           in comparison to arthroscopy."

    • Authors: Mohammed Azfar Siddiqui; Ibne Ahmad, Aamir bin Sabir, Ekram Ullah, Syed Amjad Ali Rizvi, Syed Wajahat Ali Rizvi
      Abstract: Background: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination and MRI in evaluation of meniscal and ACL injuries using arthroscopic findings as reference standard.Material/Methods: A total of 51 patients with traumatic knee injuries were identified and prospectively followed up with clinical examination, MRI and arthroscopy. Clinical examination and MRI findings were compared with arthroscopic findings. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and diagnostic accuracy were calculated with statistical analysis.Results: Out of 24 patients with arthroscopic evidence of medial meniscal injury, clinical examination and MRI correctly identified 20 and 18 patients, respectively. Clinical examination was characterized by better sensitivity and specificity with regard to diagnosis of medial meniscal tear. On arthroscopy, lateral meniscal tear was present in 13 patients; clinical examination and MRI both identified 8 of them correctly. Similarly, out of 9 patients with arthroscopic evidence of ACL tear, clinical examination and MRI correctly identified 7 and 8 patients, respectively. There were only marginal differences in sensitivity and specificity of clinical examination and MRI in diagnosis of lateral meniscal and ACL injury.Conclusions: Careful clinical examination is much better than MRI with regard to the diagnosis of medial meniscus injury and is as reliable as MRI with regard to diagnosis of lateral meniscus injury and ACL tears. MRI should be used to rule out such injuries rather than to diagnose them.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:65-69 "Mortality as an indicator of
           treatment quality after pertrochanteric fractures in the elderly."

    • Authors: Bogdan Koczy ; Jacek Semenowicz , Jacek Majewski , Jakub Wąsik
      Abstract: Background: Fractures in people over the age of 65, especially pertrochanteric fractures of the femur, present a growing medical problem. Surgical treatment of such fractures should be performed in the shortest possible time after the accident.Efforts were made to answer the question what contributes to the reduction in mortality after pertrochanteric fractures.Material/Methods: This work presents a comparative analysis of two populations treated surgically due to pertrochanteric fractures at the District Hospital of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery in Piekary Slaskie during years 1988–1992 and 2005–2008. Patient mortality was used as an indicator of treatment quality. In the first group of 118 patients hospitalized in years 1988–1992, there were 48 deaths reported during 12 months after the surgery. In the second studied population of 244 patients (operated in years 2005–2008), 54 deaths were noted in the 12-month period after the surgery. There was a reduction in mortality from 40.6% to 22.3% over those 15 years.Conclusions: Introducing mortality as an indicator in the comprehensive assessment of treatment quality will intensify its monitoring in both the hospital as well as the out-of-hospital period of care. It will also reveal the individuality and social importance of geriatric fractures.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:71-76 "Organization and activity of the
           Replantation Service for amputated hands in Poland"

    • Authors: Andrzej Żyluk
      Abstract: A permanent on-call service for hand amputations (Replantation Service) was established in 2010 of the initiative of the Council of Polish Society for Surgery of the Hand. It is run by three qualified hand centres in Trzebnica, Poznań and Szczecin. Organization of this system, rules of activity and spectrum of cases admitted to replantation units was presented. A scheme of referral of amputations was shown and the main problems that appeared during almost three-year activity of the Service were discussed. Medico-legal and ethical implications arising from these problems were shown and organization of replantation service in other European countries was outlined. Establishing of the Replantation Service constituted a significant progress in the organization of the management of upper limb amputations. Thanks to that, over the period of three years, more than 200 patients were saved from severe disability, receiving a chance to regain an amputated limb.
  • Pol Orthop Traumatol 2013; 78:77-84 "Distal radioulnar joint
           instability: A review of literature"

    • Authors: Andrzej Żyluk; Bernard Piotuch
      Abstract: Distal radioulnar joint instability most commonly accompanies fractures of the distal radius and is directly caused by lesion of the triangular fibrocartilage complex, which is the major structure responsible for congruity of the distal radioulnar joint. Acute instability accompanying fractures of the distal radius usually does not require separate management, if the fracture itself is firmly fixated. Chronic instabilites causing persistent pain and wrist dysfunction are treated by arthroscopic reinsertion of the torn attachments of the triangular fibrocartilage. If not possible, radioulnar functional tenodesis is performed using palmaris longus tendon graft, thus restoring joint stability.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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