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Journal Cover Journal of Drug Issues
  [SJR: 0.399]   [H-I: 38]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-0426 - ISSN (Online) 1945-1369
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [839 journals]
  • Co-Morbidities Among Persons With Substance Abuse Problems: Factors
           Influencing the Receipt of Treatment
    • Authors: Small; L. F. F.
      Pages: 88 - 101
      Abstract: This article uses the behavioral model for vulnerable populations to evaluate the use of substance abuse treatment services among a sample of 926 substance abusers with one or more vulnerable health designations. A two-stage hierarchical logistic regression was completed to determine the influence of vulnerable and traditional need factors on the probability of receiving substance abuse treatment. Among traditional covariates, increased odds of receiving substance abuse treatment are associated with being either non-Hispanic White, Hispanic, having an income > US$5,000, and having a regular source of care. Among vulnerable covariates, injection drug use (odds ratio [OR] = 2.19, confidence interval [CI] = [1.46, 3.27]) and the receipt of public benefits (OR = 1.98, CI = [135, 2.92]) remain independent risk factors for the receipt of substance abuse treatment. Many who experience substance abuse disorders can also experience a multitude of other vulnerable health classifications, suggesting the need for a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of substance use disorders.
      PubDate: 2016-02-23T03:01:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615619642
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2016)
  • Adolescent Life History Strategy in the Intergenerational Transmission and
           Developmental Stability of Substance Use
    • Authors: Richardson, G. B; Dai, C.-L, Chen, C.-C, Nedelec, J. L, Swoboda, C. M, Chen, W.-W.
      Pages: 102 - 121
      Abstract: Research suggests that fast life history strategy (LHS) may be a primary driver of substance use among young adults. However, a recent study reported that (a) young adult fast LHS did not subsume all theorized indicators of LHS during this period and (b) fast LHS among parents did not predict young adult fast LHS or liability for use of common substances. In this study, we used structural equations and national data to test whether these findings generalized to adolescence. In addition, given that LHS and substance use share genetic and neuropsychological bases, we examined whether fast LHS could explain the developmental stability of substance use. Overall, our results extend the findings discussed above and suggest that fast LHS fully explains the developmental stability of substance use among youth. We discuss implications for life history models, research applying life history theory and substance use, and substance abuse prevention and treatment.
      PubDate: 2016-02-23T03:01:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615623986
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2016)
  • Medical Marijuana and Crime: Further Evidence From the Western States
    • Authors: Shepard, E. M; Blackley, P. R.
      Pages: 122 - 134
      Abstract: State medical marijuana programs have proliferated in the United States in recent years. Marijuana sales are now estimated in billions of dollars per year with over two million patients, yet it remains unlawful under Federal law, and there is limited and conflicting evidence about potential effects on society. We present new evidence about potential effects on crime by estimating an economic crime model following the general approach developed by Becker. Data from 11 states in the Western United States are used to estimate the model and test hypotheses about potential effects on rates of violent and property crime. Fixed effects methods are applied to control for state-specific factors, with adjustments for first-order autocorrelation and cross-section heteroskedasticity. There is no evidence of negative spillover effects from medical marijuana laws (MMLs) on violent or property crime. Instead, we find significant drops in rates of violent crime associated with state MMLs.
      PubDate: 2016-02-23T03:01:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615623983
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2016)
  • Addictive Behaviors and Chronic Pain in a High-Risk Population: The Simple
           and Confounding Effects of Multiple Addictive Diseases
    • Authors: Matta, M. S; Porter, J. R, Chintakrindi, S, Cosby, A. G.
      Pages: 135 - 147
      Abstract: In this study, we use a cross-sectional design to examine the relationship between addictive behaviors and self-reported pain in a high-risk population of driving under the influence (DUI) violators. Our results suggest that individuals identified as having potentially dependent relationships with food, nicotine, drugs, alcohol, and sex have a greater likelihood of experiencing pain. However, the magnitude of the association varied significantly among the addictive domains and in relation to the severity and body location of the reported pain. Our results demonstrate simple and additive effects associated with the confounding relationships between multiple addictions and the likelihood of experiencing chronic pain. Potential explanations for these relationships range from the physiological relationship between obesity and lower body joint strain to potential psychological relationships associated with sex addiction and the experience of pain. Overall, the results highlight statistically important relationships between addiction, multiple addictions, and the experience of chronic pain.
      PubDate: 2016-02-23T03:01:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042615623984
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2016)
  • Correlates of Risky Heterosexual Behaviors Among Women Who Use
    • Authors: Johnson, K. L; Desmarais, S. L, Van Dorn, R. A, Lutnick, A, Kral, A. H, Lorvick, J.
      Pages: 148 - 160
      Abstract: Women who use methamphetamine are at heightened risk of engaging in sexual behaviors that increase their odds of contracting HIV or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, little is known regarding correlates of such behaviors within this population. In a community-based sample of women who use methamphetamine (N = 322), we examined participant characteristics (i.e., demographics, drug- and sex-related behaviors, and mental health characteristics) associated with three operationalizations of risky heterosexual behaviors in the past 6 months (i.e., number of male partners, condomless sex with male partners, and both multiple male partners and condomless sex). Analyses revealed important distinctions in the correlates of risky heterosexual behaviors as a function of outcome. Results suggest that HIV and STI prevention strategies should consider characteristics associated with differing risky heterosexual behaviors. In addition, differences in correlates of these behaviors suggest a need for standardization in measurement and evaluation of sexual risk in research and practice with women who use methamphetamine.
      PubDate: 2016-02-23T03:01:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0022042616629512
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2016)
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