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Journal Cover   Journal of Drug Issues
  [SJR: 0.399]   [H-I: 38]   [1 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [819 journals]
  • Drugged and Dangerous: Prevalence and Variants of Substance Use
           Comorbidity Among Seriously Violent Offenders in the United States
    • Authors: DeLisi, M; Vaughn, M. G, Salas-Wright, C. P, Jennings, W. G.
      Pages: 232 - 248
      Abstract: The evidence is clear that substance use and drug problems often accompany other antisocial behavior generally and violent behavior specifically; however, the specificity of the drug/violence nexus is less clear. Using data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) between 2008 and 2012, the current study examined the prevalence and possible heterogeneity of substance use among serious violent offenders in the United States. Three latent classes were discovered: Class 1 (61.18% of sample) who displayed limited substance use morbidity, Class 2 (28.17% of sample) who displayed comorbid alcohol and marijuana use disorders, and Class 3 (10.65% of sample) who displayed polydrug abuse/dependence and severe criminal careers. Additional results indicated that the most serious violent offenders have substance use problems that appear amenable to treatment; however, the most antisocial violent offenders also have the most severe drug problems. Implications of study findings for the epidemiology of antisocial behavior and correctional interventions are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-06-16T03:25:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615579237
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 3 (2015)
       
  • Postmortem Presence of Drugs and Method of Violent Suicide
    • Authors: Sheehan, C. M; Rogers, R. G, Boardman, J. D.
      Pages: 249 - 262
      Abstract: The link between substance use and suicide is well established. However, little research analyzes how substance use is related to the method of suicide. This article analyzes how specific drugs are associated with method of suicide, a critical topic because drug use bears on the etiology of suicide and may lead to policies aimed at deterring suicide. We use the Colorado Violent Death Reporting System and logistic regression to examine postmortem presence of drugs among 3,389 hanging and firearm suicides in Colorado from 2004 to 2009. Net of demographic controls, we find that opiates are positively associated with firearms (odds ratio [OR] = 1.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.27, 2.86]) while antidepressants are positively associated with hanging (OR = 1.45, 95% CI = [1.04, 2.03]). For cocaine and opiates, the association between drug use and violent method vary by educational attainment. Importantly, knowledge of the presence and type of specific drug is strongly associated with the method of suicide.
      PubDate: 2015-06-16T03:25:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615580988
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 3 (2015)
       
  • Parental Awareness of Substance Use Among Adolescents in a Junior High
           School Sample
    • Authors: Berge, J; Sundell, K, Ojehagen, A, Hoglund, P, Hakansson, A.
      Pages: 263 - 278
      Abstract: There is a lack of studies assessing parental awareness of adolescent alcohol, cigarette, and drug use in the general adolescent population. A total of 1,426 adolescents aged 14 to 16, and their parents, answered questions about adolescent substance use annually during junior high school. Sensitivity for parental report of adolescent substance use was low: 5.6% to 26% for drunkenness, 14.3% to 20.6% for cigarettes, and 4.9% to 12% for illicit drugs. Higher age and higher frequency of use were positively associated with parental awareness of drunkenness and cigarette use. Female sex was associated with higher parental awareness of drunkenness. Higher school performance was negatively associated with parental awareness of drunkenness in Grade 9 and with cigarette use in Grades 8 to 9. Parental awareness of adolescent drunkenness, and cigarette and illicit drug use in the general population is low. Factors of importance for parental awareness are identified.
      PubDate: 2015-06-16T03:25:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615580989
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 3 (2015)
       
  • The Changing Pattern of Domestic Cannabis Cultivation in the United
           Kingdom and Its Impact on the Cannabis Market
    • Authors: Kirby, S; Peal, K.
      Pages: 279 - 292
      Abstract: With improvements in both technology and information, cannabis is being increasingly grown indoors for domestic use rather than being imported. This study examines 50 cannabis farms detected by an English police force and examines the characteristics of the 61 suspects associated with them. The study highlights a U.K. pattern in domestic cultivation, which is moving away from large-scale commercial cultivation, at times coordinated by Southeast Asian organized crime groups, to increased cultivation within residential premises by British citizens. Offenders range from those who have no prior criminal history to those who are serious and persistent offenders. The ramifications for law enforcement agencies and policy formers are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-06-16T03:25:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615580990
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 3 (2015)
       
  • Baby Boomers and Cannabis Delivery Systems
    • Authors: Murphy, F; Sales, P, Murphy, S, Averill, S, Lau, N, Sato, S.-O.
      Pages: 293 - 313
      Abstract: Findings for this article are derived from our National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)-funded study of older and younger Baby Boomers and marijuana use. We explore Baby Boomers’ use of a variety of cannabis products and the motives behind the choices they make concerning these preparations. Cannabis concentrates and edible goods have become increasingly popular over the years. With so many new ways to consume marijuana and a growing number of medical marijuana dispensaries, more and more people are using alternative cannabis products to relieve physical ailments, to improve mental health issues, and for recreational purposes. We explore Baby Boomers’ motives to use and how aging may change those motives and influence their choices in cannabis delivery systems. As they get older, Boomers’ health concerns grow and many have turned to these alternative cannabis products to improve mental and physical well-being, and even to reduce the potential risks of traditional marijuana smoking.
      PubDate: 2015-06-16T03:25:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615580991
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 3 (2015)
       
  • Telling the Truth About Drug Use: How Much Does It Matter?
    • Authors: Hunt, D. E; Kling, R, Almozlino, Y, Jalbert, S, Chapman, M. T, Rhodes, W.
      Pages: 314 - 329
      Abstract: The gap between what people admit about their behavior and what is actually true has plagued social scientists and survey methodologists for decades. This gap would not matter if it did not play an important role in estimation of the extent of the consumption of illegal drugs and/or changing trends in illegal use, both data critical for developing public policy and determining the effects of intervention programming and policy changes. The Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) survey matches anonymous self-reported interview information to a urine test for nine drugs in a probability-based sample of adult male arrestees conducted within 48 hr of their arrest. Using data from 2000-2003 and 2007-2011 collected in 10 U.S. counties, this article looks at how the gap between the truth and reality in self-report varies by the drug reported, by the region of the country, over time, and by characteristics of the user, and discusses the relevance of these findings to policy.
      PubDate: 2015-06-16T03:25:20-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615589406
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 3 (2015)
       
 
 
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