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Journal Cover Journal of Applied Social Science
   [10 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1936-7244 - ISSN (Online) 1937-0245
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [738 journals]   [SJR: 0.109]   [H-I: 2]
  • Moral Boundaries and Dilemmas: A Call for Applied and Clinical Research
    • Authors: Ekland-Olson; S.
      Pages: 3 - 7
      Abstract: We ask a single question: How do we, through our customs, laws, religion, and common practice, go about justifying the violation of these deeply important, perhaps universal, moral imperatives, all the while holding tightly to their importance? The short answer is this: With empathy and logic we draw boundaries and through political debate we set priorities to resolve dilemmas. An infusing theme running throughout is the life-defining importance of assessed social worth. From time to time science, technology, and crystallizing events disturb, clarify, and inform existing understandings of the implied sense of social worth. New resolutions of dilemmas and definitions of life’s protective boundaries are called for. In this manner moral systems evolve. We will find they do so along a jagged and often contentious path.
      PubDate: 2014-01-29T21:44:58-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724413509343|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724413509343
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2014)
  • Disparity of SED Recovery: Community Initiatives to Enhance a System of
           Care Mental Health Transformation
    • Authors: Grape, A; Plum, K. C, Fielding, S. L.
      Pages: 8 - 23
      Abstract: How do youth from various community groups designated as having a serious emotional disturbance (SED) recover over time? We conducted an evaluation of a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration System of Care grant initiative for Monroe County, New York, to answer this and other questions. We looked at outcome differences over time using the Behavioral and Emotional Ratings Scale’s (2nd ed.) overall strength scores among youth living in four geographical places at the start of services: high-income urban, low-income urban, suburban, and rural. Minorities (be they nonwhite or white) within each group, except suburban, had the higher probability of being designated as having SED. We found recovery disparities among white urban youth and their nonurban counterparts, and among nonwhite suburban and high-income urban youth and their low-income urban and rural counterparts. Applied implications include the following: (a) Continue the restructuring of mental health and juvenile justice agencies to become more culturally competent, (b) create a social marketing campaign to address the stigma surrounding mental illness, (c) build coalitions to publicize risk factors to mental health and their prevention, (d) restructure schools away from the prevailing eurocentric model of education, and (e) create a labor hour exchange for the repair and upgrade of housing and other infrastructure.
      PubDate: 2014-01-29T21:44:58-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724412467020|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724412467020
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2014)
  • Sexual Exploitations, Concealment and Adolescent Mothers' Agency in a
           Semiurban Community in Southwest Nigeria
    • Authors: Agunbiade; O. M.
      Pages: 24 - 40
      Abstract: Adolescent motherhood in many sub-Saharan African countries has remained daunting. Motherhood at this stage is often frustrating. This article examines the invisibility of adolescent motherhood and their agency within the Yoruba sociocultural context. With empirical data from 19 semistructured interviews with adolescent mothers (15–20 years), the findings revealed a continuum of struggles for the adolescent mothers as reflected in the stigmatization of adolescents’ sexuality and uninformed sexual negotiations. However, pregnancy incident became a vehicle for defining their social identity and access to available opportunities. Concerns for conformity were evident in the desperation to terminate unplanned pregnancy or contraction of emergency traditional wedding ceremonies to minimize social stigma. Pregnancy occurrence was insufficient to sustain a marriage as some of the adolescent mothers left their partners shortly after child delivery. Against the demanding conditions and inadequate support, the participants expressed fears over the plausible consequences of their past and present on their future and that of their children. To overcome this fear, some of the participants engaged in economic activities backed with prayers and resilience in empowering themselves and ensuring that their children become educated. These self-initiatives have achieved little in assisting adolescent mothers to renegotiate their social positions. Initiatives that will recognize adolescent mothers’ agency at all levels could minimize the burden of early motherhood on their psychosocial well-being and that of their children.
      PubDate: 2014-01-29T21:44:58-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724412475139|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724412475139
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2014)
  • A Model Program for Patient Navigation: Using the Justice System to Offer
           a Health Care Intervention to Improve Birth Outcomes--Understanding
           Constrained Choice and Drug Treatment Court
    • Authors: Holsapple, S; Jensen, M.
      Pages: 41 - 60
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to describe a unique and innovative program that uses an encounter with the justice system to offer a health care plan for a subset of people going through drug court. With the application of social theory to clinical practice, an intervention in the form of patient navigation is developed to meet the needs of these clients. The article offers a description of the program and evaluation tools that may be used for standardization and subsequent replication of this patient navigation model to improve negative birth outcomes. Constraints on choice may be used to explain the process of health care decision making for this subset of people going through a court-mandated drug program. Considering the effects of constrained choice as documented by Bird and Rieker, a model program was developed providing evidence of an increase in program compliance for drug court clients and a reduction in the negative health outcomes for this group of at-risk people. Patient navigation within the framework of the constrained choice model offers a cost-effective means of improving health care outcomes for vulnerable populations.
      PubDate: 2014-01-29T21:44:58-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724413482902|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724413482902
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2014)
  • A Pedagogical Approach to Action Research
    • Authors: Gullion, J. S; Ellis, E. G.
      Pages: 61 - 72
      Abstract: Perhaps the best training for students to apply sociology is through hands-on community work. In this article, we write about the experience of a graduate-level qualitative research methods course in taking on an action research project over the course of a semester. We provide a detailed overview of the project along with practical tips for instructors who would like to replicate this pedagogy.
      PubDate: 2014-01-29T21:44:58-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1936724413476417|hwp:master-id:spjax;1936724413476417
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2014)
  • Book Review: Women on Ice: Methamphetamine Use among Suburban Women, by
           Miriam Boeri
    • Authors: Allen; A. K.
      Pages: 73 - 74
      PubDate: 2014-01-29T21:44:58-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0162243913505858|hwp:resource-id:spjax;8/1/73
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2014)
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