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Journal Cover   Humanity & Society
  [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0160-5976
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [827 journals]
  • A Second Redemption? Racism, Backlash Politics, and Public Education
    • Authors: Seamster, L; Henricks, K.
      Pages: 363 - 375
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615604926
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • Selective Enrollment, Race, and Shifting the Geography of Educational
           Opportunity: Where "Diversity" and Opportunity Compete with Tax Increment
    • Authors: Quiroz, P. A; Lindsay, V.
      Pages: 376 - 393
      Abstract: We have increasingly witnessed a movement toward neoliberalism, an ideological and economic system that promotes aggressiveness in the public environment and shifts the attention of states from addressing the needs of their citizens to exhorting citizens to address their own needs. Beyond deregulation, the reduction of government’s role in the economy, and the dominance of market-oriented ideas, neoliberalism prioritizes education as a mechanism for producing human capital and advancing the global knowledge economy. However, the acquisition of human capital is left largely to individuals (and families). Decoteau (2013) observes that in such a context members of a society become "responsibilized" and "entrepreneurialized" as consumers of public goods. This is observed in Chicago’s discursive constructions of schooling where school choice is the dominant narrative and parents are now presented as responsible consumers who select the best educational alternatives for their children. Such constructions also merge market-oriented school reform with new attempts to achieve racial/ethnic integration as shifting demographics and attention to the role of educational institutions to promote equity have been redefined. In this context, a number of experiments are used to attract enrollment and achieve diversity. Our article draws from a four-year study of a student diversity initiative at an elite public high school during a transition from federal and district supported racial integration to integration based on economic class. The article argues that shifting demographics and educational policies coalesced with tax increment financing, an urban development tool, to manage diversity and accommodate an increasingly affluent clientele at the expense of minority groups, particularly African Americans.
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615603749
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • From "Good Will" to "Anachronism": Racial Discourse, Shifting
           Demographics, and the Role of School Desegregation in the Public Good
    • Authors: Freidus, A; Noguera, P.
      Pages: 394 - 418
      Abstract: This article explores the challenges that have made the pursuit of school integration difficult in the contemporary era. Using court records and newspaper archives, we explore how a New York City school desegregation order came to be seen as "unnecessary," "unfair," and "anachronistic," claims that seem to deny the salience of race in one of the most segregated school systems in the nation. In 1974, Mark Twain Junior High School in Coney Island became the first New York City school to desegregate under federal district court order. Three decades later, Mark Twain was a highly desirable magnet school under a court-mandated desegregation plan that left students across the city competing fiercely for admissions. In 2007, an immigrant parent from India successfully sued New York City, claiming his daughter was passed over in favor of white students who scored lower on the city's selective school screening test but were admitted in the name of maintaining the 1974 court-mandated racial balance. We argue that Mark Twain's story vividly illustrates not only the importance of demographic change in school desegregation policy but also the evolution of racial discourse and the conceptions of the public good in the post–civil rights era.
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615601716
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • The Foundation of Racial Disparities in the Standardized Testing Era: The
           Impact of School Segregation and the Assault on Public Education in
    • Authors: Brunn-Bevel, R. J; Byrd, W. C.
      Pages: 419 - 448
      Abstract: We present a historical outline of racial inequality in Virginia’s kindergarten through 12th grade educational system focusing on de jure school desegregation and subsequent massive resistance following Virginia’s role in Brown v. Board of Education. Currently, standardized tests are used to evaluate students’ educational progress and knowledge, evaluate teacher and administrative effectiveness, and measure states’ educational efforts. In this article, we use school district-level data to examine racial disparities between black and white students in Virginia in 2010. We find widespread disparities in standardized test score passing rates with the exception of black students’ performance in history and social science before high school. Black students are consistently less likely than white students to earn passing scores in all subject areas at each grade level. We use state-level education data such as school district size, teacher–student ratio, and school funding to contextualize the standardized test data. We find that the locale of schools and their close links to white financial advantage and black student segregation can impact school resources and influence black students’ performance on standardized tests. We argue that the historic denial of equal educational opportunities to black Virginians is related to current educational inequality. We discuss our analyses in relation to policy implications for black student academic achievement.
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615603750
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • Henry Giroux on the Rise of Neoliberalism
    • Pages: 449 - 455
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615604985
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • Baldwin's Mill: Race, Punishment, and the Pedagogy of Repression,
    • Authors: Miller, R. J; Miller, J. W, Djoric, J. Z, Patton, D.
      Pages: 456 - 475
      Abstract: Written in the 50th anniversary of the historic debate between author and social critic James Baldwin and the "father of American conservatism" William F. Buckley, we extract from the corpus of Baldwin’s social critique a method to grasp emergent forms of marginality in the contemporary age. Described as a mill, Baldwin shows how everyday interactions shaped the behaviors and meaning making of black Americans during the civil rights era, teaching them to repress their feelings, motivations, and desires at the threat of violence. Inspired by Baldwin, we apply this analytic to mass imprisonment and the rise of prisoner reentry as a national policy priority. Attending to the "work" of reentry in the lives of the black poor, we find that the institutional and policy arrangements that gave birth to prisoner reentry, coupled with the exclusion of the criminalized poor from full participation in the social, civic, and economic life of the city operates as a pedagogy, locating the presumed black and criminalized poor within a social hierarchy and situating them within a moral taxonomy.
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615609188
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • Educational Inequality: Privatization, Charter Schools, and Uncertain
    • Authors: Hughey; M. W.
      Pages: 476 - 478
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615604924
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • Book Review: Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and
           the Danger to America's Public Schools
    • Authors: Ray; V.
      Pages: 479 - 480
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615588787
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • Book Review: Charter Schools and the Corporate Makeover of Public
           Education: What's at Stake?
    • Authors: Pennell; G. E.
      Pages: 481 - 482
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615587756
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • Book Review: Lessons from the Heartland: A Turbulent Half-century of
           Public Education in an Iconic American City
    • Authors: Lesser; E.
      Pages: 483 - 484
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615578902
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
  • The Color of Money, The Best Education It Buys
    • Authors: Seamster, L; Henricks, K.
      Pages: 485 - 486
      PubDate: 2015-10-27T22:19:39-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597615604933
      Issue No: Vol. 39, No. 4 (2015)
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