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Journal of Applied Social Science    [10 followers]  Follow    
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1936-7244 - ISSN (Online) 1937-0245
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [718 journals]   [SJR: 0.109]   [H-I: 2]
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: NP1 - NP1
      Abstract: Harvey, Lynn K., Kristen L. Di Luca, M. Kristen Hefner, James M. Frabutt and Terri L. Shelton. 2013. Systematic Observations of Neighborhood Order: Assessing the Methodology in Evaluating a Community-based Initiative. Journal of Applied Social Science 7: 42-60. Original
      DOI : 10.1177/1936724413478329
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Combating Concentrated Poverty in Urban Neighborhoods
    • Authors: Wilson; W. J.
      Pages: 135 - 143
      Abstract: Appearing a few months after the 25th anniversary of the publication of The Truly Disadvantaged, this article critically reflects on some of the more important research on the nature of concentrated poverty that specifically relates to the problem of neighborhood effects. The article then considers whether the response of the policy community has sufficiently addressed the challenges posed.
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724413492665|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724413492665
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Doing It Our Way! Women in Harness Horse Racing
    • Authors: Larsen; E.
      Pages: 144 - 147
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724413492664|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724413492664
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Sunday Friends: The Working Alternative to Charity
    • Authors: Lee, J. D; Vera Sanchez, C. G, Baba, Y.
      Pages: 148 - 187
      Abstract: This research presents results from the 2009 and 2011 evaluations of a biweekly program offered by Sunday Friends, a nonsectarian, nonprofit organization in Santa Clara County, California. The central focus of Sunday Friends is to empower families to "break the cycle of poverty" by providing programming that strengthens families and promotes healthy development of children and youth. Targeting financially needy families, the program uses a unique token economy to reward participation in educational and prosocial activities. Participants earn tickets that may be used to purchase a variety of goods and supplies. Most of the participating families are immigrant, Latino, and bilingual. The primary goal of the evaluations was to determine whether Sunday Friends fosters developmental assets for children and youth. Data were gathered from family members (i.e., adults and minors) and volunteers in 2009 and 2011. Questionnaires were administered to families face-to-face in English or Spanish during program hours, while volunteers were surveyed via an Internet questionnaire in English. We conclude that the token economy at Sunday Friends encourages a positive work ethic and motivates participation in transformative activities. Within an atmosphere of respect, helpfulness, and friendliness, the program fosters healthy family relationships, positive attitudes and behaviors, educational engagement, social capital, and healthy eating. Program volunteers are liked, respected, and viewed as role models. Data from volunteers confirm the reports by family members that the program has positive influences on participants’ lives.
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724412475138|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724412475138
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Rethinking Recidivism: A Communication Approach to Prisoner Reentry
    • Authors: Koschmann, M. A; Peterson, B. L.
      Pages: 188 - 207
      Abstract: Prisoner reentry is one of the main criminal justice challenges confronting the United States, especially as the costs of recidivism and incarceration take increasing tolls on city and state budgets, and the effects of criminal activity are felt by families and local communities. Our goal in this article is to develop an alternative approach to prisoner reentry. Our contention is that many reentry efforts focus mainly on the visible effects of recidivism (e.g., parole violations, criminal behavior, and treatment compliance) but do not get at the underlying causes that lead to recidivism in the first place. While traditional methods of surveillance and control focus on the observable problems of recidivism, we argue that the underlying cause is a communication breakdown of being cut off from networks and meaningful relationships that provide the necessary social capital needed for successful reintegration. Therefore, we propose reframing prisoner reentry from a communication perspective, and developing subsequent communication solutions. We suggest that mentoring is one such communication solution, and we present a case study of a successful reentry mentoring program. Our case study uses a mixed research methodology, including quantitative data from a third-party assessment and qualitative data from in-depth interviews. Our key conclusions are that mentoring provides important communication links to enable coordinated service delivery for ex-prisoners, and that mentoring is a valuable conversational resource to help socially construct a favorable postrelease environment for successful reentry. Our target audience are those interested in prisoner reentry and reforming the overall criminal justice system.
