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Journal Cover   Journal of Drug Issues
  [SJR: 0.399]   [H-I: 38]   [1 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [814 journals]
  • Predictors of Methamphetamine Use Among Adolescents: Findings From a
           Midwestern Sample
    • Authors: Radatz, D. L; Vandenberg, A. L, Sample, L. L.
      Pages: 100 - 117
      Abstract: This study has two primary goals. First, we seek to identify common demographic characteristics and risk factors among adolescent methamphetamine (MA) users, and second, to determine factors that predict MA use among adolescents. A binary logistic regression analysis was performed on data gathered from a 2010 Midwestern state survey administered to 33,364 middle and high school students. Results indicate that typical adolescent MA users are male, identify racially as "Other," and are high school upperclassmen. Individual and community risk factors were found to be statistically significant in predicting MA use among adolescents. Specifically, high individual risk level increased the odds of MA use by roughly 9%, and higher community risk-level scores increased the odds by about 3%. Findings suggest that drug prevention efforts should focus attention on adolescent attitudes regarding health consequences and social acceptability of drug use as well as provide afterschool programs/clubs to adolescents.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:57-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614559840
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
  • U.S. Counties' Vulnerability to Methamphetamine Labs
    • Authors: Dalmadge, C. L; Cain, M.
      Pages: 118 - 132
      Abstract: This national study analyzes county-level risk factors for methamphetamine manufacture. Neural network and probit models are used to test the effectiveness of county-level characteristics in predicting methamphetamine production levels. Data on all 3,143 counties are drawn from the U.S. DEA’s Clandestine Laboratory Surveillance System, the 2000 U.S. Census and health service resources from the 2004 Area Resource File, and the Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCRP) for the period 2002-2005. The resulting model accurately predicted methamphetamine production levels 85% of the time. The leading variables were existing methamphetamine problems, seizures in contiguous counties, families with "female head of household," home value, and "percentage of White population." Several variables that factored heavily in earlier single-community studies had very little impact in this national study. This study’s results suggest a new approach to assessing community vulnerability to drug manufacturer and a need to refocus efforts in fighting the problem.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:57-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614559841
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
  • Nonproblematic Illegal Drug Use: Drug Use Management Strategies in a
           Portuguese Sample
    • Authors: Cruz; O. S.
      Pages: 133 - 150
      Abstract: Given the scant knowledge regarding illicit drug users who maintain an overall conventional lifestyle, we aimed to develop a conceptual framework to understand how they manage to keep their drug use nonproblematic. We were interested in the individual’s experiential component, so we interviewed nonproblematic, ex-problematic and problematic Portuguese drug users. The conceptual framework was developed through the first group’s data and then validated through a new consultation with these participants and a triangulation of sources and methodologies (observation). Findings show that some subjects managed to keep their drug use nonproblematic through ongoing self-regulation as a result of cost-benefit analysis and drug use management strategies. These strategies resulted mainly from the users’ characteristics, the quality of drug using experiences, and experiences with other users. The importance of this study is in recognizing that nonproblematic drug use exists and that therein may lie important clues on how to minimize problematic use.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:57-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614559842
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
  • The Effects of Mental Health Symptoms and Marijuana Expectancies on
           Marijuana Use and Consequences Among At-Risk Adolescents
    • Authors: Pedersen, E. R; Miles, J. N. V, Osilla, K. C, Ewing, B. A, Hunter, S. B, D'Amico, E. J.
      Pages: 151 - 165
      Abstract: Based on expectancy theory, adolescents at risk for mental health symptoms, such as those involved in the juvenile court system, may use marijuana due to the belief that use will attenuate anxiety and depressive symptoms. In a diverse sample of youth involved in the Santa Barbara Teen Court system (N = 193), we examined the association between mental health symptoms and marijuana expectancies on marijuana use and consequences. In general, stronger positive expectancies and weaker negative expectancies were both associated with increased marijuana use. Youth who reported more symptoms of both anxiety and depression, and stronger positive expectancies for marijuana also reported more consequences. We found that youth experiencing the greatest level of consequences from marijuana were those who reported more depressive symptoms and stronger positive expectancies for marijuana. Findings suggest that these symptoms, combined with strong positive expectancies about marijuana’s effects, have implications for consequences among at-risk youth.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:57-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614559843
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
  • Women's Employment Outcomes Following Gender-Sensitive Substance Abuse
    • Authors: Kissin, W. B; Tang, Z, Arieira, C. R, Claus, R. E, Orwin, R. G.
