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Journal Cover Humanity & Society
   [4 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0160-5976
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [737 journals]
  • Maintaining the Mechanisms of Colorblind Racism in the Twenty-First
    • Authors: Thakore B. K.
      Pages: 3 - 6
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519229|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/3
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • The Legal Alchemy of White Domination: Embedding White Logic in Equal
           Protection Law
    • Authors: Moore W. L.
      Pages: 7 - 24
      Abstract: The U.S. Constitution, like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, states that no person shall be denied the equal protection of the law. Despite this Constitutional protection, however, the United States remains structured by deep racial inequality. Human rights advocates have suggested that this contradiction stems from unwillingness on the part of the U.S. government to go beyond equal protection of the law and provide state protection for a broader scope of human rights such as economic and cultural rights. Although this criticism of U.S. law and policy is warranted, I suggest even the notion of U.S. commitment to equal protection of the law must be critically interrogated given this country’s history of white racial domination. Through an explication of the equal protection jurisprudence of the U.S. Supreme Court, I illustrate how the Court has embedded within the equal protection legal frame a postcivil rights racial logic, particularly tropes of black criminality and white innocence. In doing so, the Court has constructed a substantive legal definition of equal protection of the law that naturalizes and supports contemporary mechanisms and structures of white racial domination.
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519230|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/7
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • When the R Word Ain't Enough: Exploring Black Youths' Structural
           Explanations of Black Group Status
    • Authors: DeFreece A. W.
      Pages: 25 - 48
      Abstract: For many, Barack Obama’s election validated criticisms that black youth in the post-Civil Rights era overemphasize racism and thereby undermine pursuits of opportunity. Research on black youths’ views of the opportunity structure show that they too embrace such motivational factors as explanations of racial disadvantage, even as they maintain an acute awareness of the significance of race in their lives. While the meanings underlying individual-level explanations of the racial hierarchy are clear, there remains a gap in scholarly understandings of structurally based views of racial disadvantage. This article utilizes interview data collected with a sample of black high school seniors residing in low-income neighborhoods in a major Midwestern metropolitan area to explore how they construct meanings of racial disadvantage, black affective bonds, and racial equality. I find that there is a range of meanings underlying "structural" or "systemic" explanations of racial disadvantage and that these variations have patterned relations to constructions of bonds and equality. Still, despite these variations, all of the youth describe depoliticized versions of "diversity" as the means to, and ends of racial equality. These findings suggest that system blame and variants of structural explanations of racial inequality frequently lack a substantive appreciation of the relational nature of oppression and privilege.
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519232|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/25
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • The Continuing Significance of Race: Racial Genomics in a Postracial Era
    • Authors: Fitzgerald K. J.
      Pages: 49 - 66
      Abstract: While most scientists of the twentieth century argued for understanding race as a social construction, this understanding has shifted considerably in the past decade. In the current era, biological notions of race have resurfaced not only in the scientific community but in the form of direct consumer use of DNA tests for genetic ancestry testing, sometimes referred to as genetic genealogy, and the emergence of pharmacogenomics, or the marketing of race-specific pharmaceuticals. In this article, I argue that the return of race as a biological concept in the form of racial genomics can best be understood through an application of Blumer’s race as group position theory. Using that, I argue that during the past 20 years, four specific challenges to the racial hierarchy have emerged that have threatened white dominance: the original interpretation of the Human Genome Project results declaring humans to be 99.9 percent similar, thus, dispelling the idea that race has a genetic basis, the electoral wins of President Barack Obama and the ensuing rhetoric that America is a "postracial" society, and finally, the increase in interracial relationships and biracial/multiracial identities. The emergence of racial genomics, I argue, is a response to these specific threats to the racial hierarchy and to white dominance.
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519231|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/49
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • Census and Racial Categorization in France: Invisible Categories and
           Color-blind Politics
    • Authors: Leonard; M. d. N.
      Pages: 67 - 88
      Abstract: The question of whether to accept the data collection of racial and ethnic statistics is part of a debate in France that has been going on for 20 years, as French census does not include racial or ethnic categories. Over the years, there have been several attempts—mostly unsuccessful—by scholars, nongovernmental organizations, and also elected officials, to argue in favor of the inclusion of "ethnic statistics," as it has come to be called in France. Through the examination of the structure of the census and other state-sanctioned enumeration processes in France, this article explores the relationship between France’s color-blind discourse with regard to racial categorization and the material conditions of racial inequality. This article offers an alternative to previous explanations as to why France refuses to include race and ethnicity in its census. I argue that the so-called colorblindness of the French census can be best analyzed through the lens of Bonilla-Silva’s concept of color-blind racism and Feagin’s concept of white racial frame. This article claims that the principles of universalism and national identity in the French Republican order, constructed in opposition to multiculturalism and differentialism, serve as the dominant white racial frames that deny the reality of social relations based on race and support a color-blind racism.
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519233|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/67
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • Book Review: The Ghetto: Contemporary Global Issues & Controversies
    • Authors: Barnum A. J.
      Pages: 89 - 91
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519234|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/89
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • Book Review: Social Exclusion, Power, and Video Game: New Research in
           Digital Media and Technology
    • Authors: Leonard D.
      Pages: 92 - 94
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519235|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/92
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • Book Review: Introducing Disability Studies
    • Authors: Wilbers L.
      Pages: 95 - 97
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519299|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/95
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • Film Review: Race to Nowhere: The Dark Side of America's Achievement
    • Authors: Bass L. E.
      Pages: 98 - 100
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519300|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/98
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • Film Review: Blackfish
    • Authors: Murphy M.
      Pages: 101 - 102
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519301|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/101
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
  • Navigating Safety
    • Authors: Monteagut L. E.
      Pages: 103 - 105
      PubDate: 2014-02-12T03:47:12-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0160597613519302|hwp:resource-id:sphas;38/1/103
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 1 (2014)
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