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724412467021|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724412467021
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Dynamic Duos: A Case Review of Effective Mentoring Program Evaluations
    • Authors: Reagan-Porras; L. L.
      Pages: 208 - 219
      Abstract: How can mentors maximize their positive relationships with "at-risk" youth? Youth mentoring program evaluations at the Boys & Girls Club of McAllen Metro (BGCMM) yield a framework that illuminates the content of relating inside mentoring relationships. The mentoring model identified is established primarily by qualitative methods with a phenomenological approach and supported by young adult alumni findings from a Harris Poll Interactive Survey. The case review of mentoring program evaluations is significant in that it fills a gap in the mentoring literature regarding the content of mentor-mentee relating. The summary of evaluation findings is also important because the inquiry occurs with 98 percent Latino youth population between the ages of 8 and 17. (The regional success of youth mentoring programs is meaningful to the nation in large part because South Texas is the one location where Latinos comprise a demographic majority). Given the academic achievement gap of Latino students, nationally with Latino high school drop-out rates approaching 50 percent and the overrepresentation of minority populations incarcerated, this simple replicable strategy for the successful mentoring program design and evaluation is timely. The interactionist sociological analysis examines what happens inside the mentor-mentee relationship as it is perceived to be impactful by the youth themselves with their definitions. The mentoring model informed by the case review is a practical tool in planning, implementing, and facilitating effective dyads between mentor and mentee that can inform mentor training and program evaluations.
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724412467019|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724412467019
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Adult Protective Services Workers Assess the Effectiveness of Mandatory
           Reporting of Elder Maltreatment in Michigan
    • Authors: Sengstock, M. C; Marshall, B. I.
      Pages: 220 - 232
      Abstract: Mandatory reporting is the method by which most states deal with the problem of elder abuse. However, the effectiveness of this approach has been the topic of little research. In this study, we report on a series of qualitative interviews with workers involved in the mandatory reporting process in the State of Michigan. The workers were involved either as mandated reporters or as representatives of the state who receive the reports (Adult Protective Services workers). Numerous problems were identified, including inadequate staffing in the state agency responsible for receiving reports of elderly abuse, lack of a standardized mechanism for submitting reports, poor training in a variety of areas for both reporters and APS workers, inadequate communication and coordination among agencies involved in the process, confidentiality concerns at all levels, inability of agencies to identify persons responsible for previous abuse of the elderly, and lack of involvement of knowledgeable workers in the establishment and administration of the law. Workers were also concerned that the needs of the elderly received little attention from officials at all levels (courts, prosecutors, and state government), most of whom were perceived to consider the needs of the children to be primary. On the positive side, workers in both types of agencies appeared highly committed to their clients and went considerably out of their way to be of assistance.
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724412462340|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724412462340
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Applications of Forensic Sociology and Criminology to Civil Litigation
    • Authors: Kennedy; D. B.
      Pages: 233 - 247
      Abstract: Social scientists play an increasingly important role in the prosecution and defense of both criminal and civil matters before the courts. An expanding area of forensic sociology and criminology involves the analysis of crime foreseeability and security standards of care as they relate to the question of liability for negligent security. Criminologists analyze prior crimes at a location and consider the totality of circumstances in order to determine foreseeability. If there is a duty to provide security, the efficacy of these measures is then considered. Forensic sociologists and criminologists also examine liability issues pertaining to workplace violence and personnel administration. Levels of analysis appropriate for courtroom testimony are discussed.
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724413477752|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724413477752
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
  • Book Review: The University in Development: Case Studies of Use-Oriented
           Research, by David Cooper
    • Authors: Jaffee; D.
      Pages: 248 - 249
      PubDate: 2013-07-30T04:47:26-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0162243913495951|hwp:resource-id:spjax;7/2/248
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2013)
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