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Journal Cover Journal of Drug Issues
   [3 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [737 journals]   [SJR: 0.372]   [H-I: 35]
  • Everybody's Doing It: Initiation to Prescription Drug Misuse
    • Authors: Mui, H. Z; Sales, P, Murphy, S.
      Pages: 236 - 253
      Abstract: In this article, we present findings from a qualitative National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded study of nonmedical prescription drug users in the San Francisco Bay Area. We interviewed young adults between the ages of 18 and 25 years, who used prescription drugs nonmedically at least 12 times in the 6 months prior to the interview. Employing Aker’s Social Learning Theory and Zinberg’s Drug, Set, and Setting, we explore the factors that contributed to participants’ choices to begin using prescription drugs nonmedically. Social Learning Theory provides the framework for understanding how deviant behaviors are learned and imitated, while set and setting emphasizes the psychological and social contexts of initiation and the ways in which the set and setting of the initiating user were influenced by exposure, motivation, access, and setting. Together, social learning, and set and setting allow us to understand the interaction of individual and social factors contributing to nonmedical prescription drug use initiation.
      PubDate: 2014-06-10T12:18:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613497935|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613497935
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 3 (2014)
  • The Inoculating Effect of Message Sidedness on Adolescents' Binge Drinking
           Intentions: The Moderating Role of Issue Involvement
    • Authors: Cornelis, E; Cauberghe, V, De Pelsmacker, P.
      Pages: 254 - 268
      Abstract: In this study, we assess an alternative strategy for health interventions, namely, two-sided messages. A 3 x 2 between-subjects factorial experimental design investigates the effect of three different anti-binge drinking messages (i.e., one-sided, two-sided non-refutational, and two-sided refutational) on strongly and weakly issue-involved adolescents’ binge drinking intentions after exposure to peer pressure. A sample of 185 adolescents between the age of 15 and 19 participated in the experiment. The results show that when adolescents’ involvement with binge drinking is strong, a two-sided refutational as well as non-refutational message result in lower binge drinking intentions than a one-sided message. When adolescents’ involvement with binge drinking is weak, binge drinking intentions are not influenced by message sidedness.
      PubDate: 2014-06-10T12:18:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613500053|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613500053
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 3 (2014)
  • DUI Offenders' Beliefs About DUI Statutes and DUI Law Enforcement:
           Implications for Deterrence
    • Authors: Goodfellow, M; Kilgore, C.
      Pages: 269 - 280
      Abstract: Development of a profile of those who drink and drive is needed to more effectively deter this behavior. Using data from the 2001 NSDDAB (National Survey of Drinking and Driving Attitudes and Behavior), Bertelli and Richardson found that the existence of DUI (driving under the influence) statutes impacts only those least likely to drink and drive, while concern for the likelihood of arrest and individual agreement with the goals of drinking and driving laws significantly reduces propensity for almost everyone except the "extreme ‘hard core’ drinking drivers." Using the same NSDDAB items, this study examined propensity to drink and drive for a sample of 58 offenders in a local DUI Court program. A majority of these known DUI offenders were problem drinkers. Results show that DUI offenders were not deterred by DUI statutes and perceptions of DUI law enforcement. Implications for deterrence theory and the legal legitimacy hypothesis are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-06-10T12:18:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613500052|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613500052
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 3 (2014)
  • HIV and HCV Serostatus and Knowledge Among Patients in Urban Versus Rural
           Methadone Maintenance Clinics in Kunming
    • Authors: Chang, Y.-J; Hsieh, J, Peng, C.-Y, Li, J, Hser, Y.-I.
      Pages: 281 - 290
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to document the prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) among urban and rural methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients and to examine differences in knowledge of HIV and HCV among this population. We compared 147 MMT patients attending urban versus rural clinics in Kunming, Yunnan, China, concerning their serostatus and knowledge of HIV and HCV. The rates of HIV and HCV seropositive status were higher among rural patients. Both urban and rural patients showed limited HIV and HCV knowledge. Recent opioid injection and geographic area were strong predictors of HIV and HCV serostatus. The lack of knowledge of HIV and HCV among both urban and rural MMT patients suggests the need to strengthen current HIV and HCV education programs in MMT clinics. In addition, prevention programs should take into consideration geographic characteristics of the target population.
      PubDate: 2014-06-10T12:18:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613511438|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613511438
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 3 (2014)
  • The Connections Between Substance Dependence, Offense Type, and Offense
    • Authors: Kopak, A. M; Vartanian, L, Hoffmann, N. G, Hunt, D. E.
      Pages: 291 - 307
      Abstract: The link between drug use and crime has been broadly described, but little detail is known about the contributions of alcohol and drug dependence to different types of offending. Data were drawn from the 2010 Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring II (ADAM II) program to examine the relationships between dependence, offense type, and severity among recent male arrestees (N = 3,006). A substantial proportion (ranging from 15% to 39%) of arrestees across all offense types and severity levels endorsed drug-dependent items. Smaller proportions (between 5% and 16%) of arrestees endorsed alcohol-dependent items. Drug dependence was associated with higher odds of receiving felony charges and higher probability of being charged with a substance-related offense. Alcohol dependence was associated with lower odds of felony charges, but greater probability of being charged with a violent offense. Assessment and treatment provisions need to be systematically implemented to reduce these types of offenses.
      PubDate: 2014-06-10T12:18:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613511439|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613511439
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 3 (2014)
  • Treatment Acceptability, Stigma, and Legal Concerns of Medical Marijuana
           Are Affected by Method of Administration
    • Authors: Rudski J. M.
      Pages: 308 - 320
      Abstract: The current study examined whether attitudes toward the acceptability and stigma of medical marijuana are affected by its method of administration and the severity of illness being treated. Participants (200 men, 409 women, 2 omitted) were assigned to experimental conditions differing according to illness severity, and rated the acceptability, stigma, legal concerns, and willingness to use medical marijuana administered through 10 different administration methods. Marijuana administered in ways resembling traditional medication (e.g., pills) was judged the most acceptable, and had the least stigma. Conversely, marijuana administered in ways resembling recreational use (e.g., cigarettes/joints) received high stigma and low acceptability ratings. Stigma and legal concerns were lower, and acceptability was higher when treating more serious conditions. Results are discussed in terms of why an understanding of the social connotations accompanying different administration methods and reasons for marijuana use is an important complement to understanding pharmacokinetics and drug efficacy.
      PubDate: 2014-06-10T12:18:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613511441|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613511441
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 3 (2014)
  • "When You Got Friends in Low Places, You Stay Low": Social Networks and
           Access to Resources for Female Methamphetamine Users in Low-Income
           Suburban Communities
    • Authors: Woodall, D; Boeri, M.
      Pages: 321 - 339
      Abstract: To examine access to needed resources among low-income methamphetamine-using females, we conducted interviews with 30 women living in poor suburban communities of a large southeastern metropolis. As an invisible population in the suburbs, underserved by social services, the women remain geographically and socially anchored to their poor suburban enclaves as transit, treatment, and education remain out of reach. The longitudinal study included three interviews over a two-year period. Resources needed by the women were identified in the first interview and a list of available services was provided to them. In subsequent interviews, we asked how they accessed the services or barriers encountered and discussed these further in focus groups. Using a social capital framework in our qualitative analysis, we identified three processes for accessing needed resources: formal, informal, and mediated. Implications for policymakers and social service providers are suggested, and models for future development proposed.
      PubDate: 2014-06-10T12:18:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613511440|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613511440
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 3 (2014)
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Heriot-Watt University
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