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Journal Cover Journal of Drug Issues
  [SJR: 0.399]   [H-I: 38]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [835 journals]
  • Examining How Prescription Drugs Are Illegally Obtained: Social and
           Ecological Predictors
    • Authors: White, C; Ready, J, Katz, C. M.
      Pages: 4 - 23
      Abstract: The rise in prescription drug abuse is changing crime patterns among drug users and the structure of illegal drug markets. The illegal distribution of prescription drugs is different from traditional street drug markets because prescription drugs can be obtained from multiple sources including doctors, pharmacies, friends, and street-level dealers. Drawing from drug-market research, this article investigates whether there are individual and ecological predictors of how prescription drugs are illegally obtained. Our study uses multilevel analyses to examine a random sample of 366 drug offenders arrested in Maricopa County, Arizona. Our findings indicate that individual-level characteristics such as mental illness and street drug use, as well as residential mobility within neighborhoods, are significant predictors of how prescription drugs are obtained for nonmedical purposes. This research suggests that an individual’s routine activities and neighborhood characteristics are related to their methods for obtaining prescription drugs. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-12-16T01:40:48-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615608502
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • General Responsivity Adherence in Juvenile Drug Treatment Court: Examining
           the Impact on Substance-Use Outcome
    • Authors: Taylor; L. R.
      Pages: 24 - 40
      Abstract: Although the number of juvenile drug treatment courts (JDTC) in operation has increased since the first JDTCs were implemented in the 1990s, research continues to lag regarding the effectiveness of the treatment interventions that are provided. The purpose of the present study was to explore how the risk-need-responsivity models’ general responsivity principle could be used to inform the effectiveness of the interventions provided to 1,176 participants in nine JDTCs in the United States. Responsivity adherence was measured using the number of general responsivity-adherent techniques included in each intervention. The results indicated that an increase in general responsivity adherence was associated with an increase in substance-use severity score, which suggests that the effect of the JDTC model on treatment outcomes could vary by the type of interventions provided to participants. In addition, the findings suggest the need to further specify adherence to the general responsivity principle, particularly among substance-involved juvenile offenders.
      PubDate: 2015-12-16T01:40:48-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615610618
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Is Marijuana Use Associated With Health Promotion Behaviors Among College
           Students? Health-Promoting and Health-Risk Behaviors Among Students
           Identified Through Screening in a University Student Health Services
           Center
    • Authors: Palfai, T. P; Tahaney, K. D, Winter, M. R.
      Pages: 41 - 50
      Abstract: This study sought to examine whether student marijuana use identified by screening in a student health center is associated with health-promoting behaviors. Students completed a brief web-based, health behavior screening instrument. Those who reported marijuana use of monthly or more on the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Test (ASSIST)—and a subset of those who did not—were invited to complete additional baseline assessments, including questions about health-promoting behaviors, alcohol, and substance use (n = 321). Results showed marijuana users were more likely to use a variety of substances and engage in hazardous drinking than non-users. Moreover, level of marijuana use was associated with greater likelihood of using a variety of substances but not with hazardous drinking. There was no evidence that marijuana use was associated with health-promoting behaviors. These findings highlight the concomitant substance-related risks associated with marijuana use but do not support the view that these students are less likely to engage in health-promoting behaviors than non-users.
      PubDate: 2015-12-16T01:40:48-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615610619
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Challenges and Rewards of Conducting Research on Recovery Residences for
           Alcohol and Drug Disorders
    • Authors: Polcin, D. L; Mericle, A. A, Callahan, S, Harvey, R, Jason, L. A.
      Pages: 51 - 63
      Abstract: Although research shows treatment for alcohol and drug problems can be effective, persons without stable housing that supports recovery are at risk for relapse. Recovery residences (RRs) for drug and alcohol problems are a growing response to the need for alcohol- and drug-free living environments that support sustained recovery. Research on RRs offers an opportunity to examine how integration of these individuals into a supportive, empowering environment has beneficial impacts on substance use, housing, and other outcomes, as well as benefits for the surrounding community. Research can also lead to the identification of operations and practices within houses that maximize favorable outcomes for residents. However, research on RRs also presents significant obstacles and challenges. Based on our experiences conducting recovery home research for decades, we present suggestions for addressing some of the unique challenges encountered in this type of research.
      PubDate: 2015-12-16T01:40:48-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615616432
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2015)
       
  • Cannabis Withdrawal, Posttreatment Abstinence, and Days to First Cannabis
           
    • Authors: Davis, J. P; Smith, D. C, Morphew, J. W, Lei, X, Zhang, S.
      Pages: 64 - 83
      Abstract: Very little prospective research investigates how cannabis withdrawal is associated with treatment outcomes, and this work has not used the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) thresholds for cannabis withdrawal. The sample included 110 emerging adults entering outpatient substance use treatment who were heavy cannabis users with no other drug use and limited alcohol use. We used survival analyses to predict days to first use of cannabis and logistic regression to predict whether participants were abstinent and living in the community at 3 months. Those meeting criteria for cannabis withdrawal were more likely to return to use sooner than those not meeting criteria for cannabis withdrawal. However, the presence of cannabis withdrawal was not a significant predictor of 3-month abstinence. Emerging adults with DSM-5 cannabis withdrawal may have difficulty initiating abstinence in the days following their intake assessment, implying the need for strategies to mitigate their more rapid return to cannabis use.
      PubDate: 2015-12-16T01:40:48-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615616431
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2015)
       
 
 
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