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Journal Cover Journal of Drug Issues
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [3 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [740 journals]   [SJR: 0.372]   [H-I: 35]
  • How Powdered Cocaine Flows Across the United States: Evidence From
           Open-Source Price Data
    • Authors: Chandra, S; Peters, S, Zimmer, N.
      Pages: 344 - 361
      Abstract: Patterns of flows of cocaine across the United States are identified using open-source price data. The data set consists of wholesale prices for powdered cocaine for 112 U.S. cities published biannually by the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC) between 2002 and 2011. For each of the 6,126 possible unique pairs of cities in the sample, cocaine is inferred to flow from the city with the lower price to the city with the higher price if the prices in the two cities show a correlation that exceeds a threshold value. This threshold value is calibrated using data on anecdotal city-to-city flows published by the U.S. Department of Justice. The results show a striking pattern of cocaine flows from the south and west of the United States to the north and east. A cluster analysis of cities based on inward and outward links is used to classify each city as a "source," "destination," "transit," or "isolate."
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614522621|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614522621
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
  • The Moderating Effects of Peer and Parental Support on the Relationship
           Between Vicarious Victimization and Substance Use
    • Authors: Miller, R. N; Fagan, A. A, Wright, E. M.
      Pages: 362 - 380
      Abstract: General strain theory (GST) hypothesizes that youth are more likely to engage in delinquency when they experience vicarious victimization, defined as knowing about or witnessing violence perpetrated against others, but that this relationship may be attenuated for those who receive social support from significant others. Based on prospective data from youth aged 8 to 17 participating in the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), this article found mixed support for these hypotheses. Controlling for prior involvement in delinquency, as well as other risk and protective factors, adolescents who reported more vicarious victimization had an increased likelihood of alcohol use in the short term, but not the long term, and victimization was not related to tobacco or marijuana use. Peer support did not moderate the relationship between vicarious victimization and substance use, but family support did. In contrast to strain theory’s predictions, the relationship between vicarious victimization and substance use was stronger for those who had higher compared with lower levels of family support. Implications of these findings for strain theory and future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614526995|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614526995
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
  • Patterns and Transitions in Substance Use Among Young Swiss Men: A Latent
           Transition Analysis Approach
    • Authors: Baggio, S; Studer, J, Deline, S, N'Goran, A, Dupuis, M, Henchoz, Y, Mohler-Kuo, M, Daeppen, J.-B, Gmel, G.
      Pages: 381 - 393
      Abstract: This study investigates the potential stages of drug use. Data from the longitudinal Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors were used (N = 5,116). Drug use (alcohol, tobacco, and 16 illicit drugs) over the previous 12 months was assessed at two time points. Patterns and trajectories of drug use were studied using latent transition analysis (LTA). This study’s substantive contributions are twofold. First, the pattern of drug use displayed the well-known sequence of drug involvement (licit drugs to cannabis to other illicit drugs), but with an added distinction between two kinds of illicit drugs ("middle-stage" drugs: uppers, hallucinogens, inhaled drugs; and "final-stage" drugs: heroin, ketamine, GHB/GBL, research chemicals, crystal meth, and spice). Second, subgroup membership was stable over time, as the most likely transition was remaining in the same latent class.
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614526996|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614526996
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
  • The Drugs-Violence Nexus: A Systematic Comparison of Adolescent Drug
           Dealers and Drug Users
    • Authors: Seffrin, P. M; Domahidi, B. I.
      Pages: 394 - 413
      Abstract: Research on drug use often fails to account for drug dealing in most analyses of violence and other systemic risks associated with illegal drugs. The current study examined whether drug dealing, independent of its connection to drug use, increases involvement with delinquent peers, violence, weapons, and other drug-related conflicts. Data were drawn from the first two waves of the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (N = 1,148). Hierarchical linear models were used to investigate changes in these behaviors that resulted from the respondents’ involvement in drug dealing and drug use. Results indicate that involvement in drug dealing, controlling for drug use, increases violence and other systemic risks to a level that drug use alone is not likely to achieve. Findings also show, however, that drug use among dealers may reduce violence and limit contact with delinquent peers.