      Pages: 166 - 179
      Abstract: Employment problems are common among low-income, substance abusing women. The present study links an empirically developed quantitative measure of gender-sensitive (GS) substance abuse treatment to employment outcomes among substance abusing women (N = 5,109) treated in 13 mixed-gender intensive inpatient programs (IIPs) in the Washington State. Hierarchical linear models were used to test the relationship between GS treatment and subsequent employment. Propensity scores and receipt of public assistance were used to control for the preexisting differences among women. Men’s employment outcomes were used to control for potential confounding at the program level. The study found that women treated in more (vs. less) GS treatment programs were more likely to be employed 12 months after treatment admission, though not for the hypothesized 24 months. Treatment completion did not affect the relationship between GS treatment and employment. Findings point to recent progress in tailoring generic substance abuse treatment to women’s needs.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:58-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614559945
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
  • Driven to the Bottle: Work- Related Risk Factors and Alcohol Misuse Among
           Commercial Drivers
    • Authors: Bamberger, P. A; Cohen, A.
      Pages: 180 - 201
      Abstract: This study examines the role of workplace risk factors associated with stress, social availability, and policy enforcement in explaining the severity of alcohol misuse among truck and bus drivers. Using a sample of 227 commercial (i.e., bus and truck) drivers drawn randomly from the employees of eight Israeli transportation enterprises, findings indicate that less than 6% of drivers engage in hazardous drinking, with a far smaller proportion engaging in more risky forms of misuse (i.e., harmful or dependent drinking). Key work-related factors associated with the severity of drivers’ alcohol misuse include the perception of permissive coworker drinking norms, role conflict, and supervisory abuse. Consistent with tension relief models of alcohol misuse, felt strain mediated the association between driver stressors and the severity of alcohol misuse. Perceptions of coworker drinking norms moderated the associations between stressors and supervisory monitoring (on one hand) and alcohol misuse (on the other). Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:58-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615575373
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
  • Predictors of Psychiatric Hospitalization in Ex-Prisoners With Substance
           Use Problems: A Data-Linkage Study
    • Authors: Olsson, M. O; Ojehagen, A, Bradvik, L, Hakansson, A.
      Pages: 202 - 213
      Abstract: This study analyzed predictors of psychiatric hospitalization in ex-prisoners with substance use problems (N = 4,081) assessed with the Addiction Severity Index and followed post-release for hospitalizations with psychiatric diagnoses (including suicide attempts). Thirty-four percent were hospitalized, and in Cox regression, several substance-related variables predicted hospitalization, including use of heroin, sedatives, and polysubstance. A secondary analysis, with a psychiatric non-substance focus, excluded hospitalizations involving only substance-related disorders or only a personality disorder in addition to a substance-related disorder. With this definition, 10% were hospitalized, and significant baseline predictors were previous psychiatric hospitalization (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.83), previous suicide attempt (HR = 1.91), depression (HR = 1.33), anxiety (HR = 1.37), sedative use (HR = 1.46), and, negatively, amphetamine use (HR = 0.71). Substance-related variables may predict all-cause psychiatric hospitalizations in prisoners with substance use problems, whereas non-substance-related psychiatric hospitalization may be predicted by baseline psychiatric problems, which calls for attention to psychiatric problems in this setting.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:58-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615575374
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
  • "When You Add Alcohol, It Gets That Much Better": University Students,
           Alcohol Consumption, and Online Drinking Cultures
    • Authors: Hebden, R; Lyons, A. C, Goodwin, I, McCreanor, T.
      Pages: 214 - 226
      Abstract: University students frequently engage in normalized practices of heavy drinking, and social networking sites are becoming increasingly important in this context. The present study explored the role of Facebook within student drinking cultures by conducting three friendship groups in which students discussed their social networking and alcohol consumption alongside an Internet-enabled laptop. Transcripts were discursively analyzed; this demonstrated that "pleasurable consumption," "routine socialization," and "managed risk" discourses were used to construct Facebook as an essential but mundane tool, and Facebook was used regularly to create positive constructions of risky drinking. Particular types of risky drinking are discussed as being encouraged through both the interactions present on Facebook and the structure of the site that helps shape these interactions. Findings are beneficial for public health strategies seeking to understand and minimize harmful university drinking practices.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13T05:12:58-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615575375
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 2 (2015)
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