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Journal Cover   Archives of Budo
  [SJR: 0.346]   [H-I: 7]   Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1643-8698
   Published by International Scientific Literature Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11:85-108 "Kōdōkan Jūdō’s
           Three Orphaned Forms of Counter Techniques – Part 1: The
           Gonosen-no-kata ― “Forms of Post-Attack Initiative Counter

    • Authors: Carl De Crée
      Abstract: [b]Background and Study Aim: [/b]The purpose of the present paper is to provide a comprehen-sive study of gonosen-no-kata [“Forms of Post-Attack Initiative Counter Throws”], a non-officially accepted kata of Kōdōkan jūdō made popular in Western Europe by Kawaishi Mikinosuke (1899-1969). [b]Material and Methods: [/b]To achieve this we apply historical methods and source criticism to offer a careful critical analysis of the origin, history and background of this kata. [b]Results[/b]: The first verifiable appearance of gonosen-no-kata is in 1926 at the occasion of the London Budōkwai’s 9th Annual Display, where it was publicly demonstrated by Ishiguro Keishichi (1897-1974), previously at Waseda University and since 1924 living in Paris. The kata builds on intellectual material conceived by Takahashi Kazuyoshi. A 1932 program bro-chure of an Oxford University Judo Club event is the oldest known source to link Kawaishi and gonosen-no-kata. Kawaishi considered gonosen-no-kata as the third randori-no-kata. Kawaishi’s major role in spreading jūdō in France and continental Europe between 1935 and 1965, and the publication of his seminal jūdō kata book in 1956, connected his name to this kata forever. [b]Conclusions[/b]: In the absence of any Kōdōkan standard the evolution of the kata over the past 75 years has led to substantial variations in the mechanics and approach specific to each coun-try and jūdō federation that endorse its practice. It remains questionable whether gonosen-no-kata historically has ever been practiced in Japan anywhere, and whether this ‘kata’ is any-thing more than a merely opportunistic name given to a one-time unstructured exercise firstly demonstrated in London during the 1920s.
      PubDate: Tue, 6 Jan 2015 0:0 EST
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11:OA67-72 "The level of physical activity of the working
           inhabitants of Warsaw practising martial arts and combat sports"

    • Authors: Elżbieta Biernat; Dariusz Boguszewski
      Abstract: [b]Background and Study Aim.[/b] Martial arts and combat sports are a worldwide popular form of exercise. They are trained professionally as well as recreationally. They lead to self-improvement and supporting physical fitness. The aim of the study was relationships between professional and amateur inhabitants of Warsaw practicing martial arts and combat sports training and the level of physical activity. [b]Material and Methods.[/b] There were 157 persons practicing martial arts and combat sports who partook in the research. They were selected from the group of inhabitants of Warsaw aged 15-69 years (n=6547) working in public institutes or learning/studying in Varsovian schools/colleges (academies, schools, theatres, offices, councils, town halls, hypermarkets, shops, hospitals, clinics and scientific departments). The investigative tools were two questionnaires: IPAQ and author′s one (by means of which biometrical data and the information on the subject of places and the character of practiced martial art and sport was collected). For the statistical elaboration the Chi-square test and Tukey Honest Significant Difference (HSD) tests were used. [b]Results.[/b] The studied persons most often (p<0.05) were characterized with the moderate (56.1%) level of physical activity. The highest fraction of persons with high level of physical activity was noted among those training professionally (24.6%), though there was no essential difference in this regard among those exercising recreationally. It was inverse in the case of the low level which relatively more often (p<0.05) referred to those undertaking martial arts and combat sports during their free time (35.0%). The entire weekly energy input of persons practicing martial arts and combat sports recreationally (1700.6±2728.3 MET-min/week) indeed differed (p<0.05) from the energy-expense of persons training professionally (2825.9±2569.1 MET-min/week). [b]Conclusions. [/b]The level of physical activity of Varsovians practicing martial arts and combat sports is in the vast majority sufficient for maintaining health. The character of trainings is a factor which conditions the lack of fulfilment of WHO norms.
      PubDate: Tue, 6 Jan 2015 0:0 EST
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11:OA61-66 "Kinematics of the turning kick –
           measurements obtained in testing well-trained taekwon-do athletes"

    • Authors: Jacek Wąsik; Gongbing Shan
      Abstract: [b]Background and Study Aim:[/b] The aim of the paper is the influence of selected kinematic factors on the turning kick technique. This issue is practically relevant in the traditional version of taekwon-do, where an effectively performed strike may divulge the winner. [b]Material and Method: [/b]Using 3D motion capture technology, six International Taekwon-do Federation athletes were tested. Biomechanical parameters related to range of motion, kick power and kick time were applied in the analyses. The athletes executed the turning kick three times in a way typically applied in a board breaking kick. The quantification focused on the speed changes related to kicking leg extension, the maximum knee and foot velocities in the Cartesian coordinate system and the total time of kick execution. The descriptive statistics (i.e. average values and the standard deviations) and correlation analysis were applied in data analysis. [b]Results:[/b] The results have shown that the effect of the kick is mainly represented by component of kick foot velocity in frontal- and lateral-directions. The correlation analyses unveil that the maximal knee speeds reached in frontal- and lateral-directions as well as foot take-off velocity in frontal- and vertical-directions are highly correlated to kick foot effectiveness (r = 0.60 to 0.87). The analysis of velocity development in relation to kick leg extension divulges that the maximal velocity occurs around 80% of a full leg extension. [b]Conclusion[/b]: For increasing kick effectiveness, athletes should work on the foot take-off velocity, the dynamics of the knee motion and consider the optimum kick length for kicking power maximization.
      PubDate: Tue, 6 Jan 2015 0:0 EST
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11:33-39 "Swiss ball training versus stable surface
           training for the treatment of low back pain in male judo athletes"

