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Journal Cover Journal of Drug Issues
  [SJR: 0.399]   [H-I: 38]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [842 journals]
  • Interaction of Motivation and Social Support on Abstinence Among Recovery
           Home Residents
    • Authors: Korcha, R. A; Polcin, D, Bond, J.
      Pages: 164 - 177
      Abstract: The impetus to abstain from alcohol and drugs is especially robust when individuals seek help. However, motivation to continue abstinence during ongoing recovery is less understood. The present study assessed how social support interacted with motivation to affect abstinence over an 18-month time period. A sample of 289 residents entering residential recovery homes was recruited and followed at 6-, 12-, and 18-months. Motivation was measured as the perceived costs and benefits of abstinence. Five social influence measures were used to assess interactive effects with costs and benefits on abstinence. Perceived costs and benefits of abstinence were robust predictors of abstinence over the 18-month assessment period. Two social support factors interacted with perceived benefits to influence abstinence: 12-step involvement and number of persons in the social network. Suggestions are made for recovery services to influence perceived costs, benefits, and social network characteristics.
      PubDate: 2016-05-31T00:45:55-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616629514
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Survey Design Elements as Influences on Estimates of Self-Reported Illicit
           Substance Use and Other Illegal Activities
    • Authors: Bowman-Bowen, L. C; Menard, S.
      Pages: 178 - 197
      Abstract: National surveys of self-reported substance use and other problem behavior frequently produce different prevalence estimates for substance use and other problem behaviors. There is research indicating different aspects of survey methodology may artificially inflate or deflate prevalence rates, and while some research has been done on specific influences, taken separately, little has been done to estimate the cumulative impact of these methodological variations, taken together, on survey estimates. The present study compares methodologies of three studies, Monitoring the Future (MTF), National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), and National Youth Survey Family Study (NYSFS), on how differences in methodology may influence estimated rates of problem behavior, and the extent to which knowledge of the differences, taken in combination, allow prediction of differences in those rates. Differences in survey methodology are predictive of differences in prevalence. Implications for the use of the surveys are considered.
      PubDate: 2016-05-31T00:45:55-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616629513
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • A Qualitative Exploration of U.K. Prisoners Experiences of Substance
           Misuse and Mental Health Difficulties, and the Breaking Free Health and
           Justice Interventions
    • Authors: Elison, S; Weston, S, Dugdale, S, Ward, J, Davies, G.
      Pages: 198 - 215
      Abstract: This qualitative study explored prisoners’ lived experiences of substance use and mental health difficulties and aimed to examine perceived links between these two areas and how they might be associated with recovery during engagement with the Breaking Free Health and Justice (BFHJ) treatment programs. Interviews were conducted with 32 prisoners receiving treatment for substance use in North-West England. Emerging from prisoners’ interviews were themes relating to difficult life experiences from childhood into adulthood, how these experiences played a role in the emergence of their multiple and complex difficulties, their treatment experiences, and how their current involvement with the criminal justice system acted as a catalyst for positive change, including engagement with the BFHJ programs. This study identified the roles of substance use and mental health difficulties in the lives of participants, identified how their multiple and complex difficulties might be addressed, and provided insights into prisoners’ interpretations of their life experiences.
      PubDate: 2016-05-31T00:45:55-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616630013
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Prescription Drug Misuse Among College Students: A Comparison of
           Motivational Typologies
    • Authors: Watkins; W. C.
      Pages: 216 - 233
      Abstract: Prescription drug misuse (PDM) is a well-documented trend among college students, with a rising prevalence in recent years. Motivations for PDM are an important aspect of the dynamics surrounding this behavior. Using a sample of undergraduate students taken from a large southern university (N = 841), this study separates users based on their motives into typologies of instrumental, recreational, or mixed motive users and examines the differences between them using a number of social learning, social control, and strain-based risk factors while also comparing them with non-users. The results show that social learning risk factors, specifically those related to the concepts of differential association and differential reinforcement, as well as the use of other drugs, exert the greatest impact on likelihood of PDM between the motivational typologies.
      PubDate: 2016-05-31T00:45:55-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616632268
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Treatment Modality, Failure, and Re-Arrest: A Test of the Risk Principle
           With Substance-Abusing Criminal Defendants
    • Authors: Reich, W. A; Picard-Fritsche, S, Rempel, M, Farley, E. J.
      Pages: 234 - 246
      Abstract: Demographic, criminal history, instant case, treatment modality, program failure, and re-arrest data were collected from 400 New York City drug court participants. Actuarial risk scores were created for program failure and re-arrest by performing stepwise logistic regressions based on criminal history, present case, and demographic predictors of these outcomes. Placement in a residential (vs. outpatient) setting increased the likelihood of program failure and re-arrest after controlling for actuarial risk scores. Residential placement was particularly counter-productive with low-risk program participants, whose re-arrest rate was more than double that of low-risk participants placed in an outpatient setting. Conversely, placement of low-risk participants in the least restrictive treatment modality—a non-intensive outpatient setting—lowered the likelihood of re-arrest relative to placement either in a residential setting or an intensive outpatient program. Results are discussed in terms of the Risk-need-responsivity model of offender intervention, which recommends avoiding overly restrictive treatment of low-risk offenders.
      PubDate: 2016-05-31T00:45:55-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616638490
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • "If the Barn Is Burning, Let the House Burn as Well": Patterns of Drug
           Abuse Among FSU Immigrant Drug Addicts in Israel
    • Authors: Liat; Y.
      Pages: 247 - 266
      Abstract: This qualitative study focuses on the unique characteristics of drug abuse among former Soviet Union (FSU) immigrant drug addicts in Israel, as well as on special concerns faced by them during rehabilitation. It is based on in-depth interviews with Russian-speaking recovering addict counselors employed in addiction treatment centers. The findings point to the existence of a distinct "Russian" drug-abuse culture that is expressed through unique patterns of abuse, rapid deterioration, adherence to the "Russian" criminal moral code, and distinct norms of interpersonal relations. Furthermore, a complex relationship between this culture and the rehabilitation process was found, with cultural features having both negative as well as positive effects on patients’ chances of successful recovery. A discussion is presented regarding the implications for treatment based on the interviewees’ reflections as well as on existing literature.
      PubDate: 2016-05-31T00:45:55-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616638491
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Cumulative Stress and Substance Use From Early Adolescence to Emerging
           Adulthood
    • Authors: Hoffmann; J. P.
      Pages: 267 - 288
      Abstract: Building on models of the stress process, this study examined the consequences for binge alcohol use, marijuana use, and other illicit substance use of cumulative levels of stressful life events using data from the Family Health Study (FHS), an 8-year panel data set (N = 840). The results of a latent trajectory analysis indicated a positive association between cumulative stressors and involvement in substance use during this period of the life course, especially among early adolescent users. However, there were no identifiable effects on adolescent-limited users. Implications of the results for theory and policy are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-05-31T00:45:55-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616638492
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 3 (2016)
       
 
 
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