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Journal Cover Journal of Drug Issues
   [3 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [737 journals]   [SJR: 0.372]   [H-I: 35]
  • The Inhibiting Function of Self-Control and Social Control on Alcohol
           Consumption
    • Authors: Gerich; J.
      Pages: 120 - 131
      Abstract: Research on substance use, health-, and risk-seeking behavior has focused on various control mechanisms, which are either embedded in the person (self-control) or in the social environment (social control), that prevent individuals from engaging in unhealthy behavior. The present article examines the role of both types of control with respect to alcohol consumption. Whereas most previous research into the interdependence of the two control types has focused on indirect concepts of social control, the present study targets direct social control exerted through social interaction with network persons. The study’s findings indicate that both control types have a mutually independent influence as well as an interdependent influence on drinking behavior. The results show that the effect of one control instance is attenuated when the control level of the other instance is high. The results are discussed with respect to the life-course interdependence model, the cumulative control model, and action-theoretical perspectives of health-related social interventions.
      PubDate: 2014-03-03T12:02:08-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613491110|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613491110
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • An Exploratory Multilevel Analysis of Nonprescription Stimulant Use in a
           Sample of College Students
    • Authors: Bavarian, N; Flay, B. R, Smit, E.
      Pages: 132 - 149
      Abstract: Nonprescription stimulant use is a high-risk behavior prevalent in the college population. To date, research on this substance use behavior lacks a comprehensive theoretical lens as well as geographical diversity. Guided by the Theory of Triadic Influence (TTI), multilevel (i.e., students within schools) modeling was used to analyze survey data from the Spring 2009 American College Health Association–National College Health Assessment II. We hypothesized that the behavior would be associated with ultimate underlying causes, distal predisposing influences, proximal immediate predictors, and immediate precursors found in the TTI’s three streams of influence (i.e., intrapersonal, social situation/context, and sociocultural environment). In our sample (N = 10,220 students; 18 schools), the mean prevalence of past-year use of prescription stimulants without a prescription was 10.70% (range across schools, 0.33%-20.04%). Our hypothesis regarding the multifaceted nature of the predictors of the behavior was supported. Implications for prevention efforts, limitations, and future research directions are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-03-03T12:02:08-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613491109|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613491109
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Drug Trafficking Wars: Enforcement Versus Smugglers and Smugglers Versus
           Smugglers
    • Authors: Che, Y; Benson, B. L.
      Pages: 150 - 179
      Abstract: Decision making in the face of risk from law enforcement is considered from the perspective provided by theoretical models of interdependent decisions of potential drug smugglers regarding entry and the use of violence following entry. Implications of three different models of decision making under risk are examined: expected value, expected utility, and prospect theory. The theoretical results help explain many observed characteristics of drug-smuggling operations and allow clarification of some implications drawn from studies of smuggling behavior that were not considered in the context of such models.
      PubDate: 2014-03-03T12:02:08-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613494839|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613494839
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • "It's Never a Sure Deal": Drug Trafficking, Violence, and Coping
           Strategies in a Peruvian Cocaine Enclave (2003-2007)
    • Authors: van Dun; M.
      Pages: 180 - 196
      Abstract: Because of the lack of any in-depth research on the workings of the cocaine industry in the processing regions and on social changes of the drug trade, scholarly writings on the cocaine industry are full of assumptions and speculation. This article, on the contrary, tries to capture how the illegal cocaine industry and its related violence became integrated into the daily lives of the local residents of the Upper Huallaga, one of Peru’s largest cocaine enclaves. It is argued that for those drug smugglers lower on the economic scale, involvement in an illegal industry involves an ongoing sense of economic and physical vulnerability. Moreover, it is described that higher echelons involved lived under a constant threat of violence.
      PubDate: 2014-03-03T12:02:08-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613494838|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613494838
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • The Relationship Between Multiple Forms of Discrimination, Neighborhood
           
    • Authors: Crawford, N. D; White, K, Rudolph, A. E, Jones, K. C, Benjamin, E. O, Fuller, C. M.
      Pages: 197 - 211
      Abstract: It is plausible that features of the social environment combined with experiences of discrimination may help further explain experiences of depression among illicit drug users. We examined the influence of census tract-level characteristics and multiple forms of individual-level discrimination on lifetime depression among illicit drug users in New York City enrolled in the "Social Ties Associated With Risk of Transition" study. Population average models accounted for clustering of individuals within census tracts. Discrimination based on prior incarceration explained Hispanic/White differences in depression and was independently associated with depression after accounting for neighborhood characteristics. Neighborhood poverty was only marginally related to lifetime depression. These data provide evidence supporting the influence of discrimination on depression among drug users. Research is needed to confirm these findings and highlight specific mechanisms through which discrimination and neighborhood socioeconomic status may operate to influence mental health.
      PubDate: 2014-03-03T12:02:08-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613494840|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613494840
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2014)
       
  • Bentham's Sanction Typology and Restrictive Deterrence: A Study of Young,
           Suburban, Middle-Class Drug Dealers
    • Authors: Jacques, S; Allen, A.
      Pages: 212 - 230
      Abstract: Restrictive deterrence is the process whereby offenders limit the frequency, magnitude, or seriousness of their offenses to avoid pain. Prior research on drug dealing and restrictive deterrence largely focuses on the effect of formal control, or political sanction. Bentham, however, suggests there are four other types of sanction that may deter offenses: moral, sympathetic, religious, and physical. This paper explores whether and how each sanction type restricts drug sales among a sample of 29 young, suburban, middle-class drug sellers. We conclude by discussing the usefulness of studying interconnections between the sanctions and by outlining the reasons to choose Bentham’s sanction typology in future work.
      PubDate: 2014-03-03T12:02:08-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042613497936|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042613497936
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2014)
       
 
 
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