    • Authors: Antonio J Monroy Antón; Bárbara Rodríguez Rodríguez, David López Jiménez
      Abstract: [b]Background and Study Aim: [/b]Between 60% and 80% of the population suffers from low back pain at some point in their lives. This disease is commonly observed in judo, with a prevalence of around 35%. Therefore, any instrument, program or training method for the treatment of this disease is very important. Apparently, unstable surface training can be effective in reducing low back pain. However, there are not many studies that have been conducted in this regard, and the few existing ones have not opted for any particular training method. The purpose in this study is knowledge about the effect on low back pain of two different training programs, one using Swiss ball and the other with stable surface. [b]Material and Methods:[/b] Thirty-six active volunteers, all of them judo athletes, participated in the study. They were randomly assigned to either the training group (exercising on a Swiss ball) or the control group (training on stable surface). Pain intensity was measured at the beginning and at the end of the 8 weeks in both groups by the Spanish version of the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). [b]Results: [/b]The results of paired t test showed a significant decrease in RMDQ after treatment in both groups compared with before treatment (p<0.001), while the ANCOVA revealed no significant differences among groups on the post measurement score of RMDQ, with pre-treatment scores as the covariate. [b]Conclusions:[/b] The training on unstable surfaces does not provide any significant improvement versus training on stable surfaces and might be at least as good as training on a Swiss ball in the reduction of low back pain for judo athletes.
      PubDate: Tue, 6 Jan 2015 0:0 EST
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11:OA1-7 "Effect of preferred body stance side on the
           performance of Special Judo Fitness Test in Japanese judo athletes"

    • Authors: Akitoshi Sogabe; Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycien, Kiyoshi Maehara, Taketo Sasaki, Stanislaw Sterkowicz
      Abstract: [b]Background & Study Aim. [/b]This study aimed to further knowledge of: 1) body stance side preferred in performing tachi-waza (fighting in standing position); 2) level of fitness preparation of males and females; 3) effect of the dominant body side on the quality of performance in SJFT and the effort perceived. [b]Material & Methods[/b]. Paired selection helped obtain the consistency of the characteristics of 9 male and 9 female subjects in terms of age (Males 18.0 2.3 vs. Females 17.2 2.3 years), training experience (9.9 1.7 vs. 10.7 2.9 years), sports skill level (1-2 dan) and another weight category. A dominant fighting stance (right or left) was determined. In another two days, the randomly selected subjects performed SJFT with the dominant and non-dominant body side. The data grouped according to the body side formed the condition factor. The analysis used non-parametric statistical tests. The differences were tested at the significance level set at p<0.05. [b]Results[/b]. Distribution of the group sizes for left- and right-sided subjects in groups of males and females did not differ (p=0.667). Performing the throws in series A of SJFT with the dominant vs. non-dominant body side showed significantly better results in males (p=0.030), but not in females (p=0.424). Evaluation of the similarity of performing SJFT with the non-dominant body side in a judo bout during competition was significantly higher in males compared to females (p=0.015). [b]Conclusions.[/b] The throws used during SJFT are most frequently performed using the dominant compared with the non-dominant body side, but the females are characterized by a specific pattern of performing consecutive series of SJFT compared to men. Women feel higher fatigue when performing the test using the non-dominant body side.
      PubDate: Tue, 6 Jan 2015 0:0 EST
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Kiyoshi Ito; Nobuyoshi Hirose, Naoya Maekawa, Masahiro Tamura, Mitsuru Nakamura
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Carl De Crée
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Carl De Crée
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Dariusz Gierczuk; Jerzy Sadowski
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Aleksandra Truszczyńska; Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Sławomir Snela, Maciej Rachwal
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Katarzyna Janiszewska; Katarzyna E Przybyłowicz
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Robert Michnik; Jacek Jurkojć, Piotr Wodarski, Dariusz Mosler, Roman Maciej Kalina
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11: ""

    • Authors: Barbara Bergier
  • Arch Budo 2015; 11:OA7-12 "Elaboration and evaluation of judo training

    • Authors: Gustavo Ferreira Pedrosa; Ytalo Mota Soares, Reginaldo Gonçalves, Bruno Pena Couto, Ronaldo Angelo Dias da Silva, Leszek Antoni Szmuchrowski
      Abstract: [b]Background and Study Aim.[/b] At the moment to select training means for composing the training program, many coaches are guided by the empirical evidence of training means specificity. A practical and scientific instrument containing relevant judo training means may contribute to coaches to achieve better results. The purpose of this study was to elaborate a catalogue of judo training means and classify it according to specificity: general, special or specific. [b]Material and Methods[/b]. Five Brazilian judo coaches answered what exercises are used for training the judo demand. The exercises were combined to a physical training method generating training means and it were submitted to 9 experts who evaluated the practical relevance and the specificity of each training mean to form the catalogue. The Coefficient of Validity Content and the Coefficient of Kappa were used as a statistical tool to measure the practical relevance of the catalogue and the classification of specificity, respectively. [b]Results. [/b]Seventy six exercises were listed and suitable to training means. Coefficient of Kappa value was = 0.533. Twenty two training means were classified as general, sixteen as special and thirty eight as specific of judo. The Coefficient of Validity Content for the catalogue was = 0.821. Analyzing this coefficient by specificity, the group of specific training means achieved the higher rate and the general group had the lower rate. [b]Conclusion.[/b] A catalogue of training means for judo were elaborated and classified by specificity. The high rate found for practical relevance confirm the representatively of this catalogue.
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