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614526994|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614526994
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
  • Public Acceptance for Drug Treatment in Lieu of Incarceration for Drug
           Offenders in Florida
    • Authors: Giordano; V. A.
      Pages: 414 - 429
      Abstract: How does the public think the drug problem should be solved? Several small opinion polls have suggested that many people believe that drug-abuse treatment is now the best way to fight the War on Drugs. However, opinion polls can be highly questionable as to the accuracy of their claims. This is further complicated by the varied findings of these polls, with some indicating support for the War on Drugs, while others see the war as a failure. A quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive research design was used to evaluate perceptions and beliefs of the population of Pinellas Country, Florida, in an effort to determine whether an individual’s attitude on providing drug-abuse treatment in lieu of incarceration for drug offenders is influenced by his or her personal view of drug addiction. The results of this study show that a majority of the participants are open to reform in the War on Drugs.
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614542510|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614542510
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
  • "Meth's Not My Cup of Tea": Perceptions of Methamphetamine Among Black
    • Authors: Copes, H; Kerley, K. R, Angulski, K, Zaleski, S.
      Pages: 430 - 441
      Abstract: Recent media portrayals of methamphetamine (meth) suggest that its use is relatively rare among Black drug users. Our aim with the current research is to explore the reasons why Black women stimulant users abstain from using meth. We rely on semi-structured interviews with 33 Black women whose drug of choice was cocaine and who had never or rarely used meth. These women said that they did not use meth because they had limited access to the drug, feared the chemicals used in production, disliked the immediate sensations, and feared the long-term consequences on their health. The limited access to meth led these stimulant users to rely on stereotypes of meth that the drug is made from toxic materials and that it causes rapid deterioration in users’ appearances. We argue that these factors contribute to meth use being stigmatized in Black communities, thereby acting as a protective factor in discouraging use among Black stimulant users.
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614542514|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614542514
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
  • Age of Substance Use Onset as a Predictor of Early Adult Substance
           Dependence and Offending in Male and Female Delinquents: Simple and
           Mediated Moderation
    • Authors: Walters, G. D; Urban, H.
      Pages: 442 - 456
      Abstract: This study was designed first, to test whether sex moderated the effect of substance use onset on early adult substance dependence and offending and second, to identify the factors responsible for this effect. Structured equation modeling with 1,281 adjudicated delinquents (1,104 males, 177 females) from the Pathways to Desistance study revealed that sex moderated the onset–substance dependence and onset–offending relationships. Whereas age of substance use onset predicted early adult substance dependence in both males and females, it only predicted early adult offending in males. Out of six putative mediators, only one, adolescent moral disengagement, satisfied the criteria for mediated moderation. Mediation of the moderated onset–offending relationship was the result of moral disengagement correlating with both age of substance use onset and early adult offending in male but not female delinquents. Moral disengagement displayed similar patterns of correlation in the onset–substance dependency relationship but failed to satisfy all criteria for mediated moderation.
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614542513|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614542513
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
  • Pressure to Change Drinking Behavior: An Exploratory Analysis of U.S.
           General Population Subgroups
    • Authors: Korcha, R. A; Polcin, D. L, Greenfield, T. K, Kerr, W. C, Bond, J.
      Pages: 457 - 465
      Abstract: General population studies have shown that pressure from others to change drinking can come from different sources. Receipt of informal pressure (IP) and formal pressure (FP) is known to vary by quantity and consequences of drinking, but less is known about how pressure varies among subgroups of the population. This exploratory study utilizes data from the National Alcohol Surveys from 1995 to 2010 (N = 26,311) and examines associations between receipt of pressure and subgroups of drinkers. Increased relative risk of receiving IP and FP were observed for individuals reporting an arrest for driving after drinking and illicit drug use while poverty and lack of private health insurance increased risk of receipt of FPs. Regular marijuana use increased IP. The subgroups that were studied received increased pressures to change drinking behavior, though disentangling the societal role of pressure and how it may assist with interventions, help seeking, and natural recovery is needed.
      PubDate: 2014-09-17T23:17:35-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042614542509|hwp:master-id:spjod;0022042614542509
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2014)
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